• 英语 2018年高三云南省第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

    Here comes the theatre forecast for both openings and previews. Every one of the following is definitely a visual feast. Never hesitate to take a look, and there’s one special for you!

    Amélie

    Phillipa Soo stars in a musical adaptation of the 2001 film, by Craig Lucas, Daniel Messé, and Nathan Tysen, about a young woman who spreads joy in Montmartre. 

    Walter Kerr, 219 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens April 3.

    The Antipodes

    The playwright (剧作家) Annie Baker returns, with a piece about storytelling, directed by Lila Neugebauer and featuring Josh Charles, Phillip James Brannon, and Josh Hamilton. 

    Pershing Square Signature Center, 480 W. 42nd St. 212-244-7529. Previews begin April 4.

    The Chocolate Factory

    Christian Borle plays Willy Wonka in this musical version of the Road Dahl book, featuring new songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman and a book by David Greig. 

    Lunt-Fontanne, 205 W. 46th St. 877-250-2929. In previews.

    A Doll’s House II

    Lucas Hnath’s play, starring Laurie Metcalf, Chris Cooper, Jayne Houdyshell, and Condola Rasha, picks up years after Ibsen’s classic leaves off, with the return of its heroine, Nora. Sam Gold directs.

    Golden, 252W. 45th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin March 30.

    Groundhog Day

    Tim Minchin and Danny Rubin wrote this musical version of the 1993 Bill Murray comedy, about a misanthropic (厌世的) weatherman forced to repeat the same day over and over. Matthew Warchus directs. 

    August Wilson, 245 W. 52nd St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens March 30.

    Indecent

    Rebecca Taichman directs Paula Vogel’s play, a transfer from the Vineyard, which tells the story of the controversial 1923 Broadway production of Sholem Asch’s Yiddish drama God of Vengeance

    Cort, 138 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin April 4.

Which of the following is true about the plays according to the text?

AThe Antipodes tells a story of passing joy to others.

BThe Chocolate Factory brings you some new songs with it.

C Indecent has been a controversial play since it was produced in 1923.

DGroundhog Day is a musical showing a wealthy man living a fixed life.

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                                A

    Here comes the theatre forecast for both openings and previews. Every one of the following is definitely a visual feast. Never hesitate to take a look, and there’s one special for you!

    Amélie

    Phillipa Soo stars in a musical adaptation of the 2001 film, by Craig Lucas, Daniel Messé, and Nathan Tysen, about a young woman who spreads joy in Montmartre. 

    Walter Kerr, 219 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens April 3.

    The Antipodes

    The playwright (剧作家) Annie Baker returns, with a piece about storytelling, directed by Lila Neugebauer and featuring Josh Charles, Phillip James Brannon, and Josh Hamilton. 

    Pershing Square Signature Center, 480 W. 42nd St. 212-244-7529. Previews begin April 4.

    The Chocolate Factory

    Christian Borle plays Willy Wonka in this musical version of the Road Dahl book, featuring new songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman and a book by David Greig. 

    Lunt-Fontanne, 205 W. 46th St. 877-250-2929. In previews.

    A Doll’s House II

    Lucas Hnath’s play, starring Laurie Metcalf, Chris Cooper, Jayne Houdyshell, and Condola Rasha, picks up years after Ibsen’s classic leaves off, with the return of its heroine, Nora. Sam Gold directs.

    Golden, 252W. 45th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin March 30.

    Groundhog Day

    Tim Minchin and Danny Rubin wrote this musical version of the 1993 Bill Murray comedy, about a misanthropic (厌世的) weatherman forced to repeat the same day over and over. Matthew Warchus directs. 

    August Wilson, 245 W. 52nd St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens March 30.

    Indecent

    Rebecca Taichman directs Paula Vogel’s play, a transfer from the Vineyard, which tells the story of the controversial 1923 Broadway production of Sholem Asch’s Yiddish drama God of Vengeance

    Cort, 138 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin April 4.

