• 英语 海淀区2016年高三期末试卷
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单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

21.We need to master this technology immediately, ______ we will fall behind.

Abut

Bor

Cso

Dand

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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22.--- Jack, you look so great!

--- Thanks! I have lost 20 pounds since I ______ my personal trainer six months ago.

Ahired

Bhave hired

Chire

Dhad hired

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23.______ my father doesn’t say a lot in daily life, he gives me much love and affection.

ABecause

BWhen

CAlthough

DIf

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24.Yesterday we went to the library to do some reading, only to find that it ______.

Ahad closed

Bhad been closed

Cwill close

Dwill be closed

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25.Helen ran out of the classroom in tears, but no one knew ______ she was so sad.

Awhen

Bwhether

Cthat

Dwhy

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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26.The traffic in Beijing will be better when Subway Line 16 ______ into service.

Awould be put

Bwas put

Cwill be put

Dis put

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27.--- Henry, can you go to the concert tonight?

--- I’m afraid I can’t.I will give the ticket to ______ wants to enjoy it.

Asomeone

Bwhomever

Ceveryone

Dwhoever

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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28.In December of 2015, the Second World Internet Conference was held in Wuzhen, ______ theme    is to ensure peace and security in cyberspace.

Awhose

Bwhich

Cwhen

Dwhere

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29.______ your own needs is as important as learning to express your emotions.

AUnderstand

BUnderstanding

CUnderstood

DHaving understood

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30.It takes a long time to restore nature_______ it is damaged.

Asince

Bunless

Conce

Duntil

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31.It has been foggy for five days.How I wish it______ sunny now!

Awould be

Bwere

Chad been

Dis

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32.When someone turns away his body, it means impatience and a desire ____ a conversation.

Ato escape

Bescaped

Cescaping

Dhaving escaped

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33.Drivers are supposed to limit the speed in neighborhoods because children ____ be playing there.

Ashould

Bmust

Cmay

Dwould

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34.It’s bad for your eyes if you keep them ______ on the screen for a long time.

Afixed

Bfix

Cfixing

Dhaving fixed

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35.In ______ hottest reality show Running Man III, Luhan is ______ only new member.

Aa; 不填

Ba; an

Cthe; the

Dthe; 不填

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共70分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

B

Robotic Puppy

Roll over, sit and fetch aren’t commands normally given to a robot, but the smart toy company WowWee has developed a new way of owning a puppy.

CHIP (Canine Home Intelligent Pet) is a robotic dog with blue LED eyes and pointy ears and can sit, shake, dance and make all types of dog noises.It also has tracking capabilities to help locate its owner.“The beauty about CHIP is that it has its own thing going on,” said Sufer, CTO at WowWee.“It has its own life and own kind of intelligence.Even if you’re not around, it’s always doing something.”

CHIP uses wheels to get around and is loaded with sensors(传感器) that give it a 360-degree view to find its ball.The pup is Bluetooth enabled, which connects to a wristband worn by its owner.The wristband, similar to a watch, displays icons(图标)for different commands such as a thumb-up, which allows you to give your pup a digital belly rub.With its owner wearing a smart wristband, it can even follow him around the room.

“We worked on CHIP for about five to six months,” Davin Sufer, told dailymail.com, “We typically come up with a concept, model and product and get it on shelves within a year.” The company plans to start shipping units by next fall, which will allow them to load up the robotic dog with sensors and add many more animated responses per-owner interactivity.

The high-tech toy company made its debut(处女作)in 2004 by releasing the 1.5 foot RoboSapien, which sold millions of units.MiP, which hit shelves last year, is a seven inch tall robot covered in white with black accents.Users can direct it, change its emotions and make it dance to any song on your iPad.It’s loud, fast and active.

About 15 years ago, a company called ToyQuest developed the first ever electronic robotic dog---Tekno, the Robotic Puppy.The company sold over seven million units in the first season and 40 million more during its original four years of production.Tekno was built with over 160 emotions and instructions, but most importantly offered consumers a quick look into the future.

60.According to Sufer, the amazing characteristic of CHIP is that _____.

A.it is loaded with special sensors

B.it can make all kinds of dog noises

C.it has quick response to the commands

D.it can do something without instructions

61.CHIP can follow its owner with the help of _____.

A.a watch    

B.a smart wristband   

C.pointy ears   

D.blue LED eyes

62.From the passage, we can know_______.

