• 英语 西城区2017年高三期末考试
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单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

1.______ a tough challenge though, the Chinese women’s volleyball team won an Olympic title in Rio.

AFace

BFaced

C Facing

DTo face

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
1

2. The ancient Silk Road ______ China and Europe has become an ideal place for studying and traveling.

Aamong     

Balong

Cacross 

Dbetween

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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3. The teacher decided to give the task to ______ had a strong sense of responsibility.

Awhoever    

B whichever

C whatever

Dwhenever

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4. Bob checked the equipment thoroughly, only ______ the power was not set.

Afind  

Bfound

Cfinding

D to find

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5. —Wow, I didn’t know you play golf so well.

—I ______ for the last 6 months.

Aplay    

Bplayed

Cam playing

Dhave been playing

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6. Shelly ______ shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.

Ais     

Bwas

Chas been

Dhad been

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1

7. Participants at the conference were thankful for the information that ______ for them.

Aprovided                          

B is provided

Cwill be provided

Dhad been provided 

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1

8. John stepped on the stage without hesitation ______ he had been preparing for this moment all his life.

Aeven if        

B as if

Cas soon as

Das long as

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9. Honesty ______ an important role in a child’s ability to succeed in school and later life.

Aplayed            

Bplays

Chad played

Dhas played

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10. The great thing about music is ______ it can bring people of different cultural backgrounds together.

Awhich        

Bwhat

Cthat

Dwhether

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11. If you ______ to his speech attentively, you should have known that his achievement was not all from good luck.

Alistened     

Bwould listen

Chad listened

Dwould have listened

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12. —I am learning the piano. How can I learn it well?

—______ the traditional first before trying the modern.

AMaster      

BMastering  

CMastered 

DTo master

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13. You ______ give me a lift. I want to walk home for exercise.

Aneedn’t            

B couldn’t

Ccan’t

Dmustn’t

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14. Many universities share teaching resources online, creating a learning space ______ benefits life-long learners.

Ahow      

Bwhat

Cwhich

Dwhere

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15. ______ by the heavy rain, we had to take shelter under a big tree.

ADrive

B Driven

CDriving

DTo drive

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

It wasthe third period of the day and time for the physical education class. Once outside, students broke into an easy jog toward thefield until, all of a sudden, Marcus cried out,“Look!  What happened to the 16?It looks…angry.”Thestudents turned to see what he was pointing at all at once: Someone paintedangry faces on the walls of the stadium!

Duringlunch, all of the students were whispering with  17   aboutthe graffiti (涂鸦).Possible explanations spread like wildfire   18 the school.

Laterin the afternoon,when Brian cleanedthe blackboard, Marcus suddenly   19 the paint on his hands.He20that it was Brian who painted the graffiti, so after school, Marcusfollowed Brian to his locker and 21 on what hewas doing. When Brian opened his locker, Marcus saw small cans of paint inthere! He decided to 22 it to Mr. Johnson.

Thenext morning, Brian was called to the principal’s office. The moment Mr.Johnson asked

23about the graffiti, tears started flowing down Brian’s cheeks. Filled withshame, he explained that he liked to paint, but he couldn’t join the 24club because he had to go right home after school to baby-sit his littlebrother. “I don’t know why I painted those faces, and now I’ve 25the stadium!” he sobbed.                                           Mr.Johnson was quite angry at first, but he began to26ashe realized how miserable Brian was. “Brian, painting graffiti on school wallsis a very 27matter. We have to call your mother, and, ofcourse, you will have to clean and 28 the walls.” Mr. Johnson paused. “29,I must say, those paintings are quite good. Did you have any30with them?”

Brianlooked up and said,“No, I did them myself. Drawing and painting are the onlythings that I can do well.”

Mr.Johnson looked at Brian and thought for a moment before making a31.“Well,”he said, “some teachers suggested that we hire a local 32to paint our school mascot(吉祥物) on the stadium wall. How would you feelabout participating in that?”

“Really?” Brian hesitated, 33 to believe what he just heard.

“Yes,but this project will be hard work, and you’ll be expected to complete the jobon time. We can consider it part of your 34,”Mr. Johnson said, trying to hide his 35as he picked up the phone.

【语篇导读】这是一篇记叙文,作者讲述了一个喜欢涂鸦的孩子在学校到处乱画,最后被叫到校长办公室,校长给他机会施展才华的事情。

16.

Afield

Bclassroom

Coffice

Dstadium

17.

Acuriosity

Bexcitement

Cfear

Drelief

18.

Ato

Baround

Cfrom

Dbeyond

19.

Awiped

Bexamined

Cspotted

Dscanned

20.

Aremembered

Bsuspected

Cwitnessed

Dhoped

21.

Aspied

Breflected

Ccommented

Dhit

22.

