• 英语 德州市2016年高三第一次联合考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A

Trans-Bridge Tours is looking forward to providing you with another year of exciting One-Day travel destinations in 2016.

Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island

August 15 (Sat)

$78 Adult; $66 Child (4-12); $ 75 Senior (62+)

No visit to the New York City area is complete without a trip to the world’s most famous landmarks--- the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.

Price includes transportation to Liberty State Park and timed ferry tickets.

9/11 Museum& Memorial

September 29 (Tue)

$ 87 Adult; $ 78 Youth (7-17); Senior $80(65+)

The Museum displays artifacts associated with the events of 9/11, while presenting stories of loss and recovery. The Memorial between the twin reflecting pools, is a tribute of remembrance and honor to the nearly 3,000 people killed in the terror attacks.

The New York Botanical Garden

October 14 (Wed)

$126 Adult

This National Historic Landmark offers visitors 250 acres (英亩) of the most unique land form of any botanical garden in the world, with huge rock outcroppings, beautiful flower collections, a river, cascading waterfalls, and 40 acres(英亩) of old-growth forest dating from pre-Revolutionary times plus a world-class Conservatory.

Hagley Museum & Winterthur

November 21(Sat)

$113 Adult

Located on 235 acres along the banks of the Brandywine, Hagley is the site of the gunpowder works founded by E.I. du Pont in 1802. Winterthur was the former home of Henry Francis du Pont, a famous antiques collector and gardener.

Includes: Brandywine tour at Hagley; Lunch at Hagley Museum; Guided tour at Winterthur Garden

1. Which of the following charges an adult the lowest fee?

AStatue of Liberty & Ellis Island

B9/11 Museum & Memorial

CThe New York Botanical Garden

DHagley Museum & Winterthur

2. Which was set up in memory of the victims of the terrorist attacks?

AThe Statue of Liberty.

BThe 9/11 Memorial.

CHagley Museum.

DWinterthur Garden.

3. When can you do some geological (地质的) research while travelling?

AAugust 15.

BSeptember 29.

COctober 14.

DNovember 21.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

Very mobile ears help many animals direct their attention to the rustle of a possible attacker. Researchers say these mobile ears have become a useful communication tool. Their studies of animal behaviour build up a picture of how communication and social skills developed.

“We're interested in how they communicate,” said lead researcher Jennifer Wathan.“And being sensitive to what another individual is thinking is a fundamental skill from which other more complex skills develop.”

Ms Wathan and her colleague Prof Karen McComb set up a behavioural experiment where 72 individual horses had to use visual cues from another horse in order to choose where to feed. They led each horse to a point where it had to select one of two buckets. On a wall behind this decision-making spot was a life-sized photograph of a horse's head facing either to left or right. In some of the trials, the horses’ ears or eyes were covered.

If the ears and eyes of the horse in the picture were visible, the horses being tested would choose the bucket towards which its gaze - and its ears - were directed. If the horse in the picture had either its eyes or its ears covered, the horse being tested would just choose a feed bucket at random.

Like many mammals that are hunted by predators(捕食者), horses can rotate(旋转)their ears through almost 180 degrees - but Ms Wathan said that in our "human-centric" view of the world, we had overlooked the importance of these very mobile ears in animal communication.

"It seems there's something in the visual cues - from both the eyes and the ears - that are really important," she told BBC News. "Horses have quite rich social lives and relationships with other horses, so they're a good species to look at this in." And the more we look at communication across different species, the more we can consider what might have promoted the evolution of sophisticated communication and social skills."

4. Why does a horse rotate its ears?

ATo tell each other where they can go for the buckets.

BTo be curious about what the other horse is thinking.

CTo warn the other horse when an attacker is coming closer.

DTo express its hope to build up social relations with others.

5. Why did the researchers use the life-sized photograph of a horse in the experiment?

ATo help develop horses’ complex skills.

BTo lead other horses to feed themselves.

CTo make the horses in the experiment excited.

DTo provide clues for the horses in the experiment.

6. Why are ears and eyes important to horses?

AThey can find the feeding buckets more easily with ears and eyes.

BWith ears and eyes they can escape from dangers more easily.

CWith ears and eyes they can communicate with other horses.

DHorses have quite rich social lives with ears and eyes.

7. What can be the best title of the passage?

ARotary Ears Serve as Communication Tools.

BHorses Have More Social Skills than Other Species.

CExperiments with Horses’ Ears.

DFundamental Skills of Horses.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

I had a great time this past summer visiting Stone Mountain Park with my twin grandsons. I had the opportunity to spend the day with them seeing the various sights and attractions. One thing that my grandsons had really wanted to do that particular day was to climb to the top of the mountain. Stone Mountain isn’t a particularly tall mountain and fortunately has walking trails to the top, but for two 5-year –olds, along with grandpa, it’s a formidable task.