A.CHIP can be bought in the store now

B.WowWee introduced its first product last year

C.Tekno provided the bright future of the robotic puppy

D.MiP is the first company to develop the robotic puppy

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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A

My daughter Kelly is a cautious person.She needs to warm up to situations, is hesitant to try new things.When with close friends, she becomes a leader who laughs loudly and chants, “Girls rule, boys drool.” But when that comfort zone is not around her, she is shy and nervous.

This has been challenging for me at times.“Shy” is not a word that I think has ever been used to describe me.But this has been a year of firsts for my girl that has filled her with a new sense of confidence.This year she moved to lap lane in swimming where she was preparing for a swim team.This year she learned to ride a bike without training wheels.And this year she completed her first kids’ triathlon (三项全能) .

On Saturday, with a thunderstorm coming soon and my son’s birthday party later in the day, we all went out in the dark of the morning for Kelly to participate in her first triathlon.We practiced transitions from swim to bike to run with her, we got all the equipment she’d need, and we kept talking about the race.But as we waited the two hours for the older kids to finish before her turn, she held my leg a little harder and told me she loved me a few too many times.She was nervous but trying to keep it together.

And then it was her turn.From the second she jumped into the water, my heart soared.My daughter transformed into the most confident human being I had ever seen.She dominated(主宰) that swim, crushed that bike ride and ran to the finish with the biggest smile on her face.

I can honestly say that I never felt so proud of someone in my entire life.It wasn’t because she did a sport or anything like that.It was because she was afraid of something and conquered(克服) that fear with confidence and a fire I hadn’t seen before.

All day I would find myself just looking over at her and smiling.She might be wearing the finalist medal but I felt like I won that day.I won the chance to see my girl shine.

Shine on, sweet baby.

56.Kelly is nervous when ________.

A.situations are new to her          

B.boys are around her

C.she changes into a leader          

D.she is away from her mom

57.We can know from Paragraph 3 ______.

A.the race began in the early morning

B.the whole family gave Kelly support

C.Kelly was eager for her turn in the race

D.Kelly prepared for her brother’s birthday party

58.Seeing Kelly’s performance in the race, the author felt ______.

A.excited and proud                  

B.anxious and uneasy

C.curious and concerned             

D.worried and hesitant

59.The author “felt like I won that day” because Kelly ______.

A.expressed love to her              

B.won the gold medal

C.took part in the sport               

D.overcame the fear

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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C

Does happiness have a scent?

When someone is happy, can you smell it?You can usually tell when someone is happy based on seeing them smile, hearing them laugh or perhaps from receiving a big hug.But can you also smell their happiness? Surprising new research suggests that happiness does indeed have a scent, and that the experience of happiness can be transmitted through smell, reports Phys.org.

For the study, 12 young men were shown videos meant to bring about a variety of emotions while researchers gathered sweat samples from them.All of the men were healthy and none of them were drug users or smokers, and all were asked to abstain from drinking or eating smelly foods during the study period.

Those sweat samples were then given to 36 equally healthy young women to smell, while researchers monitored their reactions.Only women were selected to smell the samples, apparently because previous research has shown that women have a better sense of smell than men and are also more sensitive to emotional signaling—though it's unclear why only men were chosen to produce the scents.

Researchers found that the behavior of the women after smelling the scents—particularly their facial expressions—indicated a relationship between the emotional states of the men who produced the sweat and the women who sniffed them.

“Human sweat produced when a person is happy brings about a state similar to happiness in somebody who breathes this smell,” said study co-author Gun Semin, a professor at Koc University in Turkey.

This is a fascinating finding because it not only means that happiness does have a scent, but that the scent is capable of transmitting the emotion to others.The study also found that other emotions, such as fear, seem to carry a scent too.This ensures previous research suggesting that some negative emotions have a smell, but it is the first time this has proved to be true of positive feelings.

Researchers have yet to isolate(分离) exactly what the chemical compound for the happiness smell is, but you might imagine what the potential applications for such a finding could be.Happiness perfumes, for instance, could be invented.Scent therapies(香味疗法)could also be developed to help people through depression or anxiety.Perhaps the most surprising result of the study, however, is our broadened understanding of how emotions get communicated, and also how our own emotions are potentially managed through our social context and the emotional states of those around us.What is the main finding of the new research?

A.Men produce more sweats.

B.Negative emotions have a smell.

C.Pleasant feelings can be smelt out.

D.Women have a better sense of smell.

