• 英语 成都市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共45分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

HIGHFIELD COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SCHOOL REPORT

21.According to the comments of the Physical Education teacher, Simon .

Ais too talkative in the class

Blikes to work with his classmates

Cdoesn't exercise his body at the right time

Dbecomes weak because he doesn't exercise at all

22.Which of Simon's subjects will attract the headmaster's attention in future?

ABiology and Mathematics.

BHistory and French

CEnglish and Chemistry.

DPhysics and Physical Education.

23.Which of the following statements best describes Simon?

AHe has made great progress in language classes.

BHis potential has been fully reflected in science classes.

CHis grade in Mathematics makes him a born scientist.

DHe needs to improve his attitude on certain subjects.

24.Based on the school report, which of the following statements is true?

ASimon didn't bother his teacher to revise French.

BBasically, Simon did a good job in science.

CSimon is a determined learner in English.

DSimon is able to pay attention to history for long.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Welcome to your future life!

You get up in the morning and look into the mirror. Your face is firm and young-looking. In 2035, medical technology is better than ever. Many people your age could live to be 150, so at 40, you’re not old at all. And your parents just had an anti-aging treatment. Now, all three of you look the same age!

You say to your shirt, “Turn red.” It changes from blue to red. In 2035, “smart clothes” contain particles(粒子) much smaller than the cells in your body. The particles can be programmed to change clothes’ color or pattern.

You walk into the kitchen. You pick up the milk, but a voice says,” You shouldn’t drink that!” Your

fridge has read the chip (芯片) that contains information about the milk , and it knows the milk is old . In 2035, every article of food in the grocery store has such a chip.

It’s time to go to work. In 2035, cars drive themselves. Just tell your “smart car” where to go. On the way, you can call a friend using your jacket sleeve. Such “smart technology” is all around you.

So will all these things come true? “For new technology to succeed,” says scientist Andrew Zolli, “it has to be so much better that it replaces what we have already.” The Internet is one example. What will be the next?

25.We can learn from the text that in the future .

A.people will never get old

Beveryone will look the same

Cred will be the most popular color

Dclothes will be able to change their pattern

26.What can be inferred from Paragraph 4?

AMilk will be harmful to health.

BMore drinks will be available for sale.

CFood in the grocery store will carry electronic information.

DMilk in the grocery store will stay fresh much longer.

27.Which of the following is mentioned in the text?

ANothing can replace the Internet.

BFridges will know what people need.

CJacket sleeves can be used as a guide.

DCars will be able to drive automatically.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

To take the apple as a forbidden fruit is the most unlikely story the Christians have ever cooked up. For them, the forbidden fruit from Eden is evil. So when Columbus brought the tomato back from South America, a land mistakenly considered to be Eden, everyone jumped to the obvious conclusion. Wrongly taken as the apple of Eden, the tomato was shut out of the door of Europeans.

What made it particularly terrifying was its similarity to the mandrake, a plant that was thought to have come from Hell. What earned the plant its awful reputation was its roots which looked like a dried-up human body occupied by evil spirits. Tough the tomato and the mandrake were quite different except that both had bright red or yellow fruit, the general population considered them one and the same, too terrible to touch.

Cautious Europeans long ignored the tomato, and until the early 1700s most of the Western people continued to drag their feet. In the 1880s, the daughter of a well-known plant expert wrote that the most interesting part of an afternoon tea at her father’s house had been the “introduction of this wonderful new fruit--or is it a vegetable?” As late as the twentieth century some writers still classed tomatoes with mandrakes as an “evil fruit”.

But in the end tomatoes carried the day. The hero of the tomato was an American named Robert Johnson, and when he was publicly going to eat the tomato in 1820, people journeyed for hundreds of miles to watch him drop dead.” What are you afraid of?” he shouted. “I’ll show you fools that these things are

good to eat!” Then he bit into the tomato. Some people fainted. But he survived and, according to a local story, set up a tomato-canning factory.

28.The tomato was shut out of the door of early Europeans mainly because .

Ait made Christians evil

Bit was the apple of Eden

Cit came from a forbidden land

Dit was religiously unacceptable

29.What can we infer the underlined part in Paragraph 3 ?

AThe process of ignoring the tomato slowed down.

BThere was little progress in the study of the tomato.

CThe tomato was still refused in most western countries.

DMost western people continued to get rid of the tomato.

30.What is the main reason for Robert Johnson to eat the tomato publicly?

ATo make himself a hero.

BTo remove people’s fear of the tomato.

CTo speed up the popularity of the tomato.