What can we learn from the text about the plays?

A The whole play of Groundhog Day is on at present.

BThe Chocolate Factory is a musical version of an old drama.

CThe previews of A Doll’s House II can be available in April.

DAmélie is adapted from Broadway dramas produced in the 1900s.

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1

                                A

    Here comes the theatre forecast for both openings and previews. Every one of the following is definitely a visual feast. Never hesitate to take a look, and there’s one special for you!

    Amélie

    Phillipa Soo stars in a musical adaptation of the 2001 film, by Craig Lucas, Daniel Messé, and Nathan Tysen, about a young woman who spreads joy in Montmartre. 

    Walter Kerr, 219 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens April 3.

    The Antipodes

    The playwright (剧作家) Annie Baker returns, with a piece about storytelling, directed by Lila Neugebauer and featuring Josh Charles, Phillip James Brannon, and Josh Hamilton. 

    Pershing Square Signature Center, 480 W. 42nd St. 212-244-7529. Previews begin April 4.

    The Chocolate Factory

    Christian Borle plays Willy Wonka in this musical version of the Road Dahl book, featuring new songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman and a book by David Greig. 

    Lunt-Fontanne, 205 W. 46th St. 877-250-2929. In previews.

    A Doll’s House II

    Lucas Hnath’s play, starring Laurie Metcalf, Chris Cooper, Jayne Houdyshell, and Condola Rasha, picks up years after Ibsen’s classic leaves off, with the return of its heroine, Nora. Sam Gold directs.

    Golden, 252W. 45th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin March 30.

    Groundhog Day

    Tim Minchin and Danny Rubin wrote this musical version of the 1993 Bill Murray comedy, about a misanthropic (厌世的) weatherman forced to repeat the same day over and over. Matthew Warchus directs. 

    August Wilson, 245 W. 52nd St. 212-239-6200. In previews. Opens March 30.

    Indecent

    Rebecca Taichman directs Paula Vogel’s play, a transfer from the Vineyard, which tells the story of the controversial 1923 Broadway production of Sholem Asch’s Yiddish drama God of Vengeance

    Cort, 138 W. 48th St. 212-239-6200. Previews begin April 4.

If you want to watch an original play, you can choose ________.

AAmélie

BThe Antipodes

CThe Chocolate Factory

DIndecent

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                                B

    Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher. 

    If I have learned anything in my 18 years, it is communication that is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let others know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything. 

    Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say "Hi", and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.

    If you looked up the word "communication" in a dictionary, it would say "the exchange of ideas, the conveyance of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message". To maintain a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note. 

    When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.

    This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, but when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. 

    Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble. Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, tell the other person how you feel -- listening is the key factor to communication.

What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

AThe disagreement between generations.

BThe importance of communication.

CThe great importance of keeping silent.

DThe necessity of making your feeling known.

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                                B

    Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher. 

    If I have learned anything in my 18 years, it is communication that is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let others know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything. 

    Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say "Hi", and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.

    If you looked up the word "communication" in a dictionary, it would say "the exchange of ideas, the conveyance of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message". To maintain a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note. 

    When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.

    This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, but when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. 

    Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble. Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, tell the other person how you feel -- listening is the key factor to communication.

When parents and children are in communication, the key to a happy relationship is that _____.

Aparents should listen to their children

Bchildren should always obey their parents

Cparents and children should not yell or ignore 

Dequality plays a part in family communication

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                                B

    Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher. 

    If I have learned anything in my 18 years, it is communication that is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let others know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything. 

    Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say "Hi", and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.

    If you looked up the word "communication" in a dictionary, it would say "the exchange of ideas, the conveyance of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message". To maintain a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note. 

    When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.

    This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, but when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. 

    Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble. Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, tell the other person how you feel -- listening is the key factor to communication.

 What does the example in this passage prove?

