• 英语 2018年高三广东省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Questioningthe existence of aliens is something that scientists have done for decades. Infact, most people do believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The mainnecessities for life are water and some form of energy source. Notsurprisingly, there are some planets, exoplanets and moons that fit the bill.Here are several best chances at finding life in the universe.

        ◆TRAPPIST-1

        TRAPPIST-1is a planetary system a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery wasannounced in early 2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanetsorbiting an "ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at findingpossible life beyond our own solar system. 

        ◆Titan

        Titanis the largest moon of Saturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon couldpotentially harbor life but possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan doesnot exactly fit the description of being in a typical habitable zone.

        Titanhas water, and it has liquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water onthis moon is completely solid because of the extremely cold temperature.

        ◆Europa

        Europais one of Jupiter's moons here in our own solar system. It is another candidatedue to its potential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all thenecessities for life including water, energy sources, and the right chemicalbuild-up.

        ◆Mars

        TheRed Planet, the fourth from the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-aboutpotential candidates for extraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for humancolonization. Despite some different voices, finding extraterrestrial life onMars really is a serious possibility.

        Weknow by now that we won't find little green men or any intelligent form of lifethat we understand. However, there is evidence that there was and may still bemicroscopic life on the small red planet.

The common point of these celestial bodies is that _______.

Asolid water exists on them respectively

Blife might exist on each of them

Cthey all contain liquid water

Deach of them has living things on it

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                                A

        Questioningthe existence of aliens is something that scientists have done for decades. Infact, most people do believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The mainnecessities for life are water and some form of energy source. Notsurprisingly, there are some planets, exoplanets and moons that fit the bill.Here are several best chances at finding life in the universe.

        ◆TRAPPIST-1

        TRAPPIST-1is a planetary system a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery wasannounced in early 2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanetsorbiting an "ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at findingpossible life beyond our own solar system. 

        ◆Titan

        Titanis the largest moon of Saturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon couldpotentially harbor life but possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan doesnot exactly fit the description of being in a typical habitable zone.

        Titanhas water, and it has liquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water onthis moon is completely solid because of the extremely cold temperature.

        ◆Europa

        Europais one of Jupiter's moons here in our own solar system. It is another candidatedue to its potential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all thenecessities for life including water, energy sources, and the right chemicalbuild-up.

        ◆Mars

        TheRed Planet, the fourth from the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-aboutpotential candidates for extraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for humancolonization. Despite some different voices, finding extraterrestrial life onMars really is a serious possibility.

        Weknow by now that we won't find little green men or any intelligent form of lifethat we understand. However, there is evidence that there was and may still bemicroscopic life on the small red planet.

Which celestial body could have life different from human imagination?

ATRAPPIST-1.

BTitan.

CEuropa.

DMars.

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                                A

        Questioningthe existence of aliens is something that scientists have done for decades. Infact, most people do believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The mainnecessities for life are water and some form of energy source. Notsurprisingly, there are some planets, exoplanets and moons that fit the bill.Here are several best chances at finding life in the universe.

        ◆TRAPPIST-1

        TRAPPIST-1is a planetary system a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery wasannounced in early 2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanetsorbiting an "ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at findingpossible life beyond our own solar system. 

        ◆Titan

        Titanis the largest moon of Saturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon couldpotentially harbor life but possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan doesnot exactly fit the description of being in a typical habitable zone.

        Titanhas water, and it has liquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water onthis moon is completely solid because of the extremely cold temperature.

        ◆Europa

        Europais one of Jupiter's moons here in our own solar system. It is another candidatedue to its potential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all thenecessities for life including water, energy sources, and the right chemicalbuild-up.

        ◆Mars

        TheRed Planet, the fourth from the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-aboutpotential candidates for extraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for humancolonization. Despite some different voices, finding extraterrestrial life onMars really is a serious possibility.

