• 2020年高考真题 英语B卷 (全国I卷)
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

1.  Where does the conversation probably take place?

AIn a supermarket

BIn the post office

CIn the street

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

2. What did Carl do?

AHe designed a medal

BHe fix a Tv set

CHe took a test

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

4.When will the flight arrive

AAt 18:20

BAt 18:35

CAt 18:50

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

6. What does Bill often do on Friday night?

AVisit his parents

BGo to the moves

CWalk along Broadway.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

10. What kind of camera does the man want?

AA TV camera

BA video camera

CA movie camera

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

3. What does the man do?

AHe’s a tailor

BHe’s a waiter

CHe’s a shop assistant

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

5.How can the man improve his article?

ABy deleting unnecessary words

BBy adding a couple of points

CBy correcting grammar mistakes

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

7. Who watches musical plays most often?



CBill's parents

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

8. Why does David want to speak to Mike?

ATo invite him to a party.

BTo discuss a schedule.

CTo call ofl a meeting.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

9 What do we know about the speakers?

AThey are colleagues

BThey are close friends.

CThey've never met before

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

11.Which function is the man most interested in?

AUnderwater filming.

BA large memory.


分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

14.Who suggested that Norman paint for children's books?

AHis wife.


CA publisher.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

18. Why do people have small talk?

ATo express opinions.

BTo avoid arguments.

CTo show friendliness.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

19. Which of the following is a frequent topic in small talk?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

12.How much would the man pay for the second camera?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

13.Who is Clifford?

AA little girl.

BThe man's pet.

CA fictional character.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

15. What is Norman's story based on?

AA book.

BA painting.

CA young woman.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

16.What is it that shocked Norman?

AHis unexpected success.

BHis efforts made in vain.

CHis editor's disagreement.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

17. Who would like to make small talk according to the speaker?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

20. What does the speaker recommend at the end of his lecture?

AAsking open-ended questions.

BFeeling free to change topics.

CMaking small talk interesting.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)



Train Information

All customers travelling on TransLink services must be in possession of a valid ticket before boarding.For ticket information,please ask at your local station or call 13 12 30.

While Queensland Rail makes every effort to ensure trains run as scheduled,there can be no guarantee of connections between trains or between train services and bus services.

Lost property(失物招领)

Call Lost Property on 13 16 17 during business hours for items lost on Queensland Rail services.

The lost property office is open Monday to Friday 7:30am to 5:00pm and is located(位于)at Roma Street station.

Public holidays

On public holidays,generally a Sunday timetable operates.On certain major event days,i.e.

Australia Day, Anzac Day,sporting and cultural days, special additional services may operate.

Christmas Day services operate to a Christmas Day timetable,Before travel please visit translink.com.au or call TransLink on 13 12 30 anytime.

Customers using mobility devices

Many stations have wheelchair access from the car park or entrance to the station platforms.

For assistance,please Queensland Rail on 13 16 17.

Guardian trains (outbound)

21. What would you do get ticker information?

ACall 13 16 17

BVisit translink .com.au.

CAsk at the local station.

DCheck the train schedule.

22. At which station can you find the lost property office?


BRoma Street.

CVarsity Lakes

DFortitude Valley.

23. Which train would you take if you go from Central to Varsity Lakes?





分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Returning to a book you’ve read many times can feel like drinks with an old friend.There’s a welcomefamiliarity — but also sometimes a slight suspicion that time has changedyou both, and thus the relationship. But books don’t change,people do.And that’s whatmakes the act of rereading so rich and transformative.

The beauty of rereading lies in the idea that our bond with the work is based on ourpresent mental register. It’s true, the older I get, the more I feel time has wings. But withreading, it’s all about the present. It’s about the now and what one contributes to the now,because reading is a give and take between author and reader. Each has to pull their ownweight.

There are three books I reread annually The first, which I take to reading every spring isEmest Hemningway’s A Moveable Feast. Published in 1964, it’s his classic memoir of 1920s Paris.The language is almost intoxicating (令人陶醉的),an aging writer looking back on an ambitiousyet simpler time. Another is Annie Dillard’s Holy the Firm, her poetic 1975 ramble (随笔)about everything and nothing. The third book is Julio Cortazar’s Save Twilight: SelectedPoems, because poetry. And because Cortazar.

While I tend to buy a lot of books, these three were given to me as gifs, which mightadd to the meaning I attach to them. But I imagine that, while money is indeed wonderful andnecessary, rereading an author’s work is the highest currency a reader can pay them. The bestbooks are the ones that open further as time passes. But remember, it’s you that has to growand read and reread in order to better understand your friends.

24. Why does the author like rereading?

AIt evaluates the writer-reader relationship.

BIt’s a window to a whole new world.

CIt’s a substitute for drinking with a friend.

DIt extends the understanding of oneself.

25. What do we know about the book A Moveable Feas!?

AIt’s a brief account of a trip.

