• 英语 吉林市2017年高三第一次调研考试
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born on September 24, 1896. He was an American writer of novels and short stories, whose works are the typical writings of the Jazz Age, a term he created himself.

Born into an upper middle-class Irish Catholic family, Fitzgerald was named after his famous second cousin, Francis Scott Key. He was also named after his deceased sister Louise Scott, one of two sisters who died shortly before his birth. He spent 1898–1901 in Syracuse and 1903–1908 in Buffalo, New York, where he attended Nardin Academy. When his father was fired from his company, the family returned to Minnesota, where Fitzgerald attended St. Paul Academy from 1908 to1911.

He is widely regarded as one of the 20th century’s greatest writers. Fitzgerald is considered to be a member of the “Lost Generation” of the 1920s. He finished four novels, This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, Tender Is the Night and his most famous classic novel, The Great Gatsby. A fifth, unfinished novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon was published after his death. Fitzgerald also wrote many short stories that dealt with themes of youth.

His first literary work, a detective story, was published in a school newspaper when he was 12. When he was 16, he was forced to leave St. Paul Academy for neglecting his studies. He attended Newman School, a prep school in Hackensack, New Jersey, in 1911–1912, and entered Princeton University in 1913 as a member of the Class of 1917. There he became friends with future critics and writers Edmund Wilson (Class of 1916) and John Peale Bishop (Class of 1917), and wrote for the Princeton Triangle Club. He was also a member of the University Cottage Club, which still displays Fitzgerald’s desk and writing materials in its library. A poor student, Fitzgerald left Princeton to enlist (入伍) in the US Army during World War I; however, the war ended shortly after Fitzgerald’s enlistment.

Fitzgerald had been an alcoholic (酒鬼) since his college days, leaving him in poor health by the late 1930s. Fitzgerald suffered a mild attack of tuberculosis in 1919, and died of a heart attack in 1940.

21. What does the passage mainly talk about?

AThe “Lost Generation” of the 1920s.

BHow Fitzgerald got his name.

CThe life and works of Fitzgerald.

DFitzgerald and the Jazz Age.

22. What led to Fitzgerald’s early death according to the passage?

AHis poverty.

BHis heavy drinking.

CThe poor working conditions.

DThe pressures of work.

23. Which is the most famous work of Fitzgerald?

AThis Side of Paradise.

BThe Beautiful and Damned.

CTender Is the Night.

DThe Great Gatsby.

24. What’s the right order of the events related to Fitzgerald?

a. He attended Nardin Academy. b. He entered Princeton University.

c. He attended St. Paul Academy. d. He joined the US Army during World War I.

Aa,c,b,d

Ba,d,b,c

Cb,d,a,c

Db,a,c,d

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

(Anyone who has experienced the joy of driving through a rainstorm with the sunroof (天窗) open understands how airflow around the moving vehicles can keep him dry despite the exposure. Now a similar principle is being employed to create an umbrella that protects people from the rain using nothing more than an invisible air force field.

Air Umbrella, developed by a Chinese company and recently funded by Kickstarter, uses forced air rather than fabric to create a protective canopy that keeps people from getting wet in the rain.

It’s a clever concept and designers have done a good job of answering several questions about the product. For instance, the sound generated by the device is minimal, especially when compared to the pitter-patter of the falling rain. It can create a protective canopy wide enough for two people to fit under and it performs well even in the heavy rain. The air shield (防护) can be cut through by high winds, but given that regular umbrellas typically fold over in similar windy conditions, the air umbrella is still an upgrade.

A few concerns do remain, however. For instance, the battery life is only about 15-30 minutes depending on the model, so you’ll still want to walk briskly to your next destination when it’s raining. Also, while the air shield might keep the rain away from you, it’s likely to splash all that blown-away water onto anyone else like a sprinkler (洒水车). So the device might draw the ire of anyone else walking with you, or any helpless bystanders.

