1. —I am going to drive home. —_______! You’ve drunk too much.
16. With jobs so hard _______ right now, the idea of being out of work really scares me.
17. It may be worth trying _______ the effort makes you uncomfortable.
18. A lack of vitamin D, the “sunshine” vitamin, may _______ back pain.
19. Green Gym gives people who _______ wouldn’t have access to gyms a chance to make a difference to their health.
20. —Please line up and take your turn. —Good. _______ .
15. Let’s focus on what you bring to society _______ on how much money you earn.
14. The power of a smile is amazing. It helps me stay _______ , even in bad times.
13. His speech touched the audience’s heart, _______ them to achieve their dreams.
2. As the number of _______ newborn babies decreases, more couples should be encouraged to have _______ second child.
3. You are not rich _______ you have something that money can’t buy.
4. If you care _______ you sit on the trip, check the website for guide to the best seats.
5. Thank you for inviting me, but _______ , I am not really a big fan of action movies.
6. Whatever the problem is, I always feel there has to be a _______ .
7. It was freezing. Not even the thickest jacket was enough to _______ the cold.
8. There’s _______ out there for everyone. You just have to wait for life to bring them into your life.
9. I left the tough job because I couldn’t _______ the pressure any longer.
10. I am mad when my wife insists on selling the house. I _______ she would decide that.
11. They couldn’t understand what she meant and simply looked at her _______ .
12. Children with parents _______ guidance is firm and reasonable are likely to possess high levels
People come in all shapes and sizes. They also come with different personalities. One’s personality can be summed up in a 21 . People might say Harry is shy and that Shannon is outgoing. 22 , personalities are more complex than this. A closer look at personalities will show you why they are not so 23 , and you will also discover that your personality can be shaped if you make the 24 .
Every person feels the same basic 25 , such as fear, happiness, anxiety and pain, yet each 26 them individually. When Kara’s grandmother died, 27 , her sorrow was expressed through tears. Another person might show the same kind of sorrow in a quiet way. 28 , when you hear a piece of good news, you may jump up with joy and may immediately 29 to throw a party for your classmates and friends to 30 your happiness and joy; another person may just keep the good news to himself or herself and just enjoy the happiness 31 . As you observe how people behave, you start to form a 32 of this part of their personality.
People are also 33 in how they relate to others. This shows the social side of their personality. Some people prefer the 34 of others rather than being alone. We say they are sociable. Others are just the opposite. Most people want some combination of the two.
Intellectual traits (智力特征) are the third part of personality. These qualities are influenced by the mind and 35 it works. One person may prefer spending his spare time in deep thought. Another may be more creative. Jake, for example, often has people in his class laughing. He sees humor in almost everything and is able to express it in 36 ways.
The emotional, social, and intellectual traits of personality become obvious to others 37 behavior. Usually you need to get to know a person well enough 38 you can discover the full depth of that person’s personality.
Personalities make people interesting. How 39 it would be if everyone had the same personality! Are you satisfied with your personality? Or is there something that you would like to 40 ? Most people have at least some personality adjustments they would like to make.
Selfie is a photograph taken of oneself, typically with a smartphone or webcam (网络摄像头) and uploaded to a social media website.
In the digital age, selfies have taken off in a way that no one could have predicted. The art of the selfie is one that lots of people have practiced and perfected in recent years. A recent study shows 91 percent of teens have posted a photo of themselves online. Some celebrities (名人) are regular selfie posters, too. It seems that selfies are more than just a trend. They are here to stay.
Why are selfies so popular? The appeal of selfies comes from how easy they are to create and share. And posting selfies is popular for another reason: you can control your own image. “I like having the power to choose how I look,” admits Samantha, a 19-year-old girl from Missouri, “even if I’m making a face.” Actually, the most common selfie is the one where you look cute, partly because it’s a quick way to get positive comments about your appearance. “If I feel pretty, I take one,” says Andrew, a 23-year-old girl from Maryland, “when other people Like (点赞) it, it’s a mini boost of confidence.”
