• 英语 2018年高三新疆第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        China Travel getsyou closer to Chinese culture, history, scenery and local life. Our aim is to helpyou create a unique tour full of pleasure and oriental beauty. We canfacilitate (使……便利) your participation in somespecial programs, like taking care of cute giant pandas, exploring theForbidden City in a unique way, and learning how to make dumplings. Now, pleasetake a little time to hear our story.

        Senior Travel Advisor

        Leon has workedas a senior travel advisor for 12 + years and helped 7,000 + visitors createtheir trips to China. He delights in helping those who love travel like him. Hehas been to most parts of China. Welcome to contact him at service@ chinatravel.com.

        Vanessa, workingas a senior travel advisor for 8 years and helping 4,200 + tourists createtheir trip to China, excels at working out solutions for customers. If you havetravel ideas, welcome to contact her at 800-933-7181.

        Travel Advisor

        Though Vivi hasworked only for over 2 years, she is willing to help people from all over theworld explore and tour great China for China has abundant and attractive travelresources. Welcome to contact her at 800 -933 -7171.

        Web Designer

        Luo Lingling isthe designer for China Travel. Our website becomes more and more beautiful dueto her good taste. If you have any idea about the design of the website, pleasecontact her.

        Web Editor

        As a travellover, Ely sees knows what information a traveler needs. As a web editor, sheexcels at gathering information,finding out problems andwriting solutions down.

        Website Deviser

        Zhao Peng is thetech person for China Travel Dot Com. If you have any idea about the functionof the website, please contact him by filling out contact forms. He hopes youare happy with the website content.

If you want to contact the most experienced travel adviser, you can      .

Asend an e-mail at service@ chinatravel.com

Bcall at 800 -933 -7181

Cfill out contact forms

Dsurf on the website of China Travel

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                                A

        China Travel getsyou closer to Chinese culture, history, scenery and local life. Our aim is to helpyou create a unique tour full of pleasure and oriental beauty. We canfacilitate (使……便利) your participation in somespecial programs, like taking care of cute giant pandas, exploring theForbidden City in a unique way, and learning how to make dumplings. Now, pleasetake a little time to hear our story.

        Senior Travel Advisor

        Leon has workedas a senior travel advisor for 12 + years and helped 7,000 + visitors createtheir trips to China. He delights in helping those who love travel like him. Hehas been to most parts of China. Welcome to contact him at service@ chinatravel.com.

        Vanessa, workingas a senior travel advisor for 8 years and helping 4,200 + tourists createtheir trip to China, excels at working out solutions for customers. If you havetravel ideas, welcome to contact her at 800-933-7181.

        Travel Advisor

        Though Vivi hasworked only for over 2 years, she is willing to help people from all over theworld explore and tour great China for China has abundant and attractive travelresources. Welcome to contact her at 800 -933 -7171.

        Web Designer

        Luo Lingling isthe designer for China Travel. Our website becomes more and more beautiful dueto her good taste. If you have any idea about the design of the website, pleasecontact her.

        Web Editor

        As a travellover, Ely sees knows what information a traveler needs. As a web editor, sheexcels at gathering information,finding out problems andwriting solutions down.

        Website Deviser

        Zhao Peng is thetech person for China Travel Dot Com. If you have any idea about the functionof the website, please contact him by filling out contact forms. He hopes youare happy with the website content.

Which position is responsible for solving travel problems?

ATravel Advisor.

BWeb Editor.

CWeb Designer.

DWebsite Deviser.

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                                A

        China Travel getsyou closer to Chinese culture, history, scenery and local life. Our aim is to helpyou create a unique tour full of pleasure and oriental beauty. We canfacilitate (使……便利) your participation in somespecial programs, like taking care of cute giant pandas, exploring theForbidden City in a unique way, and learning how to make dumplings. Now, pleasetake a little time to hear our story.

        Senior Travel Advisor

        Leon has workedas a senior travel advisor for 12 + years and helped 7,000 + visitors createtheir trips to China. He delights in helping those who love travel like him. Hehas been to most parts of China. Welcome to contact him at service@ chinatravel.com.

