• 英语 长春市2016年高三期末试卷
简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

With my hands and knees on the floor of the airplane, I was searching for an old lady’s missing hearing aid during the flight from Sydney to Los Angeles. It occurred to me that this may not be the most dignified posture for a Buddhist nun(修女).

Ihad seen the old lady from the seat in front of me as she walked up and downthe passage with a flashlight. I asked a few times what was wrong, but shedidn’t answer at first —– she couldn’t hear me. She was wearing a woolen coat.Judging from her accent, she came from Eastern Europe.

Doyou know what hearing aids cost? Thousands, especially for the new tinyhidden-in-the-ear type she described. It takes a long time for an appointmentto make new one and many doctor visits to get the thing adjusted right.Therefore, my dignity seemed less important than finding that hearing aid. Buthow does one find a tiny black object in a shadowy jet cabin ?

Thelady wasn’t even sure where or when she had lost it. At one point, a couple offlight attendants did a random search around the lady’s seat; I wasn’timpressed. They left suggesting that she search the seat of her previousflight! My flashlight turned up all kinds of small objects, bits of plastic,broken pieces of headphones. The old lady said that she gave up. Yet Icouldn’t. After we landed, as passengers streamed past us, I insisted that thelady move aside while awaiting her wheelchair. Then I got into a real down anddirty search among the dust under her seat and on the floor.

Look! A little peanut-sizedshiny black object caught the light of my flashlight in a floor crack near herseat. What a rush. “I found it!” With great astonishment and gratitude, the oldlady responded, “I haven’t the words to express my thanks!” 

21. Why did the author put her hands and knees on the floor?

A. She is a religious Buddhist nun.

B. She helped the old lady look for her hearing aid.

C. She fell down from her seat.

D. She wanted to stand out among the passengers.

22. What do we know about the old lady?

A. She ignored the author’s question on purpose.

B. She is an American.

C. It was not difficult for her to get the hearing aid at all.

D. She lost her hearing aid by accident.

23. Where was the hearing aid found?

A. Close to the old lady’ seat.

B. On the previous flight.

C. On the wheelchair.

D. In another jet cabin.

24. What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To present the love from all people on board.

B. To teach us how to find the lost thing.

C. To tell us a story about kind help.

D. To warn us to be more careful

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1

B

At five o’clock, people leave their office. The length of the workday, for many workers, is defined by time. They leave when the clock tells them they’re done.

These days, the time is everywhere: not just on clocks or watches, but on cell-phones and computers. That may be a bad thing, particularly at work. New research shows on that clock-based work schedules hinder (阻碍) creativity.

Clock-timers organize their day by blocks of minutes and hours. For example: a meeting from 9 a.m. to 10 a.m., research from 10 a.m. to noon, etc. On the other hand, task-timers have a list of things they want to accomplish. They work down the list, each task starts when the previous task is completed. It is said that all of us employ a mix of both these types of planning.

What, then, are the effects of thinking about time in these different ways? Does one make us more productive? Better at the tasks at hand? Happier? In experiments conducted by Tamar and Anne, they had participants organize different activities—from project planning, holiday shopping, to yoga—by time or to-do list to measure how they performed under “clock time” vs. “task time”. They found clock-timers to be more efficient but less happy because they felt little control over their lives. Task-timers are happier and more creative, but less productive. They tend to enjoy the moment when something good is happening, and seize opportunities that come up.

The researchers argue that task-based organizing tends to be undervalued and under-supported in the business culture. Smart companies, they believes will try to bake more task-based planning into their strategies. This might be a small change to the way we view work and the office, but the researchers argue that it challenges a widespread characteristic of the economy: work organized by clock time. While most people will still probably need, and be, to some extent, clock-timers, task-based timing should be used when performing a job that requires more creativity. It'll make the tasks easier, and the task-doers will be happier.

25. What does the author think of time displayed everywhere?

A. It makes everybody time-conscious.

B. It clearly indicates the fast pace of modern life.

C. It is a convenience for work and life.

D. It may have a negative effect on creative work.

26. How do people usually go about their work according to the author?

A. They accomplish their tasks one by one.

B. They combine clock-based and task-based planning.

C. They set a time limit for each specific task.

D. They give priority to the most urgent task on hand.

27. What did the researchers find in their experiments about clock-timers?

A. They tend to be more productive.

B. They have more control over their lives.

C They always get their work done in time.

D. They seize opportunities as they come up.

28. What do the researchers say about today's business culture?

A. It does not support the strategies adopted by smart companies.

B. It places more emphasis on work efficiency than on workers' lives,

C. It does not attach enough importance to task-based practice.

D. It aims to bring employees' potential and creativity into full play.

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1

C

Researchers recently found that hackers took control of 300,000 home routers (路由器). Once your home router has been controlled, hackers could redirect your network to malicious websites controlled by hi-tech thieves who could then steal your online back details and other sensitive data. However, there are some simple steps you can take to protect your router.

Say no to 12345 passwords

First, never leave your router open without a password and make sure you change both your Wi-Fi and router login password from the default one it comes with. If you use the default password , this could give someone access to the router setup, which could allow them to change your router settings, including viewing any security keys.

