• 2018年高考真题 英语 (天津卷)
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简答题(综合题) 本大题共105分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. —Wasn’t Joan supposed to be here by now?

—___________. She will be here in about twenty minutes.

AAll right

BDon’t worry

CNo wonder

DEnjoy yourself

2. Kate, _________sister I shared a room with when we were at college, has gone to work in Australia.

Awhom

Bthat

Cwhose

Dher

3. At first Robert wouldn’t let his daughter go diving, but eventually he___________ as she was so confident about her skills.

Agave in

Bdressed up

Cbroke in

Dturned up

4. Let’s not pick these peaches until this weekend ___________they get sweet enough to be eaten.

Aever since

Bas if

Ceven though

Dso that

5. —I’m moving in a few days and I wonder if you could help.

—___________. Just let me know when, and I’ll be there.

AYou bet

BIt depends

CForget it

DNo kidding

6. The__________ that there is life on other planets in the universe has always inspired scientists to explore the outer space.

Aadvice

Border

Cpossibility

Dinvitation

7. I need a new passport so I will have to have my photograph ___________.

Ataking

Btaken

Cbeing taken

Dtake

8. It took him a long time to___________ the skills he needed to become a good dancer.

Adisplay

Bacquire

Cteach

Dtest

9. The gold medal will be awarded to ___________ wins the first place in the bicycle race.

Awhomever

Bwherever

Cwhoever

Dwhatever

10. I can’t find my purse. I___________ it in the supermarket yesterday, but I’m not sure.

Ashould leave

Bmust have left

Cmight leave

Dcould have left

11. Bob thought he couldn’t go to the party because he had to write a report, but he went ___________.

Aat first

Bafter all

Cabove all

Dat random

12. I didn’t mean ___________anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help_______ it.

Ato eat; to try

Beating; trying

Ceating; to try

Dto eat; trying

13. My washing machine ___________this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.

Awas repaired

Bis repaired

Cis being repaired

Dhas been repaired

14. It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.

Awhich

Bthat

Cwhen

Dwhere

15. If we ___________the flight yesterday, we would be enjoying our holiday on the beach now.

Ahad caught

Bcaught

Chave caught

Dwould catch

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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16.第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  16  .

I learned this lesson from a(n)  17   many years ago. I took the head  18   job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.

It was a tradition for the school’s old team to play against the  19   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didn’t even practice to  20   the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldn’t  21   I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  22   that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  23   me. I had to change my  24  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  25  . Most important, I began to treat them like  26  . That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  27  , we met every day and  28  passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our   29  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  30  . Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  31  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasn’t what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  32  of my life!

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  33   the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  34  them. I helped them to see themselves  35  , and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

16. A. luck            B. tests                    C. efforts                    D. nature

17. A. experiment     B. experience                 C. visit                     D. show

18. A. operating         B. editing                 C. consulting                D. coaching

19. A. successful         B. excellent                 C. strong                 D. new

20. A. cheer for         B. prepare for             C. help with                 D. finish with

21. A. believe         B. agree                     C. describe                 D. regret

22. A. realize         B. claim                     C. permit                     D. demand

23. A. reacting to         B. looking for             C. depending on         D.caring about

24. A. decision         B. attitude                 C. conclusion             D. intention

25. A. pride             B. culture                 C. fortune             D.relationship

26. A. leaders         B. partners                 C. winners                 D. learners

27. A. rewards         B. vacations                 C. health                 D. honor

28. A. risked         B. missed                 C. considered                 D. practiced

29. A. defeat         B. decline                 C. accident             D. mistake

30. A. relax             B. improve                 C. expand                 D. defend

31. A. shame         B. burden                 C. victory                 D. favor

32. A. chances           B. thrills                 C. concerns                 D. offers

33. A. surprise         B. serve                  C. interest                   D. affect

34. A. encouraged     B. observed                 C. protected             D. impressed

35. A. honestly         B. individually             C. calmly                 D. differently

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2. 5分,满分50分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Fire Prevention Information

The University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置) systems, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They also provide educational programs on fire safety in the residence halls. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.

