• 英语 成都市2018年高三四川省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Clevernessis a gift while kindness is a choice.Gifts are easy—they’re given after all.Choicecan be hard.

        I gotthe idea to start Amazon 16 years ago.I came across the fact that the Internetusage was growing at 2300 percent per year.I’d never seen or heard of anything thatgrew that fast,and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titleswas very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old,andI’d been married for a year.I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted toquit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work sincemost start-ups don’t and I wasn’t sure what to expect.MacKenzietold me I should go for it.As a young boy,I’dbeen a garage inventor.I’d always wanted to be an inventor,and she wanted me to follow my passion.   

        I wasworking at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart peopleand I had a brilliant boss that I much admired.I went to my boss and told him I wanted tostart a company selling books on the Internet.He took me on a long walk in Central Park,listenedcarefully to me,and finally said,“That sounds like a really good idea,butit would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.”That1ogic made some sense to me,and he convinced me to think about it for48 hours before making a final decision.Seen in that light,it really was adifficult choice,but finally,I decided I had to give it a shot.I didn’t think I’d regret trying andfailing.And Isuspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all.

        Aftermuch consideration ,I took the less safe path to follow my passion ,andI’m proud of that choice.For all of us,inthe end,weare our choice.

What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore?

AHis dream of being an inventor.

BThe support of his wife.

CThe greatly increasing usage of the Internet.

DMillions of exciting titles,

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                                A

        Clevernessis a gift while kindness is a choice.Gifts are easy—they’re given after all.Choicecan be hard.

        I gotthe idea to start Amazon 16 years ago.I came across the fact that the Internetusage was growing at 2300 percent per year.I’d never seen or heard of anything thatgrew that fast,and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titleswas very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old,andI’d been married for a year.I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted toquit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work sincemost start-ups don’t and I wasn’t sure what to expect.MacKenzietold me I should go for it.As a young boy,I’dbeen a garage inventor.I’d always wanted to be an inventor,and she wanted me to follow my passion.   

        I wasworking at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart peopleand I had a brilliant boss that I much admired.I went to my boss and told him I wanted tostart a company selling books on the Internet.He took me on a long walk in Central Park,listenedcarefully to me,and finally said,“That sounds like a really good idea,butit would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.”That1ogic made some sense to me,and he convinced me to think about it for48 hours before making a final decision.Seen in that light,it really was adifficult choice,but finally,I decided I had to give it a shot.I didn’t think I’d regret trying andfailing.And Isuspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all.

        Aftermuch consideration ,I took the less safe path to follow my passion ,andI’m proud of that choice.For all of us,inthe end,weare our choice.

Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence?

AThe idea of not trying would keep coming to his mind and disturb him.

BHe would be very excited if he tried it out.

CHe would be always having a doubt if he didn’t try.

DThe decision to not try the online bookstore would terrify him.

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                                A

        Clevernessis a gift while kindness is a choice.Gifts are easy—they’re given after all.Choicecan be hard.

        I gotthe idea to start Amazon 16 years ago.I came across the fact that the Internetusage was growing at 2300 percent per year.I’d never seen or heard of anything thatgrew that fast,and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titleswas very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old,andI’d been married for a year.I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted toquit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work sincemost start-ups don’t and I wasn’t sure what to expect.MacKenzietold me I should go for it.As a young boy,I’dbeen a garage inventor.I’d always wanted to be an inventor,and she wanted me to follow my passion.   

        I wasworking at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart peopleand I had a brilliant boss that I much admired.I went to my boss and told him I wanted tostart a company selling books on the Internet.He took me on a long walk in Central Park,listenedcarefully to me,and finally said,“That sounds like a really good idea,butit would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.”That1ogic made some sense to me,and he convinced me to think about it for48 hours before making a final decision.Seen in that light,it really was adifficult choice,but finally,I decided I had to give it a shot.I didn’t think I’d regret trying andfailing.And Isuspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all.

        Aftermuch consideration ,I took the less safe path to follow my passion ,andI’m proud of that choice.For all of us,inthe end,weare our choice.

Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

ACleverness and Kindness

BThe Starting of Amazon

CFollowing My Passion

DWe Are What We Choose

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                                B

        Most people knowthat Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the firstperson to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the motherof a Nobel Prize winner.

        Born inSeptember, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies' two daughters. Alongwith nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studiedin their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished herhigh school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.

