• 英语 柳州市2017年高三第一次调研考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共85分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

A white shark shipped from New York and placed into an outdoor pool for a Kmart commercial in Los Angeles died after showing signs of distress, an official from the animal welfare group that monitored the production said on Thursday.

The American Humane Association (AHA), which certifies film and TV productions with animals, says everything possible was done to ensure the 1.5 meter shark's safety.

The shark's death follows lots of criticism of the use of animals in Hollywood productions. The animal rights group, people for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), which said it received details on the shark's death from two whistleblowers(揭发者), criticized the AHA in a letter over the shark's death."Sharks are sensitive animals who, in captivity(囚禁), require a highly specialized and controlled environment," the PETA letter read. "Given the delicate nature of this species, why would the AHA approve the transport and use of this animal?"

The shark was placed into a 227- liter outdoor tank in the Van Nuys suburb of Los Angeles, said Karen Rosa, a senior adviser of the AHA. She added that was a good amount of water for it. "We honestly don't know why the animal died. It was not being mistreated. It was not being harmed," Rosa said.

Early in the day, the shark seemed to be in good condition, but at one point they noticed it showed signs of distress. "As far as I know, it was immediately insisted upon that the animal receive specialized aquatic veterinarian(兽医) care," she said.

Oxygen was pumped into the tank and the shark was given a shot to try to stabilize it before it was transferred to an aquatic compound for care, where it died the same day, Rosa said.

The shoot was for a Kmart commercial, but a representative for the retailer could not disclose any details."We take this matter seriously and safety is always our first concern," the spokesman for Kmart said in a statement.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了一头鲨鱼被用于商业广告而死亡的事件。

21. The shark was shipped to Los Angeles for________.

Aa study by the AHA

Ba business activity

Ca film about animals

Da project by an animal welfare group

22. From the passage, we can learn that PETA ________.

Amonitor films and TV productions that have animals

Bsent a representative to the scene of the shoot

Cbelieved the shark received specialized care

Ddidn’t think the shark was transferred very well

23. What does Karen Rosa think of AHA?

AIt had done all that it needed to do.

BIt was against the rights of the animals.

CIt had found out the reason why the shark died.

DIt should be responsible for the shoot.

24. What is the best title for the passage?

ASharks Should be Forbidden for Commercial

BPETA Tries to Stop Shooting With Animals

CSharks Are Sensitive Animals in Captivity

DShark Brought to Los Angeles for Commercial Dies

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

It was fifteen past nine as Marie hurried into the office building where she was going to work.Her bus had inched along through the heavy traffic, making her a few minutes late for her very first job.She decided to start out half an hour earlier the next day.

Once inside the lobby, she had to stand at the elevators and wait several minutes before she could get on one going to the sixth floor.When she finally reached the office marked “Smith Enterprise”, she knocked at the door nervously and waited.There was no reply.She tapped on the door again, but still there was no answer.From inside the next office, she could hear the sound of voices, so she opened the door and went in.

Although she was sure it was the same office she had been in two weeks before when she had the interview with Mr. Smith, it looked quite different now.In fact, it hardly looked like an office at all.The employees were just standing around chatting and smoking.In the front of the room, somebody must have just told a good joke, she thought, because there was a loud burst of laughter as she came in.For a moment she had thought they were laughing at her.

Then one of the men looked at his watch, clapped his hands and said something to the others.Quickly they all went to their desks and, in a matter of seconds, everyone was hard at work.No one paid any attention to Marie.Finally she went up to the man who was sitting at the desk nearest to the door and explained that this was her first day in the office.Hardly looking up from his work, he told her to have a seat and wait for Mr.Smith, who would arrive at any moment.Then Marie realized that the day's work in the office began just before Mr.Smith arrived.Later she found out that he lived in Connecticut and came into Manhattan on the same train every morning, arriving in the office at 9:35, so that his staff knew exactly when to start working.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了第一次去“史密斯企业”的所见所感。

25.Marie could hardly recognize the office she went into because .