Fire Alarms

The floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual(手动的) fire alarm systems which include fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper with(胡乱摆弄) these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment.

Fire Drills

A fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, please do the following:

·Take your room key and ID, close and lock the door to your room.

·Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit; do not use a lift.

·Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions.

Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property. Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.

Smoke Detectors

A smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe operation of your smoke detector:

●If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. If the red light is not blinking(闪动), contact residence hall staff immediately.

●Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way.

●If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke, inform your hall staff.

36. What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionals?

ATo provide part-time jobs for students.

BTo lead the students to the nearest exits.

CTo check and maintain fire prevention equipment.

DTo train teachers to be fire prevention professionals.

37. What do the automatic fire alarm systems include?

APipes and smoke detectors.

BSmoke detectors and sprinklers.

CFire alarm pull stations and pipes.

DSprinklers and fire alarm pull stations.

38. In a fire drill, the students should ___________.

Arush quickly to a lift

Bgather at the nearest exit

Cshut the door and leave at once

Dwait for instructions in the hall

39. What do we know about the use of fire extinguishers?

AUsing them wrongly results in punishment.

BIrresponsible use of them can damage them.

CImproper use of them can destroy the apartment.

DUsing them without a trainer present is forbidden.

40. To ensure the safe operation of the smoke detector, one should_________.

Acontact the hall staff regularly

Bcover the things that burn easily

Cstart the smoke detector in a fire

Dmake certain the red light is working

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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B

When I was 17, I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay. She had requested the community to turn it into a museum upon her death. On a sunny Saturday, Sally and I drove over to the museum. She asked, "Do you have the address? ""No, but I’ll recognize it, there was a picture in the magazine. "

"Oh, stop. There it is!”

The museum was free. We entered, excited. A group of people sitting in the hall stopped talking and stared at us.

"May I help you?" a man asked. "No, "I said. "We’re fine.” Tour guides got on my nerves. What if they talked a long time about a painting you weren’t that interested in? Sally had gone upstairs. The people in the hall seemed very nosy(爱窥探的), keeping their eyes on me with curiosity. What was their problem? I saw some nice sculptures in one room. Suddenly I sensed a man standing behind me. "Where do you think you are? " he asked. I turned sharply. "The McNay Art Museum!" He smiled, shaking his head. "Sorry, the McNay is on New Braunfels Street." "What’s this place?” I asked, still confused. "Well, it’s our home." My heart jolted(震颤). I raced to the staircase and called out, "Sally! Come down immediately! "

"There’s some really good stuff(艺术作品) up there." She stepped down, looking confused. I pushed her toward the front door, waving at the family, saying, "Sorry, please forgive us, you have a really nice place." Outside, when I told Sally what happened, she covered her mouth, laughing. She couldn’t believe how long they let us look around without saying anything.

The real McNay was splendid, but we felt nervous the whole time we were there. Van Gogh, Picasso. This time, we stayed together, in case anything else unusual happened.

Thirty years later, a woman approached me in a public place. "Excuse me, did you ever enter a residence, long ago, thinking it was the McNay Museum? "

"Yes. But how do you know? We never told anyone. "

"That was my home. I was a teenager sitting in the hall. Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in. I never felt lucky before. You thought it was a museum. My feelings about my home changed after that. I’ve always wanted to thank you."

41. What do we know about Marian McNay?

AShe was a painter.

BShe was a community leader.

CShe was a museum director.

DShe was a journalist.

42. Why did the author refuse the help from the man in the house?

AShe disliked people who were nosy.

BShe felt nervous when talking to strangers.

CShe knew more about art than the man.

DShe mistook him for a tour guide.

43. How did the author feel about being stared at by the people in the hall?

APuzzled.

BConcerned.

CFrightened.

