• 英语 拉萨市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共82分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Holidays

Holiday News
Vacancies (空位) now and in the school holidays at a country hotel in Devon. This comfortable, friendly home-from-home lies near the beautiful quiet countryside, but just a drive away from the sea. The food is simple but good. Children and pets are welcome.
Reduced prices for low season.

The Snowdonia Center

The Snowdonia Center for young mountain climbers has a mountain lesson. The beginners’ costs are £57 for a week, including food and rooms. Equipment is included except walking shoes, which can be hired at a low cost.
You must be in good health and prepared to go through a period of body exercises. This could be the beginning of a lifetime of lifetime of mountain climbing adventure.

The World Sea Trip of a Lifetime
Our World Sea Trip of 2008 will be unlike any holiday you have ever been on before. Instead of one hotel after another, with all its packing and unpacking waiting and traveling, you just go to bed in one country and wake up in another.
On board the ship, you will be well taken care of. Every meal will be first-class and every cabin like your home.
During the trip, you can rest on deck(甲板), enjoy yourself in the games rooms and in the evening dance to our musical team and watch our wonderful play.
You will visit all the places most people only dream about – from Acapulco and Hawaii to Tokyo and Hong Kong.
For a few thousand pounds, all you’ve ever hoped for can be yours.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了三个假期度假的地方。

1. What can you do if you like to go on holidays with pets?

AChoose the holiday in Devon.

BGo to the Snowdonia Centre

CJoin the World Sea Trip of 2008

DVisit Acapulco and Hawaii

2. In what way is the Snowdonia Centre different from the other two holidays?

AIt provides chances of family gatherings.

BIt provides customers with good food.

CIt offers a sport lesson.

DIt offers comfortable room.

3. What is special about the World Sea Trip of 2008?

AYou can have free meals on deck every day.

BYou can sleep on a ship and tour many places.

CYou will have chances to watch and act in a play.

DYou have to do your own packing and unpacking.

4. At the Snowdonia Centre, the beginners’ costs of £57 do not cover   .

Afood

Brooms

Cbody exercises

Dwalking shoes

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

At one time, computers were expected largely to remove the need for paper copies of documents(文件) because they could be stored electronically. But for all the texts that are written, stored and sent electronically, a lot of them are still ending up on paper.

It is difficult to measure the quantity of paper used as a result of use of Internet-connected computers, although just about anyone who works in an office can tell you that when e-mail is introduced, the printers start working overtime. “I feel in my bones this revolution is causing more trees to be cut down ,” says Ted Smith of the Earth Village Organization.

Perhaps the best sign of how computer and Internet use pushes up demand for paper comes from the high-tech industry itself, which sees printing as one of its most promising new markets. Several Internet companies have been set up to help small businesses print quality documents from a computer. Earlier this week Hewlett-Packard Co. announced a plan to develop new technologies that will enable people to print even more so they can get a hard copy of a business document, a medical record or just a one-line e-mail, even if they are nowhere near a computer. As the company sees it , the more use of the Internet the greater demand for printers .

Does all this mean environmental concerns have been forgotten? Some activists suggest people have been led to believe that a lot of dangers to the environment have gone away.

“I guess people believe that the problem is taken care of, because of recycling,” said Kelly Quirke, director of the Rainforest Action Network in San Francisco. Yet Quirke is hopeful that high-tech may also prove helpful. He says printers that print on both sides are growing in popularity.

The action group has also found acceptable paper made from materials other than wood, such as agricultural waste.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述了联网电脑的使用会导致打印设备依然使用很频繁。

5. What does the underlined phases mean            .

Ahaving a pain in my bone

Bforeseeing something

Cfeeling something terrible

Doverhearing something

6. Hewlett-Packard Co. has decided to develop new technologies because      .

Apeople are concerned about the environment

Bprinters in many offices are working overtime

Csmall companies need more hard copies

Dthey see a growing market for printers

7. Environmentalists believe one possible way of dealing with the paper situation is .

Ato encourage printing more quality documents

Bto develop new printers using recycled paper

Cto find new materials for making paper

Dto plant more fast-growing trees

8. What would be the best title for the text ?

AComputers and Printers

BE-mail and the Business World

CInternet Revolution and Environment

DModern Technology and New Markets

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. “I was a clothes addict.” he jokes. “I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled.” Today David wears casual clothes—khaki pants and a sports shirt—to the office. He hardly ever wears a necktie. “I am working harder than ever.” David says, “and I need to feel comfortable.”

