- 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (全国新课标卷II)
I was very disappointed not to be able to go to the jazz concert last Friday. The advertisement in the paper said that you could buy tickets at the theatre box in Richland Hills any day between 10：00 and 4: 00. Since I work from 9: 00 to 5: 30, the only time I could go to the theatre was during my 45minute lunch break. Unfortunately, the theatre is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky, you can make the round trip in 45 minutes. Last Monday, I stood at the bus stop for 15 minutes waiting for the bus. By the time I saw one come around the corner, there was not enough time left to make the trip. So I gave up and went back to the office. The same thing happened on Tuesday, and again next day. On Thursday, my luck changed. I got on a bus right away and arrived at the theatre in exactly 20 minutes. When I got there, however, I found a long line of people at the box office, I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for over an hour. Realizing I would not have enough time to wait in line, I caught the next bus and headed back across the town. By Friday I realized my only hope was to make the trip by taxi, it was expensive, but I felt it would be worth it to hear the concert. The trip by taxi only took 10 minutes, but felt like an hour to me. When I got to the theatre, I was relieved to see that nobody was waiting in line. The reason, however，I quickly discovered, was that they had already sold all the tickets.
（1）The man learned ________ that there would be a concert last Friday.
A．from his friends
B．from one of his workmates
C．over the radio
D．from the newspaper
（2）He tried to go to the theatre every day but managed to get there only ________.
（3）One day the man took ________ to get to the theatre by bus.
C．just twenty minutes
D．over an hour
（4）The underlined word “relieved” may best be replaced by ________.
The Most Wonderful Islands
The Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. They are being developed as tourist, leisure, and residential resorts, and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.
After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues, construction started in 2001. Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands. The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep. Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site. Although the shallow water facilitates this process, the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea. Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent(月状的)structure. This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.
The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 frond, or leaves coming off the trunk. The first island, named Palm Jumeirah, has three fivestar hotels in the trunk, and luxury homes in the leaves. It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004, they were all sold within three days.
The second palm, Jebel Ali, was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre. Six marinas（小游艇船坞） are planned, with a water theme park, and homes built on stilts（桩柱） in the water.
The Palm Deira planned to be the largest of the three islands, with a length of 14 km and a width of 8.5 km, an area larger than the city of Paris. It will consist of residential properties, marinas, shopping malls, sports facilities, and clubs. These will be open to both residents and tourists.
More artificial islands, the World Islands, are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah. They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates, private homes, community islands, and resorts.
Unquestionably, these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world. They will also maintain Dubai's status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region.
（1）According to the passage, all the following are right EXCEPT ________.
A．Some Dutch engineers are experienced in reclaiming land from the sea
B．The islands are being built in the shallow water of the sea
C．All the luxury homes on Palm Jumeirah were sold
D．The World Islands are bigger than the Palm Jumeirah
（2）The underlined word “facilitates” in the second paragraph probably means ________.
（3）What is the passage written for?
A．To introduce the wonderful artificial islands.
B．To show how to build artificial islands.
C．To offer a travel service for tourists.
D．To prove the Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world.
“Plants were expected to get larger with increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but changes in temperature, humidity and nutrient availability seem to have trumped the benefits of increased carbon dioxide，” said researchers from the National University of Singapore.
45 percent of the species studied now reach smaller adult sizes than they did in the past. The researchers pointed out that warmer temperatures and changing habitats, caused by climate change, are possible reasons for shrinking creatures.
“We do not yet know the mechanisms involved, or why some organism are getting smaller while others are unaffected，” the researchers said. “Until we understand more, we could be risking negative consequences that we can't yet quantify.”
The change was big in coldblooded animals. Only two decades of warmer temperatures were enough to make reptiles（爬行动物）smaller. An increase of 1 degree centigrade caused nearly a 10 percent increase in metabolism（新陈代谢）. Greater use of energy resulted in tiny tortoises and little lizards. Fish are smaller now too. Though overfishing has played a part in reducing numbers, experiments show that warmer temperatures also stop fish growth. There is a recent report on warmer temperatures' negative effects on plankton（浮游生物）, the base of the marine ecosystem.
Warmblooded animals weren't immune from the size change caused by climate change. Many birds are now smaller. Mammals have been miniaturized too. Soay sheep are thinner. Red deer are weaker. And polar bears are smaller, compared with historical records. This is not the first time this has happened in Earth's history.
55 million years ago, a warming event similar to the current climate change caused bees, spiders and ants to shrink by 50 to 75 percent over several thousand years. That event happened over a long time than the current climate change.
The speed of modern climate change could mean organisms may not respond or adapt quickly enough, especially those with long generation times. So, it is likely that more negative influences of climate change will be shown in future.
