• 英语 昆明市2017年高三第五次适应性月考
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Every Sunday morning I take a jog around a park near my home. There’s a lake located in one comer of the park. Each time I jog by this lake, I see the same elderly woman sitting at the water’s edge with a small metal cage sitting beside her.

This past Sunday my curiosity got the best of me, so I stopped jogging and walked over to her.  As I got closer, I realized that the metal cage was in fact a small trap.  There were three turtles, unharmed, slowly walking around the base of the trap.  She had a fourth turtle in her lap that she was carefully scrubbing with a spongy brush.

“Hello,” I said.  “I see you here every Sunday morning.  If you don’t mind my nosiness(多管闲事), I’d love to know what you’re doing with these turtles.”

“I’m cleaning off their shells,” she replied.  “Anything on a turtle’s shell, like algae(藻类), reduces the turtle’s ability to absorb heat and impedes its ability to swim. It can also corrode and weaken the shell over time.”

“Wow!  That’s really nice of you!” I exclaimed.

She went on, “I spend a couple of hours each Sunday morning, relaxing by this lake and helping these little guys out.  It’s my own strange way of making a difference.”

“But don’t most freshwater turtles live their whole lives with algae and scum hanging from their shells?” I asked.

“Yes, sadly, they do,” she replied.

I scratched my head. “Well, don’t you think your time could be better spent?  I mean, I think your efforts are kind and all, but there are fresh water turtles living in lakes all around the world.  And 99% of these turtles don’t have kind people like you to help them clean off their shells.  So, no offense… but how exactly are your localized efforts here truly making a difference?”

The woman giggled aloud.  She then looked down at the turtle in her lap, scrubbed off the last piece of algae from its shell, and said, “Sweetie, if this little guy could talk, he’d tell you I just made all the difference in the world.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,属于日常生活类话题,作者讲述了作者在晨练的时候总会遇到一个老太太在湖边擦洗乌龟的故事,说明了如若每个人从身边的小事做起也能使这个世界大不同的道理。

1. What is the reason for the old woman sitting by the lake?()

ADoing morning exercises.

BAmusing some turtles.

CCleaning some turtles.

DMaking a difference.

2. Which of the following statements is TRUE?()

AThe author gets used to jogging every morning.

BThe old woman does some household cleaning every Sunday morning.

CThe author thinks what the woman has done is meaningful.

DThe woman is making a difference in her own way.

3. The underlined word “corrode” in the fourth paragraph probably means .

Aerode

Bprotect

Cclean

Dstain

4. What is the best title for the text?()

AYour Charity Would Be Rewarded

BAll the Difference in the world

CLittle Turtles, Fortunate Creatures

DWhere There Is a Will There Is a Way

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Pingviman Hotel

Offering an outdoor pool, Pingviman Hotel offers Thai-style rooms in Chiang Mai. Free WiFi is available through-out and a complimentary service takes guests to the Chiang Mai Night Bazaar. All rooms are equipped with a 48-inch flat-screen cable TV and DVD player.

Facilities at this hotel include a business center, a fitness center and laundry services. There is also a tour desk and meeting facilities.

We speak your language!

Hotel Rooms:35

Art Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel

Situated in Chiang Mai’s trendiest area, Art Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel Chiang Mai by Compass Hospitality boasts accommodation in a boutique hotel well-decorated with art works from the renowned local Thai artists. Free WiFi is offered all throughout the property.

At Art Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel, guests will find an outdoor pool, a fitness center and massage services. There is also a modern art collection for sale at the lobby area.

Hotel Rooms:79

At Chiang Mai

At Chiang Mai is a 2-minute walk from Sunday Walking Street. It offers rooms with a bathtub and free WiFi. Guests can relax by the pool or arrange sightseeing trips at the tour desk.

Staff at the 24-hour front desk can help guests arrange shuttle service and laundry. A selection of international newspapers and board games is available for guests to enjoy.

Home-style Thai and European dishes are served at the restaurant from 07:00 to 23:00 hrs.

We speak your language!

Hotel Rooms:37

De Chai The Colonial Hotel

Stylish colonial design is the trademark (商标) of De Chai Hotel, with its indoor pool and free WiFi. Located along Thapae Road, it is a 5-minute walk from the Sunday Walking Street.

