• 英语 2018年高三山东省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节  阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,和D)中,选出最佳选项。                    

                                A

    When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs. Stanley was one of my customers. She'd watch me coming down her street, and by the time I'd biked up to her doorstep, there'd be a cold drink waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked.

    Mrs. Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, "Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning." she'd say. The first time she said that, soda went up my nose.

    I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she'd work it out of her system. So that's what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.

    I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn't see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser. She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she'd had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.

    I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't say "fine", she sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so. Sometimes it's good to just smile, nod your head and listen.

Why did soda go up the author's nose one time?

AHe was talking fast.

BHe was shocked.

CHe was in a hurry.

DHe was absent-minded.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

    When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs. Stanley was one of my customers. She'd watch me coming down her street, and by the time I'd biked up to her doorstep, there'd be a cold drink waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked.

    Mrs. Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, "Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning." she'd say. The first time she said that, soda went up my nose.

    I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she'd work it out of her system. So that's what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.

    I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn't see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser. She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she'd had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.

    I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't say "fine", she sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so. Sometimes it's good to just smile, nod your head and listen.

Why did the author sit and listen to Mrs. Stanley according to Paragraph 3?

AHe enjoyed the drink.

BHe wanted to be helpful.

CHe took the chance to rest.

DHe tried to please his dad.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

    When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs. Stanley was one of my customers. She'd watch me coming down her street, and by the time I'd biked up to her doorstep, there'd be a cold drink waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked.

    Mrs. Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, "Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning." she'd say. The first time she said that, soda went up my nose.

    I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she'd work it out of her system. So that's what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.

    I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn't see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser. She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she'd had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.

    I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't say "fine", she sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so. Sometimes it's good to just smile, nod your head and listen.

Which of the following can replace the underlined phrase "worked it our of her system"?

Arecover from her sadness

Bmove out of the neighborhood

Cturn to her old friends

Dspeak out about her past

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                A

    When I was in fourth grade, I worked part-time as a paperboy. Mrs. Stanley was one of my customers. She'd watch me coming down her street, and by the time I'd biked up to her doorstep, there'd be a cold drink waiting. I'd sit and drink while she talked.

    Mrs. Stanley talked mostly about her dead husband, "Mr. Stanley and I went shopping this morning." she'd say. The first time she said that, soda went up my nose.

    I told my father how Mrs. Stanley talked as if Mr. Stanley were still alive. Dad said she was probably lonely, and that I ought to sit and listen and nod my head and smile, and maybe she'd work it out of her system. So that's what I did, and it turned out Dad was right. After a while she seemed content to leave her husband over at the cemetery.

    I finally quit delivering newspapers and didn't see Mrs. Stanley for several years. Then we crossed paths at a church fund-raiser. She was spooning mashed potatoes and looking happy. Four years before, she'd had to offer her paperboy a drink to have someone to talk with. Now she had friends. Her husband was gone, but life went on.

    I live in the city now, and my paperboy is a lady named Edna with three kids. She asks me how I'm doing. When I don't say "fine", she sticks around to hear my problems. She's lived in the city most of her life, but she knows about community. Community isn't so much a place as it is a state of mind. You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so. Sometimes it's good to just smile, nod your head and listen.

What does the author think people in a community should do?

AOpen up to others.

BDepend on each other.

CPay for other's help.

DCare about one another.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 B 

    It's surprising how much simple movement of the body can affect the way we think. Using expansive gestures with open arms makes us feel more powerful, crossing your arms makes you more determined and lying down can bring more insights.

    So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We're all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can make us feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive performance or is it just a feeling?

    Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people's powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn thought to have close attention to detail.

    What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren't. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test(one way of measuring attention). The researchers call the effect "enclothed cognition," suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

    This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef's hat make the restaurant food taste better?

    From now on I will only be editing articles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown(学位服).

What is the main idea of the text?

ABody movements change the way people think.

BHow people dress has an influence on their feelings.

CWhat people wear can affect their cognitive performance.

