• 2020年高考真题 英语 (天津卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

1. Jim says we ______ stay in his house as long as we leave it clean and tidy.

Amust

Bcan

Cneed

Dshould

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
1

2. —You are a great swimmer.

—Thanks. It’s because I ______ a lot these days.

Ahave been practising

Bwas practising

Cwould practise

Dhad practised

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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3. —Next time you visit Bob, remember to give him a call in advance.

—______. I will.

AMy pleasure

BNo wonder

CGood point

DNever mind

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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4. ______ us prepare for the exam, the teacher suggested reading through our notes.

ATo help

BHelped

CHelping

DBeing helped

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1

5. —Shall I order a taxi for Sarah to go to the airport tonight?

—______. I’ll drive her there.

AHave a try

BDon’t mention it

CDon’t bother

DGo ahead

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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6. Dr. Rowan, ______ secretary resigned two weeks ago, has had to do all his own typing.

Awhose

Bof whom

Cof which

Dwhich

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7. According to Professor Johnson, we don’t have to read the book if we don’t want to, as it is ______.

Aworthwhile

Bnecessary

Coptional

Dserious

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8. I never worried about my son while I was away because my mother ______ him.

Adrank a toast to

Bplayed a joke on

Ckept an eye on

Dmade an apology to

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9. The number of medical schools reached 18 in the early 1990s and ______ around that level ever since.

Aare remaining

Bhave remained

Cis remaining

Dhas remained

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10. —Why do people like pop music? I hate it so much.

—______ it is not your style, that doesn’t mean it is bad.

AOnly if

BEven though

CNow that

DIn case

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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11. We offered to give Sharon a ride home, but she ______, saying that she felt like walking.

Aunderstood

Baccepted

Ccompromised

Ddeclined

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12. For my fifth birthday, my mother baked me a cake ______ a monkey.

Ain the shape of

Bbeyond the reach of

Cat the mercy of

Don the side of

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13. We can’t ______ buying a new printer for our company. The one we have doesn’t work.

Atake up

Bcarry out

Ckeep on

Dput off

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14. The dancer’s incredible performance had the audience on its feet ______ for 10 minutes at the end of the show.

Abeing clapped

Bclap

Cclapped

Dclapping

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15. The student completed this experiment to make come true ______ Professor Joseph had said.

Athat

Bwhat

Cwhen

Dwhere

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
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第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Detective Ashley Jones works at a police department in England. He has recently made a significant 16 —loneliness is a serious social problem that can contribute to depression and even crimes, but it can be 17 in a clever way. The 18 ? Chat benches.

Jones got the idea after he had talked with an elderly lady who had been cheated of her 19 . The lady would get a call from a stranger every morning who 20 made her believe that he was her friend, and then she lent him about £31,000. Jones was 21 when she said that she didn’t actually 22 being cheated. “Otherwise, I would never speak to another person for weeks on end,” she said.

This led Jones to the conclusion that there are too many extremely 23 people in his community, who are easy targets of cheating. So he 24 to do something about it. He 25 the police department to allow him to 26 a couple of “chat benches” in two of their local parks. Then he hung a colorful sign on each of the benches that 27 :“HAPPY TO CHAT”. Just a few days after the signs went up, he found people sitting there and engaging in active and 28 conversations.

The idea is catching on 29 . There are now over 40 chat benches throughout England. More new chat benches have sprung up across the UK and beyond. All who participated have gained a(n) 30 outcome from getting involved. Jones’ idea has been fully 31 — the “HAPPY TO CHAT” benches help 32 the invisible social barrier that keeps people from saying hello.

This effort is not just a(n) 33 at being community minded — it’s also a 34 measure. It prevents people who are cut off from society falling victim to cheaters.

The Chat Bench is a fantastic new project that 35 those of all ages to interact and get to know each other in the future.

16.

Achoice

Bdiscovery

Cvisit

Dpromise

17.

Aexperienced

Bsuffered

Cprevented

Dfelt

18.

Asolution

Bpuzzle

Cexcuse

Dintention

19.

Apleasure

Bprize

Ccredit

Dmoney

20.

Aeventually

Bfrequently

Cpreviously

Doccasionally

21.

Aashamed

Bshocked

Cexcited

Damused

22.

Amind

Bforgive

Crisk

Denjoy

23.

Aactive

Blonely

Ccautious

Dstubborn

24.

Alearned

Brefused

Cpretended

Ddecided

25.

Aforced

Bordered

Cconvinced

Dtaught

26.

Aput away

Bmake out

Ctear apart

Dset up

27.

Aread

Bclaimed

Cmeant

Dimplied

28.