DDelighted.

44. Why did the author describe the real McNay museum in just a few words?

AThe real museum lacked enough artwork to interest her.

BShe was too upset to spend much time at the real museum.

CThe McNay was disappointing compared with the house.

DThe event happening in the house was more significant.

45. What could we learn from the last paragraph?

APeople should have good taste to enjoy life.

BPeople should spend more time with their family.

CPeople tend to be blind to the beauty around them.

DPeople tend to educate teenagers at a museum.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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C

There’s a new frontier in 3D printing that’s beginning to come into focus: food. Recent development has made possible machines that print, cook, and serve foods on a mass scale. And the industry isn’t stopping there.

Food production

With a 3D printer, a cook can print complicated chocolate sculptures and beautiful pieces for decoration on a wedding cake. Not everybody can do that — it takes years of experience, but a printer makes it easy. A restaurant in Spain uses a Foodini to “re-create forms and pieces” of food that are “exactly the same,” freeing cooks to complete other tasks. In another restaurant, all of the dishes and desserts it serves are 3D-printed, rather than farm to table.

Sustainability(可持续性)

The global population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by 2050, and some analysts estimate that food production will need to be raised by 50 percent to maintain current levels. Sustainability is becoming a necessity. 3D food printing could probably contribute to the solution. Some experts believe printers could use hydrocolloids (水解胶体) from plentiful renewables like algae(藻类) and grass to replace the familiar ingredients(烹饪原料). 3D printing can reduce fuel use and emissions. Grocery stores of the future might stock "food" that lasts years on end, freeing up shelf space and reducing transportation and storage requirements.

Nutrition

Future 3D food printers could make processed food healthier. Hod Lipson, a professor at Columbia University, said, “Food printing could allow consumers to print food with customized nutritional content, like vitamins. So instead of eating a piece of yesterday’s bread from the supermarket, you’d eat something baked just for you on demand.”

Challenges

Despite recent advancements in 3D food printing, the industry has many challenges to overcome. Currently, most ingredients must be changed to a paste(糊状物) before a printer can use them, and the printing process is quite time-consuming, because ingredients interact with each other in very complex ways. On top of that, most of the 3D food printers now are restricted to dry ingredients, because meat and milk products may easily go bad. Some experts are skeptical about 3D food printers, believing they are better suited for fast food restaurants than homes and high-end restaurants.

46. What benefit does 3D printing bring to food production?

AIt helps cooks to create new dishes.

BIt saves time and effort in cooking.

CIt improves the cooking conditions.

DIt contributes to restaurant decorations.

47. What can we learn about 3D food printing from Paragraphs 3?

AIt solves food shortages easily.

BIt quickens the transportation of food.

CIt needs no space for the storage of food.

DIt uses renewable materials as sources of food.

48. According to Paragraph 4, 3D-printed food _____________.

Ais more available to consumers

Bcan meet individual nutritional needs

Cis more tasty than food in supermarkets

Dcan keep all the nutrition in raw materials

49. What is the main factor that prevents 3D food printing from spreading widely?

AThe printing process is complicated.

B3D food printers are too expensive.

CFood materials have to be dry.

DSome experts doubt 3D food printing.

50. What could be the best title of the passage?

A3D Food Printing: Delicious New Technology

BA New Way to Improve 3D Food Printing

CThe Challenges for 3D Food Production

D3D Food Printing: From Farm to Table

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Give yourself a test. Which way is the wind blowing? How many kinds of wildflowers can be seen from your front door? If your awareness is as sharp as it could be, you’ll have no trouble answering these questions.

Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. A child’s day is filled with fascination, newness and wonder. Curiosity gave us all a natural awareness. But distinctions that were sharp to us as children become unclear; we are numb(麻木的) to new stimulation(刺激), new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits.

The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first.

Another block to awareness is the obsession(痴迷) many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, a "ruby-crowned kinglet" and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing.

