How do you procrastinate(拖延) ?
Each school year leads to a constant cycle of trying to get ourselves to sit down, focus, and complete our schoolwork, as everything else suddenly seems much more interesting. The Internet is an obvious choice for most short journeys into the thick(最激烈处) of procrastination, but what do people do offline ? We surveyed several students to see what they do to avoid responsibilities in the real world.
We asked students about their offline modes of procrastniation.
“when I need to procrastinate , I will sing and dance in front of a mirror as much as I possibly can to avoid thinking about the problem. And I was very happy when I found out that my room had two mirrors, because it allowed for multi-dimensional dancing”
“I procrastinate by clipping my nails. Sometimes I even paint them”
------Julia Irion ,fourth-year English and Portuguese
“Usually when I have a ot of work to do, I just take naps, even if I’m not tired , so that I can avoid all of my responsibilities!”
------Jack McCrossin, first-year Urban studies
“One way that I procrastinate is just reading a book in the backyard. But not a school book, obviously . I like to read romance novels.”
------Ferry Anthony , fourth-year Philosophy and Religion
“I just play around with make-up and skin-care and other fun things!”
-----Sylvia Battaglia, third-year Political Science and Philosopy
“I guess I procrastinate by socializing with my roommates. Mostly chatting about school , work , life, and online games . Ironically（讽刺的是）, I spend a portion of my offline procrastination talking with my roommates about how I procrastinate online”
------Thomas Zheng, second-year Biochemistry and Chemistry
21. What is an obvious choice for students to procrastinate?（）
22. Which is included in the Julia Irion’s activity of procrastniation？ （）
23.What does Thomas Zheng think is ironical ?（）
My divorce was now final and I needed to find a new home for me and my six-year-old son, Dash. A few days earlier I’d seen an ad. I was willing to try anything, so I contacted the owner, a woman named Camille. When she e-mailed me back I discovered she wasn’t renting a house at all. She was renting the attic (阁楼) apartment. I left her a message calling off our meeting.
But Camille called me back and insisted I come over. So here I was. I pulled the car to a stop and looked up at the tiny cottage. The house was small as it was. The attic window looked too tiny to let much light in. We couldn’t live in a dark, depressing place. I could make do(凑合) with almost anything. But Dash needs a good home, a place he really feels safe.
No sense in wasting her time or mine. I knocked. The woman who opened the door was small and bright-eyed. She was much older than I’d guessed, but I could see she had the energy of someone half her age. She looked so sympathetic（有同情心的） that I found myself wanting to keep talking to her."We have to leave our home,"I explained."My marriage ended. I only have a few days to find something else, but I want it to be right."09
Camille nodded."You’re a good mother. You never know the miracles that await(等待) you around the corner." Camille walked me to the door and wished me well. I got back in the car and snapped out of it. I drove off slowly, hoping to make the feeling last. I turned down a side street I didn’t recognize. I glanced out of the side window. Just up ahead was a cottage with a sign out in front: for rent.
I pulled over. I found the owners had just bought the house themselves and were decorating it, hoping to find the perfect renters. They took me on a tour of the house that was like a copy of my list: a big bedroom for Dash, a backyard with trees, and a great school nearby. The house was meant for us!
Camille was right. Miracles await us, just around the corner.
24．How did the author feel after receiving Camille’s e-mail?（）
25．Why must the author find a good place?（）
26．What does the underlined part"snapped out of it"probably mean?（）
27．What message does the passage mainly convey?（）
Body awareness helps children figure out how they can move their bodies and understand the concept of space and how it relates to their bodies. There are many fun games and songs that teach children body awareness and encourage them to move their bodies. Simon Says is a great example of such games, as long as you allow all children to continue playing instead of removing children who do not follow the directions correctly. Children who do not follow the directions correctly are generally the very ones that need to play the game most. Each time you call out an instruction - touch your toes/raise your arms/tap your head, the children are mentally relating the name of the body part to their own bodies.
Do you remember the game Statue, or maybe you call it Freeze? The teacher plays music, and when the music stops, the children “freeze”. To add an element of learning about body parts, add this instruction: When the music stops, you freeze except for the body part that I call out when the music stops; So if you call “Hands”, everyone should freeze except for their hands, which should be moving. Children love this variation of the game, and it teaches them to listen and learn body parts.
Listening to songs also helps teach children's body awareness. One of the songs is If You're Happy and You Know It. Although the standard refrains (副歌曲调) tell you to “clap your hands" and " stamp your feet”, you can try lots of fun verses: wiggle your fingers, pull your ears, knock your knees and touch your head, etc.
Children enjoy guessing games, too. Try giving clues about which body part you are describing. For example, "I am thinking about a body part that I smell with. It is right under my eyes and right over my mouth. What am I thinking about?" To help thinking and language skills, encourage children to make up the clues for a body part.
Children should enter school with a basic understanding of their bodies. Children programs can promote this understanding by including develop - mentally appropriate and fun activities into curriculum that teach children about their amazing bodies!
28.The reason why children who do not follow the directions correctly is that they____.
29.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?（）
30.Which of the following games could possibly be beneficial to thinking and speaking?（）
31.The author's purpose in writing the passage is to tell us ________.
Dreams can be familiar and strange, fantastical or boring, but some dreams might be connected to the mental processes that help us learn. In a recent study, scientists found a connection between nap-time dreams and better memory in people who were learning a new skill.
In the study, 99 college students between the ages of 18 and 30 each spent an hour on a computer, trying to get through a virtual maze（迷宫）.The maze was a different place each time they tired—making it even more difficult. They were also told to find a particular picture of a tree and remember where it was.
