• 英语 平顶山市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

It was days or even weeks since I had been left on the island. My only companion was a dog called Philly which had survived the shipwreck. Memories of what happened were still fresh.

The magnificence of the ship had given us all a false sense of security. As the first signs of the storm started, our captain announced it was nothing much, just another storm. Yet, he was wrong! The storm hit the ship so badly that large holes were made at the sides of the ship. As the freezing water started rushing in, our ship was consumed quickly by the dark water.

My train of thought was disturbed by Philly licking my hand dearly. Are you hungry? I spoke my first words ever since the shipwreck occurred. Woof, woof! Barked Philly enthusiastically. At this moment, my stomach gave a loud growl, too. I could not remember when my last meal was, probably a ten-course dinner on the ship. As I had never fished before, I thought maybe I could try something simpler, like picking fruits. With Philly at my side, armed with a sharp branch, we walked into the forest on the island together. Suddenly I thought I heard noises. Could there be anyone else on this island? I wondered. As we were looking for fruit trees, we chanced upon one that bore yellow, juicy-looking fruit. Philly started barking-we had company. It was a dark-skinned woman, holding a sharp spear, dressed in fur and grass. I backed away from her, afraid that she would be aggressive. Then, I saw that she was trying to save us. Pointing her spear at the fruit tree, she shook her head strongly.

I nodded at her to show I understood what she was saying. Signaling to us to follow her, she turned to walk along a small path that I had never noticed. At the end of the small path, there was a small village. Tears of joy filled my eyes.

21. The writer had been left on the island because _________.

Athe captain had deserted him.

Bhe wanted to explore the island.

Chis ship had crashed in the storm

Dhis ship had broken down in the shallow water.

22. Which of the following statements is true about the dog Philly?

AHe was friendly but aggressive.

BHe was also a survival of the shipwreck.

CHe had been brought to the ship by the writer.

DHe was left alone while the writer went for food.

23. The woman pointed her spear at the fruit tree intending to tell the writer that _________.

Athe fruits were not the best choice.

Bthe fruits were unfit for food.

Che was prohibited to pick the fruits

Dthe fruit tree was dangerous.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

With more recognition than Halloween and less than Christmas, Valentine’s Day as an imported festival faces a dangerous situation in China, where it’s caught between forces of tradition and fashion. Valentine’s Day has a natural enemy in China. And it is not the Chinese equivalent, which falls on the seventh day of the seventh month on the lunar calendar, usually around half a year away from Feb. 14. It is the Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year, that will influence the Feast of Saint Valentine.

The real disagreement between East and West probably took place over a century ago, when China’s door was forced open by Western powers and Chinese scholars supported westernization as a means to strengthen our nation’s ability to compete. The introduction of the solar calendar and Western measurements was both an acknowledgment of their influence and an effort to be accepted by the world order.

For a full century, we have had two systems running in parallel. When it comes to the eventual outcome, practicality usually beats all other concerns. Laws can help, such as the three traditional festivals of Tomb Sweeping, Dragon Boat and Mid-Autumn gaining legal status in 2008 and giving every Chinese citizen a day off, but laws cannot push what people have no feelings for. So, the celebration or boycott of imported holidays or homegrown ones should be no cause for worry. If they are irrelevant, no social media will change the public’s mind; and if they are accepted, there must be a need which they happen to satisfy.

Since we have no global Qin Shihuang to force one system on every country, we can always rely on a dual (双重) approach by which we share with the outside world on one hand but preserve our own ways of life on the other.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者讲述了两种纪年方式的产生和发展及相互影响。

24. What does the author think about Valentine’s Day in present China?

AIt meets with a natural enemy.

BIt is better known than Christmas.

CIt strongly attacks Chinese culture.

DIt is more popular with young people.

25. The underlined word “equivalent” in the first paragraph refers to ________.

Athe Dragon-boat Festival

Bthe Spring Festival

Cthe Mid-autumn Festival

Dthe Chinese Valentine’s Day

26. According to the author, the leading factor to decide what to celebrate is ________.

Acurrent laws

Bpeople’s needs

Cpublic media

Dage-old tradition

27. The author believes that ________.

Athe conflict between the East and the West will last long

BChinese festivals are to be paid more attention to in years

Cboth Chinese and foreign systems of festivals can co-exist in China

Dthis cultural shock is normal and will be received by more people in the future

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Instagram is a fast, beautiful and fun way to share your life with friends and family. Take a picture or video, choose a filter to transform its look and feel, and then post to Instagram—it’s that easy. You can even share to FaceBook, Twitter and more.It’s a new way to see the world. So many photos of food are contained on Instagram—now a pop-up diner in London is taking advantage of this new trend by letting people settle the bill for their meals simply by uploading photos of their dishes to social networks.

I always thought people’s taking pictures of their food was kind of silly, but at this new pop-up restaurant in the UK, I’d probably do it too. “The Picture House” is the world’s first pay-by-photo restaurant. You order, click a photo of the food, share on Instagram and eat for free!