Aformal

Bjoyful

Cawkward

Dcrazy

29.

Arandomly

Bslowly

Cquickly

Dpurposefully

30.

Apositive

Bdisappointing

Ccorrect

Dembarrassing

31.

Arealized

Bexamined

Cdiscussed

Dformed

32.

Abreak down

Bput up

Ckeep off

Dtake out

33.

Aglance

Battempt

Cknock

Dattack

34.

Aheart-breaking

Brisk-taking

Cface-saving

Dcrime-cutting

35.

Aforbids

Bappoints

Cencourages

Dtroubles

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2.5分,共12.5分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A

How to Use a Modern Public Library

Has it been a while since your last visit to a public library? If so, you may be surprised to learn that libraries have changed for the better. It’s been years since they were dusty little rooms with books. They have transformed themselves into places where you can develop your love of knowledge, meet interesting people, or find out how to start a business.

Check out a book. While libraries still loan out(出借)books, you’ll find it easier to get a copy of whatever you’re looking for, thanks to a cooperative network of area libraries. Via such networks, libraries share their books with each other through the use of delivery a vehicles. Once the book you’ve requested is delivered to the nearest branch, they will inform you by e-mail, so you can pick it up.

Check out other items. The library is now a multimedia zone, loaded with information in many formats(载体形式). You can borrow movies on DVDs, music on CDs, and popular magazines. Some libraries even loan out toys and games. If a popular magazine you want isn’t offered and the library keeps a list of such requests, they may bring it in when enough interest is shown.

Join targeted reading groups. Libraries will often hold reading-group sessions targeted to various age groups. Perhaps you’d like to learn a language or improve your English. The library may sponsor a language group you could join. If you have difficulties reading, ask about special reading opportunities. Your library might be able to accommodate you. And you might find it relaxing to bring your small kid to a half-hour Story Time while you sit quietly in a corner with a good book.

Start a business using the help of your local library. If you want to have a business of your own, your local library can become a launch space for it. In library books and computers, you can find information on starting a business. Many libraries will help you with locally supplied information about business management shared through chambers of commerce(商会)and government agencies, and they will offer printing, faxing and database services you need.

36. Public libraries connected by a cooperative network benefit readers by______.

Asharing their books on the Internet

Bgiving access to online reading at a library branch

Csending a needed book to a library branch nearby

Dmaking the checkout procedures diverse

37. According to Paragraph 3, what items may be checked out from a public library?

AA magazine and an e-book.

BA game and an oil painting.

CA music CD and a kid’s toy.

DA DVD and a video player.

38. As is described in Paragraph 4, taking a small kid to a half-hour Story Time allows ______.

Athe kid to learn a new language

Bthe parent to enjoy quiet reading

Cthe kid to overcome reading difficulties

Dthe parent to meet their program sponsor

39. Your local library can help you start a business by ______.

Aproviding relevant information and supporting services

Boffering professional advice on business management

Csupplying useful information of your potential buyers

Darranging meetings with government officials

40. What is the purpose of the passage?

ATo point out the importance of public libraries.

BTo encourage people to work in public libraries.

CTo introduce the improved services of public libraries.

DTo call for the modernization of public library systems.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2.5分,共12.5分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

“They tell me that you’d like to make a statue(塑像)of me — is that correct, Miss Vinnie Ream?”

The deep, gentle voice helped calm the nervous girl. Asking a favor of the President of the United States was no casual matter, especially for a seventeen-year-old girl.

“Yes, sir,” she replied, her dark eyes meeting his. “I wouldn’t have dared to ask you, but my teacher, Mr. Mills, says I am ready. I plan to make it in an admirable manner. ”

President Lincoln smiled. “Painters, sculptors — they’ve all tried to make the best of this ordinary face, but I’m afraid there’s not much hope. What did you have in mind, Miss Ream? A bust(半身像)?”

Before Vinnie could say yes, the President hurried on, a shade of apology in his voice. “Of course — I shouldn’t have asked. A full-length pose would be much too big a project for a young woman your size. ”

Vinnie’s face turned red. She realized she looked like a child, with her tiny figure. “Small does not mean weak, sir,” she defended herself. “I was born in the country of Wisconsin. I’ve driven teams of horses and carried water. Making a full-length clay(粘土)figure would not exhaust my strength — and that is what I intend to do!”