More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work. In the United States, the change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual. In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday(but only on Friday).This became known as “dress-down Friday” or “casual Friday”. “What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing.” said business consultant Maisly Jones.

Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it’s easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code.” “A lot of young people don’t want to dress up for work,” says the owner of a software company, “so it’s hard to hire people if you have a conservative(保守的)dress code.” Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale(心境,士气). Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative influence on productivity. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. “Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,” one person said. “For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述了现在很多公司允许员工穿休闲服上班,这有利于员工提高工作产量。

9. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because .

Athey make him feel at ease when working

Bhe cannot afford to buy expensive clothes

Che looks handsome in casual clothes

Dhe no longer works for any company

10. According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

ACompany workers started to dress down about fifty years ago.

BDress-down has become an everyday phenomenon since the early 90s.

C“Dress-down Friday” was first given as a favor from employers.

DMany workers want to wear casual clothes to impress people.

11. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT .

Asaving employees’ money

Bmaking employees more attractive

Cimproving employees’ motivation

Dmaking employees happier

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment. Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roadsworldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!

Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighbourhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car.

You can bike to work and benefit (受益) from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way. Folding (折叠) bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travellers.

Health Benefits of Bicycling:

It helps to prevent heart diseases.

Bicycling helps to control your weight.

A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.

Bicycling can improve your mood (心情).

Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better, more relaxed and self-confident.

Bicycling is healthier than driving.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述了骑自行车的种种好处。

12. From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very         .

Asurprising

Bexciting

Cexpensive

Dpopular

13. When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood, you may       .

Apollute the environment around

Bfind something you didn’t notice

Cgo everywhere and use a little oil

Dget off your bike and begin to work

14. One of the benefits from bicycling is that          .

Ayou can fold the bicycle

Byou will be friendly to others

Cyou will be more relaxed

Dyou may get fatter and fatter

15. Which is TRUE according to the passage?

ABicycling is enjoyable exercise for people.

BDriving cars is healthier than riding bikes

CRiding a bike pollutes your neighbourhood.

DCommon bikes are welcomed by all airlines.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Diana got married and had a 5-year-old son named Dusfin. They lived a very happy life and have been expecting a new family member coming. But a disease forced her to experience an emergency operation to deliver their new daughter.At 12 inches long and    _21___ only one pound and nine ounces,she was a premature baby.But the doctor’s soft words dropped like    _22___.“I don’t think she’s going to make it” he said.“There’s only a 10-percent    23___she will pull through the night,and even then,if by some chance she does make it,her future could be a very    22___ one.”

David and Diana listened as the doctor  23   the serious problems the newly—born baby,Anna,would  26   face if she survived.She would never walk;she would never  25   ;she would probably be blind;and so on.

“No! No!” was all Diana could  28  .The whole family had long   29  the day they would have a daughter to become a   30   of four.Now,within a matter of hours,that dream was slipping away. But Diana insisted,“I don’t care what the doctors say! One day she will be coming home with us!” [KS3UKS3UKS3U]

Certainly,there was   31  a moment when Anna suddenly grew  32   .But as the weeks went by,she did  33   gain an ounce of weight here and an ounce of  32   there. At last,when Anna turned two months old,her parents were able to   33   her in their arms for the very first time though    36    continued to gently but coldly   35  that her chances of surviving,much less living any kind of normal life,were next to zero.

Finally,Anna went home from the hospital,just as her mother had  38   .Today,five years later,Anna is a little but lively young girl with bright gray eyes   39  a strong interest for life. She shows no  40   of any mental or physical injuries. Simply,she is everything a little girl can be.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了Diana因为疾病要提前生出女儿的经历。

21.

Aweighing

Bcounting

Cmeasuring

Dlooking

22.

Agifts

Brains

Corders

Dbombs

23.

Achance

Bright

Cdeduction

Dresult

24.

Aeasy

Bcommon

Ccruel

Dpeaceful

25.

Asolved

Bcollected

Ccreated

Ddescribed

26.