        Irene enteredthe University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics andphysics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was usingX-ray facilities (设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the workby developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Herservices were recognised in the form of a Military's Medal by the Frenchgovernment.  

        In 1918, Irene becameher mother's assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, FredericJoliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required forhis work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughterHelene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.

        Like her mother,Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a NobelPrize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother,she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能).Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.

Why was Irene Curie awarded a Military Medal?

ABecause she received a degree in mathematics.

BBecause she contributed to saving the wounded.

CBecause she won the Nobel Prize with Frederic.

DBecause she worked as a helper to her mother.

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                                B

        Most people knowthat Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the firstperson to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the motherof a Nobel Prize winner.

        Born inSeptember, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies' two daughters. Alongwith nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studiedin their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished herhigh school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.

        Irene enteredthe University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics andphysics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was usingX-ray facilities (设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the workby developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Herservices were recognised in the form of a Military's Medal by the Frenchgovernment.  

        In 1918, Irene becameher mother's assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, FredericJoliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required forhis work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughterHelene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.

        Like her mother,Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a NobelPrize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother,she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能).Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.

Where did Irene Curie meet her husband Frederic Joliot?

AAt the University of Paris.

BAt a military hospital.

CAt the Curie Institute.

DAt the College of Sévigné.

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                                B

        Most people knowthat Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the firstperson to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the motherof a Nobel Prize winner.

        Born inSeptember, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies' two daughters. Alongwith nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studiedin their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished herhigh school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.

        Irene enteredthe University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics andphysics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was usingX-ray facilities (设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the workby developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Herservices were recognised in the form of a Military's Medal by the Frenchgovernment.  

        In 1918, Irene becameher mother's assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, FredericJoliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required forhis work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughterHelene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.

        Like her mother,Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a NobelPrize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother,she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能).Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.

When was the second child of Irene Curie and Frederic Joliot born?

AIn 1897.

BIn 1926.

CIn 1927.

DIn 1932.

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                                B

        Most people knowthat Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the firstperson to win it twice. However, few people know that she was also the motherof a Nobel Prize winner.

        Born inSeptember, 1897, Irene Curie was the first of the Curies' two daughters. Alongwith nine other children whose parents were also famous scholars, Irene studiedin their own school, and her mother was one of the teachers. She finished herhigh school education at the College of Sévigné in Paris.

        Irene enteredthe University of Paris in 1914 to prepare for a degree in mathematics andphysics. When World War I began, Irene went to help her mother, who was usingX-ray facilities (设备) to help save the lives of wounded soldiers. Irene continued the workby developing X-ray facilities in military hospitals in France and Belgium. Herservices were recognised in the form of a Military's Medal by the Frenchgovernment.  

        In 1918, Irene becameher mother's assistant at the Curie Institute. In December 1924, FredericJoliot joined the Institute, and Irene taught him the techniques required forhis work. They soon fell in love and were married in 1926. Their daughterHelene was born in 1927 and their son Pierre five years later.

        Like her mother,Irene combined family and career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a NobelPrize, along with her husband, in 1935. Unfortunately, also like her mother,she developed leukemia because of her work with radioactivity(辐射能).Irene Joliot-Curie died from leukemia on March 17, 1956.

In which of the following aspects was Irene Curie different from her mother?

AIrene won the Nobel Prize once

BIrene worked with radioactivity.

CIrene combined family and career.

DIrene died from leukemia.

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                                C

            Threatened species thrive

        Good news for giant panda lovers: The cute and cuddly creature has justbeen brought back from the brink of extinction.

      The International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN) downgraded the species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” as the unionreleased its updated Red List on Sept 4 at Hawaii.

     The downgrade came after IUCN datasuggested that there were 1,864 giant pandas in the wild in China in 2014 –their population has grown by 17 percent in the decade leading up to 2014.

      Chinese conservation efforts,including forest protection and reforestation, are considered to be the drivingforce behind the animal’s resurgence.

     “It’s all about restoring thehabitats,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, told the BBC.

     The number of panda reserves inChina has also jumped to 67, from 13 in 1992. Nearly two-thirds of all wildpandas live in these reserves, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

     “Just by restoring the panda’shabitat, that’s given them back their space and made food available to them,”Hilton-Taylor said.

     A loss of habitats, on the contrary,was what caused the number of pandas to drop to just over 1,200 in the 1980s,Hilton-Taylor added.