Sure, showing off a new coat or that you’re at a cool event is fun, but can be a trap to fall in. There’s a danger that your self-respect may start to be tied to the comments and Likes you get when you post a selfie, and they aren’t based on who you are—they are based on what you look like. Seeking validation (认可) is totally normal, and it’s a healthy way for teenagers to develop their identity. But with social networks, where it’s easy to get quick approval almost constantly, the selfie thing can quickly go out of control. It may even start to feel like an addiction: when you get a “LIKE”, you’re up. But when you get nothing, your confidence can decrease quickly.
Overall, opinions vary on selfie culture. It’s up to you to shape the future of the habit. Ask yourself: are my selfies for fun, or do I need the comments? If you belong to the latter, it’s recommended that you change your view. That could mean cutting selfies out entirely or just cutting down and making them more fun. So maybe you like to travel, or read or dance, or create crazy 3-D nail art…post them! Take it from us: it’s so much more interesting.
41. According to the passage, selfie is a type of _______.
42. By saying “They are here to stay”, the writer believes_______.
43. People enjoy posting selfies partly because _______.
44. Paragraph 4 mainly talks about _______ of posting selfies online.
45. The writer may think it better for people to selfie for_______.
Nowadays, so many people are becoming interested in adventurous trip in the wild. No one intentionally gets lost in the wild, but circumstances such as weather conditions or medical emergencies may require the use of wilderness survival. With key survival techniques, a person can survive in the wild until help arrives. Here are some of the tips:
Remain dry to conserve body warmth. Do not intentionally get wet. Avoid frostbite by staying out of the wind. Uncovered skin can become frostbitten in a matter of seconds under the right conditions. Wind is the biggest factor. Stay out of direct sunlight and find shade where possible. Direct sun can cause heatstroke (中暑) or result in dehydration (脱水).
Look for a cave or other natural weather shelter. Check for other wildlife like bears, snakes before entering the shelter. Build a shelter with branches and with rope. Use as many branches as possible for added stability and protection against the wind and weather. If you are in a desert environment, try to build an underground shade shelter to avoid prolonged sun exposure so you can travel more comfortably in cooler temperatures.
Light a fire using one of several methods: matches or lighters if available; striking a flint (燧石) or a sharp edged rock with steel from a knife blade; focusing the sun through an eyeglass on cotton or dry grass or other excellent fire starting materials; using dry wood and sticks to start your fire: you can take two pieces of dry wood, sharpen one of them and use it to drill into the other piece, with anything easy to catch fire next to the drill bit. The moment the tiny wood pieces catch a spark, put them onto a nest of leaves or twigs or dry bark.
Humans can live without food longer than they do without water. Dig a hole with hands or a stick several feet from a river or lake. Let the hole fill in by itself and use that water to drink. Collect the dew, which is water. Drink sap (汁液) from birch trees or maple trees by cutting a branch with a knife or breaking it off. The sap is mostly water and slightly sweet. Follow dry river beds to the water source. Check a dry river bed at night and it may contain water not found during the day. Conserve water by traveling at night and resting in the shade during the day. Boil water for 15 minutes. Use iodine tablets (碘片) if available.
Eat only known plant specimens like berries, nuts and fruit. This is not the time to test your wild mushroom knowledge. Watch for signs of wildlife. If the animals eat it, it is probably safe for humans too. Dig up the roots of plants like wild onions and carrots to eat raw or boiled in water. Gather worms for protein. Maintain protein levels by capturing and eating available meat sources. Dig trap holes to catch rabbits or small mammals. Fish and snakes are also available sources of protein that require little hunting skill.
A quick way to get rescued is to create a smoke signal. Creating a visible SOS sign has the same effect.
Remember to take things you may need: survival kit, rope and tape, whistle, matches and tinder, pencil and very small notebook, brightly colored cloth, knife, water, tents, traps for hunting, a compass, a gun if possible.
46. You can find access to drinking water under the guidance of _______.
47. How many ways are mentioned on starting a fire without matches or lighters?
48. It is unwise to look for_______ as food in the wild.
49. The best title for this passage is ________.
We have a real crisis in this country in the basic understanding of science. It affects our global competitiveness as a country, our national security, and the effectiveness of our social system. The misunderstanding about science is blinding our eyes.
