• 英语 临沂市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在

答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

If you can’t wait until the summer for your sunshine fix,why not fly off on a winter break? Here are some great deals for all budgets.1.ST LUCIA

The beachside resort(度假胜地)of St James’s Club in Morgan Bay is fairly quiet—the local market is nearly 5kin away—but it has six bars,six restaurants and four outdoor pools.There are plenty of watersports,you can travel through the rainforest,go on a jeep trip or enjoy dolphin-Spot-ting.Average temperature in March is 27℃.THE DEAL:A seven-night stay with flights from Gatwick for 1,429pp.From March 1.2.GOA

With an average February temperature of 26℃,scenic Goa makes for a warm winter get’away. In the village of Arpora,the Resorte Marinha Dourada is a 10-minute walk from the clear beach—the hotel provides transfers for guests.Alternatively,relax by the outdoor pool and have a drink at one of the hotel’s two bars.A visit to Arpora’s lively Saturday night market is also recommended.Go bird-watching,beating on the lake,or fishing.

THE DEAL:10 nights’bed and breakfast with flights from Manchester for 1,157pp.From February 18.3.DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Bayahibe is a beautiful fishing village on the shores of the Caribbean and it is also the Dominican Republic’s premier scuba-diving destination.There are around 20 dive sites just off its coast. Enjoy golf,spas,watersports and large outdoor pools.If you simply want to relax,the.Catalonia Gran Dominicus hotel is right on a pure white sandy beach,complete with palm trees.With average February temperature of 28℃,it’s the perfect escape.THE DEAL:A seven-night stay with Gatwick flights for 1,403pp.From February 20.4.SOUTH AFRICA

February is summer in South Africa,with average temperatures in the mid-20s℃.If you fancy chilling out in the sunshine,the Southern Sun Waterfront hotel has a large outdoor poo1.But it is also in the heart of the city,which makes it easy to explore its many historic attractions.Take a cable car ride up Table Mountain,or a short boat trip to Robben Island,where Nelson Mandela was held prisoner.

THE DEAL:10 nights for 1,662pp,with Heathrow flights.From February 18.

1.If you are only available in March,which resort should you choose?

AST LUCIA

BGOA

CDOMINICAN REPUBLIC

DSOUTH AFRICA

2.What’s the price for the deal including underwater exploration?

A£1,429pp.

B£1,157pp.

C£1,403pp.

D£1,662pp.

3.What do these resorts have in common?

AThe same average temperature.

BThe outdoor pools.

CThe local markets.

DThe clear beaches.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

“I honestly have no idea how that cat got up there.It’s a hundred—foot—metal pole.There’s no way he climbed that thing,”Jim said to the worried woman.It wasn’t even her cat,but she was passing by and saw it.immediately calling the fire—station to come to save it.Jim saw a lot of strange things as a fireman,often sad or upsetting things,but this was new.

“I suppose we could get the blanket and see if we can convince the poor cat to jump down· But he doesn’t really look too scared…”Jim said to the woman.

“Dave,get over here!”Jim called over his shoulder to the fire truck driver.Dave walked over and looked where Jim was pointing.

“How’d he get up there?”

Jim shrugged,similarly puzzled.“Do you suppose we could get the blanket and convince him to jump?”

Dave shrugged in response.“I don’t see why not.”

Jim looked up at the black mass on the top of the flagpole,the American nag waving proudly beneath him.It was definitely a cat,and he regarded the people gathered below as if they were his subjects(臣民)and he their king,his yellow eyes scanning his surroundings with apparent disinterest.

When the blanket was spread out below the cat,Jim and Dave began striking the flagpole.The cat looked down,and then gazed into the sky as if it were looking for something.Jim and Dave followed his gaze.Suddenly,out of the clear sky,appeared a dark figure.The figure swooped(俯冲)low toward the flagpole.It was an eagle! As it got closer,the cat leaped down the pole swiftly onto the ground,and then got lost in the bushes.

Jim,Dave,and the old woman were left with their mouths open.They all agreed it was the best way to get it down.

4.Why did the woman call the firestation?

ABecause the pole was on fire.

BBecause her cat was missing.

CBecause she felt it was strange.

DBecause she wanted to save the cat.

5.What does the underlined word“him”refer to?

AThe cat.

BJim.

CThe king.

DDave.

6.What did the firemen plan to do at first?

ATo strike the pole.

BTo spread the blanket.

CTo shout at the cat.

DTo shrug helplessly.

7.Who saved the cat?

AAn eagle.

BThe firemen.

CThe cat itself.

DThe people around.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

This Monday,the nation will start to celebrate Presidents’Day,just seven days before George Washington’s birthday.Everyone agrees that day is a holiday,but is it just to celebrate George Washington’s Birthday? What about Abraham Lincoln? Some government offices call it Presidents’ Day.Others say the holiday is officially Washington’s Birthday.Confused yet?