      Apart from giant pandas, theTibetan Antelope has also moved from “endangered” to “near threatened”.According to a statement from IUCN, the animal’s numbers dwindled severely –dropping from around 1 million to an estimated 65,000-72,500 in the 1980s andearly 1990s – due to commercial poaching. Rigorous(严格的) protection has since been enforced to protectthe beasts and the population is now likely to be between 100,000 and 150,000.     Despite the improved statuses, wildanimals like the giant panda and the Tibetan Antelope still face great challenges.The IUCN warned, for example, that ongoing threats from climate change couldeliminate more than 35 percent of the panda’s bamboo habitat in the next 80years, which would reverse the species recent gains.

What does the underlined word in pagagraph 1 mean?

Adangerous and threatened

Bsafe and sound

Cweak and easily hurt

Dnormal and common

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                                C

            Threatened species thrive

        Good news for giant panda lovers: The cute and cuddly creature has justbeen brought back from the brink of extinction.

      The International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN) downgraded the species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” as the unionreleased its updated Red List on Sept 4 at Hawaii.

     The downgrade came after IUCN datasuggested that there were 1,864 giant pandas in the wild in China in 2014 –their population has grown by 17 percent in the decade leading up to 2014.

      Chinese conservation efforts,including forest protection and reforestation, are considered to be the drivingforce behind the animal’s resurgence.

     “It’s all about restoring thehabitats,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, told the BBC.

     The number of panda reserves inChina has also jumped to 67, from 13 in 1992. Nearly two-thirds of all wildpandas live in these reserves, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

     “Just by restoring the panda’shabitat, that’s given them back their space and made food available to them,”Hilton-Taylor said.

     A loss of habitats, on the contrary,was what caused the number of pandas to drop to just over 1,200 in the 1980s,Hilton-Taylor added.

      Apart from giant pandas, theTibetan Antelope has also moved from “endangered” to “near threatened”.According to a statement from IUCN, the animal’s numbers dwindled severely –dropping from around 1 million to an estimated 65,000-72,500 in the 1980s andearly 1990s – due to commercial poaching. Rigorous(严格的) protection has since been enforced to protectthe beasts and the population is now likely to be between 100,000 and 150,000.     Despite the improved statuses, wildanimals like the giant panda and the Tibetan Antelope still face great challenges.The IUCN warned, for example, that ongoing threats from climate change couldeliminate more than 35 percent of the panda’s bamboo habitat in the next 80years, which would reverse the species recent gains.

Which of the following can account for pandas’ living improvement?

ABetter climate .

BMore built reserves.

CWell restored habitats.

DAroused public awareness .

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                                C

            Threatened species thrive

        Good news for giant panda lovers: The cute and cuddly creature has justbeen brought back from the brink of extinction.

      The International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN) downgraded the species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” as the unionreleased its updated Red List on Sept 4 at Hawaii.

     The downgrade came after IUCN datasuggested that there were 1,864 giant pandas in the wild in China in 2014 –their population has grown by 17 percent in the decade leading up to 2014.

      Chinese conservation efforts,including forest protection and reforestation, are considered to be the drivingforce behind the animal’s resurgence.

     “It’s all about restoring thehabitats,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, told the BBC.

     The number of panda reserves inChina has also jumped to 67, from 13 in 1992. Nearly two-thirds of all wildpandas live in these reserves, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

     “Just by restoring the panda’shabitat, that’s given them back their space and made food available to them,”Hilton-Taylor said.

     A loss of habitats, on the contrary,was what caused the number of pandas to drop to just over 1,200 in the 1980s,Hilton-Taylor added.

      Apart from giant pandas, theTibetan Antelope has also moved from “endangered” to “near threatened”.According to a statement from IUCN, the animal’s numbers dwindled severely –dropping from around 1 million to an estimated 65,000-72,500 in the 1980s andearly 1990s – due to commercial poaching. Rigorous(严格的) protection has since been enforced to protectthe beasts and the population is now likely to be between 100,000 and 150,000.     Despite the improved statuses, wildanimals like the giant panda and the Tibetan Antelope still face great challenges.The IUCN warned, for example, that ongoing threats from climate change couldeliminate more than 35 percent of the panda’s bamboo habitat in the next 80years, which would reverse the species recent gains.

The passage is written in order  to ________.

