• 2020年高考真题 英语 (全国II卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1.  Where does the conversation probably take place?

AIn a supermarket

BIn the post office

CIn the street

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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2.  What did Carl do?

AHe designed a medal.

BHe fixed a TV set.

CHe took a test.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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3.  What does the man do?

AHe’s a tailor.

BHe’s a waiter.

CHe’s a shop assistant.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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4.  When will the flight arrive?

AAt 18:20.

BAt 18:35.

CAt 18:50.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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5.  How can the man improve his article?

ABy deleting unnecessary words.

BBy adding a couple of points.

CBy correcting grammar mistakes.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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6.  What does Bill often do on Friday night?

AVisit his parents.

BGo do the movies.

CWalk along Broadway.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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7.  Who watches musical plays most often?

ABill

BSarah

CBill’s parents

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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8.  Why does David want to speak to Mike?

ATo invite him to a party.

BTo discuss a schedule.

CTo call off a meeting.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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9.  What do we know about the speakers?

AThey are colleagues.

BThey are close friends.

CThey’ve never met before.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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10.What kind of camera does the man want?

AA TV camera.

BA video camera.

CA movie camera.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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11.Which function is the man most interested in?

AUnderwater filming.

BA large memory.

CAuto-focus.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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12.How much would the man pay for the second camera?

A950 euros.

B650 euros.

C470 euros.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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13.Who is Clifford?

AA little girl.

BThe man’s pet.

CA fictional character.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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14.Who suggested that Norman paint for children’s books?

AHis wife.

BElizabeth.

CA publisher.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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15.What is Norman’s story based on?

AA book.

BA painting.

CA young woman.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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16.What is it that shocked Norman?

AHis unexpected success.

BHis efforts made in vain.

CHis editor’s disagreement.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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17.Who would like to make small talk according to the speaker?

ARelatives.

BStrangers.

CVisitors.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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18.Why do people have small talk?

ATo express opinions.

BTo avoid arguments.

CTo show friendliness.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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19.Which of the following is a frequent topic in small talk?

APolitics.

BMovies.

CSalaries.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
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20.What does the speaker recommend at the end of his lecture?

AAsking open-ended questions.

BFeeling free to change topics.

CMaking small talk interesting.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

The Lake District Attractions Guide

Dalemain Mansion & Historic Gardens

History, Culture & Landscape(景观). Discover and enjoy 4 centuries of history, 5 acres of celebrated and award-winning gardens with parkland walk, Owned by the Hasell family since 1679, home to the International Marmalade Festival. Gifts and antiques, plant sales, museums & Mediaeval Hall Tearoom.

Open: 29 Mar- 29 Oct, Sun to Thurs.

Tearoom, Gardens & Gifts Shop: 10.30 – 17.30 (16:00 in Oct).

House: 11.15 – 16:00 (15.00 in Oct)

Town: Pooley Bridge & Penrith

Abbot Hall Art Gallery & Museum

Those viewing the quality of Abbot Hall’s temporary exhibitions may be forgiven for thinking they are in a city gallery. The impressive permanent collection includes Turners and Romneys and the temporary exhibition programme has Canaletto and the artists from St Ives.

Open: Min to Sat and Summer Sundays.10.30-17.00 Summer,10.30-16.00 Winter.

Town: Kendal

Tullie House Museum & Art Gallery

Discover, explore and enjoy award-winning Tullie House, where historic collections, contemporary art and family fun are brought together in one impressive museum and art gallery. There are four fantastic galleries to visit from fine art to interactive fun, so there’s something for everyone!

Open: High Season 1 Apr-31 Oct: Mon to Sat 10.00-17.00,Sun 11.00-17.00.

Low Season 1 Nov-31 Mar: Mon to Sat 10.00-16.30,Sun 12.00-16.30

Town: Carlisle

Dove Cottage & The Wordsworth Museum

Discover William Wordsworth’s inspiration home. Take a tour of his Lakeland cottage, walk through his hillside garden and explore the riches of the collection in the Museum. Visit the shop and relax in the café. Exhibitions, events and family activities throughout the year.