Fully air-conditioned and extra spacious, rooms at De Chai are equipped with 37-inch flat-screen TVs, DVD players and iPod docks. Beautiful city views can be enjoyed through the clear floor-to-ceiling windows. Free WiFi is available in all areas.

Chang Khlan is a great choice for travelers interested in shopping, night markers and markets.

We speak your language!

Hotel Rooms: 40

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍四个旅馆的信息,包括旅店的设施和服务。

5. What’s the similarity among the four hotels?()

AThey all have an outdoor pool.

BThey all equip the hotel rooms with cable TVs.

CThey all have a center for fitness.

DThey all provide free WiFi service.

6. In which hotels can guests book a trip more conveniently?()

APingviman Hotel and De Chai Hotel.

BArt Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel and At Chiang Mai.

CPingviman Hotel and At Chiang Mai.

DArt Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel and De Chai Hotel.

7. What can be infer from the passage?()

AThe bus of Pingviman Hotel can take guests to the Chiang Mai Night Bazaar.

BThere are two hotels not far away from the Sunday Walking Street.

CGuests living in the De Chai Hotel can enjoy the beautiful city views.

DArt Mai Gallery Nimman Hotel sells artworks from local Thai artists.

8. What can’t guests do in the hotel according to the passage?()

AHave meals at the restaurant of At Chiang Mai 24 hours.

BHave their clothes washed in At Chiang Mai.

CHave a meeting in Pingviman Hotel.

DDo massage in Art mai Gallery Nimman Hotel.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Marvin Minsky is often called the Father of Artificial Intelligence. His work helped inspire the creation of the personal computer and the Internet.

Artificial Intelligence

Before Minsky, computers were more like calculators, performing math operations at speeds much faster than humans. Minsky was the first to say that computers can one day be as intelligent as human beings. He was so convinced about this, that in 1959, he and his friend John McCarthy invented the term “Artificial Intelligence” at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Minsky wrote a book called Perceptrons, describing a particular type of “artificial neural(神经的) network”. Neural networks have made a comeback in a new field of Computer Science called Deep Learning. Deep Learning is used to recognize things and people in pictures (as seen in Facebook and Google Photos), language translation( try Google Translate sometimes), and so on.

Robotics, Microscopes and Virtual Reality

How many of you have done Robotics at school and loved it? You have Minsky to thank again, for his work on Robotics. One of his biggest inventions was the confocal scanning microscope, an instrument that is still widely used today in medical and scientific research.

Minsky was really futuristic. He created one of the first head-mounted graphics displays(头戴式图形显示), which gave rise to the exciting area of Virtual Reality. This year, Facebook is releasing Oculus, a virtual reality headset, which you can use to play games with your friends in a 3-D environment.

Minsky’s major prediction that computers will one day become as intelligent as humans is now called the Theory of Singularity.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙性说明文,属于人物传记类话题,文章介绍被称为人工智能之父的Marvin Minsky在信息科技方面做出的贡献。

9. Which of the following statements is TRUE?()

AMinsky himself invented the term “Artificial Intelligence” in MIT.

BMinsky transformed computer into a machine more intelligent than human beings.

CApart from Information Technology, Minsky’s invention is also used in medical field.

DMinsky invented a headset, with which players can play games in a 3-D environment.

10. Which is NOT the function of Deep Learning?()

ARecognize people in Facebook.

BSpot items in Google Photos.

CSummarize main idea of a passage.

DTranslate English into French.

11. Which is NOT one of Minsky’s characteristics according to the passage?()

AFarsighted.

BCreative.

CPioneering.

DConsiderate.

12. In which section of a newspaper can you read this passage?()

ATechnology.

BTravel.

CEnvironment.

DLife.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

For centuries Stonehenge has mystified and enraptured archaeologists and visitors. So maybe it is not surprising that another monumental wonder from prehistory has been overlooked for so long – even though it is just a mile away.

Experts have discovered an ‘extraordinary’ line of giant stones that dates back more than 4,500 years. The area around Stonehenge is littered with prehistoric sights but the 90 or more stones, lying 3ft underground, have only just been discovered by sophisticated radar equipment towed by radar equipment.

The buried monoliths are each up to 15ft tall. Instead of being arranged in a circle as they are at Stonehenge, it is thought they once formed a long standing line.