Aconvince

Binform

Cargue

Dadvocate

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                                C

            Threatened species thrive

        Good news for giant panda lovers: The cute and cuddly creature has justbeen brought back from the brink of extinction.

      The International Union forConservation of Nature (IUCN) downgraded the species from “endangered” to “vulnerable” as the unionreleased its updated Red List on Sept 4 at Hawaii.

     The downgrade came after IUCN datasuggested that there were 1,864 giant pandas in the wild in China in 2014 –their population has grown by 17 percent in the decade leading up to 2014.

      Chinese conservation efforts,including forest protection and reforestation, are considered to be the drivingforce behind the animal’s resurgence.

     “It’s all about restoring thehabitats,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, told the BBC.

     The number of panda reserves inChina has also jumped to 67, from 13 in 1992. Nearly two-thirds of all wildpandas live in these reserves, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

     “Just by restoring the panda’shabitat, that’s given them back their space and made food available to them,”Hilton-Taylor said.

     A loss of habitats, on the contrary,was what caused the number of pandas to drop to just over 1,200 in the 1980s,Hilton-Taylor added.

      Apart from giant pandas, theTibetan Antelope has also moved from “endangered” to “near threatened”.According to a statement from IUCN, the animal’s numbers dwindled severely –dropping from around 1 million to an estimated 65,000-72,500 in the 1980s andearly 1990s – due to commercial poaching. Rigorous(严格的) protection has since been enforced to protectthe beasts and the population is now likely to be between 100,000 and 150,000.     Despite the improved statuses, wildanimals like the giant panda and the Tibetan Antelope still face great challenges.The IUCN warned, for example, that ongoing threats from climate change couldeliminate more than 35 percent of the panda’s bamboo habitat in the next 80years, which would reverse the species recent gains.

What does the last paragraph imply ?

AThe climate will influence the threatened species.

BWe humans still have a long way to go to protect the endangered species.

CPandas will go extinct for lack of abundant food.

DHabitats for giant pandas will decrease sharply.

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                                D

    An old man in a faded yellow shirt sat in awindowless room on a raised concrete form. The only source of heat came fromsomewhere beneath the plastic mattress and the rough blanket the blank-facedpolice woman had handed him after taking his thumb prints. He heard voices andmetallic clang as the cell door swung open.

    At the front desk a tired looking policemanhanded the old man back his belongings, his worn-out cap and the Seiko watchthat had stopped working the day his beloved Evelyn left. The policemandramatically held the blue plastic bag at an arm’s length to the old man whotook it and made sure its contents were undamaged: the goat meat, palm oil,leaves and spices. He ignored the confused expression on the officer’s face andsigned the document declaring he had been returned the possessions they hadtaken off him the night before.

    No one spoke to him as he walked slowlytowards the exit.

    “Mr. Easy-nwa?” He stopped and prayed tothe God who now took care of Evelyn to please take him far away from thisunhappy place of expressionless faces, clipped accents and people who did noteven attempt to pronounce his name right.

    “Ezenwa,” He said and looked at a womanwith tangerine lips, her name tag said Jessica Harlow, Social Services. “A bitfar from home,,,she said as she drove fast and with confidencethe way Evelyn used to. He wondered if she meant the 50 miles from Liverpool orthe 50,000 miles from Enugu,a city in Nigeria. He did not botherreplying as this woman had plenty to say about the weather, bad drivers, herdaughter’s school play...

    At last she drew up outside the block offlats where he lived.

    “Got here in the end”,saidshe seriously, “Really Mr. Easy-nwa, if you keep getting lost, we will have toconsider moving you into a home”.

    “Noneed, I was not lost,,,he answered. He carefully rolled up the sleevesof the oversize bomber jacket he wore and turned on the tap to wash his hands,relieved the pipes were not frozen.   

        In aclean pan he placed the chopped pieces of goat meat. The herbs and spices thathad taken him three months to track down, the uziza seeds had taken him intothe heart of Granby Market in Liverpool, his uchanwu leaves down a shady backalley in Manchester, and yesterday, among other food items, the finest goatmeat from a Sierra Leonean Butcher in Birmingham. That had taken some time, somuch he missed the last train and when the police found him shivering outsidethe locked up station, so cold he couldn’t answer loudly enough the pink-facedbig copper who yelled in his face, “What’s your name sir?” spraying his facewith spittle (吐沫)as he did so, leaving them with no choice but tosearch an exhausted, frozen old black man and finding him in possession ofmysterious condiments (调味品)including a bag of dried bitter-leaf whichcould of course be mistaken for anything that resulted in him getting read hisrights and charged with ...possession???