        Weknow by now that we won't find little green men or any intelligent form of lifethat we understand. However, there is evidence that there was and may still bemicroscopic life on the small red planet.

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

AEuropa is the most talked-about potential candidate for extraterrestrial life.

BTRAPPIST-1 is the only body that contains life beyond the solar system.

CAll the scientists do believe that aliens exist in some manner.

DThere is proof that life existed on the celestial body Mars.

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                                B

        About a month after I joined Facebook, I got a call fromLori Goler, a highly regarded senior director of marketing at eBay. She made itclear this was a business call. “I want to apply to work with you at Facebook,”she said. “Instead of recommending myself, I want to ask you: What is yourbiggest problem, and how can I solve it?”

        My jaw hit the floor. I had hired thousandsof people over the previous decade and no one had ever said anything remotelylike that. People usually focus on finding the right role for themselves, withthe implication that their skills will help the company. Lori put Facebook’sneeds front and center. It was a killer approach. I responded, “Recruiting ismy biggest problem. And, yes, you can solve it.”

        Lori never dreamed she would work inrecruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreed to trade earnings for acquiringnew skills in a new field. Lori did a great job running recruiting and withinmonths was promoted to her current job, leading People@Facebook.

        The most common metaphor for careers is aladder, but this concept no longer applies to most workers. As of 2010, theaverage American had eleven jobs from the ages of eighteen to forty-six alone.Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, who came up with a much better metaphor:“Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

        As Lori describes it, there’s only one wayto get to the top of a ladder, but there are many ways to get to the top of ajungle gym. The jungle gym model benefits everyone, but especially women whomight be starting careers, switching careers, getting blocked by externalbarriers, or reentering the workforce after taking time off. The ability tocreate a unique path with occasional dips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presents greatviews of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbers arestuck staring at the butt of the person above.

Why did Lori make the call?

AShe helped Facebook to solve the biggest problem.

BShe wanted to make a business deal with Facebook.

CShe tried to ask for a pay rise in Facebook.

DShe wanted to become an employee in Facebook.

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                                B

        About a month after I joined Facebook, I got a call fromLori Goler, a highly regarded senior director of marketing at eBay. She made itclear this was a business call. “I want to apply to work with you at Facebook,”she said. “Instead of recommending myself, I want to ask you: What is yourbiggest problem, and how can I solve it?”

        My jaw hit the floor. I had hired thousandsof people over the previous decade and no one had ever said anything remotelylike that. People usually focus on finding the right role for themselves, withthe implication that their skills will help the company. Lori put Facebook’sneeds front and center. It was a killer approach. I responded, “Recruiting ismy biggest problem. And, yes, you can solve it.”

        Lori never dreamed she would work inrecruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreed to trade earnings for acquiringnew skills in a new field. Lori did a great job running recruiting and withinmonths was promoted to her current job, leading People@Facebook.

        The most common metaphor for careers is aladder, but this concept no longer applies to most workers. As of 2010, theaverage American had eleven jobs from the ages of eighteen to forty-six alone.Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, who came up with a much better metaphor:“Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

        As Lori describes it, there’s only one wayto get to the top of a ladder, but there are many ways to get to the top of ajungle gym. The jungle gym model benefits everyone, but especially women whomight be starting careers, switching careers, getting blocked by externalbarriers, or reentering the workforce after taking time off. The ability tocreate a unique path with occasional dips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presents greatviews of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbers arestuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What impressed “I” by Lori?

ALori was good at running recruiting.

BLori attached great importance to Facebook’s needs.

CLori jumped in Facebook with no adequate experience.

DLori was skilled in marketing at eBay.

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                                B

        About a month after I joined Facebook, I got a call fromLori Goler, a highly regarded senior director of marketing at eBay. She made itclear this was a business call. “I want to apply to work with you at Facebook,”she said. “Instead of recommending myself, I want to ask you: What is yourbiggest problem, and how can I solve it?”