There are currently three different types to choose from if you’re interested in investing. Air Umbrella-A is the lightest model, and is apparently designed specifically for females, according to the Chinese developers. It is about 12 inches in length and weighs a little over a pound, and it runs for 15 minutes per charge. Air Umbrella-B measures nearly 20 inches long and weighs 1.7 pounds, and lasts 30 minutes per charge. Finally, Air Umbrella-C also lasts 30 minutes, but is scalable between 20 and 32 inches depending on your needs.

25. Why does the author mention a special driving experience in the first paragraph?

ATo introduce the topic of the passage.

BTo explain the need for an umbrella.

CTo share a feeling with the readers.

DTo prove a theory to the readers.

26. The Air Umbrella fails to work when ______.

Athere is little rain

Bthere is no wind

Cit rains heavily

Dthe wind is strong

27. How does the author present concerns about the Air Umbrella?

ABy giving figures.

BBy giving examples.

CBy making experiments.

DBy making comparisons.

28. The underlined word “ire” in the 4th paragraph probably means ______.

Aattention

Bdoubt

Ccuriosity

DAnger

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A company has just launched what it calls “the world’s first free standardized English test” recently. Anyone can take the test for free. The new exam is called the EFSET, which is short for Education First Standardized English Test. The company, Education First, is known by the letters EF.

It is estimated that there are two billion English language learners worldwide. Many of them are interested in attending an American college or university. To do so, foreign students need to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language — better known as TOEFL. However, many foreigners are not wealthy enough to take the TOEFL. In addition, test-takers often have to travel overnight to reach an official testing site. The World Bank says an average Cambodian worker earns only about $1,000 per year. Approximately the cost of taking the TOEFL is 17.5 percent of the average worker’s yearly wage.

It is not just individuals who find the test pricey. Some governments also find it prohibitive. What’s more, not everyone needs official results from the TOEFL or IELTS — the International English Language Testing System. In the future, it’s likely that the government may use the EFSET to test millions of employees and students.

Experts believe that the EFSET meets the highest value in language testing. It uses special computer software that makes the questions easier or harder, depending on one’s performance. The EFSET measures all the English learners’ levels while the IELTS and TOEFL only measure learners’ levels from moderate (中等的) to advanced. The EFSET is unique in the sense that it gives free online access to anyone interested in measuring their English level.

There is a 50-minute and a two-hour version of the test, which its developers are calling the EFSET Plus. Both versions test only reading and listening skills. It’s hopeful that speaking and writing skills will be tested in the future. The IELTS and the TOEFL still use humans to rate the speaking and writing sections. It’s a huge deal for students who are in areas where they can’t get to the TOEFL or the IELTS. However, it is too early to know whether the EFSET results are acceptable for colleges and universities in America.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了雅思托福和英孚测试的区别,雅思托福都是付费考试而且学费较贵,而英孚考试是每一个人都可以通过网络平台免费参加。英孚考试目前只测试读和听的能力。

29. Why do many foreign students take the TOEFL?

ATo learn English well.

BTo be admitted to key universities.

CTo receive further education in America.

DTo find good jobs and earn much money.

30. What can we infer from Paragraph 2?

AOnly wealthy people can take the TOEFL.

BThe cost of taking the TOEFL is very high.

CThere are many official testing sites for the TOEFL around the world.

DFew of the students in Cambodia can afford to take the TOEFL.

31. What can we learn about the EFSET?

AIt is similar to the TOEFL and the IELTS.

BEverybody with different English levels can take it for free.

CIt tests the skills of reading, listening, writing and speaking.

DAmerican universities accept the EFSET results for admission

32. What’s the best title for the passage?

AHow to get ready for the EFSET

BDifferent ways to test English learners in the world

CThe new software developed by Education First

DThe free EFSET— an online test for English learners

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

SKYDIVE OVER BYRON BAY

Why jump with us?

We are the only skydive centre in Byron Bay – Australia’s most easterly point. Get a bird’s-eye view and experience the magic of Byron Bay from 14,000 feet! With Skydive Byron Bay.