        He lifted the lid of the bubbling soup, theroom was filled with the rich and spicy scent of his culinary (烹饪的)effort.He served two bowls, taking the chipped one and placing the other oppositewhere Evelyn would have sat. He would tell her about his adventure, it wastheir anniversary and this was the perfect pepper soup to celebrate.

        Ken Onyia, UK(Nigeria) Commonwealth Sport Short Story Prize

Why was Mr. Ezenwa taken to the prison for a night?

AHe was too weak to move.

BHe couldn’t find his way back home.

CHe then had nowhere else to go.

DHe was suspected of possessing drugs.

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                                D

        An old man in a faded yellow shirt sat in awindowless room on a raised concrete form. The only source of heat came fromsomewhere beneath the plastic mattress and the rough blanket the blank-facedpolice woman had handed him after taking his thumb prints. He heard voices andmetallic clang as the cell door swung open.

        At the front desk a tired looking policemanhanded the old man back his belongings, his worn-out cap and the Seiko watchthat had stopped working the day his beloved Evelyn left. The policemandramatically held the blue plastic bag at an arm’s length to the old man whotook it and made sure its contents were undamaged: the goat meat, palm oil,leaves and spices. He ignored the confused expression on the officer’s face andsigned the document declaring he had been returned the possessions they hadtaken off him the night before.

    No one spoke to him as he walked slowlytowards the exit.

    “Mr. Easy-nwa?” He stopped and prayed tothe God who now took care of Evelyn to please take him far away from thisunhappy place of expressionless faces, clipped accents and people who did noteven attempt to pronounce his name right.

    “Ezenwa,” He said and looked at a womanwith tangerine lips, her name tag said Jessica Harlow, Social Services. “A bitfar from home,,,she said as she drove fast and with confidencethe way Evelyn used to. He wondered if she meant the 50 miles from Liverpool orthe 50,000 miles from Enugu,a city in Nigeria. He did not botherreplying as this woman had plenty to say about the weather, bad drivers, herdaughter’s school play...

    At last she drew up outside the block offlats where he lived.

    “Got here in the end”,saidshe seriously, “Really Mr. Easy-nwa, if you keep getting lost, we will have toconsider moving you into a home”.

    “Noneed, I was not lost,,,he answered. He carefully rolled up the sleevesof the oversize bomber jacket he wore and turned on the tap to wash his hands,relieved the pipes were not frozen.   

        In aclean pan he placed the chopped pieces of goat meat. The herbs and spices thathad taken him three months to track down, the uziza seeds had taken him intothe heart of Granby Market in Liverpool, his uchanwu leaves down a shady backalley in Manchester, and yesterday, among other food items, the finest goatmeat from a Sierra Leonean Butcher in Birmingham. That had taken some time, somuch he missed the last train and when the police found him shivering outsidethe locked up station, so cold he couldn’t answer loudly enough the pink-facedbig copper who yelled in his face, “What’s your name sir?” spraying his facewith spittle (吐沫)as he did so, leaving them with no choice but tosearch an exhausted, frozen old black man and finding him in possession ofmysterious condiments (调味品)including a bag of dried bitter-leaf whichcould of course be mistaken for anything that resulted in him getting read hisrights and charged with ...possession???

        He lifted the lid of the bubbling soup, theroom was filled with the rich and spicy scent of his culinary (烹饪的)effort.He served two bowls, taking the chipped one and placing the other oppositewhere Evelyn would have sat. He would tell her about his adventure, it wastheir anniversary and this was the perfect pepper soup to celebrate.

        Ken Onyia, UK(Nigeria) Commonwealth Sport Short Story Prize

When Mr. Ezenwa was to leave the prison,    

Ahis thumb print was taken immediately

Bthe policeman was confused about what he had

Ca social worker was assigned to drive him back home

Dthe policeman was so kind as not to damage his belongings

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                                D

    An old man in a faded yellow shirt sat in awindowless room on a raised concrete form. The only source of heat came fromsomewhere beneath the plastic mattress and the rough blanket the blank-facedpolice woman had handed him after taking his thumb prints. He heard voices andmetallic clang as the cell door swung open.