        My jaw hit the floor. I had hired thousandsof people over the previous decade and no one had ever said anything remotelylike that. People usually focus on finding the right role for themselves, withthe implication that their skills will help the company. Lori put Facebook’sneeds front and center. It was a killer approach. I responded, “Recruiting ismy biggest problem. And, yes, you can solve it.”

        Lori never dreamed she would work inrecruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreed to trade earnings for acquiringnew skills in a new field. Lori did a great job running recruiting and withinmonths was promoted to her current job, leading People@Facebook.

        The most common metaphor for careers is aladder, but this concept no longer applies to most workers. As of 2010, theaverage American had eleven jobs from the ages of eighteen to forty-six alone.Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, who came up with a much better metaphor:“Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

        As Lori describes it, there’s only one wayto get to the top of a ladder, but there are many ways to get to the top of ajungle gym. The jungle gym model benefits everyone, but especially women whomight be starting careers, switching careers, getting blocked by externalbarriers, or reentering the workforce after taking time off. The ability tocreate a unique path with occasional dips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presents greatviews of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbers arestuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What can we infer from the passage?

ANow all people don’t tend to climb the ladder.

BNone on the ladder can enjoy the great views.

CJungle gyms offer limited exploration for employees.

DA pregnant woman, jobless, benefits little from the jungle gyms.

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                                B

        About a month after I joined Facebook, I got a call fromLori Goler, a highly regarded senior director of marketing at eBay. She made itclear this was a business call. “I want to apply to work with you at Facebook,”she said. “Instead of recommending myself, I want to ask you: What is yourbiggest problem, and how can I solve it?”

        My jaw hit the floor. I had hired thousandsof people over the previous decade and no one had ever said anything remotelylike that. People usually focus on finding the right role for themselves, withthe implication that their skills will help the company. Lori put Facebook’sneeds front and center. It was a killer approach. I responded, “Recruiting ismy biggest problem. And, yes, you can solve it.”

        Lori never dreamed she would work inrecruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreed to trade earnings for acquiringnew skills in a new field. Lori did a great job running recruiting and withinmonths was promoted to her current job, leading People@Facebook.

        The most common metaphor for careers is aladder, but this concept no longer applies to most workers. As of 2010, theaverage American had eleven jobs from the ages of eighteen to forty-six alone.Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, who came up with a much better metaphor:“Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

        As Lori describes it, there’s only one wayto get to the top of a ladder, but there are many ways to get to the top of ajungle gym. The jungle gym model benefits everyone, but especially women whomight be starting careers, switching careers, getting blocked by externalbarriers, or reentering the workforce after taking time off. The ability tocreate a unique path with occasional dips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presents greatviews of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbers arestuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What is the best title of the passage?

AIt’s a Jungle Gym, Not a Ladder.

BFacebook’s Biggest Problem.

CApplying for a Job in Facebook.

DA Jungle Gym is Better than a Ladder.

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                                C

        Careersin zoology are extremely varied and unique, and can provide incredible learningand work opportunities for anyone devoted to animal studies and welfare.Zoology, or the study of animals, is a wide field with many specialties,including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的)medicine, and the care of animals. For people with a love of animals and sometraining, dreams of careers in zoology may come true.   

        Somecareers in zoology focus on research and scientific studies. These careers mayallow those with a good theoretical science background to develop and runstudies that improve human understanding of the animal world. Research inzoology can help create safer and more effective products for animals or canteach humans more about animal behavior in order to aid in conservation,breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

        Careersin zoology that focus on conservation attach great importance to the continuedsurvival and increased protection of animal species. Conservationists may workwith political groups or governments to help make laws to protect and preserveanimals, or may work in the field gathering information on potential threats tothe health of global ecosystems. Some conservationists work in educationalfields, trying to improve human efforts to save animals from extinction. 

