• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国II卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1.where dose this conversion take place?

AIn a calssromm.

BIn a hospital

CIn a muscum

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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2.what dose Jack want to do?

ATake fitness classes.

BBuya pair of gym shoes.

CChange his work schedule.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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3.What are the spekers talking about?

AWhat to drink.

BWhere to meet.

CWhere to leave.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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4.What is the relationship between the speakers?

AColleagues.

BClassmates.

CStrangers.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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5. Why is Emily mentioned in the conversation?

AShe might want a ticket

BShe is looking for the man

CShe has an extra ticket

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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6.How long did James run his business

A10 years

B13 years

C15 years.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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7.How does the woman feel about James’ situation.

AEmbarassed

BConcerned

CDisappointed

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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8.What has Kate’s mother decided to do?

AReturn to school.

BChange her job.

CRetire from work.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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9. What did Kates mother study at college?

AOil painting.

BArt history,

CBusiness administration

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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10. what is Kates attitude toward her mother's decision?

ADisapproving

BAmbiguous

CUnderstanding

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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11  What is the man doing?

AChairing a meeting

BHosting a radio program

CConducting a job interview.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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12. What benefits Mary most in her job?

AHer wide reading

BHer leaders' guidance.

CHer friends’ help

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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13. Who will Mary talk about next?

AHer teacher

BHer father

CHer mother

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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14. Why does the man seldom do exercise?

AHe lacks motivation

BHe has a heart problem.

CHe works all the time

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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15. What does Jacob Satelmair probably do?

AHe’s an athlete

BHe’s a researcher

CHe’s a journalist

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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16. Why does the woman peak of a study?

ATo encourage theman

BTo recommend an exercise

CTo support ber findings

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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17. How much time will the man probably spend exercising weekly?

A300 minutes

B150 minutes

C75 minutes

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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18. What did the scientists do to the road?

AThey repaired it

BThey painted it

CThey blocked it

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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19. Why are young

birds drawn to the road surface?

AIt's warm

BIt's browm

CIt's smooth

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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20. What is the purpose of the scientists' experiment?

ATo keep the birds there for a whole year.

BTo help students study the birds well.

CTo prevent the birds from being killed

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小2分,端分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项

Need a job  This Summer?

The provincial government and its partners offer many programs to help students find summerjobs. The deadlines and what you need to apply depend on the program.

Not a student? Go to the govemment website to learn about programs and online toolsavailable to help people under 30 build skills, find a job or start businesses all year round

Jobs for Youth

If you are a teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible(符合条件) for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employment along with training.

Who is eligible: Youth 15-18 years old in select communities(社区).

Summer Company

Summer Company provides students with hands-on business training and awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer business.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15-29, returning to school in the fall.

Stewardship Youth Ranger Program

You could apply to be a Stewardship Youth Ranger and work on local natural resource management projects fro eight weeks this summer.

Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.

Summer Employment Opportunities(机会)

Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, students are hired each year in a variety of summer positions across the Provincial Public Service, its related agencies and community groups.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons with disability.

21. What is special about Summer Company?

AIt requires no training before employment.

BIt provides awards for running new business.

CIt allows one to work in the natural environment.

DIt offers more summer job opportunities.

22. What is the age range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program?

A15-18

B15-24

C15-29

D16-17

23. Which program favors the disabled?

AJobs for Youth.

BSummer Company.

CStewardship Youth Ranger Program.

DSummer Employment Opportunities.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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B

For Canan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogur,N.Y., today is speech day,and right now it’s Chris Palacz’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shinning dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he’s nervous. “I’m here to tell you today why you should… should…” Chris trips on the “Ld”, a pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers, His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is doing amazingly well. When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

A son of immigrants, Chris started learning English a little over three years ago. Whaley recalls(回想起)how at the beginning of the year, when called upon to read, Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.

