• 英语 2017年高三第一次统一调研测试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

For tourists holding the Barcelona Card, the information below will be useful if you plan to admire some artworks or architectures there.

Sagrada Familia

Opening hours: 09:00—18:00(0ctober —March); 09:00—20:00(April —September) Admission: $ 11,or $ 10 with the Barcelona Card

The project’s vast scale and its special design have made it one of Barcelona's top tourist attractions for many years.

La Pedrera

Opening hours: November—February: 09:00---18:30; March----October: 09:00一20.00 Admission: $ 9.50. Save 20% with the Barcelona Card.

It is a unique modernist building made of bricks and colorful tiles (瓦)Visitors can see the amazing 800 square meters attic(阁楼)with 270 brick arches that give you a feeling that you are walking inside the skeleton of a whale.

Barcelona FC Museum

Opening hours: 6th April~4th October: 10:00一20:00; the rest of the year: 10:00 —18:30

Admission: $ 8.50 for entry to the museum and $ 17 for a guided tour. •

When you buy your ticket you have two options: a ticket for the museum to see the football stadium or a special one for $ 15 where you get to see the stadium and the scenes at the club.

Picasso Museum

Opening hours: Check the website for details as they vary depending on the time of the year.

Admission: $ 9 for main exhibition-extra for special showings. Save 50% with the Barcelona Card.

The museum has arranged Picasso's paintings from his early days to his final works. Arranging the paintings in this way gives you a fascinating insight into the development of Picasso.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了持有the Barcelona Card可以看艺术品或建筑物的地方。

1. What do we know about the tourist attractions mentioned in the passage?

ASagrada Familia is the largest building in Barcelona.

BLa Pedrera is well-known for its colorful material.

CBarcelona FC Museum may attract football fans.

DPicasso Museum offers only one exhibition. •

2.If you visit the stadium and the club with a tour guide in Barcelona FC Museum, you should pay

A$25.5

B$34

C$42.5

D$32

3.What do the attractions have in common?

AThe Barcelona Card is a must for visiting them.

BThey are all famous for their architectural styles.

CTheir opening hours are changeable in different seasons.

DTourists can have a discount of 20% with the Barcelona Card.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Joanna Cole, born on August 11,1944 in Newark, New Jersey, has been credited to be one of the most popular children’s authors of all time. She has written over 250 books and is famous for writing one of the most popular children’s book series. She knew as early as 5th grade that she was interested in writing and science. Cole has owed a large part of her passion to one of her elementary school teachers.

Joanna Cole continued her education by attending the University of Massachusetts and Indiana. She would eventually earn a bachelor’s degree in psychology from the City College of New York in 1967 After graduation, Cole decided to take some education courses to become a librarian at a Brooklyn elementary school in 1967. Eventually, she would take jobs working for Newsweek, Seesaw book club.

Cole’s passion for writing and science was still alive and well during this time. In 1971 she decided to write her first book, Cockroaches. She did some research and discovered there had never been a book written for children about cockroaches. So she thought she would be the first

Cole struck gold when she wrote the first Magic School Bus in 1985. The book would go on to be published the following year and quickly became book series and cartoon series due to its success.

Cole continued to write both nonfiction and fiction books for children. She writes in a way that will hopefully inspire children to think like a scientist. She does this by writing ideas instead of just facts. She also tries to ask questions in her books that require children to think and discover the answers as they read. This creates an engaging experience for children, so it is no wonder why younger readers are hooked on her books.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了作家Joanna Cole成长经历。

4. When Joanna Cole was young, she

Awas very popular with children

Bgot inspired by one of her teachers

Cbegan her career of writing novels

Dknew what she would do in the future

5. What does the underlined phrase probably mean?

Amade a fortune

Bmade a promise

Cgot ideas

Dobtained help

6. What do we know about Joanna Cole?

AShe is the most famous woman writer in America.

BShe writes novels not only for kids but for adults.

CShe is an expert at getting science across to readers.

DShe has made great contributions to science.