We know that an awful lot of teachers who are teaching science today have not been properly empowered to do so. School frequently isn’t testing whether you understand something but whether you’re familiar with it. What’s Newton’s second law? You say F=ma, and you get an A. That does not reflect a deep understanding of Newtonian mechanics. Science education is not just a body of facts; it’s a process. To present it with appeal and excitement you need to picture it as a detective story—asking questions, making observations, and collecting evidence. You test and you fail but, you know, failure can lead to discovery.
Another challenge we face is that science is often viewed as too hard, for experts only. But I don’t actually think it’s that difficult. People see science every day. They look outside and see weather and nature. They push a button in their house and the lights go on. Everybody’s dealing with science every day. They just don’t call it that. And it’s important they do. In fact, science is determining the quality and outcomes of their life.
Science needs creativity. And one of the best ways to be creative is to think “out of the box”. However, we need more courage when we come to practice. Take me for example. Very early in my teens I decided to educate myself. I realized I would never be a very good student because I didn’t like teachers judging me by what I thought were arbitrary (主观臆断的) standards. I decided I’d let the world judge me by whether I could do something of value—solve a problem or build something. That’s why I quit school early and risked everything to start a company. I risked everything I had because I had nothing to lose. I’d rather fail at trying to do something really big than succeed at being medium.
“When’s the right age to think creatively?” you may ask. I’d say in the womb (母腹)! Kids don’t have anxieties about trying to avoid failure. They are full of imagination and much more willing to fail. Just watch a 3-year-old. They touch everything, and if it hurts they don’t touch it again. They learn everything at a breathtaking rate. Start to think out of the box as early as you can, because it’s more likely to take you to places that you can’t predict, schedule and budget for. Do all that when you can bear the insecurity.
50. The author believes that they actually have a problem in________.
51. According to the passage, science teachers should ________.
52. Paragraph 3 indicates that _______.
53. The author takes his own example to say ________.
54. What’s the tone of the passage?
Mrs. Packletide intended to shoot a tiger. Not that the desire to kill had suddenly come to her, or that she felt she would leave India safer with one wild beast less. It was because Loona Bimberton had recently taken a plane to the forest and killed a tiger, and the newspapers showed photographs of Loona Bimberton with a tiger-skin on. In a world supposed to be moved by hunger and by love, Mrs. Packletide’s movements were largely governed by dislike of Loona Bimberton.
Circumstances proved favorable. Mrs. Packletide had offered a thousand rupees (印度卢比) for the opportunity of shooting a tiger without risk or effort, and it happened that an old tiger was frequently coming to a neighboring village at night. He was so old that he couldn’t kill animals in the wild and just satisfied his appetite to the smaller household animals. The villagers were eager to earn the thousand rupees; children were posted night and day in the jungle to watch the tiger, and the cheap goats were left about to keep him from going elsewhere. The one great fear was that he should die of old age before the day of Mrs. Packletide’s shoot.
The great night arrived. A platform had been built in a tree, on which sat Mrs. Packletide and her paid companion, Miss Mebbin. A goat with a loud bleat (咩咩叫) was tied down at the correct distance. With an accurate gun, they waited for the coming of the tiger.
“I suppose we are in some danger?” said Miss Mebbin.
She was not actually nervous about the wild beast, but she was unwilling to perform a bit more service than she had been paid for.
“It’s a very old tiger. It couldn’t spring up here even if it wanted to.” said Mrs. Packletide.
Their conversation was cut short by the appearance of the old tiger. He saw the goat, and lay on the earth for a short rest before attacking.
The gun fired very loudly, and the great yellow beast jumped to one side and then rolled over in the stillness of death. In a moment a crowd of excited villagers appeared on the scene, and their shouting carried the glad news to the village.
It was Miss Mebbin who found that the goat was dying from a bullet-wound, while no wound could be found on the tiger. Evidently the wrong animal had been hit, and the tiger had died of heart-failure, caused by the sudden loud noise of the gun. Mrs. Packletide was annoyed at the discovery; but anyway, she owned a dead tiger, and the villagers, anxious for their thousand rupees, gladly accepted the fiction that she had shot the tiger. And Miss Mebbin was a paid companion. Therefore Mrs. Packletide faced the cameras with a light heart, and her pictures appeared on the newspapers of England and America. As for Loona Bimberton, she refused to look at a newspaper for weeks, and was in a depressed emotion for quite some time.
