Robert Ilijason, a 39-year-old IT specialist, once had to drive 20 minutes with his screaming baby in the backseat to an open grocery store to buy food for his hungry son. It was the late-night experience that gave Robert Ilijason the idea to open Sweden’s first unstaffed convenience store.
Now Robert Ilijason runs a 24-hour shop with no cashier. Customers use their cell phones to unlock the door and scan their purchases. All they need to do is to register for the service and download an app. They get charged for their purchases each month.
The shop has basics like milk, bread, sugar, canned food and other products that you expect to find in a small convenience store. But it doesn’t have tobacco or medical drugs because of the risk of theft. Alcohol cannot be sold in convenience stores in Sweden.
The no-service store has more advantages. Raymond Arvidsson, a friend of Ilijason’s , did his shopping in less than a minute. “No queues,” he said, smiling. “Quick in, quick out. I like.”
“My ambition is to spread this idea to other villages and small towns,” said Ilijason. “It is incredible that no one has thought of this before.” He hopes the savings of having no staff will help bring back small stores to the countryside.
But a bigger challenge has been facing some of the elderly residents in Viken. Tuve Nilsson, 75, said there were many more shops in the town when he moved here with his family in 1976. He welcomed Ilijason’s new store, saying it could be convenient for elderly people living alone. But he didn’t know how to get the hang of the technology involved.
Ilijason is considering other ways to unlock the door that wouldn’t require using an app. He’s ruled out face-recognition or fingerprint scanners, but is thinking of installing a credit card reader like some banks use. He’s also considering having one person man the store for a few hours a day to help customers who aren’t comfortable with modern technology.
21. Robert Ilijason’s late-night experience is mentioned to tell us .
22. What can we know about Robert Ilijason’s first unstaffed food shop?（ ）
23. From what Raymond Arvidsson said, we learn the shop is well known for .
24. It can be inferred from the passage that .
I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile.
I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes were filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town.
25. What do we know about the man from the passage?（ ）
26. Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes?（ ）
27. What can we infer from the story?（ ）
You never see them, but they are with you every time you fly. They record where you’re going, how fast you’re traveling and whether everything on your airplane is functioning normally. Their ability to stand almost any disaster makes them seem like something out of a comic book. They’re known as the black box
When planes fall from the sky, as a Yemeni airliner did on its way to the Comoros Islands in the Indian Ocean June 30, 2009, the black box is the best bet for identifying what went wrong. So when a French submarine(潜水艇) detected the device’s homing signal five days later, the discovery marked a huge step toward determining the cause of a tragedy in which 152 passengers were killed.
In 1958, Australian scientist David Warren developed a flight-memory recorder that would track basic information like altitude and direction. That was the first model for a black box, which became a requirement on all U.S commercial flights by 1960. Early models often failed to stand crashes, however, so in 1965 the device was completely redesigned and moved to the rear(尾部)of the plane--- the area least subject to impact--- from its original position in the landing wells (起落架舱). That same year, the Federal Aviation Authority required that the boxes, which were never actually black, be painted orange or yellow to aid visibility.
Modern airplanes have two black boxes: a voice recorder, which tracks pilots’ conversation, and a flight-data recorder, which monitor fuel levels, engine noises and other operating functions that help investigators reconstruct the aircraft’s final moments. Placed in an insulated(隔绝的) case and surrounded by quarter-inch-thick panels of stainless steel, the boxes can stand massive force and temperatures up to 2,000℉. When they went under the water, they’re also able to emit signals from depths of 20,000 feet. Experts believe the boxes from Air France Flight 447, which crashed near Brazil on June 1,2009, are in water nearly that deep, but statistics say they’re still likely to turn up. In the about 20 deep-sea crashes over the past 30 years, only one plane’s black boxes were never found.