George Washington was elected the country’s first President on April 30,1789.Soon after,Americans began publicly celebrating his birthday.Presidential historians say the actual date of George Washington’s birth is February 11,1732.But a change in the calendar system 20 years later shifted all dates,making Washington’s birthday February 22,which is now well accepted.In 1879.Congress made Washington’s birthday an official federal holiday.It was the first federal holiday to celebrate an individual’s birthday.In 1968,Congress passed the Monday Holidays Act,which moved the holiday to the third Monday in February.The newlaw did not change the holiday’s name.It was still called Washington’s Birthday,even though some lawmakers wanted to call it Presidents’ Day to include Abraham Lincoln,whose actual birthday is February 12.

Many people argue that the holiday should celebrate all past Presidents.They feel Lincoln should be honored for his role in preserving the nation during the Civil War and helping to free slaves.Others feel the holiday should only honor Washington.the country’s first President.They say shifting the focus away from Washington would mean future generations of kids would not know about the Father of Our Country.

Laws have been introduced in Congress over the years to require use of the term“George Washington’s Birthday.”but none of those laws have been passed.Meanwhile,many state governments and school districts now use the term“Presidents’Day.”Many stoles also use it to promote holiday sales.

Should the holiday honor Washington,Washington and Lincoln,or all past Presidents? Write to emailbag@timeforkids.com and tell us what you think.

8.The President’s Day was originally designed to honor______.

AGeorge Washington

BAbraham Lincoln

Call presidents

Dthe Civil War

9.What can we infer from the passage?

AWashington’s Birthday is the same as Lincoln’s.

BThe change in the calendar system was not wise.

CThe new act changed the holiday’s name.

DThis Monday is the third one of this February.

10.What’s the main argument about this holiday?

AWhen to celebrate the holiday.

BHow to celebrate the holiday.

CWhich president to honor.

DWhere to celebrate the holiday.

11.What’s the best title for this passage?

AWhy people celebrate President Day.

BThe history and debate behind Presidents’ Day

CTo celebrate Presidents’ Day or not

DColorful activities on Presidents’ Day

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Sometimes,you just can’t help it.Maybe you’re watching a sad movie,or thinking about the friend who moved away.Next thing you know,your eyes are watering,and you have tears running down your cheeks.Why do people cry when they are emotional? What are tears? Scientists are working hard to find the answers to these questions.

Ad Vingerhoets is a professor of psychology at Tilburg University,in the Netherlands.He is one of the few scientists in the world who have studied crying.According to Vingerhoets,there are three types of tears.Basal tears are the first type.They lubricate(润滑)the eyes and act as a protective barrier between the eye and the rest of the World.Next are reflex tears.They wash your eyes clean when something gets in them.Finally,there are emotional tears.“These are released in response to emotional states,”explains Vingerhoets.“Especially when we feel helpless.”

Scientists believe that crying has something to do with how humans developed and learned to depend on each other.“Humans are very complex social creatures,”says Lauren Bylsma,a professor at the University of Pittsburgh,in Pennsylvania.“It seems that tears serve to arouse help and support.from others,’’She says.“Another reason we weep is that humans have the longest developmental period of almost any animal.It takes a long time to grow up.”

Vingerhoets agrees.“I think that the reason why humans shed tears(流眼泪)has something to do with our childhood,”he says.“That’s the time when we are stir dependent on adults for love and protection and care.The major advantage of emotional tears is that you can target them at a specific person.”Vingerhoets says this ability to target someone could have come in hand in prehistoric times,when humans were living among dangerous animals.Crying could attract predators(捕食者).Tears were a safer way to get attention.In this case,it is better to use a silent signal to ask for help,”he says.

Vingerhoets and Bylsma do frequent studies to better understand why humans cry.According to Byhma,there is still much more to discover.“It’s surprising,”she says,“how much we stiil don’t know.”

12.Which of the following is reflex tears?

ATears when eyes are dry.

BTears moved by a story.

CTears released when crying.

DTears when dirt gets into eyes.

13.What’s the function of tears according to Bylsma?

AIt helps human develop longer.

BIt helps humans attract predators.

CIt helps arouse attention.

DIt helps people to be independent.

14.What can we learn from the passage?

AEmotional tears are better than reflex tears.

BBasal tears are a type of protective barrier.

CTears helped frighten predators away.

DIt’s easy to understand why humans cry.

15.What’s the main idea of this passage?

AWhy people shed tears.

BWhen people shed tears.

CHow people shed tears.