        Vanessa, workingas a senior travel advisor for 8 years and helping 4,200 + tourists createtheir trip to China, excels at working out solutions for customers. If you havetravel ideas, welcome to contact her at 800-933-7181.

        Travel Advisor

        Though Vivi hasworked only for over 2 years, she is willing to help people from all over theworld explore and tour great China for China has abundant and attractive travelresources. Welcome to contact her at 800 -933 -7171.

        Web Designer

        Luo Lingling isthe designer for China Travel. Our website becomes more and more beautiful dueto her good taste. If you have any idea about the design of the website, pleasecontact her.

        Web Editor

        As a travellover, Ely sees knows what information a traveler needs. As a web editor, sheexcels at gathering information,finding out problems andwriting solutions down.

        Website Deviser

        Zhao Peng is thetech person for China Travel Dot Com. If you have any idea about the functionof the website, please contact him by filling out contact forms. He hopes youare happy with the website content.

If you have ideas about how to make the website beautiful, you can contact      .

AVanessa

BLuo Lingling

CElysees

DZhao Peng

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        China Travel getsyou closer to Chinese culture, history, scenery and local life. Our aim is to helpyou create a unique tour full of pleasure and oriental beauty. We canfacilitate (使……便利) your participation in somespecial programs, like taking care of cute giant pandas, exploring theForbidden City in a unique way, and learning how to make dumplings. Now, pleasetake a little time to hear our story.

        Senior Travel Advisor

        Leon has workedas a senior travel advisor for 12 + years and helped 7,000 + visitors createtheir trips to China. He delights in helping those who love travel like him. Hehas been to most parts of China. Welcome to contact him at service@ chinatravel.com.

        Vanessa, workingas a senior travel advisor for 8 years and helping 4,200 + tourists createtheir trip to China, excels at working out solutions for customers. If you havetravel ideas, welcome to contact her at 800-933-7181.

        Travel Advisor

        Though Vivi hasworked only for over 2 years, she is willing to help people from all over theworld explore and tour great China for China has abundant and attractive travelresources. Welcome to contact her at 800 -933 -7171.

        Web Designer

        Luo Lingling isthe designer for China Travel. Our website becomes more and more beautiful dueto her good taste. If you have any idea about the design of the website, pleasecontact her.

        Web Editor

        As a travellover, Ely sees knows what information a traveler needs. As a web editor, sheexcels at gathering information,finding out problems andwriting solutions down.

        Website Deviser

        Zhao Peng is thetech person for China Travel Dot Com. If you have any idea about the functionof the website, please contact him by filling out contact forms. He hopes youare happy with the website content.

What can we learn about China Travel?

AIt has three experienced travel advisers.

BIt will tell you which travel agency has the best service.

CIt provides some types of programs to satisfy the travelers.

DAll the staff of China Travel favor traveling.

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                                B

        By high school,T. J. was the most famous one in his town. I met him for the first time at aweekend leadership election. When I showed up, the community leaders gave methis overview of the attending students: “We have all the students here today,from the student president to T. J. Ware, the boy with the longest arrestrecord in the history of town.”

        At the start ofthe election, he was standing against the back wall. He didn’t really join thediscussion groups, or didn’t seem to have much to say. But slowly, theinteractive games drew him in. The ice melted when the groups started buildinga list of positive and negative things that had occurred at school that year.T. J. had some definite comments on those situations. All of a sudden he wasbeing treated like a leader. He knew something about poverty, hunger andhopelessness, and everyone was listening. By the end of the election, he hadjoined the Homeless Project team. The other students on the team elected himco-chairman of the team.

        But when T. J.showed up at school on Monday morning, he arrived to a firestorm. A group ofteachers were protesting (抗议) to the school principalabout his being elected co-chairman. They reminded the principal, “He’llprobably steal half the food.”

        Surprisingly, twoweeks later, T. J. and his friends led a group to collect food. They created aschool record: 2,854 cans of food in just two hours. It was enough to fillthe empty shelves in two neighborhood centers, and the food took care of needyfamilies in the area for 75 days. The local newspaper covered the event with afull-page article the next day. The event he led now collects 9,000 cans offood in one day, taking care of 70 percent of the need for food for one year.

