• 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (湖北卷)
单选题 本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. North Korea has apparently told China it may be ready to return to six-nation talks, which appears to be a (n)    _____ step aimed at ending its nuclear weapons programs.

Aaggressive

Bprimitive

Ctentative

DPassive

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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2. We have very strict quality control and anything imperfect is ____, so customers feel secure about our products.

Adenied

Brejected

Cdeserted

DRefused

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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10. Some social scientists suggest that westerners should take advantage of the ancient Chinese wisdom to_____the drawbacks of western philosophy.

Ahold on to

Bgo in for

Cmake up for

Dput up with

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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9. Having been separated from the outside for a long time, the group of villagers might still live a______ life.

Aconcise

Bdepressed

Cfierce

DPrimitive

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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8. Parents are supposed to make their own personal_____    until they feel their teens are responsible enough to drive safely.

Arestriction

Bapproval

Cpermission

DAchievement

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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7. Studies show that 30-40% of all job applicants put false information on their resumes or applications, and_____ their qualifications during interviews to increase their chances of getting the post.

Astrengthen

Bevaluate

Cadjust

DExaggerate

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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6. President Xi addressed on 50 years China—France ties to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the ____ of diplomatic relations between China and France.

Aassignment

Bdistribution

Cestablishment

DAcquaintance

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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5. In every classroom stands a bookshelf on which are various magazines and reference books, making reading materials more ________ to the students.

Arelative

Baccessible

Cacceptable

DPractical

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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4. Seemingly meaningless little thoughts or ideas when acted upon have a______ to burst into great projects .

Apotential

Bperspective

Cproposal

DProcedure

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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3. Born into a family with three brothers, I was ____ to share, not to snatch things away from other people.

Abrought up

Bturned down

Ctaken away

Dheld back

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共110分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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11.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Charlie was a US pilot in Vietnam. He flew 74 successful tasks. (1) ,on his 75th mission, his F4 fighter was (2)  by a surface-to-air missile (导弹) and he was forced to escape. The only thing between him and near death was the (3)  that he prayed would open. It did open and Charlie   (4)it down to the ground alive, but he was caught and spent 6 years as a(n)   (5) of war in a Vietnamese prison camp.

  One day, many years after returning to his homeland, Charlie and his wife were sitting in a little   (6)  in Kansas City when he noticed two tables over was this guy who kept looking at him   (7) .

  Charlie looked back but did not   (8)  him, but he kept catching this guy   (9) at him. Finally the guy stood up and walked over to Charlie's table and said, “You’re Captain Plumb. You flew jet fighters in Vietnam. You (10)rom the aircraft carrier, you parachuted  (11)  enemy area and you were   (12)  a prisoner of war.”

  Somewhat  (13)  , Charlie looked up at the guy and asked, “How did it  (14)  that you know all that?” The man smiled and said, “Because I packed your parachute. I guess it (15)  .”

  Charlie lay awake that night,  (16)all the times he had walked through the long narrow room, below sea level on the aircraft carrier, with the tables where the men packed the parachutes. He wondered how many times he passed the man whose job would   (17)  save his life without even saying “hi”,“good morning” or “good job” or “I   (18)  what you do.”

  Think about this for yourself. How many times in life do you pass the people whose help is   (19)  when you need it the most? The people who don’t seek for the praises or the  (20)  or the achievement medal—the folks who are just out there packing parachutes ?

(1) A. Practically       B. Unfortunately       C. Consequently       D. Especially

(2). A. destroyed       B. exposed          C. attracted           D. approached

(3) A. door           B. filter              C. carrier           D. parachute

(4)A. threw           B. dragged              C. dropped           D. made

(5)A. prisoner       B. pilot              C. passenger       D. officer

(6) A. library           B. restaurant          C. cottage           D. cinema

(7) A. curiously       B. occasionally          C. seriously           D. anxiously

(8)A. associate       B. recognize          C. confirm           D. mention

(9) A. staring           B. laughing          C. shouting           D. pointing

(10)A. set back           B. took off          C. moved up           D. settled down

(11) A. above           B. throughout          C. beyond           D. into

(12)A. cloned           B. employed          C. held               D. invited

(13)A. annoyed       B. ridiculous          C. fragile           D. surprised

(14)A. refer to           B. bring about          C. come about       D. infer to

(15)A. expanded       B. worked              C. responded       D. conducted

(16)A. judging from       B. devoting to          C. attaching to       D. reflecting on

(17)A. apparently       B. immediately          C. deliberately       D. eventually

(18)A. congratulate       B. appreciate          C. suspect           D. tolerate

(19) A. available       B. beneficial          C. appropriate       D. worthwhile

(20) A. hardships       B. competitions          C. honors           D. Challenges