The pressures of "time" and "destination" are further blocks to awareness. I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them. I asked them what they’d seen. "Oh, a few birds," they said. They seemed bent on their destinations.

Nature seems to unfold to people who watch and wait. Next time you take a walk, no matter where it is, take in all the sights, sounds and sensations. Wander in this frame of mind and you will open a new dimension to your life.

51. According to Paragraph 2, compared with adults, children are more _____________.

Aanxious to do wonders

Bsensitive to others’ feelings

Clikely to develop unpleasant habits

Deager to explore the world around them

52. What idea does the author convey in Paragraph 3?

ATo avoid jumping to conclusions.

BTo stop complaining all the time.

CTo follow the teacher’s advice.

DTo admit mistakes honestly.

53. The bird watchers’ behavior shows that they ____________.

Aare very patient in their observation

Bare really fascinated by nature

Ccare only about the names of birds

Dquestion the accuracy of the field guides

54. Why do the hikers take no notice of the surroundings during the journey?

AThe natural beauty isn’t attractive to them.

BThey focus on arriving at the camp in time.

CThe forest in the dark is dangerous for them.

DThey are keen to see rare birds at the destination.

55. In the passage, the author intends to tell us we should __________.

Afill our senses to feel the wonders of the world

Bget rid of some bad habits in our daily life

Copen our mind to new things and ideas

Dtry our best to protect nature

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

第三部分:写作

第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

Some people live to climb the highest mountains. Some people live only dreaming about it while others live to avoid ever climbing at all. But one thing is certain, all people encounter mountains in their life.

When I was a little girl, my family moved to a tiny town at the bottom of a big mountain. One day after school, while exploring the green woods of this magnificent mountain, I almost fell on a set of stairs. What could these steps lead to? Curiosity got the best of me as I knew it would be starting to get dark soon. I started climbing up those strangely mysterious steps.

I climbed and climbed. There was nothing but just green bushes and these steps. I had to reach the top! But it was now getting real dark. If I kept going I might not be able to see my way back. My mum would be worried sick if I didn’t come home soon. So I ran back home almost in the dark while trying not to get too scared.

Anxiously I went to bed dreaming about what I would find at the top of this magical mountain. Could there be a castle up there? Maybe I would find a monster(怪物). Maybe I was taking the risk of never coming back home. Or, maybe all I would find was absolutely nothing! But something inside me was going to climb that mountain at all cost. I could hardly wait to try this adventure again.

Now we live in a world surrounded by the "can’t do" attitudes. We all fall down. We all have doubts and regrets. Still we must climb and dream about what’s at the top of our mountain. Monsters may appear or the night will fall. But never ever give up on your dream! Never let anyone tell you, "You can’t." Dream big and climb high!

56. What made the author start to climb up the stairs to the mountain top? (no more than 5 words)

57. Why did the author hurry back home without reaching the top of the mountain? Give two reasons. (no more than 15 words)

58. How would you describe the author in terms of personalities according to Paragraph 4? (no more than 10 words)

59. How do you understand the underlined sentence in the last paragraph? (no more than 5 words)

60. What’s your attitude towards the "mountain" in your life? Please explain. (no more than 20 words)

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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61.

假设你是晨光中学的机器人兴趣小组组长李津,你的美国朋友Chris就读于天津某国际学校,他曾在机器人技能竞赛中获奖。你打算邀请他加入你的团队,参加即将于7月底在天津举行的世界青少年机器人技能竞赛。请根据以下提示代表兴趣小组给他写一封电子邮件。

(1)比赛的时间、地点;

(2)邀请他的原因;

(3)训练计划将发送其邮箱,请他提出建议。

注意:

(1)词数不少于100;

(2)可适当加入细节,使内容充实、行文连贯;

(3)开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

世界青少年机器人技能竞赛 the World Adolescent Robotics Competition

Dear Chris,

I have good news to tell you. ______________________________________________________________

此处不能答题

I’m looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

·Li Jin

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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