• 英语 东城区2016年高三第二次模拟考试
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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21. The ceiling’s low, _____ you need to be careful not to hit your head.

Aso

Bbut

Cfor

Dor

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22. Nigel sent the girl a nice little note _____ her for a drink.

Ainvited

Binviting

Cto be inviting

Dinvite

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23. George decided it was such a rare car that he _____ it only for a few exhibitions.

Aused

Bwas using

Chad used

Dwould use

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24. She read a poem by Carver _____ describes his life in the countryside.

Awho

Bwhich

Cwhat

Dwhose

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25. A team of scientists _____ the effects of acid rain over the last twenty-year period.

Astudied

Bhad studied

Cis studying

Dhas been studying

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26. That knife’s extremely sharp! _____ you don't cut yourself.

AMind

BMinding

CTo mind

DMinded

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27. Finally I found my handbag, which _____ under a pile of old newspapers.

Ahas buried

Bhad buried

Chas been buried

Dhad been buried

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28. My mum’s letters really encouraged me _____ my illness.

Aover

Bfor

Cthroughout

Dwithin

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29. The Centre became a place _____ many came to talk about their hopes and fears.

Awhich

Bthat

Cwhere

Dwhen

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30. I always check the prices of different brands _____ I make a major purchase.

Abefore

Bbecause

Calthough

Dwhere

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31. Fresh milk _____ in the fridge, or it will go bad.

Amay keep

Bmay be kept

Cmust keep

Dmust be kept

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32. Since there is only one laboratory in the school, it is important to check _____ the students can use it.

Awhich

Bwhat

Cwhen

Dwhere

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33. _____ myself enough time to catch the train, I set my alarm for five in the morning.

AGive

BBeing given

CTo give

DGiven

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34. If Julia had practised hard enough last night, she _____ more confident on the stage now.

Ais

Bwould be

Chad been

Dwould have been

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35. _____ with two over-packed suitcases, I arrived at the airport just in time for my flight.

AArming

BArmed

CTo arm

DArm

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项

A

Our room was on the second floor but you could still hear the roar of the ocean and see the stars at night. I used to take long walks along the water. The food in town was wonderful and the people were very friendly. The area was very quiet and peaceful, and fairly deserted.

The last evening of our vacation, however, we all heard strange footsteps following closely behind us as we were walking up to our room in the holiday centre. We turned around and noticed a fairly young man moving very rapidly across the beach and getting closer to us. He was tall and wore a baseball cap. We couldn’t see his face and he was approaching us very rapidly. The man’s actions made my dad very nervous. Dad warned us that we’d better try to make it to our hotel room as quickly as possible. I didn’t like my dad’s voice; I could hear fear in it. It was late and we were all alone. We didn’t have any cell phones on us. I never saw Dad as worried as he was then and I knew that something was terribly wrong. The sense of fear started to overwhelm Mom and me. We had had such a good time in town. Now, the night was rapidly turning into a dangerous situation.

We could hear the man’s footsteps getting closer. Dad’s face was almost pale. The so-called intruder (侵入者) had moved nearer and nearer when all of a sudden, the nearby vending(自动贩卖) machine started going crazy and spitting out cans of soda! The noise actually scared the intruder and he ran out of sight. My parents were shaking, but we all turned around to see who had put money into the vending machine downstairs, and actually saved us, but no one was around at all. Not a soul.

It’s one vacation I will never forget.

56. Where did the author spend her vacation?

ANear a lake.

BAt the seaside.

CIn a village.

DIn a mountain.

57. What happened on the last evening of their vacation?

AThey were followed by a stranger.

BTheir cell phones were missing.

CTheir money was stolen.

DThey lost their way.

58. The underlined word “overwhelm” in Paragraph 2 means _________.

Acontrol

Bmove

Cexcite

Dimpress

59. What helped them get out of the trouble?

ATheir quick action.

BOther people’s kind help.

CThe young man’s warning.

DThe noise from the vending machine.

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阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

For over 30 years, Rainbow Montessori in Addison has given children a place to grow and explore the world around them, and they’re still going strong today. With 20 years in the same location, the school is “not going anywhere,” says Dave Rodenborn, a son of the school’s founders. As general director, Dave has overseen many improvements, including a new playground for the preschool and a complete modernization.

