• 英语 温州市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

Manners nowadays in big cities like London are particularly non-existent. It’s   for a big, strong schoolboy to push an elderly woman aside for the last   seat on the bus, much less stand up and offer his seat to her, as he ought to. In fact, it is a   to note that if a man does offer his seat to an older woman, it is nearly always a man of the older   .

This question of   seats in public transport is much argued by young men, who say that, since women have claimed   , they no longer deserve to be treated   and that those who go out to work should take their turn in the rat race like anyone else. Women have never claimed to be   as strong as men. Even if it’s not   that young men should stand up for older women, however, the fact remains that good manners should be shown to the old, the  and the burdened. Are we really so lost to all ideals of   that we can sit there calmly reading the paper or a book, saying to ourselves “First come, first served”, while a gray-haired woman, or a mother with a young child stands?   this is too often seen.

Older people, tired and easily   from a day’s work, aren’t angels, either. Many a sudden argument or a fierce quarrel   as the tired people push and pull each other to get on buses or tubes.

If cities are to remain pleasant places to   in at all, however, it seems necessary, not only that communication in   should be improved, but also that communication between human beings should be kept smooth and   . Shop assistants won’t bother to   , taxi drivers shout at each other as they drive dangerously round corners, bus conductors pull the bell   their desperate passengers have had time to get on or off the bus, and so on. It seems to us that it’s up to the young and strong to do their small    to stop such “worsening”.

21.

Asomething

Bnothing

Canything

Deverything

22.

Agood

Bcomfortable

Cideal

Dremaining

23.

Apity

Bpleasure

Csurprise

Dsight

24.

Akind

Brace

Cgeneration

Dtradition

25.

Ataking up

Bhanding over

Cputting away

Dgiving up

26.

Aright

Bequality

Cposition

Drespect

27.

Aspecially

Bequally

Ccarefully

Dwarmly

28.

Aclearly

Bsocially

Cphysically

Dlegally

29.

Asaid

Bagreed

Creported

Dconsidered

30.

Ayoung

Bpoor

Crich

Dsick

31.

Adetermination

Bgenerosity

Cpeace

Dunselfishness

32.

AYet

BAlso

CInstead

DRather

33.

Aannoyed

Bdisappointed

Cfrightened

Dsatisfied

34.

Abuilds up

Bblows up

Cbreaks out

Dsets out

35.

Ashops

Bhomes

Coffices

Dtransport

36.

Asimple

Bdirect

Cpolite

Dclear

37.

Asell

Bwait

Cassist

Dgreet

38.

Abefore

Bsince

Ctill

Dwhile

39.

Ajob

Bpart

Cbit

Dturn

40.

Ajob

Bpart

Cbit

Dturn

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Most of us spend our lives seeking the natural world. To this end, we walk the dog, play golf, go fishing, sit in the garden, drink outside rather than inside the pub, have a picnic, live in the suburbs, go to the seaside, buy a weekend place in the country. The most popular free time activity in Britain is going for a walk. And when joggers jog, they don’t run the streets. Every one of them automatically heads to the park or the river. It is my firm belief that not only do we all need nature, but we all seek nature, whether we know we are doing so or not.

But despite this, our children are growing up nature-deprived (丧失). I spent my boyhood climbing trees. These days, children are robbed of these ancient freedoms, due to problems like crime, traffic, the loss of the open spaces and strange new ideas about what is best for children, that is to say, things that can be bought, rather than things that can be found.

The truth is to be found elsewhere. A study in the US: families had moved to better housing and the children were assessed for ADHD (多动症). Those whose housing had more natural views showed an improvement of 19%; those who had the same improvement in material surroundings but no nice view improved just 4%.

A study in Sweden indicated that kindergarten children who could play in a natural environment had less illness and greater physical ability than children used only to a normal playground. A US study suggested that when a school gave children access to a natural environment, the entire school would do better in studies.

Another study found that children play differently in a natural environment. In playgrounds, children create a hierarchy (等级) based on physical abilities, with the tough ones taking the lead. But when a grassy area was planted with bushes, the children got much more into fantasy play, and the social hierarchy was now based on imagination and creativity.