A Sophie’s parents did a good job in listening to her.

B Children should first explain themselves to their parents.

CCommunication is the solution to misunderstanding.

DParents would be mad at their children’s returning home late.

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                                B

    Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher. 

    If I have learned anything in my 18 years, it is communication that is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let others know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything. 

    Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say "Hi", and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.

    If you looked up the word "communication" in a dictionary, it would say "the exchange of ideas, the conveyance of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message". To maintain a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note. 

    When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.

    This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, but when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. 

    Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble. Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, tell the other person how you feel -- listening is the key factor to communication.

What can we learn from the passage?

AWalk away instead of yelling if communication fails. 

BIt is better to say "Hi" to others than say nothing.

CTalking is more important than listening in 

DYou should feel good about yourself when communicating.

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                                C

    Mass communication has been growing and affecting the way communities and people behave. At every stage of the development of communication, from the telegraph to the Internet, societies have had to adapt to its effects. But have the effects been more positive or negative?

    The saying “knowledge is power” has been an excellent motivator for people to improve their lives, but today the massive amount of information available through the Internet doesn’t always seem to be helping people in the way we’d hoped. Rather than improving people’s lives and bringing us closer together, the information age is making us more divided and irresponsible.

    Nevertheless, many people find comfort in their virtual (虚拟的) worlds and are happy to connect with real-life friends and online friends from the familiar surroundings of their living rooms. However, being able to reinvent themselves online and be whoever they want to be leads to the question of whether they are losing their identities by living in a virtual world. It’s not all bad news, however. Mass communication has helped change some attitudes for the better. Take our views on the environment for example. Internet campaigns by governments and other organizations have helped popularize the ideas of recycling, protecting wildlife and reducing pollution.

    Modern electronic communication now influences every aspect of our lives - it is a powerful tool that has raised some concerns for society. However, it has also brought countless benefits to society. At the end of the day, it can be used both for good or evil, which largely relies on the morals and sense of responsibility of the individual or community involved. In short, it needs to be used with care.

    According to the text, the information age today _____.

Ahelps people improve their lives

Bfully shows "Knowledge is power"

Cmakes people feel more connected to others

Dfails to achieve our expectations sometimes

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                                C

    Mass communication has been growing and affecting the way communities and people behave. At every stage of the development of communication, from the telegraph to the Internet, societies have had to adapt to its effects. But have the effects been more positive or negative?

    The saying “knowledge is power” has been an excellent motivator for people to improve their lives, but today the massive amount of information available through the Internet doesn’t always seem to be helping people in the way we’d hoped. Rather than improving people’s lives and bringing us closer together, the information age is making us more divided and irresponsible.

    Nevertheless, many people find comfort in their virtual (虚拟的) worlds and are happy to connect with real-life friends and online friends from the familiar surroundings of their living rooms. However, being able to reinvent themselves online and be whoever they want to be leads to the question of whether they are losing their identities by living in a virtual world. It’s not all bad news, however. Mass communication has helped change some attitudes for the better. Take our views on the environment for example. Internet campaigns by governments and other organizations have helped popularize the ideas of recycling, protecting wildlife and reducing pollution.

    Modern electronic communication now influences every aspect of our lives - it is a powerful tool that has raised some concerns for society. However, it has also brought countless benefits to society. At the end of the day, it can be used both for good or evil, which largely relies on the morals and sense of responsibility of the individual or community involved. In short, it needs to be used with care.

What can we infer from Paragraph 3?

APeople only connect with online friends.

BOnline friends can be comforting for all people.

CVirtual lives can make people clear of who they are.

DThe Internet helps to raise our environmental awareness.

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                                C

    Mass communication has been growing and affecting the way communities and people behave. At every stage of the development of communication, from the telegraph to the Internet, societies have had to adapt to its effects. But have the effects been more positive or negative?