    At the front desk a tired looking policemanhanded the old man back his belongings, his worn-out cap and the Seiko watchthat had stopped working the day his beloved Evelyn left. The policemandramatically held the blue plastic bag at an arm’s length to the old man whotook it and made sure its contents were undamaged: the goat meat, palm oil,leaves and spices. He ignored the confused expression on the officer’s face andsigned the document declaring he had been returned the possessions they hadtaken off him the night before.

    No one spoke to him as he walked slowlytowards the exit.

    “Mr. Easy-nwa?” He stopped and prayed tothe God who now took care of Evelyn to please take him far away from thisunhappy place of expressionless faces, clipped accents and people who did noteven attempt to pronounce his name right.

    “Ezenwa,” He said and looked at a womanwith tangerine lips, her name tag said Jessica Harlow, Social Services. “A bitfar from home,,,she said as she drove fast and with confidencethe way Evelyn used to. He wondered if she meant the 50 miles from Liverpool orthe 50,000 miles from Enugu,a city in Nigeria. He did not botherreplying as this woman had plenty to say about the weather, bad drivers, herdaughter’s school play...

    At last she drew up outside the block offlats where he lived.

    “Got here in the end”,saidshe seriously, “Really Mr. Easy-nwa, if you keep getting lost, we will have toconsider moving you into a home”.

    “Noneed, I was not lost,,,he answered. He carefully rolled up the sleevesof the oversize bomber jacket he wore and turned on the tap to wash his hands,relieved the pipes were not frozen.   

        In aclean pan he placed the chopped pieces of goat meat. The herbs and spices thathad taken him three months to track down, the uziza seeds had taken him intothe heart of Granby Market in Liverpool, his uchanwu leaves down a shady backalley in Manchester, and yesterday, among other food items, the finest goatmeat from a Sierra Leonean Butcher in Birmingham. That had taken some time, somuch he missed the last train and when the police found him shivering outsidethe locked up station, so cold he couldn’t answer loudly enough the pink-facedbig copper who yelled in his face, “What’s your name sir?” spraying his facewith spittle (吐沫)as he did so, leaving them with no choice but tosearch an exhausted, frozen old black man and finding him in possession ofmysterious condiments (调味品)including a bag of dried bitter-leaf whichcould of course be mistaken for anything that resulted in him getting read hisrights and charged with ...possession???

        He lifted the lid of the bubbling soup, theroom was filled with the rich and spicy scent of his culinary (烹饪的)effort.He served two bowls, taking the chipped one and placing the other oppositewhere Evelyn would have sat. He would tell her about his adventure, it wastheir anniversary and this was the perfect pepper soup to celebrate.

        Ken Onyia, UK(Nigeria) Commonwealth Sport Short Story Prize

What did Mr. Ezenwa do for his wedding anniversary?

AHe collected all sorts of valuables as presents.

BHe cooked native food as a surprise for his wife.

CHe prepared a special Nigerian pepper soup carefully.

DHe travelled a lot, attempting to get his wife back.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        An old man in a faded yellow shirt sat in awindowless room on a raised concrete form. The only source of heat came fromsomewhere beneath the plastic mattress and the rough blanket the blank-facedpolice woman had handed him after taking his thumb prints. He heard voices andmetallic clang as the cell door swung open.

        At the front desk a tired looking policemanhanded the old man back his belongings, his worn-out cap and the Seiko watchthat had stopped working the day his beloved Evelyn left. The policemandramatically held the blue plastic bag at an arm’s length to the old man whotook it and made sure its contents were undamaged: the goat meat, palm oil,leaves and spices. He ignored the confused expression on the officer’s face andsigned the document declaring he had been returned the possessions they hadtaken off him the night before.

    No one spoke to him as he walked slowlytowards the exit.

    “Mr. Easy-nwa?” He stopped and prayed tothe God who now took care of Evelyn to please take him far away from thisunhappy place of expressionless faces, clipped accents and people who did noteven attempt to pronounce his name right.

    “Ezenwa,” He said and looked at a womanwith tangerine lips, her name tag said Jessica Harlow, Social Services. “A bitfar from home,,,she said as she drove fast and with confidencethe way Evelyn used to. He wondered if she meant the 50 miles from Liverpool orthe 50,000 miles from Enugu,a city in Nigeria. He did not botherreplying as this woman had plenty to say about the weather, bad drivers, herdaughter’s school play...

    At last she drew up outside the block offlats where he lived.

