• 英语 2017年高三第二次联合考试
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Every year more people recognize that it is wrong to kill wildlife for “sport.” Progress in this direction is slow because shooting is not a sport for watching, and only those few who take part realize the cruelty and destruction.

The number of gunners, however, grows rapidly. Children too young to develop proper judgments through independent thought are led a long way away by their gunning parents. They are subjected to advertisements of gun producers who describe shooting as good for their health and guncarrying as a way of putting redder blood in the veins (血管). They are persuaded by gunner magazines with stories honoring the chase and the kill. In school they view motion pictures which are supposedly meant to teach them how to deal with arms safely but which are actually designed to stimulate (刺激) a desire to own a gun. Wildlife is disappearing because of shooting and because of the loss of wildland habitat (栖息地). Habitat loss will continue with our increasing population, but can we slow the loss of wildlife caused by shooting? There doesn’t seem to be any chance if the serious condition of our birds is not improved.

Wildlife belongs to everyone and not to the gunners alone. Although most people do not shoot, they seem to forgive shooting for sport because they know little or nothing about it. The only answer, then, is to bring the truth about sport shooting to the great majority of people.

Now, it is time to realize that animals have the same right to life as we do and that there is nothing fair or right about a person with a gun shooting the harmless and beautiful creatures. The gunners like to describe what they do as character-building, but we know that to wound an animal and watch it go through the agony of dying can make nobody happy. If, as they would have you believe, gun-carrying and killing improve human-character, then perhaps we should encourage war.

1. According to the text, most people do not seem to be against hunting because___________.

Athey have little knowledge of it

Bit helps to build human character

Cit is too costly to stop killing wildlife

Dthey want to keep wildlife under control

2. The underlined word “agony” in the last paragraph probably means___________.

Aform

BCondition

Cpain

DSadness

3. According to the text, the films children watch at school actually__________.

Ateach them how to deal with guns safely

Bpraise hunting as character-building

Cdescribe hunting as an exercise

Dencourage them to have guns of their own

4. It can be inferred from the text that the author seems to_____________.

Ablame the majority of people

Bworry about the existence of wildlife

Cbe in favour of war

Dbe in support of character-building

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Are you an early riser or a night owl? Researchers from Aachen University in Germany believe that about 10 percent of people can be classified as “morning people”, who feel more active and function best in the morning.Around 20 percent are night owls—people who naturally tend to stay up late and are more tired during the day.And the rest of us fall somewhere in between, according to New Scientist.

Previous studies have suggested that early risers are more likely to be happy and healthy while night owls experience worse sleep as well as more depression and anxiety during the day.

For a long time, scientists have been trying to find out what causes the differences between the two.A new study suggests that it isn’t just people’s habits—early risers and night owls actually have different brain structures.

Led by Jessica Rosenberg at Aachen University, researchers scanned the brains of 16 early risers, 23 night owls and 20 people with intermediate sleeping hours.They found that the brains of night owls had less “white matter”—which speeds up the transmission(传输) of nerve signals – in brain areas associated with depression.

As you know, after people fly in an airplane from one time zone to another, they often suffer from a confused and tired feeling called “jet lag” because their body clocks are out of sync(不同步的) with the new time zone.It usually takes about a week for their bodies to adjust to the new time.But night owls always have difficulty syncing their bodies to the right time due to their brain structure.“It’s like they suffer from permanent jet lag,” said Rosenberg.

The good news is that it is possible for night owls to turn themselves into morning people.According to the researchers, night owls should try to spend as much time in the sunlight as possible and reduce their exposure to artificial light at night to force their body clocks to shift to a more normal rhythm.

5.What does the article mainly discuss?

AHow to turn early risers into night owls.

BHow our habits influence our sleep patterns.

CWhat causes the differences between early risers and night owls.

DWhy early risers are happier and healthier than night owls.

6.We can learn from the article that night owls _______________.

Amake up almost a third of the human population

Bhave more white matter in their brains than other people

Care more used to artificial night than sunlight

Dhave body clocks that are not in agreement with the actual time

7.Jessica Rosenberg’s research suggests that ____________.

Aprevious studies about night owls are wrong

Bnight owls are affected by jet lag more strongly than others

Cwhite matter helps our brains work more efficiently

Dbrain structure might determine people’s chances of suffering from depression

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Public bookshelves are appearing across Germany on street corners,city squares and in suburban supermarkets. In these freeforall libraries,people can grab whatever they want to read,and leave behind anything they want for others. There’s no need to register,no due date,and you can take or give as many as you want.“This project is aimed at everyone who likes to read .It is open for everybody,”  Michael Aubermann,one of the organizers of the free book exchange said.