Ashe had been there only once

Bthe office seemed different

CMr. Smith was not in the office

Dthe employees laughed at her

26.The people in the office suddenly started working because

Atheir morning break ended

Bthey saw a stranger in the office

Cthe boss was about to arrive

Dno one wanted to talk to Marie

27.We can infer from the text that the employees of the company

Alacked devotion to the company

Bwere cold to newcomers

Cwere always punctual for work

Dwould start their work by listening to a joke

28.The best title for this text would be .

AAn Unpunctual Manager

BA Cold Welcome

CBetter Late Than Never

DPunctual Like A Clock

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. “I was a clothes addict.” he jokes. “I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled.” Today David wears casual clothes—khaki pants and a sports shirt—to the office. He hardly ever wears a necktie. “I am working harder than ever.” David says, “and I need to feel comfortable.”

More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work. In the United States, the change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual. In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday(but only on Friday).This became known as “dress-down Friday” or “casual Friday”. “What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing.” said business consultant Maisly Jones.

Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it’s easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code.” “A lot of young people don’t want to dress up for work,” says the owner of a software company, “so it’s hard to hire people if you have a conservative(保守的)dress code.” Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale(心境,士气). Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative influence on productivity. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. “Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,” one person said. “For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了穿休闲装在工作中的好处及其发展过程。

29. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because .

Athey make him feel at ease when working

Bhe cannot afford to buy expensive clothes

Che looks handsome in casual clothes

Dhe no longer works for any company

30. According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

ACompany workers started to dress down about fifty years ago.

BDress-down has become an everyday phenomenon since the early 90s.

C“Dress-down Friday” was first given as a favor from employers.

DMany workers want to wear casual clothes to impress people.

31. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT .

Asaving employees’ money

Bmaking employees more attractive

Cimproving employees’ motivation

Dmaking employees happier

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

Men are spending more and more time in the kitchen encouraged by celebrity (名人) chefs like Gordon Ramsay and Jamie Oliver, according to a report from Oxford University.

The effect of the celebrity role models, who have given cooking a more manly picture, has combined with a more general drive towards sexual equality and men now spend more than twice the amount of time preparing meals than they did in 1961.

According to the research by Prof. Jonatahn Gershuny, who runs the Centre for Time Research at Oxford, men now spend more than half an hour a day cooking, up from just 12 minutes a day in 1961.

Prof. Gershuny said, “The man in the kitchen is part of a much wider social trend. There has been 40 years of sexual equality, but there is another 40 years probably to come.”

Women, who a generation ago spent nearly two hours a day cooking, now spend just one hour and seven minutes—a great fall, but they still spend far more time in the kitchen than men.

Some experts have named these men in aprons as “Gastrosexuals (men using cooking skills to impress friends)”, who have been inspired to pick up a kitchen knife by the success of Ramsay, Oliver as well as other male celebrity chefs such as Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Marco Pierre White and Keith Floyd.

“I was married in 1974. When my father came to visit me a few weeks later, I was wearing an apron when I opened the door. He laughed,” said Prof. Gershuny. “That would never happen now.”

Two-thirds of adults say that they come together to share at least three times a week, even if it is not necessarily around a kitchen or dining room table. Prof. Gershuny pointed out that the family meal was now rarely eaten by all of its members around a table—with many “family meals” in fact taken on the sofa in the sitting room, and shared by family members. “The family meal has changed a lot, and few of us eat—as I did when I was a child—at least two meals a day together as a family. But it has survived in a different format.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者探究男人花在烹饪上的时间变长而女人相反花的时间变短,以及这些变化的原因。

32. What is one reason behind the trend that men spend more time cooking than before?

AThe improvement of cooks’ status.

BThe influence of popular female chefs.

CThe change of female’s view on cooking.

DThe development of sexual equality campaign.

33. What does the author think about the time men and women spend on cooking?

AMen spend more time cooking than women nowadays.