BIt’s about Hemingway’s life as a young man.

CIt’s a record of a historic event.

DIt’s about Hemingway’s friends in Paris.

26. What does the underlined word"currency" in paragraph 4 refer to?




DFace value.

27. What can we infer about the author from the text?

AHe loves poetry.

BHe’s an editor.

CHe’s very ambitious.

DHe teaches reading.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


The connection between people and plants has long been the subject of scientific research.Recent studies have found positive effects. A study conducted in Youngstown,Ohio,for example, discovered that greener areas of the city experienced less crime. In another,employees were shown to be 15% more productive when their workplaces were decorated with houseplants.

The engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT)have taken it a step further changing the actual composition of plants in order to get them to perform diverse,even unusual functions. These include plants that have sensors printed onto their leaves to show when they’re short of water and a plant that can detect harmful chemicals in groundwater. "We’re thinking about how we can engineer plants to replace functions of the things that we use every day,"explained Michael Strano, a professor of chemical engineering at MIT.

One of his latest projects has been to make plants grow(发光)in experiments using some common vegetables. Strano’s team found that they could create a faint light for three-and-a-half hours. The light,about one-thousandth of the amount needed to read by,is just a start. The technology, Strano said, could one day be used to light the rooms or even to turn tree into self-powered street lamps.

in the future,the team hopes to develop a version of the technology that can be sprayed onto plant leaves in a one-off treatment that would last the plant’s lifetime. The engineers are also trying to develop an on and off"switch"where the glow would fade when exposed to daylight.

Lighting accounts for about 7% of the total electricity consumed in the US. Since lighting is often far removed from the power source(电源)—such as the distance from a power plant to street lamps on a remote highway-a lot of energy is lost during transmission(传输).

Glowing plants could reduce this distance and therefore help save energy.

32. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

AA new study of different plants.

BA big fall in crime rates.

CEmployees from various workplaces.

DBenefits from green plants.

33. What is the function of the sensors printed on plant leaves by MIT engineer?

ATo detect plants’ lack of water

BTo change compositions of plants

CTo make the life of plants longer.

DTo test chemicals in plants.

34. What can we expect of the glowing plants in the future?

AThey will speed up energy production.

BThey may transmit electricity to the home.

CThey might help reduce energy consumption.

DThey could take the place of power plants.

35. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

ACan we grow more glowing plants?

BHow do we live with glowing plants?

CCould glowing plants replace lamps?

DHow are glowing plants made pollution-free?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Race walking shares many fitness benefits with running, research shows, while most likely contributing to fewer injuries. It does, however, have its own problem.

Race walkers are conditioned athletes. The longest track and field event at the Summer Olympics is the 50-kilometer race walk, which is about five miles longer than the marathon. But the sport’s rules require that a race walker’s knees stay straight through most of the leg swing and one foot remain in contact (接触) with the ground at all times. It’s this strange form that makes race walking such an attractive activity, however, says Jaclyn Norberg, an assistant professor of exercise science at Salem State University in Salem, Mass.

Like running, race walking is physically demanding, she says, According to most calculations, race walkers moving at a pace of six miles per hour would burn about 800 calories(卡路里) per hour, which is approximately twice as many as they would burn walking, although fewer than running, which would probably burn about 1,000 or more calories per hour.

However, race walking does not pound the body as much as running does, Dr. Norberg says. According to her research, runners hit the ground with as much as four times their body weight per step, while race walkers, who do not leave the ground, create only about 1.4 times their body weight with each step.

As a result, she says, some of the injuries associated with running, such as runner’s knee, are uncommon among race walkers. But the sport’s strange form does place considerable stress on the ankles and hips, so people with a history of such injuries might want to be cautious in adopting the sport. In fact, anyone wishing to try race walking should probably first consult a coach or experienced racer to learn proper technique, she says. It takes some practice.

28. Why are race walkers conditioned athletes?

AThey must run long distances.

BThey are qualified for the marathon.

CThey have to follow special rules.

DThey are good at swinging their legs.

29. What advantage does race walking have over running?

AIt’s more popular at the Olympics.

BIt’s less challenging physically.

CIt’s more effective in body building.

DIt’s less likely to cause knee injuries.

30 What is Dr. Norberg’s suggestion for someone trying race walking?

AGetting experts’ opinions.

BHaving a medical checkup.

CHiring an experienced coach.

DDoing regular exercises.

31.Which word best describes the author’s attitude to race walking?





