• 英语 哈尔滨市2017年高三第三次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共100分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

I am a good mother to three children. I have tried never to let my profession stand in the way of being a good parent.

I no longer consider myself the center of the universe. I show up. I listen. I try to laugh. I am a good friend to my husband. I have tried to make marriage vows (誓约)mean what they say. I am a good friend to my friends. And they to me. Without them, there would be nothing to say to you today.

So here’s what I wanted to tell you today: Get a life. A real life, not a desire of the next promotion, the bigger paycheck, the larger house.

Get a life in which you are not alone. Find people you love, and who love you. And remember that love is not leisure, it is work. Pick up the phone. Send an email. Write a letter. And realize that life is the best thing and that you have no business taking it for granted.

It is so easy to waste our lives, our days, our hours and our minutes. It is so easy to exist instead of to live. I learned to live many years ago. Something really, really bad happened to me, something that changed my life in ways that, if I could choose, it would never have been changed at all. And what I learned from it is what, today, seems to be the hardest lesson of all.

I learned to love the journey, not the destination, I learned to look at all the good in the world and try to give some of it back because I believed in it, completely and totally. And I tried to do that, in part, by telling others what I had learned.

By telling them this: Read in the backyard with the sun on your face, Learn to be happy, and think of life as a deadly illness, because if you do, you will live it with joy and passion as it ought to be lived.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文。作者主要阐述了自己对待生活的观点,要过真正的生活,享受生活,找到你爱的人和爱你的人,不要浪费生命,自己去选择自己想过的生活。

21. The best title of this passage probably is _____________.

ALove your friends

BLive a real life

CDon’t waste time

DBe a good mother and wife

22. How did the author form her view of life?

AThrough social experience.

BBy learning from her friends.

CThrough an unfortunate experience.

DFrom her children and husband.

23. By the underlined sentence “It is so easy to exist instead of to live” in the fifth paragraph, the author really means that people tend to ___________.

Amake a living rather than live a real life

Bwork rather than enjoy life

Cwaste a lot in life

Dforget the most important lessons in life

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

For the business traveler who is all about efficiency: Check out these hotels that will get you in and out with a minimum of trouble. When you are pressed for time on a business trip, nothing can infuriate you more than a slow hotel check-in process. On your next trip, try these hotels that offer a speedier check-in process.

(1)Yotel New York

The self-service kiosks at this high-tech New York hotel work just like the ones you’d see at an airport. There are just five-steps to register and obtain your card key. There is even a robotic luggage bellboy. You tap in the number of bags you are carrying and sizes, then wait for a robot arm to swing down and store your luggage in a locker (say, for a day trip). This also speeds up the check-in process if the first thing you need to do, like me, is head to a series of meetings.

(2) Marriott Detroit Airport

Another option for business travelers in a hurry: Marriott is rolling out its mobile check-in app to 325 hotels this year, including the Marriott Detroit Airport hotel. (I’ve tested the app itself but not for a real visit quite yet.) Here is the basic idea: you download the iphone or Android app. The night before, you can “check-in” virtually. When you arrive, you get an alert that the room is ready and your key, which is already tied to your reservation, is waiting for you at the desk.

(3) Hyatt Regency Minneapolis

I happened to stay at this hotel recently and liked how fast the kiosk check-in works. Like the Yotel, the kiosk asks you to insert your credit card, similar to an airport terminal. The whole process took about three minutes, when I left, I was equally impressed with the fast check-out. An agent meets you in the lobby with an ipad and asks for an email to use for a receipt. The big advantage: you never have to wait in line.

(4) Radisson: LaCrosse

The Radisson is trying to make the kiosk process even faster, at a few select hotels like the Radisson Lacrosse in Wisconsin, you use a mobile app to register and then receive a barcode by email or text. When you get the kiosk, you scan the barcode to get your key without any other steps required. It’s super fast. You can find this new check-in system at the Radisson hotels in Salt Lake City, Seattle, and Phoenix as well.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,主要告诉告诉出差的商务人士在哪些酒店可以更快地办理入住手续,接下来详细地介绍了这些酒店。

24.What does the word “infuriate” in paragraph 2 most mean?

Aannoy

Bremind

Camuse

DImpress

25.Which two hotels offer a mobile app for customers to check in?

AYotel New York and Marriott Detroit Airport.

BMarriott Detroit Airport and Radisson: LaCrosse.

CMarriott Detroit Airport. and Hyatt Regency Minneapolis.

DHyatt Regency Minneapolis and Radisson: LaCrosse.