Learning English as a second language can be a painful experience, What you need is a great teacher who lets you make mistakes, “It takes a lot of any student”, Whaley explains, “especially for a student who is learnig English as their new language, to feel confident enough to say,”I don’t know, but I want to know””

Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president. The answer broke his heart. Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast(夸耀)about themselves. 

“Boasting about yourself,and your best qualities,” Whaley says,“is very difficult for a child who came into the classroom not feeling confident.” 

25. What does the underlined word “stumbles” in paragraph 2 refer to? 

A Improper pauses.  

B Bad manners.  

C Spelling mistakes. 

D Silly jokes. 

26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________. 

A help students see their own strengths  

B assess students’ public speaking skills 

C prepare students for their future jobs 

D inspire students’ love for politics 

27. Which of the following best describes Whaley as a teacher? 

A Humorous.   

B Ambitious.  

C Caring.  

D Demanding. 

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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C

As data and identify theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biometric(生物测量) technologies-like fingerprint scans-to keep others out of private e-spaces, At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.

Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device(装置), thatgetsaroundthis problem: a smart keyboard, This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence with which one types and the pressure fingers apply to each key. The keyboard could offer strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user’s typing and the tome between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people’ identities, and by extension, whether they should be given access to the computer it’s connected to regardiess of whether someone gets the password right.

It also doesn’t require a new type of technology that people aren’t already familiar with everybody uses a keyboard and everybody types differently.

In a study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word “touch”four times using the smart keyboard, Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participant based on how they typed, with very low error rate. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercialize and is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?

ATo reduce pressure on keys

BTo improve accuracy in typing

CTo replace the password system

DTo cut the cost of a-space protection

29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible?

Acomputer are much easier to operate

BFingerprint scanning techniques develop fast

CTyping patterns vary from person to person

DData security measure are guaranteed

30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?

AIt’ll be environment-friendly.

BIt’ll reach consumers soon.

CIt’ll be made of plastics.

DIt’ll help speed up typing

31. Where is this text most likely from?

AA diary

BA guidebook

CA novel.

DA magazine.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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During the rosy years of elementary school(小学).I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground .Then came my tweens and teens ,and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but smoking cigarettes breaking rules and playing jokes on others among whom I soon found myself.

Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology Mitch Prinstein a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories the likable and the status seekers. The likable plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships jump-start interpersonal skills and when tapper early are employed ever after in life and work. Then there’s the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence status born od power and even dishonorable behavior.

Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed. Dr.Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences . Those who were highest in status in high school as well as those least liked in  elementary school are"most likely to engage(从事) in dangerous and risky behavior In one study. Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents. scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys研究).We found that the least well-liked- teens had become more aggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us. Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date -sharing. kindness. openness-carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and connect with others.

34.What did Dr.Prinstein’s study find about the most liked kids?

AThey appeared to be aggressive.

BThey tended to be more adaptable.

CThey enjoyed the highest status.

DThey performed well acadeniceally.

35. What sis the best title for the text?

ABe Nice-You won’t Finish Last

BThe Highest the Status, the Better

CBethe Best-You Can Make It

DMore Self-control, Less Aggressiveness

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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第三部分 请言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短交后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项

Every year about 40.000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro. the highest mountain inAfrica. They 41 with them lots of waste. The 42 might damage the beauty of theplace. The glaciers(冰川) are disappearing, changing the 43 of Kilimanjaro

Hearing these stories, I'm_44 about the place other destinations are described as

"purer” natural expenences.

However, I soon 45 that much has changed since the days of disturbing teports of

46among tons of rubbish. I find a 47mountain, with toilets at camps and alongthe paths. The environmental challenges are 48 but the efforts made by the TaranaNational Park Authority seem to be49.

The best of a Kilimanjaro 50 in my opinion, isn't reaching the top. Mountains are 51as spiritual places by many cultures. This 52 is especially evident on

Kilimanjaroas 53 go through five ecosystems(生态系统) in the space of a few

kilometers. At the base is a rainforest. It ends abruptly at 3,000 meters 54 Lands of lowgrowing plants. Further up. the weather 55 low clouds envelope the mountainsides,which are covered with thick grass. I 56 twelve shades of green from where I standAbove 4,000 meters is the highland 57 gravel (砾石). stones and rocks 58youclimb into an arctic-like zone with 59 snow and the glaciers that may soon disappear.