The western city’ s latest public shelf was put up next to Bayenturm. It is the fourth free shelf that Aubermann’ s group,the Cologne Citizen’s Foundation,has placed outside.“We set up our other outdoor shelves last year and it’s been working really well,” said Aubermann. The public bookshelves,which are usually financed by donations and cared for by local volunteer groups,have appeared independently of each other in many cities,suburbs and villages. Each shelf holds around 200 books and it takes about six weeks for a complete turnover,with all the old titles replaced by new ones.

Even commercial book stores and online book sellers seem to support the idea of free book exchanges.“We see this project rather as a sales promotion than as competition,”said Elmar Muether.“If books are present everywhere,it helps our business,too.”

So far,the Cologne book group has had few problems with damage or other problems. Aubermann said,“Propaganda (宣传) is the only kind of literature we do not allow here.”

At another bookshelf in the Bayenthal neighborhood,the lower shelves are reserved for children’s literature only.“It is important that we make it easy for everyone to participate in this ‘reading culture on the street’—from old readers to kids to immigrants,”Aubermann said.

While most of the shelves have so far been put up in upscale neighborhoods,Aubermann and the 20 volunteers who help look after the project are planning to put up future shelves in poor neighborhoods,where citizens often don’t have as much access to literature.

8.Which of the following is TRUE about the public bookshelves?

APeople can take the books and leave their books at will.

BPeople can’ t borrow books unless they donate books.

CPeople can borrow whatever they like after registering.

DPeople have to return the books according to the required time.

9.According to Aubermann,the public bookshelves________.

Aare financed by local volunteers

Bhave been going well since their birth

Cwere managed by the local government

Dwill hold more books and take a shorter turnover

10.The underlined phrase “upscale neighborhoods” refers to________.

Acommunities that have many people

Bcommunities that have many tall buildings

Ccommunities that are free to live in

Dcommunities that are of high grade

11.Which might be the best title for the passage?

APublic Reading Becomes Popular Worldwide

BNew Trends of Bookshelves in Germany

CPublic Bookshelves Spread Across Germany

DReading Culture on the Street in Europe

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

“People are ruder today because they are rushed and more ‘time poor’ than ever before,” says Patsy Rowe, “ Manners have fallen off the radar(雷达).” Due to our strong attraction to electronic equipment it is a wonder more people don’t wake up each morning and greet the singing birds with a complaint about the noise. Here are some examples of rudeness.

Some people prefer to do almost everything over the internet. To them, dealing with an actual human is like an evolutionary step backward. It feels very slow because humans don’t work at 4G speeds. When you have dinner with friends, you will often notice someone paying more attention to his mobile phone. We have programmed ourselves to think that every new message brings life-changing news, so taking calls and checking our texts are more important than talking to the people we are with. What is worse, some people even tend to send anonymous(匿名的)rude messages by email.

However, rudeness is never acceptable. Dont assume it is OK to be rude if the person you’re in touch with wont recognize you. If you have something awful to say, have the courage to face the person and say it, write a letter or email and sign it, or forget it. Upsetting people with unsigned messages is cruel and annoying.

We shouldnt blame technology for our shortcomings. Technology is here to help us, but we should not allow it to take over our lives. An important step is admitting our shortcomings. People spend a lot of time pointing out bad manners but it would be even more helpful if we’d publicly recognize good manners when we see them.

12. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1?

APeople can tell good from bad behavior.

BRadar is able to observe human behavior.

CPeople care little about their behavior.

DRadar can be used to predict human behavior.

13. Some people are less willing to deal with humans because________.

Athey are becoming less patient

Bthey are growing too independent

Cthey have to handle many important messages

Dthey have to follow an evolutionary step backward.

14. The author thinks sending unsigned awful messages is ________.

Aridiculous

Bhateful

Cacceptable

DReasonable

15. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

AWe should praise good behavior.

BTechnology can never be blamed.

CWe should keep pointing out mistakes.

DTechnology will take over our lives one day.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

Once there was a king who received a gift of two magnificent falcons (猎鹰).They were the most beautiful birds he had ever seen.He gave the __ __ birds to his head falconer to be __  .