BWomen spend much less time on cooking than before.

CIt will take 40 years before men spend more time at the stove than women.

DThere is a sharp decline in the time men spend on cooking compared with 1961.

34. How did Prof. Gershuny see the family meal according to the passage?

AIt has become a thing of the past.

BIt is very different from what it used to be.

CIt shouldn’t be advocated in modern times.

DIt is beneficial to the stability of the family.

35. Which is the best title for the passage?

AThe Changes of Family Meals

BEquality between Men and Women

CCooking into a New Trend for Men

DCooking—a Thing of the Past for Women

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

 In winter, I oftenwalk in a nearby park during lunch time. The park is quiet, as   41   people havethe time to enjoy the winter sun on a weekday. The two people that are oftenseen are a middle-aged father and his little daughter   42   her school uniform. The father looks like hehas all the time in the world—he   43   to hurry along the jogging path; instead hematches his pace with   44   ofthe little girl. Sometimes they are lying   45   in the sun, laughing and chatting.

Theman certainly doesn’t look   46  . What sort of job can he have that giveshim the flexibility to walk in the park in the middle of the day?

And today, we   47   sat on the rocks and had a little chat. “You   48   enjoy the park very much to come here sooften,” I said. The father nodded. “How” I asked curiously,  “do you   49   to leave your office to be with your daughterevery day?”

Thestory that the father, Satyendra Dugbey, told me showed me how, if we   50   under the surface, even ordinary people’s lifecan be quite   51  .

“Iused to be no different from any of those thousands of office workers   52   to work every day,” he began. His wife and hewere well   53   but rarely managed time off for leisure.

Everythingchanged after an accident   54   Dugbey was hit by a car. As he lay in hospital,terrifying thoughts   55   his mind. “How would my daughter, then onlyfour, remember me if I died that day?” “Would my daughter have   56   of being with her father?”

Themoment he recovered and went back to work, Dugbey took time off at lunch,   57   her daughter from school which was just nextdoor to his working place, and took her to the park.

Itwas actually a very small change he’d made, he said, but it amazed him everyday to see the difference it   58   tohis life. “It brings me so much   59   that I can’t believe why others haven’tthought of doing the same thing.” he said simply.

Igot up to continue my   60   walk, unexpectedly happy after his story.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者讲述了一位父亲在遭遇车祸后,陪女儿度过闲暇时光,却让人们看到并感受到了美好。

37.

AStill, people say every dog has its day.

BWe do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

CSome people are compared to dogs in bad ways.

DDogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people.

EThere are many other expressions waiting for you to explore.

FThat means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs.

GThey take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care.

38.

AStill, people say every dog has its day.

BWe do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

CSome people are compared to dogs in bad ways.

DDogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people.

EThere are many other expressions waiting for you to explore.

FThat means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs.

GThey take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care.

39.

AStill, people say every dog has its day.

BWe do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

CSome people are compared to dogs in bad ways.

DDogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people.

EThere are many other expressions waiting for you to explore.

FThat means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs.

GThey take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care.

40.

AStill, people say every dog has its day.

BWe do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

CSome people are compared to dogs in bad ways.

DDogs are their best friends and they are loyal to people.

EThere are many other expressions waiting for you to explore.

FThat means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs.

GThey take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

In winter, I often walk in a nearby park during lunch time. The park is quiet, as 41 people have the time to enjoy the winter sun on a weekday. The two people that are often seen are a middle-aged father and his little daughter 42 her school uniform. The father looks like he has all the time in the world—he 43 to hurry along the jogging path; instead he matches his pace with 44 of the little girl. Sometimes they are lying 45 in the sun, laughing and chatting.

The man certainly doesn’t look 46 . What sort of job can he have that gives him the flexibility to walk in the park in the middle of the day?

And today, we 47 sat on the rocks and had a little chat. “You 48 enjoy the park very much to come here so often,” I said. The father nodded. “How” I asked curiously, “do you 49 to leave your office to be with your daughter every day?”