DPeople doing different jobs should wear different clothes.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 B 

    It's surprising how much simple movement of the body can affect the way we think. Using expansive gestures with open arms makes us feel more powerful, crossing your arms makes you more determined and lying down can bring more insights.

    So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We're all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can make us feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive performance or is it just a feeling?

    Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people's powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn thought to have close attention to detail.

    What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren't. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test(one way of measuring attention). The researchers call the effect "enclothed cognition," suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

    This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef's hat make the restaurant food taste better?

    From now on I will only be editing articles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown(学位服).

Adam and Galinsky's experiment tested the effect of clothes on their wearers'______.

Ainsights

Bmovements

Cattention

Dappearance

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 B 

    It's surprising how much simple movement of the body can affect the way we think. Using expansive gestures with open arms makes us feel more powerful, crossing your arms makes you more determined and lying down can bring more insights.

    So if moving the body can have these effects, what about the clothes we wear? We're all well aware of how dressing up in different ways can make us feel more attractive, sporty or professional, depending on the clothes we wear, but can the clothes actually change cognitive performance or is it just a feeling?

    Adam and Galinsky tested the effect of simply wearing a white lab coat on people's powers of attention. The idea is that white coats are associated with scientists, who are in turn thought to have close attention to detail.

    What they found was that people wearing white coats performed better than those who weren't. Indeed, they made only half as many errors as those wearing their own clothes on the Stroop Test(one way of measuring attention). The researchers call the effect "enclothed cognition," suggesting that all manner of different clothes probably affect our cognition in many different ways.

    This opens the way for all sorts of clothes-based experiments. Is the writer who wears a fedora more creative? Is the psychologist wearing little round glasses and smoking a cigar more insightful? Does a chef's hat make the restaurant food taste better?

    From now on I will only be editing articles for PsyBlog while wearing a white coat to help keep the typing error count low. Hopefully you will be doing your part by reading PsyBlog in a cap and gown(学位服).

How does the author sound in the last paragraph?

AAcademic.

BHumorous.

CFormal.

DHopeful.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    At first sight, Elana Schlenker’s pop-up store, Less Than 100, which was open in Pittsburgh during the month of April appeared just like any other gift store. However, when shoppers went to pay, they were in for a surprise. That's because while men paid full price, women received a 24% discount.

    Though that may appear to be blatant (公然的) discrimination, Elana was merely obeying the store’s slogan “pay what you are paid”. And since women in the US get paid an average of 76 cents for every dollar men earn for the same job, it is only fair that they pay less.

    As the store’s pricing policy was not enough to get the message across, Elana also distributed pamphlets(小册子). Entitled “What Are Women Worth?”, it explained the status of the wage gap both in Pennsylvania and across the country, and also gave women tips on how to better negotiate salaries. A 2015 study conducted by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research found that although the rate of women’s income has been rising, men still earn more in every state in the country.

    Though the Less Than 100 project will not resolve the wage inequality, it is a thought-provoking way to bring to the forefront an issue that is increasingly causing a lot of worry among women. Fortunately, Elana is not the only one trying to change the unfair system. Ellen Pao, appointed as the temporary CEO of Reddit, recently announced that new employees would be forbidden from negotiating salaries. She believes that men are better negotiators than women, and therefore, tend to receive higher wages!

    What’s encouraging is that male CEOs are also joining the fight! Earlier this month, Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff launched a company wide program to address the issue. Called “Women Surge” it aims to remove all gender-based pay inequalities, hire and promote more women and ensure that they are better included in meetings! With all these visionaries taking the lead, it will not be long before gender pay inequality is something we will only read about in history books!

Men had to pay more at Less Than 100 probably because _______.

Athe shop was operated by a young woman

Bthey received more salary than women

Cthe gifts in the store were very expensive

Dthe owner of the shop didn’t like men at all

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    At first sight, Elana Schlenker’s pop-up store, Less Than 100, which was open in Pittsburgh during the month of April appeared just like any other gift store. However, when shoppers went to pay, they were in for a surprise. That's because while men paid full price, women received a 24% discount.

