• 英语 长沙市2017年高三第二次联合考试
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Still seeking a destination for your weekend break? There are some places which are probably a mere wall away from your college.

King’s Art Centre

A day at the Centre could mean a visit to an exhibition of the work of one of the most interesting contemporary artists on show anywhere. This weekend sees the opening of an exhibition of four local artists.

You could attend a class teaching you how to ‘learn from the masters’ or get more creative with paint – free of charge.

The Centre also runs two life drawing classes for which there is a small fee.[来源:学科网ZXXK]

The Botanic Garden

The Garden has over 8,000 plant species; it holds the research and teaching collection of living plants for Cambridge University.[来源:学*科*网]

The multi-branched Torch Aloe here is impressive. The African plant produces red flowers above blue-green leaves, and is not one to miss.

Get to the display house to see Dionaea muscipula, a plant more commonly known as the Venus Flytrap that feeds on insects and other small animals.

The Garden is also a place for wildlife-enthusiasts. Look for grass snakes in the lake. A snake called ‘Hissing Sid’ is regularly seen lying in the heat of the warm sun.[来源:学。科。网Z。X。X。K]

Byron’s Pool

Many stories surround Lord Byron’s time as a student of Cambridge University. Arriving in 1805, he wrote a letter complaining that it was a place of “mess and drunkenness”. However, it seems as though Byron did manage to pass the time pleasantly enough. I’m not just talking about the pet bear he kept in his rooms. He spent a great deal of time walking in the village.

It is also said that on occasion Byron swam naked by moonlight in the lake, which is now known as Byron’s Pool. A couple of miles past Grantchester in the south Cambridgeshire countryside, the pool is surrounded by the fields. The cries of invisible birds make the trip a lovely experience and on the way home you can drop into the village for afternoon tea. If you don’t trust me, then perhaps you’ll take it from Virginia Woolf, a famous writer,—over a century after Byron, she reportedly took a trip to swim in the same pool.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了几处周末休闲的地方。

1. The main idea of the passage is __________.

Ainteresting stories of Lord. Byron

Ban approach to becoming creative in art

Cthe colorful life in the countryside

Dsome places for weekend break

2. If you are a wildlife enthusiast, you’d better go to__________.

AByron’s Pool

Bthe Botanic Garden

CKing’s Art Centre

DCambridgeshire

3. According to the passage, the following statements are wrong except __________.
A. There is a small charge for attending the masters’ class

AByron liked swimming naked in the lake

BByron seemed to like keeping pet bears

CHissing Sid and Flytrap are impressive animals

4. The author’s purpose in mentioning Virginia Woolf is to show__________.

Ashe was a famous writer

Bshe was keen on swimming

Cshe was Byron’s admirer

DByron’s Pool is a pleasant place

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

When the sand began kicking up and hitting our faces, I started to worry that maybe we had made a mistake.

That afternoon, my dad had stood on the deck (露台) of our home and laughed as our neighbors packed up their cars and headed inland. They left to spend the night in motels or at friends’ homes that were out of range of approaching summer storm.

Challenging the weather that threatened to damping our spirits, we lit a fire on the beach. Dad told jokes and we had a good time. When it was 6:30 p.m., all laughter disappeared. Our eyes were drawn to the sky. A tornado (龙卷风) was headed straight for us! In a flash, we were all on our feet. The wind started screaming and now we were running to the cottage. My mom stopped next to the front door. “Where can we go?” She shouted at my dad.

Most cottages on this part of Lake Michigan had been built without basements. Ours was no exception. The huge windows and the cottage itself wouldn’t offer safety from high wind.

“Follow me!” my dad yelled. We crawled (爬) beneath the deck, pressing ourselves against the foundation of the cottage. Between the deck supports, we watched the approaching storm in silent terror.[来源:学科网]

My dad shouted, “Hold on!” and something else I couldn’t hear over the screaming wind. I think he was praying. By the time it reached our cottage, it was nothing more than a strong wind. The rest of the storm lasted for an hour and then simply blew away.