Open: Daily,0.30-17.30(last admission 17.00).

Town: Grasmere

21. Where is the House at Dalemain Mansion & Historic Gardens open on Sundays in July?

A09.30-17.30

B10.30-16.00

C11.15-16.00

D12.00-16.30

22. What can visitors do at Abbot Hall Art Gallery & Museum?

AEnjoy Romney’s works.

BHave some interactive fun.

CAttend a famous festival

DLearn the history of a family

23. Where should visitors go if they want to explore Wordsworth’s life?

APenrith

BKendal

CCarlisle

DGrasmere

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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B

Some parents will buy any high-tech toy if they think it will help their child, but researchers said puzzles help children with math-related skills.

Psychologist Susan Levine, an expert on mathematics development in young children at the University of Chicago, found children who play with puzzles between ages 2 and 4 later develop better spatial skills. Puzzle play was found to be a significant predictor of cognition(认知) after controlling for differences in parents’income, education and the amount of parent talk, Levine said.

The researchers analyzed video recording of 53 child-parent pairs during everyday activities at home and found children who play with puzzles between 26 and 46 months of age have better spatial skills when assessed at 54 months of age.

“The children who played with puzzles performed better than those who did not, on tasks that assessed their ability to rotate(旋转) and translate shapes,” Levine said in a statement.

The parents were asked to interact with their children as they normally would, and about half of the children in the study played with puzzles at one time. Higher-income parents tended to have children play with puzzles more frequently, and both boys and girls who played with puzzles had better spatial skills. However, boys tended to play with more complex puzzles than girls, and the parents of boys provided more spatial language and were more active during puzzle play than the parents of girls.

The findings were published in the journal Development Science.

24. In which aspect do children benefit from puzzle play?

ABuilding confidence.

BDeveloping spatial skills

CLearning self-control.

DGaining high-tech knowledge.

25. What did Levine take into consideration when designing her experiment?

AParents’age.

BChildren’s imagination .

CParents’education.

DChild-parent relationship.

26. How do boys differ from girls in puzzle play?

AThey play with puzzles more often.

BThey tend to talk less during the game.

CThey prefer to use more spatial language.

DThey are likely to play with tougher puzzles.

27. What is the text mainly about?

AA mathematical method.

BA scientific study

CA woman psychologist.

DA teaching program.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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C

When you were trying to figure out what to buy for the environmentalist on your holiday list, fur probably didn’t cross your mind. But some ecologists and fashion(时装) enthusiast are trying to bring back the market for fur made from nutria(海狸鼠).

Unusual fashion shows in New Orleans and Brooklyn have showcased nutria fur made into clothes in different styles.“It sounds crazy to talk about guilt-free fur – unless you understand that the nutria are destroying vast wetlands every year,” says Cree McCree, project director of Righteous Fur.

Scientists in Louisiana were so concerned that they decided to pay hunters $5 a tail. Some of the fur ends up in the fashion shows like the one in Brooklyn last month.

Nutria were brought there from Argentina by fur farmers and let go into the wild. “The ecosystem down there can’t handle this non-native species(物种). It’s destroying the environment. It’s them or us,” says Michael Massimi, an expert in this field.

The fur trade kept nutria in check for decades, but when the market for nutria collapsed in the late 1980s, the cat-sized animals multiplied like crazy.

Biologist Edmond Mouton runs the nutria control program for Louisiana. He says it’s not easy to convince people that people that nutria fur is green, but he has no doubt about it. Hunters bring in more than 300,000 nutria tails a year, so part of Mouton’s job these days is trying to promote fur.