    Though that may appear to be blatant (公然的) discrimination, Elana was merely obeying the store’s slogan “pay what you are paid”. And since women in the US get paid an average of 76 cents for every dollar men earn for the same job, it is only fair that they pay less.

    As the store’s pricing policy was not enough to get the message across, Elana also distributed pamphlets(小册子). Entitled “What Are Women Worth?”, it explained the status of the wage gap both in Pennsylvania and across the country, and also gave women tips on how to better negotiate salaries. A 2015 study conducted by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research found that although the rate of women’s income has been rising, men still earn more in every state in the country.

    Though the Less Than 100 project will not resolve the wage inequality, it is a thought-provoking way to bring to the forefront an issue that is increasingly causing a lot of worry among women. Fortunately, Elana is not the only one trying to change the unfair system. Ellen Pao, appointed as the temporary CEO of Reddit, recently announced that new employees would be forbidden from negotiating salaries. She believes that men are better negotiators than women, and therefore, tend to receive higher wages!

    What’s encouraging is that male CEOs are also joining the fight! Earlier this month, Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff launched a company wide program to address the issue. Called “Women Surge” it aims to remove all gender-based pay inequalities, hire and promote more women and ensure that they are better included in meetings! With all these visionaries taking the lead, it will not be long before gender pay inequality is something we will only read about in history books!

Elana handed out pamphlets to _______.

Asell more goods in the store

Bseek more support from others

Cteach women to ask for more salary

Dbeg for the customers’ forgiveness

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    At first sight, Elana Schlenker’s pop-up store, Less Than 100, which was open in Pittsburgh during the month of April appeared just like any other gift store. However, when shoppers went to pay, they were in for a surprise. That's because while men paid full price, women received a 24% discount.

    Though that may appear to be blatant (公然的) discrimination, Elana was merely obeying the store’s slogan “pay what you are paid”. And since women in the US get paid an average of 76 cents for every dollar men earn for the same job, it is only fair that they pay less.

    As the store’s pricing policy was not enough to get the message across, Elana also distributed pamphlets(小册子). Entitled “What Are Women Worth?”, it explained the status of the wage gap both in Pennsylvania and across the country, and also gave women tips on how to better negotiate salaries. A 2015 study conducted by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research found that although the rate of women’s income has been rising, men still earn more in every state in the country.

    Though the Less Than 100 project will not resolve the wage inequality, it is a thought-provoking way to bring to the forefront an issue that is increasingly causing a lot of worry among women. Fortunately, Elana is not the only one trying to change the unfair system. Ellen Pao, appointed as the temporary CEO of Reddit, recently announced that new employees would be forbidden from negotiating salaries. She believes that men are better negotiators than women, and therefore, tend to receive higher wages!

    What’s encouraging is that male CEOs are also joining the fight! Earlier this month, Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff launched a company wide program to address the issue. Called “Women Surge” it aims to remove all gender-based pay inequalities, hire and promote more women and ensure that they are better included in meetings! With all these visionaries taking the lead, it will not be long before gender pay inequality is something we will only read about in history books!

Ellen Pao may agree that_______.

Athe wage system should be reformed

BElana does well in her jo

Cwomen don’t care about salary at all

Dmen should get more salary than women

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    At first sight, Elana Schlenker’s pop-up store, Less Than 100, which was open in Pittsburgh during the month of April appeared just like any other gift store. However, when shoppers went to pay, they were in for a surprise. That's because while men paid full price, women received a 24% discount.

    Though that may appear to be blatant (公然的) discrimination, Elana was merely obeying the store’s slogan “pay what you are paid”. And since women in the US get paid an average of 76 cents for every dollar men earn for the same job, it is only fair that they pay less.

