• 2020年高考真题 英语 (浙江卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. What will the speakers do tonight?

AVisit Mary.

BGo out of town.

CHost a dinner.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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2. How does the woman go to work this week?

ABy car.

BBy bike.

COn foot.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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3. What time does Dave’ s meeting start?

AAt 8:30.

BAt 9:00.

CAt 10:00.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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4. What is Helen going to do?

ABuy some books.

BStudy in the library.

CAttend a history class.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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5. What is the woman’s feeling now?

ARelief.

BRegret.

CEmbarrassment.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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6. What is Tom busy doing?

ARaising money.

BWriting a lab report.

CGiving classes to children.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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7. Who might be able to help Tom this week?

AMike.

BCathy.

CJane.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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8. Why is Jack leaving early?

ATo avoid getting stuck in traffic.

BTo enjoy the scenery on the way.

CTo buy some gifts for his family.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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9. What does Judy often do at the railway station?

ARead books.

BCall some friends.

CLook around the shops.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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10. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

AWhat to do next year.

BWhere to go for vacations.

CHow to pass the waiting time.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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11. Why does Bill look troubled?

AHe is short of money.

BHe has made a big mistake.

CHe is facing a tough choice.

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12. What is Bill now?

AA college student.

BAn army officer.

CA computer engineer.

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13. What does the woman seem to suggest Bill do?

ALearn to repair cars.

BDecline the job offer.

CAsk his uncle for advice.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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14. What is the woman recommending to the man?

AA writer.

BA club.

CA course.

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15. What is the woman reading now?

AThe Beautiful Mind.

BThe Great Gatsby.

CThe Kite Runner.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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16. How much time does the man have to read the book?

ATwo weeks.

BThree weeks.

CFour weeks.

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17. What is the speaker doing?

AReporting a study.

BChairing a meeting.

CTeaching a class.

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18. What should you pay most attention to when taking notes?

AListening.

BReading.

CWriting.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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19. What is an advantage of using symbols in note-taking?

AIt keeps information secret.

BIt leaves space for future use.

CIt makes key words noticeable.

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20. What will the speaker do next?

AAsk a few questions.

BShow some notes.

CMake a summary.

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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A

I am an active playgoer and play-reader, and perhaps my best reason for editing this book is a hope of sharing my enthusiasm for the theater with others. To do this I have searched through dozens of plays to find the ones that I think best show the power and purpose of the short play.

Each play has a theme or central idea which the playwright(剧作家)hopes to get across through dialogue and action. A few characters are used to create a single impression growing out of the theme. It is not my intention to point out the central theme of each of the plays in this collection, for that would, indeed, ruin the pleasure of reading, discussing, and thinking about the plays and the effectiveness of the playwright. However, a variety of types is represented here. These include comedy, satire, poignant drama, historical and regional drama. To show the versatility(多面性)of the short play, I have included a guidance play, a radio play and a television play.

Among the writers of the plays in this collection, Paul Green, Susan Glaspell, Maxwell Anderson, Thornton Wilder, William Saroyan, and Tennessee Williams have all received Pulitzer Prizes for their contributions to the theater. More information about the playwrights will be found at the end of this book.

To get the most out of reading these plays, try to picture the play on stage, with you, the reader, in the audience. The houselights dim(变暗). The curtains are about to open, and in a few minutes the action and dialogue will tell you the story.

21. What do we know about the author from the first paragraph?

AHe has written dozens of plays.

BHe has a deep love for the theater.

CHe is a professional stage actor.

DHe likes reading short plays to others.

22. What does the author avoid doing in his work?

AStating the plays’ central ideas.

BSelecting works by famous playwrights.

CIncluding various types of plays.

DOffering information on the playwrights.

23. What does the author suggest readers do while reading the plays?

AControl their feelings.

BApply their acting skills.

CUse their imagination.

DKeep their audience in mind.

24. What is this text?

AA short story.

BAn introduction to a book.

CA play review.

DAn advertisement for a theater.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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B

The traffic signals along Factoria Boulevard in Bellevue, Washington, generally don’ t flash the same length of green twice in a row, especially at rush hour. At 9:30 am, the full red/yellow/green signal cycle might be 140 seconds. By 9:33 am, a burst of additional traffic might push it to 145 seconds. Less traffic at 9:37 am could push it down to 135. Just like the traffic itself, the timing of the signals changes.