        Maybe you’veheard the saying, “A bird with a broken wing will never fly as high.” T. J. remindsus that a bird with a broken wing only needs mending. But once it has healed,it can fly higher than the rest.

What was T. J. famous for when the author first met him?

ACollecting food.

BMaking troubles.

CBeing elected co-chairman.

DShowing up at the election.

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                                B

        By high school,T. J. was the most famous one in his town. I met him for the first time at aweekend leadership election. When I showed up, the community leaders gave methis overview of the attending students: “We have all the students here today,from the student president to T. J. Ware, the boy with the longest arrestrecord in the history of town.”

        At the start ofthe election, he was standing against the back wall. He didn’t really join thediscussion groups, or didn’t seem to have much to say. But slowly, theinteractive games drew him in. The ice melted when the groups started buildinga list of positive and negative things that had occurred at school that year.T. J. had some definite comments on those situations. All of a sudden he wasbeing treated like a leader. He knew something about poverty, hunger andhopelessness, and everyone was listening. By the end of the election, he hadjoined the Homeless Project team. The other students on the team elected himco-chairman of the team.

        But when T. J.showed up at school on Monday morning, he arrived to a firestorm. A group ofteachers were protesting (抗议) to the school principalabout his being elected co-chairman. They reminded the principal, “He’llprobably steal half the food.”

        Surprisingly, twoweeks later, T. J. and his friends led a group to collect food. They created aschool record: 2,854 cans of food in just two hours. It was enough to fillthe empty shelves in two neighborhood centers, and the food took care of needyfamilies in the area for 75 days. The local newspaper covered the event with afull-page article the next day. The event he led now collects 9,000 cans offood in one day, taking care of 70 percent of the need for food for one year.

        Maybe you’veheard the saying, “A bird with a broken wing will never fly as high.” T. J. remindsus that a bird with a broken wing only needs mending. But once it has healed,it can fly higher than the rest.

Which of the following is true?

AThe groups welcomed T. J.’s opinions.

BT. J. knew little about the topics in the discussions.

CT. J. was unwilling to collect food for needy families.

DThe groups made a list of positive and negative things about T. J..

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                                B

        By high school,T. J. was the most famous one in his town. I met him for the first time at aweekend leadership election. When I showed up, the community leaders gave methis overview of the attending students: “We have all the students here today,from the student president to T. J. Ware, the boy with the longest arrestrecord in the history of town.”

        At the start ofthe election, he was standing against the back wall. He didn’t really join thediscussion groups, or didn’t seem to have much to say. But slowly, theinteractive games drew him in. The ice melted when the groups started buildinga list of positive and negative things that had occurred at school that year.T. J. had some definite comments on those situations. All of a sudden he wasbeing treated like a leader. He knew something about poverty, hunger andhopelessness, and everyone was listening. By the end of the election, he hadjoined the Homeless Project team. The other students on the team elected himco-chairman of the team.

        But when T. J.showed up at school on Monday morning, he arrived to a firestorm. A group ofteachers were protesting (抗议) to the school principalabout his being elected co-chairman. They reminded the principal, “He’llprobably steal half the food.”

        Surprisingly, twoweeks later, T. J. and his friends led a group to collect food. They created aschool record: 2,854 cans of food in just two hours. It was enough to fillthe empty shelves in two neighborhood centers, and the food took care of needyfamilies in the area for 75 days. The local newspaper covered the event with afull-page article the next day. The event he led now collects 9,000 cans offood in one day, taking care of 70 percent of the need for food for one year.

        Maybe you’veheard the saying, “A bird with a broken wing will never fly as high.” T. J. remindsus that a bird with a broken wing only needs mending. But once it has healed,it can fly higher than the rest.

Why did T. J. arrive to a firestorm?

AHe was caught in terrible weather.

BHe suffered a fire disaster.

CHis stealing was made public.

DHis being elected was strongly opposed.

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                                B

        By high school,T. J. was the most famous one in his town. I met him for the first time at aweekend leadership election. When I showed up, the community leaders gave methis overview of the attending students: “We have all the students here today,from the student president to T. J. Ware, the boy with the longest arrestrecord in the history of town.”