    The saying “knowledge is power” has been an excellent motivator for people to improve their lives, but today the massive amount of information available through the Internet doesn’t always seem to be helping people in the way we’d hoped. Rather than improving people’s lives and bringing us closer together, the information age is making us more divided and irresponsible.

    Nevertheless, many people find comfort in their virtual (虚拟的) worlds and are happy to connect with real-life friends and online friends from the familiar surroundings of their living rooms. However, being able to reinvent themselves online and be whoever they want to be leads to the question of whether they are losing their identities by living in a virtual world. It’s not all bad news, however. Mass communication has helped change some attitudes for the better. Take our views on the environment for example. Internet campaigns by governments and other organizations have helped popularize the ideas of recycling, protecting wildlife and reducing pollution.

    Modern electronic communication now influences every aspect of our lives - it is a powerful tool that has raised some concerns for society. However, it has also brought countless benefits to society. At the end of the day, it can be used both for good or evil, which largely relies on the morals and sense of responsibility of the individual or community involved. In short, it needs to be used with care.

What is the writer’s attitude to electronic communication in the last paragraph?

AIt should be used in a cautious way.

BIt does more harm than good to society.

CIts side effects can’t be handled by individuals.

DIt should be strictly controlled by the government.

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                                C

    Mass communication has been growing and affecting the way communities and people behave. At every stage of the development of communication, from the telegraph to the Internet, societies have had to adapt to its effects. But have the effects been more positive or negative?

    The saying “knowledge is power” has been an excellent motivator for people to improve their lives, but today the massive amount of information available through the Internet doesn’t always seem to be helping people in the way we’d hoped. Rather than improving people’s lives and bringing us closer together, the information age is making us more divided and irresponsible.

    Nevertheless, many people find comfort in their virtual (虚拟的) worlds and are happy to connect with real-life friends and online friends from the familiar surroundings of their living rooms. However, being able to reinvent themselves online and be whoever they want to be leads to the question of whether they are losing their identities by living in a virtual world. It’s not all bad news, however. Mass communication has helped change some attitudes for the better. Take our views on the environment for example. Internet campaigns by governments and other organizations have helped popularize the ideas of recycling, protecting wildlife and reducing pollution.

    Modern electronic communication now influences every aspect of our lives - it is a powerful tool that has raised some concerns for society. However, it has also brought countless benefits to society. At the end of the day, it can be used both for good or evil, which largely relies on the morals and sense of responsibility of the individual or community involved. In short, it needs to be used with care.

What does the text mainly talk about?

AThe comfort of the virtual worlds.

BThe effects of mass communication.

CThe development of mass communication.

DThe way to use modern mass communication.

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                                D

    Do cell phones cause cancer? No one knows for sure. Mobile phones have only been widely used for around 20 years, with the very first ones introduced just over 30 years ago. It’s too soon to tell just how harmful cell phones are.

    In February 2011, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association recorded changes in brain glucose metabolism (葡萄糖代谢) during cell phone use. The study became the first to prove that cell phone use changes brain activity by monitoring 47 healthy volunteers seated and on the phone for 50 minutes. The volunteers’ brains were monitored by special scanners to measure glucose metabolism. 

    Then in May 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) added radiation from cell phones to its list of substances that possibly cause cancer in humans. The IARC’s research found that most cell phone use did not lead to more risk of glioma, a dangerous type of brain cancer, or meningioma, a more common, but typically not harmful cancer. However, the study did find enough evidence that using cell phones for long periods of time on the same side of the head could mean an increased risk of glioma.

    In a contrasting report released in July 2011, a British Institute of Cancer Research study found little evidence of cancer risk in 10 to 15 years of use. The study showed that there have been no increases in brain tumors (肿瘤) in several countries over the last 30 years since cell phones were introduced or even in the last 20 years since their use became more widespread.

    With no long-term research available yet, limiting exposure to cell phone radiation by texting more and talking less is recommended. Stay off the phone when you have a weak signal, as it will need more radiation to contact the tower. Phone use for children should also be limited because their brains absorb twice as much cell phone radiation.