    “Got here in the end”,saidshe seriously, “Really Mr. Easy-nwa, if you keep getting lost, we will have toconsider moving you into a home”.

    “Noneed, I was not lost,,,he answered. He carefully rolled up the sleevesof the oversize bomber jacket he wore and turned on the tap to wash his hands,relieved the pipes were not frozen.   

        In aclean pan he placed the chopped pieces of goat meat. The herbs and spices thathad taken him three months to track down, the uziza seeds had taken him intothe heart of Granby Market in Liverpool, his uchanwu leaves down a shady backalley in Manchester, and yesterday, among other food items, the finest goatmeat from a Sierra Leonean Butcher in Birmingham. That had taken some time, somuch he missed the last train and when the police found him shivering outsidethe locked up station, so cold he couldn’t answer loudly enough the pink-facedbig copper who yelled in his face, “What’s your name sir?” spraying his facewith spittle (吐沫)as he did so, leaving them with no choice but tosearch an exhausted, frozen old black man and finding him in possession ofmysterious condiments (调味品)including a bag of dried bitter-leaf whichcould of course be mistaken for anything that resulted in him getting read hisrights and charged with ...possession???

        He lifted the lid of the bubbling soup, theroom was filled with the rich and spicy scent of his culinary (烹饪的)effort.He served two bowls, taking the chipped one and placing the other oppositewhere Evelyn would have sat. He would tell her about his adventure, it wastheir anniversary and this was the perfect pepper soup to celebrate.

        Ken Onyia, UK(Nigeria) Commonwealth Sport Short Story Prize

What words can be used to describe Mr. Ezenwa?

AHopeless and pessimistic.

BAffectionate and persistent.

CMysterious and troublesome.

DEnergetic and sympathetic.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

                  How strong are you?

        How strong are you? That is a toughquestion to answer, whether you are a man or a woman. But, really, I want toask... how do you define your strength? How do you know your limits? How do youknow just how much you've got? When push comes to shove, we often discover thatwe are much stronger than we think.

        36.____

        Strength is not always about purephysical strength. 37.____ It is about the capacity to get things done.I knowsome people who are intellectually strong, but they get very little done in theirjobs. And I know others who find work extremely challenging, but are able tomove mountains by their sheer drive and hard work.They possess inner strength.More interesting, is that these productive hard-workers often don't evennotice the load. Bystanders are not only amazed, but often ask, “How do you doit?”The answer usually comes back, “I just work harder than the others.” So, whyare some people able to do more? What gives them added drive? What gives themextra strength? Could it be, they have simply given themselves permission to domore?

        Self-imposed limits

        What I have observed is that mostpeople impose(加强) their own limits. They limit theiroutput based on self-framed constraints(限制)oftheir capabilities and strengths. Sometimes these boundaries are based on pastexperiences. Sometimes they are based on perceived(感觉的)capacities. Sometimes these limits are based on nothing.

    I can't do that. (Why?)

    That is too much for me. (How do youknow?)

    I can't put in that much effort. (Whatwould happen if you did?)

    I am not smart enough to solve that.(Can you be sure if you haven't tried?)

    38.____

    Pushing it...

    Many people are going through themotions, but are nowhere near their limits. If you want to be stronger, youhave to push your boundaries. 39.____ In the gym, bodybuilders discovered thislong ago. But, the same principle is true when it comes to inner strength,discipline and drive. Wantto test your limits? Push yourself. Test your self-perceivedconstraints to see how accurate they are. Make sure your goals are slightlybeyond what you think can be achieved.

    You arestronger than you think

    40.____As you go through your day, challenge your capacity. Test your limits. Pushyourself, to find your true boundaries and define your strength. When you discoverhow much you've really got, you may surprise even yourself.What are your self-imposedlimits? Which do you need to push? When have you found that you were muchstronger than you thought?

    A. Most people underestimate theirstrength.

    B. Don't impose your own limits.

    C. What is strength?

    D. Pushing it is what it takes toincrease your limits.

    E. So, how do we break through theselimits? How do we get stronger?

    F. You're cleverer than others.

    G.Rather, it is about willpower,discipline and drive.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        My first lesson isat a meeting. As we settle around the table I hear Meg, who is  41  a recent operation, talking to Judith, themanager of our project. “Thank you so much for  42  my daughters to their dance lessons lastweek.” “Don’t mention it,” Judith says, “It was nothing.”