（1）Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Why do some species become smaller?
B. How does temperature change in Earth's history?
C. Climate change has many negative effects
D. Species become smaller as climate warms
（2）The underlined word “trumped” in the first paragraph can be replaced by ________.
（3）Researchers from the National University of Singapore believe that ________.
A. too many studies on animals' size have been done
B. all the animals on the earth have become smaller
C. how climate change affects animals' size has not been found clearly
D. climate change has more negative effects on warmblooded animals
（4）What can we learn from the passage?
A. Bird have suffered more from climate change than fish.
B. Climate change have even affected plankton negatively.
C. Coldblooded animals become smaller because of the lack of food.
D. The warming event has never happened in Earth' s history before.
For most seventh graders, life doesn't get much harder than a history test. But for Grant Reed of Bellville, Ohio, it's his own current events that are so painful. “Honestly, I don't want to die，” Grant says. Last year, doctors at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus found a tumor（肿瘤） in Grant's brain. They cut it out, but the surgery left him with strokelike symptoms. Plus, he had to go through months of radiation and chemotherapy to try to stop the spread of the disease.
Yet, through it all, Grant has shown remarkable determination, which he owes, partly, to Ohio State football. His parents, Troy and Denise, were both in the OSU marching band and fell in love during halftime of the Michigan game. His cat is named after the team Buckeye. His wardrobe is painted scarlet (the color of the team's sportswear). The point is, almost nothing mattered more to Grant than Ohio State football—until he got sick, of course.
“I didn't like the word cancer,” Grant says. So he decided not to use the word. Instead, the kid named his cancer Michigan and insisted everyone in his life refer to it as such, because Ohio State always beats Michigan. That was something he could understand and make it into a competition. He was going to beat this disease.
It's now been more than a year since Grant issued that announcement. “And if you look at his scans,” Dr. Randal Olshefski at Nationwide Children's says，“There's nothing there. There's a big space, but there's no tumor.”
“Grant is beating Michigan. And although much of it has to go to science, don't discount the semantics（语义学）. You have to do something to make it a disease you can fight. And for Grant，that was naming it Michigan,”his parents say.
This weekend, Ohio State and Michigan will be battling like their lives depend on it. But in this house, the Reed family will be watching with a calm insight: it's just a game.
（1） What's the main idea of the first paragraph?
A．History is a difficult subject.
B．Grant suffered a serious disease.
C．The operation was successful.
D．The tumor has spread all over.
（2） From the second paragraph, we can infer that________.
A．Grant was born a football fan
B．football makes a full man
C．interest is the best teacher
D．God helps those who help themselves
（3） Apart from radiation and chemotherapy，________ is helping Grant beat the disease.
B．his strong determination
C．the football game
D．his cat Buckeye
（4） By saying that it's just a game, we can infer that the Reed family________.
A．has lost interest in the match between Ohio State and Michigan
B．believes Michigan will surely beat Ohio State this weekend
C．has a better understanding of life
D．views the match as a matter of life and death
The rules of surfing the Internet
Do you obey the rules while surfing the Internet?
Your Security Is Your Problem
You know there are signs in every parking garage saying they're not responsible for lost or stolen items in your vehicle.（1）_______.
You're Speaking in a Public Forum（论坛）
Everything you post online is equal to posting it on the front page of the newspaper and delivering it to everyone around you. Some people may agree, and some may disagree. You may even strike a chord（引起共鸣） with enough people to start a movement. （2）_______.Only say online what you're willing to say in front of your grandma.
The content of your posts matters, but so does where you're posting. The audience of a particular website may not agree with your particular message (or at least with the way you're presenting it), so be careful what you post where.
Keep It Civil
Freedom of speech is important——everyone should have the right to say what they want, and a few people who abuse this freedom can't affect anyone. （4）_______. This doesn't mean there aren't consequences to your words, however, so do with caution. Put forth the effort to be polite whether online or off.
You Should Be Anonymous
Anonymity（匿名）sounds like what some crazy hacker groups fill, but it's not. （5）_______.The reason why we all support Anonymity is that we believe every human being deserves the basic human right of being anonymous. You should be anonymous too.
A．You can say whatever you want.
B．Whether You Agree or Not, Majority Rules.
C．The Internet works the same way.
D．Anonymity is an ideal supported by grown and successful adults and inventors in every industry.
E．It's Not Just What You Post, but Where.
F．You'll never clean up the Internet, and it's not even worth trying.
G．You can't control what people do with your message, but you can control your message.