The school serves families of children from 6 weeks to 6th grade. This allows them to have programs in baby care, preschool, kindergarten, and elementary(小学). The curriculum has developed over the decades, most notably in the Elementary. At first somewhat jokingly referred to as “Monte-sorta,” due to its relaxed application of the Montessori Method, the school’s elementary now stresses a more traditional Montess environment. Montessori associates abstract concepts with concrete sensorial(感觉的) experiences, ensuring that children are involved in learning, not just memorization. Classrooms still have a creative, casual feel, with children having freedom of choice, but in keeping with Montessori principles, they work within a framework. This helps them learn about freedom within limits, maximizing their potential.

The truly international Rainbow Montessori staff comes from a wide range of backgrounds, all Montessori-trained. “They are an energetic, devoted group,” says Dave. “They are loyal, caring and like what they do a lot. I’d say a good 30 to 40 percent of them have been here for almost a decade or more.”

Dave says that his favorite part of being at Rainbow Montessori is “making things grow”. By that, he doesn’t mean it in the sense of the organic, but by “coming up with good solutions to problems as they occur.” This is reflective of Montessori beliefs, in which each child learns to use the right tools and discover solutions for themselves. Dave credits a strong staff and great parents with lots of patience for helping to make Rainbow Montessori an ideal place for children to learn and grow.

Rainbow Montessori

790  East Duane Ave., Addison

(408)738-3261

www.rainbow-montessori.com



60. What do we know about Rainbow Montessori school?

AIt was founded by Dave Rodenborn.

BIt has stood at the same place for 20 years.

CIts students range from kindergarten to primary.

DHalf of its staff have worked there for ten years.

61. According to Paragraph 2, what is the characteristic of Rainbow Montessori?

AStudents are expected to memorize concepts.

BClassroom regulations are highly stressed.

CStudents are free to choose subjects.

DActive learning is encouraged.

62. By saying “making things grow” in the last paragraph, Dave means the school _____.

Atries its best to prevent problems from occurring

Bprovides suitable learning tools for each single child

Ccreates a natural environment for the growth of students

Dencourages students to find proper ways to solve problems

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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C

Researchers continue to show the power behind our sense of smell. Recent studies have found, among other things, that the smell of foods like pizza can cause uncontrollable anger in drivers on roads.

The review explains that smell is unique in its effects on the brain. According to Conrad King, the researcher who carried out the review, "more than any other senses, the sense of smell goes through the logical part of the brain and acts on the systems concerned with feelings. This is why the smell of baking bread can destroy the best intentions of a dieter."

Smell, which dictates the unbelievable complexity of food tastes, has always been the least understood of our senses. Our noses are able to detect up to 10,000 distinct smells. Our ability to smell and taste this extremely large range of smells is controlled by something like 1,000 genes (基因), which make up an amazing 3% of the human genome. Researchers Richard Axel and Linda Buck were together awarded a Nobel Prize in 2004 for their ground-breaking research on the nature of this extraordinary sense. These two scientists were the first to describe the family of 1,000 olfactory (嗅觉) genes and to explain how our olfactory system works.

According to one study in the research review, smelling fresh pizza or even the packaging of fast foods can be enough to make drivers feel impatient with other road users. They are then more likely to speed and experience uncontrollable anger on roads. The most reasonable explanation is that these can all make drivers feel hungry, and therefore desperate to satisfy their appetites.

In contrast, the smells of peppermint and cinnamon were shown to improve concentration levels as well as reduce drivers’ impatience. Similarly, the smells of lemon and coffee appeared to promote clear thinking and mental focus.

However, the way genes regulate smell differs from person to person. A study by researchers in Israel has identified at least 50 olfactory genes which are switched on in some people and not in others. They believe this may explain why some of us love some smells and tastes while others hate them. The Israel researchers say their study shows that nearly every human being shows a different pattern of active and inactive smell-detecting receptors.

63. What did Richard Axel and Linda Buck find out?

AThe category of food smells.

BThe logical part of human brain.

CThe nature of human olfactory system.

DThe relationship between food and feelings.

64. Which of the following can help people concentrate?

ABread.

BFruits.

CCoffee.

DFast food.

65. What do we know from the last paragraph?

ASome people can recognize up to 50 smells.

BEvery person has a different pattern of genes.

