• 2017年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)
前去估分
简答题(综合题) 本大题共89分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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2.

B

       I work with Volunteers for Wildlife, arescue and education organization at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley. Tryingto help injured, displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking; survival isnever certain. However, when it works, it is simply beautiful.

       I got a rescue call from a woman inMuttontown. She had found a young owl(猫头鹰) on the ground. When I arrived, I saw a 2-to 3-week-old owl. It hadalready zxxk.been placed in a carrier for safety.

       I examined the chick(雏鸟) and it seemed fine. If I couldlocate the nest, I might have been able to put it back, but no luck. My nextwork was to construct a nest and anchor it in a tree.

       The homeowner was very helpful. A wirebasket was found. I put some pine branches into the basket to make this nestsafe and comfortable. I placed the chick in the nest, and it quickly calmeddown.

       Now all that was needed were the parents,but they were absent. I gave the homeowner a recording of the hunger screams ofowl chicks. These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might alsoencourage our chick to start calling as well. I gave the owner as muchinformation as possible and headed home to see what news the night might bring.

       A nervous night to be sure,but sometimesthe spirits of nature smile on us all! The homeowner called to say that theparents had responded to the recordings. I drove over and saw the chick in thenest looking healthy and active. And it was accompanied in the nest by thegreatest sight of all — LUNCH!The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to doso.

(24)What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according ro paragraph 1?A.Efforts made in vain.B.Getting injured in his work.C.Feeling uncertain about his future.D.Creatures forced out of their homes.

(25)Why was the author called to Muttontown?A.To rescue a woman.B.To take care of a woman.C.To look at a baby owl.D.To cure a young owl.

(26)What made the chick calm down?A.A new nest.B.Some food.C.A recording.D.Its parents.

(27)How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?A.It’s unexpected.B. It’s beautiful.C. It’s humorous.D. It’s discouraging.  



分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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3.

C

Some of the world’s most famous musiciansrecently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to celebrate the first annualInternational Jazz Day. UNESCO( United Nations Educational, Scientific andCultural Organization) recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness ofjazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying(联合) voice across cultures.

Despite the celebrations, though, in theU.S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music hasfailed to connect with younger generations.

It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that.As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen theaudience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history andculture.

“Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite,”Moran tells National Public Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. “What I’m hoping toaccomplish is that mu generation and younger start to reconsider and understandthat jazz is not black and write anymore. It’s actually color, and it’sactually digital.”

Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that theentertainment aspect of the music has been lost. “The music can’t be presentedtoday the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move, because theway the world works is not the same,” says Moran.

Last year, Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’smusic for a dance party, “Just to kind of put it back in the mind that Walleris dance music as much as it is concert music,” says Moran. “For me, it’s therecontextualization. In music, where does the emotion(情感) lie? Are we, as abstract as aCharlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and ourthoughts? Sometimes we lose sight that the music has a wider context,” saysMoran, “So I want to continue those dialogue. Those are the things I want tofoster.”

(28)Why did UNESCOset April 30 as International Jazz Day?A.To remember the birth of jazz.B.To protect cultural diversity.C.To encourage people to study music.D.To recognize the value of jazz.

(29)What does theunderlined word “that” in Paragraph 3 refer to?A.Jazz becoming more accessible.B.The production of jazz growing faster.C.Jazz being less popular with theyoung.D.The jazzaudience becoming larger.

(30)What can weinfer about Moran’s opinion on jazz?A.It will disappear gradually.B.It remains black and white.C.It should keep up with the times.D.It changes every 50 years.

(31)Which of thefollowing can be the best title for the text?A.Exploring the Future of jazz.B.The Rise and Fall of jazz.C.The Story of a jazz Musician.D.Celebrating the Jazz Day.



分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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4.

D

A buld-it-yourself solar still(蒸馏器) is one of the best ways toobtain drinking water in areas where the liquid is not readily available.Developed by two doctors in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it’s anexcellent water collector. Unfortunately, you must carry the necessaryequipment with you, since it’s all but impossible to find natural substitutes.The only components required, though, are a 5’×5’ sheet ofclear or slightly milky plastic, six feet of plastic tube, and a container—perhaps just a drinking cup — to catch the water. These pieces can be foldedinto a neat little pack and fastened on your belt.

