• 英语 2018年高三西藏自治区第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Traveling on an airplane can be a very tiring task even in the best of circumstances, which is why when Sophie Murphy boarded a recent flight from Sydney to Melbourne and noticed an “awful tension” in the cabin, she first thought it was caused by typical bad-tempered passengers. But as the flight neared its end, it became obvious that something was very wrong.

        A teenage boy with Down syndrome (唐氏综合症) who was traveling with his family had become upset and would not return to his seat, regardless of the cabin crew’s warnings over the loudspeaker that it was almost time to land. The pilot was forced to circle above the airport, delaying the landing—and angering people on the already tense flight.

        “If it was a cartoon,” remembered Murphy, “there would have been smoke coming out of people’s ears.”

        As the boy’s elderly parents and adult brothers and sisters tried to persuade him to get off the floor and back into his seat, but in vain, Murphy, 42—who had been a teacher for more than 20 years—stood up and quickly headed to the back of the plane.

        She found the boy in the passage between rows of seats, lying on his belly, and lay down on her stomach to face him. She began chatting calmly with him, asking his name, his favorite book, and his favorite characters. He told her he felt sick and she tried to comfort him.

        Minutes later, he allowed her to hold his hand—and then together they got properly back into airplane seats. Murphy asked for sick bags, and held them as the boy threw up several times, including on her. As she helped him clean up, she repeatedly told him everything would be okay and that they’d get through it together.

        After the plane was finally able to land, no one was impatient to step off the flight as one might expect. Instead, calmed passengers—obviously following Murphy’s amazing example—allowed the boy and his family to depart first, smiling at them as they passed. His parents tearfully thanked Murphy for what she had done, and a doctor sitting nearby also let her know he had even taken notes on her expert way of handling the situation.

The landing was delayed because _____.

Aa family ignored the warnings

Ba boy refused to sit in his seat

Csmoke was coming out of the engine

Dthe pilot was forced to change the destination

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                                A

        Traveling on an airplane can be a very tiring task even in the best of circumstances, which is why when Sophie Murphy boarded a recent flight from Sydney to Melbourne and noticed an “awful tension” in the cabin, she first thought it was caused by typical bad-tempered passengers. But as the flight neared its end, it became obvious that something was very wrong.

        A teenage boy with Down syndrome (唐氏综合症) who was traveling with his family had become upset and would not return to his seat, regardless of the cabin crew’s warnings over the loudspeaker that it was almost time to land. The pilot was forced to circle above the airport, delaying the landing—and angering people on the already tense flight.

        “If it was a cartoon,” remembered Murphy, “there would have been smoke coming out of people’s ears.”

        As the boy’s elderly parents and adult brothers and sisters tried to persuade him to get off the floor and back into his seat, but in vain, Murphy, 42—who had been a teacher for more than 20 years—stood up and quickly headed to the back of the plane.

        She found the boy in the passage between rows of seats, lying on his belly, and lay down on her stomach to face him. She began chatting calmly with him, asking his name, his favorite book, and his favorite characters. He told her he felt sick and she tried to comfort him.

        Minutes later, he allowed her to hold his hand—and then together they got properly back into airplane seats. Murphy asked for sick bags, and held them as the boy threw up several times, including on her. As she helped him clean up, she repeatedly told him everything would be okay and that they’d get through it together.

        After the plane was finally able to land, no one was impatient to step off the flight as one might expect. Instead, calmed passengers—obviously following Murphy’s amazing example—allowed the boy and his family to depart first, smiling at them as they passed. His parents tearfully thanked Murphy for what she had done, and a doctor sitting nearby also let her know he had even taken notes on her expert way of handling the situation.

Murphy successfully handled the “awful tension” by _____.

Afighting against unfair treatment

Bcalling on other passengers to join her

Ccommunicating with the boy

Dasking an experienced doctor to help

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                                A

        Traveling on an airplane can be a very tiring task even in the best of circumstances, which is why when Sophie Murphy boarded a recent flight from Sydney to Melbourne and noticed an “awful tension” in the cabin, she first thought it was caused by typical bad-tempered passengers. But as the flight neared its end, it became obvious that something was very wrong.

        A teenage boy with Down syndrome (唐氏综合症) who was traveling with his family had become upset and would not return to his seat, regardless of the cabin crew’s warnings over the loudspeaker that it was almost time to land. The pilot was forced to circle above the airport, delaying the landing—and angering people on the already tense flight.