Since my grandson’s enthusiasm was much greater than mine, I decided to start the slow walk up the mountain. The beginning part of the trail was slow and gradual. It seemed like we were taking forever to climb just a short distance, but I had to remind myself that it took 3 of their steps to equal 1 of mine, so I found myself walking ahead of them, then having to stop and let them catch up, over and over again.

I was tired and sweaty, just wanting to get to the top of the mountain so I could rest well before starting my way back. I learned early on during our walk that this wasn’t going to be the case. We had to stop and look at every large rock with someone’s name carved in it. We looked at unususal plant formations. We examined large trees and we explored small rock overhangs that reminded the kids of caves. My grandsons viewed the walk as an exciting adventure. Climbing the mountain was a trial to me but my grandsons were not focused at all on the trial of climbing the mountain; they were simply enjoying the journey of the walk.

I know when I face a trial in life, I tend to always think of the problem. I want the trial to be over quickly and let life get back to normal. What can I learn during the course of the trial? At some point, the trial will be over and we’ll be joyous for sure.

However, the real joy should not be that the trial’s over, but I am celebrating what I learned during the journey.

8. What does the underlined word“formidable”in Paragraph 1 mean?

ARelaxing

BMeaningful.

CStrange

DDifficult.

9. What can we know from Paragraph 2?

AThe writer kept challenging his grandsons to catch up with him.

BOld as the writer was , he walked much faster than his grandsons.

CThe writer and his grandsons walked up the mountain very fast at the beginning.

DThe writer was more eager to climb to the top of the mountain than his grandsons.

10. Why did the writer only want to reach the mountain top?

ATo have a good rest

BTo get a better view

CTo enjoy unusual plants.

DTo see large rocks carved with names.

11. What can be the best title of the text?

AA tiring day spent with grandsons.

BJoy coming from mountain-climbing.

CA life lesson learnt form grandsons.

DLearning to enjoy the journey.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

We all have an idea about the common types of environmental problems. However, light pollution may be a new term to many of us. But, the fact is, it does affect mankind, other living forms and the environment as a whole.

What is light pollution? It presents all forms of misused man-made light. The obvious cause of light pollution is the use of outdoor lighting products improperly. It can be office lighting, car headlights, station lights, streetlights and many more.

Light pollution is harmful to both animals and plants. Upon studies, it is found that obvious effects are observed in the behaviour of nocturnal animals. Needless to mention , bright light at night makes it difficult for these animals to hunt, wander and perform their regular activities. Light pollution is directly or indirectly responsible for causing several diseases. Its effects are related to disturbance in the physical rhythm. It contributes to risks of developing cancerous cells. So, it’s nothing less than a threat to human health.

You have already seen the negative effects of light pollution on animals and human health. Apart from this, the actual cost of misused light is about millions of dollars every year. It also leads to the release of greenhouse gases and global warming. After all,fuels are used for producing electricity.

While outdoor lighting and using man-made lighting products are part of our modern lifestyle, some simple ways will surely help in reducing light pollution. For example,while installing outdoor lighting, make sure that they are pointed downwards . Also, use only the required lighting equipment for both home and offices. Believe it or not, many people living in the urban areas cannot view clear sky and stars at night. Let’s contribute our part in reducing the pollution.

12. What can we learn about light pollution?

AIt is a negative fruit of light technology.

BIt has no effect on plants

CIt contributes to most cancers.

DIt affects animals’ normal activities in the daytime.

13. How does light pollution affect the climate?

AIt reduces temperatures by days and makes nights warmer.

BIt creates more clouds over parts of the Earth.

CIt stops the release of greenhouse gases.

DIt causes global temperatures to go up.

14. How can we contribute our part in reducing light pollution?

AForbid the use of outdoor lighting.

BDon’t use unnecessary lights at home and offices.

CReduce money spent on man-made light in urban areas.

DUse clean energy to produce electricty.

15. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that __________.

ACitizens should be forbidden to install outdoor lighting.

BOnly simple ways can help reduce light pollution.

CLight pollution needs to be dealt with urgently.

DThere is no clear sky or stars over the urban areas.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题10分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

16.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

It’s natural to feel some stress about taking tests. In fact, sometimes a little stress is a good thing. Here are some tips:_16__Your memory will be much better if you’ve had enough rest. In a scientific study , people who got enough sleep before taking a math test did better than those who stayed up all night studying.Read the test through first.(加粗)Once you have the test paper in front of you, read over the entire test, checking out how long it is and all the parts you are expected to complete. This will allow you to estimate how much time you have for each section and ask the teacher any questions._17__Focus on addressing each question individually. (加粗)As you take the test, if you don’t know an answer, don’t obsess(缠住) over it._18__ Come back to it after you’ve answered other questions.Relax. (加粗)_19___ Of course you can’t get up and move around in the middle of a test, but you can wiggle(摇摆)your fingers and toes, take four or five deep breaths, or picture yourself on a beach or some other calm places.Finished already? (加粗)Although most teachers will let you hand a test in early, it’s usually a good idea to spend any extra time checking over your work. _20___On the other hand, if you have 5 minutes until the bell rings and you’re still writing, wind up whatever you’re working on without panicking.A.Instead, skip over the question.B.Listen closely to any instructions.C.Get enough sleep the night before the test.D.But some can get serious test-taking terror.E.If something seems unclear before you start, don’t panic: ask.F.If you’re so nervous that you blank out, you might need a mini-break.G.You can also add details that you may not have thought you’d have time for.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