        Animalsare subject to illness and injury, and some careers in zoology help to create asafe, stable animal population. Veterinary medicine is an important specialtyfield, and may take several years of intensive training to qualify as acertified veterinarian. While many veterinarians focus on the small-animalpractice of domestic pets, vets in rural areas often work with large farmanimals and more adventurous veterinarians may work with exotic species in zoosand wildlife preserves. .

        Humanslove to observe animals, and modern-day zoos and wildlife preserves help meetthat interest while providing facilities to assist with conservation programs.Zoology careers in zoos can range from overseeing breeding programs, tocreating the proper diet for a deer, to cleaning the tiger’s cage. Manyvolunteer and entry-level jobs are available for people that love animals.

What is the purpose of researching on animals in zoology?

ATo help governments make laws.

BTo improve researchers’ scientific knowledge.

CTo create safe and effective products for humans.

DTo educate people to protect animals.

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                                C

        Careersin zoology are extremely varied and unique, and can provide incredible learningand work opportunities for anyone devoted to animal studies and welfare.Zoology, or the study of animals, is a wide field with many specialties,including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的)medicine, and the care of animals. For people with a love of animals and sometraining, dreams of careers in zoology may come true.   

        Somecareers in zoology focus on research and scientific studies. These careers mayallow those with a good theoretical science background to develop and runstudies that improve human understanding of the animal world. Research inzoology can help create safer and more effective products for animals or canteach humans more about animal behavior in order to aid in conservation,breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

        Careersin zoology that focus on conservation attach great importance to the continuedsurvival and increased protection of animal species. Conservationists may workwith political groups or governments to help make laws to protect and preserveanimals, or may work in the field gathering information on potential threats tothe health of global ecosystems. Some conservationists work in educationalfields, trying to improve human efforts to save animals from extinction. 

        Animalsare subject to illness and injury, and some careers in zoology help to create asafe, stable animal population. Veterinary medicine is an important specialtyfield, and may take several years of intensive training to qualify as acertified veterinarian. While many veterinarians focus on the small-animalpractice of domestic pets, vets in rural areas often work with large farmanimals and more adventurous veterinarians may work with exotic species in zoosand wildlife preserves. .

        Humanslove to observe animals, and modern-day zoos and wildlife preserves help meetthat interest while providing facilities to assist with conservation programs.Zoology careers in zoos can range from overseeing breeding programs, tocreating the proper diet for a deer, to cleaning the tiger’s cage. Manyvolunteer and entry-level jobs are available for people that love animals.

What can careers in zoology that focus on veterinary medicine help?

ABetter understand animals.

BProtect animals’ health.

CClean the animals’ cages.

DIncrease the number of animals.

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                                C

        Careersin zoology are extremely varied and unique, and can provide incredible learningand work opportunities for anyone devoted to animal studies and welfare.Zoology, or the study of animals, is a wide field with many specialties,including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的)medicine, and the care of animals. For people with a love of animals and sometraining, dreams of careers in zoology may come true.   

        Somecareers in zoology focus on research and scientific studies. These careers mayallow those with a good theoretical science background to develop and runstudies that improve human understanding of the animal world. Research inzoology can help create safer and more effective products for animals or canteach humans more about animal behavior in order to aid in conservation,breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

        Careersin zoology that focus on conservation attach great importance to the continuedsurvival and increased protection of animal species. Conservationists may workwith political groups or governments to help make laws to protect and preserveanimals, or may work in the field gathering information on potential threats tothe health of global ecosystems. Some conservationists work in educationalfields, trying to improve human efforts to save animals from extinction. 

        Animalsare subject to illness and injury, and some careers in zoology help to create asafe, stable animal population. Veterinary medicine is an important specialtyfield, and may take several years of intensive training to qualify as acertified veterinarian. While many veterinarians focus on the small-animalpractice of domestic pets, vets in rural areas often work with large farmanimals and more adventurous veterinarians may work with exotic species in zoosand wildlife preserves. .