DTo persuade people to buy products from his factory.

31.What is the main purpose of the passage?

ATo challenge people’s fixed concept of the tomato.

BTo give an explanation to people’s dislike of the tomato.

CTo present the change of people’s attitudes to the tomato.

DTo show the process of freeing the tomato from religious influence.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it’s because we have mirror neurons (神经 元) in our brains.

Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate it, whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further: mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions, they also tell us that there is a biological basis for the way we understand other people.

Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our ability to use languages, and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to (for example: “The hand took hold of the ball”), the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball).

Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much research suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning.

However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find treatments for social disorders. Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with ever more information concerning how humans

behave and interact. Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent for neuroscience of what Einstein’s theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does—well, perhaps you’ll understand why.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇科普知识类阅读文章.我们的大脑中含有神经元不仅让我们跟着别人的动作做,它也为我们理解题他人提供了生物学基础.

32.Mirror neurons can explain .

Awhy we cry when we are hurt

Bwhy we cough when we suffer from a cold

Cwhy we smile when we see someone else smile

Dwhy we yawn when we see someone else stay up late

33.The underlined word “triggered” in the third paragraph probably means “ ”.

Aset off

Bcut off

Cbuilt up

Dbroken up

34.We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons .

Arelate to human behavior and interaction

Bcontrol human physical actions and feelings

Cresult in bad behavior and social disorders

Ddetermine our knowledge and language abilities

35.What is the passage mainly about?

AWays to find mirror neurons.

BProblems of mirror neurons.

CExistence of mirror neurons.

DFunctions of mirror neurons.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

81.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:把缺词处加个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2)只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Women are playing a much important part in society than before. Now woman are working as teachers, scientists and even leaders. Almost all jobs that used to be done by men is done perfectly well by women. Women are no longer looked down in society. As these changes taking place in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. That’s hard to find the wife is busy doing housework while the husband is just sitting in an armchair, watches TV. In spite of all these changes, the great number of men still guard their rights and gender discrimination still exists. Few women are appointing high-ranking jobs in a company because of the existence of the glass ceiling. This is the problem we should try to solve it now.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇社会现象类说明文,谈到了女性全面参与社会生活,社会地位有了很大提升。但是仍然存在急需解决的性别歧视现象。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Empathy

Last year, researchers from the University of Michigan reported that empathy, the ability to understand

other people, among college students had dropped sharply over the past 10 years. spend more time alone and are less likely to join groups and clubs.

_ Today, people

Jennifer Freed, a co-director of a teen program, has another explanation. Turn on the TV, and you’re showered with news and reality shows full of people fighting, competing, and generally treating one another

with no respect. _

There are good reasons not to follow those bad examples. Humans are socially related by nature.

_ Researchers have also found that empathetic teenagers are more likely to have high self-respect.

Besides, empathy can be a cure for loneliness, sadness, anxiety, and fear.

Empathy is also an indication of a good leader. In fact, Freed says, many top companies report that

empathy is one of the most important things they look for in new managers.

_ “Academics are

important. But if you don’t have emotional intelligence, you won’t be as successful in work or in your love life,” she says.What’s the best way to up your EQ? For starters, let down your guard and really listen to others. _

To really develop empathy, you’d better volunteer at a nursing home or a hospital, join a club or a team that has a diverse membership, have a “sharing circle” with your family, or spend time caring for pets at an animal shelter.

AEveryone is different, and levels of empathy differ from person to person.

BThat could be because so many people have replaced face time with screen time, the researchers said.

C“One doesn’t develop empathy by having a lot of opinions and doing a lot of talking,” Freed says.

DHumans learn by example—and most of the examples on it are anything but empathetic.

EEmpathy is a matter of learning how to understand someone else—both what they think and how they feel.

FGood social skills—including empathy—are a kind of “emotional intelligence” that will help you succeed in many areas of life.

GHaving relationships with other people is an important part of being human—and having empathy is decisive to those relationships.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

One night, when I was eight, my mother gently asked me a question I would never forget. “Sweetie, my company wants to  _  me but needs me to work in Brazil. This is like your teacher telling that you’ve done   _   and allowing you to skip a grade(跳级), but you’ll have to  _    your friends. Would you say yes to your teacher?” She gave me a hug and asked me to think about it. I was puzzled. The question kept me  _  for the rest of the night I had said “yes” but for the first time, I realized the    _   decisions adults had to make.

For almost four years, my mother would call us from Brazil every day. Every evening I’d   _   wait for the phone to ring and then tell her every detail of my day. A phone call, however, could never replace her _    and it was difficult not to feel lonely at times.