        “If it was a cartoon,” remembered Murphy, “there would have been smoke coming out of people’s ears.”

        As the boy’s elderly parents and adult brothers and sisters tried to persuade him to get off the floor and back into his seat, but in vain, Murphy, 42—who had been a teacher for more than 20 years—stood up and quickly headed to the back of the plane.

        She found the boy in the passage between rows of seats, lying on his belly, and lay down on her stomach to face him. She began chatting calmly with him, asking his name, his favorite book, and his favorite characters. He told her he felt sick and she tried to comfort him.

        Minutes later, he allowed her to hold his hand—and then together they got properly back into airplane seats. Murphy asked for sick bags, and held them as the boy threw up several times, including on her. As she helped him clean up, she repeatedly told him everything would be okay and that they’d get through it together.

        After the plane was finally able to land, no one was impatient to step off the flight as one might expect. Instead, calmed passengers—obviously following Murphy’s amazing example—allowed the boy and his family to depart first, smiling at them as they passed. His parents tearfully thanked Murphy for what she had done, and a doctor sitting nearby also let her know he had even taken notes on her expert way of handling the situation.

What changed the angry passengers’ attitude at last?

AThe boy’s improvement.

BThe plane’s safe landing.

CThe crew’s behavior.

DThe teacher’s efforts.

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                                B

        A seaside Long Island village on Saturday honored the memory of a girl whose message in a bottle was found after Superstorm Sandy, discovered by cleanup workers a dozen years after she threw it into the ocean.

        A plate was placed on a rock near the bridge, where the bottle was discovered in December. It reads: “Be excellent to yourself dude(朋友),” the same message inside the bottle. The note, a line from the 1989 Keanu Reeves movie “Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure,” was written by Sidonie Fery and threw into the ocean inside a bottle. She died in 2010 at the age of 18 in a fall from a cliff(悬崖) in Switzerland.

        The bottle only traveled a mile or two westward from where it was likely deposited to the location where cleanup workers found it. It was intermingled with broken clothes, boating equipment and a range of sea trash.

        But because the note included the girl's New York City phone number, what otherwise would have been a worthless piece of trash became a priceless souvenir. Workers in Patchogue, about 60 miles (100 kilometers) east of Manhattan, called the number and returned the bottle to her mother, Mimi Fery.

        Fery said she sobbed when she heard workers had found the bottle and was grateful to them.

        “It's unbelievable,” she said Saturday of the ceremony. “The town is amazing, my daughter was a lovely and lively person and very fun, she would do fun things. She always brought joy to everybody no matter how she felt.”

        The plate also reads: “I learned that even though someone is very small they may have a big heart” and bears a photo of a smiling, young Sidonie along with the date the bottle was found: Dec. 6, 2012.

The passage is mainly written to _____.

Atell us how to write a note

Binform us of some useful tips

Cshare with us a moving story

Dintroduce the bottle message

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                                B

        A seaside Long Island village on Saturday honored the memory of a girl whose message in a bottle was found after Superstorm Sandy, discovered by cleanup workers a dozen years after she threw it into the ocean.

        A plate was placed on a rock near the bridge, where the bottle was discovered in December. It reads: “Be excellent to yourself dude(朋友),” the same message inside the bottle. The note, a line from the 1989 Keanu Reeves movie “Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure,” was written by Sidonie Fery and threw into the ocean inside a bottle. She died in 2010 at the age of 18 in a fall from a cliff(悬崖) in Switzerland.

        The bottle only traveled a mile or two westward from where it was likely deposited to the location where cleanup workers found it. It was intermingled with broken clothes, boating equipment and a range of sea trash.

        But because the note included the girl's New York City phone number, what otherwise would have been a worthless piece of trash became a priceless souvenir. Workers in Patchogue, about 60 miles (100 kilometers) east of Manhattan, called the number and returned the bottle to her mother, Mimi Fery.

        Fery said she sobbed when she heard workers had found the bottle and was grateful to them.

        “It's unbelievable,” she said Saturday of the ceremony. “The town is amazing, my daughter was a lovely and lively person and very fun, she would do fun things. She always brought joy to everybody no matter how she felt.”

        The plate also reads: “I learned that even though someone is very small they may have a big heart” and bears a photo of a smiling, young Sidonie along with the date the bottle was found: Dec. 6, 2012.