    As the store’s pricing policy was not enough to get the message across, Elana also distributed pamphlets(小册子). Entitled “What Are Women Worth?”, it explained the status of the wage gap both in Pennsylvania and across the country, and also gave women tips on how to better negotiate salaries. A 2015 study conducted by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research found that although the rate of women’s income has been rising, men still earn more in every state in the country.

    Though the Less Than 100 project will not resolve the wage inequality, it is a thought-provoking way to bring to the forefront an issue that is increasingly causing a lot of worry among women. Fortunately, Elana is not the only one trying to change the unfair system. Ellen Pao, appointed as the temporary CEO of Reddit, recently announced that new employees would be forbidden from negotiating salaries. She believes that men are better negotiators than women, and therefore, tend to receive higher wages!

    What’s encouraging is that male CEOs are also joining the fight! Earlier this month, Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff launched a company wide program to address the issue. Called “Women Surge” it aims to remove all gender-based pay inequalities, hire and promote more women and ensure that they are better included in meetings! With all these visionaries taking the lead, it will not be long before gender pay inequality is something we will only read about in history books!

What is the author’s attitude towards pay equality between men and women?

Adoubtful

Bnegative

Cunsure

Dhopeful

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Traffic jam and cities, it seems, go hand in hand. Everyone complains about being stuck in traffic; but, like the weather, no one seems to do anything about it. In particular, traffic engineers, transportation planners, and public officials responsible for transportation systems in large cities are frequently criticized for failing to solve traffic jam.

    But is traffic jam a sign of failure? Long queues at restaurants or theater box offices are seen as signs of success. Should transportation systems be viewed any differently? I think we should recognize that traffic jam is an unpreventable by-product of successful cities, and view the "traffic problem" in a different light.

    Cities exist because they promote social interactions and economic transactions (交易) .

    Traffic jam occurs where there are lots of people but limited spaces. Culturally and economically successful cities have the worst traffic problems, while decaying cities don't have much traffic. New York and Los Angeles are America's most crowded cities. But if you want access to major stock markets, you will find them easier to reach in crowded New York than in any other large cities. And if your firm needs access to satellite-guidance engineers, you will reach them more quickly through the crowded freeways of LA than through less crowded roads elsewhere.

    Despite traffic jam, a larger number and wider variety of social interactions and economic transactions can be made perfect in large, crowded cities than elsewhere. Seen in this light, traffic jam is an unfortunate consequence of prosperity, not a cause of economic decline and urban decay.

    So while we can consider traffic jam as increasing costs on the areas of big cities, the costs of inaccessibility in uncrowded places are almost certainly greater.

    There is no doubt that traffic jam brings the terrible economic and environmental damage in places like Bangkok, Jakarta, and Lagos. But mobility is far higher and traffic jam levels are far lower here in the US, even in our most crowded cities. That's why, for now, we don't see people streaming out of San Francisco and Chicago, heading for cities like Phoenix, and Cleveland.

We can conclude from the first paragraph that _________.

Atraffic jam and weather are the two factors preventing the development of a big city

Btraffic jam seems to be very difficult to deal with

Cif traffic engineers try their best, traffic jam can be solved

Dpublic officials are always criticized for misusing their power

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Traffic jam and cities, it seems, go hand in hand. Everyone complains about being stuck in traffic; but, like the weather, no one seems to do anything about it. In particular, traffic engineers, transportation planners, and public officials responsible for transportation systems in large cities are frequently criticized for failing to solve traffic jam.

    But is traffic jam a sign of failure? Long queues at restaurants or theater box offices are seen as signs of success. Should transportation systems be viewed any differently? I think we should recognize that traffic jam is an unpreventable by-product of successful cities, and view the "traffic problem" in a different light.

    Cities exist because they promote social interactions and economic transactions (交易) .

    Traffic jam occurs where there are lots of people but limited spaces. Culturally and economically successful cities have the worst traffic problems, while decaying cities don't have much traffic. New York and Los Angeles are America's most crowded cities. But if you want access to major stock markets, you will find them easier to reach in crowded New York than in any other large cities. And if your firm needs access to satellite-guidance engineers, you will reach them more quickly through the crowded freeways of LA than through less crowded roads elsewhere.