分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)


China has become the first country to land a spacecraft on the far side of the moon. The unmanned Chang’e-4 probe (探测器) - the name was inspired by an ancient Chinese moon goddess       (touch) down last week in the South Pole-Aitken basin. Landing on the moon’s far side is       (extreme) challenging. Because the moon’s body blocks direct radio communication with a probe, China first had to put a satellite in orbit above the moon in a spot       it could send signals to the spacecraft and to Earth. The far side of the moon is of particular       (interesting) to scientists because it has a lot of deep craters (环形山), more so       the familiar near side. Chinese researchers hope to use the instruments onboard Chang’e-4       (find) and study areas of the South Pole-Aitken basin. "This really excites scientists," Carle Pieters, a scientist at Brown University, says, "because it       (mean) we have the chance to obtain information about how the moon      (construct)" Data about the moon’s composition, such as how       ice and other treasures it contains, could help China decide whether       (it) plans for a future lunar (月球的) base are practical.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共65分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)





注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Today I tried cooking a simply dish myself. I likeeating frying tomatoes with eggs, and I thought it must to be easy to cook. Mymom told me how to preparing it. First I cut the tomatoes into pieces but putthem aside.  Next I broke the eggs into abowl and beat them quickly with chopstick. After that I poured oil into a panand turned off the stove, I waited patiently unless theoil was hot.  Then I put the tomatoes andthe beaten eggs into pan together.  "Not that way," my mom tried to stop us butfailed.  She was right.  It didn’t tum out as I had wished.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)


1. 人物简介;

2. 尊敬和爱戴的原因。


1. 词数100左右;

2. 短文题目和首句已为你写好。

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >

第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)


Since our twins began learning to walk, my wife and I have kept telling them that our sliding glass door is just a window. The 41 is obvious. If we 42 it is a door, they’ll want to go outside 43  .It will drive us crazy. The kids apparently know the 44. But our insisting it’s 45  a window has kept them from 46 millions of requests to open the door.

I hate lying to the kids. One day they’ll 47 and discover that everything they’ve always known about windows is a 48.I wonder if   49   should always tell the truth no matter the   50  . I have a very strong   51   that the lie we’re telling is doing   52   damage to our children. Windows and doors have   53 metaphorical(比喻) meanings. I’m telling them they can’t open what they absolutely know is a door. What if later in   54   they come to a metaphorical door, like an opportunity(机会) of some sort, and   55   opening the door and taking the opportunity, they just   56   it and wonder, "What if it isn’t a door?" That is, "What if it isn’t a   57   opportunity?"

Maybe it’s an unreasonable fear. But the   58   is that I shouldn’t lie to my kids. I should just   59   repeatedly having to say, "No. We can’t go outside now." Then when they come to other doors in life, be they real or metaphorical, they won’t   60   to open them and walk through.

41. A. relief       B. target         C. reason          D. case

42. A. admit        B. believe        C mean         D. realize

43. A. gradually    B. constantly     C. temporarily     D. casually

44. A. result       B. danger         C. method          D. truth

45. A. merely       B. slightly       C. hardly          D. partly

46. A. reviewing    B. approving      C. receiving      D. attempting

47. A. win out      B. give up        C. wake up     D. stand out

48. A. dream        B. lie            C. fantasy         D. fact

49. A. parents      B. twins          C. colleagues     D. teachers

50. A. restrictions B. explanations   C. differences     D. nsequences

51. A. demand       B. fear           C. desire          D. doubt

52. A. physical     B. biological     C. spiritual      D. behavioral

53. A traditional   B. important      C. double          D. original

54. A. life         B. time           C. reply           D. history

55. A. by comparison with B. in addition to   C. regardless of      D. instead of

56. A. get hold of  B. stare at       C. knock on    D. make use of

57. A real          B. Typical        C. similar         D. limited

58. A. safety rule  B. comfort zone   C. bottom line     D. top secret

59. A. delay        B. regret         C. enjoy          D. accept

60. A. hurry         B. decide            C. hesitate       D. intend

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)


A Few Tips for Self-Acceptance

We all want it to accept and love ourselves. But at times it seems too difficult and too far out of reach.36 Here’s a handful of ways that will set you in the right direction.

  37   Do not follow the people who make you feel not-good-enough. Why do you follow them? Are you hoping that eventually you will feel empowered because your life is better than theirs? Know that your life is your own;you are the only you in this world.

●Forgive yourself for mistakes that you have made. We are often ashamed of our shortcomings, our mistakes and our failures.  38   You will make mistakes, time and time again. Rather than getting caught up in how you could have done better, why not offer yourself a compassionate (有同情心) response? "That didn’t go as planned. But, I tried my best."

●Recognize all of your strengths. Write them down in a journal. Begin to train your brain to look at strength before weakness. List all of your accomplishments and achievements. You have a job, earned your degree, and you got out of bed today.  39

●Now that you’ve listed your strengths, list your imperfections. Turn the page in your journal. Put into words why you feel unworthy, why you don’t feel good enough. Now, read these words back to yourself.  40   Turn to a page in your journal to your list of strengths and achievements. See how awesome you are?

AFeeling upset again?

BWhere do you start?

CNothing is too small to celebrate.

DRemember, you are only human.

ESet an intention for self-acceptance.

FStop comparing yourself with others.

GWhen does the comparison game start?

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
  • 上一题
  • 1/28
  • 下一题

点击 “立即下载”