The underlined word “intermingled” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.

Acrowded

Bmixed up

Cfilled up

Dsecured

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                                B

        A seaside Long Island village on Saturday honored the memory of a girl whose message in a bottle was found after Superstorm Sandy, discovered by cleanup workers a dozen years after she threw it into the ocean.

        A plate was placed on a rock near the bridge, where the bottle was discovered in December. It reads: “Be excellent to yourself dude(朋友),” the same message inside the bottle. The note, a line from the 1989 Keanu Reeves movie “Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure,” was written by Sidonie Fery and threw into the ocean inside a bottle. She died in 2010 at the age of 18 in a fall from a cliff(悬崖) in Switzerland.

        The bottle only traveled a mile or two westward from where it was likely deposited to the location where cleanup workers found it. It was intermingled with broken clothes, boating equipment and a range of sea trash.

        But because the note included the girl's New York City phone number, what otherwise would have been a worthless piece of trash became a priceless souvenir. Workers in Patchogue, about 60 miles (100 kilometers) east of Manhattan, called the number and returned the bottle to her mother, Mimi Fery.

        Fery said she sobbed when she heard workers had found the bottle and was grateful to them.

        “It's unbelievable,” she said Saturday of the ceremony. “The town is amazing, my daughter was a lovely and lively person and very fun, she would do fun things. She always brought joy to everybody no matter how she felt.”

        The plate also reads: “I learned that even though someone is very small they may have a big heart” and bears a photo of a smiling, young Sidonie along with the date the bottle was found: Dec. 6, 2012.

Which is the correct order of the events mentioned in the passage?

    a.Sidonie fell from a cliff and died.

    b.Sidonie wrote a line and threw it into the ocean in a bottle.

    c.Keanu’s movie “Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure” came out.

    d.A plate was placed to honor the memory of Sidonie.

    e.Cleanup workers found the bottle and called Fery.

Ac-b-a-e-d

Bc-b-e-a-d

Cc-a-b-d-e

Dc-a-b-e-d

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                                B

        A seaside Long Island village on Saturday honored the memory of a girl whose message in a bottle was found after Superstorm Sandy, discovered by cleanup workers a dozen years after she threw it into the ocean.

        A plate was placed on a rock near the bridge, where the bottle was discovered in December. It reads: “Be excellent to yourself dude(朋友),” the same message inside the bottle. The note, a line from the 1989 Keanu Reeves movie “Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure,” was written by Sidonie Fery and threw into the ocean inside a bottle. She died in 2010 at the age of 18 in a fall from a cliff(悬崖) in Switzerland.

        The bottle only traveled a mile or two westward from where it was likely deposited to the location where cleanup workers found it. It was intermingled with broken clothes, boating equipment and a range of sea trash.

        But because the note included the girl's New York City phone number, what otherwise would have been a worthless piece of trash became a priceless souvenir. Workers in Patchogue, about 60 miles (100 kilometers) east of Manhattan, called the number and returned the bottle to her mother, Mimi Fery.

        Fery said she sobbed when she heard workers had found the bottle and was grateful to them.

        “It's unbelievable,” she said Saturday of the ceremony. “The town is amazing, my daughter was a lovely and lively person and very fun, she would do fun things. She always brought joy to everybody no matter how she felt.”

        The plate also reads: “I learned that even though someone is very small they may have a big heart” and bears a photo of a smiling, young Sidonie along with the date the bottle was found: Dec. 6, 2012.

Which of the following can best describe Sidonie?

AHelpful and optimistic.

BSmall but promising.

CLovely but pitiful.

DSmart and beautiful.

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                                C

        Ask people in the UK what the words “Sunday roast” mean to them, and they’ll probably take you back to their grandmothers’ dining rooms – maybe with a few stories of “the greatest puddings” and “the best ever steak”. But now the traditional Sunday roast seems to have been left back in the old days. According to the Daily Mail, just one in 50 British families sits down to this weekly meal together.

        There are many reasons why the roast is becoming less popular. In the busy modern world,where breakfast is a slice of toast eaten on the way to work or school and lunch is a quick sandwich in front of the computer screen, people just don’t seem to have the time or patience to make a roast.

        And Sunday was once a day when people could easily go to the kitchen to cook. Nowadays,people are often out shopping or at the cinema until it’s far too late to start thinking about heating the oven(烤箱) up.