We can’t be sure whether cell phones cause cancer because _______.

Athere has been little research on the problem up to now

Bit’s difficult to track the bad effects of cell phone radiation

Cdifferent studies has been arguing fiercely about this problem

Dthere has been little evidence of it given the short history of cell phones

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                                D

    Do cell phones cause cancer? No one knows for sure. Mobile phones have only been widely used for around 20 years, with the very first ones introduced just over 30 years ago. It’s too soon to tell just how harmful cell phones are.

    In February 2011, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association recorded changes in brain glucose metabolism (葡萄糖代谢) during cell phone use. The study became the first to prove that cell phone use changes brain activity by monitoring 47 healthy volunteers seated and on the phone for 50 minutes. The volunteers’ brains were monitored by special scanners to measure glucose metabolism. 

    Then in May 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) added radiation from cell phones to its list of substances that possibly cause cancer in humans. The IARC’s research found that most cell phone use did not lead to more risk of glioma, a dangerous type of brain cancer, or meningioma, a more common, but typically not harmful cancer. However, the study did find enough evidence that using cell phones for long periods of time on the same side of the head could mean an increased risk of glioma.

    In a contrasting report released in July 2011, a British Institute of Cancer Research study found little evidence of cancer risk in 10 to 15 years of use. The study showed that there have been no increases in brain tumors (肿瘤) in several countries over the last 30 years since cell phones were introduced or even in the last 20 years since their use became more widespread.

    With no long-term research available yet, limiting exposure to cell phone radiation by texting more and talking less is recommended. Stay off the phone when you have a weak signal, as it will need more radiation to contact the tower. Phone use for children should also be limited because their brains absorb twice as much cell phone radiation.

What did the IARC find from their research?

ARadiation from the cell phone is certain to cause some brain cancers.

B. Using cell phone for long periods of time could increase the risk of cancer.

CCell phone use is more likely to cause a common cancer than a dangerous one.

DStaying away from cell phones with weak signal can reduce the risk of cancer.

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                                D

    Do cell phones cause cancer? No one knows for sure. Mobile phones have only been widely used for around 20 years, with the very first ones introduced just over 30 years ago. It’s too soon to tell just how harmful cell phones are.

    In February 2011, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association recorded changes in brain glucose metabolism (葡萄糖代谢) during cell phone use. The study became the first to prove that cell phone use changes brain activity by monitoring 47 healthy volunteers seated and on the phone for 50 minutes. The volunteers’ brains were monitored by special scanners to measure glucose metabolism. 

    Then in May 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) added radiation from cell phones to its list of substances that possibly cause cancer in humans. The IARC’s research found that most cell phone use did not lead to more risk of glioma, a dangerous type of brain cancer, or meningioma, a more common, but typically not harmful cancer. However, the study did find enough evidence that using cell phones for long periods of time on the same side of the head could mean an increased risk of glioma.

    In a contrasting report released in July 2011, a British Institute of Cancer Research study found little evidence of cancer risk in 10 to 15 years of use. The study showed that there have been no increases in brain tumors (肿瘤) in several countries over the last 30 years since cell phones were introduced or even in the last 20 years since their use became more widespread.

    With no long-term research available yet, limiting exposure to cell phone radiation by texting more and talking less is recommended. Stay off the phone when you have a weak signal, as it will need more radiation to contact the tower. Phone use for children should also be limited because their brains absorb twice as much cell phone radiation.

What is recommended to reduce the harm from cell phone use?

AStaying far away from the signal tower.

BUsing cell phones when the signal is weak.

CLimiting children’s exposure to cell phones.

DTalking more and texting less via cell phones.

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1

                                D

    Do cell phones cause cancer? No one knows for sure. Mobile phones have only been widely used for around 20 years, with the very first ones introduced just over 30 years ago. It’s too soon to tell just how harmful cell phones are.