        Humanslove to observe animals, and modern-day zoos and wildlife preserves help meetthat interest while providing facilities to assist with conservation programs.Zoology careers in zoos can range from overseeing breeding programs, tocreating the proper diet for a deer, to cleaning the tiger’s cage. Manyvolunteer and entry-level jobs are available for people that love animals.

Which of the following shows the structure of the whole passage?

(P1=paragraph 1; P2= paragraph 2; P3= paragraph 3; P4= paragraph 1; P5= paragraph 5;)

AA

BB

CC

DD

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                                C

        Careersin zoology are extremely varied and unique, and can provide incredible learningand work opportunities for anyone devoted to animal studies and welfare.Zoology, or the study of animals, is a wide field with many specialties,including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的)medicine, and the care of animals. For people with a love of animals and sometraining, dreams of careers in zoology may come true.   

        Somecareers in zoology focus on research and scientific studies. These careers mayallow those with a good theoretical science background to develop and runstudies that improve human understanding of the animal world. Research inzoology can help create safer and more effective products for animals or canteach humans more about animal behavior in order to aid in conservation,breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

        Careersin zoology that focus on conservation attach great importance to the continuedsurvival and increased protection of animal species. Conservationists may workwith political groups or governments to help make laws to protect and preserveanimals, or may work in the field gathering information on potential threats tothe health of global ecosystems. Some conservationists work in educationalfields, trying to improve human efforts to save animals from extinction. 

        Animalsare subject to illness and injury, and some careers in zoology help to create asafe, stable animal population. Veterinary medicine is an important specialtyfield, and may take several years of intensive training to qualify as acertified veterinarian. While many veterinarians focus on the small-animalpractice of domestic pets, vets in rural areas often work with large farmanimals and more adventurous veterinarians may work with exotic species in zoosand wildlife preserves. .

        Humanslove to observe animals, and modern-day zoos and wildlife preserves help meetthat interest while providing facilities to assist with conservation programs.Zoology careers in zoos can range from overseeing breeding programs, tocreating the proper diet for a deer, to cleaning the tiger’s cage. Manyvolunteer and entry-level jobs are available for people that love animals.

What does the passage mainly present?

AVolunteers’ passion for zoology.

BA new idea of careers in zoology.

CDifferent types of careers in zoology.

DEffective measures of animal protection.

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                                D

        NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday and Friday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine. It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides, forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, offices and schools.

        Some meteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a "bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would be followed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in more than two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

        From Baltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clear roadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plunge during the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to the National Weather Service.

        Utility companies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Friday as about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000 the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerously low.

        "If the temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelter elsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers by contacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which serves Massachusetts, said on Twitter.

        Airlines canceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according to FlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

        Mayor Bill de Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturday nights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may be the most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

        New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part of the state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state of emergency for several counties.

Which of the following is NOT the consequence of the massive winter storm?

ABreakdown of the US coast

BFlooding in Boston.

CCancellation of nearly 5,000 flights.

DClosure in business, offices, and schools.

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                                D

        NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday and Friday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine. It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides, forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, offices and schools.

        Some meteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a "bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would be followed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in more than two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

        From Baltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clear roadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plunge during the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to the National Weather Service.

        Utility companies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Friday as about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000 the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerously low.

        "If the temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelter elsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers by contacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which serves Massachusetts, said on Twitter.

        Airlines canceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according to FlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

        Mayor Bill de Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturday nights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may be the most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

        New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part of the state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state of emergency for several counties.

Why did some meteorologists classify this winter storm as “bomb cyclone”?

ABecause it will cause changeable atmospheric pressure.

BBecause the scale of this storm could break records in lots of cities.

CBecause of the deadly and destructive effects of this storm.

DBecause of the extremely cold air and the wind chills in this storm.

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                                D

        NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday and Friday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine. It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides, forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, offices and schools.

        Some meteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a "bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would be followed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in more than two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

        From Baltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clear roadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plunge during the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to the National Weather Service.