        However, a recent article from The Telegraph warned against being carried away by our tight schedules: “It would be a shame to let this fine old tradition disappear.”

        The Guardian further explained that the eating of the big meal is only the half of it. The Sunday roast also makes for relaxed morning activities in the kitchen, and the table becomes the perfect place to share good food and chat with family and friends. “For busy moms and dads, even if you can manage to turn off your mobile phone and the TV only once a week and turn the Sunday roast into a real family event, children can have fun cooking the food and clearing up together.”

The best title for the passage is probably _____.

ASunday—Best Time for Family

BSunday Roast Dying Out

CIt’s the Perfect Time for Us

DLet’s Sit Down Together

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                                C

        Ask people in the UK what the words “Sunday roast” mean to them, and they’ll probably take you back to their grandmothers’ dining rooms – maybe with a few stories of “the greatest puddings” and “the best ever steak”. But now the traditional Sunday roast seems to have been left back in the old days. According to the Daily Mail, just one in 50 British families sits down to this weekly meal together.

        There are many reasons why the roast is becoming less popular. In the busy modern world,where breakfast is a slice of toast eaten on the way to work or school and lunch is a quick sandwich in front of the computer screen, people just don’t seem to have the time or patience to make a roast.

        And Sunday was once a day when people could easily go to the kitchen to cook. Nowadays,people are often out shopping or at the cinema until it’s far too late to start thinking about heating the oven(烤箱) up.

        However, a recent article from The Telegraph warned against being carried away by our tight schedules: “It would be a shame to let this fine old tradition disappear.”

        The Guardian further explained that the eating of the big meal is only the half of it. The Sunday roast also makes for relaxed morning activities in the kitchen, and the table becomes the perfect place to share good food and chat with family and friends. “For busy moms and dads, even if you can manage to turn off your mobile phone and the TV only once a week and turn the Sunday roast into a real family event, children can have fun cooking the food and clearing up together.”

Why do people pay less attention to Sunday roast?

AThey have a busy lifestyle.

BThey have no interest in cooking.

CThey don’t think it worthwhile.

DThey are living in the modern society.

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                                C

        Ask people in the UK what the words “Sunday roast” mean to them, and they’ll probably take you back to their grandmothers’ dining rooms – maybe with a few stories of “the greatest puddings” and “the best ever steak”. But now the traditional Sunday roast seems to have been left back in the old days. According to the Daily Mail, just one in 50 British families sits down to this weekly meal together.

        There are many reasons why the roast is becoming less popular. In the busy modern world,where breakfast is a slice of toast eaten on the way to work or school and lunch is a quick sandwich in front of the computer screen, people just don’t seem to have the time or patience to make a roast.

        And Sunday was once a day when people could easily go to the kitchen to cook. Nowadays,people are often out shopping or at the cinema until it’s far too late to start thinking about heating the oven(烤箱) up.

        However, a recent article from The Telegraph warned against being carried away by our tight schedules: “It would be a shame to let this fine old tradition disappear.”

        The Guardian further explained that the eating of the big meal is only the half of it. The Sunday roast also makes for relaxed morning activities in the kitchen, and the table becomes the perfect place to share good food and chat with family and friends. “For busy moms and dads, even if you can manage to turn off your mobile phone and the TV only once a week and turn the Sunday roast into a real family event, children can have fun cooking the food and clearing up together.”

What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refer to?

AA recent article.

BA traditional kitchen.

CThe fine old tradition.

DSunday morning activity.

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                                C

        Ask people in the UK what the words “Sunday roast” mean to them, and they’ll probably take you back to their grandmothers’ dining rooms – maybe with a few stories of “the greatest puddings” and “the best ever steak”. But now the traditional Sunday roast seems to have been left back in the old days. According to the Daily Mail, just one in 50 British families sits down to this weekly meal together.

        There are many reasons why the roast is becoming less popular. In the busy modern world,where breakfast is a slice of toast eaten on the way to work or school and lunch is a quick sandwich in front of the computer screen, people just don’t seem to have the time or patience to make a roast.

        And Sunday was once a day when people could easily go to the kitchen to cook. Nowadays,people are often out shopping or at the cinema until it’s far too late to start thinking about heating the oven(烤箱) up.

        However, a recent article from The Telegraph warned against being carried away by our tight schedules: “It would be a shame to let this fine old tradition disappear.”