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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17.阅读下列各小题,根据汉语句子,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。

1. The average score of math in this exam is ___________________ that of the last one. (than)

这次数学考试的平均分比上次要高出三分之一。

2. ________________________ his aim high but do little, so he is always leaving thins undone.(set )  

把目标设得很高却很少行动对他来说是常有的事,所以他有很多事情半途而废。

3.I wonder _________________________ these materials which have been given away by his classmates. (make)   

 我想知道他拿这些同学们送的材料做什么用。

4. I was absent from the match. Otherwise,our team _____________________ our success at this moment.(celebrate)  我缺席了比赛,否则,此刻我们队就在庆祝我们的成功了。

5. He _________________________TV at 8 o’clock last night, for he was having a meeting then. (watch)   昨天晚上八点钟他不可能在看电视,因为那时他正在开会。

6. On no account____________________ the film even if the actor is invited to.(star)

即使受邀,那位演员也绝不会主演这部电影。

7. It was ____________________ that he began to prepare the test papers. It is typical of him to do so. (approach)  

 直到限期临近,他才开始准备试题,这是他一贯的行事作风。

8. I am afraid I can’t see you off at the airport at 9 p.m. I_____________________ an important meeting then.  (attend)

今晚九点我恐怕不能到机场为你送行了。在那时我要参加一个重要的会议。

9. Our head teacher ___________________________, all the students in our school love and respect her deeply. ( treat) 

  因为我们的校长对待我们像对待自己的孩子一样,我们学校所有的学生都很爱他,尊敬他。

10. It was a pity that the book to_________________________ should not have attracted her students' attention.(significance)

遗憾的是,她认为有意义的那本书竟然没有引起学生们的重视。

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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16.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  In only two decades Asian Americans have become the fastest growing U.S.minority. As their children began moving up through the nation schools,it became clear that a new class of academic achievers was emerging. Their achievements are reflected in the nation’s best universities,where mathematics,science and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. This special liking for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian­American students who began their education abroad arrived in the U.S. with a solid grounding in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more objectively. And the return on the investment in education is more immediate in something like engineering than with an arts degree.

  Most Asian­American students owe their success to the influence of parents who are determined that their children take full advantage of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do,and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that makes success,such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education.

  Both explanations for academic success worry Asian Americans because of fears that they feed a typical racial image. Many can remember when Chinese,Japanese and Filipino immigrants were the victims of social isolation(隔离).Indeed,it was not until 1952 that laws were laid down giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.

(1) While making outstanding achievements at college,Asian­American students ________.

A. feel they are mistreated because of limited knowledge of English

B. are afraid that their academic successes are not recognized

C. still worry about unfair treatment in society for their origin

D. generally feel it a shame to have to depend on their parents

(2)What are the major factors that determine the success of Asian Americans?

A. A solid foundation in basic mathematics and Asian culture.

B. Hard work and intelligence.

C. Parents’help and a limited knowledge of English.

D. Asian culture and the American educational system.

(3) Few Asian American students major in human sciences mainly because ________.

A. their English is not good enough

B. they are afraid they might meet with unfair judgment in these areas

C. there is a wide difference between Asian and Western cultures

D. they know little about American culture and society

(4)Why do “both explanations”(Para.3) worry Asian Americans?

A. They are afraid that they appear of typical Asian characteristics.

B. People will think that Asian students rely on their parents for success.

C. Asian Americans will be a threat to other minorities.

D. Americans fear the academic achievements made by Asian Americans.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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15.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Just when scientists think they have discovered and recorded every species of insect that crawls on the earth they find something new.Earlier this month, Peter Jager, the head of Frankfurt's Senckenberg Research Institute reported the discovery of a unique eyeless spider! The creature that has a leg span (跨度) of six centimeters and a body size of just twelve millimeters was found in a cave inside the tiny nation of Laos, in Southeast Asia.

  It was identified as a member of the Huntsman spider, a large family that consists of 1100 species.However, the other members of the family all have eyes.The spider is the first one that has no eyes.The scientists believe that the reason for the lack of eyes can be that these spiders spend their entire life inside caves.In the past they have seen other members of the Huntsman spiders living in caves with six or less eyes.They believe that the kind of spider has adapted to the fact that they do not really need the eyes to such an extreme measure that they have dispensed with them altogether.

  But they are not the only creature to have done that.Over the years, scientists have discovered completely blind cave fish, and even a freshwater crab, which happens to live in the same cave as this eyeless spider!