64.The underlined part “abstain from” in Paragraph 3 probably means _________.

A.avoid          

B.practice             

C.continue           

D.try

65.What is the application value of the new research?

A.Perfumes could help people understand each other.

B.Some smells could be developed to better our mood.

C.Perfumes could be produced to cure physical diseases.

D.Some smells could be created to improve our appearance.

66.We can learn from the last paragraph that       .

A.happiness comes from a scent of sweat

B.positive energy can deepen understanding

C.people need more emotional communication

D.social surroundings can influence our emotions

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Conventional wisdom is a major barrier to innovation that threatens the survival of companies everywhere.It’s based on the assumption that old ideas will always work, so they shouldn’t be challenged.While this may be a valid assumption in situations that don’t change, it’s unlikely to hold true in a changing situation.In today’s rapid changing global environment, old methods often don't work, and stubbornly using them can lead to major problems.

Most people seem to agree with conventional wisdom because it gives one a false sense of security.If everyone else believes it, then it must be true.Individuals who use conventional wisdom are certain that they are right, and being right is good.They want to continue using old ideas rather than take risks with changes that might not work.In 1977, Ken Olsen, co-founder and CEO of Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), stated “There is no reason for any individual to have a computer in his home.” Despite being a dominant leader in the computer industry, DEC no longer exists.People seem to forget that since innovation is a change, there can be no innovation without change.Unfortunately, conventional wisdom prevents leaders, followers and companies from changing and therefore innovating.If companies don’t innovate, but their competitors do, the future is likely to be problematic.Breaking from conventional wisdom has led to many of the most innovative companies and products in history across many industries, so it has a powerful effect on business success.

Ted Turner (founder of CNN) knew little, if anything, about the news business, but he knew it was inconvenient to watch news only at the dinner hour, as was common before CNN.Turner’s solution was to create a cable channel dedicated to news 24 hours a day.The news establishment reflected conventional wisdom at the time, and predicted his idea would fail because no one wanted to watch the news all day.However, it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to understand that viewers don’t have to watch the news all day for the CNN to work.Viewers just have to watch when they want to get information.Due to conventional thinking, the critics failed to recognize the opportunity that was clear to Ted.They assumed that only what was familiar to them could work in the future.

Conventional wisdom prevents creativity, flexibility and risk-taking, so unconventional leaders enthusiastically break from it.To survive, thrive and maintain competitive advantage, companies must be flexible when reacting to change.

67.DEC has disappeared probably because ___________.

A.the consumers didn’t like its products

B.the leaders lacked the sense of security

C.the CEO stuck to the conventional ideas

D.the employees took many risks with changes

68.The founding of CNN is used as an example to prove _________.

A.missing opportunities could lead to failure

B.changing could contribute to business success

C.watching news at the dinner hour is convenient

D.conventional wisdom influences business success

69.What does the underlined part probably mean?

A.Rocket scientists can ensure the CNN works properly.

B.Most of the viewers don’t like to watch the news at work.

C.It’s necessary to understand when people watch the news.

D.It’s easy to know people needn’t watch the news all the time.

70.The passage is mainly written to tell us that ______.

A.old methods are changing with time

B.opportunities lead to business success

C.conventional wisdom limits innovation

D.successful companies need wise leaders

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Lost in the Post

How would you feel if the letter you penned carefully and posted to your favorite star ended up in the recycling bin? That's where unopened fan mail sent to singer Taylor Swift was found in Nashville.___71___

Swift’s management said it was an accident, but dealing with piles of letters is a burden for most public figures.According to the BBC reporter Jon Kelly, at the height of his fame, Johnny Depp was said to receive up to 10,000 letters a week.___72___

The dawn of the digital age in which public figures with a Twitter account can be messaged directly has made the process easier.The White House says it deals with 20,000 messages addressed to President Barack Obama each day.

Some celebrities don’t want letters.In 2008, Beatles drummer Ringo Starr said that he would throw them out because he was too busy.___73___ Robert Pattinson, star of the Twilight films, claims that he reads tonnes and tonnes of letters from fans, which takes up almost all his free time.

Many artists, however, outsource(外包) the task of opening, reading and replying.Sylvia “Spanky” Taylor, 58, has run a service in California that does just that since 1987.___74___ Most letters are simply declarations of affection and admiration, she says.A few ask for money.A small number contain threats which require her to contact the celebrity’s security team and law enforcement.