        Utility companies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Friday as about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000 the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerously low.

        "If the temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelter elsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers by contacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which serves Massachusetts, said on Twitter.

        Airlines canceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according to FlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

        Mayor Bill de Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturday nights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may be the most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

        New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part of the state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state of emergency for several counties.

Which of the following best explains the underlined word “plunge” in P3?

Adecline steadily

Bdrop dramatically

Cfluctuate violently

Dfall moderately

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                                D

        NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday and Friday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine. It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides, forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, offices and schools.

        Some meteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a "bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would be followed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in more than two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

        From Baltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clear roadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plunge during the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to the National Weather Service.

        Utility companies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Friday as about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000 the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerously low.

        "If the temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelter elsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers by contacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which serves Massachusetts, said on Twitter.

        Airlines canceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according to FlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

        Mayor Bill de Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturday nights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may be the most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

        New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part of the state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state of emergency for several counties.

About the rescue work, which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

APeople were making great efforts to rid roadways of ice and snow.

BAbout 101 thousand people were left without electricity on Thursday.

CResidents can stay in warming centers until heating service is restored.

DAviation service hasn't been brought back to normal yet until Friday.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

        "A question brought me to the point of ending my life when I was fifty years old. My question was the simplest one that lies in every person. It is the question without which life is impossible: Why do I live?   16   Is there anything in my life that will not be destroyed by my death?"

        These are the words of the famous Russian writer Leo Tolstoy. Many people ask these difficult questions. And they struggle to find meaning in their life. Tolstoy spent his whole life trying to answer difficult questions like these.   17

        In the 1850s, Leo Tolstoy wrote his first stories. He wrote about his experiences in the military. He also told stories about when he was a child.   18   He was finally successful. He earned respect from many wealthy and intelligent men, who talked a lot about faith and the meaning of life. But soon he found they were proud and they made very bad moral choices.

           19   He opened a school for the children of people who worked on his land. They were very poor. He wanted to help them because he thought they were more honest than the wealthy people he knew.

        Tolstoy learned many things from his workers. He respected how they worked hard to provide for their families.   20   So in 1862, Leo Tolstoy married a young woman named Sonya Behrs. The next 15 years were the best years of Tolstoy's life. It was during this time that he wrote his most famous books-- War and Peace and Anna Karenina. They communicate what he thought was the answer to all his questions-- humans were supposed to live a simple life and take care of their families.

    A.These works were published and Tolstoy became a well-known writer.

    B. Howcan I realize my dream if I have one?

    C.Why do I wish for anything, or do anything?

    D.He gained a lot of inspirations which had great influence on his followingactions.

    E.His search for answers influenced his writing.

    F.So in the 1860s, Tolstoy tried a different way to find the meaning of life.

    G. He began tobelieve that marriage and family would give his life meaning.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        I come from one of those families where you have to yell at the dinner table to get in a word. Everyone has a strong   21   , and talks at the same time, and no one has a   22   leading to heated arguments. We often talk or even debate with each other on different topics.

           23   a family like mine has made me more   24   about the world around me, making me tend to question anything anyone tells me. But it has also made me realize that I’m not a good listener. And when I say “listening”, I’m not  25   to the nodding-your-head-and-   26   -answering-Uh-huh-or-Ooh-I-see variety. I mean the kind of listening where you find yourself deeply   27   with the person you’re speaking with, when his story becomes so   28   that your world becomes less about you and more about him. No, I was never very good at that.

        I spent summer in South Africa two years ago. I worked for a good non-profit  29   called Noah, which works   30   on behalf of children affected by AIDS. But   31   you asked me what I really did in South Africa, I’d tell you one thing: I listened, and I listened. Sometimes I   32   , but mostly I listened.

        And had I not spent two months   33   , I might have missed the   34   moment when a quiet little girl at one of Noah’s community centers, orphaned (孤儿) at the age of three, whispered after a long   35   , “I love you.”