Amake

Breport

Cdescribe

Dretell

23.

Ahesitantly

Bpatiently

Cdirectly

Dsympathetically

24.

Aart

Bmath

Csports

Dmusic、

25.

Achanged

Bdecorated

Ccleaned

Druined

26.

Aworry

Bsoften

Crelax

Dpanic

27.

Astrange

Burgent

Cserious

Dunusual

28.

Arepaint

Bhide

Cbuild

Drepair

29.

AAnd

BSo

COr

DBut

30.

Aconnection

Bdifficulty

Cexperience

Dhelp

31.

Apromise

Bchoice

Cdecision

Djudgment

32.

Areporter

Bartist

Cdesigner

Dscientist

33.

Aunable

Bunwilling

Cunlikely

Dunhappy

34.

Aresponsibility

Btalent

Cdevotion

Dpunishment

35.

Aregret

Banger

Csmile

Dpride

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共65分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am seeking an opportunity to work with World Destiny as a Computer Systems Manager. My professional experience and my awareness of your high reputation and great achievements have led me to want to work for World Destiny.

Since 1998 I have focused on computer-system design and training. As Systems Administrator for Newport Museum for the past two years, I have directed accounting, capital campaign and publication production. We designed the system from scratch, developing all applications, policies, procedures, and training programs. I was well prepared for such a challenge by my previous positions as a Systems Support Specialist and MicroComputer Assistant for the Imperial Corporation of America.

Over the years, I have worked with Novell, using programs including dBase,Wordstarand Microsoft Word. This familiarity with a variety of hardware and software has helped me to get up to speed on nearly any computer with a minimum training period.

Additional experience in other fields also adds my value to World Destiny. As a Market Research Coordinator for Cushman & Wakefield of California, I not only researched and maintained(维护) a comprehensive database of Silicon Valley, but also produced statistical and written reports that support Cushman & Wakefield’s reputation. Previously, I organized companywide annual sales meetings for Qualogy, Inc.

Mr. Smith, while this experience more than qualifies me to join any number of successful companies, it is my personal goals that lead to my interest in being part of the World Destiny team. I believe my computer, promotional, and organizational skills, fueled by my beliefs, make World Destiny and me right for each other. Can we arrange an interview at your earliest convenience? I will call within the next week to arrange a meeting.

Sincerely,                                                                       Beth Henning

【语篇导读】这是一篇书信,作者主要写了想参加史密斯先

生的面试,并介绍了自己与团队的业绩。

生的面试,并介绍了自己与团队的业绩。

36. Beth Henning’s work experience include ______.

AComputer Systems Manager for Corporation of America

BSystems Support Specialist for World Destiny

CSystems Administrator for Newport Museum

DMicroComputer Assistant for Novell

37. While working with Cushman & Wakefield of California, Beth’s work involved ______.

Atraining new workers

Bmaintaining a database

Corganizing sales meetings

Ddeveloping company policies

38. Beth Henning proves herself qualified for the position mainly by______.

Astressing her personality strengths

Bpromising her value to the company

Clisting relevant experiences and skills

Dexpressing a strong interest in the company

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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B

When the telephone rings late at night, most women guess it must be one of only four or five people calling. A sister?Maybe.An emergency?Possibly.A mother?Probably not at that time of night. Much more probably it is a close female friend calling to tell you that she has split up with her boyfriend again or perhaps simply that a good movie has just started on TV.

At a time when families are spread far and wide and marriages often end in divorce, friendships are becoming more and more important. Erika, a 32-year-old lawyer, is strengthened by her ten-year friendship with her married friend Jane. “I was very sick one night, so I called Jane at about 3:00 a.m. to talk about it,” she says. “She was very supportive and even came over to take me to the doctor’s the next morning.”

As American TV shows like Friends, which follows the lives of a very close group of young friends, have become more popular, many of us are beginning to see the value of such friendships. TV shows like this tell us that our romantic relationships may not last, but we need to keep in touch with our close friends if we want to survive.

A TV show called Real Women is about the lives and relationships of five former school friends. In this show, family, husbands, and work are all less important than friendships. One of its actresses says the show reflects her own experience. “Friendship is about commitment. I don’t see some of my friends for ages but when we get together, it is as if time hasn’t passed.”

This is true of Erika and Jane’s friendship. With Erika’s family 200 miles away, it is Jane who keeps a spare set of keys to Erika’s apartment and waters her plants whenever she is away. “Having Jane around gives me a certain amount of freedom. It is not the kind of thing that you could ask anyone to do, but she knows I would do the same for her.” Erika feels that because she no longer sees her family every day, she now enjoys a closer relationship with her best friend. Jane, who may move to a different city soon, is worried about leaving such a support system of friends. “My friends have more to do with my life than my parents and, therefore, I don’t have to spend a lot of time explaining things to them. Friends are more up to date with what is happening.”