The President’s eyes, brightened at her show of spirit. “Sorry, madam, I have underestimated you as I didn’t know your background. ”

But his smile faded as he rubbed his beard with bony fingers, in thought. “Miss Ream,” he sighed, “I’d like to let you do it, but as you know, we are in the middle of a war. How could I possibly take the time to pose for a sculpture now? I hardly have a minute to myself. ”

Vinnie glanced around and noted the size of his office. “I work quickly,” she said. Her voice was soft but confident as she pointed to the corner near the windows. “If I were to bring my clay here and work for three hours every afternoon, I could complete most of the project while you are at your desk. ”

The President seemed to consider her idea seriously. He got up and shook Vinnie’s hand warmly, “I’ve heard that you are a talented young woman, and I have found you charming and intelligent as well. I cannot make my decision immediately, but you will hear from me soon. ”

The very next day, Vinnie received an invitation from the President.

41. What gave Vinnie confidence to make her request of President Lincoln?

AHer aggressive personality.

BMr. Mills’s encouraging remark.

CPresident Lincoln’s gentle voice.

DHer interest in a challenging job.

42. How did President Lincoln first respond to Vinnie’s request?

APleased.

BThrilled.

CRegretful.

DDoubtful.

43. Vinnie confirmed her ability to make a full-length statue by highlighting ______.

Aher experience from other projects

Bher innocent childhood in the country

Cthe heavy labor she had done before

Dthe skill she picked up in Wisconsin

44. Vinnie wanted to choose the corner near the windows to ______.

Aachieve effects of natural lighting

Bkeep all her tools within easy reach

Cobserve the President at a right angle

Davoid disturbing the President’s work

45. What message does the story convey?

AA strong-willed soul can reach his goal.

BExperience helps to promote excellence.

CUps and downs make one strong.

DDevotion requires enthusiasm.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2.5分,共12.5分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

For people, who are interested in sound, the field of sound technology is definitely making noise. In the past, sound engineers worked in the back rooms of recording studios, but many of today’s sound professionals are sharing their knowledge and experience with professionals in other fields to create new products based on the phenomenon we call sound.

Sound can be used as a weapon. Imagine that a police officer is chasing a thief. The thief tries to escape. And the officer can’t let him get away. He pulls out a special device, points it at the suspect, and switches it on. The thief drops to the ground. This new weapon is called a Long Range Acoustic Device(LRAD, 远程定向声波发射器). It produces a deafening sound so painful that it temporarily disables a person. The noise from the LRAD is directed like a ray of light and travels only into the ears of that person, but it is not deadly.

For those who hunger for some peace and quiet, sound can now create silence. Let’s say you are at the airport, and the little boy on the seat next to you is humming(哼唱)a short commercial song. He hums it over and over again, and you are about to go crazy. Thanks to the Silence Machine, a British invention, you can get rid of the sound without upsetting the boy or his parents. One may wonder how the Silence Machine works. Well, it functions by analyzing the waves of the incoming sound and creating a second set of outgoing waves. The two sets of waves cancel each other out. Simply turn the machine on point it at the target, and your peace and quiet comes back.

Directed sound is a new technology that allows companies to use sound in much the same way spotlights(聚光灯)are used in the theater. A spotlight lights up only one section of a stage; similarly, a "spotsound" creates a circle of sound in one targeted area. This can be useful for businesses such as restaurants and stores because it offers a new way to attract customers. Restaurants can offer a choice of music along with the various food choices on the menu, allowing customers more control over the atmosphere in which they are dining. Directed sound is also beginning to appear in shopping centers and even at homes.

46. What could be inferred from Paragraph 2 about the effect of the LRAD?

AIt causes temporary hearing loss.

BIt slows down a running man.

CIt makes it easy to identify a suspect.

DIt keeps the suspect from hurting others.

47. The Silence Machine is a device specially designed to ________.

Asilence the people around you

Bremove the sound of commercials

Cblock the incoming sound waves

Dstop unwanted sound from affecting you

48. What feature do spotsounds and spotlights share?

AThey travel in circles.

BThey clear the atmosphere.

CThey can be transformed into energy.

DThey can be directed onto a specific area.

49. Directed sound can be used for ________.

Acreative designs of restaurant menus

Bideal sound effects on the theater stage

Cdifferent choices of music for businesses

Dstrict control over any suspicious customer

50. What does the passage focus on?

AHow professionals invented sound products.

BInventions in the field of sound technology.

CThe growing interest in the study of sound.

DHow sound engineers work in their studios.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2.5分,共12.5分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

After years of observing human nature, I have decided that two qualities make the difference between men of great achievement and men of average performance curiosity and discontent. I have never known an outstanding man who lacked either. And I have never known an average man who had both. The two belong together.

Together, these deep human urges(驱策力)count for much more than ambition. Galileo was not merely ambitious when he dropped objects of varying weights from the Leaning Tower at Pisa and timed their fall to the ground. Like Galileo, all the great names in history were curious and asked in discontent, "Why? Why? Why?"