The story that the father, Satyendra Dugbey, told me showed me how, if we 50 under the surface, even ordinary people’s life can be quite 51 .

“I used to be no different from any of those thousands of office workers 52 to work every day,” he began. His wife and he were well 53 but rarely managed time off for leisure.

Everything changed after an accident 54 Dugbey was hit by a car. As he lay in hospital, terrifying thoughts 55 his mind. “How would my daughter, then only four, remember me if I died that day?” “Would my daughter have 56 of being with her father?”

The moment he recovered and went back to work, Dugbey took time off at lunch, 57 her daughter from school which was just next door to his working place, and took her to the park.

It was actually a very small change he’d made, he said, but it amazed him every day to see the difference it 58 to his life. “It brings me so much 59 that I can’t believe why others haven’t thought of doing the same thing.” he said simply.

I got up to continue my 60 walk, unexpectedly happy after his story.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。作者讲述了一位父亲在遭遇车祸后,陪女儿度过闲暇时光,却让人们看到并感受到了美好。

41.

Afew

Ba few

Clittle

Da little

42.

Aon

Bin

Cwith

Dunder

43.

Atends

Bintends

Cinspires

Drefuses

44.

Ait

Bthat

Cthis

Dthose

45.

Aheavily

Btiredly

Clazily

Dlonely

46.

Aunemployed

Buntrained

Cuntested

Dunwanted

47.

Atruly

Bgenerally

Centirely

Dfinally

48.

Acan

Bshould

Cmust

Dwould

49.

Asucceed

Bfail

Cmanage

Dstruggle

50.

Adig

Bpush

Cclean

Dknock

51.

Aextraordinary

Bflexible

Cpeaceful

Dreliable

52.

Ahurrying

Bwandering

Chesitating

Dhating

53.

Adown

Bover

Cabove

Doff

54.

Aunder which

Bin which

Cat which

Don which

55.

Acame up

Bcame about

Ccame out

Dcame into

56.

Aassociation

Bmemories

Cmisunderstanding

Dconsideration

57.

Apicked up

Bpicked out

Ctook up

Dtook out

58.

Atook

Bled

Cmade

Dgot

59.

Alove

Bjoy

Crelief

Ddepression

60.

Along-suffering

Blong-lost

Clong-forgotten

Dlong-lasting

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or blown for boys?

The answer depends largely 61 cultural values as well as personal experiences. To the Egyptians, green was a color 62 represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures. During the Spring Festival in China, children 63 (give) money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect 64 against evils(灾祸).

People’s 65 (choose) of colors is also influenced by their bodies’ reactions toward them. Green is said to be 66 most restful color. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally 67 physically. People 68 (work) in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches.

Red can cause a person’s blood pressure to rise and increase people’s appetites(食欲). Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. And many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that 69 (easy) catches a person’s eye.

Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue is believed to cause people to lose appetite. So 70 you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了一些颜色在不同地域代表的一些意思。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共10分。
1

短文改错

Last weekend we went mountain-climbing. Even the heavy rain in the morning could not prevent us go. Setting off very early, we went along an extreme narrow road, all in high spirits. On every side of the road were green fields and some farm house. We could hear the sound of the rain and our footsteps mixing with our laughter. At noon we reached top of the mountain. That surprised us most was the beauty of the scenery there. After having a short rest and sharing with the food we had brought, we started going down. It rained even harder. We are wet, and we still sang and laughed  happily.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

假设你是李华。昨天你参加了学校组织的演讲比赛,并获得一等奖。由于刚回美国度假的外籍教师Brooke对你的参赛提供了许多帮助,现在你想用英语给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
1.介绍参赛情况;   2.告知获奖;   3.表达获奖感受。

词数:100字左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Brooke,

I am writing to tell you that I took the English Speech Contest held in my school yesterday.

_____________________________________________________________________________

Yours,                                                                   Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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