Abravely

Blikely

Ccompletely

Dfirmly

27.

Atalk

Btaste

Cbreathe

Dsee

28.

Aact

Bconsider

Csay

Drefuse

29.

Agone through

Bgiven up

Crelied on

Ddreamed of

30.

Afamily

Bgroup

Cteam

Dunit

31.

Aever

Beven

Cnever

Dstill

32.

Ahappier

Bstronger

Cquieter

Dcalmer

33.

Astrangely

Bsharply

Cparticularly

Dslowly

34.

Astrength

Bprogress

Cskill

Dwisdom

35.

Ahold

Bgrasp

Ctouch

Dflick

36.

Abarbers

Bparents

Crelatives

Ddoctors

37.

Anotice

Bwarn

Cjudge

Dpresent

38.

Adoubted

Bfeared

Choped

Daccused

39.

Abut

Band

Cso

Dor else

40.

Aeffects

Bmarks

Csigns

Devidences

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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A few weeks ago, I was on vacation with my family in Malaysia. We visited lots of places. One of the hotels we ___41_____(stay)in was near a China Town.

Everything was cheap there, ___42_____ we did a lot of shopping. I was looking for a watch for ___43_____(I)and one for my girlfriend. There were many shops that were selling ___42_____ same watch—but for different prices. I finally found the best price when it was time ____43____ (pay), I realized I was 10 dollars short, so I suggested ____44____ (return) one of the watches. The ___45_____ (own) of the shop asked why and I explained I didn’t have enough money with me. She smiled and said, “You can take it, but promise me you’ll pay tomorrow!” So I asked her what time she ____48____ (be) there the next day and said, “OK, I promise.”

Unfortunately we changed our hotel and the new one was much _____49____ (far) away from China Town, but I still walked all the way to her shop and gave her the money. She smiled and said, “You’re a good person.” It’s so beautiful when people ____50____ you don’t know trust you.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了和家人去马来西亚旅游买东西的经历。

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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改错

Dear Andy,

I am glad to learn from that you are coming to China and will stay at my home. My parents and I are very pleasing to have you with me. Now let me tell you that we have arranged for you. I know the school would organize a lot of things for you do in the morning. In the afternoon, I’ll show you around and take you to some place of interest. We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watch TV, playing games, and meeting people. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderful time or enjoy each other’s company.

I’m looking forward to meet you soon.

Yours sincerely,

Zhao Mei

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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Freshmen anywhere may be nervousabout university life.Here, three pieces of advice are for them.                                 

Listen but don't be silent                                   

  The world is held in students’ hand via smart phones. Thus, they mayconsider lecture listening less important. 16  It forces students to face thedifficulties of training a deep attentiveness.Unsurprisingly, students find it hard to speak out,ask questions or for points of clarification. They don't want to appear foolishor incapable. However, there is no such thing as a foolish question. Teachersare there to help you understand. This also goes for seminars and workshops. 17                                

Read and buy books                                        

   18  There're so many usefulonline sources today, but the habit of reading books, especially whole books,is something being lost. Buy your own books.There are many bargains to be found on used-bookwebsites or through Amazon. Being a book lover and buyer will help any studentget the most out of their education.                         

   19                                                 

   As a student, you don't just have to learn to listen and become anactive reader: you also have to become an academic writer. Written work atcollege level cannot be done at the last minute or in a rush. It takes time.Turn to your teachers. If they will read draft essays then make sure you canget feedback(反馈)ahead of the finalsubmission. 20                                            

Students who get feedback on theirwork always do better than those who do not. It is one of the few educationallaws that holds true in all cases

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者对新入学的大学生提了三点建议。

AA. Don't try to do it all the nightbefore.                        

BB. However, a lecture is a listeningworkout.                      

CC. Thinking clearly cannot be donein a rush.                      

DD. So train your ear, listencarefully, but don't be silent.          

EE. Reading is the most important thing thatany student does.         

FF. Re-writing has proved to be theturning point in one's degree.     

GG. If they won't read drafts, thensee them to run through your ideas.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共28分。
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高考将探索外语科目一年多次的社会化考试,学生可自主选择考试时间和次数。和目前的高考制度相比,你更喜欢哪种方式?请谈谈你的看法。

分值: 28分 查看题目解析 >
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