‘We are looking at one of the largest stone monuments in Europe and it has been under our noses for something like 4,000 years,’ said Professor Vince Gaffney, from the University of Bradford, one of the archaeologists leading the research. ‘It’s truly remarkable. We don’t think there’s anything quite like this anywhere else in the world. This is completely new and the scale is extraordinary.”

Prof. Gaffney believes the stones may have been planted by the same people who built Stonehenge, but he doubts whether there is a direct link between the two monuments.

These stones were placed along a steep slope, cut into a natural dry valley to form a C-shaped feature.

Precisely why the stones were put there remains a mystery. The archaeologists believe that at some stage the stones were pushed over. This was not done to damage the monument but rather to preserve whatever it was about the stones that seemed so important. “There was a transformation in the landscape that we do not understand,” Prof. Gaffney said. “The stones had significance. These were special places. Societies were organized, as with the great cathedrals, to create these things.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于历史文化类话题,文章介绍离著名的巨石阵不远处专家发现一群地下的石头,它们的形状和规模让专家很惊讶,专家正在对它们的作用做研究。

13. What have experts found according to Paragraph 2?()

AAn observation post.

BUnderground stones.

CAn ancient cemetery.

DA sacrificial site.

14. What can we know about Stonehenge from the passage?()

AA post history wonder confused archaeologists centuries.

BThe mystery of Stonehenge has been solved.

CThe stones might have some connections with the Stonehenge.

DIt is the largest stone monument all over the world.

15. Which sentence is TRUE according to the passage?()

ASuch stone monument is common all around the world.

BThe stones might serve for a certain purpose.

CThe stones were inserted into a plain.

DThe stones pushed over were to reduce the height of the monument.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

Five Ways to Work Smarter, Not Harder

No matter how hard we work, it seems that there is never enough time to get all the important tasks done. Rather than working longer, consider working smarter, not harder. Here are some ways to work smarter:

Make a careful plan. Just like every organization needs a business plan, an efficient worker needs a work plan.    bd blank   Schedule your tasks throughout the days, weeks, and months, but do it ahead of time.

Set your goals. As a part of your work plan, you should set clear and measurable goals. Goals should state which tasks are to be completed and when they get completed. Rather than setting firm deadlines, which can lead to pressure and stress, allow a period of time to reach goals.    bd blank

bd blank    Develop a consistent daily work schedule and stick to it! If a typical workday consists of some writing tasks(emails, reports), one-on-one meetings, and processing data, set aside specific time each day to accomplish each kind of tasks.

Delegate(分派工作)effectively.   bd blank   The person who tries to do everything himself or herself not only is overloaded and overstressed, but is bad for their colleagues, by not allowing them to be challenged and grow by taking on important duties.

Don’t make work harder than it actually is. Much of the pressure is produced by ourselves.   __  bd blank We feel like we should do more. Remember that tasks should be completed step by step. Focus on each step rather than on the entire project, which can help us cut down on feelings that we are overwhelmed.

A. Stick to your plan.

B. We set unrealistic goals or standards for ourselves.

C. Also, take time to reward yourself for achieving a goal.

D. Organize your workday.

E. We cannot expect to complete the tasks quickly.

F. Learn which tasks can be delegated and which need personal attention.

G. It is a well-thought-out plan to help guide and direct work activities.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,是属于生活工作类话题,本文介绍了五个可以让你更加聪明地工作的方法。

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

In 2003, Tim Baker and his wife bd blank the Shepherd’s Field Children’s Village, which has bd blank than 4,000 orphans. More than 3,000 operations and medical bd blank have been carried out and 900 children have been adopted.

The Village receive children from bd blank around the country. The majority of them come from bd blank rural areas. All the children there receive education and are bd blank the care of 100 workers, including teachers, Chinese nannies, Western doctors, volunteers and interns. About 40 children are bd blank annually, with most joining overseas families.

“I want the children to remember bd blank they come from, even though they will live 49 with their new families, speaking different languages,” Tim says.

“ The most difficult thing bd blank was to believe that we could do something for the children with special needs,” Tim says. The first orphan they received was a newborn with bd blank heart defects. The Bakers asked for help from friends, family and supporters, who responded bd blank and raised money for the baby, who was later adopted. Supporters bd blank international companies, local enterprises, hospitals, schools and individuals.