Months passed, and one day the head falconer informed the king that _  __ one of the falcons was flying high in the sky, the other bird had not __ _ from its branch since the day it had arrived.

The king ordered healers from all the land to ___  the falcon, but no one could make the bird fly.He __  the task to the members of his court, _ _ the next day, the king saw ___  _ the palace window that the bird had still not moved from its branch.

Having ___ _ everything else, the king thought to himself, “Maybe I need someone more _ _ the countryside to understand the nature of this problem.” So he cried out to his court, “Go and get a __ _.”

In the morning, the king was _ _ to see the falcon flying high above the palace garden.He said to his court, “__ _ me the doer of this miracle.”

The court quickly located the farmer, who came and stood before the king.The king asked him, “__ __ did you make the falcon fly?”

With his head __  _, the farmer said to the king, “It was very easy.I _  _ cut the branch where the bird was sitting.”

We are all made to fly—to realize our _  _  potential as human beings.But instead of doing that, we sit on our branches, hanging on to the things that are __  to us.The possibilities are __ _, but for most of us, they remain undiscovered.We __ _ to the familiar, the comfortable, the boring.So for the most part, our lives are mediocre (平庸的) instead of exciting, thrilling and fulfilling.

16.

Acurious

Bprecious

Cexpensive

Dclever

17.

Atested

Bexhibited

Cappreciated

DTrained

18.

Aas

Bif

Cthough

DSince

19.

Aeaten

Bsung

Cmoved

DWaken

20.

Atend to

Bwatch for

Cdrive away

Dpick up

21.

Areduced

Bpresented

Cremoved

DBrought

22.

Auntil

Bso

Cbut

DAs

23.

Athrough

Bacross

Cbeyond

DBehind

24.

Alearned

Btried

Cprepared

DUnderstood

25.

Abeneficial to

Bfit for

Cfriendly with

Dfamiliar with

26.

Afarmer

Bgardener

Cfalconer

DHealer

27.

Aembarrassed

Bthrilled

Canxious

DRelaxed

28.

ATell

BAward

CCreate

DBring

29.

AWhen

BWhy

CHow

DWhere

30.

Astretched

Bstuck

Cbowed

DTurned

31.

Asimply

Bnarrowly

Cnecessarily

DNearly

32.

Aunavoidable

Bvirtual

Cimaginary

DUnbelievable

33.

Aproper

Bfamiliar

Cunusual

DSimilar

34.

Aendless

Blimited

Cchangeable

DUncertain

35.

Aapply

Brefer

Cdirect

DStick

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

World Read Aloud Day is celebrated each year on the first Wednesday of March. It   (start) by the LitWorld.org website in 2010 and has now reached 65 countries.    aim is to encourage people worldwide who cannot read to enjoy the benefits of a book. The website asks everyone   (celebrate) the day by taking a book, finding an audience, and reading out aloud. It is about taking action to show the world that the right to read and write    (belong) to all people.

The website asks visitors to join in the movement to reduce    number of illiterate (不识字的) people in the world. It is   (absolute) necessary to help those who cannot read. The website says, "It's time to start by reading aloud to _   might like it. Share a book with a child who might need it, share a story with someone who would treasure it, listen patiently    someone else's story as they share with you." The United Nations says, "Literacy involves a variety of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge,      to participate fully in society." In that way, World Read Aloud Day does help make a   (different).

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

46.请修改下段文字的错误

With the growing popularity of the Internet, more and more children are addicted to play online games day and night. It does harm not only to their health, especial their eyes, but also to their studies.Comparing with online games, many traditional games, like hide-and-seek, benefits kids mentally and physically. They were ever popular with several generations, which not only learned anything valuable but also enjoyed playing the games. Therefore, the games are dying away now.Personally, I think teachers and parents should take measure to limit their children’s Internet time. Let children to know the harm of online games and the benefits of traditional

games. Help children judge healthy and unhealthy games. What’s more, we should often

organize events for children in which traditional games played.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

47.每年都有许多人外出旅游,一些人的不文明行为引起了社会的广泛关注。某英文报社正在举行以“文明旅游”为主题的讨论。假定你是李华,请你给报社写一封信,呼吁大家做文明游客。要点如下:

1)尊重习俗;  2)不高声喧哗;   3)其他

注意:1)词数100左右;

2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3)开头和结尾语已为你写好,不计入词总数。

Dear Editor,

I’ve read your discussions on how to behave properly while traveling.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours truly

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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