• 英语 哈尔滨市2017年高三第三次月考
简答题(综合题) 本大题共55分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

Robert Ilijason, a 39-year-old IT specialist, once had to drive 20 minutes with his screaming baby in the backseat to an open grocery store to buy food for his hungry son. It was the late-night experience that gave Robert Ilijason the idea to open Sweden’s first unstaffed convenience store.

Now Robert Ilijason runs a 24-hour shop with no cashier. Customers use their cell phones to unlock the door and scan their purchases. All they need to do is to register for the service and download an app. They get charged for their purchases each month.

The shop has basics like milk, bread, sugar, canned food and other products that you expect to find in a small convenience store. But it doesn’t have tobacco or medical drugs because of the risk of theft. Alcohol cannot be sold in convenience stores in Sweden.

The no-service store has more advantages. Raymond Arvidsson, a friend of Ilijason’s , did his shopping in less than a minute. “No queues,” he said, smiling. “Quick in, quick out. I like.”

“My ambition is to spread this idea to other villages and small towns,” said Ilijason. “It is incredible that no one has thought of this before.” He hopes the savings of having no staff will help bring back small stores to the countryside.

But a bigger challenge has been facing some of the elderly residents in Viken. Tuve Nilsson, 75, said there were many more shops in the town when he moved here with his family in 1976. He welcomed Ilijason’s new store, saying it could be convenient for elderly people living alone. But he didn’t know how to get the hang of the technology involved.

Ilijason is considering other ways to unlock the door that wouldn’t require using an app. He’s ruled out face-recognition or fingerprint scanners, but is thinking of installing a credit card reader like some banks use. He’s also considering having one person man the store for a few hours a day to help customers who aren’t comfortable with modern technology.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者描述一位IT专家夜里带着乱哭闹的宝宝开车二十分钟去超市给饥饿的儿子买吃的,萌生出一个开无人售卖商店的主意,只需要手机安装软件就可以打开商店门,选购商品。

21. Robert Ilijason’s late-night experience is mentioned to tell us .

Awhy he opened the unstaffed food shop

Bhow to open the unstaffed food shop

Chow to look after the hungry children

Dan open grocery store is very important

22. What can we know about Robert Ilijason’s first unstaffed food shop?( )

AIt charges customers for nothing.

BCustomers can purchase goods in cash

CWhat customers need is a phone

DCustomers can buy whatever they want.

23. From what Raymond Arvidsson said, we learn the shop is well known for .

Aits wonderful food

Bits kind service

Cits good safety

Dits quick purchase

24. It can be inferred from the passage that .

AIlijason’s store has no disadvantages

Ball the customers are not comfortable with modern technology

CIlijason will not open another kind of this no-service store

Dface-recognition will be dismissed in Ilijason’s new store

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile.

I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes were filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述的是自己即将被执行死刑前,想抽香烟来缓解内心的紧张,他与看守的对话,提到了家人,触动了看守的内心,最后将他放了。

25. What do we know about the man from the passage?( )

AHe had lost contact with his family.

BHe had been forbidden to smoke.

CHe had been searched.

DHe had killed someone.

26. Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes?( )

ABecause he was sure he was to be killed.

BBecause he wanted the guard to set him free.

CBecause he wanted to ease his nervousness.

DBecause he was a regular heavy smoker.

27. What can we infer from the story?( )

AThe guard freed him in the prison.

BThe man smiled to please the guard.

CThe guard set the man free with permission.

DThe man was surprised to be set free.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

You never see them, but they are with you every time you fly. They record where you’re going, how fast you’re traveling and whether everything on your airplane is functioning normally. Their ability to stand almost any disaster makes them seem like something out of a comic book. They’re known as the black box

When planes fall from the sky, as a Yemeni airliner did on its way to the Comoros Islands in the Indian Ocean June 30, 2009, the black box is the best bet for identifying what went wrong. So when a French submarine(潜水艇) detected the device’s homing signal five days later, the discovery marked a huge step toward determining the cause of a tragedy in which 152 passengers were killed.

In 1958, Australian scientist David Warren developed a flight-memory recorder that would track basic information like altitude and direction. That was the first model for a black box, which became a requirement on all U.S commercial flights by 1960. Early models often failed to stand crashes, however, so in 1965 the device was completely redesigned and moved to the rear(尾部)of the plane--- the area least subject to impact--- from its original position in the landing wells (起落架舱). That same year, the Federal Aviation Authority required that the boxes, which were never actually black, be painted orange or yellow to aid visibility.