Most bullying (恃强凌弱) is found in schools where there is a tarmac (柏油碎石) playground; the least bullying is in a natural area that the children are encouraged to explore. This reminds me unpleasantly of Sunnyhill School, with its hard tarmac, where I used to hang about in corners dreaming about wildlife.

But children are frequently discouraged from involvement with natural spaces, for health and safety reasons, for fear that they might get dirty or that they might cause damage. So, instead, the damage is done to the children themselves: not to their bodies but to their souls.

One of the great problems of modern childhood is ADHD, now increasingly and expensively treated with drugs. Yet one study after another indicates that contact with nature gives huge benefits to ADHD children. However, we spend money on drugs rather than on green places.

The life of old people is much better when they have access to nature. The most important for the growing population of old people is in quality rather than quantity of years. And study after study finds that a garden is the single most important thing in finding that quality.

In wider and more difficult areas of life, there is evidence to indicate that natural surroundings improve all kinds of things. Even problems with crime and aggressive behaviour are reduced when there is contact with the natural world.

Dr William Bird, researcher from the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, states in his study, “A natural environment can reduce violent behaviour because its process helps reduce anger and behavior that people might regret later.” Wild places need encouraging for this reason, no matter how small their contribution.

We tend to think human beings are doing nature some kind of favour when we are protecting nature. The error here is far too deep: not only do humans need nature for themselves, but the very idea that humanity and the natural world are separable things is damaging.

Human beings are a species of animals. For seven million years we lived on the planet as part of nature. So we miss the natural world and long for contact with non-human life. Anyone who has patted a dog, stroked a cat, sat under a tree with a glass of beer, given or received a bunch of flowers or chosen to walk through the park on a nice day, understands that.

We need the wild world. It is necessary to our well-being, our health, our happiness. Without other living things around us we are less than human.

41.What is the author’s firm belief?

APeople seek nature in different ways.

BPeople should spend most of their lives in the wild.

CPeople have quite different ideas of nature.

DPeople must make more efforts to study nature.

42.What does a study in Sweden show?
A. The natural environment can help children learn better.
B. More access to nature makes children less likely to fall ill.
C. A good playground helps kids develop their physical abilities.
D. Natural views can prevent children from developing ADHD.


43. Children who have chances to explore natural areas ________.
A. tend to develop a strong love for science

Aare more likely to dream about wildlife
C. tend to be physically tougher in adulthood

Bare less likely to be involved in bullying


44. What does the author suggest we do to help children with ADHD?
A. Find more effective drugs for them.

AProvide more green spaces for them.
C. Place them under more personal care.

BEngage them in more meaningful activities.

45. In what way do elderly people benefit from their contact with nature?
A. They look on life optimistically.

AThey enjoy a life of better quality.

BThey are able to live longer.

CThey become good-humoured.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Note: 1gigawtt = 1000 megawatts

SAN FRANCISCO — Apple is cleaning up its manufacturing operations in China to reduce the air pollution caused by the factories that have assembled (装配) hundreds of millions of iPhones and iPads during the past eight years.

The world's most valuable company is working with its Chinese suppliers to eventually produce 2.2 gigawatts of solar power and other renewable energy.

The commitment announced Wednesday represents Apple's latest attempt to prevent the popularity of its devices and digital services from increasing the carbon emissions that are widely believed to change the Earth's climate.

Apple Inc. estimates (估计) 20 million tons of greenhouse gas pollution will be avoided as more of its suppliers rely on renewable energy between now and 2020. That's like having four million fewer cars on the road for a year.

Panels capable of generating (生产) about 200 megawatts of solar power will be financed by Apple in the northern, southern and eastern regions of China, where many of its suppliers are located. The company is teaming up with its Chinese suppliers to build the capacity for the remaining 2 gigawatts of renewable energy, which will be a mix of solar, wind and hydroelectric power.

Foxconn, which runs the factory where the most iPhones are assembled, is pledging to contribute 400 megawatts of solar power as part of the 2-gigawatt commitment. The solar panels to be built by 2018 in China's Henan Province are supposed to produce as much renewable energy as Foxconn's Zhengzhou factory consumes while making iPhones.

Apple has made protecting the environment a higher priority since Tim Cook replaced the late Steve Jobs as the company's CEO four years ago.

"Climate change is one of the great challenges of our time, and the time for action is now," Cook said in a statement. "The transition to a new green economy requires innovation, ambition and purpose."