  Surrounded by Burma and China on the northwest, Vietnam on the east, Cambodia on the South and Thailand on the west, the landlocked nation of Laos has been a treasure trove(宝藏) of an incredible number of new and exotic (新奇的) species.In the last few years researchers have discovered the Saola — never-before seen antelope-like creature, a small deer species called muntjacs, a tiny striped rabbit and a rock rat that was thought to have been extinct 11 million years ago.In addition to that it is also home to over one hundred species of large mammals ranging from tigers to macaques and over 165 species of amphibians and reptiles like the terrible King cobra and the noisy Tokay gecko, a permanent resident(居民) inside most Laos households.

(1).What can we know about the newly discovered species of spider?

A.They are smaller in size.

B.They only live in Laos.

C.They belong to the Huntsman spider.

D.About 1100 such spiders were discovered.

(2).The underlined part "dispensed with" (in Paragraph 2) means "_____".

A.done away with         B.put up with

C.got tired of             D.taken no notice of

(3).The animals like Saola and muntjacs are mentioned in the text to show _____.

A.Laos is a better place for animals to survive

B.Laos is a country with great biological diversity

C.exotic species invade Laos on a large scale

D.more animals have made physical change for adaptation

(4).From the passage we can know _____.

A.Tokay gecko is common in Laos

B.Peter Jager was the first spider discoverer

C.blind fish and crabs were also found in Laos

D.west of Laos lie two neighboring countries

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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14.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  As he looks up at the Jade Dragon Mountain, Zhang Jinpeng basks(晒太阳) in the sunshine on the roof-top of his youth hostel in Lijiang, a popular tourist destination in Yunnan province in Southwest China. He is content and excited at the same time, since the hostel, which he named after his best-seller A Decade of Backpacking, opened earlier this month.

  Published in 2010, Zhang’s book was considered a milestone in Chinese travel writing. It sold more than 600,000 copies and triggered a wave of travel books by other Chinese writers who were born in the late 1970s and 1980s. Different from travel guides and traditional Chinese travel literature that mainly depict(描述) landscapes and scenery, these books by young travelers tell stories of their personal growth through traveling.

  In A Decade of Backpacking, Zhang recounts his travels around the world since 2001, after he graduated from Nan Kai University in Tianjin and decided to see the world. “At the time my book came out, there were few books that catered to young people's longing while traveling.” Zhang’s book ignited(点燃)a Chinese craze for travel writing. Featuring different themes, travel writing became a popular genre. But most of the books have one thing in common: The travelers are mostly young people. The Late Gap Year (2009), written by Sun Dongchun, tells the story of a young man who gave up a white-collar job and started a three-month trip for a volunteer program in Southeast Asia. The trip turned into a year-long travel. What’s more, he even found his Miss Right and got married by the end of the story. We Always Travel Hand in Hand, published in 2012, was written by a young couple. Their travel romance, complete with beautiful pictures, first went viral on a Chinese micro-blog. Song Zhenshao, counselor at the psychological counseling center of Beijing NormalUniversity, says: “To step out of ordinary life is a deep desire associated with freedom in people’s hearts, and the hustle and bustle of city life intensifies(使强烈) the desire.”

  But as more similar travelogues hit the bookshelves, the average sales for new travel books have dropped. “The market for travel writing has become saturated (饱和),” says Li Shen, editor of several travel books at theBeijing-based China Civic Press. “We have been very cautiousin accepting manuscripts from new travel writers. We don’t publish them unless they have a very unique perspective or unusual experiences.” Zhang Jinpeng, too, has been changing the direction in his writing. After A Decade of Backpacking, he published Why We Travel in 2012. His next book will be titled Don’t Forget the Road Back Home.

(1) “A Decade of Backpacking” was considered a milestone because ________.

A. it has stimulated a Chinese craze for travel writing

B. its author was born in the late 1970s and 1980s

C. a hostel in Lijiang Yunnan province is named after this book

D. it is the first book to tell people when and where to travel

(2) The books by young writers are different from the traditional ones in that ________.

A. they have attached lots of amazing photos in their books

B. they tell their own personal growth stories through travelling

C. they provide some information about landscapes in their books

D. they tell people how to choose the most suitable destinations

(3) If new travel writers want to impress the editors, ________.

A. they should write from a special view point

B. they should change their writing styles

C. they should go to some dangerous areas

D. they should provide their personal stories

(4) From the passage, we can infer that ________.

A. it is a dream for people to open a hostel named after their favorite book

B. travel books written by young people will surely become best sellers

C. the idea to get away from the present routine life appeals to many people

D. it is much easier for a single to find one’s Mr. or Miss. Right while travelling

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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13.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  The Sieferts are the kind of environmentally conscious family who has solar panels atop their home. They use timers on their kids' showers and have planted drought-tolerant landscaping. But they feel kind of guilt. “I haven’t thought about the pool as much as I probably should,” said Annette Siefert.

  As California's drought worsens, swimming pools have become a target for those who think the classic backyard greens waste water. Some water districts have banned new pools from being filled and have limited how much water existing pools can use.