Modern airplanes have two black boxes: a voice recorder, which tracks pilots’ conversation, and a flight-data recorder, which monitor fuel levels, engine noises and other operating functions that help investigators reconstruct the aircraft’s final moments. Placed in an insulated(隔绝的) case and surrounded by quarter-inch-thick panels of stainless steel, the boxes can stand massive force and temperatures up to 2,000. When they went under the water, they’re also able to emit signals from depths of 20,000 feet. Experts believe the boxes from Air France Flight 447, which crashed near Brazil on June 1,2009, are in water nearly that deep, but statistics say they’re still likely to turn up. In the about 20 deep-sea crashes over the past 30 years, only one plane’s black boxes were never found.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述的是黑匣子的概念,功能,起源。

28. What does the author say about the black box?( )

AIt ensures the normal functioning of an airplane

BThe idea for it’s design comes from a comic book

CIts ability to avoid disasters is incredible

DIt is an necessary device on an airplane

29. What information could be found from the black box on the Yemeni airliner?( )

AData for analyzing the cause of the crash

BThe total number of passengers on board

CThe scene of the crash and extent of the damage

DHoming signals sent by the pilot before the crash

30. Why did the Federal Aviation Authority require the black boxes be painted orange or yellow?( )

ATo tell them from the color of the plane

BTo caution people to handle them with care

CTo make them easily identified

DTo meet international standards

31. What do we know about the black boxes from Air France Flight 447?( )

AThere is still a good chance of their being found

BThere is an urgent need for them to be restructured

CThey have stopped sending homing signals

DThey were destroyed somewhere near Brazil

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Thousands of taxi drivers in Shenyang, Liaoning province, reportedly blocked streets with their cars on Sunday in protest against unlicensed cars using taxi-hiring apps (打车软件) and apps-based car rental companies providing passenger services, including high-end cars. Although the drivers also complained about the withdrawal of the fuel subsidy(补贴) by the government, their main complaint was the loss of business because of the rising number of Internet-based car services companies.

On Wednesday, news reports came that Beijing transport authorities will take measures to stop the illegal “taxi business” of private cars through the newly rising Internet apps, following the footsteps of Shenyang and Nanjing.

It is not yet clear how the Shenyang city government will handle the issue and whether it will declare the services offered by market leaders such as Didi Dache, a taxi-hiring app provider backed by Tencent Holdings, and Kuaidi Dache illegal. But Shanghai transport regulators(交通管理机构) have set a rule, by banning Didi Zhuanche, or car services offered by Didi Dache in December.

Such regulations will cause a setback to the car-hiring companies and investors that are waiting to cash in on the potentially booming business. Just last month, Didi Dache got $700 million in funding from global investors, including Singapore state investment company Temasek Holdings, Russian investment company DST Global and Tencent. Besides, the market is uncertain that Kuaidi Dache is about to finalize its latest round of funding after getting $800 million from global investors.

Regulatory uncertainties, however, could cast a shadow on the future of the Internet-based car-hiring services, which have become popular in most of China’s big cities. To be fair, these companies’ business model is anything but bad. For example, Didi Zhuanche works side by side with established car rental companies to provide high-end car service mainly for business-people through the Internet and mobile phone apps.

Every link in this business model chain has legal companies and services. Hence, it is hard to define it as illegal and ban it.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述的是辽宁沈阳的出租车司机封锁街道,抗议打车软件,北京已采取措施取缔非法出租车业务,这些法规可能会给汽车租赁公司和投资者带来挫折。

32. Why did taxi drivers in Shenyang block the streets with their vehicles?( )

ABecause they wanted the authority to increase their driving allowances.

BBecause they wanted to be taught how to use the taxi-hiring apps.

CBecause they wanted to make their main complaints known to the authority.

DBecause they wanted to appeal to passengers not to hire the private cars.

33. The author’s attitude to banning internet car-hiring service is______.

Apositive

Bnegative

Cneutral

Dunclear

34. Which of the following statements is false according to the passage?( )

AThe problem referred to in the passage exists in all cities

BApp-based car rental is functional to some degree

CThe government should regulate the app-based car rental market

DDidi Dache is a China-foreign joint company

35. We can learn from the passage that _____.

AShenyang forbade apps-based car rental companies

BShanghai is the second city banning Didi Zhuanche

Csome international investment companies have strong faith in the future of apps-based car rental companies

Dit is not difficult to picture the apps-based car rental companies illegal

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

The Suma Aqualife Park in Japan is no stranger to turtle traffic. Every summer, hundreds of turtles make _ (they) way to and from the nearby ocean. While most manage to cover the short _ (distant) , a handful are stuck inside the railway tracks that lie between the ocean and _ popular park.

According to the local officials, as the turtles are trying to cross the tracks, a few fall in. Unable to climb out, they start to walk along the track. The problem arises when a _ (trap) turtle is close to a railroad switch _ is in process of shifting to accommodate an incoming train.