    In February 2011, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association recorded changes in brain glucose metabolism (葡萄糖代谢) during cell phone use. The study became the first to prove that cell phone use changes brain activity by monitoring 47 healthy volunteers seated and on the phone for 50 minutes. The volunteers’ brains were monitored by special scanners to measure glucose metabolism. 

    Then in May 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) added radiation from cell phones to its list of substances that possibly cause cancer in humans. The IARC’s research found that most cell phone use did not lead to more risk of glioma, a dangerous type of brain cancer, or meningioma, a more common, but typically not harmful cancer. However, the study did find enough evidence that using cell phones for long periods of time on the same side of the head could mean an increased risk of glioma.

    In a contrasting report released in July 2011, a British Institute of Cancer Research study found little evidence of cancer risk in 10 to 15 years of use. The study showed that there have been no increases in brain tumors (肿瘤) in several countries over the last 30 years since cell phones were introduced or even in the last 20 years since their use became more widespread.

    With no long-term research available yet, limiting exposure to cell phone radiation by texting more and talking less is recommended. Stay off the phone when you have a weak signal, as it will need more radiation to contact the tower. Phone use for children should also be limited because their brains absorb twice as much cell phone radiation.

What does “it” in Paragraph 5 refer to?

AA cell phone.

BThe phone user.

CThe phone radiation.

DThe cell phone signal.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    The daily life of a high school student is busy and often very stressful.  36   How can you deal with it? Here are some tips to help making your life a little smoother.

      37   Instead of spending time aimlessly during study hall, actually study! You may not feel like it, but if it gives you more free time to watch your favorite show that night, it’s worth it. During your commute to and from school, use the time to study or review class notes. Make it your daily goal to practice using time wisely. 

    Stay away from distractions. If you hate to miss your favorite show, make time to study before the show comes. Studying with the television on is much more difficult.  38   If the phone is a distraction, explain to friends that you can only talk at a certain time or turn it off.

    Get plenty of rest. Take a second and see how many hours of sleep you get each night. Is it less than nine? If so, you need to be getting more sleep. A study found that most teens need about nine hours of sleep per night to feel alert.  39  

    Make time for you. Studying for two or three hours straight can wear you out, and in the end, you may be having a hard time concentrating.  40   A good suggestion is to spend every 45 minutes in studying and take a 15-minute rest. During the break, do something you find relaxing, such as eating a healthy snack or reading a magazine.

    A. Kill time freely.

    B. Watch those minutes.

    C. You will have a harder time focusing on the learning material. 

    D. Another way is to listen to some light music when you are learning.

    E. Many things and activities a student faces can be difficult and confusing. 

    F. Make sure to include short breaks while studying to keep your mind active.

    G. By managing your time wisely, you will make room for more sleep in your schedule.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    When I first met my new parrot, Chico, his wings had been cut short and he was stuck on the earth just like us humans. When the weather turned nice, I would take Chico outside. I  41   him on a branch of a tree, hoping to make him happier. At first he seemed confused. He walked back and forth on the branch looking  42   . He didn’t even flap his wings in an/a  43   to fly. Somehow he knew he was incapable.

    One day Chico got especially excited. He paced back and forth and made an  44   amount of noise. Then all of a sudden he stopped and let out an even louder scream. He started  45   flapping his wings for the first time ever—then he lifted off the  46   like a space shuttle! I was amazed and  47  . Little did I know his feathers had been growing back, and Chico had been waiting until the moment was ripe for  48  !

    Two days later Chico returned. First I tried to  49   him back with food, but he would not come near me. Then I took his  50   and put it away—still he would not come. Finally, I made him a firm promise that I would let him out every day if the weather was nice as long as he did come back.  51  , he flew onto my shoulder. 