“Now, I am happy to see more people and organizations bd blank . China has the best adoption system—clear, bd blank and without corruption.” Most of the orphans are between 1 month and 6 years old. The Bakers are working to find solutions bd blank the older children, who are bd blank likely to be adopted. The center’s workshop provides a place for older orphans to learn such skills bd blank handicraft making for later jobs. “The happiest moment for me is when I see the kids bd blank with their new families,” Tim, who the children call “Papa Tim”, says. “But it’s a little sad, too, since in my heart, they are always my kids. But I wish they can have a bd blank family and a new life.”

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,属于故事类话题,文章介绍贝天牧夫妇创办牧羊地儿童村照顾来自全世界贫困地区的孤儿,并帮助他们找到新的家庭,过上正常的生活。

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Afounded

Borganized

Ccomposed

Dformed

22.

Alooked into

Bcared for

Ccared about

Dlooked for

23.

Aconditions

Bmethods

Cprocedures

Dapproaches

24.

Afamilies

Borphanages

Cschools

Dkindergartens

25.

Apoverty-stricken

Bflood-stricken

Cremote

Dbetter-off

26.

Awith

Bbeyond

Cunder

Dwithout

27.

Aadopted

Badapted

Cadjusted

Darranged

28.

Awhich

Bwhere

Cwhat

Dhow

29.

Aabroad

Baboard

Chome

Dwell

30.

Ain all

Bafter all

Cat all

Dat first

31.

Aadvanced

Bcomplicated

Csimple

Dprimary

32.

Aflexibly

Bslowly

Cquickly

Dsuddenly

33.

Ainclude

Bexclude

Ccontain

Dexcel

34.

Aattend

Bjoin

Cobserve

Dbehave

35.

Astraightforward

Bincomplete

Cinefficient

Dexpensive

36.

Aby

Bwith

Cto

Dfor

37.

Amore

Bless

Cbetter

Dmost

38.

Athat

Bso

Cto

Das

39.

Aattacking

Bdisappearing

Cleaving

Dwithdrawing

40.

Amisfortunate

Bodd

Ccontradictory

Dnormal

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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Until recently, I didn’t have a very healthy lifestyle. I worked bd blank a publisher for a large company based in London, bd blank I was always under pressure to meet deadlines and get the books bd blank (publish). The schedules were really busy last year, and there was a lot of stress in my working life. Don’t get me wrong, my working conditions were fine. I had a large office, with a beautiful view over the Thames. I had the bd blank (late) computer and a secretary too. In addition, I earned a very good salary. The problem was that my work-life balance was completely wrong. I was away from my lovely home in the country far too much. And not only bd blank I work very long hours, but I had to commute into London every day by train bd blank (get) to the office.

One Friday evening, after the journey home had taken me four hours because of bd blank rail accident, I decided I had to get out of the rat race. If I wanted to improve my quality of life and have more time for myself, my family and friends, then I needed a nine-to-five job, bd blank would give me more free time. Next day I saw an ad for a sales bd blank (assist) in a local bookshop and put my house on the market. If I was going to downshift, then I needed to make some economies—and a smaller home was the first step. I bd blank (work) in the bookshop and living in my cottage ever since.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,是属于社会生活类话题,作者讲述了自己在伦敦的大公司工作,工作条件和薪水都很好,但是感受到很大的工作压力,他选择在当地书店做销售员。

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42.

43.

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45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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51.短文改错

Yesterday was my father’s birthday. We made many preparation for it. Early in the morning, my mother and I set off for the department store to find gift for Father. We chose very careful, eventually a warm sweater our eye but was purchased.

To showing my love for my father, I made a birthday cake under the help of my mother. In the evening, we got together to celebrate her birthday. With candles lit, we sang happy birthday out loud and clapped, that made the room alive with the sound of cheering.

Then we take a family photo to record the happy moment. When I saw tears of joy in Father’s eye, I was filled in with a feeling of accomplishment and happiness.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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52.假设你是李华,最近你注意到班上的同学上课不做笔记, 而是用手机把黑板上或屏幕上的内容拍下来,同学们对此有不同的看法(如节省时间、效率高或者使人懒惰、分心……)。写信把这一现象告诉你在美国的笔友Peter,并告诉他你的想法。

注意:

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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