        The Guardian further explained that the eating of the big meal is only the half of it. The Sunday roast also makes for relaxed morning activities in the kitchen, and the table becomes the perfect place to share good food and chat with family and friends. “For busy moms and dads, even if you can manage to turn off your mobile phone and the TV only once a week and turn the Sunday roast into a real family event, children can have fun cooking the food and clearing up together.”

How does the author feel towards Sunday roast’s dying out?

ADoubtful.

BPositive.

CSorry.

DUncertain.

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                                D

        Your alarm goes off on your phone, and instead of turning it off and going on sleeping, you pick it up and stupidly say, “Hello?”

        You are, to use the technical term, suffering sleep drunkenness(迷糊), those first few confused minutes people sometimes experience after waking, according to a just-published paper in

        Neurology( 神经学). For the first time, the phenomenon has been studied in a general adult population.

        In telephone interviews the researchers conducted with more than 19,000 healthy individuals, about 25 percent reported experiencing some sort of sleep-drunk episode(插曲) in the last year, and 12 percent said this happens to them at least once a week.

        Most of their stories were actually pretty funny, said Stanford University School of Medicine psychiatrist(精神病学家) Maurice Ohayon. One man picked up his alarm clock and mistook it for his phone, holding a two-minute conversation on it. Another participant woke in the middle of the night and couldn’t find the bathroom in her own home. Other common examples are that foggy feeling you get when you first wake up with a start on a Saturday before realizing it’s the weekend, or when you wake up in a hotel room and can’t immediately figure out where you are.

        Ohayon explains that an abrupt awakening, to our poor, half-asleep brains, signals an emergency — a time for action, not reason.

        “For most people, and especially if this only happens to you every once in a while, it’s nothing to worry about. But for people who experience sleep drunkenness once a week or more, you might as well refer to professional help to have a sound sleep.”

The intended readers of the passage are probably _____.

Aadults who don’t sleep well

Bteenagers who don’t have enough sleep

Cpeople who suffer sleep drunkenness

Dresearchers who are fond of sleep disorder

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                                D

        Your alarm goes off on your phone, and instead of turning it off and going on sleeping, you pick it up and stupidly say, “Hello?”

        You are, to use the technical term, suffering sleep drunkenness(迷糊), those first few confused minutes people sometimes experience after waking, according to a just-published paper in

        Neurology( 神经学). For the first time, the phenomenon has been studied in a general adult population.

        In telephone interviews the researchers conducted with more than 19,000 healthy individuals, about 25 percent reported experiencing some sort of sleep-drunk episode(插曲) in the last year, and 12 percent said this happens to them at least once a week.

        Most of their stories were actually pretty funny, said Stanford University School of Medicine psychiatrist(精神病学家) Maurice Ohayon. One man picked up his alarm clock and mistook it for his phone, holding a two-minute conversation on it. Another participant woke in the middle of the night and couldn’t find the bathroom in her own home. Other common examples are that foggy feeling you get when you first wake up with a start on a Saturday before realizing it’s the weekend, or when you wake up in a hotel room and can’t immediately figure out where you are.

        Ohayon explains that an abrupt awakening, to our poor, half-asleep brains, signals an emergency — a time for action, not reason.

        “For most people, and especially if this only happens to you every once in a while, it’s nothing to worry about. But for people who experience sleep drunkenness once a week or more, you might as well refer to professional help to have a sound sleep.”

We can know from the first 3 paragraphs that _____.

Ait’s stupid to leave the alarm on when sleep

Bafter waking all people struggled for awareness

Cthere are many studies on adults’ sleep patterns

Dit’s common for adults to suffer sleep drunkenness

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                                D

        Your alarm goes off on your phone, and instead of turning it off and going on sleeping, you pick it up and stupidly say, “Hello?”

        You are, to use the technical term, suffering sleep drunkenness(迷糊), those first few confused minutes people sometimes experience after waking, according to a just-published paper in

        Neurology( 神经学). For the first time, the phenomenon has been studied in a general adult population.

        In telephone interviews the researchers conducted with more than 19,000 healthy individuals, about 25 percent reported experiencing some sort of sleep-drunk episode(插曲) in the last year, and 12 percent said this happens to them at least once a week.