The biggest problem for Taylor is working out how to deal with the correspondence(通信).Presents such as soft toys are sent to local hospitals, and most of the letters just get shredded and recycled.

___75___ For some, this is enough, according to Lynn Zubernis, an expert at West Chester University.She says that the relationship between fan and celebrity may exist only in the mind of the former but it comes from a deeply-rooted human need for community.

A.Others do attempt to get through it themselves.

B.In fact, there is no alternative to deal with the problem.

C.How could he have enough time to skim through these letters one by one?

D.Typically, correspondence is acknowledged by a photo with a printed “signature”.

E.Accordingly, the correspondence problem has been difficult for the computer to automate

F.She and her staff deal with up to 20,000 items of mail a month on behalf of 26 celebrities.

G.This incident has caused a wide public concern about how the public figures deal with the   letters or mails from the fans.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

Deed a Day

It was a busy day as usual.I was making sandwiches and balancing the phone between my shoulder and chin.The washing machine sounded as my husband walked in with our daughters.We had only about twenty minutes to eat __36__ we had to take the girls to their next activity.My husband seemed a bit __37__ that dinner was not on the table.

That night, I had a heavy __38__, thinking we were becoming taskmasters on an assembly line (流水线).We had become too __39__ in our own tasks and not very considerate towards those around us.We needed to do something to bring back some meaning into our lives.It needed to be something that would __40__ our own agendas and energize us toward the common good.

I bought a notebook, named it “Our Deed Diary” and held a family meeting.I told my family I wanted us all to think about doing a __41__ for others every day.It could be for each other or for people outside our__42__.And we all needed to write it down in the notebook.

I thought one deed a day was too easy.However, it was actually __43__ than it seemed because it had to be something __44__ what we had already done.Sending birthday cards to people we already sent cards to every year would not __45__.

We had a rough __46__.On some days, someone would forget to __47__ a good deed, while on other days, we would forget to write our good deeds in the diary.After a few weeks though, I found myself waking up in the morning trying to __48__ what good deed I could do for someone that day.My daughters began to rush to me after school to __49_ me the good deed they had done.

Now, after a year, I am happy to say that it is making a(n) __50__ in our lives.Instead of always __51__ what the day will bring for us, we think about what we can do for someone else.

Who would have thought that trying to do a simple kindness a day would be so 52   ? I feel my daughters have felt inner joy that you can only __53__ by giving to someone else from your heart.The best thing is that you feel so great about doing something for someone else; you don't even look for or expect anything in __54__.So, when someone does return the favor, it is an enormous and positive __55_.

36.

A.though            

B.unless            

C.before            

D.While

37.

A.annoyed         

B.puzzled        

C.embarrassed     

D.frightened

38.

A.shoulder        

B.stomach        

C.foot             

D.heart

39.

A.absorbed    

B.interested         

C.confident        

D.successful

40.

A.repeat             

B.relate            

C.refocus        

D.recall

41.

A.kindness        

B.task            

C.job            

D.copy

42.

A.room            

B.home            

C.school            

D.town

43.

A.stranger            

B.sweeter        

C.harder         

D.bigger

44.

A.beyond              

B.from            

C.about            

D.between

45.

A.matter              

B.count            

C.last            

D.happen

46.

A.time    

B.life            

C.start             

D.idea

47.

A.praise            

B.check            

C.record            

D.do

48.

A.describe            

B.decide        

C.remember        

D.explain

49.

A.bring             

B.teach             

C.offer            

D.tell

50.

A.effort            

B.choice           

C.difference        

D.fortune

51.

A.forgetting        

B.believing        

C.knowing        

D.wondering

52.

A.tiring            

B.moving        

C.surprising        

D.rewarding

53.

A.experience        

B.imagine         

C.predict            

D.exchange

54.

A.silence            

B.return            

C.time            

D.order

55.

A.effect            

B.bonus            

C.attitude        

D.Contribution

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共35分。
1

(1)假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的班长李华, 你们班的外教Lisa已经结束本学期的教学工作回到美国,请代表你们班给她写一封邮件。

邮件的内容包括:

1.询问她的近况;

2.回顾在外教课上的收获;

3.表达对她的感谢和祝福。

注意

1.词数不少于50;

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear 

Lisa,________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________     

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

(2)

 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,以“A visit to the Museum of the Anti-Japanese War”为题,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件,介绍你们班同学参观抗日战争纪念馆的过程。 

注意:词数不少于60。

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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