Fortunately, curiosity and discontent don’t have to be learned. We are born with them and need only recapture them.

"The great man," said Mencius(孟子), "is he who does not lose his child’s heart. "Yet most of us do lose it. We stop asking questions. We stop challenging custom. We just follow the crowd. And the crowd desires only the calm and restful average. It encourages us to occupy our own little corner, to avoid foolish leaps into the dark, to be satisfied.

Most of us meet new people, and new ideas, with hesitation. But once having met and liked them, we think how terrible it would have been, had we missed the chance. We will probably have to force ourselves to waken our curiosity and discontent and keep them awake.

How should you start? Modestly, so as not to become discouraged. I think of one friend who couldn’t arrange flowers to satisfy herself. She was curious about how the experts did it. How she is one of the experts, writing books on flower arrangement.

One way to begin is to answer your own excuses. You haven’t any special ability? Most people don’t; there are only a few geniuses. You haven’t any time? That’s good, because it’s always the people with no time who get things done. Harriet Stowe, mother of six, wrote parts of Uncle Tom’s Cabin while cooking. You’re too old? Remember that Thomas Costain was 57 when he published his first novel, and that Grandma Moses showed her first pictures when she was 78.

However you start, remember there is no better time to start than right now, for you’ll never be more alive than you are at this moment.

51. In writing Paragraph 1, the author aims to ________.

Apropose a definition

Bmake a comparison

Creach a conclusion

Dpresent an argument

52. What does the example of Galileo tell us?

ATrial and error leads to the finding of truth.

BScientists tend to be curious and ambitious.

CCreativity results from challenging authority.

DGreatness comes from a lasting desire to explore.

53. What can you do to recapture curiosity and discontent?

AObserve the unknown around you.

BDevelop a questioning mind.

CLead a life of adventure.

DFollow the fashion.

54. What can we learn from Paragraphs 6 and 7?

AGaining success helps you become an expert.

BThe genius tends to get things done creatively.

CLack of talent and time is no reason for taking no action.

DYou should remain modest when approaching perfection.

55. What could be the best title or the passage?

ACurious Minds Never Feel Contented

BReflections on Human Nature

CThe Keys to Achievement

DNever Too Late to Learn

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

As any younger brother will tell you, having a big brother involvesa lot of walking in someone else’s shadow, especially when you have abrother who is a typical example of "cool". For years I wanted to doeverything my elder brother Tyson did, but no matter how hard I tried, I wasalways the neglected (被忽略的) one. My legs just weren’t made to run like his. I could never playfootball or basketball well.

I probably would have continued trying to keep up with him for therest of my high school career, but when my family moved, everything changed.Tyson left for college, so I had to start at a new school all by myself. Thisnew start gave me an opportunity to redefine myself and discover an entirelynew version of "cool".

I don’t know what made me decide to try some new activities at thenew school, but one day I chanced to show up for an after-school meeting of theScience Olympiad team. I had always been fascinated with chemistry, biology,and math, but since those interests hadn’t fit. Tyson’s definition of"cool", I had never pursued them. On this day, for some reason, Idid.

As we organized teams, prepared resources and practiced answeringquestions, I felt more connected than I ever had to any sports team. I didn’tfeel as though I needed to keep up with anybody else; I was finally with peerswho understood me. It was so good to feel accepted for what I’m good at. Forthe first time in my life, I actually felt cool. Now I know who I am! I’m Tyson’s little brother, butthat’s only part of my identity. I’m a cool guy in my own way, too. I’mrelieved to know that "cool" has a much broader definition than whatI used to think.

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是晨光中学高三学生李津。你校于6月8日举办了成人礼活动,你的英国朋友Chris很想了解该活动。你于当晚给Chris回一封电子邮件,介绍关情况,内容包括:

(1)成人礼活动内容(成长点滴回顾、观看校友抗疫事迹录像等);

(2)对活动的感受;

(3)对自己未来的展望。

注意:

(1)词数不少于100;

(2)可适当加入细节,使内容充实、行文连贯;

(3)开头已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

成人礼 thecoming-of age ceremony

新冠脑炎 COVID-19

Dear Chris,

I’m so glad to hear from you.________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Jin

56. How do you understand the underlined part in Paragraph 1? (no more than 8 words)

57. What changes offered a new start to the author after his family moved? (no more than 15 words)

58. According to Paragraph 3, what marked the turning point in the author’s growth? (no more than 7 words)

59. What does Paragraph 4 mainly talk about? (no more than 10 words)

60. What is your example of “cool”? Please explain why. (no more than 20 words)

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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