Mrs. Packletide’s tiger-skin was inspected and admired by the neighbors, and Mrs. Packletide went to the Costume Ball in the character of Diana (狩猎女神).
“How amused everyone would be if they knew what really happened,” said Miss Mebbin a few days after the ball.
“What do you mean?” asked Mrs. Packletide quickly.
“How you shot the goat and frightened the tiger to death,” said Miss Mebbin, with her unpleasant laugh.
“No one would believe it,” said Mrs. Packletide, her face changing color rapidly.
“Loona Bimberton would,” said Miss Mebbin.
Mrs. Packletide’s face settled on greenish white. “You surely wouldn’t give me away?” she asked.
“I’ve seen a weekend cottage near Dorking,” said Miss Mebbin, “six hundred and eighty. Quite a bargain, only I don’t happen to have the money.”
Miss Mebbin possessed the pretty weekend cottage. Mrs. Packletide lost interest in animal-hunting.
“The extra expenses are so heavy,” she said to inquiring friends.
55. Mrs. Packletide planned to shoot a tiger because she ________.
56. The Indian villagers were afraid that the tiger might ________.
57. What did Mrs. Packletide want the villagers to arrange for her?
58. What was the result of Mrs. Packletide’s shooting?
59. Who might not know the truth of what happened that great night ?
60.What is the message conveyed in the story?
College is thrilling, but it’s also expensive, and you might be starting to live on a tight budget. Here’s a brand-new plan about how to get your finances in order. Trust us, and you’ll be well on your way to being a cash-saving queen. Your bank account will prosper and your wallet will never be light.
61.____________Whether you’re working your way through school or you receive an allowance, it’s easy to wonder where your money goes at college. Luckily, it’s also easy to find out: to see what you spend and where you’re spending it, try linking your debit card (借记卡) and bank accounts to some popular budgeting apps. That way, you’ll automatically know what you’ve spent the most on, which allows you to adjust your budget accordingly, and maybe even set some money aside.
62.____________ Do you need a large coffee Monday through Friday? No. Budgeting is a lot about compromise (妥协) and knowing what’s a desire VS. a necessity—which upsets you in the moment—but can help you in the long run. A $5 cup of coffee every day can add up fast to a huge amount of money. Your drinking habit might have bought you a new Macbook instead. However, that doesn’t mean you have to give up all your desires, though. Consider springing for a cool little coffee pot you can use in your dorm room, and set rules for yourself about how and when you’re allowed to splurge (挥霍).
63.____________ Many universities have resources that will help you with budgeting and planning. There also may be a credit union, so don’t be afraid to walk in and ask some questions. Credit unions can turn into a great place to apply for low-interest loans following graduation, and this time of life is often your first opportunity to start building a good credit score. Trust us: you are going to need it.
64.____________Building credit is super important. Mind your credit card balance. Your balance amount is going to have to get paid off eventually, with interest, so make sure you’re only spending what you’ll be able to wipe out at the end of the month, and never carry a balance for more than that. We also recommend you consider setting aside a reasonable amount of pocket money for impulse purchases.
65.____________ Budgeting when you don’t have a lot of money feels sort of impossible sometimes, and making money when you’re spending all your time studying also might seem out of reach. But it’s worth thinking about some of the less traditional paths to make money, like getting rid of unwanted wardrobe items at an online store. And you can also make a few dollars without too much effort while you’re camped out in front of the computer. Many college campuses run paid surveys, sometimes up to $25 to answer 20 minutes of questions.
A. Makemoney without affecting school work.
B. Guaranteepositive bank account balance.
C. Turnto campus resources for help.
D. Keeptrack of your expenses.
E. Differ“wants” from “needs.”
F. Stickto your budget.
67.在日常生活中，我们会向父母提这样或那样的要求。当父母没有满足你的要求时，你是怎么做的？请你以“When Parents Fail to Meet Our Demands”为题, 结合自己的一次经历，用英语写一篇100～120个词的短文。要求如下：
When Parents Fail to Meet Our Demands______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________