Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born on September 24, 1896. He was an American writer of novels and short stories, whose works are the typical writings of the Jazz Age, a term he created himself.
Born into an upper middle-class Irish Catholic family, Fitzgerald was named after his famous second cousin, Francis Scott Key. He was also named after his deceased sister Louise Scott, one of two sisters who died shortly before his birth. He spent 1898–1901 in Syracuse and 1903–1908 in Buffalo, New York, where he attended Nardin Academy. When his father was fired from his company, the family returned to Minnesota, where Fitzgerald attended St. Paul Academy from 1908 to1911.
He is widely regarded as one of the 20th century’s greatest writers. Fitzgerald is considered to be a member of the “Lost Generation” of the 1920s. He finished four novels, This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, Tender Is the Night and his most famous classic novel, The Great Gatsby. A fifth, unfinished novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon was published after his death. Fitzgerald also wrote many short stories that dealt with themes of youth.
His first literary work, a detective story, was published in a school newspaper when he was 12. When he was 16, he was forced to leave St. Paul Academy for neglecting his studies. He attended Newman School, a prep school in Hackensack, New Jersey, in 1911–1912, and entered Princeton University in 1913 as a member of the Class of 1917. There he became friends with future critics and writers Edmund Wilson (Class of 1916) and John Peale Bishop (Class of 1917), and wrote for the Princeton Triangle Club. He was also a member of the University Cottage Club, which still displays Fitzgerald’s desk and writing materials in its library. A poor student, Fitzgerald left Princeton to enlist (入伍) in the US Army during World War I; however, the war ended shortly after Fitzgerald’s enlistment.
Fitzgerald had been an alcoholic (酒鬼) since his college days, leaving him in poor health by the late 1930s. Fitzgerald suffered a mild attack of tuberculosis in 1919, and died of a heart attack in 1940.
21. What does the passage mainly talk about?
22. What led to Fitzgerald’s early death according to the passage?
23. Which is the most famous work of Fitzgerald?
24. What’s the right order of the events related to Fitzgerald?
a. He attended Nardin Academy. b. He entered Princeton University.
c. He attended St. Paul Academy. d. He joined the US Army during World War I.
（Anyone who has experienced the joy of driving through a rainstorm with the sunroof (天窗) open understands how airflow around the moving vehicles can keep him dry despite the exposure. Now a similar principle is being employed to create an umbrella that protects people from the rain using nothing more than an invisible air force field.
Air Umbrella, developed by a Chinese company and recently funded by Kickstarter, uses forced air rather than fabric to create a protective canopy that keeps people from getting wet in the rain.
It’s a clever concept and designers have done a good job of answering several questions about the product. For instance, the sound generated by the device is minimal, especially when compared to the pitter-patter of the falling rain. It can create a protective canopy wide enough for two people to fit under and it performs well even in the heavy rain. The air shield (防护) can be cut through by high winds, but given that regular umbrellas typically fold over in similar windy conditions, the air umbrella is still an upgrade.
A few concerns do remain, however. For instance, the battery life is only about 15-30 minutes depending on the model, so you’ll still want to walk briskly to your next destination when it’s raining. Also, while the air shield might keep the rain away from you, it’s likely to splash all that blown-away water onto anyone else like a sprinkler (洒水车). So the device might draw the ire of anyone else walking with you, or any helpless bystanders.
There are currently three different types to choose from if you’re interested in investing. Air Umbrella-A is the lightest model, and is apparently designed specifically for females, according to the Chinese developers. It is about 12 inches in length and weighs a little over a pound, and it runs for 15 minutes per charge. Air Umbrella-B measures nearly 20 inches long and weighs 1.7 pounds, and lasts 30 minutes per charge. Finally, Air Umbrella-C also lasts 30 minutes, but is scalable between 20 and 32 inches depending on your needs.
25. Why does the author mention a special driving experience in the first paragraph?
26. The Air Umbrella fails to work when ______.
27. How does the author present concerns about the Air Umbrella?
28. The underlined word “ire” in the 4th paragraph probably means ______.
A company has just launched what it calls “the world’s first free standardized English test” recently. Anyone can take the test for free. The new exam is called the EFSET, which is short for Education First Standardized English Test. The company, Education First, is known by the letters EF.
It is estimated that there are two billion English language learners worldwide. Many of them are interested in attending an American college or university. To do so, foreign students need to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language — better known as TOEFL. However, many foreigners are not wealthy enough to take the TOEFL. In addition, test-takers often have to travel overnight to reach an official testing site. The World Bank says an average Cambodian worker earns only about $1,000 per year. Approximately the cost of taking the TOEFL is 17.5 percent of the average worker’s yearly wage.
It is not just individuals who find the test pricey. Some governments also find it prohibitive. What’s more, not everyone needs official results from the TOEFL or IELTS — the International English Language Testing System. In the future, it’s likely that the government may use the EFSET to test millions of employees and students.
Experts believe that the EFSET meets the highest value in language testing. It uses special computer software that makes the questions easier or harder, depending on one’s performance. The EFSET measures all the English learners’ levels while the IELTS and TOEFL only measure learners’ levels from moderate (中等的) to advanced. The EFSET is unique in the sense that it gives free online access to anyone interested in measuring their English level.