My husband Jeff and I moved into our new home in Scottsbluff last year just before Christmas. I did not have the（1）_______or energy to carry out my traditional Christmas decorating and baking activities. What was the point, anyway? It was going to be a（2）_______Christmas after all. （3）_______，the neighborly nature of west Nebraska residents started to trickle（陆续临） in.
There was a（4）_______on the door one evening. It was Jeff's new colleague, John Smith, and his wife, Phyllis. The Smiths had stopped by to（5）_______us to town with a loaf of homemade bread. They pointed out a（6）_______on the porch（门廊）. Apparently the doorbell wasn't working in the cold snowy weather and we had（7）_______a visit from the Browns, our acrossthestreet neighbors, who brought us a Christmas card and more Christmas cookies.
The（8）_______feelings brought by these thoughtful gestures lasted longer than the food.
As Jeff and I were clearing preChristmas（9）_______from our driveway, Ernie Guzman came over from next door to（10）_______us to dig out.
Then, we received an invitation to（11）_______a Christmas Eve meal with our neighbors, Ernie and Nancy Sommer, and their（12）_______—a 90yearold lady, who also had no family in the immediate area with whom to spend the holiday.
Our Christmas Eve was quite merry, thanks to our（13）_______. Our Christmas morning （14）_______was special, thanks to the Smiths' gift of bread. I was so（15）_______for these gestures of welcome, especially during the holidays.
This year, we were again unable to be with our families for Christmas. The（16）_______and work schedules just made things too difficult.（17）_______that sense of Christmas isolation（孤立）all too well, we decided to try to round up some other folks who were（18）_______in the holidays.
Lonely people are all around us, but most of us（19）_______notice them. Just take a look around you. Sometimes, the smallest（20）_______gesture can make a world of difference.
（1）A. chance B. anxiety C. time D．ability
（2）A. lonely B. free C. merry D. usual
（3）A. Therefore B. However C. Somehow D. Meanwhile
（4）A. sign B. knock C. card D. note
（5）A. invite B. welcome C. drive D. send
（6）A. tree B. flower C. mail D. package
（7）A. forgot B. missed C. arranged D. received
（8）A. warm B. deep C. true D. mixed
（9）A. rubbish B. snow C. dust D. leaves
（10）A. teach B. urge C. help D. forbid
（11）A. prepare B. share C. taste D. exchange
（12）A. guest B. aunt C. maid D. partner
（13）A. folks B. relatives C. neighbors D. colleagues
（14）A. call B. greeting C. meeting D. breakfast
（15）A. sorry B. eager C. grateful D. ready
（16）A. season B. expense C. distance D. situation
（17）A. Knowing B. Showing C. Studying D. Discovering
（18）A. happy B. busy C. alone D. active
（19）A. always B. usually C. finally D. seldom
（20）A. careful B. kind C. pretty D. patient
Melissa：What a beautiful new skirt you're wearing! It looks perfect on you.
Sarah：You really think（1）_______？
Melissa：Of course. When did you buy it? I want to buy（2）_______， too.
Sarah：It was not bought.
Melissa：Ah?（3）_______gift from your parents?
Sarah：No. I made it myself.
Melissa：Really? I can't believe it.
Sarah：I'm not（4）_______ (kid). Yesterday I（5）_______ (plan) to go to the bookstore with my mother. On the way back home, we went to Hongtu Department Store and Baijia Supermarket. At last we came to a small cloth store,（6）_______a lot of clothes and cloth were being sold. I happened（7）_______ (see) this kind of cloth. The colors and designs struck me and I thought it was suitable for me to make a skirt. And I bought it.
Melissa：You're a girl of excellent judgment. Besides, you are（8）_______ (skill) with your hands. Do you mind（9）_______ (teach) me how to make clothes?
Sarah：No, absolutely not. Whenever it is convenient（10）_______you, you can come to my house, I will teach you personally.
Melissa：Oh, thank you very much. How about next Sunday afternoon? Are you free?
Sarah：Yes, that's a deal. Goodbye.
Dear Mr. Johnson，
I've learned from a newspaper that some clerks were wanted in your company. I am eager to be one of them. So I am writing the letter. My name is Wang Ping. I was born Shanxi Province and I'm in good healthy. I've just graduated from the Physics Department of Shanxi University. I've done well in all subject and I'm especially good at computer studies and English. I can read science books in English and doing some writing in English as well. Besides，I know a few French. And in my spare time，I like to play the basketball very much. It is said that you company is very famous and is well managed. I’ll be very glad whether I can work with you.
I'm looking forward to hear from you soon.
9.假设你是李华，是校报的英语记者。最近，你校组织开展“构建绿色校园 (Building a green campus)” 活动。你打算给校报写一篇短文，内容包括：