28. What does the author say about the black box?（ ）
29. What information could be found from the black box on the Yemeni airliner?（ ）
30. Why did the Federal Aviation Authority require the black boxes be painted orange or yellow?（ ）
31. What do we know about the black boxes from Air France Flight 447?（ ）
Thousands of taxi drivers in Shenyang, Liaoning province, reportedly blocked streets with their cars on Sunday in protest against unlicensed cars using taxi-hiring apps (打车软件) and apps-based car rental companies providing passenger services, including high-end cars. Although the drivers also complained about the withdrawal of the fuel subsidy(补贴) by the government, their main complaint was the loss of business because of the rising number of Internet-based car services companies.
On Wednesday, news reports came that Beijing transport authorities will take measures to stop the illegal “taxi business” of private cars through the newly rising Internet apps, following the footsteps of Shenyang and Nanjing.
It is not yet clear how the Shenyang city government will handle the issue and whether it will declare the services offered by market leaders such as Didi Dache, a taxi-hiring app provider backed by Tencent Holdings, and Kuaidi Dache illegal. But Shanghai transport regulators(交通管理机构) have set a rule, by banning Didi Zhuanche, or car services offered by Didi Dache in December.
Such regulations will cause a setback to the car-hiring companies and investors that are waiting to cash in on the potentially booming business. Just last month, Didi Dache got $700 million in funding from global investors, including Singapore state investment company Temasek Holdings, Russian investment company DST Global and Tencent. Besides, the market is uncertain that Kuaidi Dache is about to finalize its latest round of funding after getting $800 million from global investors.
Regulatory uncertainties, however, could cast a shadow on the future of the Internet-based car-hiring services, which have become popular in most of China’s big cities. To be fair, these companies’ business model is anything but bad. For example, Didi Zhuanche works side by side with established car rental companies to provide high-end car service mainly for business-people through the Internet and mobile phone apps.
Every link in this business model chain has legal companies and services. Hence, it is hard to define it as illegal and ban it.
32. Why did taxi drivers in Shenyang block the streets with their vehicles?（ ）
33. The author’s attitude to banning internet car-hiring service is______.
34. Which of the following statements is false according to the passage?（ ）
35. We can learn from the passage that _____.
The Suma Aqualife Park in Japan is no stranger to turtle traffic. Every summer, hundreds of turtles make _ (they) way to and from the nearby ocean. While most manage to cover the short _ (distant) , a handful are stuck inside the railway tracks that lie between the ocean and _ popular park.
According to the local officials, as the turtles are trying to cross the tracks, a few fall in. Unable to climb out, they start to walk along the track. The problem arises when a _ (trap) turtle is close to a railroad switch _ is in process of shifting to accommodate an incoming train.
To save the precious animals, the officials teamed up _ some engineers to create "turtle" tunnels. The tunnels provide a place for the turtles _ (slip) into and protect them. They also help prevent costly train delays that occur every time a turtle gets caught in the switch.
Since the tunnels _ ( create) in April, railway personnel have scooped up (舀取) ten turtles from the tunnels and _ (safe) delivered them to the park. _ Naoki Kamezaki, the head of the park puts it, saving the turtles is a "refreshing feeling".
______ Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of finger-prints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.
The ridge(隆起) structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by surface injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new one, which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. _____ Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own finger-prints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.
Finger-prints can be made very easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. _____Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, finger-prints have often been used as a method of solving criminal case. A suspected man may deny a charge but this may be in vain. _____ When a suspect leaves finger-prints behind at the scene of a crime, they are difficult to detect(察觉) with the naked eye. _______ Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is possible if a print of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.
The letter below is from Antoine Leiris, whose wife Helen died in the terror attack in Paris on November 11th. He wrote the letter to her killers. It was _ written as a Facebook post and has been _ thousands of times on social media.