Don't broadcast it

Make sure you don't show up in other people's wireless network scans. Know your network name so you can easily enter it into any devices you want to access that network. Other people do not need to know your network name. To prevent outsiders from seeing your network's name and attempting to join your wireless network, turn off broadcasting in your router's settings.

Invite only please

One way you can ensure no one else joins your network without your permission is to enable your router to only allow certain devices to connect, and ban all others. To do that you can filter by media access control addresses.

Turn it off

This is a simple piece of advice that can go a very long way in keeping you safe. Simply turn off your router when you're not using your network. If you're at work all day and no one's home, why keep it running?

Build a firewall

The firewall built into your router prevents hackers on the internet from getting access to your PC so it's always worth enabling it to help add an extra layer of security. However, it does nothing to stop people in range of your Wi-Fi signal from getting onto your network – and as said, a router in the wrong place means your Wi-Fi signal could reach pretty far. For further protection, you should run software firewalls on the individual PCs on your networks.

29. If you use the default password, ______________.

A. your home router will be linked to some bad websites.

B. your home router will be changed for new settings.

C. you will find it’s very convenient to surf the Internet.

D. you will fail to use your own login password.

30. What should be done to shelter your wireless network? 

A. To think out a complicated login password and use it.

B. To shut off your router when you find it not safe.

C. To switch off broadcasting in your router settings.

D. To build a firewall into your router.

31. The purpose of the passage is to tell____________.

A. how to prevent others from joining your network.

B. how to keep your Wi-Fi network secure.

C. how to deal with your home router efficiently.

D. how to locate the hackers on the Internet

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1

D

The term "smog" was first used in London during the early 1900's to describe the combination of smoke and fog. What we typically call “smog” today is a mixture of pollutants but is primarily made up of ground-level ozone (臭氧) .

Ozone can be beneficial or harmful depending on where it stays. The ozone staying high above the earth protects human health and the environment, but ground-level ozone is responsible for the choking, coughing, and painful eyes associated with smog. The ozone in smog also prevents plants growth and can cause widespread damage to crops and forest.

Major smog occurrences often are linked to heavy motor vehicle traffic, high temperatures, sunshine, and calm winds. Weather and geography affect the position and severity of smog. Because temperature regulates the length of time it takes for smog to form, smog can form faster and be more severe on a hot and sunny day. When warm air stays near the ground instead of rising and winds are calm, smog may stay trapped over your city for days. As traffic and other sources add more pollutants to the air, the smog gets worse. Smog is often more severe away from the pollution sources because the chemical reactions that cause smog occur in the atmosphere while the reacting chemicals are being moved by the wind.

Smog is a visible example of air pollution. You can look into the distance during the day to see how much smog there is in the air. In addition, most cities measure the concentrations of pollutants in the air and report the results to the public.

Environmental Protection Agency sets national standards for pollutants. Areas that fail to meet the standards for at least one air pollutant are called “nonattainment areas”. New measures are being taken by local governments across the country to reduce air pollution in nonattainment areas, including banning charcoal barbecues and wood burning in stoves or fireplaces when pollution levels are high; developing programs to encourage carpooling and voluntary "ozone actions" ; limiting traffic in overcrowded areas expanding or improving public transportation systems; requiring employers to contribute to employee public transportation costs; assessing “smog fees” on cars according to the number of miles driven and vehicle emissions (排放) produced; and even buying and breaking up older “super-dirty” cars.

32. According to the passage, ground-level ozone can _______ .

A. damage the environment

B. benefit human health

C. protect crops and forest

D. limit the spread of smog

33. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Smog is more severe near pollution sources.

B. Air quality is better in time of calm wind.

C. It takes more time for smog to form in hot weather.

D. Chemical reactions occur in the moving air and cause smog. 

34. Which indication shows more exact the air is poor?

A. Heavy motor vehicle traffic in big cities.

B. Widespread damage of crops and forest.

C. Clear outlines of hills in the distance.

D. High concentrations of pollutants in the air.

35. What is included in the measures being taken by the local governments?

A. Unconditional banning of wood burning.

B. Buying new cars to replace super-dirty old cars.

C. Encouraging carpooling and public transportation.

D. Charging all the vehicles more "smog fees".

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

When we’re little, we know nothing about the rights and responsibilities of adulthood.  36  .Thus,   if we like a certain toy or if we want to eat a certain type of chocolate, we think that our parents will have to buy that for us. We don’t care that they possibly have not enough money for that. If they don’t carry out our wish, we’ll begin to cry.  37  . Whenever we begin to cry, we’ll get what we want.

Still,little by little, we realize that our parents can’t offer us all that we wantfor certain reasons. We then also understand that parents have their rights.They have the right to scold us when we do something wrong or when they findout that we have lied to them.   38  .They choose our clothes, the food we eat, the school we’ll study at, the hourswhen we should go out to play and the time we have to return home.

  39  .They are the ones to be blamed later if we don’treceive proper education. That’s why when we beat a classmate at thekindergarten, parentsare the ones to apologize for our deeds in front of the teacher and theclassmate’s parents. And when we get ill, they are responsible for not takinggood care of us and for dressing us inadequately.

