• 英语 合肥市2017年高三第一次联合考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共45分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

It’s interesting that technology often works as a servant for us, yet frequently we become a servant to it.E-mail is a useful tool but many feel controlled by this new tool. The average business person is getting about 80 e-mails per day and many feel that about 80% of the messages in their “Inbox” are of little or no value. So, I have four suggestions to help you to become better at “Erasing E-mail”.

(1)Get off the lists. The best way to deal with a problem is to never have it. If you are receiving a lot of unwanted e-mails, ask to be removed from the various lists. This would include your inclusion in unwanted lists.

(2)Unlistd address”. Just as you keep an “unlisted” telephone number that you share only with those whom you want to have direct access to, you might want to get a separate e-mail address only for the important communications you wish to receive.

(3)Check it once or twice per day. Many I speak with are becoming chained to their email server, monitoring incoming email continuously. Maybe this is because e-mail creates its own sense of urgency, but most of the communications are not all that urgent. I respond to them a couple of times per day.

(4)Deal with it. As you open each e-mail, do one of the following:

a. If it requires a quick response, respond to it and delete it.

b. If it requires a response but is not the best use of your time, try to find someone else to do it.

c. If it is going to take any serious amount of time to respond, schedule it for action in your Day Planner and

then download the message, save it, or print it out for future action.

I personally receive about 250 e-mails per day and by practicing the suggestions above, I can handle that

volume in about an hour, taking advantage of this fantastic tool but not being controlled by it to make sure I’m doing more important tasks in my day.

1. For the important communications, the writer suggests that you ( )

Ahave a direct access for them

Bhave several e-mail servers for them

Cget a separate e-mail address for them

Dget an unlisted phone number for them

2. To avoid being chained by the coming e-mails, what you can do is to ( )

Arespond urgent ones only

Breply to all of them at the same time

Chandle them a couple of times daily

Dkeep replying to e-mails all day long

3. To deal with an e-mail you get, you can do the following EXCEPT ( )

Aresponding right away if it’s urgent

Bdownloading every e-mail before you reply

Cscheduling it for later reply if it takes much time

Dasking someone else to reply to it if it’s not at your convenience

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

For almost two months Dominic York, a 23-year-old hairdresser, wandered about hospitals at night, wearing a white coat and pretending he was a doctor. Yesterday he proudly claimed in court that despite his complete lack of medical experience or qualifications, he had saved several people’s lives. He had even been allowed to assist a surgeon during an emergency operation on a patient who was about to die on something she had swallowed.

“I watched one of those TV dramas about a hospital and suddenly I felt like playing one of the roles myself. So I put on a white jacket and a stethoscope(听诊器) and walked around one of the biggest hospitals in London. At first I just watched. Once you learn how doctors talk to patients, nurses and other doctors, it’s easy to take people in,” he said. One of the patients he treated was Laura Kennan. She had been knocked down by a car and fainted. When she came into hospital, York was standing over her.“He looked very professional. He told me his name was Doctor Simon. Then he gave me some sort of injection,” she said. And then he suddenly cleared off when a nurse asked who he was. She didn’t think there was anything wrong. “I would never have realized he was a fake if a policewoman hadn’t showed me his photograph a week later. When the policewoman told me who he really was, I could hardly believe my ears. Judge Raymond Adams told York that he was “shocked and horrified” that he got away with his cheating for so long, and then sentenced him to eighteen months in a special prison for criminals with mental disorders. “I can only hope that his will not lead to further problem. After all, you will have considerable opportunity to

study the behavior of the psychiatrists(精神科医生) who will look after you while you are there. If you try to persuade people that you yourself are a psychiatrist after you are set free, I shall make sure that you are given a much longer sentence,” Judge Adams warned York.

4. York was proud of the fact that ( )

Aa surgeon let him watch an operation

Bhe could perform some duties of a doctor

Che had cheated doctors for so long

Dpeople thought he could become a real doctor

5.York learned how to behave like a doctor by ( )

Awatching other doctors work

Btalking to doctors and nurses

Cgetting some training and experience

Dobserving doctors while he was a patient

6.Why was Laura Kennan in hospital? ( )

AShe had swallowed something and almost died

BShe had to have an emergency operation

CShe had been injured in a road accident

DShe had lost consciousness while driving

7.The judge’s remark implied that York would be more severely punished if he ( )

Apretended to be a psychiatrist

Btried to get away from prison

Cwas proud of what he had done

Dstudied the behavior of the psychiatrist

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

How I Turned to Be Optimistic I began to grow up that winter night when my parents and I were returning from my aunt’s house,and my mother said that we might soon be leaving for America.We were on the bus then.I was crying,and some people on the bus were turning around to look at me.I remember that I could not bear the thought of never hearing again the radio programs for school children to which I listened every morning. I do not remember myself crying for this reason again.In fact,I think I cried very little when I was saying goodbye to my friends and relatives.When we were leaving I thought about all the places I was going to see—the strange and magical places I had known only from books and pictures.The country I was leaving never to come back was hardly in my head then.