    Despite traffic jam, a larger number and wider variety of social interactions and economic transactions can be made perfect in large, crowded cities than elsewhere. Seen in this light, traffic jam is an unfortunate consequence of prosperity, not a cause of economic decline and urban decay.

    So while we can consider traffic jam as increasing costs on the areas of big cities, the costs of inaccessibility in uncrowded places are almost certainly greater.

    There is no doubt that traffic jam brings the terrible economic and environmental damage in places like Bangkok, Jakarta, and Lagos. But mobility is far higher and traffic jam levels are far lower here in the US, even in our most crowded cities. That's why, for now, we don't see people streaming out of San Francisco and Chicago, heading for cities like Phoenix, and Cleveland.

According to the passage, what's the author's opinion towards traffic jam?

ATraffic jam is unavoidable in large cities.

BTraffic jam is both a sign of success and a sign of failure.

CTraffic jam is the consequence of successful cities.

DTraffic jam is not unpreventable for a successful city.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Traffic jam and cities, it seems, go hand in hand. Everyone complains about being stuck in traffic; but, like the weather, no one seems to do anything about it. In particular, traffic engineers, transportation planners, and public officials responsible for transportation systems in large cities are frequently criticized for failing to solve traffic jam.

    But is traffic jam a sign of failure? Long queues at restaurants or theater box offices are seen as signs of success. Should transportation systems be viewed any differently? I think we should recognize that traffic jam is an unpreventable by-product of successful cities, and view the "traffic problem" in a different light.

    Cities exist because they promote social interactions and economic transactions (交易) .

    Traffic jam occurs where there are lots of people but limited spaces. Culturally and economically successful cities have the worst traffic problems, while decaying cities don't have much traffic. New York and Los Angeles are America's most crowded cities. But if you want access to major stock markets, you will find them easier to reach in crowded New York than in any other large cities. And if your firm needs access to satellite-guidance engineers, you will reach them more quickly through the crowded freeways of LA than through less crowded roads elsewhere.

    Despite traffic jam, a larger number and wider variety of social interactions and economic transactions can be made perfect in large, crowded cities than elsewhere. Seen in this light, traffic jam is an unfortunate consequence of prosperity, not a cause of economic decline and urban decay.

    So while we can consider traffic jam as increasing costs on the areas of big cities, the costs of inaccessibility in uncrowded places are almost certainly greater.

    There is no doubt that traffic jam brings the terrible economic and environmental damage in places like Bangkok, Jakarta, and Lagos. But mobility is far higher and traffic jam levels are far lower here in the US, even in our most crowded cities. That's why, for now, we don't see people streaming out of San Francisco and Chicago, heading for cities like Phoenix, and Cleveland.

According to this passage, which of the following is TRUE?

ACrowded cities tend to promote economic transactions.

BNew York and Los Angeles have less limited spaces than other cities.

CThe satellite-guidance engineers are needed most by the firms in LA.

DDespite the traffic jam in LA, it's easier to reach your destination than in other cities.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Traffic jam and cities, it seems, go hand in hand. Everyone complains about being stuck in traffic; but, like the weather, no one seems to do anything about it. In particular, traffic engineers, transportation planners, and public officials responsible for transportation systems in large cities are frequently criticized for failing to solve traffic jam.

    But is traffic jam a sign of failure? Long queues at restaurants or theater box offices are seen as signs of success. Should transportation systems be viewed any differently? I think we should recognize that traffic jam is an unpreventable by-product of successful cities, and view the "traffic problem" in a different light.

    Cities exist because they promote social interactions and economic transactions (交易) .

    Traffic jam occurs where there are lots of people but limited spaces. Culturally and economically successful cities have the worst traffic problems, while decaying cities don't have much traffic. New York and Los Angeles are America's most crowded cities. But if you want access to major stock markets, you will find them easier to reach in crowded New York than in any other large cities. And if your firm needs access to satellite-guidance engineers, you will reach them more quickly through the crowded freeways of LA than through less crowded roads elsewhere.