7. What kind of person is Cole in the passage?

Apositive and brave

Bpopular and reliable

Cserious and honest

Dtalented and creative

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

As the effects of climate change set in, coastal cities such as the Italian city of Venice and the American city of New Orlean are slowly sinking. So is Bangkok. Officials in the city and scientists say they do not know how long people will be able to continue living in the Thai capital.

Thailand's military rulers are considering action. The National Reform Council wants the government to form a committee to deal with the warnings that Bangkok could be permanently underwater many years from now.

The Saen canal was built in Bangkok in the late 1830s. In a neighborhood near the waterway, walkways are breaking up. Walls on homes, small businesses and an Islamic center appear to be bending. The area is sinking about two centimeters a year, which is two times the average rate for the rest of Bangkok.

“I don’t know what to do.” says Vijitri Puangsiri who has lived in the neighborhood for 44 years. Her home needs to be repaired every year because of the sinking ground. The walkway in front of her century-old house where she operates a small restaurant must also be repeatedly repaired.

“If you travel on the canal boats, you can see how this is all hollow,” Somsak Kongeeng says, “The buildings are sinking because they were not built on solid foundations.” He joked that if we come back to see him again in 20 years, the water level will be almost as high as his head. But he is also partly serious. That might be only a small overstatement in a city that is, on average, just two meters above sea level.

Observers say two reasons for the sinking are a rising sea level and too much pumping of groundwater. Another reason, they say, is the decision by developers to build so many high-rises because they earn quantities of money by doing so. This kind of development worries those who are concerned with the rising water level.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍曼谷地基日渐下沉的情况及原因。

8. What do we know from the passage?

AVijitri Puangsiri’s home needs repairing owing to the broken walkway.

BThe Saen canal was a supporting evidence of the sinking ground.

CSomsak Kongeeng simply treats the sinking as a joke.

DBangkok is not suitable for people to live in any more.

9.To slow down the sinking of the city in a practical way, we suggest .

Areplacing the loose soil with concrete

Bforbidding pumping groundwater

Ccontrolling the construction of high-rises

Dstopping the rising of sea level

10.What is the writer's purpose of writing the passage?

ATo appeal to protect the city of Bangkok*

BTo explain the reasons for the sinking.

CTo stress the significance of Bangkok.

DTo inform us of the situation of Bangkok.

11. What is the best title of this passage?

AThe Saen Canal----Cause of the Sinking .

BA warning from Bangkok

CBangkok—a Coastal City at Risk

D.Reasons for the Sinking Building

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

It is reported that a record-breaking high-speed rail will connect Inner Mongolia in the north to Hainan in the south. The proposed line will operate at a speed of 350 kilometers per hour( 217mph).

Beginning in Inner Mongolia's Baotou city and running through southern Shanxi, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi and Guangdong, its final stop would be Haikou city on Hainan Island, China's southern province. Though the exact length of the proposed route has not been released, it will likely become the world’s longest high-speed rail line as the journey by road between Baotou and Haikou approximately 3,000 kilometers long, running from Beijing to Guangzhou.

The proposed rail is part of China’s aim to create another “silk Road of the 21 Century and improve the country's transportation network while driving land development and urbanization (城市 化)in some provincial areas. Many of the provinces through which the high-speed trains will travel are near major bodies of water, such as the Yellow River in Inner Mongolia and Shanxi provinces, the Yangtze River in Hubei and the South China Sea, where the line would end. It will also take passengers to popular tourist destinations including Zhangjiajie, Xi'an, Guilin and minority areas in western Hunan and Hubei.

“The country is now shifting its focus and investing in the western regions and economically underdeveloped areas, making up for China’s long debt to those areas,” Tan Yuzhi, a professor of Hubei University for Nationalities, told local media. “The project will significantly narrow regional gaps and solve minority issues•”

However, Deng Hongbing, director of China University of Geosciences,Center, said that if the north-to-south railway is to go ahead, there needs to be a sound ecological program in place to ensure the protection of these underdeveloped and ecologically sensitive areas.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了高速铁路的发展现状。

12.The passage informs us that the high-speed rail line .