Then there’s Righteous Fur and its unusual fashions. Model Paige Morgan says,“To give people a guilt-free option that they can wear without someone throwing paint on them – I think that’s going to be a massive thing, at least here in New York.” Designer Jennifer Anderson

admits it took her a while to come around to the opinion that using nutria fur for her creations is morally acceptable. She’s trying to come up with a label to attach to nutria fashions to show it is eco-friendly.

28. What is the purpose of the fashion shows in New Orleans and Brooklyn?

ATo promote guilt-free fur.

BTo expand the fashion market.

CTo introduce a new brand.

DTo celebrate a winter holiday.

29. Why are scientists concerned about nutria?

ANutria damage the ecosystem seriously.

BNutria are an endangered species.

CNutria hurt local cat-sized animals.

DNutria are illegally hunted.

30. What does the underlined word "collapsed" in paragraph 5 probably mean?

ABoomed.

BBecame mature.

CRemained stable.

DCrashed.

31. What can we infer about wearing fur in New York according to Morgan?

AIt's formal.

BIt's risky,

CIt's harmful.

DIt's traditional.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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D

I have a special place in my heart for libraries. I have for as long as I can remember. I was always an enthusiastic reader, sometimes reading up to three books a day as a child. Stories were like air to me and while other kids played ball or went to parties, I lived out adventures through the books I checked out from the library,

My first job was working at the Ukiah Library when I was 16 years old. It was a dream job and I did everything from shelving books to reading to the children for story time.

As I grew older and became a mother, the library took on a new place and an added meaning in my life. I had several children, and books were our main source (来源) of entertainment. It was a big deal for us to load up and go to the local library, where my kids could pick out books to read or books they wanted me to read to them.

I always read, using different voices, as though I were acting out the stories with my voice and they loved it! It was a special time to bond with my children and it filled them with the wonderment of books.

Now, I see my children taking their children to the library and I love that the excitement of going to the library lives on from generation to generation.

As a novelist, I've found a new relationship with libraries. I encourage readers to go to their local library when they can't afford to purchase a book. I see libraries as a safe haven (避风港)for readers and writers, a bridge that helps put together a reader with a book. Libraries, in their own way, help fight book piracy (盗版行为) and I think all writers should support libraries in a significant way when they can. Encourage readers to use the library. Share library announcements on your social media. Frequent them and talk about them when you can.

32. Which word best describes the author's relationship with books as a child?

ACooperative.

BUneasy.

CInseparable.

DCasual.

33. What does the underlined phrase "an added meaning" in paragraph 3 refer to?

APleasure from working in the library.

BJoy of reading passed on in the family.

c. Wonderment from acting out the stories.

CA closer bond developed with the readers.

34. What does the author call on other writers to do?

ASponsor book fairs.

BWrite for social media.

CSupport libraries.

DPurchase her novels.

35. Which can be a suitable title for the text?

AReading: A Source of Knowledge

BMy Idea about Writing

CLibrary: A Haven for the Young

DMy Love of the Library

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)

      根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Emoji (表情符号) andWorkplace Communication

      In Asia, messaging platforms are growing rapidly, with usersin the hundreds of millions, both at work and play. __36__. It's been reportedthat 76 percent of employees in some western countries are using emojis atwork.

      Writtencommunications can often read as cold and dull. Using emojis can add humor and feeling,keeping intention clear. ___37__, encouraging better and more frequentcommunication.

      Inany given office, employees can range from age 22 to 70 and beyond, and findingcommon ground in communication style can be a challenge. __38__. While the youngergenerations prefer to communicate visually, for those used to working withtraditional tools like email, it may feel like a learning curve (曲线). The good news is thatit's simple to learn and can be worth the effort.

      Thereis also the matter of tone (语气). Who hasn't received an email so annoying that it ruined an entireday? __39__. Emoji can help communication feel friendlier, and even a seriousnote can be softened with an encouraging smile.

      __40__and emoji can contribute directly to that positive outcome. And when your employeesbegin adding smiling emojis to their business communication, you'll know you havesucceeded in improving your work culture.