    From that day on, whenever the weather was good I would let him  52   early and he would fly around and be back before dark. The routine lasted for two months  53   suddenly Chico became  54  . The vet said that he had been infected with a disease from the pigeons in the  55  . Within a few days he died.

    I was very sad. The  56   crossed my mind that if I had not set him free to fly, he would be still alive. But what  57   is there in being a bird if you can’t fly?  

    Chico made his first  58   for freedom on a late Monday afternoon in April. When will you make yours? You too can take a  59   when the conditions are right, knowing you too, in your own way, were built to fly. If you don’t set yourself free, what will be the  60   of your life?

41. 

    A. brought         

    B. seated         

    C. caught             

    D. chased

42. 

    A. comfortable         

    B. painful         

    C. patient             

    D. anxious

43. 

    A. attempt         

    B. stage             

    C. journey             

    D. path

44. 

    A. acute             

    B. initial         

    C. incredible             

    D. accessible

45. 

    A. slowly          

    B. gently          

    C. madly             

    D. gracefully

46. 

    A. ground         

    B. branch         

    C. window             

    D. house

47. 

    A. moved             

    B. shocked        

    C. delighted             

    D. excited

48. 

    A. patience         

    B. exchange         

    C. rescue             

    D. escape

49. 

    A. trick             

    B. fasten         

    C. seize                 

    D. expect

50. 

    A. cage             

    B. chain             

    C. food                 

    D. feather

51. 

    A. At last             

    B. As usual         

    C. Once in a while         

    D. In the meantime

52. 

    A. out             

    B. off             

    C. away                 

    D. alone

53. 

    A. until             

    B. while             

    C. since                 

    D. although

54. 

    A. active             

    B. weak             

    C. annoying             

    D. miserable

55. 

    A. forest             

    B. community     

    C. countryside         

    D. neighborhood

56. 

    A. fact             

    B. thought         

    C. concern             

    D. detail

57. 

    A. problem         

    B. meaning         

    C. interest             

    D. mistake

58. 

    A. relief             

    B. willingness     

    C. communication         

    D. breakthrough

59. 

    A. breath            

    B. look             

    C. holiday             

    D. chance

60. 

    A. success         

    B. purpose         

    C. contribution         

    D. importance

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    If you make a career choice while you are still in high school, you will save time and money in the long run. Students who do not plan ahead may delay starting college or take extra courses   61   (give) themselves time to make up their  62  (mind). U.S. News and World Reports   63   (say) that the average annual tuition at a four-year college is $ 35,000. If you spend   64   extra year in school, you may have to take out additional loans or pay extra money to cover the cost.

    Choosing a career while you are in high school also gives you time to explore your  65  (choose) industry. If you find a career  66   sounds interesting, you can follow someone in the field and see what it is   67  (real)like to have that job. You can also apply  68   a chance to get an informal position related to your desired industry. This will help you build a professional network even before you graduate from high school. Professional contacts are very  69  (value), especially when you are looking for a job in your field. If you do as much as you can to build a network  70   you are ready for a job, you will be more likely to succeed.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜钱(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

              2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    My mother always tells me to be kind to others. One day I was in line at our local post office. Behind me was a man, of who the coat was dirty and ragged. It was obviously that he has not bathed or changed his clothes for a long time. Hardly had he come in than the others stood back several foot away from him. In fact, I didn’t notice her until the woman behind the counter looked back. It was then when I turned back to see what had been happened. Turned to leave, I said to him, “Wish you nice day!” The man nodded, looking happy.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是李华,你校来自美国的交换生Jack将于12月份去北京参加中文演讲比赛决赛。他就如何准备比赛向你写信求助,现在请你根据以下要点给他写一封电子邮件给他帮助:

    1.向他表示祝贺;

    2.给他提出建议;

    3.给他鼓励并祝他取得好成绩。

注意:

    1.词数:100词左右;

    2.可以适当增加细节使行文连贯;

    3.开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

    决赛:final

Dear Jack,

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                Yours,

                                                Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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