• 英语 2018年高三北京市第二次模拟试题
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单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                 A

    You probably know who MarieCurie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladieslisted below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100  years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

    Anyone who has ever been helpedby a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addams helped the poor and workedfor peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters andpromoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became thefirst American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

    If it weren’t for Rachel Carson,the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book SilentSpring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects ofchemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Sandra DayO’Connor(1930-present)

    When Sandra Day O’Connorfinished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not findwork at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman tojoin the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many importantcases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

    On December 1,1955,inMontgomery,Alabama,Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to apassenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set off the Montgomerybus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rightsmovement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,”said Parks.

What is Jane Addams noted for in history?

AHer social work.

BHer lack of proper training in law.

CHer efforts to win a prize.

DHer community background.

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                                 A

    You probably know who MarieCurie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladieslisted below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100  years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

    Anyone who has ever been helpedby a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addams helped the poor and workedfor peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters andpromoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became thefirst American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

    If it weren’t for Rachel Carson,the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book SilentSpring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects ofchemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Sandra DayO’Connor(1930-present)

    When Sandra Day O’Connorfinished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not findwork at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman tojoin the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many importantcases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

    On December 1,1955,inMontgomery,Alabama,Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to apassenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set off the Montgomerybus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rightsmovement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,”said Parks.

What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

AHer lack of proper training in law.

BHer little work experience in court.

CThe discrimination against women.

DThe poor financial conditions.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 A

    You probably know who MarieCurie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladieslisted below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100  years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

    Anyone who has ever been helpedby a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addams helped the poor and workedfor peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters andpromoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became thefirst American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

    If it weren’t for Rachel Carson,the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book SilentSpring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects ofchemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Sandra DayO’Connor(1930-present)

    When Sandra Day O’Connorfinished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not findwork at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman tojoin the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many importantcases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

    On December 1,1955,inMontgomery,Alabama,Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to apassenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set off the Montgomerybus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rightsmovement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,”said Parks.

What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

AThey are highly educated.

BThey are truly creative.

CThey are pioneers.

DThey are peace-lovers.

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                                B

    Thefreezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter,so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packedbefore you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blueskies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools,wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon)filled the weekend, but the best part particularly to my taste, dulled bymonths of cold weather root vegetables was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasotafarmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

     The market, which was founded in 1979, sets upits tents every Saturday from 7:00 a.m to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along NorthLemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-paintedsides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing,large, soft and round red tomatoes.

    Disappointedby many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused tobuy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store,once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homedin, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’sstand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the realdeal and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winterwas going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t beexperiencing again for months.

     Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight,my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of thesuppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota RitzCarlton, where luckily for me. I was planning to have dinner that very night.Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

What did the author think of her winter life in New York?

AExciting.

BBoring.

CRelaxing.

DAnnoying.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    Thefreezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter,so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packedbefore you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blueskies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools,wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon)filled the weekend, but the best part particularly to my taste, dulled bymonths of cold weather root vegetables was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasotafarmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

     The market, which was founded in 1979, sets upits tents every Saturday from 7:00 a.m to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along NorthLemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-paintedsides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing,large, soft and round red tomatoes.

    Disappointedby many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused tobuy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store,once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homedin, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’sstand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the realdeal and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winterwas going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t beexperiencing again for months.

     Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight,my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of thesuppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota RitzCarlton, where luckily for me. I was planning to have dinner that very night.Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

What made the author’s getting up late early worthwhile?

AHaving a swim.

BBreathing in fresh air.

CWalking in the morning sun.

DVisiting a local farmer’s market.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    Thefreezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter,so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packedbefore you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blueskies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools,wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon)filled the weekend, but the best part particularly to my taste, dulled bymonths of cold weather root vegetables was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasotafarmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

     The market, which was founded in 1979, sets upits tents every Saturday from 7:00 a.m to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along NorthLemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-paintedsides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing,large, soft and round red tomatoes.

    Disappointedby many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused tobuy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store,once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homedin, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’sstand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the realdeal and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winterwas going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t beexperiencing again for months.

     Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight,my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of thesuppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota RitzCarlton, where luckily for me. I was planning to have dinner that very night.Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter?

AThey are soft.

BThey look nice.

CThey taste great.

DThey are juicy.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    Thefreezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter,so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packedbefore you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blueskies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools,wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon)filled the weekend, but the best part particularly to my taste, dulled bymonths of cold weather root vegetables was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasotafarmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

     The market, which was founded in 1979, sets upits tents every Saturday from 7:00 a.m to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along NorthLemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-paintedsides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing,large, soft and round red tomatoes.

    Disappointedby many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused tobuy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store,once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homedin, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’sstand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the realdeal and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winterwas going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t beexperiencing again for months.

     Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight,my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of thesuppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota RitzCarlton, where luckily for me. I was planning to have dinner that very night.Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.

What was the author going to that evening?

AGo to a farm.

BCheck into a hotel.

CEat in a restaurant.