Apple just completed projects in China that generate 40 megawatts of solar energy to cover the power required by its 24 stores and 19 offices in the country. All of Apple's data centers, offices and stores in the U.S. already have been running on renewable energy.

"When you look at all the air pollution in China, all the manufacturing that is done there has a lot to do with it, so this is a significant step in the right direction," said Gary Cook, a senior analyst for Greenpeace, a group devoted to protecting the environment.

Apple also has a financial motivation to help make China a better place to live. The greater China region is Apple's second biggest market behind the U.S. Tim Cook has made it clear that he wants the company to make even more progress as rising incomes enable more of China's population to buy smart phones and other gadgets.

Apple can easily afford to go green. The company had $203 billion in cash at the end of June. This story has been reflected to correct that Apple and its suppliers haven't set a timetable for producing the 2.2 gigawatts of renewable energy in China.

46. The commitment announced Wednesday shows that ______.

AApple wanted to change its public image eagerly

BApple wanted to contribute to protecting the environment

CApple wanted to cut down its expenses by using renewable energy

DApple wanted to stop the popularity of its product from polluting the environment

47. It is estimated that with Apple's new commitment, ______.

AThere will be four million fewer cars on the road for a year

B20 billion tons of greenhouse gas pollution will be avoided

CMuch of its greenhouse gas pollution will be avoided between now and 2020

DChina will become Apple's second biggest market behind the US

48. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

AApple has enough cash in store for switching to renewable energy supply.

BThe 2 gigawatts of renewable energy will be a mix of solar, wind and electric power.

CApple's data centers, offices and stores already have been running on renewable energy.

DApple will eventually produce 2.2 gigawatts of solar power and other renewable energy.

49. What is Gary Cook's attitude towards Apple's commitment?

AOptimistic

BSupportive

CDoubtful

DIndifferent

50. Where is this passage probably taken from?

AA science report.

BA textbook.

CAn advertisement.

DA newspaper.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

“Mom, I have cancer.”These four words catapulted my son and me on a journey that lasted two years. On that day I felt a wave of paralyzing fear.

Scott was the oldest of my four children. He was 33 years old and a successful assistant principal at SamRayburn Hifht School in Pasadena, Texas. He and his wife Carolyn were busy raising four active children. Scott was 6”2’, weighed 200 pounds and had never been sick a day in his life.

A few month earlier a mole(痣) on his neck had changed color. “Dr.Warner called,” Scott said that spring morning. “It’s melanoma.(黑素瘤)” I tried to comfort him, naming all the people I knew who had survived skin cancer. Yet, I felt small tentacles of fear begin to wrap around my chest.

Our next stop was MDAnderson, the famous cancer hospital in Houston. Scott had surgery at the end of May and was scheduled for radiation treatments over the summmer recess. “There is an 80 percent chance it won’t reoccur,” the doctors said. At the end of summer, all his tests came back negative and Scott was back at school in the fall. However, in December, Scott discovered a lump on his neck. It was examined and the result came back “malignant.(恶性的)” We now realized that Scott fell into the 20 percent category. I could feel the tentacles tightening around my chest. He entered the hospital for an aggressive treatment, a combination of interferon and interleukin.

After five months of treatment, he had radical surgery on his neck. The test results were encourging, only three of the 33 lymph nodes(淋巴结) removed were malignant. We were very hopeful.

For the next six months, Scott’s follow-up visits went well. Then in October, X-ray revealed a spot on his lung. The spot was removed during surgery and the doctors tried to be optimistic. It was a daily battle to control the fear and panic each setback brought.

In January, he was diagnosed as having had a “disease explosion.” The cancer had spread to his lungs, spine and liver and he was given three to six months to live. There were times during this period when I felt like I was having a heart attack. The bands constricting my chest made breathing difficult.

When you watch your child battle cancer, you experience a roller coaster of emotions. There are moments of hope and optimism but a bad test result or even an unusual pain can bring on dread and panic.

Scott was readmitted to the hospital for one last try with chemotherapy. He died, quite suddenly, just six weeks after his last diagnosis. I was completely destroyed. I had counted on those last few months.