The restaurant belongs to frozen food giant Birds Eye, who came up with the idea to cash in on people’s addiction with photographing food and sharing the pictures online. They conducted a survey and found out that more than half of the British population regularly took pictures of their meals.So they realized it was a better way to advertise their new dining range.

The pop-up diner was open in SOHO,London for three days in May, and is now moving to other major UK cities.They serve two-course meals that customers don’t have to pay for, if they photo and Instagram it.

The restaurant is a part of Birds Eye’s “Food for Life” campaign, a new marketing project that aims at changing the way people look at frozen food. “Taking photos of food enables people to show off and to share their mealtime moments—from the everyday to the special,” said marketing director Margaret Jobling.

The reaction to the Picture House has been great so far. And the pay-by-picture concept has proven to be an effective way. Alternative payment methods are actually gaining popularity among a lot of businesses. Last year in a cafe in Germany customers pay by how much time they spend there, not by what they eat.

28. From the description in the passage we can see Instagram is________.

Aa restaurant in which meals are free

Ba new marketing strategy of a restaurant

Cthe name of a company to collect food pictures

Dan application software to share photos or videos

29. What the Picture House does is actually _______.

Aan ad to expand its popularity

Ba reward to its regular customers

Can effort to raise the price of their frozen food

Da method trying to change British people’s type of dining

30. What can be inferred from the passage?

AThe pay-by-picture concept has received a great reaction.

BMeals are free if you send your pictures to the Picture House.

CThe pop-up diner was open in SOHO,London for three days in May.

DTaking and sharing photos of their meals has become a new trend in Britain.

31. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

APay by Picture.

BThe Picture House.

CNo Picture, No Meal.

DNew Dining Style.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Have you ever wondered that we parents are the true fighters in the college-admission wars? We are pushing our kids to get good grades, take SAT preparatory courses and build resumes so they can get into the college of our first choice. In our eyes, a degree from Stanford or Princeton is the ticket for life. We see our kids’ college background as something showing how well or how poorly we’ve raised them. But we don’t realize we are selfish. We think more about ourselves than the kids.

It’s true getting into college has generally become tougher because the number of high school graduates has grown. We suffer great anxiety; we worry there won’t be enough honors to show off. Fearful parents urge their children to apply to more schools than ever. We hold the belief that graduates of best universities must enjoy more success because they get a better education. All that is seemingly acceptable—and mostly wrong.

“We haven’t found any convincing evidence that a prestigious university(名牌大学) matters,” says Ernest T. Pascarella of the University of Iowa, co-author of “How College Affects Students”, an 827-page report of hundreds of studies of the college experience.

According to some studies, graduates of prestigious universities do earn much money. But even this seems like just a coincidence.

Kids count more than their colleges. Getting into Yale may mean intelligence, talent and ambition. But there are many other things that are equally important. The reason: so many similar people go elsewhere. Getting into college isn’t life’s only competition. In the next competition, the results may change. Princeton economists Alan Krueger studied admissions to one top Ph. D. program. High scores on the GRE helped explain who got in; degrees of prestigious universities didn’t .

So, parents, lighten up. America is a competitive society; our kids need to adjust to that but too much pushiness can be destructive. The very ambition we place on our children may get some into Harvard but may also set them up for disappointment. They may have been so accustomed to being on top that anything less disappoints them.

32. Parents are the true fighters in the college-admission wars, probably because_____.

Athey make more preparations than their children.

Bthey focus on the results more than their children.

Cthey decide which university fits their children best.

Dthey think more about themselves than their children.

33. The writer believes that in the present USA .

Aa top college means a bright future

Bchildren suffer greater anxiety now than in the past

Cbeing admitted to college has become more and more difficult

Dchildren should apply to more schools than ever to enter a top college

34. What is the meaning behind the sentence “kids count more than their colleges”?

AContinuing education is more important to a person’s success.

BA person’s happiness should be valued more than their education.

CWhat kids learn at college cannot match job market requirements.

DKids’ actual abilities are more important than their college background.

35. What does Krueger’s study suggest?

AGetting into Ph.D. programs may be more competitive than getting into college.

BDegrees of prestigious universities do not guarantee entry to graduate programs.

CGraduates from prestigious universities do not care much about their GRE scores.

DConnections built in prestigious universities may be kept long after graduation.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

The Internet has opened up a whole new on-line world for us to meet, chat and go where we've never been before. But just as in face-to-face communication, there are some rules of behavior that should be followed when online.       . Imagine how you'd feel if you were in the other person's shoes. For anything you're about to send: ask yourself, "Would I say this to the person's face?" If the answer is no, rewrite and reread. Repeat the process till you feel sure that you'd feel comfortable saying the words to the person's face.

If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct is to fire back in the same manner.            . You should either ignore the person, or use your chat software to block their messages. If it was caused by a disagreement with another member, try to fix the situation by politely discussing it. Remember to respect the beliefs and opinions of others in the chat room.

 . Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes a mistake whether it's a stupid question or an unnecessarily long answer be kind about it. If it's a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. Even if you feel strongly about, think twice before saying anything. Having good manners yourself doesn't give you license to correct everyone else.      . At the same time, if you find you are wrong be sure to correct yourself and apologize to those that you have offended.

 . The exception is that you know the person very well, and you are both comfortable with sharing personal information. Otherwise don't.

ABut try not to do so.

BEveryone was new to the network once.

CIf you decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely.

DSome people speaking rudely or making mistakes online is natural and common.

EThe basic rule is simple: treat others in the same way you would want to be treated.

FIf you want to send short messages to others online,be sure to say something polite first.

GIt is not good manners to ask others personal questions or inquire about their private affairs.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

The hardest arithmetic to master is that which enables us to count our blessings.

- Eric Hoffer

According to legend, a young man while walked in the desert came across a spring of delicious crystal-clear water. The water was so sweet, he     his leather canteen so that he            bring some back to an elder who had been his teacher. After a four-day journey he      the water to the old man who took a      drink, smiled warmly and thanked his student for the sweet water. The young man returned to his village      a happy heart.

Later, the teacher let another student       the water. He spat it out, saying it was     . It apparently had become sour      the old leather container. The student     his teacher: "Master, the water was foul. Why did you      to like it?" The teacher replied, "You only tasted the water. I tasted the      . The water was simply the container for an act of loving-kindness and      could be sweeter."

I think we understand this lesson best     we receive innocent gifts of love from young children.      it's a jewel or a stone the natural and proper response is     and expressed thankfulness because we love the idea      the gift.

Gratitude doesn't always come naturally.      , most children and many adults value only the thing given       the feeling in it. We should remind ourselves and teach our children about the beauty and     of feelings and expressions of gratitude.     , gifts from the heart are really gifts of the heart.

41.

Acleared

Bemptied

Cfilled

Dfreed

42.

Ashould

Bcould

Cneeded

Ddared

43.

Acontributed

Bdelivered

Cposted

Dpresented

44.

Adeep

Blong

Chard

Dbroad

45.

Abeyond

Bwith

Cwithout

Dunder

46.

Abreathe

Bsuck

Ctaste

Dlick

47.

Asweet

Bdirty

Csalty

Dawful

48.

Abecause of

Bdespite of

Cinstead of

Dregardless of

49.

Aoffended

Bchallenged

Cquestioned

Ddemanded

50.

Atry

Bintend

Cpretend

Dwant

51.

Afeeling

Bgift

Cdish

Dmood

52.

Asomething

Bnothing

Ceverything

Danything

53.

Abefore

Bafter

Cwhen

Duntil

54.

AEither

BNeither

CHowever

DWhether

55.

Aappreciation

Bexcitement

Cdisappointment

Dsatisfaction

56.

Afor

Bwithin

Cabout

Dover

57.

ALuckily

BHonestly

CUnfortunately

DActually

58.

Arather than

Bother than

Cmore than

Dless than

59.

Aheight

Bdepth

Caccuracy

Dpurity

60.

AAbove all

BIn all

CAfter all

DAt all

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Complaints exist everywhere around you. If you don’t believe me, count how many times you complain about something or other in one day. Whether it being       (stick) in traffic, being bothered      the weather, not enough mustard on your sandwich,       whatever it is, there are endless instances       you can find a reason       (complain). We complain that we don’t have enough time, and that we don’t have enough money, etc. I know I’ve experienced plenty of        (unpleasant) due to complaining about things I can’t control. Imagine how much       (happy) you would be if you      (stop) complaining? Much of what you complain about is outside of your control anyway. So        is the point of complaining about something you have no power to change?           (simple) becoming conscious of how much you complain is the first step to stopping. When you recognize that you’re complaining, stop and take notice of it. Ask yourself if you would rather complain, or be happy.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

71.修改下段句子中的错误

How time flies! A week have passed before I noticed it. Looking back on the things that happening last week, I found the life here full with happiness and interests. I can still remember the first day of the summer camp. I came to my bedroom by myself. When I opened a door, I saw a girl with short hair seating in a chair with a book in her hand. She must be a quiet girl who liked reading, I thought myself at the time. After we said hello to each other, other girl came in with a big noise. Her name was Rose. She was so outgoing and humor that both Cherry and I couldn’t help laughing at her words. Then we had studied and had meals together, and became good friends. I can’t forget the day when we spent together no matter where we are in the future.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假定你是李华,你的好朋友Judy因考试发挥失常,导致成绩不理想而情绪低落。请你给他写封信表示安慰,要点如下:

1) 对她目前状况表示理解;

2) 建议她找出失常的原因并吸取教训;

3) 鼓励她树立信心,争取下次考出好成绩。

注意:

1) 词数100左右;

2) 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3) 开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Judy,

I’m sorry to hear that you didn’t do well in your exam and

___________________________

_________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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