The four years that followed taught me the importance of optimism,but the idea did not come to me at once. For the first two years in New York I was really lost—having to study in three schools as a result of family moves. I did not quite know what I was or what I should be. Mother remarried,and things became even more complex for me. Some time passed before my stepfather and I got used to each other. I was often sad,and saw no end to “the hard times”.

My responsibilities in the family increased a lot since I knew English better than everyone else at home.I wrote letters,filled out forms,translated at interviews with immigration officers,took my grandparents to the doctor and translated there,and even discussed telephone bills with company representatives.

From my experiences I have learned one important rule:almost all common troubles eventually go away! Something good is certain to happen in the end when you do not give up,and just wait a little!I believe that my life will turn out all right,even though it will not be that easy.

8.How did the author get to know America before she went there? ( )

AFrom her relatives.

BFrom her mother.

CFrom books and pictures.

DFrom radio programs.

9.Upon leaving for America the author felt ( )

Aconfused

Bexcited

Cfrightened

DAmazed

10.For the first two years in New York,the author ( )

Aoften lost her way

Bdid not think about her future

Cstudied in three different schools

Dgot on well with her stepfather

11.What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4? ( )

AShe worked as a translator.

BShe attended a lot of job interviews.

CShe paid telephone bills for her family.

DShe helped her family with her English.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

A university graduate described as a “respectable and intelligent” woman is seeking professional help after being convicted of (证明有……罪)shoplifting for the second time in six months.

Ana Luz, recently studying for her PhD, has been told she could end up behind bars unless she can control the desire to steal from shops.

Luz ,who lives with her partner in Fitzwilliam Road ,Cambridge ,admitted stealing clothes worth £9.95 from John Lewis in Oxford Street, London,on March 9.

Phillip Lemoyne,prosecuting(起诉),said Luz selected some clothes from a display and took them to the ladies’ toilet in the store. When she came out again she was wearing one of the skirts she had selected ,having taken off the anti-theft security alarms.

She was stopped and caught after leaving the store without paying, Mr. Lemoyne said.

He added that she was upset on her arrest and apologized for her actions.

Luz, 28, was said to have been convicted of shoplifting by Cambridge judges last October, but Morag Duff, defending, said she had never been in trouble with the police before that.

“She is ashamed and embarrassed but doesn’t really have any explanation why she did this,” Miss Duff said. “She didn’t intend to steal when she went into the store .She is at a loss to explain it. She is otherwise a very respectable and intelligent young lady. She went to her doctor and asked for advice because she wants to know if there is anything in particular that caused her to do this.” Judge David Azan fined Luz £50, and warned : “You’ve got a criminal record. If you carry on like this, you will end up in prison, which will ruin your bright future you may have.” Luz achieved a degree in design at university in her native Spain,went on to a famous university in Berlin,

Germany for her master’s degree and is now studying for a PhD at Cambridge University,UK.

12. What does the underlined sentence “She is at a loss to explain it”mean? ( )

AIn her opinion it was a loss to the clothes shops where she stole things .

BShe doesn’t have any idea why she has the desire to steal from shops .

CShe thinks it is a loss for her to explain why she stole things from shops.

DPersonally she feels ashamed and embarrassed for her shoplifting actions.

13.Which of the following best explains the meaning of the word “shoplifting” used in the passage? ( )

ACarrying goods in a lift for a shop.

BTaking goods to the ladies’ toilet.

CSelecting some goods from a display.

DTaking goods from a shop without paying.

14.From the passage we can learn that ( )

AAna Luz is already got her PhD at Cambridge University, UK

BAna Luz is ashamed and embarrassed and knows why she often did so

Cthe university graduate will be put in prison if she steals in shops once more

DPhillip Lemoyne is the “respectable and intelligent” woman’s defense lawyer

15.What would be the best title for the passage? ( )

AShoplifting Shame of a PhD Student

BApologizing for the Actions in Shops

CSeeking Professional Help from Experts

DControlling the Desire to Steal from Shops

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

“Equal pay for equal work” is a phrase by the American women who feel they are ___ _ ___(fair) treated by society. They think it is not right for women to be paid less than men for the ___ _ ____amount of work. Some people say men have more duties than women. A married man has to earn money to support his family and make important ___ _ ___ (decide), so it is right for them to be paid more. Some are even against married women ___ _ __(work)at all. When wives go out to work, they say, the home and children are given no attention

___ _ ___. If women are encouraged by equal pay to take up jobs, they will ___ _ ___(able) to do the things that they are best at doing: making a nice home and bringing ___ _ ___ children. Women who disagree say that they want to escape from the ___ _ ___(limit)place which society wishes them to fill and have ___ _ __ freedom to choose between a job and home life, ___ _ ___ a mixture of the two. In fact women have the right not only to

equal pay but also to equal chances.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Avoid Internet Addiction

__ _ __ Many people suffer from addition to the Internet and have a hard time paying attention to the important things around them. How can we prevent ourselves from going online too much?

