• 英语 沈阳市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共55分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Hello. I’m Jan from Mrs. Lake’s class. My class wants to work together to help the public. We think we have found a great way to do this. Last month we did a class project on the highways near our town. We learned about the Adopt-a-Highway Program. This program brings people together to pick up litter along the roads. We think it would be a great idea for all students in our school to join the program and adopt a highway.

Adopting a highway is not like adopting a pet. When a highway is adopted, only part of the highway is cared for by a group of people. The group agrees to work every week to keep its part of the highway clean. Each group gets its own sign that has the name of the group printed on it. The sign is put up at the side of the road. This sign lets drivers know who is keeping that area of the road clean.

The Adopt-a-Highway Program is a great way for people to help their environment look nicer. Also, the government does not have to send out as many road workers. This saves money. Finally, people may try harder to keep roads clean if they see people, especially teenagers like us, cleaning them up.

We will need helpers to care for our adopted highway. If you want to feel great and keep our roads clean,please come with your parents to the meeting next week. We will meet in Mrs. Lake’ room on Wednesday at 6:00 P.M. At the meeting, we will talk about which roads are the dirtiest as a result of people's unkind acts. Then we' ll try to pick an area to adopt and clean.

I look forward to seeing you at the meeting. Remember to keep our roads clean!

【语篇导读】本文是一篇演讲,通过介绍了“公路保养”这一项目的措施和进展,说明其目的合一,从而呼吁学生参与其中,提高环保意识。

1.What is the Adopt-a-Highway Program about? ( )

AGiving names to the highways.

BDrawing pictures of highways.

CPicking up litter along the roads.

DPutting up signs near the roads.

2. What should the students do first if they want to join the program? ( )

APick a spot to care for.

BCall Mrs. Lake next week.

CWrite a letter to their parents.

DGo to a meeting on Wednesday.

3.What is the purpose of this speech? ( )

ATo encourage students to join the program.

BTo introduce the traffic system.

CTo show drivers how to drive safely.

DTo tell a story about adopting a pet.

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? ( )

AAdopt-a-Pet

BAdopt-a-Highway

CWays to Protect the Environment

DVolunteers on Roads

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Everywhere I look outside my home I see people busy on their high-tech devices, while driving, walking, shopping, even sitting in toilets. People have been influenced to become technology addicted. One study found that people had a harder time resisting the allure of social media than they did for sleep, cigarettes and alcohol.

The main goal of technology companies is to get people to spend more money and time on their products, not to actually improve our quality of life. They have successfully created a cultural disease. Consumers willingly give up their freedom, money and time to catch up on the latest information, to keep pace with their peers or to appear modern.

I see people trapped in a pathological(病态的)relationship with time-sucking technology, where they serve technology more than technology serves them. I call this technology servitude. I am referring to a loss of personal freedom and independence because of uncontrolled consumption of many kinds of devices that eat up time and money.

What is a healthy use of technology devices? That is the vital question. Who is really in charge of my life? That is what people need to ask themselves if we are to have any chance of breaking up false beliefs about their use of technology. When we can live happily without using so much technology for a day or a week, then we can regain control and personal freedom, become the master of technology and discover what there is to enjoy in life free of technology. Mae West is famous for proclaiming(声明) the wisdom that “too much of a good thing is wonderful.”  But it’s time to discover that it does not work for technology.

Richard Fernandez, an executive coach at Google acknowledged that “we can be swept away by our technologies.”  To break the grand digital connection, people must consider how life long ago could be fantastic without today’s overused technology.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,作者通过描述电子产品对人们生活的影响引出对科技的思考,从而对人类应该如何积极使用科技产品给予了建议,发人深思。

5. The underlined word “allure” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.( )

Aadvantage

Battraction

Cadaption

DAttempt

6. From the passage, technology companies aim to ______.( )

Aattract people to buy their products

Bprovide the latest information

Cimprove people’s quality of life

Ddeal with cultural diseases

7. It can be inferred from this passage that people ______.( )

Aconsider too much technology wonderful

Bhave realized the harm of high-tech devices

Ccan regain freedom without high-tech devices

Dmay enjoy life better without overused technology

8. What’s the author’s attitude towards the overusing of high-tech devices? ( )

ANeutral.