【语篇导读】这是一篇说明文,作者讲述了朋友在生活中的

重要性及牢靠性。

39. According to the passage, a late-night phone call for most women is probably from ______.

Aa friend

Ba relative

Ca stranger

Da doctor

40. TV shows like Friends tell us that ______.

Amarriages with friends often end up in failure

Bfamilies and work are as important as friends

Cclose friends help us face problems in life

Dfriendship fades as time goes by

41. From the passage, we can learn that Erika and Jane ______.

Alive far away from each other

Bhave been friends for 32 years

Cspend a lot of time explaining things

Dtrust and support each other in daily life

42. Which of the statements will the author probably agree with?

AA near friend is more helpful than a faraway relative.

BBoth marriage and friendship demand commitment.

CHowever far away we’re, parents worry about us.

DLong distance makes the hearts closer.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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C

This week at the British Science Festival, Prof Rory Wilson of Swansea University has been revealing (揭示) the secrets of the animal kingdom, including penguins’diving habits and the emotional(情感的) states of elephants.

“The problem with animals is that we often want to know things about them that they don’t want to tell us or that aren’t easy to find out. The only way to do it is to put something on the animal that will accompany it,” Prof Wilson said. Addressing a crowd of journalists, Prof Wilson said his work was all made possible by a small electronic chip (芯片) his team developed specifically to monitor animals in their private hours.

This chip contains pressure, temperature and light sensors—offering an extraordinary view of an animal’s life. The chip, Prof Wilson explained, does exactly what our smartphones or fitness monitors do, continually tracking and recording the wearer’s position and movements. “This is a novel written by an animal. It’s very exciting to be the first person to open that novel.” This earlier chip was about five times larger than the current version, 27mm across and 4mm thick—and weighing 1.2g.

So far the group at Swansea has recorded the lives of more than 1,000 animals and 100 different species. Prof Wilson said the whole enterprise was a team effort. His group consists of academics, postdocs and students, who spend months searching through all the data collected by the chips.

Presenting results from a chip on a penguin in Argentina, he said the penguin was a personal favorite; he still analyzes these birds’ data himself. Looking at the huge screen in Prof Wilson’s lab, we could see the penguin’s individual steps. A change in movement and a drop in temperature indicate the exact moment of a dive into the water. The sensors within the chip are so accurate that they can easily detect behaviors that humans might not notice—even offering deep understanding into some animals’ emotional state.

Think of the way we humans walk. If someone is happy, this can be reflected in our physical behavior—it is often said that they “have a spring in their step”. To observe if this sort of phenomenon also occurs in animals, Prof Wilson’s team analyzed the walking movement of elephants in a zoo. They realized that an elephant walking towards something it liked would walk in a particular way. When that same elephant though was made to go away from the thing it liked, it would walk in a different manner. “How well you can predict the behavior of animals and protect them is dependent on how well you understand the rules by which they’re working.” Prof Wilson said.

【语篇导读】这是一篇记叙文,作者讲述了如何探究动物的生活秘密,以企鹅和大象为例,在他们的体内安装芯片,通过数据分析来知晓。

43. According to Prof Wilson, what contributes most to his team’s discovery?

AThe cooperation of experts from different fields.

BThe use of a special electronic chip.

CThe personal interest in penguins.

DThe special way of data analysis.

44. It can be learned from the passage that the sensors can _____.

Aevaluate stress resultingfrom animals’ fighting

Bexamine penguins’ unusual behavior while diving

Cdistinguish different walking manners of elephants

Dprovide information about the animals’ inner feelings

45. Monitoring animals’ behavior helps _____.

Aset rules for them

Bcontrol their behavior

Cchange their habits

Dunderstand and protect them

46. Which is the best title of the passage?

AInspiring ‘Novels’ Written by a Group from Swansea University

BPioneering ‘Diaries’ Uncover the Secret Lives of Animals

CPenguins and Elephants Tracked for Emotional State

DScientists Made a Breakthrough in Animal Study

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Earthquake in Japan.Donald Trump is accused of planting story about actress’s height after she rejected him. Mexico arrests ex-police chief in case of 43 missing students. Do you really need to know all these things?

Three years ago, I began an experiment. I stopped reading all newspapers and magazines. Televisions and radios were rejected. I deleted the news apps from my iPhone. I didn’t touch a single free newspaper and deliberately looked the other way when someone tried to offer me any such reading material. The first weeks were hard. Very hard! I was constantly afraid of missing something. But after a while, I had a new understanding. The result after three years: clearer thoughts, more valuable ideas, better decisions, and much more time. And the best thing? I haven’t missed anything important.