During my fourth-grade Christmas break, we flew to Rio to visit her. Looking at her large  _ apartment, I became  _ how lonely my mother must have been in Brazil herself. It was then _   I started to appreciate the tough choices she had to make on _  family and work.   _   difficult decisions, she used to tell me, you wouldn’t know whether you make the right choice, but you could always make the best out of the situation, with passion and a   _   attitude.

Back home , I  _    myself that what my mother could do, I could, too. If she _    to live in Rio all by herself, I, too, could learn to be _ . I learn how to take care of myself and set high but achievable _ .

My mother is now back with us. But I will never forget what the  _    has really taught me. Sacrifices _    in the end. The separation between us has proved to be   _   for me.

41.

Aattract

Bpromote

Csurprise

Dpraise

42.

Alittle

Bmuch

Cwell

Dwrong

43.

Aleave

Brefuse

Ccontact

Dforgive

44.

Aexplaining

Bsleeping

Cwondering

Dregretting

45.

Apoor

Btimely

Cfinal

Dtough

46.

Aeagerly

Bpolitely

Cnervously

Dcuriously

47.

Apatience

Bpresence

Cintelligence

DInfluence

48.

Acomfortable

Bexpensive

Cempty

Dmodern

49.

Ainterested in

Baware of

Cdoubtful

Dsatisfied with

50.

Awhen

Bwhere

Cwhich

Dthat

51.

Aabandoning

Bbalancing

Ccomparing

Dmixing

52.

ADepending on

BSupplied with

CFaced with

DInsisting on

53.

Adifferent

Bfriendly

Cpositive

Dgeneral

54.

Acriticized

Binformed

Cwarned

Dreminded

55.

Amanaged

Boffered

Cattempted

Dexpected

56.

Agrateful

Benergetic

Cindependent

Dpractical

57.

Aexamples

Blimits

Crules

Dgoals

58.

Aquestion

Bexperience

Chistory

Doccasion

59.

Apay off

Bcome back

Crun out

Dturn up

60.

Ablessing

Bgathering

Cfailure

Dpleasure

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1、5分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

The Mona Lisa is famous for a variety of reasons. One of the reasons, of course,

_ the popularity of the painting is the artist himself. Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps the most _ (recognize) artist in the world. Not only _ (be) Da Vinci an artist, but he was also a scientist, _ inventor, and a doctor. Because of his ability to study the actual form of the human, he was able to draw and paint it more _ (accurate) than any other artist of his time. And it is the unique style and technique_ _ _make the Mona Lisa

stand out from the contemporary _ (work).

The Mona Lisa disappeared from the Louvre in France in 1911. Pablo Picasso was on the original list of

suspects questioned and jailed for the theft, but he__ (prove) innocent later. _ (lose) for two years, the masterpiece was thought to have vanished. ___ , in 1913, an Italian man Vincenzo Perugia was arrested for the crime of stealing the famous painting, and the original artwork returned to its home at the Louvre in Paris.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共10小题,每小题0.5分,共5分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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73.The       (行李) left behind by a suspicious passenger contained dangerous chemicals.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

72.Western civilization b      a lot from the invention of printing.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.Food and clothing should be made a        to people living in poverty.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

74.Due to the severe weather c_ _, few living beings can survive at the South Pole.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

75.Line 3 of the Chengdu Metro, which opened on 31 July,2016, has brought great c to the students and teachers of our school.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
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76.The senior students can behave well even in the a of their head teachers.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

79.M      by a strong desire to enlighten the Chinese people, Lu Xun took up writing as a profession.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
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78.When you step out of your comfort zone, you may experience a higher level of (焦

虑), for things are no longer in your control.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

77.Whether the Mona Lisa in Louvre is authentic or not has caused an (争论) among the public.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
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80.Ma Yun has built a      (商业的) empire that is expanding its business to every corner of the world.

分值: 0.5分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

82.假如你是高三学生李小华,请针对游客在旅游胜地乱刻名字的现象,给某英语报刊写一封信。信

的内容包括:

1)该现象的危害;

2)造成此现象的原因和解决办法;

3)请报社向公众发出呼吁。

注意:1)词数:100 字左右。文章开头和结尾已给出,  不计入总词数。

2)内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。

3)参考词汇:刻字:    carve / inscribe

Dear editor,

I am Li Xiaohua, a senior student from a high school in Chengdu.

                                                                                       

                                                                                          

                                                                                          

Best wishes, Yours sincerely, Li Xiaohua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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