BSceptical.

CDisapproving.

DSympathetic.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Elizabeth Mitchell’s new “Liberty’s Torch” is the fascinating story of how the Statue of Liberty came to be. The Statue of Liberty’s rough history is explored in “Liberty’s Torch”.

Frederic Auguste Bartholdi is an all-but-forgotten figure in American history. He was, however, responsible for one of the most enduring symbols of the United States: the Statue of Liberty. A Frenchman from Alsace, he designed and built the Statue of Liberty which stood on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor. How this statue came to be is the fascinating subject of Elizabeth Michell’s new book “Liberty’s Torch”.

The power of Mitchell’s narrative is convincing(令人信服的). We recognize the Statue of Liberty now as a symbol of hope and opportunity for a nation of immigrants. At the time, though, people could not see that-nor did they even imagine that. Instead, the construction of the statue was born of one man’s desire to set up a great monument.

For this reason, perhaps, “Liberty’s Torch” relies on Bartholdi as the connecting thread. Bartholdi went to Egypt to make photographic copies of the main monuments. On the boat, Bartholdi met and began a lifelong relationship with Ferdinand de Lesseps, the man who would build the Suez Canal. Maybe it was this friendship, or maybe it was seeing Egypt’s huge monuments, but finally the trip inspired Bartholdi’s dream to create the largest statue ever built. Failure to bring this to completion in Egypt, followed by his exile (流放) from Paris, led Bartholdi to sail to America.

By explaining the Statue of Liberty’s hard history and showing Bartholdi’s brave spirit, Mitchell has done a great service.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,讲述Elizabeth Mitchell的作品“自由火炬”中所提及的历史引出自由女神像背后的故事,最后对该书给予了正面评价。

9.It can be inferred from the text that ________.( )

AAmerican people have never forgotten Frederic August Bartholdi

Bthe Statue of Liberty wasn’t originally regarded as a symbol of hope

CBartholdi finished the Suez Canal

DBartholdi was a famous architect from Egypt.

10.What was the main reason for Bartholdi to build the Statue of Liberty? ( )

ATo finish his education in the arts.

BTo mark his friendship with Ferdinand.

CTo create something better than Egyptian monuments.

DTo achieve his dream to create the largest statue.

11.What type of writing is the passage? ( )

AA travel guide.

BA book review

CAn announcement

DAn architecture report.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

In 1977, Irene Pepperberg of Harvard University began studying what was on another creature’s mind by talking to it. Her first experiments began with Alex. Alex was a one-year-old African grey parrot and Irene taught him to produce the sounds of the English language. “I thought if he learned to communicate, I could ask him questions about how he sees the world.”

At the time, most scientists didn’t believe animals had any thoughts. They thought animals were more like robots but didn’t have the ability to think or feel. Of course, if you own a pet, you probably disagree. But it is the job of a scientist to prove this and nowadays more scientists accept that animals can think for themselves.

“That’s why I started my studies with Alex,” Irene said, “Some people actually called me crazy for trying this.”

Nowadays, we have more and more evidence that animals have all sorts of mental abilities. Sheep can recognize faces. Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) use a variety of tools and even use weapons to hunt. And Alex, the parrot became a very good talker.

Thirty years after, the Alex studies began. Irene was still giving him English lessons until his recent death. For example, if Alex was hungry, he could say “want grape”. Alex could count to six and was learning the sounds for seven and eight. “He has to hear the words over and over before he can correctly say them.” Irene said, after pronouncing “seven” for Alex a few times in a row. Alex could also tell the difference between colors, shapes, sizes, and materials (e.g.wood and metal). Before he finally died, Alex managed to say “seven”.