To save the precious animals, the officials teamed up _ some engineers to create "turtle" tunnels. The tunnels provide a place for the turtles _ (slip) into and protect them. They also help prevent costly train delays that occur every time a turtle gets caught in the switch.

Since the tunnels _ ( create) in April, railway personnel have scooped up (舀取) ten turtles from the tunnels and _ (safe) delivered them to the park. _ Naoki Kamezaki, the head of the park puts it, saving the turtles is a "refreshing feeling".

【语篇导读】:本文属于说明文,作者介绍了日本苏马水产生命公园的海龟交通为了节省珍贵的动物,官员们联手工程师创建“龟”隧道。隧道为海龟提供保护他们的地方。

91.

92.

93.

94.

95.

96.

97.

98.

99.

100.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

121.短文改错

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

______ Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of finger-prints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.

The ridge(隆起) structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by surface injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new one, which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. _____ Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own finger-prints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.

Finger-prints can be made very easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. _____Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, finger-prints have often been used as a method of solving criminal case. A suspected man may deny a charge but this may be in vain. _____ When a suspect leaves finger-prints behind at the scene of a crime, they are difficult to detect(察觉) with the naked eye. _______ Some of the marks found are incomplete but identification is possible if a print of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.

【语篇导读】本文为说明文。研究科学家证明人类的指纹是独一无二的。表皮皮肤受伤会生长出新的皮肤,但不会改变指纹,深层皮肤受伤才会改变指纹。指纹很容易被印下来。人们可以利用高科技手段通过指纹锁定犯罪嫌疑人。

ASpecial techniques are used to “develop” them.

BA fingerprint is an impression of the friction ridges of all part of the finger.

CIt is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed.

DWith special methods, identification can be achieved successfully within a short time.

EA latent(潜在的) print is the chance reproduction of the friction ridges deposited on the surface of an item.

FHis finger-prints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accident.

GEvery human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

The letter below is from Antoine Leiris, whose wife Helen died in the terror attack in Paris on November 11th. He wrote the letter to her killers. It was _ written as a Facebook post and has been _ thousands of times on social media.

On Friday night you _ the life of an exceptional being, the love of my life, the _ of my son, but you will not have my _ . I don’t know who you are _ I don’t want to know -- you are dead souls. I will not give you the gift of hating you. You have obviously _ it, but responding to it with anger would be to give in to the same ignorance that has made you what you are. You want me to be _ , to cast a mistrusting eye on my fellow citizens, to _ my freedom for security. You _ . I saw her this morning, finally after nights and days of waiting. My wife was _ as beautiful as she was when she left on Friday evening, as beautiful as when I fell madly in love with her more than 12 _ ago. Of course, I am heart-broken with _ , but I know that she will join us every day and that we will find each other again in the paradise of free souls which you will never have _ to. We are only _ , my son and I, but we are more _ than all the world’s armies. _ any case, I have no time to waste on you. I need to go back to Melvil, who is __ from his afternoon nap. He is just 17 months old. He will eat his snack like every day and we are going to play like we do every day. In every day of his life, the little boy will _ you with his _ and freedom, because you don’t have his hatred either.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇信件。主要讲了Antoine Leiris 写给杀他妻子的杀人犯的一封信,他却并不恨他,也不想知道对方是谁,他说她会每日陪伴着他和孩子,只有十七个月大的孩子,因为拥有幸福和自由让杀人犯更悔恨。

41.

Aoccasionally

Boriginally

Caccidently

Dfrequently

42.

Ashared

Bwritten

Cprinted

Dpraised

43.

Acame across

Bstole away

Cargued with

Dturned into

44.

Ateacher

Bfriend

Csister

Dmother

45.

Aanger

Bmercy

Csympathy

DHatred

46.

Abut

Bif

Conce

Dand

47.

Ahated

Babandoned

Csought

Dfound

48.

Aafraid

Bbrave

Cconcerned

Dcrazy

49. A. value

Avalue  

Battach

Csacrifice

Drespect

50.

Awon

Bhesitated

Clost

Dwarned

51.

Aever

Bjust

Ceven

Dnever

52.

Adays

Bweeks

Cmonths

Dyears

53.

Asorrow

Bdepression

Centhusiasm

Dpassion

54.

Aaccess

Bcompanion

Cdevotion

Ddesire

55.

Anone

Bone

Ctwo

Dthree

56.

Asuccessful

Bthankful

Cpowerful

Dmerciful

57.

AOn

BIn

CWith

DOf

58.

Acheering up

Bpacking up

Csending up

Dwaking up

59.

Ainsult

Bthreaten

Ccontrol

Dcomplain

60.

Ahappiness

Bsadness

Cforgiveness

Dawareness

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
单选题 本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

61. In order to save every cent of the limited family’s expense, she had to ________ with the shop owner.

Acalculate

Bbalance

Cbargain

Dargue

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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64. Frequent military conflicts along the ____ between the two countries have increased our fears of the war.