         Knowing how  43  Judith’s schedule is, with her work, kids andaging parents, I find her driving Meg’s children to lessons unbelievably  44 . I am about to say more about thiswhen Donna, another colleague, enters the room  45 . She apologizes for being late, sayingshe just hosted a lunch for her friends who are over seventy. “That is so niceof you,” I say,  46  how busy she is, how she doesn’t like to cookand clean. “Oh,” she says, waving her hand, “It was nothing.”  47 , I can still tell the  48  in her voice. She did gain a sense ofsatisfaction from the entertainment offered to her friends.

         Seeing their  49  to help others selflessly, I start thinkingabout the concept of “nothing”, this peaceful and generous way of living--- hadit really been nothing or are they simply saying that? It  50

        to me that onceI spent a whole afternoon after work helping a friend  51  a speech she was going to deliver. I  52  her to rearrange the sequence of the storiesin the lecture to make it sound more  53 . After the fifth try, she finally  54  it. She hugged me with  55 , saying thanks to me. I smiled andsaid it was nothing.

         Suddenly, I realized that helpingsomeone was really something to me. I learned that giving from the heartdoesn’t  56  mean sacrifice and hard work. The  57  is finding something we love to do and findingsomeone who  58  that something. Our generosity can benefit others 59  ourselves. Once you have a good  60  of it, it’s nothing. And it’s reallysomething.

41. 

    A.recovering from              

    B. adapting to                   

    C. going through               

    D. rejoicing in

42. 

    A. guiding                       

    B. fetching                          

    C.driving                      

    D. dragging

43. 

    A.common                        

    B.tight                                

    C.strange                     

    D.practical

44. 

    A. ridiculous                        

    B. eccentric                        

    C. tiresome                        

    D. generous

45. 

    A. hastily                               

    B.angrily                           

    C.disappointedly              

    D. unexpectedly

46. 

    A. ignoring                  

    B. knowing                         

    C. forgetting                      

    D. predicting

47. 

    A. Moreover                         

    B. Therefore                      

    C. Otherwise                     

    D. Somehow

48. 

    A. pleasure                           

    B. sadness                          

    C. surprise                          

    D. regret

49. 

    A. progress                           

    B. ambition                        

    C. promise                     

    D. willingness

50. 

    A.refers                            

    B.appears                          

    C. occurs                            

    D.seems

51. 

    A. preparefor                 

    B. put up                        

    C. give away                 

    D. deal with

52. 

    A. begged                    

    B. invited                   

    C. recommended              

    D. sponsored

53. 

    A. confusing                

    B.sensible                 

    C. sensitive                  

    D. typical

54. 

    A. got                            

    B.meant                   

    C. caught                      

    D. made  

55. 

    A. concern                   

    B. worry                

    C. gratitude            

    D.apology

56. 

    A. normally                  

    B.accidentally         

    C. necessarily                  

    D. possibly

57. 

    A. treat                        

    B. trick                       

    C. plot                                 

    D. plan

58. 

    A. needs                       

    B. admires              

    C. loves                     

    D. defends

59. 

    A. onaccount of         

    B. as well as              

    C.except for                 

    D. regardless of

60. 

    A. order                        

    B. glimpse                 

    C. impression               

    D. command

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea,    61    Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

    Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might   62    (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal    63   (create) special designs.

    The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots,    64    (use) twigs (树枝) to remove it. Over time,   65    the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which    66    (gradual) turned into chopsticks.

    Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,   67   lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the   68    (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and   69    (be) too violent for use at the table.

    Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example,  most people traditionally eat    70   their hands.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        Students should wear school uniforms. First, it was school uniforms that can create unity and pride between students. Second, avoid wasting money, students should form the habit of wearing school uniforms. If a student cannot afforded nice clothing, he does not have to worry about if he is poorly dressed or not. Finally, the gap between the wealthy or the poor is closed because they all look a same. Other may argue that uniforms are likely to prevent students from think freely. However, it is clear that when there are more advantages than disadvantages.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是王磊,最近,你的笔友David沉迷于网络小说,难以自拔,他向你求助,请按下列要点给对方写一封信:

    阐述网络小说的危害;

    提出建议和解决办法;

    表达信心。

    词数:120词左右。可以适当增加细节,使行文连贯。

Dear David,

        I’m worried about the situation you are faced with.

_______________________________________________________________________________

                                            Yours,

                                          Wang Lei

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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