          36   that summer, I knew how to hear. I could sit down with anyone and hear their   37   and nod and respond at the   38   time—but most of the time I was   39   about the next words out of my own mouth. Ever since my summer in South Africa, I have noticed that it’s in those moments when my mouth is closed and my   40   is wide open that I’ve learned the most about other people, and perhaps about myself.

21.

    A. qualification    B. influence       

    C. opinion           D. assumption

22.

    A. commitment    B. problem          

    C. schedule          D. request

23.

    A. Belonging to   B. Believing in     

    C.Bringing up      D.Struggling for

24.

    A. anxious           B. curious          

    C.nervous            D. adventurous

25.

    A. objecting        B. appealing        

    C. turning           D. referring

26.

    A. rudely             B. loudly            

    C.politely            D. gratefully

27.

    A. identifying      B. quarreling       

    C. debating         D. competing

28. 

    A. vivid                B.magical          

    C. mind-numbing   D. time-consuming

29. 

    A. school            B. organization         

    C.factory            D. church

30.

    A. effortlessly     B. timelessly           

    C. aimlessly        D. tirelessly

31.

    A. unless            B. because          

    C.although        D. if

32.

    A. applauded     B. spoke            

    C. wept              D. complained

33.

    A. studying        B. traveling            

    C.listening         D. working

34.

    A. touching        B. frustrating      

    C. astonishing    D. fascinating

35.

    A. delay              B. course           

    C. journey           D. silence

36.

    A. Before            B. After            

    C.Except             D. Since

37.

    A. needs             B. stories          

    C. comments      D.cases

38.

    A. valuable         B. free             

    C.right                D.same

39.

    A. talking           B. arguing          

    C.learning          D. thinking

40. 

    A. sympathy       B.spirit               

    C. mind              D.family

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

        A lot of films have tried to describe the afterlife and our memories of family members,   41   few have done as well as Coco, Disney Pixar’s   42   (late) masterpiece animation, which hit the big screen on Nov. 24, 2017.

        43   (inspire) by the Mexican holiday of Dia de los Muertos — Day of the Dead — the film’s production team created a young boy, Miguel, who wants his family to understand his love of music.   44   that year’s Dia de los Muertos,   45     accident takes him to the Land of the Dead. In this land, there are friendly skeletons who can cross a bridge made of flower petals to visit their living family — that is, as long as their family still puts their photos on the family shrine (神龛). Those spirits who   46   (forget) by their family will disappear completely. So it’s in this magical world   47   Miguel gets to meet and discover the truth about his great-great-grandpa.

        In an era   48   young people are so   49   (easy) attracted by celebrities, Coco reveals the emptiness of such flattery, teaching kids to preserve and respect the memory of their elders while   50   (remind) them that the source of true creativity is so often personal.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

    1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        Smartphone apps certainly make our life easier. And now, it looks like they could even do our homework for us. Recent years have seen the release of a various of study aid apps aimed at student. Most of these apps allow users to take a photo of our schoolwork and the correct answers will just appear on their smartphones. Convenient they are, these apps present problems with both parents and teachers. Most students just copy the answers from the app, while only a few use the app to study. Better still, some students even use the study aid apps as social networks. Therefore, this isn’t to say that study aid apps should be completely ban. Parents and teachers should give necessary guidance to help students to take the advantage of the study aid apps’ strengths and avoiding their weaknesses.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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书面表达(满分25分)

    在成长的过程中,我们总是对未来的职业充满憧憬。近期你班将以“My Dream Career” 为题举行演讲比赛。请你根据以下要求写一篇英语演讲稿,内容包括:

    1你的理想职业;

    2选择它的理由;

    3实现的途径。

注意:

    1词数100词左右;

    2开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

    3可根据内容要点适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

                   My Dream Career

        Good morning, everyone! ___________________________________________

        Thank you for listening.

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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