Themoment we become teenagers, we notice that we should be responsible for ourbehaviors in society. Now we have the right to be independent.   40  . It is supposed that we are mature enoughto solve our problems and to make people around trust us. For some of us, thisis a difficult test to pass, but itis the best method tosee if we are capable of taking our place in society.

A.We think our parents should offer us all we need.   

B.We should believe we can do them by ourselves.

C.This is a child’s important weapon to threaten his/her parents.

D.Moreover, they have the right to make choices for us when we’re little.

E.As a matter of fact, parents have a lot of things to be concerned about.

F.But at the same time they are responsible for many things that happen to us.

G.However, it’s also time for us to give explanations when we do something wrong.



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1

Being a physician who flies much often, a lot of my time is spent on planes listening for that fearful “Is there a doctor  41  ?” announcement. I’ve been called only once — for a woman who had only fainted. But the  42   made me quite curious about how  43   this kind of thing happens. I wondered what I would do if  44   with a real mid-air medical emergency — without access  45   a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So  46   the New England Journal of Medicine last week  47   a study about in-flight medical events, I read it with  48  .

Thestudy estimated there are a(n)   49   of30 in-flight medical emergencies on U.S. flights every day. Most of them aren’t  50  ;fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints.   51  13%of them (roughly four per day) are serious enough to   52   a pilot to change course. The most common ofthe serious emergencies   53   heart trouble, strokes, and difficultbreathing.

In fact, some riders are   54  .For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at about   55   they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000feet above sea level. Most people   56   tolerate the pressures pretty easily, but riderswith heart disease may experience chest pains as a result of the   57   amount of oxygen flowing through their blood.   58   common in-flight problem is deep venousthrombosis (静脉血栓).   59   happens,don’t panic. Things are getting better on the in-flight-emergency front. Thanksto more recent laws, flights with at   60   one attendant are starting to install (安装) emergency medicalequipment to treat heart attacks.

41. A. on abroad           B. on board             C. on aboard             D. go aboard

42. A. affair                 B. condition            C. disaster             D. incident 

43. A. soon               B. often                  C. long                 D. many

44. A. faced               B. treated                C. identified             D. provided 

45. A. by                   B. for                      C. to                     D. through

46. A. when               B. since                C. before                 D. while

47. A. collected           B. discovered            C. published             D. conducted

48. A. patience               B. joy                    C. sorrow                 D. interest

49. A. amount               B. average                C. sum                 D. number

50. A. significant           B. heavy                C. common             D. serious

51. A. For               B. Or                      C. So                 D. But

52. A. require               B. inspire                   C. engage                 D. command

53. A. contain               B. imply                C. include             D. show    

54. A. enjoyable           B. stressful             C. stimulating             D. boring 

55. A. who               B. which                C. that                 D. what

56. A. should                  B. must                C. can                 D. need

57. A. reduced                    B. increased            C. raised                 D.produced

58. A. Any               B. Another                 C. Other                  D. One

59. A. Whatever              B. Wherever            C. Whenever          D.Whichever

60. A. most                   B. best                C. worst                    D. Least

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

Last Saturday, tornadoes  61   (strike) some parts of the southern U.S. state of Texas, causing substantial damage and eight  62   (death).

Severe thunderstorms,   63  (include)unusualwinter tornadoes, left damages stretching over a 64-km-long area across thecity of Dallas in   64   northernpart of Texas. Vehicles   65    (destroy) or turned upside down,   66   churches damaged, trees toppled and debris(残骸)across neighborhoods. The tornadoes resulted in power   67   (fail) across northern Texas. It’s not known   68   power supply can be restored. In the meanwhile,the American National Weather Service has warned that a snowstorm   69   (accompany) by uncertain temperatures willleave up to 40 cm of snow in west Texas and much of the New Mexico state   70   Sunday evening.

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1

短文中共有10处语言错误,每句话最多两处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出增加的词;

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉; 

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。

One day, my cousin told me about the importance of protect the environment. He asked me help do it,  too. I just said, “I don’t think my help is important.” Hear what I said, he was asked, “How much does a snowflake weigh?” I reply that it almost weighed nothing. Then he said, “I once read the story. There were 8,865,219 snowflakes on a tiny branch. When the 8,865,220th fell into it, it broke.” I got his point and decided to do that I can to help protect the environment. Since your effort doesn’t mean anything to the environment, think of the 8,865,220th snowflakes.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

目前我国中学生的健康状况越来越差,这使父母、学校和专家感到忧虑。为解决这一问题,有人建议将体育纳入高考。请按照以下要点发表你对此事的看法。

要点:

1. 反对此建议,认为不实际。原因是设置单独考试的标准很艰巨,这远远超出了在体育领域管理这样一个全国性考试的能力;

2. 学生的身体健康很重要,学校有责任培养学生的健身意识并提供足够的体育设施。

注意:

1. 词数不少于100;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 首句已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:1. 高考:the College Entrance Examination;

2. 体育设施:sports facilities.

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