26.Which hotel will send you a receipt by email?

AYotel New York.

BMarriott Detroit Airport.

CRadisson: LaCrosse.

DHyatt Regency Minneapolis.

27.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

AAt Yotel New York, a robot will help you with all the check-in process.

BWith its check-in app, you may enter your room in Marriott without a key.

CThe barcode you receive from Radisson contributes to the fast check-in.

DHyatt Regency Minneapolis is close to an airport terminal.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

In cities with rent control, the city government sets the maximum rent that a landlord (房东) can charge for an apartment. Supporters of rent control argue that it protects people who are living in apartment. Their rent cannot increase; therefore, they are not in danger of losing their homes. However, the critics say that after a long time, rent control may have negative effects. Landlords know that they cannot increase their profits. Therefore, they invest in other businesses where they can increase their profits. They do not invest in new buildings which would also be rent-controlled. As a result, new apartments are not built. Many people who need apartments cannot find any. According to the critics, the end result of rent control is a shortage of apartments in the city.

Some experts argue that the minimum wage law can cause problems in the same way. The federal government sets the minimum that an employer must pay workers. The minimum helps people who generally look for unskilled, low-paying jobs. However, if the minimum is high, employers may hire fewer workers. They will replace workers with machinery. Therefore, other things being equal, the number of workers that employers want decreases. Thus, critics hold the opinion that an increase in the minimum wage may cause unemployment. Some poor people may find themselves without jobs instead of with jobs at the minimum wage.

Supporters of the minimum wage say that it helps people keep their dignity. Because of the law, workers cannot sell their services for less than the minimum. Furthermore, employers cannot force workers to accept jobs at unfair wages.

Economic theory predicts the results of economic decision, such as decisions about farm production, rent control, and the minimum wage. The predictions may be corrected only if “other things are equal”. Economists do not agree on some of the predictions. They also do not agree on the value of different decisions. Some economists support a particular decision while others criticize it. Economists do agree, however, that there are no simple answers to economic questions.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,文章主要探讨了设定最高房租租金的优缺点以及设定最低工资标准的利弊,文末点出关于某一经济学问题,经济学家也不能达成一致,因为这些经济学问题没有简单的答案。

28. There is the possibility that setting maximum rent may ________.

Acause a shortage of apartments

Bworry those who rent apartments as homes

Cincrease the profits of landlords

Dencourage landlords to invest in building apartments

29. We can safely say that rent control ________.

Awill always benefit those who rent apartments

Bis unnecessary

Cwill probably bring inactive effects in the long run

Dis necessary under all conditions

30. There will be the problem of unemployment if ________.

Athe minimum wage is set too high

Bthe minimum wage is set too early

Cthe workers are unskilled

Dthe maximum wage is set for poor workers

31. The passage tells us about ________.

Athe relationship between supply and demand

Bthe possible results of government controls

Cthe necessity of government control

Dthe urgency of getting rid of government control

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

New genetic analysis has revealed that many Amazon tree species are likely to survive human-made climate warming in the coming century, contrary to previous findings that temperature increases would cause them to die out. A study, bd blank in the latest edition of Ecology and Evolution, reveals the bd blank age of some Amazonian tree species -- more than 8 million years -- and bd blank shows that they have survived previous periods as warm as many of the global warming imagined periods bd blank for the year 2100.

The authors write that, having survived warm periods in the past, the trees will bd blank survive future warming, provided there are no other major environmental changes. bd blank extreme droughts and forest fires will impact Amazonia as temperatures bd blank , the trees will stand the direct impact of higher temperatures. The authors bd blank that as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions to minimize the risk of drought and fire, conservation policy should remain bd blank on preventing deforestation(采伐森林)for agriculture and mining.

The study disagrees with other recent researches which predicted tree species’ extinctions 50 relatively small increases in global average air temperatures.

Study co-author Dr Simon Lewis (UCL Geography) said the bd blank were good news for Amazon tree species, but warned that drought and over-exploitation of the forest remained major bd blank to the Amazon’s future.

Dr Lewis said: “The past cannot be compared directly with the future. While tree species seem likely to bd blank higher air temperatures than today, the Amazon forest is being transformed for agriculture and bd blank , and what remains is being degraded(使恶化)by logging(伐木), and increasingly split up by fields and roads.

“Species will not move as freely in today’s Amazon as they did in previous warm periods, when there was no human bd blank . Similarly, today’s climate change is extremely fast, making comparisons with slower changes in the past bd blank .”

