1. Which movie was directed by Colin Trevorrow?
2. All four of the movies mentioned in the text _______.
3. Where would you be most likely to find the text?
The “melting pot” in American cuisine(菜肴。烹饪法) is a myth, not terribly unlike the idea of a melting pot of American culture, notes chef Dan Barber. “Most cultures don’t think about their cuisine in such monolithic(统一的) terms,” he says. “French, Mexican, Chinese, and Italian cuisines each consist of dozens of distinct regional foods. And I think ‘American’ cuisine is moving in the same direction, becoming more localized, not globalized. ”
American cuisine is shaped by the natural wealth of the country. Having never faced agricultural hardship, Americans don’t have to rely on rotating crops, such as the Japanese, whose food culture now showcases buckwheat (荞麦) alongside rice, or the Indians, or the French and Italians, who feature beans alongside wheat. “That kind of negotiation with the land forced people to incorporate(接受) those crops in to the culture,” says Barber. And so eating soba noodles becomes part of what it means to be Japanese, and eating beans becomes part of what it means to be French.
So if what we eat is what we are, what are Americans? Well, meat. “If Americans have any unifying food identity, I would say we are a mostly white meat culture,” says Barber. “The protein-centric dinner plate, whether you’re talking about a boneless chicken breast, or a 16-ounce steak, as an everyday expectation is something that America really created, and now exports to the rest of the world.”
Every single culture and religion uses food as part of their celebrations, says Ellen Gustafson, co-founder of the FEED Project and The 30 Project, which aims to deal with both hunger and overweight issues globally. “The celebratory nature of food is universal. Every season, every harvest, and every holiday has its own food, and this is true in America as well. It helps define us.”
4. According to the first paragraph, American cuisine ________.
5. What has made American cuisine different from other cuisines according to the article?
6. We can conclude from the article that _____ has become part of what it means to be American.
7. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
In a time when a dangerous number of people are overweight, many people seem to have forgotten the most important way to keep healthy and slim---exercise. And as a new study carried out on mice in the lab has shown, exercise done early in life can reward you in your adult years.
A team of researchers at the University of California studied the effects of early exercise on adult physical activity, body mass and eating. They found that early-age exercise in mice has positive effects on adult levels of voluntary exercise in addition to reducing body mass.
“These results may have an effect on the importance of regular physical education in elementary and middle schools,” said Theodore Garland, a professor of biology, who led the research project. “If kids exercise regularly through their school years, then they may be more likely to exercise as adults, which could have far-reaching positive effects on human health and well-being.”
Although the positive effects of early-life exercise lasted for only one week, it is important to note that one week in the life of a mouse is the same as about nine months for humans. “Our results suggest that any positive effects of early-life exercise on adult exercise will need to be kept up if they are to be long-lasting.”
His team of researchers found, too, that all mice that had access to early exercise were lighter in weight than non-exercised mice.
Garland explained that, in general, exercise will stimulate appetite sooner or later. However, it is possible that certain types of exercise, done for certain periods of time or at certain light levels, might not stimulate appetite much, if at all, at least in some individuals.
“If we could understand what sorts of exercise these might be, then we might be able to tailor exercise recommendations in a way that would bring the benefits of exercise without increase in appetite, leading to a better chance of weight loss,” he said.
8. How long do the positive effects of early-life exercise last for a mouse?
9. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article?
10. The underlined word “stimulate” in the last but one paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.
11. What is the article mainly about?
Disease spread in many ways. An infected person can cough or sneeze on someone nearby, or they can spread germs through a handshake. But sometimes we pick up germs indirectly. A sick person might leave behind bacteria or viruses when they touch a door handle, for example. But what if those surfaces could clean themselves?
Two teenagers from Hong Kong asked themselves the same question. Now they’ve developed a door handle that can kill germs on contact.
The idea is simple: Every time the door is opened, the movement creates power that starts a germ-killing reaction on the handle. In lab tests, their system killed about 99.8 percent of the germs that they spread onto lab dishes covered with their material.
Research by others has shown that door handles in public areas are often home to lots of bacteria and viruses, notes 17-year-old Sum Ming(“Simon”) Wong. He and schoolmate Kin Pong (“Michael”) Li,18, wanted to design a covering for door handles that would kill germs.
After doing some research, they learned that a mineral called titanium dioxide is known to kill bacteria. It’s already used in many products, from paints to desserts. To make their covering, the teenagers made the mineral into a very fine powder.
Titanium dioxide kills bacteria best when lit by ultraviolet light, says Simon. UV light is found in sunlight. But UV light does not naturally shine on indoor handles or any used at night, so the teenagers light their door handle from within.