DWhere people shed tears.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题10分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

16.根据短文内容。从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

The days when a cellphone was used for nothing beyond calling and texting are gone.Today,we turn smart phones into magical machines with apps that transform them into musical instruments or business machines or video players.But it turns out that we are only searching the surface.Who knew that smart phones would make pretty good satellites? 16Smart phones forecast the weatherNetworking expert OpenSignal has discovered something interesting:the sensors in Android phones designed to measure battery temperature,light,pressure and 80 on can be used to generate surprisingly accurate weather reports.17Smart phones save the rainforestsDetecting illegal logging(盗伐)may sound like a novel app,18 :in Indonesia,the non-profit organization Rainforest Connection’wants to use donated Android phones to detect illegal logging.As New scientist reports,“The phones are equipped with solar panels specifically designed to take advantage of the brief periods when light reaches the forest floor.Their microphones stay on at all time,and the software listens for the sound of a chainsaw(链锯).”19Researchers at the university of Illinois have developed an iPhones app that turns the phone into a fully featured mobile medical lab that uses the phone’s camera to detect proteins,bacteria,viruses and other organisms. Smart phones drive carsGoogle’s self-driving cars carry around $30,000 of high-tech hardware and sensors,but students at Australia’s Griffith University think they can get the job done with a single smart phone.20 A.but it,s a serious businessB.Here are some uses for smart phones. The makers probably didn’t imagine.C.so it can be used to detect the sound of a chainsawD.It has been used in many fieldsE.Get enough phones involved and you will have a weather sensing networkF.Smart phones serve as mobile medical labsG.They have built a model that relies mainly on the phone’s camera and built—in GPS

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I was coming back from home late at night in a‘Sharing’mini van(厢式货车).In Hydera- bad,India,it is a cheap and quick form of .The van driver picked up as many as 13 people at times in a vehicle which is for the transport of 8.So our van was very

Making her way to the of the van,a school girl with a bag the driver to stop.While getting down,she slipped and fell.None of us it,as it was dark outside.The driver was for her to pay.It was then that we saw that the girl was on her by the side of the road.Another passenger and l got down and held her up.

Even in ,she held up a note and asked us to pay the driver.The other passenger took the note and paid the driver.My was a few hundred meters away.As a girl, I knew I’d get off and stay with her in the .So I paid up the driver for and he drove away with the other passengers.

I neither her nor did I know what to do.But I was there,gaving some words to another girl in pain. I asked her to stand for a few while.I then looked for a place for her to sit.Then I her friend and waited there.She was rushed to a nearby clinic later.Before leaving,she thanked me for and we hugged goodbye.

The night breezes were blowing upon my cheek as I walked home,with a feeling of relief.

21.

A1ife

Btransport

Cactivity

Dcommunication

22.

Adesigned

Bbought

Corganized

Dpowered

23.

Aheavy

Bnoisy

Ccrowded

Dawkward

24.

Adriver

Bwindow

Cdoor

Dseat

25.

Aguided

Bsuggested

Cadmitted

Dsignaled

26.

Anoticed

Bmanaged

Crecognized

Dstood

27.

Acaring

Breaching

Cwaiting
D.planning

28.

Aback

Bknees

Cfeet

Down

29.

Aimmediately

Bdoubtfully

Cnaturally

Danxiously

30.

Asilence

Bsurprise

Cvain

Dpain

31.

Apatient

Bhelpful

Cgenerous

Dsecret

32.

Ahome

Bstop

Ccar

Dschool

33.

Adark

Brain

Cwind

Dvan

34.

Ahimself

Bherself

Cmyself

Ditself

35.

Aignored

Bpersuaded

Cpromised

Dknew

36.

Aanxious

Bsorrow

Ccomforting

Dsatisfying

37.

Aup

Bstraight

Cstill

Dout

38.

Afound

Bphoned

Cbrought

Dsaw

.【分值】1.5分

39.

Acompany

Bsupport

Cbravery

Dconvenience

40.

Ahard

Bhappily

Cwillingly

Dgently

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I was living a life in my screen and hardly noticed what (be)around me.I was always checking the time and thinking of future (plan).My thought was:“Who’s going to text me now? What will I do next?”My bedtime routine was usually centered one thing:my phone. I went to sleep,I browsed through news websites and checked my emails.When I woke up in the middle of the night.I did the some thing.The problem with this was that I felt anxious every night.

So when my friends invited me (go)for a long weekend camping without the cell service,I thought this was (exact)what I needed.Here’s how (keep)away from my phone for 48 hours changed me and my way of life.

Without my phone,I (fall)asleep listening to the songs of frogs and crickets.In the morning,I woke up energy.Sitting by the river,riding a bike,or singing the old songs,I (true)enjoyed what I was doing.

I felt free without my phone at weekend camp, changed me completely.I listened to what my body wanted instead of what my phone was telling me to do.

41.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共10分。
1

51.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误。每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线。并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

This morning I saw off my aunt at railway station.There were many passenger in the waiting room.I saw an old lady crying sad because she had lost her ticket and not able to afford another one.I was thinking about helping her when a man come up to comfort her.Then he bought her a ticket with his own money.The old Lady was 150 moving that she could hardly say a word.She grasped his hand and asked for his name or address.But he only smile and said,“It’s my pleasure.”Then he left away quickly.I was greatly moved by such a man he warmed others with his love.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52. 假如你是李华,你的美国朋友Jamie发邮件告诉你他对中国传统文学非常感兴趣,但是在阅读时遇到了很多困难,比如很多汉字不认识,读不懂文章的意思等等,希望得到你的帮助。请用英文给Jamie回邮件。

内容要点如下:1.表示理解并给予安慰;2.提出建议并说明理由。

注意:1.词数100左右:2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。信中不能出现本人相关信息。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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