Awill transport goods faster from north to south

Bwill do good to the environment alongside the line

Cwill benefit the underdeveloped areas a lot in the west

Dwill be the most convenient high-speed rail line in China

13.From Tan Yuzhi’s words we can infer

Athe situation in western regions is hard to predict

Bthe high-speed rail line will run across major cities

Ctourist destinations will be more popular along the rail line.

Dthe transportation system should be improved in minority groups.

14. What is Deng Hongbing's attitude towards the proposed project?

ACautious.

BDoubtful.

CPuzzled.

DIronic.

15.What is the passage mainly talking about?

AChina has decided to invest in the western areas.

BAnother high-speed train line is being planned.

CThe train will speed up to 350 kilometers per hour,

DChina has produced the best high-speed train line.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Lifestyle changes are a process that takes time and requires support. Here are five tips from the American Psychological Association to help you make lasting, positive lifestyle and behavior changes.

Make a plan that will stick.

Your plan is a map that will guide you on this journey of change. 16 Want to exercise more? Detail the time of day when you can take walks and how long you’ll walk. Write everything down, and ask yourself if you're confident that these activities and goals are realistic for you.

Start small.

After you've identified realistic short-term and long-term goals, break down your goals into small, manageable steps that can be measured. If your long-term goal is to lose 20 pounds within the next five months, a good weekly goal would be to lose one pound a week. 17

Change one behavior at a time.

Unhealthy behaviors develop over the course of time, so replacing unhealthy behaviors with healthy ones requires time. Many people run into problems when they try to change too much or too fast. 18 .

19

Whether it is a friend, co-worker or family member, someone else on your journey will keep you motivated and accountable. Perhaps it can be someone who will go to the gym with you or someone who is also trying to stop smoking.

Ask for support.

Accepting help from those who care about you and will listen strengthens your commitment. If you feel unable to meet your goals on your own, consider seeking help from psychologists.

Making changes lakes time and commitment, but you can do it. 20 Minor missteps on the road to your goals are normal and okay. Resolve to recover and get back on track.

A. Find a partner.

B. Communicating with your friends.

C. When making your plan, be specific.

D. Just keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E. .To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

F. By taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

G. Careful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者改变生活方式的一些建议。

16.

AFind a partner.

BCommunicating with your friends.

CWhen making your plan, be specific.

DJust keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E.To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

FBy taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

GCareful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

17.

AFind a partner.

BCommunicating with your friends.

CWhen making your plan, be specific.

DJust keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E.To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

FBy taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

GCareful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

18.

AFind a partner.

BCommunicating with your friends.

CWhen making your plan, be specific.

DJust keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E.To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

FBy taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

GCareful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

19.

AFind a partner.

BCommunicating with your friends.

CWhen making your plan, be specific.

DJust keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E.To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

FBy taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

GCareful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

20.

AFind a partner.

BCommunicating with your friends.

CWhen making your plan, be specific.

DJust keep it in mind that no one is perfect.

E.To improve your success, focus on one goal or change at a time.

FBy taking steps gradually you'll feel successful in meeting your goal.

GCareful planning means setting small goals and taking one step at a time.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

From the window of my room, I could see a tall cotton-rose hibiscus (木棉树). In spring, when green leaves were half 21_ in mist, the tree looked very attractive, 22_ with red flowers. This inspiring neighbor of mine often 23_ my mind working. I regarded it as my best friend 24bd_blank

However, when I opened the window one morning, to my amazement, the tree was almost 25_ beyond recognition as a result of the storm 26_ the night before. I was seized with a sudden sorrow at the thought “all the flowers are to fall”. I could not help 27_ with emotion: the course of life never runs 28_ , for there are so many ups and downs 29_ twists and turns. The process of my life saw my beloved friends parting one after another. Isn’t it 30_ to the flowers falling off the tree in the wind?

This event 31_ from my memory as time went by. One day after I came home, I found the room hard to breathe in and opened the window 32_ .Something outside caught my 33bd_blank and impressed me. It was a plum tree (李树)with flowers 34_ beautifully by the sunset. The surprise discovery filled me with pleasure. I wondered 35_ I had no idea of some tough life restarting over the fallen petals(花瓣)when I felt sorry for the hibiscus.