We have the most experienced staff and the best safety record in Australia. We welcome fun jumpers from around the world. We offer the AFF (Accelerated Freefall) course for people who want to learn to skydive solo (单独地).

We have the best videos, the best views over Byron Bay and the best prices.

Owner and chief instructor, Ray Palmer, has done over 11,500 jumps and has represented Australia in the world championships 7 times! He was the original skydiver from the Coca Cola Skysurfing commercial (广告) in 1991.

So for Byron’s original and most experienced skydive centre, come and see us!

Tyagarah Airport Phone: (02) 6684 1323

PO Box 1615 Fax: (02) 6684 6323

Byron Bay NSW 2481 Free call: 1800 800 840

Australia info@skydivebyronbay.com

JUMP THE BAY

Incredible! Words can never describe how brilliant it is! The staff were great, easy to talk to and made it more awesome than I could have imagined. Thank you for the BEST experience of my life! —Kylie, UK

Make sure you go with these guys at Byron Bay. The whole experience was FANTASTIC! The sky was awesome! The staff were tremendous! The view was incredible and the video, something to treasure! —Grace, Australia

33. What is the advantage of Skydive Byron Bay?

AThe safety of skydivers.

BThe success of beginners.

CFree videos for skydivers.

DFree skydive courses.

34. What is true of Ray Palmer?

AHe acted as a skydiver in a movie.

BHe possesses Skydive Byron Bay.

CHe is a world champion in skydive.

DHe skydives at Byron Bay almost every day.

35. It can be inferred that Kylie and Grace ______.

Aworked at Skydive Byron Bay

Bexperienced skydive at Skydive Byron Bay

Care from European countries

Dare two coaches from the Coca

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Do you want to improve your quality of life? Here is some advice.

①Make it a point of doing something brave every day.  36    This might mean talking to someone that you generally wouldn’t talk to or starting a project that you feel afraid of. There is no need to plan it in advance.

②Learn something new. Pick a topic, especially something you know nothing about and learn something from it.  37    It helps to keep it if you have time to make a note of what you have learned.

③Debate something. If you think you know about something, nothing will prove it like arguing it with someone who’s smarter than you.  38    This is easier said than done, but it can provide you with some of the best mental stimulation.

④ Spend time with a child.  39    If you don’t, I bet you have friends who would be happy to let you borrow theirs for a few minutes. It doesn’t matter what age they are—children see the world entirely differently. Look at it from their eyes. Be their hero. Appreciate what they appreciate. Enjoy the simple things again. You’ll love it and they’ll love you for it.

⑤Recognize what makes you happy.  40    Everyone is working towards something, but what makes you happy now? Think of it and try to incorporate (并入) more of what made you happy yesterday into today.

AIf you have one, consider yourself lucky.

BTalking with little children keeps you young.

CSpend some time each day alone with your thoughts.

DA good source of inspiration for this can be the newspaper.

EFind a friend you can debate with who has different ideas.

FStep out of your comfort zone, and leave the routine for a second.

GReflect on the parts of your day that bring you real happiness.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上涂黑。

In our modern world, when something wears out, we throw it away and buy a new one. The 41 _ is that countries around the world have growing mountains of 42 _ because people are throwing out more rubbish than ever before.

How did we  43 _ a throwaway society? First of all, it is now easier to 44 _ an object than to spend time and money to repair it. 45 _ modern manufacturing (制造业) and technology, companies are able to produce products quickly and inexpensively. Products are plentiful and 46 _ .

Another cause is our 47 _ of disposable (一次性的) products. As 48 _ people, we are always looking for 49 _ to save time and make our lives easier. Companies 50 _ thousands of different kinds of disposable products: paper plates, plastic cups, and cameras, to name a few.

Our appetite for new products also 51 _ to the problem. We are 52 _ buying new things. Advertisements persuade us that 53 _ is better and that we will be happier with the latest products. The result is that we 54 _ useful possessions to make room for new ones.