        At the start ofthe election, he was standing against the back wall. He didn’t really join thediscussion groups, or didn’t seem to have much to say. But slowly, theinteractive games drew him in. The ice melted when the groups started buildinga list of positive and negative things that had occurred at school that year.T. J. had some definite comments on those situations. All of a sudden he wasbeing treated like a leader. He knew something about poverty, hunger andhopelessness, and everyone was listening. By the end of the election, he hadjoined the Homeless Project team. The other students on the team elected himco-chairman of the team.

        But when T. J.showed up at school on Monday morning, he arrived to a firestorm. A group ofteachers were protesting (抗议) to the school principalabout his being elected co-chairman. They reminded the principal, “He’llprobably steal half the food.”

        Surprisingly, twoweeks later, T. J. and his friends led a group to collect food. They created aschool record: 2,854 cans of food in just two hours. It was enough to fillthe empty shelves in two neighborhood centers, and the food took care of needyfamilies in the area for 75 days. The local newspaper covered the event with afull-page article the next day. The event he led now collects 9,000 cans offood in one day, taking care of 70 percent of the need for food for one year.

        Maybe you’veheard the saying, “A bird with a broken wing will never fly as high.” T. J. remindsus that a bird with a broken wing only needs mending. But once it has healed,it can fly higher than the rest.

What does the story intend to tell us?

AGod helps those who help themselves.

BBad times makes a good man.

CEveryone deserves a chance to clean up their mistakes.

DBad luck often brings good luck.

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                                C

        Li Ping, acollege student has been experiencing social awkwardness since her juniormiddle school years. Back then, she felt unease about going to the restroomalone. She even limited the amount of water she drank so she didn’t have to gothere often. “I feared that other students would think that I didn’t get alongwell with others if I was seen alone,” she said. Li is not the only sufferer ofwhat* s called “social anxiety”.

        China Youth Dailyrecently did a survey among 1,544 people. Nearly half (44. 6 percent) of theparticipants admitted that they were afraid of being the center of attention.Up to 66.7 percent of them said they are more likely to be anxious duringface-to-face communications than in online conversations. But these feelingsare not necessarily anything to worry about. “There is ‘social anxiety’, andthere is ‘social anxiety disorder’ or ‘social phobia’. They are two completelydifferent things.” said Li Songwei, a psychological professor at TsinghuaUniversity.

        According toThomas Rodebaugh, a psychology professor at Washington University in St Louis,US, almost everyone suffers from at least a little social anxiety. “Forexample, we may get it before speaking in public, or have a bad night’s sleepif there is going to be an important interview the next day. But when doessocial anxiety develop into a disorder? There are two simple questions you canask yourself if you’re concerned—‘How much does the anxietyaffect my life?’ and ‘Is it acceptable?’ If the condition becomes soproblematic and you refuse to go out at all and cannot live a normal life, youjust need to seek treatment.” he notes.

        But for commonsocial anxiety, people all have their different coping strategies. “The way I employis reason plus reward,” said Wang Li, another once-sufferer. For example, shetells herself that there is no such thing as right or wrong when pushingyourself to speak publicly: there are only people who agree with you or not.And if she conquers her fear, she buys new shoes or goes to see a movie afterclass.

The first paragraph is mainly used to      .

Amake a comparison

Bteach a new word “social anxiety”

Cdraw a conclusion

Dintroduce a phenomenon

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                                C

        Li Ping, acollege student has been experiencing social awkwardness since her juniormiddle school years. Back then, she felt unease about going to the restroomalone. She even limited the amount of water she drank so she didn’t have to gothere often. “I feared that other students would think that I didn’t get alongwell with others if I was seen alone,” she said. Li is not the only sufferer ofwhat* s called “social anxiety”.

        China Youth Dailyrecently did a survey among 1,544 people. Nearly half (44. 6 percent) of theparticipants admitted that they were afraid of being the center of attention.Up to 66.7 percent of them said they are more likely to be anxious duringface-to-face communications than in online conversations. But these feelingsare not necessarily anything to worry about. “There is ‘social anxiety’, andthere is ‘social anxiety disorder’ or ‘social phobia’. They are two completelydifferent things.” said Li Songwei, a psychological professor at TsinghuaUniversity.