AMessages with emojis feel more conversational

BEven a formal email can seem cold and unfriendly

CSending smiling faces to colleagues may seem strange

DThe popularity of these platforms is spreading globally

EGiving employees the tools enables them to communicate honestly

FStudies show that friendlier communication leads to a happier workplace

GAn easy way to bring all work generations together is with a chat platform

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共65分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5 分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It was just after sunrise on a June morning, “Nicolo,” whose real name cannot be__41__to the public because of Italy's privacy laws, __42__ working the whole night at a factory in Turin. As he often did, he stopped by the “after work auction (拍卖)”__43__ by the Italian police where things__44__ on the trains were sold to the highest bidder. There, among many other things, Nicolo spotted two paintings he thought would look __45__ above his dining room table. Nicolo and another bidder__46__ until Nicolo finally won the paintings for $32.

When Nicolo retired and went to live in Sicily, he   47   the paintings with him. He hung them above the same table he had   48   from Turin. His son, age 15, who had   49_ an art appreciation class, thought that there was something   50   about the one with a young girl sitting on a garden chair. It was signed (签名) “Bonnato” or so he thought, but when he  51   it, he only found “Bonnard, ”a French  52  he had never heard of. He bought a book and was  53  to find a picture of the artist Pierre Bonnard sitting on the same chair in the same  54  as his father's painting

“That’s the garden in our picture. ”Nicolo'son told his father. They  55  learned that the painting they 56  was called “The Girl with Two Chairs.”They  57  the other painting and learned that it was  58  Paul Gauguin's “Still Life of Fruit on a Table with a Small Dog.”The  59   called the Italian Culture Ministry; the official confirmed that the paintings were  60 and worth as much as $50 million.

41. A. attached B. allocated C. exposed D. submitted

42. A. finished B. delayed C. considered D. tried

43. A. attended B. reserved C. cancelled D. run

44. A. shown  B. found C. kept D. hidden

45. A. nice B. familiar C. useful D. real

46. A. battled B. debated C. discussed D. bargained

47. A. held B. left C. registered D. brought

48. A. chosen B. received C. ordered D. moved

49. A. missed B. failed C. taken D. led

50. A. concrete B. unusual C. unappealing D. natural

51. A. appreciated B. touched C. researched D. witnessed

52. A painter B. designer C. author D. actor

53. A. expected B. surprised C. anxious D.ready

54. A. room B. kitchen C. hall D. garden

55. A. apparently B. confidently C. eventually D. temporarily

56. A. owned B. borrowed C. sold D. stole

57. A. collected B. cleaned C. framed D. studied

58. A. suitably B. actually C. rightly D.specifically

59. A. girl B. artist C. family D. police

60. A. copies B. originals C. models D. presents

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第四部分  写作 (共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下信件内容。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划—横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Decorating with Plants, Fruits and Flowers for Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year is a 61.【】(celebrate)marking the end of the winter season and the beginning of spring. This is why decorating with plants, fruits and flowers 62.【】(carry)special significance. They represent the earth 63.【】(come) back to life and best wishes for new beginnings.

These are some of the most popular in many parts of the country:

Oranges: Orange trees are more  64.【】decoration; they are a symbol of good fortune and wealth. They make great gifts and you see them many times 65.【】(decorate)with red envelopes and messages of good fortune.

Bamboo: Chinese love their "Lucky Bamboo" plants and you will see them often in their homes and offices.66.【】(certain) during the holiday period, this plant is a must. Bamboo plants are associated 67. 【】 health, abundance and a happy home. They are easy 68.【】(care)for and make great presents.

Branches of Plum blossoms(梅花):The 69.【】(beauty) long branches covered with pink-colored buds (蓓蕾) make fantastic decorations. The plum trees are 70.【】 first to flower even as the snow is melting(融化). They represent the promise of spring and a renewal of life.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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