Another famous pet that proved some animals have greater mental skills was a dog called Rico. He appeared on a German TV game show in 2011. Rico knew the names of 200 different toys and easily learned the names of new ones. When Rico became famous, many other dog owners wanted to show how clever their pets were. Another dog called Betsy could understand 300 words.

One theory for dogs’ ability to learn a language is that they have been close companions to humans for many centuries and so their ability to understand us is constantly evolving (进化). While animals can’t do what humans do yet, some scientists believe that examples like Alex and Rico prove that evolution develops intelligence, as well as physical appearance.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,开始介绍了Irene Pepperberg关于动物具有思想的实验,引出想说明的内容——动物具有思维能力,之后又举例说明此观点的合理性证明动物具有思考能力。

12. Irene wanted to find out __________.( )

Awhat a parrot thinks

Bwhy a parrot can speak

Chow parrots make sounds

Dif parrots speak English

13. Alex learnt new words by __________.( )

Asinging them

Breading them

Cwriting them

Drehearing them

14. The two dogs mentioned in the article could _______.( )

Aunderstand some words

Brecognize strange voices

Ccopy human gestures

Dtell different colors

15. The article concludes that ___________.( )

Aour pets understand what we say

Bdogs may speak to humans one day

Chumans are related to chimpanzees

Dmental ability can evolve in animals

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Brighton is the _ (health) city in Britain with the highest level of personal trainers, yoga clubs and health food stores, according to a survey released on Friday.

The survey, _looks at 19 statistics covering health, _(fit)and environment, says Brighton has the highest number of residents _ (eat) at least five kinds of fruit and vegetables a day.

The survey, _ (conduct) for the Sky Travel channel, has compared 15 cities across the UK. It says Brighton residents live _ an average age of 78 years old. They are twice as likely _ (walk) or cycle to work as the people living in other parts of Britain.

In _(compare)with the national average, Brighton has nearly a third more health food stores and personal trainers than _ in any other city in Britain. It has twice many yoga clubs, and the level of fat residents is below the national average.

Meanwhile, _ survey also finds that Brighton residents have the best levels of cholesterol (胆固醇) and blood pressure in Britain.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,通过一个调查说明布赖顿居民的健康问题,例如,那里的居民胆固醇含量适当......。

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

49.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

51.短文改错

At present. I am extremehappy because I am doing what I like. As a senior three student, I study hardevery day and live it at the full. It feels like good to study hard with mydetermining classmates to fulfill our dreams. When I recalled the happy thingshappened to me, the experience of my receiving the scholarship in middle schooltopped it all. It was a time when my family is going through financialdifficulties. So I made up my mind to win the scholarship, hoped to lighten upmy parents’ financial burdens. After making tons of painstaking effort, Isucceeded. At the ceremony, my mom was the most poorly-dressed woman, and withthe brightest smile on her face.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

If you are in a crowd, the first and most important thing is to make yourself familiar with your surroundings and mentally notice alternate exits._

Make yourself aware of the type of ground you are standing on, and know that in a crowd of moving people wet or uneven ground can be slippery or hazardous, causing you to fall.

_ When in danger, a few seconds can make all the difference, giving you the possibility of taking advantage of escaping route. Always stay closer to the escape route.

If you find yourself in the middle of a moving crowd, do not fight against the pressure, do not stand still or sit down, because you could easily get trampled._

Take advantage of any space that may open up to move sideways to the crowd movement where the flow is weaker.

Keep your hands up by your chest, like a boxer—it gives you movement and protects your chest._If you cannot get up because you are injured, get someone to pull you back up. If you have kids, lift them up.

If you fall and cannot get up, keep moving by crawling in the same direction of the crowd, or if that is not possible, then cover your head with your arms and curl up into fetal position._

【语篇导读】本文是一篇应用文,主要说明了在人多的公共场合如何逃生或保证安全。阅读文章时要注重把握段落、语句之间的联系,对应连接词或关键代表性词句。

ANo matter where you are, make sure you always know how to get out.