Does Kilimanjaro 60 its reputation as a crowded mountain with lines of touristsruining the atmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to be true.

41.

Akeep

Bmix

Cconnect

Dbring

42.

Astories

Bbuildings

Ccrowds

Dreporters

43.

Aposition

Bage

Cface

Dname

44.

Aslent

Bskeptical

Cserous

Derary

45.

Adiscover

Bargue

Cdecide

Dadvocate

46.

Aequipment

Bgrass

Ccamps

Dstones

47.

Aremote

Bquiet

Ctall

Dclean

48.

Anew

Bspecial

Csigniticant

Dnecessary

49.

Apaying off

Bspreading out

Cblowing up

Dfading away

50.

Aatmosphere

Bexperience

Cexperiment

Dsight

51.

Astudied

Bobserved

Cexplored

Dregarded

52.

Aview

Bquality

Creason

Dpurpose

53.

Ascientists

Bclimbers

Clocals

Dofficials

54.

Aholding on to

Bgoing back to

Cliving up to

Dgiving way to

55.

Achanges

Bclears

Cimproves

Dpermits

56.

Amatch

Bimagine

Ccount

Dadd

57.

Avillage

Bdesert

Croad

Dlake

58.

AObviously

BEasily

CConsequently

DFinally

59.

Apermanent

Blittle

Cfresh

Dartificial

60.

Aenjoy

Bdeserve

Csave

Dacquire

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
多选题 本大题共1小题,每小题2分,共2分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有多项符合题目要求,全对得2分,选对但不全得1分,有选错的得0分。
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36.第二节 (共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分) 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 

Is Fresh Air Really Good for You? 

We all grew up hearing  people tell us to “go out and get some fresh air”  36     According to recent studies, the answer is a big YES,if the air quality in your camping area is good. 

     37      If the air you’re breathing is clean-which it would be if you’re away from the smog of cities-then the air is filled with life-giving,energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe more deeply, allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain.

Recently,people have begun studying the connection between the natural world and healing(治愈).     38     In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just looking at green, growing things can reduce stress,lower blood pressure,and put people into a better mood(情绪).Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients Who see tree branches out their window are likely to recover at a faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead.      39      It gives us a great feeling of peace.

    40    While the sun's rays can age and harm our skin, they also give us beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D—but still protect your skin— put on sunscreen right as you head outside. It takes sunscreen about fifteen minutes to start working, and that's plenty of time for your skin to absorb a day's worth of Vitamin D. 

A Fresh air cleans our lungs. 

B So what are you waiting for? 

C Being in nature refreshes us. 

D Another side benefit of getting fresh air is sunlight. 

E But is fresh air really as good for you as your mother always said? 

F Just as importantly, we tend to associate air with health care. 

G All across the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共2小题,每小题15分,共30分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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61.第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and some big land masses as far south as Newfoundland. While they are rare north of , there is evidence   61   they range all the way across the Arctic, and as far south as Jarnes Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been   62 (poor) studied; however, biologist calculate that there are about 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.

Modern methods   63 tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive   64 (perform) consistently over a large area. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut   65 (report) increases in bear sightings around human settlement, leading to a   66 (believe) that populations are increasing. Scientists have responded by   67 (note) thathungry bears may be congregating(聚集)around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉)that populations are   68 (high) than they actually are. Of   69 nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six 70 (be) stable, one is increasing, and nine lack enough data.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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71.第二节书面表达

假定你是李华,暑假在伦敦学习,得知当地美术馆要举办中国画展览,请写一封信申请做志愿者,内容包括。1.写信的目的2.个人优势3.能做的事

注意词数100字左右1.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯2.结束语已为你写好

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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