        According toThomas Rodebaugh, a psychology professor at Washington University in St Louis,US, almost everyone suffers from at least a little social anxiety. “Forexample, we may get it before speaking in public, or have a bad night’s sleepif there is going to be an important interview the next day. But when doessocial anxiety develop into a disorder? There are two simple questions you canask yourself if you’re concerned—‘How much does the anxietyaffect my life?’ and ‘Is it acceptable?’ If the condition becomes soproblematic and you refuse to go out at all and cannot live a normal life, youjust need to seek treatment.” he notes.

        But for commonsocial anxiety, people all have their different coping strategies. “The way I employis reason plus reward,” said Wang Li, another once-sufferer. For example, shetells herself that there is no such thing as right or wrong when pushingyourself to speak publicly: there are only people who agree with you or not.And if she conquers her fear, she buys new shoes or goes to see a movie afterclass.

What may Thomas Rodebaugh agree with?

ASocial anxiety is a deadly problem.

BSocial anxiety is a rare problem.

CLittle attention is paid to social anxiety.

DNot all social anxiety needs treatment.

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                                C

        Li Ping, acollege student has been experiencing social awkwardness since her juniormiddle school years. Back then, she felt unease about going to the restroomalone. She even limited the amount of water she drank so she didn’t have to gothere often. “I feared that other students would think that I didn’t get alongwell with others if I was seen alone,” she said. Li is not the only sufferer ofwhat* s called “social anxiety”.

        China Youth Dailyrecently did a survey among 1,544 people. Nearly half (44. 6 percent) of theparticipants admitted that they were afraid of being the center of attention.Up to 66.7 percent of them said they are more likely to be anxious duringface-to-face communications than in online conversations. But these feelingsare not necessarily anything to worry about. “There is ‘social anxiety’, andthere is ‘social anxiety disorder’ or ‘social phobia’. They are two completelydifferent things.” said Li Songwei, a psychological professor at TsinghuaUniversity.

        According toThomas Rodebaugh, a psychology professor at Washington University in St Louis,US, almost everyone suffers from at least a little social anxiety. “Forexample, we may get it before speaking in public, or have a bad night’s sleepif there is going to be an important interview the next day. But when doessocial anxiety develop into a disorder? There are two simple questions you canask yourself if you’re concerned—‘How much does the anxietyaffect my life?’ and ‘Is it acceptable?’ If the condition becomes soproblematic and you refuse to go out at all and cannot live a normal life, youjust need to seek treatment.” he notes.

        But for commonsocial anxiety, people all have their different coping strategies. “The way I employis reason plus reward,” said Wang Li, another once-sufferer. For example, shetells herself that there is no such thing as right or wrong when pushingyourself to speak publicly: there are only people who agree with you or not.And if she conquers her fear, she buys new shoes or goes to see a movie afterclass.

The underlined word “employ” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to the one in “      ”.

AI want to employ Weibo as a means to practice my writing

BMore than 40 university graduates were employed

CThe children employed themselves in painting

DHe employed me as a secretary

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                                C

        Li Ping, acollege student has been experiencing social awkwardness since her juniormiddle school years. Back then, she felt unease about going to the restroomalone. She even limited the amount of water she drank so she didn’t have to gothere often. “I feared that other students would think that I didn’t get alongwell with others if I was seen alone,” she said. Li is not the only sufferer ofwhat* s called “social anxiety”.

        China Youth Dailyrecently did a survey among 1,544 people. Nearly half (44. 6 percent) of theparticipants admitted that they were afraid of being the center of attention.Up to 66.7 percent of them said they are more likely to be anxious duringface-to-face communications than in online conversations. But these feelingsare not necessarily anything to worry about. “There is ‘social anxiety’, andthere is ‘social anxiety disorder’ or ‘social phobia’. They are two completelydifferent things.” said Li Songwei, a psychological professor at TsinghuaUniversity.

        According toThomas Rodebaugh, a psychology professor at Washington University in St Louis,US, almost everyone suffers from at least a little social anxiety. “Forexample, we may get it before speaking in public, or have a bad night’s sleepif there is going to be an important interview the next day. But when doessocial anxiety develop into a disorder? There are two simple questions you canask yourself if you’re concerned—‘How much does the anxietyaffect my life?’ and ‘Is it acceptable?’ If the condition becomes soproblematic and you refuse to go out at all and cannot live a normal life, youjust need to seek treatment.” he notes.