“With a clearer bd blank of the relative risks to the Amazon forest, we bd blank that direct human impacts -- such as forest clearances for agriculture or mining -- should remain a key point of conservation policy. We also need more aggressive bd blank to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to make minimum the risk of drought and fire impacts and bd blank the future of most Amazon tree species.”

【语篇导读】本文介绍了一篇科学研究。最新一期的《生态学进化论》揭示了亚马逊树种很有可能在将来的温室效应下存活,这与过去的观点不同。接下来详细地介绍了这两种观点的理由。两种观点的方向是一致的,那就是减少发木与煤矿挖掘,减少温室气体的排放。

41.

Aadvertised

Bdescribed

Cpublished

DPresented

42.

Afrightening

Bsurprising

Cexciting

DInteresting

43.

Astill

Bnevertheless

Chowever

DTherefore

44.

Aassess

Bconfirm

Cforecast

DPromise

45.

Aparticularly

Bprobably

Cmerely

DPossibly

46.

ASince

BAlthough

CWhen

DIf

47.

Arise

Bchange

Cdrop

Dend

48.

Aconsider

Bdecide

Cguarantee

DRecommend

49.

Abased

Bbuilt

Cfocused

DMade

50.

Ain relation to

Bin response to

Cin reply to

Din reference to

51.

Afindings

Bthoughts

Cinventions

DWritings

52.

Athreats

Bdisadvantages

Cembarrassments

DInstructions

53.

Aaccept

Btolerate

Cpermit

DRequire

54.

Afarming

Bplanting

Ccatering

DMining

55.

Apower

Binfluence

Cdesire

DViolence

56.

Adifficult

Bclear

Ceasy

DImportant

57.

Abelief

Bdirection

Cunderstanding

DSuggestion

58.

Adoubt

Bconclude

Ccalculate

DPrefer

59.

Athought

Bguidance

Cprotection

DAction

60.

Asecure

Badvance

Csacrifice

DEvaluate

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Things You Should Stop Doing to Be Successful

Are you a happy person? How often do you think of reasons why everyone around you is successful though they are not better than you in general? What do you do wrong? Here are some things you should stop doing to be successful.

(1) bd blank

Different people may interpret “success” in different ways:some of them measure it in money, other ones — in positive changes to people around them and the world in general. bd blank Don’t worry about what other people think but come after what makes you happy.

(2) Do not believe anything without questioning it.

bd blank They are critical thinkers, and they understand that we all are ruled by our prejudices, so they will always question new information.

(3)Do not worry about all unpredictable things that may happen to you.

If you want to be successful, stop thinking about everything that MAY happen to you. bd blank Be ready to improve and change your deeds and decisions when things suddenly don’t go according to your plan.

(5)Do not care about what other people think of you.

bd blank Your attempts to become “good” for everyone will turn into nothing but new worries, stresses, and problems. Successful people do not concentrate on the quantity of people to please, but worry about their quality and focus on developing friendships with people they really care about.

A. Do not wait for the “right time” to do anything.

B. Do not let others decide what “success” is for you.

C. Successful people do not just accept any new information to be true.

D. As far as we all know, it’s impossible to please all the people who surround us.

E. Try to feel comfortable with the reality and accept the fact that your future can’t be predicted.

F. If you want to be successful, do not let others force their interpretation of success on you.

G. Successful people never ignore or avoid problems,no matter how big and awful they seem.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。主要从四个方面告诉人们,为了获得成功,应该停止做那些事情。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by about 16%, according to new UCL research carried out as part of the Public Health Research Center.

The study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, found a two-way relationship between depression and physical activity. People who increased their weekly activity reported fewer depressive symptoms but those with more depressive symptoms were less active, particularly at younger ages.

Researchers followed 11,135 people born in 1958 up until the age of 50, recording depressive symptoms and levels of physical activity at regular intervals in adulthood. They found that each additional activity period per week reduced odds of depression by 6%. In England 19% of men and 26% of women are currently classed as “inactive”, and this study suggests that activity could significantly improve their mental as well as physical health.

“Assuming the association is causal, physical activity has a protective effect against depression. If an adult between their twenties and forties who isn’t physically active became active 3 times per week, they would reduce their risks of depression by about 16%.” says Dr Snehal of the UCL Institute of Child Health, lead author of the study.