        Most of their stories were actually pretty funny, said Stanford University School of Medicine psychiatrist(精神病学家) Maurice Ohayon. One man picked up his alarm clock and mistook it for his phone, holding a two-minute conversation on it. Another participant woke in the middle of the night and couldn’t find the bathroom in her own home. Other common examples are that foggy feeling you get when you first wake up with a start on a Saturday before realizing it’s the weekend, or when you wake up in a hotel room and can’t immediately figure out where you are.

        Ohayon explains that an abrupt awakening, to our poor, half-asleep brains, signals an emergency — a time for action, not reason.

        “For most people, and especially if this only happens to you every once in a while, it’s nothing to worry about. But for people who experience sleep drunkenness once a week or more, you might as well refer to professional help to have a sound sleep.”

The fourth paragraph tells us that sleep drunkenness _____.

Aoccurs in different occasions

Bcomes without any reason

Chits when people are sleeping

Dattacks those who are clouded

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                                D

        Your alarm goes off on your phone, and instead of turning it off and going on sleeping, you pick it up and stupidly say, “Hello?”

        You are, to use the technical term, suffering sleep drunkenness(迷糊), those first few confused minutes people sometimes experience after waking, according to a just-published paper in

        Neurology( 神经学). For the first time, the phenomenon has been studied in a general adult population.

        In telephone interviews the researchers conducted with more than 19,000 healthy individuals, about 25 percent reported experiencing some sort of sleep-drunk episode(插曲) in the last year, and 12 percent said this happens to them at least once a week.

        Most of their stories were actually pretty funny, said Stanford University School of Medicine psychiatrist(精神病学家) Maurice Ohayon. One man picked up his alarm clock and mistook it for his phone, holding a two-minute conversation on it. Another participant woke in the middle of the night and couldn’t find the bathroom in her own home. Other common examples are that foggy feeling you get when you first wake up with a start on a Saturday before realizing it’s the weekend, or when you wake up in a hotel room and can’t immediately figure out where you are.

        Ohayon explains that an abrupt awakening, to our poor, half-asleep brains, signals an emergency — a time for action, not reason.

        “For most people, and especially if this only happens to you every once in a while, it’s nothing to worry about. But for people who experience sleep drunkenness once a week or more, you might as well refer to professional help to have a sound sleep.”

What will be talked about after the last paragraph?

ASomething to expand your sleep time.

BWays to improve your sleep pattern.

CMethods of curing sleep drunkenness.

DTips on how to help you to sleep better.

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填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

        Americans use many expressions with the word dog. People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well. They take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care. 36 The expression, to lead a dog’s life, describes a person who has an unhappy existence.

        Some people say we live in a dog-eat-dog world. 37 They say that to be successful, a person has to work like a dog. This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people dog-tired. And, the situation would be even worse if they became sick as a dog.

        Still, people say every dog has its day. This means that every person enjoys a successful period during his or her life. To be successful, people often have to learn new skills. Yet, some people say that you can never teach an old dog new tricks. 38

        Some people are compared to dogs in bad ways. People who are unkind or uncaring can be described as meaner than a junkyard dog. Husbands and wives use this doghouse term when they are angry at each other. For example, a woman might get angry at her husband for coming home late or forgetting their wedding anniversary. She might tell him that he is in the doghouse. 39

        However, the husband may decide that it is best to leave things alone and not create more problems. He might decide to let sleeping dogs lie.

        40 The dog days of summer are the hottest days of the year. A rainstorm may cool the weather. But we do not want it to rain too hard. We do not want it to rain cats and dogs.

      A.She may not treat him nicely until he apologizes.

      B. Dog expressions also areused to describe the weather.

      C. They firmly belief that dogsare the best friends of human beings.

      D. She will drop a line to remind him of itor ring him back at once.

      E. However, dogs without ownersto care for them lead a different kind of life.

      F. That means many people arecompeting for the same things, like good jobs.

      G. Theybelieve that older people do not like to learn new things and will not changethe way they do things.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        A young painter lived in a small house, living on painting portraits(画像). One day, a rich man came for a portrait. They agreed on the 41 of $10,000. The day the man came to take the painting, an 42 idea occurred to him: “It’s me in the painting. If I don’t buy, no one will 43 …” So he said, “I’ll only pay$3,000!” The young artist had never 44 such things.

        He strongly argued, expecting the rich man to 45 the agreement. “I ask you at last, will you sell it $3,000 or not?”

        Realizing the man did it 46 , the artist said in a 47 voice, “No! I’d prefer to not sell it rather than be humiliated(羞辱). Today you 48 your word and someday you must pay 49 times.”