To make sure the light reaches the coated surface, the teenagers made their door handle out of clear glass, Each end fits into a bracket (托架). Inside one of the brackets is a strong light-emitting diode(LED).From it comes UV light.
And here’s the interesting part: The power that makes the UVlight shine comes from opening and closing the door. The power from the door is then carried by wire to the LED inside the door handle.
The door handle system, Michael and Simon say, might cost no more than about $13 (about 81 yuan) to build.
12. The ways diseases spread are mentioned at the beginning of the text to ________.
13. Michael and Simon’s door handle __________.
14. The LED is placed inside the brackets to _______.
15. What is the author’s attitude toward Michael and Simon’s door handle system?
If you feel anxious socializing with people, doing good deeds may help you relax.Scientists have found that keeping busy with acts of kindness can help people mix more easily with strangers instead of trying to avoid them. Their study could help people who feel fearful in the company of others feel better in social situations such as parties, for example._16_ , people who suffer from social anxiety miss out on the support gained from having relationships with others and typically have fewer friends. Canadian researchers from Simon Fraser University and the University of British Columbia in Canada studied and 155 students who said they experience high level of social anxiety.__17__. One group performed good deeds, such as voluntarily washing up friends’ dishes or donating to charity. __18_, while the third group carried on with life as normal. ____19__. And the new study showed that participants in the group who actively led a helping hand also experienced a reduction in their desire to avoid social situations.__20__.
“Using this technique may work especially well early on while participants expect positive reactions from others in response to their kindness,” said researchers.A.By avoiding social situationsB.You might have been there beforeC. They were randomly divided into three groups.D. But researchers believe that good deeds can lead to more good deeds.E. Another was exposed to good deeds but didn’t perform any themselvesF. Researchers say that good deeds help with feelings of possible anxiety and pain.G. Performing acts of kindness to help others is already known to increase happiness
You may have heard from some so-called friends that what you have been fighting for is not within your reach and that you have no chance to succeed. The question is, do you them and change your dreams or goals?
If you choose to believe these types of and start to believe what others say about you, you have given of your life, your destiny, to the opinions, thoughts and feelings of others.
Two years ago, I happened to meet a lady at a local market who wanted to branch out (扩大范围)further in her life by starting to her own, small home business. She worked for a group home as a day provider but wanted to better control of her destiny. She was to go it alone (单干), afraid that she wouldn’t be to make enough money to quit her boring day job. Her biggest was not her ability; it was her in herself.
Most of her friends and acquaintances(熟人) her ability to be a business owner, or suggested to her that she would just forget about her business idea and her job, telling her that jobs were hard to come by. for her, though, she did not want to totally give up her idea. And, while she continued to have doubts about what she really wanted to do, her goal was totally by a new business acquaintance.
Her business acquaintance gave her encouragement and made time whenever she needed questions or suggestions, or just to talk about business issues. Though she had all the right plans and the ability to succeed, she her own obstacle. The good news is that she continued, even though she was with self-doubt, and quit her day job to go it alone last year.
What she conquered was more than issues around developing her ; she conquered her own anxiety, her own self-doubt. She succeeded because she did not the naysayers(反对者); she succeeded because she the greatest obstacle—her own belief in herself.
I had the (mean)mother in the world. While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal and eggs. When had sugary drinks and candy for lunch, I had to eat a sandwich. But at least I __( be) alone. My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother _____ I did.
My mother knew where we were at all times. She knew _ our friends were. We had to wear clean clothes and take a bath every day. We had to be in bed _ 9:00 pm and up at 8:00 am. We wouldn’t sleep till noon like our friends. So while they slept, our mother gave us work to do. We had to wash dishes, make our beds, and learn to cook. I believe she lay awake at night _ (think) up mean things to do to us.
My mother was such a mother. Out of four _(child), a couple of us went on to higher education _of us have ever done bad things. She forced us to grow up into _ (educate)and honest people. I am trying to raise my kids like this. I will feel proud when My kids call me mean.
Having a good teacher do mean a lot to us students and I am lucky enough to have the one ----Miss Brown, my English teacher.
Miss Brown is a charming lady always worn a big smile on her face. In the first class she introduced her and then asked us to say something about ourselves with English. When it was my turn, I felt too shy and fearful that I didn’t dare to say a word. She came up to me and said, “Don’t afraid. You can make it. Just have a try.” At last, I did it quite good. She praised me for that I had done. Never shall I forgot my first English class in senior high school.
52.假如你是光明中学高三（1）班的李华， 上周你校举办了为期一周的“外语文化节”活动。请根据下表给你的英国笔友Leo 写信，介绍文化节的开展情况。