All around the world, we can see the 55 _ of this throwaway lifestyle. Mountains of rubbish just keep getting bigger. To 56 _ the amount of rubbish and to protect the 57 _ , more governments are requiring people to recycle materials. 58 _ , this is not enough to solve our problem.

Maybe there is another way out. We need to repair our possessions 59 _ throwing them away. We also need to rethink our attitudes about 60 _ . Repairing our possessions and changing our spending habits may be the best way to reduce the amount of rubbish and take care of our environment.

41.

Aproblem

Breason

Cproject

DKey

42.

Agifts

Bdebt

Crubbish

Dproducts

43.

Aface

Bbecome

Cobserve

Dchange

44.

Ahide

Bcontrol

Cwithdraw

Dreplace

45.

AAs to

BThanks to

CExcept for

DRegardless of

46.

Asafe

Bcheap

Cfunny

Dpowerful

47.

Adivision

Black

Cprevention

Dlove

48.

Abusy

Bkind

Cbrave

Dsensitive

49.

Ajobs

Bplaces

Cways

Dfriends

50.

Aproduce

Breceive

Cdonate

Dpreserve

51.

Aadapts

Bcontributes

Cresponds

Dreturns

52.

Atired of

Bworried about

Caddicted to

Dashamed for

53.

Alarger

Bstronger

Chigher

Dnewer

54.

Apick up

Bpay for

Cthrow away

Dhold onto

55.

Aadvantages

Bconsequences

Cfunctions

Dpurposes

56.

Ashow

Brecord

Cmeasure

Ddecrease

57.

Aenvironment

Btechnology

Cconsumers

Dbrands

58.

ATherefore

BOtherwise

CHowever

DMeanwhile

59.

Aby

Bin favor of

Cafter

Dinstead of

60.

Aspending

Bcollecting

Crepairing

Dadvertising

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Once a farmer lost his watch in his barn, in which lots of grain was kept. The watch,   61    was a gift from his father, was very important to him and he was determined to find it.

After searching the barn for a long time, however, he gave up and asked for help from a group of children who were playing nearby. He promised to give a great reward to   62    found the watch.

   63    (hear) this, the children hurried inside the barnimmediately.    64     searched everywhere but still could not findthe watch buried in the grain. The farmer was about to give up  65    alittle boy went up to him and asked to be given    66    secondchance.

The farmer looked at himand thought, “Why not? After all, this kid looks honest.”

So the farmer sent thelittle boy back into the barn. After a while the little boy came out   67    the watch in his hand! The farmer,    68     (surprise)but happy, asked the boy how he succeeded where the rest had failed.

The boy replied, “Idid nothing but    69     (sit) quietly and listen for the sound of thewatch.”

This shows us that sometimesa peaceful mind can think    70   (well)than an excited one.



分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

71.第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在该漏字符号下写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该横线下写上修改后的词。

注意:1,每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2,只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Questioning can lead to search for an answer. If we are in the habit of raising doubts as to if what we are told is true, we can find the correct answer and learn more.

Two years before, our teacher, Mr. Li offered us an answer to a difficult math problem in class. Because the answer seemed a little strange, nobody but I doubted it. Thought that his solution might be wrong, I carefully analyzed the problem and try to work it out in a different way. Half an hour later, I managed to find the correct answer. When I showed my answer to her, the teacher praised me for my dependent thinking.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

73.第二节:书面表达(满分25分) (请在答题纸上作答,否则无效)

假设你是李华,今年将要参加高考。你想在大学里学习外语专业,但是你的老师和父母都对你的选择提出了异议,对此你很苦恼。请你根据下表提示,用英语给你的英国笔友David发一封邮件,谈谈关于你的专业选择问题,并寻求帮助。

注意:

1 词数100左右;  ②可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

③信的开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Dear David,

I am at a loss nowadays.

I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
  • 上一题
  • 1/9
  • 下一题

点击 “立即下载”

即可下载本试卷,含解析哦

知道啦