DBuy fresh vegetables.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 C

      Passenger pigeons(旅鸽)once flew overmuch of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the18th and 19th centuries described flocks(群)so large that theydarkened the sky for hours.

        It wascalculated that when its population reach its highest point, there were morethan 3 billion passenger pigeons – a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of thetotal bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundantbirds in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already becomesmaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

       Sadly, theabundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birdswere abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed themby the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings withgrain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets overthem, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities andsold in restaurants.

        By theclosing decades of the 19th century,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged byAmericans’ need for wood, which scattered(驱散)the flocks andforced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring stormscontributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seenagain.

        In 1897,the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passengerpigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy inPike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care.The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the CincinnatiZoological Garden in September 1, 1914.

In the 18th and early 19th centuries, passenger pigeons _______.

Awere the biggest bird in the world

Blived mainly in the south of America

Cdid great harm to the natural environment

Dwere the largest population in the US

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                                 C

      Passenger pigeons(旅鸽)once flew overmuch of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the18th and 19th centuries described flocks(群)so large that theydarkened the sky for hours.

        It wascalculated that when its population reach its highest point, there were morethan 3 billion passenger pigeons – a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of thetotal bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundantbirds in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already becomesmaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

       Sadly, theabundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birdswere abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed themby the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings withgrain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets overthem, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities andsold in restaurants.

        By theclosing decades of the 19th century,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged byAmericans’ need for wood, which scattered(驱散)the flocks andforced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring stormscontributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seenagain.

        In 1897,the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passengerpigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy inPike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care.The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the CincinnatiZoological Garden in September 1, 1914.

The underlined word “undoing” probably refers to the pigeons’ _______.

Aescape

Bruin

Cliberation

Devolution

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 C

      Passenger pigeons(旅鸽)once flew overmuch of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the18th and 19th centuries described flocks(群)so large that theydarkened the sky for hours.

        It wascalculated that when its population reach its highest point, there were morethan 3 billion passenger pigeons – a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of thetotal bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundantbirds in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already becomesmaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

       Sadly, theabundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birdswere abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed themby the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings withgrain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets overthem, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities andsold in restaurants.

        By theclosing decades of the 19th century,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged byAmericans’ need for wood, which scattered(驱散)the flocks andforced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring stormscontributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seenagain.

        In 1897,the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passengerpigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy inPike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care.The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the CincinnatiZoological Garden in September 1, 1914.

What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

ATo seek pleasure.

BTo save other birds.

CTo make money.

DTo protect crops.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 C

      Passenger pigeons(旅鸽)once flew overmuch of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the18th and 19th centuries described flocks(群)so large that theydarkened the sky for hours.

        It wascalculated that when its population reach its highest point, there were morethan 3 billion passenger pigeons – a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of thetotal bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundantbirds in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already becomesmaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati.

       Sadly, theabundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birdswere abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed themby the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings withgrain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets overthem, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities andsold in restaurants.

        By theclosing decades of the 19th century,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged byAmericans’ need for wood, which scattered(驱散)the flocks andforced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and spring stormscontributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seenagain.

        In 1897,the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passengerpigeons, but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10years. The last confirmed wild pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy inPike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time, a few birds survived under human care.The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the CincinnatiZoological Garden in September 1, 1914.

What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan?

AIt was ignored by the public.

BIt was declared too late.

CIt was unfair.

DIt was strict.

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                                 D

      The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may bethoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence ina conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed bysome cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be madeto fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groupsvalue silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    Many Native Americans valuesilence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as sometraditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one ofthese cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants thelistener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures,silence is a call for reflection.

    Other cultures may use silencein other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or inrelationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian,French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between partiesabout the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence wheninstructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to thatperson by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asiancultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or aperson in authority.

    Nurses and other care-giversneed to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across thepersonal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognizetheir own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’ssilence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nursewho understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assistin the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

What does the author say about silence in conversations?

AIt implies anger.

BIt promotes friendship.

CIt is culture-specific.

DIt is content-based.

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                                 D

      The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may bethoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence ina conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed bysome cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be madeto fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groupsvalue silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    Many Native Americans valuesilence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as sometraditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one ofthese cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants thelistener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures,silence is a call for reflection.

    Other cultures may use silencein other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or inrelationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian,French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between partiesabout the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence wheninstructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to thatperson by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asiancultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or aperson in authority.

    Nurses and other care-giversneed to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across thepersonal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognizetheir own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’ssilence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nursewho understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assistin the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

AThe Chinese.

BThe French.

CThe Mexicans.

DThe Russians.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 D

      The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may bethoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence ina conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed bysome cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be madeto fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groupsvalue silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    Many Native Americans valuesilence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as sometraditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one ofthese cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants thelistener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures,silence is a call for reflection.

    Other cultures may use silencein other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or inrelationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian,French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between partiesabout the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence wheninstructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to thatperson by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asiancultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or aperson in authority.

    Nurses and other care-giversneed to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across thepersonal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognizetheir own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’ssilence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nursewho understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assistin the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?