“Next time, we’ll stay inland at Grandma’s. Okay?” my dad said.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了在海滩遇到龙卷风,一家人抵御龙卷风的经历。

5. What did the family do before the storm came?

AThey left the motels.

BThey stayed on the beach.

CThey packed up the cars.

DThey visited their neighbors.

6. What was the family’s immediate action when they saw the tornado approach?

ARunning away at once.

BPraying in silent terror.

CCrawling on the ground.

DClosing their eyes tightly.

7. Where did the family stay in the storm?

AInside the car.

BIn a basement.

CUnder a deck.

DBehind a door.

8. What can be the best title for the text?

ALife on the beach

BSurviving a Storm

CAn Unusual Cottage

DMy Admirable Family

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2.6666666666666665分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

If you look outside, you probably will see some kind of insect. If your first instinct is to kill it, take a moment to think about all of the benefits insects provide to the environment.

Entomologists, scientists who study insects, estimate that there are more than 800,000 species of insects found throughout the world. Only a few hundred of these insects are considered harmful. Mosquitoes, for example, are considered harmful. They bite humans and other animals, and their bites can cause skin pain and spread disease. Desert locusts also are considered harmful because they destroy crops causing billions of dollars in damage each year.

However, the number of helpful insect species far outweighs the number of harmful species. Some insects make up a vital part of the food chain. Many different birds, reptiles, fish and even plants eat insects. There are also about 500 insects that people in various parts of the world eat. These insects are considered delicious food and prized for their high protein, mineral, and vitamin content. Other insects produce valuable commercial products such as silk, wax, and honey.

Of all the insects, perhaps the most important are those that travel from flower to flower and pollinate(授粉) the plants they visit. Agriculture around the world would be very different without the bees, butterflies, moths, flies and wasps that pollinate many crops. In fact, nearly one-third of the food you eat depends on plants that are pollinated by insects!

While it is true that some species of insects harm or annoy us, you should not automatically reach for the bug spray when you come across an insect. You may be destroying one of the hundreds of thousands of insects that provides many benefits to human beings.

9. According to the passage, the most important type of insects are__________.

Ainsects that are eaten by birds, reptiles and fish

Binsects that travel around and pollinate plants

Cinsects that harm mosquitoes and stop the spread of disease

Dinsects that are eaten by people in many countries

11. According to the author, the sentence in the last paragraph “you should not automatically reach for
the bug spray.” means __________.

Ayou should not keep insects as pets

Byou should not breed insects for their benefit

Cyou should not catch insects for pleasure

Dyou should not kill insects without thinking

12. The main purpose of this passage is__________.

Ato explain why it is cruel to kill bugs

Bto convince people that insects are nutritious

Cto describe the beneficial contributions of insects

Dto make people aware of endangered insect species

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Every day, millions of shoppers hit the stores in full force—both online and on foot— searching for the perfect gift. Aside from purchasing holiday gifts, most people regularly buy presents for other occasions throughout the year, including weddings, birthdays, anniversaries, graduations, and baby showers. This frequent experience of gift-giving can cause ambivalent feelings in gift-givers. Many enjoy the opportunity to buy presents because gift-giving offers a powerful means to build stronger bonds with one’s closest persons. At the same time, many fear the thought of buying gifts; they worry that their purchases will disappoint rather than delight the intended receivers.

What is surprising is that gift-givers have considerable experience acting as both gift-givers and gift-recipients, but nevertheless tend to overspend each time they set out to purchase a meaningful gift. In the present research, we propose a unique psychological explanation for this overspending problem — i.e., that gift-givers equate how much they spend with how much receivers will appreciate the gift (the more expensive the gift, the stronger a gift-recipient’s feelings of appreciation). Although a link between gift price and feelings of appreciation might seem intuitive (凭直觉得到的) to gift-givers, such an assumption may be unfounded. Indeed, we propose that gift- receivers will seldom tend to base their feelings of appreciation on the significance weight of a gift than givers assume.