That is by design. Bellevue, a fast-growing city, just east of Seattle, uses a system that is gaining popularity around the US:intersection(十字路口) signals that can adjust in real time to traffic conditions. These lights, known as adaptive signals, have led to significant declines in both the trouble and cost of travels between work and home.

“Adaptive signals can make sure that the traffic demand that is there is being addressed,” says Alex Stevanovic, a researcher at Florida Atlantic University.

For all of Bellevue’   s success, adaptive signals are not a cure-all for jammed roadways. Kevin Balke, a research engineer at the Texas A&M University Transportation Institute, says that while smart lights can be particularly beneficial for some cities, others are so jammed that only a sharp reduction in the number of cars on the road will make a meaningful difference. “It’s not going to fix everything, but adaptive signals have some benefits for smaller cities,” he says.

In Bellevue, the switch to adaptive signals has been a lesson in the value of welcoming new approaches. In the past, there was often an automatic reaction to increased traffic: just widen the roads, says Mark Poch, the Bellevue Transportation Department’s traffic engineering manager. Now he hopes that other cities will consider making their streets run smarter instead of just making them bigger.

25. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 2 refer to?

AIncreased length of green lights.

BShortened traffic signal cycle.

CFlexible timing of traffic signals.

DSmooth traffic flow on the road.

26. What does Kevin Balke say about adaptive signals?

AThey work better on broad roads.

BThey should be used in other cities.

CThey have greatly reduced traffic on the road.

DThey are less helpful in cities seriously jammed.

27. What can we learn from Bellevue’ s success?

AIt is rewarding to try new things.

BThe old methods still work today.

CIt pays to put theory into practice.

DThe simplest way is the best way.

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >
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C

Challenging work that requires lots of analytical thinking, planning and other managerial skills might help your brain stay sharp as you age, a study published Wednesday in the journal Neurology suggests.

Researchers from the University of Leipzig in Germany gathered more than 1, 000 retired workers who were over age 75 and assessed the volunteers’ memory and thinking skills through a battery of tests. Then, for eight years, the scientists asked the same group to come back to the lab every 18 months to take the same sorts of tests.

Those who had held mentally stimulating(刺激), demanding jobs before retirement tended to do the best on the tests. And they tended to lose cognitive(认知)function at a much slower rate than those with the least mentally challenging jobs. The results held true even after the scientists accounted for the participants’    overall health status.

“This works just like physical exercise,” says Francisca Then, who led the study. “After a long run, you may feel like you’re in pain, you may feel tired. But it makes you fit. After a long day at work — sure, you will feel tired, but it can help your brain stay healthy. ”

It’s not just corporate jobs, or even paid work that can help keep your brain fit, Then points out. A waiter’ s job, for example, that requires multitasking, teamwork and decision-making could be just as stimulating as any high-level office work. And “running a family household requires high-level planning and coordinating(协调),” she says. “You have to organize the activities of the children and take care of the bills and groceries.”

Of course, our brains can decline as we grow older for lots of reasons — including other environmental influences or genetic factors. Still, continuing to challenge yourself mentally and keeping your mind busy can only help.

28. Why did the scientists ask the volunteers to take the tests?

ATo assess their health status.

BTo evaluate their work habits.

CTo analyze their personality.

DTo measure their mental ability.

29. How does Francisca Then explain her findings in paragraph 4?

ABy using an expert’s words.

BBy making a comparison.

CBy referring to another study.

DBy introducing a concept.

30. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

ARetired Workers Can Pick Up New Skills

BOld People Should Take Challenging Jobs

CYour Tough Job Might Help Keep You Sharp

DCognitive Function May Decline As You Age

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >
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31. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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36. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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56. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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66.第四部分  写作

第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,你校来自爱尔兰的外教Peter因病回国休假。请给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:1. 询问近况;2. 分享班级最新消息;3. 表达祝愿。

注意:1. 词数80左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

第二节  读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

分值: 40分 查看题目解析 >
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