        “What a joke! Am I stupid?”

        “Well, we’d better wait and see.”

        Soon the painter moved out to 50 some well-known teachers to work harder. Years later,he finally made a name 51 in the circle of art.

        The rich man had forgotten the whole thing. 52 one day, some friends came to tell him,

        “In a famous exhibition, one painting is 53 $200,000 and the man in it looks 54 the same as you. It’s so strange that its 55 is Thief.” He immediately thought of the 56 . If the painting were that one, it would be a(n) 57 for him. He went to find the young painter 58 .

        And it was! He quickly apologized to the artist and paid 200,000 dollars to buy it back.

        With a strong 59 , the young painter made the rich man 60 his head. This young man was Pablo Picasso.

41. 

    A. award

    B. reward

    C. bonus

    D. salary

42. 

    A. ill

    B. optimistic

    C. abstract

    D. elegant

43. 

    A. neither

    B. either

    C. nor

    D. besides

44. 

    A. stood by

    B. sent for

    C. come across

    D. pulled through

45. 

    A. stick to

    B. take to

    C. see to

    D. turn to

46. 

    A. by accident

    B. in turn

    C. on principle

    D. on purpose

47. 

    A. reliable

    B. gentle

    C. loud

    D. firm

48. 

    A. eat

    B. break

    C. take

    D. give

49. 

    A. forty

    B. thirty

    C. twenty

    D. fifty

50.

    A. receive

    B. accept

    C. consult

    D. abandon

51. 

    A. for himself

    B. in itself

    C. by himself

    D. of itself

52. 

    A.After

    B. Before

    C. Until

    D. Unless

53. 

    A. marked

    B. grasped

    C. followed

    D. bought

54. 

    A. eventually

    B. exactly

    C. slightly

    D.probably

55. 

    A. content

    B. cover

    C. sign

    D. title

56. 

    A. coincidence

    B. accident

    C. reputation

    D. incident

57. 

    A. honor

    B. shame

    C. disappointment

    D. pity

58.

    A. right away

    B. just now

    C. at times

    D. now and then

59. 

    A. process

    B. head

    C. faith

    D. concept

60. 

    A. raise

    B. bend

    C. charge

    D. fail

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  语法填空 (共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个词汇)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Many of us enjoy music because of the way it makes us feel. But for chimps (黑猩猩), it’s nothing more than a lot of noise.

        Scientists from the University of York, UK, found that chimps don’t appreciate listening to music, despite their DNA 61 (be) 96 to 98 percent similar to that of humans.

        In the study, a “jukebox (自动唱机)” 62 (create), which allowed chimps to select their favorite classical, pop or rock music, or 63 (simple) to choose silence. The animals alked away from the music they seemed to dislike the most. The study found they were less likely 64

        (walk) away from classical music like Mozart than fast-paced pop songs like those of Justin Bieber’s.

        Emma Wallace from the University of York told the Daily Mail that the fast-paced rhythm may have been 65 turned the chimps off.

        “ 66 it’s more possible for the chimpanzees to leave to the faster music, they did not show 67 actual preference for the slower classical music,” said Wallace. “In fact, they seem to be indifferent to both 68 (type) of music.”

        These results suggested that music 69 (appreciate) may be something that is unique 70

humans, according to Wallace.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, hopes to stop using fossil fuel (化石能源) completely by 2040. Now the city wants larger lorries what cause more pollution to use bio-fuel, which are produced from waste. Stockholm is also working with Fortum, an energy company, to take advantage a city-wide heating system, use waste heat from supermarkets and stadiums to supply heat for homes. However, the city is trying to change people behavior, step by step. On one newly built estate (庄园), people are providing with tablets that show its real-time energy usage. This is to help them good understand how they use and waste gas, water and electricity.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是李华,你的美国笔友David最近在学汉语,他给你发来一封电子邮件讲述他对学习汉语兴趣浓厚,但是他在学习汉语的过程中常常因为犯错误而懊恼。请你用英语给他回一封邮件。

内容包括:

    1鼓励他继续努力,正确看待错误;

    2给David提出一些学好汉语的建议(至少两条);

    3邀请他来中国玩。

注意:

    1词数 120左右;开头已经给出,不计入总次数。

    2不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

Dear David,

        I’m glad to receive your e-mail and happy to know that you are interested in learning Chinese.            

                                                 .

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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