  But some of those agencies are walking back the rules as they make a surprising discovery: Pools aren't the water wasters some have made them out to be. Analyses by various water districts, along with scientific studies, conclude that pools and their surrounding landscapes use about the same amount of water as a lawn(草坪) of the same size. Over time, pools might even use less water. With pool covers, experts say water evaporation(蒸发)can be cut by almost half, making pools significantly less wasteful than grass and about as efficient as drought-tolerant landscaping.

  Facing complaints over a recent ban on filling pools, the Santa Margarita Water District conducted its own water-use analysis. It found that pools require thousands of gallons of water to fill initially, but they use about 8,000 gallons less water than a traditional landscape after that. By the third year, the analysis found, the savings add up, and a pool's cumulative water use falls below that of a lawn.

  Water agencies such as the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power have come to similar conclusions. Armed with new information, Santa Margarita Water District officials will reconsider their ban next week.

  “We want to respect the people's rights to use their property. There are many families we know that have saved for pools,” said Jonathan Volzke, spokesman for the 155,000-customer district. “But at the same time, the reality around us is that we're in the third year of a serious drought, and we don't know if we're in the third year of a three-year drought or the third year of a 10-year drought.”

(1)Annette Siefert feels guilty mainly because of ______.

A. being a typical water waster

B. the water-use of their swimming pool

C. her control over her kids' showers at home

D. the construction of the drought-tolerant landscaping

(2)According to analyses and scientific studies, a swimming pool ______.

A. had belter be filled up in the beginning

B. becomes more efficient against drought

C. isn't what people think to be wasteful of water

D. consumes more water than a lawn of the same size

(3)What does Jonathan Volzke try to express in the last paragraph?

A. He expects the serious drought to come to an end.

B. He thinks highly of those who have saved for pools.

C. He appeals for reasonable use of the swimming pools.

D. He tries to maintain the right to use the swimming pools.

(4)What would be the best title for the passage?

A. Water Crisis In California

B. Strict Ban On Filling Pools

C. The Sieferts—Real Environmentalists?

D. Pools—A Big Factor During Drought?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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12.阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Wang Chuanfu, chairman of BYD Co.Ltd, was named China’s richest individual this week by Forbes magazine, which stated his wealth is worth $ 5.8 billion.

  Wang grew up in a poor family in Anhui Province and had lost his parents for illness when he was a teenager. He went to college only after the encouragement and support of his older siblings (兄弟姐妹), who also helped him.

  “I was born on a rice farm very, very poor,” Wang told The Wall Street Journal in an interview last year. “Both of my parents were farmers and they planted rice. Both passed away when I was still very young. I was about 10 years old when my father died, and I was 15 or so when my mother passed away. ”

  He developed a fascination with batteries back in his university days in the mid — 1980s, when he studied metallurgical (冶金的) physics and chemistry. After receiving a Master’s degree, he found a research position at the General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals in Beijing. It was an easy job, but he grew bored and decided to go out on his own just as China’s experiment with capitalism (资本主义) was going on.

  He established the company that is now BYD in 1995, borrowing $300,000 from a cousin, and started out making batteries for cellphones. Today, the company still makes phone batteries but also produces gasoline — fueled cars that have made BYD a top — 10 auto brand in China.

  The company, listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange since 2002, is also getting ready to sell electric cars to private buyers and launch an all — electric battery car model soon in China. All this has helped BYD attract investors’ attention, including from one of Warren Buffett’s companies, and has helped enrich Wang as BYD’s share price has increased

  Wang’s fast climb shows personal struggle is still working in China even as the country faces widening gaps between the haves and the have-nots.

  “Because I came from a poor background, I knew the only way for me to get ahead was to get good education. I studied very hard.”

(1)When did Wang Chuanfu’s mother die?

A. When he was eight.

B. When he was ten.

C. When he was about eighteen.

D. When he was about fifteen.

(2)Why did Wang Chuanfu decide to give up his job at the General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals?

A. He felt the job difficult.

B. He felt the job cost too much time.

C. He wanted to make his own business.

D. He wanted to become a general manager.

(3)Where did Wang Chuanfu borrow the money to open his fist company?

A. From the bank.

B. From a relative

C. From his friend

D. From his colleague

(4)The best title for this passage is“____”.

A. Wang Chuanfu’s road of struggle

B. The success of BYD Co., Ltd.

C. Wang Chuanfu’s great dream.

D. Wang Chuanfu’s success.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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18. 请你根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。

  As a famous writer once put it, “Life is like a big pot, when you go to the bottom of it, as long as you are willing to go, each direction is upward.”

注意: ①无须写标题;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例;

④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

⑤词数不少于120,如引用提示语则不计入总词数。

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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