Admit you have an addition. ___ _ __ Realize more and more people in the world are becoming addicted.You are not the only one with this problem. Do not be embarrassed; find others with the same problem and help each other beat it.

Limit your computer time. Make sure not to turn it on too many times a week. Before using your computer,decide on a time limit such as 10 minutes. Set the clock and make sure that you get off the computer when the time is up.___ _ __ Try using the computer at the library. You won’t be as attracted to look at certain websites and they do have a limit on how long you can stay online. ___ _ ____. So you won’t be as attracted to be on the Internet as

at home. ___ _ ___ Go for a run with a friend or get exercise some other way. Keep up with the local events in your neighborhood. There may be talks, films, concerts and sports events etc. Find some, as long as it is not on the

Internet, and get involved.

AYou will be happier if you use the Internet less.

BThere is no use avoiding the truth.

CAlso, it is a good place to get some good books and magazines to read.

DGet a hobby or an interest.

EInternet addition affects a lot of people.

FGet your friends to remind you if you’ve been on a long time.

GTry to reduce the amount of time by 5 minutes each time

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

That holiday morning I didn't have to attend school. Usually,on holidays,Mother___ _ ____me to sleep in.And I would certainly take full advantage of it.On this particular morning,__ _ __I felt like getting up early. I stood by my window overlooking the ___ _ ___ having nothing better to do.But as it turned out,I was soon to learn about something___ _ ____ in life.

As I watched several people go by,get into their cars and go off,I ___ _ ___an old man on a bicycle with a bucket on its __ _ ___and a basket of rags and bottles on its back-carriage . He __ _ ____from one car to another,washing and cleaning them.From the water on the ground,it seemed that he had already __ _ ____ washing and cleaning about a dozen or more cars.He must have begun to work quite early in the morning.Several thoughts ___ _ ____ my mind as I watched him work.He wasn’t well-dressed. He had on a pair of shorts and a(n) _ ____ T-shirt . The bicycle he rode was not by any means the kind modern___ _ ____ would want to be seen riding on.But he seemed ____ _ ____with life.There he was,working hard at his small business,___ _ ___ at passers-by and stopping to chat now and then ___ _ ____elderly men and women on their

way to the market nearby.There was a noticeable touch of ___ _ ___ in the way he seemed to be doing things----____ __thewindscreen(挡风玻璃),then standing back to admire it;scrubbing(擦净)the wheels and ___ _ ___ , standing back to see what they look like after the scrub.

It was a ___ _ _to learn,I felt.At no age need one have to beg for a ___ _ ____if one has good health and is willing to work hard.For a while I felt ___ _ ____of myself.Young as I am just sixteen,and there was this

old man who must have been usefully engaged perhaps before the sun appeared above the horizon.

21.

Aallows

Bforces

Ccauses

Dforbids

22.

Aotherwise

Bhowever

Ctherefore

Dbesides

23.

Abus stop

Bparking lot

Cschool

Dmarket

24.

Auseful

Bsurprising

Cawful

Dinteresting

25.

Acalled

Brecognized

Cnoticed

Dassisted

26.

Ahandle

Bback

Cwheel

Dseat

27.

Asearched

B1eft

Cwandered

Dmoved

28.

Astopped

Bfinished

Cintended

Dstarted

29.

Adisturbed

Bslipped

Ccrossed

Dinspired

30.

Asimple

Bshiny

Cattractive

Dexpensive

31.

Arepairmen

Bcyclists

Cdrivers

Dbusinessmen

32.

Acontent

Bbusy

Ccareful

Dbored

33.

A1aughing

B1ooking

Cwaving

Dpointing

34.

Aabout

Bfor

C1ike

Dwith

35.

Aworry

Bpride

Csympathy

Drespect

36.

Afixing

Bcleaning

Creplacing

Dcovering

37.

Astill

Bagain

Cyet

Dsoon

38.

A1esson

Bsubject

Cskill

Dfact

39.

Abusiness

Bsuccess

C1iving

Dright

40.

Aashamed

Bdoubtful

Cfearful

Dtired

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题10分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

51.短文改错

Last weekend our school hold a sports meeting. Realizing it was our last school sports meeting, we decided to make it unforgettable experience. We first attended the opening ceremony, for whom our class had made a lot of preparations. Much for our excitement, our performance was a success. My classmates took part in various event, such as running, high jump and long jump. Due to the hard training the athletes have done before, their performance was very impressively.

My classmates applauded and cheered for the athletes, some raising their cameras to capture the excited moments. The result was announced. Our class won the second place and our efforts were paid off! Cup in hand, we took apicture together proudly. This sports meeting will be a precious memory for all of them as time goes by.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52._________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

____Best wishes ! ___________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua__

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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