CDifferent people are sensitive to different smells.

DThere are still some olfactory genes to be found out.

66. What is the passage mainly about?

ALogic and behaviour.

BSmell and its influence.

CSense ability and food tastes.

DOlfactory genes and its system.

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Camaraderie over Competence

The importance of liking people is the subject of an article in the Harvard Business Review, which has carried out an experiment to find out who we’d rather work with. Hardly surprisingly, the people we want most as our workmates are both: brilliant at their jobs and delightful human beings. And the people we want least are both unpleasant and useless. More interestingly, the authors found that, given the choice between working with lovable fools and competent jerks (性情古怪的人), we irresistibly choose the former. Anyway, who likes those stupid men who annoy or hurt other people? We might insist that competence matters more, but our behavior shows we stay close to the people we like and sharing information with them.

What companies should therefore do is get people to like each other more. The trick here is apparently to make sure staffs come across each other as often as possible during the day. They also should be sent on bonding courses and so on to encourage friendliness and break down displeasure. However, more outdoor-activity weekends and shared coffee machines inspire no confidence at all.

The reality is that people either like each other or they don’t. You can’t force it. Possibly you can make offices friendlier by tolerating a lot of chat, but there is a productivity cost to that. In my experience, the question of lovable fool against competent jerk may not be the right one. The two are interrelated: we tend not to like our workmates when they are completely hopeless. I was once quite friendly with a woman whom I later worked with. I found her to be so outstandingly bad at her job that I lost respect for her and ended up not really liking her at all. Then is there anything that companies should be doing about it?

By far the most effective strategy would be to hire people who are all pretty much the same, given that similarity is one of the main determinants of whether we like each other. I think this is a pretty good idea, but no one dares recommend this anymore without offending the diversity lobby group. There is only one acceptable view on this subject: teams of similar people are bad because they stop creativity. This may be true, though I have never seen any conclusive proof of it.

Not only do we like similar people, we like people who like us. So if companies want to promote more liking, they should encourage a culture where we are all nice to each other. The trouble is that this needs to be done with some skill.

67. According to the research, which kind of colleagues would most people tend to choose?

ANice but unintelligent.

BCreative but unattractive.

CCompetent but unfriendly.

DHumorous but unambitious.

68. The author talks about her experience to show that _______.

Apeople respect outstanding leaders

Bpeople tend to like optimistic workmates

Ca workmate’s working ability is important

Dtalkative workmates makes offices friendlier

69. Some people think that similar people working together may _______

Aoffend each other

Bcreate fewer new ideas

Ctalk more and work less

Dbe likely to stick together

70. To encourage workmates to like each other, companies could _________.

Aarrange the training course for workers to study together

Borganize team-building activities outside the office

Cencourage a diversity of opinions in workplace

Demploy staff who have a lot in common

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补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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Homework

Do arithmeticproblems 15 through 25. State the different forms of the verbs on page 50 ofyour French workbook. Read pages 12 through 20 of the Shakespeare play, anddon't forget to fill in the missing chemical symbols on the worksheet.

Sound like a listof your homework for the next few nights — or maybe even just for tonight?   71   It's your teachers' way of evaluating how muchyou understand what's going on in class. And it helps strengthen importantconcepts.

   72   It's inviting to start with the easy things toget them out of the way. However, you'll have the most energy and focus whenyou begin, so it's best to use this mental power on the subjects that are mostchallenging. Later, when you're more tired, you can focus on the simplerthings. If you get stuck on a problem, try to figure it out as well as you can— but don't spend too much time on it because this can mess up your homework schedulefor the rest of the night.   73   But don’t pick someone whom you'll be up allnight chatting with, or you'll never get it done!

Most people’sattention spans aren't very long, so take some breaks while doing yourhomework. Sitting for too long without relaxing will make you less productivethan if you stop every so often. Taking a 15-minute break every hour is a goodidea for most people.   74   

Once yourhomework is done, you can check over it if you have extra time. Be sure to putit safely away in your backpack — there's nothing worse than having a completedassignment that you can't find the next morning or that gets ruined by acareless brother or sister.   75   Now you're free to hang out.

AHomeworkis a major part of going to school.  

B Luckily, you can do a few things to do less homework.

CWhen you start your homework, deal with thehardest tasks first. 

