Tom is studying in Oxford and has just bought a new bike. He is worried about security. His
friend found this article and sent it to him.
A lot of crime is against bicycles. Many bicycles are stolen every year and most are never found. You can prevent this happening by following a few careful steps.
Do not leave your bicycle in out-of-the-way places. Always lock your bicycle when you leave. Secure it to lampposts（灯柱）or trees. Take off small parts and take them with you, for example lights and saddles（车座）．
Get a good lock. There are many different types in the shop. Buy one that has been tested
against attack. Ask for advice from a bike shop.
There are a number of companies who will mark your bicycle for you. They will then put your registration number and personal details in their computer database. Then if your bicycle is found it will be easy to get in touch with you.
Keep a record of the bicycle yourself. its make, model and registration number. You can even
Take a photograph of it. This will prove the bicycle belongs to you.
21. The article advises you to keep a record of your bicycle .
22. Which part of the article gives you information on how to lock up your bicycle when you leave it?
23. The main purpose of this article is .
When I was watching a sports event yesterday, I met with an amazing sight. It was not a gold medal, or a world record broken, but a show of pure courage and determination.
The event was swimming. I watched a man dive off the blocks and knew right away that something was wrong. I'm not an expert swimmer, but I can tell a good dive from a poor one, and this was not exactly medal quality. When he resurfaced, it was evident that the man was not out for gold - his arms were waving in an attempt at freestyle.
I heard the crowd begin to laugh at this poor man who was clearly having a hard time. Finally he made his turn to start back. It was pitiful. He made a few desperate strokes (划水) and you could tell he was worn out. But in those few awkward strokes, the crowd changed. No longer were they laughing, but beginning to cheer. Some even began to stand and yell things like, "Come on, you can do it!" He did. The crowd went wild.
Just a short year ago, he had never even swum, let alone race. His country had been invited to
take part in the event. Even though he recorded the slowest time, this man gave more heart than any of the other competitors------a man that gave his all, knowing that he had no chance but to compete because of the spirit of the games.
24. We know from the passage that the swimmer .
25. What can be learned from the last two paragraphs?
26. The author's attitude towards the swimmer is that of .
27. Which one is the best title of the story?
It could happen just about any time you step out in public. You get onto an almost-empty bus,
but the next passenger in decides to ignore dozens of empty seats to sit right next to you. While
you're waiting in line at a supermarket, the next customer insists on standing only two inches behind you and shouting into his cell-phone. You go into a public restroom, and the next person to enter decides to use the next stall. Transgressions(冒犯) like these don't just make us feel uncomfortable; we often feel anxious, alarmed; and violated(被侵犯的 ). it is the attack of the personal-space invaders.
In any society, shared definitions of personal space govern how we interact with other people.
People living in densely(密集地) populated cities like Mumbai, Beijing, or Mexico City tend to
require less personal space than people living in sparsely(稀少地) populated places within the
country. In America, New Yorkers often have smaller requirements than residents of western states, like Montana, Shenandoah and Wyoming. Because everyone has different standards, gestures that are innocent in one place can be interpreted as opposite in another, especially in Britain.
As the British etiquette(礼仪) website Debrett puts it, as a British person, somebody standing too close may make you " focus less on what somebody is saying than on how close they are to you ".Simple acts like putting an arm around someone you don't know may seem friendly in China, but they can make us very uncomfortable. People from many European countries such as France and Spain kiss each other on the cheek when they meet, yet to British person, this seems too friendly and" touch-freely". The website explains! "The British are not backslappers(拍人后背的人) and generally do not show affection in public". .
Are British people unfriendly? Far from it. The website adds that they are not as "stand-offish and aloof” as they may seem, but very friendly and helpful to foreigners. However, remember not to be too close. If you are going to come closer than an arm's length, please let them know.
28. According to the passage, if you were meeting a British for the first time, it would be polite of
you to .
29. According to the passage, who tend to require more personal space?
30. The underlined word "stand-offish and aloof' in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to a
31. What can we conclude from the article?
Suppose you have three things: a piece of wood, a nail and a hammer. Pretend the wood is a
person, and the nail is a mean rumor(语言) about that person. If you hammer the nail in, you're
obviously hurting him or her. If you then pull out the nail, there's still a hole in the wood, and the
damage has been done.
There are many reasons why that nail of a rumor can be so harmful. Rumors are, quite simply, a form of bullying(欺侮). When a person or a group makes up a rumor about someone or decides to spread gossip, it's usually to hurt someone, break up a friendship, or make someone less popular. It's the same thing as teasing, only it's done behind someone's back instead of to his or her face.
When you spread a rumor about someone, you're sending a signal that the person is outside the group, and somehow less worthy of friendship than others. You're making fun of that person or
pointing out negative things about him or her. This can let others think that it's OK to make the
person feel bad, and make him or her an outsider.