 To construct a working still, use a sharpstick or rock to dig a hole four feet across and three feet deep. Try to makethe hole in a damp area to increase the water catcher’s  productivity. Place your cup in the deepestpart of the hole. Then lay the tube in place so that one end rests all the wayin the cup and the rest of the line runs up — and out — the side of the hole.

   Next, cover the hole with the plastic sheet,securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet’s center downwith a rock. The plastic should now form a cone(圆锥体) with 45-degree-angled sides. The low point of the sheet must becentered directly over, and no more than three inches above, the cup.

   The solar still works by creating agreenhouse under the plastic. Ground water evaporates (蒸发) and collects on the sheet untilsmall drops of water form, run down the material and fall off into the cup.When the container is full, you can suck the refreshment out through the tube,and won’t have to break down the still every time you need a drink.

(32)What do weknow about the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?   A.It’s

delicate.          B.It’s expensive. C.It’scomplex.                  D.It’s portable

(33)What does theunderlined phrase “the water catcher” in paragraph 2 refer      to?A.The tube       B.The still   C.The hole                         D.The cup

(34)What’s thelast step of constructing a working solar still? A.Dig a hole of a certain

 size  B.Putthe cup in place  C.Weight the sheet’s centerdown        D.Cover the hole with the plastic sheet

(35)When a solarstill works, drops of water come into the cup form.A.the plastic

 tube  B.outside the hole C.the open air   D.beneath the sheet



分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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5.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

If anyone had told me three years ago that I would be spending most of my weekends camping. I would have laughed heartily. Campers, in my eyes, were people who enjoyed insects bites, ill-cooked meals, and uncomfortable sleeping bags. They had nothing in common with me.     36    .

The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer.

37    We  sleep  in  a  tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked a long distance to take the shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit with Mother Nature cost me two days off from  work, recovering from a bad case of sunburn and the doctor`s bill for my son`s food poisoning.

I was, nevertheless, talked into going on another fun-filled holiday in the wilderness.

38    Instead, we had a pop-up camper with comfortable beds and an air conditioner. My nature-loving friends had remembered to bring all the necessities of life.

39    We have done a lot of it since. Recently, we bought a twenty-eight-foot travel trailer complete with a bathroom and a built-in TV set. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with a refrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains.

40     It must be true that sooner or later, everyone finds his or her way back to nature. I recommend that you find your way in style.A.This time there was no tent.B.Things are going to be improved.C.The trip they took me on was a rough one.D.I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.E.I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping. F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,主要描述作者对露营态度的改变。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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6.第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

While high school does not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life,college sets the stage for that exploration. I myself went through this  41  process and found something that has changed my  42  at college for the better:I discovered ASL-American Sign Language(美式手语).

I never felt an urge to  43  any sign language before.My entire family is hearing,and so are all my friends.The  44   language were enough in all my interactions(交往).Little did I know that I would discover my  45    for ASL.

The   46    began during my first week at college. I watched as the ASL Club    47    their translation of a song. Both the hand movements and the very   48    of communicating without speaking   49  me. What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the   50   .This newness just left me   51   more.

After that, feeling the need to   52   further, I decided to drop in on one of ASLclub`s meetings. I only learned how to   53   the alphabet that day. Yet instead of beingdiscouraged by my   54   progress,I was excited. I then made it a pointto   55   those meetings and learn all I could.

     The following term, I   56   an ASL class. The professor was deaf and anytalking was   57   . I soon realized that the silence wasnot unpleasant.  58   , if there had been any talking, itwould have   59   usto learn less. Now, I appreciate the silence and the   60   way of communication it opens.



分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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7. (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界)    61      a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side    62    (effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.

  Fat and salt are very important parts of adiet. They are required    63    (process) the food that we eat, torecover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt     64    (remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something. As    65    result, people will eat more food to try tomake up for that something missing. Even      66    (bad),  the amount of fast food that people eat goesup. Fast food     67     (be) full of fat and salt; by    68    (eat) more fast food people will get more saltand fat than they need in their diet.

  Having enough fat and salt in your meals willreduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be    69     (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything,it is possible to have too much of both,     70    is not good for the health.



分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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8.第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday, I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was. Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once I started the car, my mind goes blank, I forgot what he had said to me altogether. The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!” “Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which direction was left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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9.第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,正在教你的英国朋友Leslie学习汉语。请你写封邮件告知下次上课的计划。内容包括:

(1)时间和地点;

(2)内容:学习唐诗;

(3)课前准备:简要了解唐朝的历史。

注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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