DBut if you're really concentrating, waituntil it's a good time to stop. 

E If you need to, ask an adult for help orcall or email a classmate for advice.  

FAndno teacher still believes that "chewed by the dog" line — even whenit's true!  

GIn conclusion, no one is expected to staylong, and people have very different learning styles.

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书面表达 本大题共15分。
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假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,将于七月赴美国参加游学夏令营。请给你的寄宿家庭写一封邮件询问相关信息。

1.每天去学校的交通方式;

2. 住宿的房间是否有网络;

3. 其它想要咨询的信息。

      注意:1.词数不少于50;

                2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

DearMr. Black,

                                                                       

                                                                      

                                                                      

Yours,

Li Hua

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书面表达 本大题共20分。
1

假如你是红星中学高三1班李华。寒假期间你和同学们参加了志愿者服务活动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件,介绍你们去阳光福利院陪伴儿童的经历。

注意:词数不少于60。

This winter holiday my classmates and I went to the Sunshine Welfare House for voluntary work.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项

My Hero

       What doesit mean to be a hero? I think a hero is someone who goes out of his way to makeothers happy. My hero is Mr. Wright, my chorus(合唱队)teacher.

       When I was12 years old, my grandparents passed away. I was really close to them, andlosing them was the hardest thing I’ve ever had to   36   through. I couldn’t eat, sleep, or think; Ifelt like I couldn’t even breathe. It was as if my whole world had fallen down from under me, and I   37   into this hugehole of depression(抑郁).

         38   I was battlingdepression, I was determined to make my high school years the best of my life.It was difficult to be   39  , but Ihad to try. I joined Women’s Choir. Mr. Wright was the choral director and hewas so funny that the first day, I just knew I had made the best   40   of my life.

       As theyear progressed, I loved chorus more and more. I began to smile againand really enjoy   41  .

       Then oneday that all changed. My friends—or those that I thought were my friends—startedtalking about me behind my back. I was   42   , and I sat bymyself. Mr. Wright came over and asked what was wrong. The look in his eyes told me that I could   43   him. Tryinghard to   44   back tears, I told him the whole story.

       When Ifinished, he nodded and told me, “If you never learn anything from me, learnthis: No one is worth   45   your joy.” What Mr. Wright said really   46   a chord (心弦)in my heart. He   47   cared about me and what was going on. I’ll never beable to thank him enough, because he not only saved me but has   48   every day of itsince. Any time I feel like giving   49  , I remember Mr. Wright’s words and push forward.

       I’m proudto say that I   50   my depression, and I’m now a senior. I’m still a   51   of chorus, andnow I’m also in the best choir at my school.

       Mr. Wrightis a hero   52   everyone he meets. He cares about every single person who walks through his door, and he loves what he does more than anyother teacher I’ve known. That’s   53   he deserves tobe Educator of the Year. He deserves the   54   not just thisyear but every year.

       I’m glad Ihad the opportunity to meet you, Mr. Wright. You are an   55   teacher, and Ihope you realize that. You’re my hero. 

36.

Aput

Bwalk

Crun

Dgo

37.

Alooked

Bbroke

Cfell

Dturned

38.

AIf

BAlthough

CBecause

DOnce

39.

Ahappy

Bcalm

Csmart

Dconfident

40.

Asuggestion

Bdecision

Ceffort

Doffer

41.

Acare

Bnature

Chealth

Dlife

42.

Arefused

Bforgotten

Churt

Dtrapped

43.

Atrust

Bimpress

Crespect

Dsatisfy

44.

Aset

Bfight

Ctake

Dcall

45.

Astealing

Bsharing

Chiding

Dfeeling

46.

Abraked

Bstruck

Cplayed

Dshook

47.

Acheerfully

Bnormally

Cexactly

Dtruly

48.

Amade

Bstarted

Cunderstood

Dinfluenced

49.

Aoff

Bout

Cup

Daway

50.

Abeat

Bsuffered

Cdeveloped

Dsaved

51.

Aleader

Bpart

Cfan

Ddancer[

52.

Aabout

Bwith

Cto

Dat

53.

Awhen

Bwhat

Cwhere

Dwhy

54.

Atitle

Bjob

Chelp

Dname

55.

Aamusing

Bambitious

Camazing

Dadvanced

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