Why do gift-givers assume that gift price is closely linked to gift-recipients’ feelings of appreciation? Perhaps givers believe that bigger (i.e., more expensive) gifts convey stronger signals of thoughtfulness and consideration. According to Camerer (1988) and others, gift-giving represents a symbolic ritual(礼节), by which gift-givers attempt to signal their positive attitudes toward the intended receiver and their willingness to invest resources in a future relationship. In this sense, gift-givers may be motivated to spend more money on a gift in order to send a “stronger signal” to their intended receiver. As for gift-receivers, they may not consider smaller and larger gifts as representing smaller and larger signals of thoughtfulness and consideration.

In practical terms, people spend hundreds of dollars each year on gifts, but somehow never learn to measure their gift expenses according to personal insight.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文。作者论述了送礼物的三个方面内容。送礼物是为了加深情感;送礼者的思维方式;礼物的价钱和收礼者的感激程度相关联。

13. The underlined word ambivalent most nearly means__________.

Aunrealistic

Bconflicted

Cappreciative

Dsupportive

14. The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it__________.

Afunctions as a form of self-expression.

Bis an inexpensive way to show appreciation.

Crequires the gift-receivers to return.

Dcan serve to strengthen a relationship.

15. The authors refer to work by Camerer and others in order to__________.

Aoffer an explanation

Bintroduce an argument

Cquestion an intension

Dsupport a conclusion

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

During a research experiment a marine(海洋)biologist placed a shark into a large holding tank and then released several small fish into the tank. 16 ______

The marine biologist then inserted a strong piece of clear fiberglass(玻璃纤维)into the tank, creating two separate parts. She then put the shark on one side of the fiberglass and a new set of small fish on the other.

Again, the shark quickly attacked. This time, however, the shark hit the fiberglass divider and bounced off. 17 _ Meanwhile, the small fish swam around unharmed in the second part. Eventually, about an hour into the experiment, the shark gave up.    This experiment was repeated several dozen times over the next few weeks. 18 __  Eventually the shark got tired of hitting the fiberglass divider and simply stopped attacking altogether.

The marine biologist then removed the fiberglass divider, but the shark didn’t attack.  19 __ So, they swam wherever they wished, free from harm.

Like the shark in the story, many of us, after experiencing setbacks and failures, emotionally give up and stop trying. 20 __ In other words, we continue to see a barrier in our heads, even when no ‘real’ barrier exists between where we are and where we want to go.

AAt the same time, the shark tried again and again.

BWe believe that because we were unsuccessful in the past, we will always be unsuccessful.

CThe shark was trained to believe a barrier existed between it and the small fish.

DIt kept repeating this behavior every few minutes fruitlessly.

EWe should keep on trying even if we meet obstacles.

FEach time, the shark got less aggressive and made fewer attempts to attack the small fish.

GAs you would expect, the shark quickly swam around the tank, attacked and ate the smaller fish.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

I have been paralyzed(瘫痪) from the neck downwards since I was born in 1971 and spent my life wheelchair-bound. However, 21 __ this I have been lucky enough to travel the world, develop a (an) 22 __ career and establish a supportive group of family and friends.                                                            
   Growing up in a home full of love, 23 ___ and faith, my parents and siblings (兄弟姐妹) helped me to live a 24 __ normal life. However, it was through 25 ___ that I was able to 26 ___ normal childhood activities, 27 ____ I was able to feel the 28 ___ by drawing young girls dancing and running, which my 29 __ kept me from participating in.
   As a young girl I had an art exhibition in my hometown of Copenhagen 30 __ my artwork. The local paper 31 _____ my exhibition and printed an article and photos of me with my paintings. Upon seeing this article, an international organization the Mouth and Foot Painting Artists (MFPA)
32 ___ and offered me a scholarship,which helped develop my 33 ___ abilities and
34 ___ my career as a painter by providing me with 35 ____ for art classes and materials. I have been with the MFPA for 14 years and I paint with my 36 ____. Like all the artists I make my living through the 37 ___ of reproductions of my paintings in the form of cards and calendars which are sold directly to the public. Through the MFPA, which has been helping 802 mouth and foot painters like me to create a 38 _ future since 1957, I am 39 ___ surrounded by fellow mouth and foot painters, who have 40 ____ and assisted me with my work.