        But for commonsocial anxiety, people all have their different coping strategies. “The way I employis reason plus reward,” said Wang Li, another once-sufferer. For example, shetells herself that there is no such thing as right or wrong when pushingyourself to speak publicly: there are only people who agree with you or not.And if she conquers her fear, she buys new shoes or goes to see a movie afterclass.

What can we infer from the text?

ASome participants feel easier in online communications.

BSocial anxiety is regarded as social phobia.

CLi Ping didn’t often go to the restroom because she didn’t like drinking water.

DWang Li dealt with social anxiety only by rewarding herself.

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                                D

        The catastrophicminor planet crash that wiped out the dinosaurs 66 million years ago may nothave been so destructive had it hit almost anywhere else on earth according toa new research by Japanese scientists Kunio Kaiho and Naga Oshima, whopublished their findings Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports. It meansdinosaurs could still rule the earth and humans may never have evolved at all.

        The roughly sixmile (10km) wide planet created a crater (坑) more than 110 miles(176km) across when it smashed into our planet. The collision released morethan 1 billion times as much energy as the atomic bomb explosion whichdestroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of World War Ⅱ.

        More than 75percent of all land and sea animals, the most famous of which being dinosaurs,were wiped out as a result. Huge volumes of ash, soot and dust shot into theatmosphere, blocking as much as 80 percent of precious sunlight from reachingthe surface of the planet.

        The pair believethe key ingredient in the extinction was the soot, which was produced when thecrash lighted rocks loaded with hydrocarbon molecules (碳氢化合物分子) such as oil. However,the amount of hydrocarbon in rocks varies widely depending on their location.With this in mind, the team set about analysing places on Earth where the rockshave a high hydrocarbon molecule content.

        They found thatonly about 13 percent of the planet have such an environment, essentiallymeaning that the dinosaurs were unlucky when the minor planet hit in such ahydrocarbon rich area.

        “The catastrophicchain of events could only have occurred if the minor planet had hit thehydrocarbon-rich areas occupying approximately 13 percent of the Earth’ssurface,” the scientists wrote in a university press release.

        It’s a good thingfor humanity, however, or else we may never have evolved in the first place.

According to the text, if the minor planet hit somewhere else on earth      .

Ait would wipe out dinosaurs

Bit would wipe out the citizens living on both Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Chuman could rule the earth

Ddinosaurs could continue to rule the earth

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        The catastrophicminor planet crash that wiped out the dinosaurs 66 million years ago may nothave been so destructive had it hit almost anywhere else on earth according toa new research by Japanese scientists Kunio Kaiho and Naga Oshima, whopublished their findings Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports. It meansdinosaurs could still rule the earth and humans may never have evolved at all.

        The roughly sixmile (10km) wide planet created a crater (坑) more than 110 miles(176km) across when it smashed into our planet. The collision released morethan 1 billion times as much energy as the atomic bomb explosion whichdestroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of World War Ⅱ.

        More than 75percent of all land and sea animals, the most famous of which being dinosaurs,were wiped out as a result. Huge volumes of ash, soot and dust shot into theatmosphere, blocking as much as 80 percent of precious sunlight from reachingthe surface of the planet.

        The pair believethe key ingredient in the extinction was the soot, which was produced when thecrash lighted rocks loaded with hydrocarbon molecules (碳氢化合物分子) such as oil. However,the amount of hydrocarbon in rocks varies widely depending on their location.With this in mind, the team set about analysing places on Earth where the rockshave a high hydrocarbon molecule content.

        They found thatonly about 13 percent of the planet have such an environment, essentiallymeaning that the dinosaurs were unlucky when the minor planet hit in such ahydrocarbon rich area.

        “The catastrophicchain of events could only have occurred if the minor planet had hit thehydrocarbon-rich areas occupying approximately 13 percent of the Earth’ssurface,” the scientists wrote in a university press release.

        It’s a good thingfor humanity, however, or else we may never have evolved in the first place.

The atomic bomb explosion at World War II was mentioned to describe      .