Professor Mark, Director of the Public Health Research Center, said, “Many people are already aware of the benefits of physical activity on their general health, but now we are seeing more evidence that suggest it also has a positive effect on a person’s mental well-being. The latest research highlights just how important it is to ensure that people are working and living in environments that allow them to be both physically active and mentally healthy.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇有关科学研究的说明文。本文主要介绍了公共卫生研究中心所做的一项新研究。这项新研究说明了体能活动与抑郁之间的关系,体能活动不仅能促进身体健康,也能降低抑郁的概率,促进心理健康。

32. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

ATo tell us a fun story about how to protect us against depression.

BTo introduce a research on the link between activity and depression.

CTo persuade readers to increase their weekly activity.

DTo describe the disadvantages of physical activity.

33. According to the second paragraph, if people increase their weekly activity, ______.

Atheir depressive symptoms will be fewer

Btheir depressive symptoms will be more

Cthey will become much younger

Dthey will become more depressive

34. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

ADr. Snehal thinks it important to be both physically and mentally healthy.

BThe research shows men are more active in physical activities than women.

CAdults who insist on physical activity will reduce depression completely.

DIncreasing physical activities can free people from depression in a way.

35. The author shows his view mainly by_______.

Adoing research

Bcomparing and contrasting

Ctrying on himself

Ddiscussing and summarizing

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Nowadays, more and more schools in China have rules making students wear school uniforms to school. A lot of Chinese students complain about bd blank (wear) their school uniforms every day. But do American students get bd blank (annoy) about their uniforms, too? American high schools usually have a dress code(衣着标准), bd blank is about requirements for students' dressing. Boys at school must wear clean jackets every day. Girls are bd blank (luck) than boys, for they have more flexible bd blank (choose) than boys. They can either dress similarly to the boys bd blank wear a dress. In general, it takes a student 10-15 minutes every morning bd blank (dress) up for class. As students do in China, plenty of American students also have their complaints about school uniforms. What if students really dislike the dress code and want to get rid of it? Instead of getting punished, bd blank (actual) there're ways to do that. At my school, "dress down" tickets bd blank (sell) on school days. If students are willing to buy a ticket, they don't need to wear school uniforms the following day. I have a strong bd blank (believe) that one day Chinese students can buy these tickets, too.

【语篇导读】:本文属于说明文,文章首先讲述了越来越多的中国学校要求学生穿校服,学生会产生抱怨,接着介绍了美国学生在学校的着装标准,美国学生可以通过购买“便装票”不穿校服,作者希望中国学生也有这种权利。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.词性转换 (共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)

(1). attach→ n __________________

(2). persuade→adj_________________

(3).remain→adj _________________

(4). popular → v__________________

(5) reason→adv_________________

(6) pure→ v _____________________

(7)criticise→n__________________

(8) mercy→adj____________________

(9) fog→ adj___________________

(10) responsible→opp_______________

分值: 5分 查看题目解析 >
1

72.词组短语(共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)

(1)作为同…的交换

(2)徒劳

(3)是…的典型;是…的特点

(4)翻身;翻过书页;移交

(5)把…收起;放好

(6)对…感到厌倦

(7)不可能

(8)遗漏,不包括

(9)使…吃惊;突袭

(10)关于;至于

分值: 5分 查看题目解析 >
1

73.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: (1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

(2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Born in Oct. 28, 1955, Bill Gates grew up in Seattle with his twosisters. Bill Gates attended public elementary school or the private LakesideSchool, there he discovered his interest in software and begin programmingcomputers at the age of 13. In 1973, Gates entered into Harvard University as afreshman. In her junior year, Gates left Harvard to devote himself to developMicrosoft, guiding by the faith that the computer would be a tool of greatvaluable on every office desktop. He proved to be success in the IT field.    

分值: 5分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

74.目前高三年级学生普遍感到学习负担重,压力大,因此焦虑、急躁等多种心理问题日益突出。为此,你校学生会成立了“快乐俱乐部”(Happy Club)。请用英语写一份书面通知,准备刊登在你校校刊英文版面上,欢迎高三学生加入该俱乐部。说明内容如下:

(1)宗旨:帮助同学以积极乐观的态度面对问题,迎接挑战

(2)活动内容:(1)定期请专家开讲座,解决心理问题;(2)组织讨论,交流学习经验;(3)请你再拟定两项活动。

(3)活动时间:每周六下午。

(4)报名方式:在学生会填写申请表或在校园网上登记。

【注意】:

(1)短文须包括所有内容要点,不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节使短文连贯;

(2)词数:110字左右。短文的开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数;

(3) 参考词汇:心理的psychological 学生会 the Students’ Union

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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