There is a 50-minute and a two-hour version of the test, which its developers are calling the EFSET Plus. Both versions test only reading and listening skills. It’s hopeful that speaking and writing skills will be tested in the future. The IELTS and the TOEFL still use humans to rate the speaking and writing sections. It’s a huge deal for students who are in areas where they can’t get to the TOEFL or the IELTS. However, it is too early to know whether the EFSET results are acceptable for colleges and universities in America.
29. Why do many foreign students take the TOEFL?
30. What can we infer from Paragraph 2?
31. What can we learn about the EFSET?
32. What’s the best title for the passage?
SKYDIVE OVER BYRON BAY
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We have the most experienced staff and the best safety record in Australia. We welcome fun jumpers from around the world. We offer the AFF (Accelerated Freefall) course for people who want to learn to skydive solo (单独地).
We have the best videos, the best views over Byron Bay and the best prices.
Owner and chief instructor, Ray Palmer, has done over 11,500 jumps and has represented Australia in the world championships 7 times! He was the original skydiver from the Coca Cola Skysurfing commercial (广告) in 1991.
So for Byron’s original and most experienced skydive centre, come and see us！
Tyagarah Airport Phone: (02) 6684 1323
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JUMP THE BAY
Incredible! Words can never describe how brilliant it is! The staff were great, easy to talk to and made it more awesome than I could have imagined. Thank you for the BEST experience of my life! —Kylie, UK
Make sure you go with these guys at Byron Bay. The whole experience was FANTASTIC! The sky was awesome! The staff were tremendous! The view was incredible and the video, something to treasure! —Grace, Australia
33. What is the advantage of Skydive Byron Bay?
34. What is true of Ray Palmer?
35. It can be inferred that Kylie and Grace ______.
Do you want to improve your quality of life? Here is some advice.
①Make it a point of doing something brave every day. 36 This might mean talking to someone that you generally wouldn’t talk to or starting a project that you feel afraid of. There is no need to plan it in advance.
②Learn something new. Pick a topic, especially something you know nothing about and learn something from it. 37 It helps to keep it if you have time to make a note of what you have learned.
③Debate something. If you think you know about something, nothing will prove it like arguing it with someone who’s smarter than you. 38 This is easier said than done, but it can provide you with some of the best mental stimulation.
④ Spend time with a child. 39 If you don’t, I bet you have friends who would be happy to let you borrow theirs for a few minutes. It doesn’t matter what age they are—children see the world entirely differently. Look at it from their eyes. Be their hero. Appreciate what they appreciate. Enjoy the simple things again. You’ll love it and they’ll love you for it.
⑤Recognize what makes you happy. 40 Everyone is working towards something, but what makes you happy now? Think of it and try to incorporate (并入) more of what made you happy yesterday into today.
In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The 41 _ is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 42 _ because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before.
How did we 43 _ a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to 44 _ an object than to spend time and money to repair it. 45 _ modern manufacturing (制造业) and technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and 46 _ .
Another cause is our 47 _ of disposable (一次性的) products. As 48 _ people, we are always looking for 49 _ to save time and make our lives easier. Companies 50 _ thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few.
Our appetite for new products also 51 _ to the problem. We are 52 _ buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that 53 _ is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we 54 _ useful possessions to make room for new ones.
All around the world, we can see the 55 _ of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To 56 _ the amount of rubbish and to protect the 57 _ , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. 58 _ , this is not enough to solve our problem.
Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions 59 _ throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about 60 _ . Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment.
Once a farmer lost his watch in his barn, in which lots of grain was kept. The watch, 61 was a gift from his father, was very important to him and he was determined to find it.
After searching the barn for a long time, however, he gave up and asked for help from a group of children who were playing nearby. He promised to give a great reward to 62 found the watch.
63 (hear) this, the children hurried inside the barnimmediately. 64 searched everywhere but still could not findthe watch buried in the grain. The farmer was about to give up 65 alittle boy went up to him and asked to be given 66 secondchance.
The farmer looked at himand thought, “Why not? After all, this kid looks honest.”
So the farmer sent thelittle boy back into the barn. After a while the little boy came out 67 the watch in his hand! The farmer, 68 (surprise)but happy, asked the boy how he succeeded where the rest had failed.
The boy replied, “Idid nothing but 69 (sit) quietly and listen for the sound of thewatch.”
This shows us that sometimesa peaceful mind can think 70 (well)than an excited one.
删除：把多余的词用斜线（ \ ）划掉。
Questioning can lead to search for an answer. If we are in the habit of raising doubts as to if what we are told is true, we can find the correct answer and learn more.
Two years before, our teacher, Mr. Li offered us an answer to a difficult math problem in class. Because the answer seemed a little strange, nobody but I doubted it. Thought that his solution might be wrong, I carefully analyzed the problem and try to work it out in a different way. Half an hour later, I managed to find the correct answer. When I showed my answer to her, the teacher praised me for my dependent thinking.
1 词数100左右； ②可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；
I am at a loss nowadays.
I’m looking forward to your early reply.