    Despite traffic jam, a larger number and wider variety of social interactions and economic transactions can be made perfect in large, crowded cities than elsewhere. Seen in this light, traffic jam is an unfortunate consequence of prosperity, not a cause of economic decline and urban decay.

    So while we can consider traffic jam as increasing costs on the areas of big cities, the costs of inaccessibility in uncrowded places are almost certainly greater.

    There is no doubt that traffic jam brings the terrible economic and environmental damage in places like Bangkok, Jakarta, and Lagos. But mobility is far higher and traffic jam levels are far lower here in the US, even in our most crowded cities. That's why, for now, we don't see people streaming out of San Francisco and Chicago, heading for cities like Phoenix, and Cleveland.

What can we learn from the last paragraph?

ATraffic jam has caused terrible bad effects in cities such as Bangkok and Lagos.

BThe traffic jam in San Francisco has resulted in the city becoming empty.

CThe traffic jam level in Chicago is lower than that in Cleveland.

DPhoenix is as crowded and successful as San Francisco.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

          How to Remember What You Read

    Reading is important.But the next step is making sure that you remember what you've read! __36__youmay have just read the text. But the ideas, concepts and images(形象)mayfly right out of your head. Here are a few tricks for remembering what youread.

    ●   __37__      

    If the plot, characters,or word usage is confusing for you, you likely won't be able to remember whatyou read. It's a bit like reading a foreign language. If you don't understandwhat you're reading, how would you remember it? But there are a few things youcan do... Use a dictionary; look up the difficult words.

    ●   Are you connected?

    Does a character remindyou of a friend? Does the setting make you want to visit the place? Does thebook inspire you, and make you want to read more? With some books, you may feela connection right away. __38__  Howwilling are you to make the connections happen?

    ●   Read it; hear it; be it!

    Read the lines. Then,speak them out loud. And, put some character into the words. When he was writinghis novels, Charles Dickens would act out the parts of the characters. He'dmake faces in the mirror, and change his voice for each character. __39__        

    ●   How often do you read?

    If you read frequently,you'll likely have an easier time with remembering what you’re reading and whatyou've read. __40__As you make reading a regular part of your life, you'll makemore connections, stay more focused and understand the text better. You’lllearn to enjoy literature- as you remember what you read!

    A.Are you confused?

    B.Practice makes perfect.

    C.What's your motivation?

    D.Memory is sometimes a tricky thing.

    E.Marking helps you remember what you read.

    F.But other books require a bit more work on your part.

    G.You can do the same thing when you are reading 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D), 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    Lightning flashed through the darkness over Sibson’s bedroom skylight(天窗). Sibson was shaken by a clap of thunder ____41___ he knew what was happening. The storm had moved directly _____42____ his two-story wooden house. Then he heard the smoke alarm beeping.

    Sibson rushed down the stairs barefoot to    43     ; he opened the door to the basement, and flames     44     out. Sibson ran back upstairs to call 911 from his bedroom. “I felt     45     because the room had a separate outdoor stairway,” he explains.

    But the phone didn’t work, and when he tried to go down the outdoor stairway, he was     46     by a wall of flames. Sibson realized he was trapped.

    Sibson’s house was three kilometers     47     the main road and was so well hidden by trees that he knew calling for help would be    48     .

    Up a hill nearby lived Sibson’s neighbor, Huggons. He was lying in bed when something like a smoke alarm     49     his ears. He jumped out of bed, took his    50     and flashlight, and headed down the hillside toward the   51     . That was when he saw the rolling heavy smoke.

    Huggons dialed 911, and the operator warned him not to   52   the house. But Huggons said, “There is no way I am going to listen to Sibson   53   and die in that fire.”

    “Anyone there?” Huggons called out. Then he heard “Help! I’m trapped!” coming from the second floor balcony. He entered the house, but soon had to run back to catch his    54     .