We need to be able to trust our friends, but gossip and rumors can break this l:rust. If you tell a personal secret to a friend, and he turns around and tells it to someone else, you might feel like you will get burned if you ever get close to him again.
Letting a rumor influence your behavior is like letting someone else make a big decision for you. Let's say you hear that a teacher plans to call a Snowy Day tomorrow because a blizzard（暴风雪） is coming. Expecting a day off, you don't do your homework as usual. The next morning, the blizzard turns out to be nothing more than a drizzle(毛毛雨), and school isn't off atter all. You get zeroes on your work.
32. If a rumor is spread about someone, others may .
33. To tell the rumor and the teasing apart, you depend on
34. From the last paragraph, we can infer that .
35. The purpose of this passage is to .
Why do many people take vacations frequently? We need to take time out from work to relax,
and just be ourselves. 36_ .We should all be allowed to leave our jobs behind us-----at least for a
few weeks each year-and just have fun. This might be something as simple as reading a good book
in front of a warm fireplace through to traveling to the most interesting places on our planet.
Whatever we fancy doing is worth taking time out for.
As we know, workplace stress is on the rise. 37_ .These include disease, depression and even death. We all seem to be running from one place to the next, never finding out where we want to go in the first place. I intend to break that trend in the coming days. 38_ I will sleep late, write, watch movies, drink the occasional glass of wine, and eat to my heart's content, ignoring calorie counting. My plan is to just enjoy the fleeting（飞逝的）moments of being alive.
39_ Spend your next vacation the way you want; Do what will restore your mental health.
You're very valuable to the people who are close to you, and to those who depend on it. Like it or not, we are all interdependent（互相依存的）in this great life of ours.
there's no doubt that you are valuable. Just remember that the next time you look at a mirror
and take a deep breath. Remind yourself that there will never be anyone like you ever on this earth
again. 40_And only you know how to take a vacation in your way 1you have to do is just ask yourself what you want to do.
A. Draw up a detailed plan so that you can see more.
B. With it come many health problems.
C. When you finally get home you'll be greatly refreshed.
D. Life is not all about work, or at least it shouldn't be.
E. And only you know how to take a vacation in your way.
F. I challenge each one of you to do the same.
G. For my next holiday, l will do all the things that I love doing.
Across the street from where we live, there stands a big hospital. To earn some money, we
rented the rooms upstairs to patients. One evening, there was a(n) 41_ at the door.1 opened it
and saw a short old man who was hardly 42_ than my eight-year-old son. But the worst thing
was his face----it was 43_ ugly. He told me he'd been 44_ a room since that noon but no
one seemed to have one.For a moment I hesitated, not 45_ to rent him a room, but his next
words convinced me. He said,“I could 46_ on this chair. My bus leaves early in the morning."I told him we would find him a 47_ .
It wasn't a long time before I found that this old man had a 48_ heart in that tiny body. He fished for a living to 49bd_blank his daughter, his daughter's children, and her disabled husband. He
didn't tell it by way of complaint. Instead, he was 50_ that no pain was caused by his disease
and that he still had strength to keep going. At 51_ ,we put a camp cot（吊床）in my children's
room for him. 52_ he left the next morning, he asked, “Could I please come back and 53_
when I see the doctor next time? Grown-ups are bothered by my 54_ .but children don't seem to 55_ . ”1 told him he was welcome to come again.
On his next trip, he brought a big fish and a bag of the largest oysters（牡蛎）I had ever seen.
Other times we received 56_ in the mail. There were oysters, fish or some fresh vegetables.
57_ how little money he had and that he must walk three miles to 58_ these made these gifts
much more precious. And from him we 59_ what it was to accept the bad without complaint and
the good 60_ gratitude.
Clever student as Dongfang Liang is. he was badly addicted 61_ online games a year ago.
He often slipped to cybercafes at night, 62bd_blank (feel) very sleepy in class in the daytime. 63_
(need) to say, he got poor marks in all subjects. No matter what I advised, no matter 64_ I。
punished him, he still broke the rule. Later I 65_ (arrange) his parents to rent a small house near。
our school to keep him company, or exactly speaking, to supervise him. But only a week later, I
noticed him fall asleep constantly again. He must have played other tricks secretly. This time I
demanded that his father 66_ (sleep) with him in the same bedroom and watch him 67_ (close).Following my advice, his father did 68_ .Hardly has Dongfang Liang felt sleepy in class ever since, and he has made great progress in study.
Last week, believe it 69_ not, he sheepishly(难为情地)admitted having read some e-books
under his quilt while he was lying 70_ bed before his father slept in his room. It is online games，that poison our teenagers' minds deeply.
Volunteer travel, that is familiar to foreigners, has nowadays become more and more popular in China Young travelers volunteer to work for youth hostels so that they can eat and live there for
something. At the same time, they can enjoy the local scenery on their spare time.