When the last petal 36_ , all the admiration for the hibiscus disappeared as if nothing was left, until the landscape was again decorated with the red plum flowers to 37_ people of life’s alternation and continuity. Can’t it be said that life is actually a symphony, a harmonious 38_ of loss and gain.

Standing by the window lost in thought for a long time, I realized that no scenery in the world remains 39_ As long as you keep your heart bathed in the sun, every dawn will present a fine start for you and the world will always be about 40_ _ hopes.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了一个残疾小女孩通过家人的帮助,练习画画,后来在the MFPA大力支持下,在画家的道路上越走越成功。

21.

Aburied

Bhidden

Cplaced

Dtrapped

22.

Adotted

Bsurrounded

Ccovered

Dmarked

23.

Aobserved

Bprevented

Cset

Dbore

24.

Aregularly

Bgenerally

Cnarrowly

Dgradually

25.

Abare

Bvacant

Cblank

Dempty

26.

Aeffect

Bfault

Cdamage

Dfeast

27.

Asighing

Byelling

Cswearing

Dteasing

28.

Alucky

Bsimple

Csmooth

Dcozy

29.

Aas many as

Bas well as

Crather than

Dregardless of

30.

Adue

Bcontrary

Cfamiliar

Dsimilar

31.

Asank

Bquit

Cmatured

Dfaded

32.

Amerely

Bactively

Ccasually

Dfiercely

33.

Aeye

Bnose

Csoul

Dmind

34.

Aset up

Bset off

Cput up

Dput off

35.

Awhy

Bif

Chow

Dwhen

36.

Aslipped

Bdropped

Cquit

Dbroke

37.

Aremind

Bwarn

Cconvince

Drid

38.

Adivision

Bdilemma

Ccomposition

Dconflict

39.

Aunlimited

Bunchanged

Cunspoiled

Dunexpected

40.

Avain

Bpractical

Cprevious

Dfresh

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

While Gail Obcamp, an American artist, was giving a speech on the art of brush painting to an audience that included visitors from Japan, she was confused_41____ (see) that many of her Japanese listeners had their eyes _42bd_blank___ (close). Were they trying to signal their rejection of her _43bd_blank___ (deliberate)? Later Obcamp made _44bd_blank__ clear that instead of being disrespectful, they were showing their respect by chewing on her words. Some day you may be either a speaker or a listener in a situation_45bd_blank___ (involve) people from other countries. Learning signals of respect in various_46bd_blank___ (culture) backgrounds can help you avoid misunderstandings.

Here are some examples. In the deaf culture of North America, many listeners show applause not by clapping their hands but by waving _47bd_blank___ in the air. In some minority groups in Africa, people show respect by looking_48bd_blank___ the general direction and meanwhile avoiding direct eye contact Whistling by listeners _49bd_blank___ (regard) as a sign of approval in some countries, _50bd_blank___ . it is a form of rudeness in other countries.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

51.原文批改

DearJack,

Thanksfor your last letter. I am pleasant to hear all your news. The big news from meis that our school has been offered three optional courses from which studentscan choose this term. It sounds fantastic, isn't it? The courses are given from4:00 to 5:30 every Thursday afternoon. Students interested in computers,speaking English and arts are crazy about them. They say they have learnedwhich is not taught in textbooks and got a great deal practice. However,students felt unsatisfied. They hope that more optional courses will be offeredand the homework will be less. I'm also planning to take the course ortwo-probable in April. Hope to accept your suggestions.

Allthe best!

Yours,

Roger



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52.假如你是李华,你的朋友李明急于提高英语口语,你得知消息后,给他写信向他推荐一家 英语学习网站iSpeak,请根据以下提示对其作简要介绍并说明推荐理由。

主要业务:提供网上英语口语教学

特点:1 —对一(one~on~one)交流;

2 老师全部为外教;

3 价格合理,时间灵活。

注意:1 词数100左右

2 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3 开头和结尾部分已写好,不计入总词数;

DearLi Ming,

Hearingthat__________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________  Best wishes!

Yourssincerely

 Li Hua



分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
  • 上一题
  • 1/9
  • 下一题

点击 “立即下载”

即可下载本试卷,含解析哦

知道啦