BIf you fall, get up quickly.

CDo not lie on your stomach or back, as this dangerously exposes your lungs.

DThe worst is to be pushed by the crowd against an immovable object

EThere is always space between people.

FBe aware of the general atmosphere of the event, as panic situations can often be expected.

GInstead, move in the same direction of the crowd.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

“Kevin, we are getting a divorce,” said my mother. My heart plunged (急降). I was 9 years old and I thought that my life was going to _. My brother and I were going to move with my mother to southern California. My dad was to _in New Jersey because of work. My family was splitting apart.

Now that my mom is a single parent, I do my own _, make dinner and do extra chores around the house. _ it was hard at first, I now recognize the positive __ that this responsibility had on me. My mother gave me these _ and duties so that I would learn to become self-disciplined (自律的) and trustworthy.

I strive to display these __ in all aspects of my life, and have seen the benefits. When I was only 11 years old, my _ told me that he was selecting me as soccer team captain because of my determination and ability to get my teammates to _ themselves. We _the championship, but I won the fair play award for keeping my team together.

I am always determined to be an individual and not participate in anything that I feel is _. I am, for example, extremely __ of my decision not to drink alcohol. Personally, I don’t feel the need to drink to have fun, and I stand by my decision even when others try to _ me.

My mom and dad both found new _ and happily remarried. I am _ close to my father, even though he lives 4,800 km away. I thought my parents’ divorce was going to be the worst thing that _ happened to me. Ironically (讽刺的是), it turned out to be the _. I wasn’t willing to let it _ my life without putting up a fight, and neither was my family.

At age 9, I struggled with the confusion and _ of divorce. Today, at age 16, I understand that _ can bring opportunity and success, and that hard work, determination and self-discipline can turn your worst time into your best time.

【语篇导读】作者小时困于离婚的困惑和痛苦中,而现在他懂了困境可以带来机遇与成功。

21.

Afall apart

Bstand out

Ccarry on

Dcome true

22.

Aabandon

Bremain

Caccompany

Dpractice

23.

Ahomework

Bexercise

Cdecision

Dlaundry

24.

AAlthough

BBecause

CIf

DSince

25.

Aattitude

Bexperience

Ceffect

Dsituation

26.

Aachievements

Babilities

Cchores

Ddisadvantages

27.

Achores

Bdifficulties

Cemotions

Dqualities

28.

Afather

Bheadmaster

Cbrother

Dcoach

29.

Aenjoy

Bteach

Chelp

Dpush

30.

Awon

Blost

Chad

Dachieved

31.

Awrong

Babnormal

Cdynamic

Dviolent

32.

Aafraid

Btired

Cproud

Dfond

33.

Acheat

Bpressure

Cplease

Denlighten

34.

Afamilies

Bjobs

Ckids

Dpartners

35.

Astill

Bnot

Crarely

Dless

36.

Anever

Beven

Cever

Dalmost

37.

Abest

Bworst

Cbusiest

Dfirst

38.

Achallenge

Bprotect

Cbeat

Druin

39.

Apain

Bmemory

Csignificance

Demergency

40. A. obstacles

Afamilies

Bparents

Croutines

Dobstacles

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52.假设你是李华,你的美国笔友David最近在学汉语,他给你发来一封电子邮件讲述他对学习汉语兴趣浓厚,但是他在学习汉语的过程中常常因为犯错误而懊恼。请你用英语给他回一封邮件。

内容包括: 1. 鼓励他继续努力,正确看待错误;2. 给David提出一些学好汉语的建议(至少两条);3. 邀请他来中国玩。

注意: 1.词数 120左右;开头已经给出,不计入总次数。 2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

Dear David,

I’m glad to receiveyour e-mail and happy to know that you are interested in learning Chinese. 

__________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,Li Hua

 



分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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