    After one more   55   inside the house, Huggons gave up and    56   around back.The wind parted the smoke just    57     for him to catch sight of Sibson. But there was no way to get to him. He   58   the flashlight into the woods and noticed a ladder. He took it over to the balcony and    59     Sibson down just as the second floor of the house fell off.

    Sibson is still    60     when he tells the story. “ I was alone that night,” he says. “Then I heard the most beautiful sound in my life. It was Huggons.”

41. 

    A. before          

    B.while          

    C. since                 

    D.until

42. 

    A. on             

    B.in                   

    C. through               

    D.over

43. 

    A. hide                  

    B.wait           

    C. check                       

    D.escape

44. 

    A. moved                

    B.gave          

    C. went                 

    D. exploded

45. 

    A. safe            

    B.worried        

    C. glad                  

    D.tired

46. 

    A. burned                

    B.stopped        

    C. shocked               

    D.covered

47. 

    A. beside          

    B.off            

    C. across                

    D. along

48. 

    A. limited         

    B. false          

    C.fruitless               

    D. regretful

49. 

    A. struck          

    B.missed         

    C. touched               

    D.passed

50. 

    A. coat            

    B.key           

    C. basin                 

    D.phone

51. 

    A. noise           

    B.road           

    C. smoke                

    D.danger

52. 

    A. search          

    B.enter          

    C. leave                 

    D.damage

53. 

    A. call            

    B.roll           

    C. scream               

    D. sigh

54. 

    A. breath          

    B.attention       

    C. ladder                

    D. flashlight

55. 

    A. stay            

    B.chance         

    C. thought                

    D.attempt

56. 

    A. climbed         

    B.circled         

    C. looked                

    D.jumped

57. 

    A. clear           

    B. open          

    C.enough               

    D. fit

58. 

    A. led                   

    B.put                  

    C. drove                  

    D.shone

59. 

    A. persuaded       

    B.kicked         

    C. pulled                 

    D.forced

60.

    A. nervous         

    B. surprised       

    C. proud                

    D.thankful

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

    You know you have to read “between the lines” to get the most out of anything. I want to persuade you to do something (61)_________(equal) important in the course of your reading --- “writing between the lines”. (62)________ you do that, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of reading.

    I insist that marking up book (63) ________(be) not an act of damage but of love.

    There are two ways one can own a book. One is to get the ownership (64) _________ paying for it just as you pay for clothes and furniture. But this act of purchase is only the first step to (65)________( possess). Full ownership comes only when you have made it part of yourself and the best way (66)_________(make) yourself part of it is by writing in it. (67)________ following example may make this point clear. You buy a beefsteak (68)_________ you do not own the beefsteak in the most important sense until you consume it, (69) __________ (get) it into your bloodstream. I am arguing that books too must (70)__________(absorb) in your bloodstream to do you any good.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    英语课上,老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下小作文为你同桌所写,请你对其进行修改。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

          2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

          3必须按答题要求做题

    The long-desired winter vacation was arrived in the end.As soon as the bell rang, announced the end of the class, we couldn’t wait to rush out of the classroom.Half an hour late, my good friend Li Ming and I were on the way back home.Such crowded was the train we took that they had to stand.Thinking of the coming Spring Festival and the two-weeks stay with parents, we both felt exciting.All of a sudden, I saw a man picking an old lady’s pocket.With help of Li Ming, I caught the thief and force him to give back the purse to the old lady.The thief was taken away by the guard.Praised by other passengers, we felt proudly of what we had done.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 书面表达(共25分)

    假设你是李华,你购买了一部某外国生产的手机,因有质量问题,要求该公司更换。请根据下列要点,用英文写一封电子邮件。

    1问题:手机铃不响;不能发短信;该产品已售完,无法更换;型号新,无配件,无法修理。

    2要求:公司应尽快予以更换。

注意:1词数为100词左右;   

          2参考词汇:配件 spare part;

Dear sir,

__________________________________________________________________________________

                                    Sincerely yours,

                                            Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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