ALet it continue as the patient pleases.

BBreak it while treating patients.

CEvaluate its harm to patients.

DMake use of its healing effects.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 D

      The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may bethoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence ina conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed bysome cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be madeto fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groupsvalue silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

    Many Native Americans valuesilence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as sometraditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one ofthese cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants thelistener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures,silence is a call for reflection.

    Other cultures may use silencein other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or inrelationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian,French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between partiesabout the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence wheninstructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to thatperson by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asiancultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or aperson in authority.

    Nurses and other care-giversneed to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across thepersonal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognizetheir own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’ssilence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nursewho understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assistin the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

What may be the best title for the text?

ASound and Silence

BWhat It Means to Be Silent

CSilence to Native Americans

DSpeech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold

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填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

        Building Trust in a Relationship Again

    Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences,  36 .That is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

    Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore,  37 .It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.

     38 having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.

     39 If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

    You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life.  40 Instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.

    A.Learn to really trustyourself.

    B.It is putting confidence insomeone.

    C.Stop regarding yourself as thevictim.

    D.Remember that you can expectthe best in return.

    E.They’ve been too badly hurtand they can’t bear to let it happen again.

    F.This knowledge carries over intheir attitude toward their future relationships.

    G.Seeing the positive sideof things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

                      A Heroic Driver

    Larry works with Transport Drivers, Inc. One morning in 2009, Larry was   41   along 165 north after delivering to one of his   42  . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on.  43   he got closer, he found   44   vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed   45   shooting out from under the   46   vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and  47   the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.

    The man who had his bright lights on  48   and told Larry he had   49   an emergency call.They   50   heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.  51   the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay   52   until the emergency personnel arrived,   53   she thought the car was going to  54  . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move   55   she injured her neck.

    Once fire and emergency people arrived, Larry and the other man   56   and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the  57   if he was needed or  58   to go. They let him and the other man go.

    One thing is   59  —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His   60   most likely saved the woman’s life.

41. 

    A.walking                

    B.touring                  

    C.traveling                

    D. rushing

42. 

    A. passengers           

    B.colleagues             

    C.employers              

    D. customers

43. 

    A.Since                   

    B.Although                

    C.As                          

    D. If

44. 

    A.each                     

    B.another                 

    C.that                        

    D. his

45. 

    A.flames                 

    B.smoke                    

    C.water                     

    D. steam

46. 

    A.used                    

    B.disabled                

    C.removed                 

    D.abandoned

47. 

    A. got hold of            

    B.prepared                

    C. took charge of       

    D. controlled

48. 

    A. came down           

    B. came through        

    C. camein                  

    D. came over

49. 

    A.returned                

    B.received                

    C.made                    

    D. confirmed

50. 

    A.then                      

    B.again                     

    C.finally                    

    D. even

51. 

    A.Starting                 

    B. Parking               

    C.Passing                 

    D. Approaching

52. 

    A.quiet                     

    B.still                        

    C. away                      

    D.calm

53. 

    A.for                         

    B.so                          

    C.and                       

    D. but

54. 

    A.explode                

    B. slipaway               

    C. fallapart                 

    D. crash

55. 

    A. asif                      

    B.unless                   

    C. incase                    

    D. after

56. 

    A. stepped forward        

    B.backed off             

    C. moved on             

    D. set out

57. 

    A.woman               

    B.police                      

    C. man                      

    D. driver

58. 

    A.forbidden            

    B.ready                        

    C.asked                     

    D.free

59. 

    A. forcertain           

    B. forconsideration             

    C.reported               

    D. checked

60.

    A. patience              

    B.skills                         

    C.efforts                   

    D. promise

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的适当形式。

    One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen.Suddenly, he 61.________ (find)that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son,“Go to the village and buy some salt,but pay a fair price for it, neither too much 62.________ too little.”His son looked surprised.“I can understand why I shouldn't pay too much,Father,but if I can pay less, 63.________ not save a bit of money?” “That would be a very 64.________(reason)thing to do in a big city,but it could destroy a small village like ours,”Nick said.

    Nick's guests, 65.________ had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied,“The only reason a man would sell salt 66.________ a lower price would be because he was desperate for money.And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 67.________ the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”“But such a small thing couldn't 68.________ (possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only 69.________ very small amount of unfairness in the world,but everyone added a little,always 70.________ (think) that it was only small and not very important,and look where we have ended up today.”

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第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
          2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it .

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假定你是李华。你的美国笔友Tom对中国文化有浓厚的兴趣。今年暑假你校将为外国学生举办一场汉语夏令营(Summer Camp of Chinese)活动,请你给他发一封电子邮件,邀请他来参加这次活动,内容包括:

    1夏令营的时间和地点;

    2夏令营的内容,如学习日常汉语、了解中国历史和传统文化、参观博物馆等;

    3报名方式和截止日期。

注意:

    1词数120左右;

    2可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear Tom,

    Here comes a piece of good news.                                                                                                                            

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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