Athe size of the minor planet

Bthe weight of the minor planet

Cthe power of the minor planet

Dthe history of the minor planet

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        The catastrophicminor planet crash that wiped out the dinosaurs 66 million years ago may nothave been so destructive had it hit almost anywhere else on earth according toa new research by Japanese scientists Kunio Kaiho and Naga Oshima, whopublished their findings Thursday in the journal Scientific Reports. It meansdinosaurs could still rule the earth and humans may never have evolved at all.

        The roughly sixmile (10km) wide planet created a crater (坑) more than 110 miles(176km) across when it smashed into our planet. The collision released morethan 1 billion times as much energy as the atomic bomb explosion whichdestroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of World War Ⅱ.

        More than 75percent of all land and sea animals, the most famous of which being dinosaurs,were wiped out as a result. Huge volumes of ash, soot and dust shot into theatmosphere, blocking as much as 80 percent of precious sunlight from reachingthe surface of the planet.

        The pair believethe key ingredient in the extinction was the soot, which was produced when thecrash lighted rocks loaded with hydrocarbon molecules (碳氢化合物分子) such as oil. However,the amount of hydrocarbon in rocks varies widely depending on their location.With this in mind, the team set about analysing places on Earth where the rockshave a high hydrocarbon molecule content.

        They found thatonly about 13 percent of the planet have such an environment, essentiallymeaning that the dinosaurs were unlucky when the minor planet hit in such ahydrocarbon rich area.

        “The catastrophicchain of events could only have occurred if the minor planet had hit thehydrocarbon-rich areas occupying approximately 13 percent of the Earth’ssurface,” the scientists wrote in a university press release.

        It’s a good thingfor humanity, however, or else we may never have evolved in the first place.

Which of the following directly caused the extinction of dinosaurs?

AThe hydrocarbon molecules contained in the oil.

BThe rocks with a low hydrocarbon molecule content.

CThe soot produced during the crash.

DThe area where the minor planet crashed.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

                                36  ?

    A recent analysis has shown that kids today can’t run as fast or long as their parents could. They are taking an advantage of an extra 90 seconds to run one mile. That may not seem like a lot, but it is a concern. So is childhood obesity,  37  .

    But before we point the finger at poor physical education in schools, maybe we should be looking at ourselves.  38  ? If mom’s browsing Pinterest and dad’s on Facebook, who’s making sure the children are getting the exercise they need?

    Of course, nobody wants their kid running about the neighborhood on their own, but that’s not an excuse to let them stay indoors gaming. Because given the choice, most kids would stay glued to their console (放计算机的柜子).

    Health habits learned at a young age are more likely to stick. Not only that, but children need role-models.  39  . If time on line is more important to you than time outdoors, it will be for your kids, too.

    Nobody’s saying it’s easy, because it isn’t. Not many people want to go for a run after work, especially this time of each year.  40  . But swimming, dance classes and the like are more fun for kids anyway. And you can track from your smartphone while you wait in the car, we suppose.

    A. which has tobe a contributing factor

    B. They will relyon their parents for this

    C. which has beena great concern to schools

    D. It’s cold andit’s dark and you’re probably tired

    E. Are YOU makingexercise a necessity in your home

    F. Are YOU makingsmartphones a necessity in your home

    G. Isn’t it possible thatkids are sedentary (久坐不动的) because we are sedentary   

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    Beverly and I have been the best friends for years. And our friendship, like a well-worn sweater, has  41   in there, through thick and thin. After her divorce, she moved several  42   away. We keep in touch through phone calls.

    Last Saturday night, Beverly called, telling me she found a lump (肿块) in her breast and was  43   for surgery on Tuesday. She was terrified, and  44   was I. After we hung up, I booked a flight.  45  , I couldn’t let Beverly face her  46   future alone.

    On Monday morning I went to the airport. I stepped up the  47   and handed my identification to a girl. Her fingers  48   the computer keys for a moment. When she looked up and handed my identification back, she said, “I’m sorry to  49   you this flight is overbooked.” “But,” I stammered (结结巴巴地说), “I have to get on this flight. This is not just a  50   trip. My best Mend is having surgery-she needs me.”

    “I’m sorry.”

    A tear  51   my cheek.