The next morning I was busy notifying people and making funeral arrangements. I remember having this nagging feeling that something was physically wrong with me. It took a moment to realize that the crushing sensation in my chest was gone. The thing every parent fears the most had happened. My son was gone. Of course, the fear had been replaced by unbearable sorrow.

After you lose a child, it is so difficult to go on. The most minimal tasks, combing your hair or taking a shower, becoming monumental. For months I just sat and stared into space. That spring, the trees began to bloom; flowers began to pop up in my garden. Friendswood was coming back to life but I was dead inside.

During those last weeks, Scott and I often spoke about life and death. Fragments of those conversations kept playing over and over in my mind.

“Don’t let this ruin your life, Mom.”

“Make sure Dad remodels his workshop.”

“Please, take care of my family.”

I remember wishing I could have just one more conversation with him. I knew what I would say, but what would Scott say? “I know how much you love me, Mom. So just sit on the couch and cry.” No, I knew him better than that. Scott loved life and knew how precious it is. I could almost hear his voice saying, “Get up Mom, Get on with your life. It’s too valuable to waste.”

That was the day I began to move forward. I signed up for a cake decorating class. Soon I was making cakes for holidays and birthdays. My daughter-in-law told me about a writing class in Houston. I hadn’t written in years, but since I was retired I decided it be time to start again. The local college advertised a Life Story Writing class that I joined. There I met women who had also lost their children. The Poet Laureate of Texas was scheduled to speak at our local Barnes and Noble. I attended and joined our local poetry society. I never dreamed that writing essays and poems about Scott could be so therapeutic. Several of those poems have ever been published. In addition, each group brought more and more people into my life..

I don’t believe you ever recover from the loss of a child. Scott is in my heart and mind every day. However, I do believe you can survive.

Scott fought so bravery to live and he never gave up. He taught me that life is a gift that should be cherished, not wasted. It has taken years to become the person I am today. The journey has been a difficult , painful process but certainly worth the effort and I know that my son would be proud.

51. What might be the best title of the passage ?

ALife is valuable

BGrieving and Recovery

CLove and sorrow

DAlive or dead

52. What does the underlined sentence “ The bands constricting my chest made breathing difficult” probably imply?

AIt implies that Scott’s mother was likely to have a heart attack.

BIt implies that there was something wrong with Scott’s mother’s chest.

CIt implies that Scott’s mother was very upset and panic because of Scott’s severe illness.

DIt implies that the cancer had spread to her chest just like her son.

53. Which of the following statements best shows the author’s feeling about Scott’s death?

AIt was a daily battle to control the fear and panic each setback brought.

BShe felt a wave of fear.

CShe felt a feeling of fear begin to wrap around her chest.

DThe fear had been replaced by unbearable sorrow.

54. From Scott and his mother’s conversation, we can know that Scott is ________.

Aconsiderable

Bhumorous

Cdetermined

Dsensitive

55. The author intends to tell us that___________.

Ait takes a long time to make a person recover from the shock of losing a child

BScott is proud of his mother

Clife is full of happiness and sorrow.

DWe’d better make our life count instead of counting your days.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Lost in the Post

How would you feel if the letter you penned carefully and posted to your favorite star ended up in the recycling bin? That's where unopened fan mail sent to singer Taylor Swift was found in Nashville. ___ __

Swift’s management said it was an accident, but dealing with piles of letters is a burden for most public figures. According to the BBC reporter Jon Kelly, at the height of his fame, Johnny Depp was said to receive up to 10,000 letters a week. ___ ___

The dawn of the digital age in which public figures with a Twitter account can be messaged directly has made the process easier. The White House says it deals with 20,000 messages addressed to President Barack Obama each day.

Some celebrities don’t want letters. In 2008, Beatles drummer Ringo Starr said that he would throw them out because he was too busy. __ ___ Robert Pattinson, star of the Twilight films, claims that he reads tonnes and tonnes of letters from fans, which takes up almost all his free time.

Many artists, however, outsource(外包) the task of opening, reading and replying. Sylvia “Spanky” Taylor, 58, has run a service in California that does just that since 1987. __ _ Most letters are simply declarations of affection and admiration, she says. A few ask for money. A small number contain threats which require her to contact the celebrity’s security team and law enforcement.