For the first 90 minutes of a five-hour break, half of the participants stayed awake and an half were told to take a short nap . Participants who stayed awake were asked to describe their thoughts. Participants who took a nap were asked about their dreams after sleeping—and they were awakened within a minute of sleeping to describe their dreams. Stickgold, a neuroscientist（神经科学家）,wanted to know what people were dreaming about when their eyes weren’t moving during sleep.
Four of the 50 people who slept said their dreams were connected to the maze. Some dreamed about the music that had been playing when they were working ; Others said they dreamed about seeing people in the maze. When these four people tried the computer maze again, they were able to find the tree faster than before their naps.
Stickgold suggests the dream itself doesn’t help a person learn—it’s the other way around.He suspects that the dream was caused by the brain processes associated with learning.
All four of the people who dreamed about the task had done poorly the first time, which makes Stickgold wonder if the dreams show up when a person finds a new task particularly difficult. People who had other dreams, or people who didn’t take a nap, didn’t show the same improvement.
32. After having a short nap, participants of the experiment were asked to____.
33. What can we leam from the text?（）
34. According to Stickgold, ____.
35. What is the best title for this text?（）
Creating a reader-friendly home
A home filled with reading material is a good way to help kids become enthusiastic readers. What kind of books should you have? Ask your kids about their interests. bd blank
Here are some other tips:
Collect board books or books with mirrors and different textures(质地) for babies. Preschoolers enjoy alphabet books, rhyming books, and picture books. Elementary-age kids will enjoy variety: fiction, nonfiction, and poetry, plus dictionaries and other reference books.
Keep reading material handy.
Keep sturdy(耐用的) books with other toys for easy exploration. Books near the changing table and high chair can be helpful distractions for younger kids at appropriate moments. bd blank Keep books next to comfortable chairs and sofas where you cuddle up （蜷缩着睡）so you can read after feedings and before naps.
Create a special reading place.
As kids grow, keep age-appropriate books and magazines on shelves they can reach in their favorite places around the house. bd blank Place some of the books with the covers facing out so they're easy to spot. Put a basket full of books and magazines next to their favorite places to sit. Create a cozy reading corner, and encourage kids to use it by setting up "reading corner time" each day.
Keep it appealing.
Make sure reading areas have good lighting. Change the materials often — add seasonal books, change different magazines, and include books that relate to what kids are interested in or studying in school. bd blank . Place a CD or tape player nearby for audio books.
A. If they're too young to have a preference, your local librarian can offer suggestions about age-appropriate books.
B. Decorate the corner with your child's artwork or writing.
C. Make these shelves appealing and keep them organized.
D. Plastic books can even go in the bathtub.
E. Keep a varied selection.
F. Encourage kids to create their own reading
G. Try to teach kids some artwork on their own.
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
We all love watching fireworks,from the attractive shows on the Fourth of July (a national holiday in the US) to the Roman candle burning in the backyard. But let's stop and bd blank the price we pay for just a few minutes of bd blank .
First,the amount of money we spend on fireworks is bd blank . The excitement is gone bd blank . Let's face it,what we really are doing is burning bd blank . Yet,year after year,thousands of cities and towns spend our tax dollars on fireworks displays. Those tax dollars would be bd blank to much better use feeding our hungry and housing our homeless.
Second, there is the matter of bd blank . Fireworks contain chemicals that are harmful to people and animals. Over the years,these chemicals will bd blank the air we breathe and the water we drink.
Third, let's consider the trash left behind after a fireworks bd blank . What a bd blank !One would probably bd blank that those who set off the fireworks would have the politeness to bd blank the trash afterwards. bd blank ,they don't. The mess they leave behind bd blank the kind of attitude many Americans have toward our bd blank .
Fourth, fireworks are bd blank . Some fireworks can damage your bd blank ,especially the fireworks used in public displays that give off a big BANG. Losing your hearing is too high a price to pay.
bd blank all the safety warnings,we still see injuries and deaths as a result of fireworks. Approximately 10,000 Americans are injured every year by fireworks.
In my view,all consumer fireworks should be bd blank . Public fireworks displays should be kept to a minimum and should be paid for through volunteer funding,not tax dollars. Finally,those people in charge of fireworks displays should be bd blank for cleaning up the mess they make.
One afternoon I was sitting at my favorite table in a restaurant, waiting for the food I had ordered bd blank__________( arrive). Suddenly I noticed that a man bd blank _______ (sit) at a table near the window ke bd blank 64. ___________ (open)in front of him, which he was pretending to read, but I could see that he was keeping an eye bd blank _____me. When the waiter brought my food , the man was bd blank _____ (clear) puzzled by the familiar way bd blank ______the waiter and I chatted with each other. He seemed even more puzzled as time went on and it became clear that all the bd blank ____(waiter) in the restaurant knew me. Finally he bd blank ____(get) up and went into the kitchen.When he came out, he paid his bill and left. I called the bd blank _____ (own) of the restaurant and asked what was the matter with the man .“Well,”he said, “that man was a detective（侦探）. He followed you here because he thought you were the man he was looking for.”
I like riding my bike.Though it is not very new，but it is my best friend.I find very convenient to go anywhere with a bike.Riding gives me not only exercises but also pleasure.I use my bike most in summer when the weather is warm and dry.It can be very unpleasant in winter which it is cold and wind is blowing heavy.It can also be very dangerous.Of course I will be very careful in my bike.In fact，accidents are not the only problem.One day I went to school and come back to find the front wheel was missing.It was the long walk to the repairer shop.Now I have two strong locks.