Aborder

Bboundary

Cboard

Dbond

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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63. All passengers are expected to fasten the seat belts when the plane takes off or lands.

Aon the board

Bon board

Con aboard

Don a board

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62. It is said that James Watt's observation of steam rising from a kettle gave _____ to the idea of the steam engine.

Abirth

Bbid

Cbill

Dbiology

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65. While a full understanding of what causes the disease may be several years away, a ______ leading to a successful treatment could come much sooner.

Abonus

Bbreakthrough

Cbudget

Dblow

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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66. The unemployed worker finally got a new job through an employment _______.

Aappointment

Bagreement

Cagency

Dattempt

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67. The date of the meeting has been _______ from November 10 to November 3.

Aadvanced

Bimproved

Cdelayed

Dprogressed

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68. Who else except a millionaire in the world could ______ to use such an expensive car as Werke (宝马)?

Apay

Bafford

Cappreciate

Dadmire

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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70. The exam he paid no attention to ______ him the chance to go to college.

Aconsumed

Btook

Ccost

Dpaid

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69. If we had known of your _______, we would have seen you off at the airport.

Adeparture

Bdescription

Cdestination

Ddevotion

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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71. “The interest shall be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides,” ______ the judge.

Aannounced

Bdeclared

Ccommented

Ddelivered

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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72. Since I’m abroad on business at the moment, I’m having some flowers ______ for her birthday.

Apresented

Bdeclared

Cdelivered

Dexpressed

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75. In the minority nationality the custom doesn’t _____ and has come down from generation to generation.

Adie away

Bdie of

Cdie from

Ddie out

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74. The driver managed not to hit the child who ran in front of his car, but only _______ injuring himself.

Ain hopes of

Bas a consequence of

Cat the mercy of

Dat the cost of

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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73. It is generally accepted that the experiences of the child in his first years largely ______ his character and later personality.

Adetermined

Bdeserved

Cdemanded

Ddefended

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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76. I have offered to paint the house _______ a week’s accommodation.

Ain exchange for

Bin the event of

Cby means of

Din place of

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77. I simply couldn’t understand how it ____that you did so much work within such a short time.

Acame across

Bcame about

Ccame up

Dcame back

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81. Before the final examination many students have shown signs of tension. Some have trouble in sleeping while others have lost their _________.

Aappetite

Banxiety

Capartment

Datmosphere

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80. Ladies and gentlemen, please ________ your seat belts. The plane is taking off.

Adrop

Bfasten

Cface

Dfly

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1

79. Owing to ____ competition among the airlines, travel expenses have been reduced greatly.

Afierce

Bfair

Ceager

Dfirm

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1

78. So far, several ships have been reported missing _______ the coast of Bermuda Island.

Aoff

Balong

Con

Daround

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82. The mail was ______ for two days because of the snow storm.

Aheld out

Bheld off

Cheld up

Dheld down

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83. The old house we paid a visit _____ at the top of the hill.

Astanding

Bto stand

Cto standing

Dto stands

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84. The use of water is becoming tense in north China and the government _____ that we should save water in our daily life.

Aadvocates

Bdistributes

Cadores

Ddeclines

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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87. In Shanghai, people______ thousand tons of watermelon every summer.

Aswallow

Beat

Cconsume

Dexhaust

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1

86. Several cars are available within this price________.

Aarea

Bfiled

Cland

Drange

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85. I bought _______ eggs and _______ daily things at the supermarket yesterday.

Athree dozen of these; scores of

Bthree dozens of; score of

Cthree dozen these; scores of

Dthree dozen of; score of

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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88. As is known to all, hard work will _____ in time.

Apay out

Bpay back

Cpay up

Dpay off

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89. We had trained more and prepared well in every detail so we ____ to win.

Aexpected

Bdeserved

Cdesigned

Dsupposed

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90. After her time in hospital, Jenney’s parents are afraid she has _____ in her lessons.

Afallen back

Bfallen down

Cfallen behind

Dfallen off

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共2小题,每小题10分,共20分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

101. invite →(n.)_______________                  102. deliver → (n.)______________

103. apply → (n.)______________                   104. reserve → (n.)______________

105. survive → (n.)______________                  106. safe → (n.)______________

107. fog → (a.)______________                     108. endanger → (a.)______________

109. change → (a.)______________                  110. threat → (v.)______________

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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111. 与……保持联系;了解……的动态              112. 带头

113. 参加                                        114. 天气(转晴)

115. 在国内外                                    116. 由某人付费/负担费用

117. 原产于某地;土产的                          118. 开阔胸襟

119. 朝……的方向                                120. 专心于



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