On Friday night you _ the life of an exceptional being, the love of my life, the _ of my son, but you will not have my _ . I don’t know who you are _ I don’t want to know -- you are dead souls. I will not give you the gift of hating you. You have obviously _ it, but responding to it with anger would be to give in to the same ignorance that has made you what you are. You want me to be _ , to cast a mistrusting eye on my fellow citizens, to _ my freedom for security. You _ . I saw her this morning, finally after nights and days of waiting. My wife was _ as beautiful as she was when she left on Friday evening, as beautiful as when I fell madly in love with her more than 12 _ ago. Of course, I am heart-broken with _ , but I know that she will join us every day and that we will find each other again in the paradise of free souls which you will never have _ to. We are only _ , my son and I, but we are more _ than all the world’s armies. _ any case, I have no time to waste on you. I need to go back to Melvil, who is __ from his afternoon nap. He is just 17 months old. He will eat his snack like every day and we are going to play like we do every day. In every day of his life, the little boy will _ you with his _ and freedom, because you don’t have his hatred either.
【语篇导读】本文是一篇信件。主要讲了Antoine Leiris 写给杀他妻子的杀人犯的一封信，他却并不恨他，也不想知道对方是谁，他说她会每日陪伴着他和孩子，只有十七个月大的孩子，因为拥有幸福和自由让杀人犯更悔恨。
49. A. value
61. In order to save every cent of the limited family’s expense, she had to ________ with the shop owner.
64. Frequent military conflicts along the ____ between the two countries have increased our fears of the war.
63. All passengers are expected to fasten the seat belts when the plane takes off or lands.
62. It is said that James Watt's observation of steam rising from a kettle gave _____ to the idea of the steam engine.
65. While a full understanding of what causes the disease may be several years away, a ______ leading to a successful treatment could come much sooner.
66. The unemployed worker finally got a new job through an employment _______.
67. The date of the meeting has been _______ from November 10 to November 3.
68. Who else except a millionaire in the world could ______ to use such an expensive car as Werke (宝马)?
70. The exam he paid no attention to ______ him the chance to go to college.
69. If we had known of your _______, we would have seen you off at the airport.
71. “The interest shall be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides,” ______ the judge.
72. Since I’m abroad on business at the moment, I’m having some flowers ______ for her birthday.
75. In the minority nationality the custom doesn’t _____ and has come down from generation to generation.
74. The driver managed not to hit the child who ran in front of his car, but only _______ injuring himself.
73. It is generally accepted that the experiences of the child in his first years largely ______ his character and later personality.
76. I have offered to paint the house _______ a week’s accommodation.
77. I simply couldn’t understand how it ____that you did so much work within such a short time.
81. Before the final examination many students have shown signs of tension. Some have trouble in sleeping while others have lost their _________.
80. Ladies and gentlemen, please ________ your seat belts. The plane is taking off.
79. Owing to ____ competition among the airlines, travel expenses have been reduced greatly.
78. So far, several ships have been reported missing _______ the coast of Bermuda Island.
82. The mail was ______ for two days because of the snow storm.
83. The old house we paid a visit _____ at the top of the hill.
84. The use of water is becoming tense in north China and the government _____ that we should save water in our daily life.
87. In Shanghai, people______ thousand tons of watermelon every summer.
86. Several cars are available within this price________.
85. I bought _______ eggs and _______ daily things at the supermarket yesterday.
88. As is known to all, hard work will _____ in time.
89. We had trained more and prepared well in every detail so we ____ to win.
90. After her time in hospital, Jenney’s parents are afraid she has _____ in her lessons.
101. invite →(n.)_______________ 102. deliver → (n.)______________
103. apply → (n.)______________ 104. reserve → (n.)______________
105. survive → (n.)______________ 106. safe → (n.)______________
107. fog → (a.)______________ 108. endanger → (a.)______________
109. change → (a.)______________ 110. threat → (v.)______________
111. 与……保持联系；了解……的动态 112. 带头
113. 参加 114. 天气（转晴）
115. 在国内外 116. 由某人付费/负担费用
117. 原产于某地；土产的 118. 开阔胸襟
119. 朝……的方向 120. 专心于