21.

Ain terms of

Bin spite of

Cin face of

Din honor of

22.

Asuccessful

Bregretful

Cpainful

Dhelpful

23.

Ahope

Bdetermination

Ccourage

Dsupport

24.

Arelatively

Bcompletely

Cextremely

Despecially

25.

Apainting

Bdancing

Csinging

Drunning

26 .

Aexplain

Bexperience

Ccreate

Daccept


27.

Athough

Bif

Cbecause

Dso

28.

Astrength

Bstress

Cjoy

Dchallenge


29.

Ainterest

B family

Cdisability

Dfriends
【分值】1.5

30.

Aselling

Bdisplaying

Ctrading

Dbuying
【分值】1.5

31.

Aconsidered

Bdesigned

Cmentioned

Dattended
【分值】1.5

32.

Agot in touch

Bcame across

Ckept away from

Dmade use of
【分值】1.5

33.

Aathletic

Bartistic

Cscientific

Dcultural
【分值】1.5

34.

Astop

Bdestroy

Cfind

Dfurther
【分值】1.5

35.

Aclothes

Bwheelchair

Cfunding

Dwalking stick
【分值】1.5

36.

Ahand

Bfoot

Cmouth

Darm
【分值】1.5

37.

Ashow

Bsale

Cdisplay

Dstorage
【分值】1.5

38.

Aupset

Blonely

Cdiscouraging

Dpositive
【分值】1.5

39.

Afinally

Bconstantly

Chardly

Donly
【分值】1.5

40.

Ainspired

Bpersuaded

Crefused

Dnoticed
【分值】1.5

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

In Australia, it's estimated there are 40,000 daigou, which 41 ___(mean) "on behalf of" in Mandarin. The online shopping agents are almost from mainland China, 42 __are young migrants or international students 43 ___ (look) for flexible ways to help cover their rent and university fees.

The centre of the trade is in Sydney, a city with a growing Chinese community and frequent direct flights to China, which makes doing business 44 __ (quick) and smoother.

Earlier this year, Beijing 45 ___ (tight) regulations on cross-border online shopping, but there is still money to be made, especially in baby milk formula, known as "white gold". Many families don't care about the price 46 __ they do care about the quality. However, customers must be convinced the goods they receive are real, and that the supplier is 47 ___ (rely). So Daigou have to pack their products again with Australian magazines to help prove their origin. What daigou are doing is build trust between their customers.·

Rika, a girl from the 40,000 daigou, thinks that the income from daigou is reasonable compared to other working 48 ____ (opportunity) like working in a restaurant and that sort of thing. Besides, she thinks daigou are good 49 ___ the local economy and our business. So she 50 __ (clear) believes they are a positive force.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

51.短文改错

After the Spring Festival, there arises some hot topics, and lucky money is including as well. To collect opinions from the public, an online survey has made these days.

82% of the participants regard lucky money as one of the most important traditional custom, representing good wishes from the elderly to the new generation. Besides, lucky money is the more attractive part for children, it forms the good memory of our childhood.

The rest, however, think bad of it. For one thing, the amount is grown bigger and bigger, making it a heavy load. For another, it has been a good excuse to bribe (贿赂) people in the power, which is bad for building a healthy and harmonious society.

Personally speaking, lucky money is nothing wrong. Only when we know its meaning can you send our hearty wishes to the young.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52.假如你是李华,在你校学习的美国交换生David和你成为了好朋友,并且在他的帮助下你的英语学习取得了很大的进步。在他结束学习回国之后, 请用英语给他写一封感谢信。内容应包括:

1 表达思念;2 感谢帮助;3 希望保持联系。

注意事项:

1 不得透露真实姓名和学校 

2 词数:100左右 

3 .开头和结尾已写出,不计入词数

Dear David ,

How time flies! It’s been a total week since you left our school.  ________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours

Lihua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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