A dozen reasons exist to give news a wide berth. Here are the top three: First, our brain reacts differently to different types of information. Shocking, people-based, fast-changing details all appeal to us. News producers capitalize on this. The result: Everything complex, abstract, and profound(深刻的) must be systematically singled out, even though such stories are much more relevant to our lives and to our understanding of the world. As a result, we walk around with a misrepresented mental map of the risks and threats we actually face.

Second, news is irrelevant. In the past year, you have probably consumed about ten thousand pieces of news. Be very honest: Name one of them, just one that helped you make a better decision—for your life, your career, or your business—compared with not having this piece of news. No one I have asked has been able to name more than two useful news stories—out of ten thousand. News organizations claim that their information gives you a competitive advantage. Too many fall for this. If news really helped people advance, journalists would be at the top of the income pyramid.

Third, news is a waste of time. An average human being spends half a day each week reading about current affairs. This is a huge loss of productivity. Take the 2008 terror attack in Mumbai. Let’s say a billion people viewed the minute-by-minute updates and listened to the chatter of a few “experts” and “commentators.” Thus our conservative calculation: One billion people multiplied by an hour’s distraction equals one billion hours of work stoppage. News wasted around two thousand lives—ten times more than the attack.

I    would predict that turning your back on news will benefit you as much as removing any of the other ninety-eight errors we have covered in the pages of this book. Read long background articles and books. Nothing beats books for understanding the world.

【语篇导读】本篇是一篇说明文,作者介绍了阅读新闻是没有用并且浪费时间的,认为读书才是获取知识的重要方法。

47. How did the author feel at the beginning of his experiment?

AHe was in constant fear.

BHe enjoyed it very much.

CHe had a better vision about life.

DHe missed his friends and relatives.

48. What does the underlined phrase in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

ARefuse to read news.

BSelect newscarefully.

CQuestion news.

DHelp circulate news.

49. Inthe author’s opinion, news ______.

Arepresents a competitive advantage

Boffers a mental map of the world

Cleads to a loss of productivity

Dbrings journalists’ income up

50. What’s the main purpose of writing the passage?

ATo offer tips on choosing news.

BTo advocate giving up reading news.

CTo share experiences on avoiding news.

DTo criticize media’s misleading choice of news.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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按照题目要求,书写作文

56.假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的英国朋友Jim即将过生日。你打算送给他一件具有中国特色的礼物。请给他写封信,内容包括:

1.生日祝福;

2. 礼物介绍;

3. 选择该礼物的原因。

注意: 1. 词数不少于50;

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。   

 

Dear Jim,

 

 

Yours,

Li Hua

57.假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。上周,你班同学为迎接新年的到来,为元旦联欢会精心策划准备。请你按照以下四幅图的先后顺序,以“Preparations for New Year’s Party”为题,给校刊写一篇英文稿件,介绍准备联欢会的全过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Casual Dress in the Workplace

For Ruth, an employee at an insurance company, Friday isn’t just another workday. It is the day when she can wear a sweater and casual trousers instead of business suit. 51  “It is a real treat. It puts us in good mood and winds the week down.” Ruth has joined thousands of workers across the United States who happily change from jackets, ties, and dresses to jeans, polo shirts, and sweaters on Fridays.

Why dress-down Friday? “I think it gives an atmosphere of less formality(正式),” says President Matthew of Entex Industries. Today, dressing casually on the job is a way to show your company is in style. Another contributor is faxes, voice mail and email, which have reduced public contact.  52

However, even though dressing down is popular, the trend is controversial. Some workers remain strongly opposed. “You have got all the time in the world to dress down when you retire,” declared one woman.  53 “We had some very important guests come in on a Friday a few months ago,” says another worker. “These people dressed in navy suits. Our people dressed way down. I thought it was embarrassing. It sent the wrong message about our company.” Many people feel that suits, ties and dresses are superior to casual clothes in creating a positive professional image.

  54   Some experts think it will go away one day. Aslong as the trend continues, though, dressing casually can cause a littleconfusion in the workplace. Business people aren’t sure what to wear, and manypeople just put on whatever they feel like in the morning.   55  Theybelieve dressing down at work is one of the signs that the society is loweringits standards of everything. Czardas and John T. Malloy, author of Dress for Success, say psychologicalchanges occur when people dress up. “There is no question what you wear affectswhat you do, your performance, and your attitude,” says Malloy.

 



A Will the dress-down trendlast?

B Will dressing casually becomepopular?

CThe casual dress trend worries some fashion professionals

DIt is when she feels more confident and gets ready for next promotion

EShe loves the day away from her usual dressy suits and high-heeled shoes

FOthers worry that dressing casually lowers an employer’s professional image.

GWith fewer out-of-the-office meetings, people are dressing less to impress and morefor 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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