    “Perhaps I can help you,” said an older woman with smiling blue eyes. “Well, I have a ticket. I’d be  52   if you would take my place.” She  53   the ticket and boarding pass at me.

    “My journey is not  54  ,” she added. “Go to your friend.”

    She handed me the ticket and we made the necessary  55   at the counter. I turned to this generous lady and  56   my hand. She took it and said, “Someday you will see a woman in  57   and you will do the same.” With a smile, she let go of my  58  .

    To this day, I often think of that woman who  59   convenience for friendship. I will never forget her  60   of kindness.

41. 

    A. placed                       

    B.put                                 

    C.hung                               

    D. laid

42. 

    A. states                         

    B.streets                             

    C.miles                              

    D.blocks

43. 

    A. intended                    

    B.asked                              

    C.allowed                           

    D.scheduled

44. 

    A. such                          

    B.it                                    

    C.so                                   

    D.nor

45. 

    A. In all                         

    B.After all                          

    C. Aboveall                        

    D. First of all

46. 

    A. uncertain                   

    B.hopeless                          

    C.disappointing                   

    D.promising

47. 

    A. flight                         

    B.counter                           

    C. pilot                               

    D. computer

48. 

    A. hit                             

    B.knocked                          

    C. tapped                             

    D. struck

49. 

    A. inform                       

    B.remind                                   

    C.warn                               

    D.instruct

50. 

    A. day                           

    B.plane                              

    C.surgery                           

    D.vacation

51. 

    A. turned down               

    B.rolled down                            

    C.fell down                        

    D. poureddown

52. 

    A. honored                            

    B.satisfied                          

    C.annoyed                          

    D. upset

53. 

    A. pointed                      

    B.waved                             

    C. threw                              

    D. flashed

54. 

    A. necessary                   

    B.convenient                       

    C.meaningful                      

    D. urgent

55. 

    A. comments                  

    B.bargains                          

    C.changes                           

    D. plans

56. 

    A. raised                        

    B.extended                         

    C. held                                

    D. reached

57. 

    A. danger                       

    B.hurry                              

    C.operation                         

    D.sorrow

58. 

    A. hand                          

    B.ticket                              

    C.pressure                          

    D.trouble

59. 

    A. brought                     

    B.sacrificed                        

    C. took                                

    D. received

60. 

    A. word                         

    B. smile                              

    C. act                                  

    D. gift

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Fish and chips are bought ready-cooked. They are wrapped in paper and can be taken home or  61   (eat) in the street. You can see the food being fried in the shop. The fish is dipped in batter, made of flour and milk, and fried until the batter is crisp. It is then kept hot on covered shelves above the  62   (boil) oil. Fish and chips are eaten  63   salt and vinegar. Among all the fishes, cod is  64   (popular). But there are other types sold, along with sausages, beefburgers, chicken and boiled peas. There are shops in most parts of the country.  65   open at lunchtime, usually from 12 to 2 o’clock, and in the evening from about 5 to 10 o’clock. Some shops have seats and tables  66   you can eat. Fish and chips have been a popular meal since  67   1860s, when the railways brought regular  68   (supply) of fresh fish to the cities, and ice began  69   (use) to keep the fish fresh. Fish and chips were probably first sold in Hot Pie shops, which sold cheap meat pies. Fish and chips are still  70   ( relative) cheap; the average cost now is £ 2.50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Jack,

        I’m very happy to know that you were coining to visit my city by your own. I’m looking forward to your early arrive! There are a few more well-known places of interesting in my city, so I’d like to show you around when you arrive. If time permit, we can watch some alive Chinese operas and taste some typical Chinese snacks. I suggest you wear some warm clothes, while it’s becoming colder. Remember to tell me the exact time of the flight, I’ll meet you at the airport.

        Hope you a pleasant journey.

                                                Yours,

                                                Mike

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是新城中学学生李华,在网上得知英曜中学生John打算寒假来中国参加中国传统艺术节,他向网友招募翻译。你有兴趣为他翻译。请给John写一封自荐信,内容要点如下:

    1自我介绍;

    2你的优势;

    3希望能成为John的翻译。

注意:1词数100左右;

        2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:中周传统艺术节 Chinese Traditional Art Festival;招募recruit

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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