The biggest problem for Taylor is working out how to deal with the correspondence(通信). Presents such as soft toys are sent to local hospitals, and most of the letters just get shredded and recycled.

__ __ For some, this is enough, according to Lynn Zubernis, an expert at West Chester University. She says that the relationship between fan and celebrity may exist only in the mind of the former but it comes from a deeply-rooted human need for community.

AOthers do attempt to get through it themselves.

BIn fact, there is no alternative to deal with the problem.

CHow could he have enough time to skim through these letters one by one?

DTypically, correspondence is acknowledged by a photo with a printed “signature”.

EAccordingly, the correspondence problem has been difficult for the computer to automate.

FShe and her staff deal with up to 20,000 items of mail a month on behalf of 26 celebrities.

GThis incident has caused a wide public concern about how the public figures deal with the letters or mails from the fans.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

If I were to ask you who have changed your life, a person would pop into your head. More than likely that person is a teacher, friend, parent, or relative. The      you think about it, the number of people who have changed your life increases. Yet, the number of people is still small, every one    (leave) their fingerprints on your life.
   If you were to ask me, my answer would be       from the usual. Every person I have met, loved, hated, talked to, known, or learned from has changed my life. Not every person has changed it in a positive way though; some have left wounds, while others have left hope.
   You life can      (influence) by anyone. It doesn't matter whether you have known them forever       you have just met. Sometimes it is the little things that change our lives. When someone you don't know holds the door open for you, or helps you pick up your      (belong) from the floor, just for those split seconds the world is a little nicer. The people around you can turn bad days into good ones, and good days into bad ones. Everyone around you affects your life        you realize it.
   You may think everything I have written is wrong, but I disagree. Some people simply make bigger impacts than others.    __, most changes are small, only changing your path the smallest fraction (小部分) of an inch. Like everything else, those small fractions of an inch began to add up over time. Then before you know it the path b    your feet is different from before.

As for me, I'd like to silently thank those people around me    _ make me what I am, changing my life every day.

letters or mails from the fans.

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翻译题 本大题共20分。
1

71.大熊猫是一种温顺的动物,长着独特的黑白皮毛。因其数量极少,大熊猫已被列为濒危物种。大熊猫对于世界自然基金会有着特殊意义。自1961年该基金会成立以来,大熊猫就一直是它的徽标。大熊猫是熊科中最稀有的成员,主要生活在中国西南部的森林里。目前,世界上大约有1000只大熊猫。这些以竹为食的动物正面临许多威胁。因此,确保大熊猫的生存比以往更重要。

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假如你是高中生李越,请用英语给你的一位朋友写一封100-120个词的信。信中应包括以下内容:

1) 推荐一本(部)你最喜爱的书;

2) 写出几点你推荐该书的理由。

注意:信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入词数。

My friend,

I’m writing to recommend a book to you.

Yours sincerely,
 Li Yue

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共25分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A farmer grew some vegetables in his garden. One day his wife was ill and he had no money. He had to sell some cabbages and carrots in the market. The next morning he took two baskets of vegetables to town. But it was raining heavily that afternoon and there were few people in the street. When his vegetables were sold out, it was dark. He bought some medicine and hurried to his village.
On his way home he saw a person lying on the snow. He placed his baskets on the ground and was going to help the person to stand up. At that time, he found it was a dead man and there was much blood on his body. He was so afraid that he ran away quickly, without taking the baskets with him.
The next afternoon the farmer was sent to the police station. Having shown the baskets, an officer asked, “Are these yours?”

“Yes, sir.” the farmer answered timidly(胆怯地).

“Have you killed the man?”

“No, no, sir.” the farmer said in a hurry.

“When did you see the dead man?”

“At about seven last night.”

“Did you see who killed the man?”

“No, sir.”

The officer brought out a knife and asked, “Have you seen it yet?”

“No, sir.”

The officer became angry and told the policemen to beat(打) him up and sent him into prison. the officer wanted to trap(设陷阱) the farmer into the confession(供认), but the farmer didn’t admit he was the murderer(谋杀犯).

73.根据材料协作,注意:

①所续写的短文词数应为150左右;

②应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

③续写部分分为二段,每段的开头语已经为你写好;

4 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

The officer was so angry that he asked the policeman to beat him up again.

The farmer was lucky .A few days later,

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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