I often work with students in small groups providing strategies for promoting reading. One of the activities I ask students to complete is a process that students to focus on word features to reading skills. Part of activities involves students who must reach a and desire for me their own thinking.

Recently, I was observing students during this process One of the students thought this was . I asked her why and she replied “My teacher doesn’t let us talk!”

It me that, in our classroom lives of school reform, so many important things have been pushed out of daily instructions. As adults we can realize the importance of communication. We become through communicating with friends, employers and partners. good communication skills, we are ususally unable to reach our fullest _. So we shouldn’t forget to let our students do the talking. I learn so much about my students and their thinking through their conversation. Yet, quiet classroons are often seen as “good” classrooms. Noisy classrooms are as “hard to control”. A really productive classroom is a _ of both.

Teachers who instruct students on a task and then allow them to work together to complete the task to hear a productive level of conversation. Sure, students get off task, that is the teacher’s job to redirect the students. A teacher should conversations, guide and join in the conversations. Most , the teacher should listen to the conversations. I actually learn from my students when I am part of the process. Students their higher order thinking skills through language. My instruction is often _ by this enjoyable opportunity.

I hope we all can find the time in our busy instructional days to allow our students the opportunity to their language development through the art of conversation. In my classes, we will continue to talk , talk, talk! After all, the skill of communication will largely a student’s success, now and in the future.

21.

Apermits

Bdrives

Cpersuades

Ddirects

22.

Aexchange

Bexamine

Cimprove

Denable

23.

Aconclusion

Bkingdom

Csurrounding

Dgraduation

24.

Ahappily

Bquietly

Ccarelessly

Dfreely

25.

Ajoy

Bend

Cfun

Djob

26.

Apointed

Bdiscouraged

Covercame

Dreminded

27.

Adistant

Bimportant

Csuccessful

Dpermanent

28.

AThrough

BThroughout

CWith

DWithout

29.

Apotential

Blocation

Cperformance

Dlevel

30.

Acasual

Bboring

Cfunny

Dsmart

31.

Aimagined

Bdescribed

Cregarded

Doverlooked

32.

Abenefit

Bcombination

Cpower

Ddisadvantage

33.

Aexpect

Bdemand

Cdecide

Dpretend

34.

Aso

Band

Cfor

Dbut

35.

Aallow

Border

Cmonitor

Dcreate

36.

Agenerally

Bpowerfully

Cprobably

Dimportantly

37.

Ademonstrate

Bvalue

Corganize

Dproduce

38.

Aborrowed

Bguided

Cobtained

Dnarrowed

39.

Acontrol

Bcause

Cenrich

Ddecide

40.

Alie in

Bpoint to

Ctake in

Dlead to

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

One of my most precious memories is watching my dad save a girl in a swimming pool. I was (probable) about 9 years old. We were at a campground with a pool. There weren’t many people there, _there was a group of local teenagers near the deep end--- several boys and a girl. The boys were trying to make the girl jump into the pool. Then they _ _(throw) her in. She sank like brick. The water closed over her and became still again. The boys became _ (silence) and just stared at the water. Then a lady nearby cried,“She’s (drown)!”My dad dived into the water immediately. Everyone was quiet, just starting at the spot he disappeared. Then my dad surfaced with the girl and yelled _ the boys to help him pull her out of the pool. Some of the boys helped the girl home and the rest spent quite a while in the pool diving for _(coin) and handing them to my dad. I learned years (late) that the girl’s parents had a celebration for my dad , and that was the day when my dad became my hero.

41.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共10分。
1

51. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改10处,多者不计分。Annie Oakley became famous as her ability to shoot a gun and hitting very small objects. There are hundred of stories about her. However, much of the stories aren’t true. She was a performer in a traveling Wild West show. She used her skill at shooting a gun to become one of most famous sharpshooters in American history. She decided to help with her family earn money when she was 8. She taught herself what to shoot her grandfather’s gun and began hunting animals for money. By the time she was 15, she has made enough money to pay for her family’s farm. Soon his ability to shoot a gun became wide known in her town.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52. 假设你是新华中学学生会主席李华。你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛 (speech contest)。希望附近某大学的外籍教师Lucy女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。

注意:词数100左右。评委:judge 
内容要点:一:自我介绍;二:邀请做评委;三:演讲比赛具体安排

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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