• 英语 衡阳市2017年高三第一次质检考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共85分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

A man walked down the trail on a cold, gray day. He was wearing heavy clothes and fur boots. But he still felt cold and uncomfortable.

The man was on his way to a camp near Henderson Creek. His friends were already there. He expected to reach Henderson Creek by six o’clock that evening. It would be dark by then. His friends would have a fire and hot food ready for him.

A dog walked behind the man. It was a big gray animal, half dog and half wolf. The dog did not like the extreme cold. It knew the weather was too cold to travel.

The man continued to walk down the trail. He came to a frozen stream called Indian Creek. He began to walk on the snow-covered ice. It was a trail that would lead him straight to Henderson Creek and his friends.

As he walked, he looked charily at the ice in front of him. Once, he stopped suddenly, and then walked around a part of the frozen stream. He saw that an underground spring flowed under the ice at that spot. It made the ice thin. If he stepped there, he might break through the ice into a pool of water. To get his boots wet in such cold weather might kill him. His feet would turn to ice quickly. He could freeze to death.

At about twelve o’clock, the man decided to stop to eat his lunch. He took off the glove on his right hand, opened his jacket and shirt, and pulled out his bread and meat. This took less than twenty seconds. Yet, his fingers began to freeze.

He hit his hand against his leg several times until he felt a sharp pain. Then he quickly put his glove on his hand. He made a fire, beginning with small pieces of wood and adding larger ones. He sat on a snow-covered log and ate his lunch. He enjoyed the warm fire for a few minutes. Then he stood up and started walking on the frozen stream again.

A half hour later, at a place where the snow seemed very solid, the ice broke. The man’s feet sank into the water. It was not deep, but his legs got wet to the knees. The man was angry. The accident would delay his arrival at the camp. He would have to build a fire now to dry his clothes and boots.

He walked over to some small trees. They were covered with snow. In their branches were pieces of dry grass and wood left by flood waters earlier in the year. He put several large pieces of wood on the snow, under one of the trees. On top of the wood, he put some grass and dry branches. He pulled off his gloves, took out his matches, and lighted the fire. He fed the young flame with more wood. As the fire grew stronger, he gave it larger pieces of wood.

He worked slowly and carefully. At sixty degrees below zero, a man with wet feet must not fail in his first attempt to build a fire. Fortunately, his fire was beginning to burn more strongly. He sat under the tree and thought of the old men in Fairbanks. The old men had told him that no man should travel alone in the Yukon when the temperature is sixty degrees below zero. Yet here he was. He had had an accident. He was alone. And he had saved himself. He had built a fire.

Those old men were weak, he thought. A real man could travel alone. If a man stayed calm, he would be all right.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲叙了一个男人在极其寒冷的天气(零下60摄氏度)和极其恶劣的条件下,克服种种困难,独自一人穿越Yukon去Henderson Creek见朋友的事。文章揭示了一个道理:真正的男人,无论遇到什么困难的事情,只要保持镇定,都是可以解决的。

21.The man made his way to Henderson Creek to .

Ahave an unforgettable trip

B.meet with his friends as planned

Cexperience the hard life there in person

Dbe the first person to travel alone in the Yukon

22.Why did the man choose to walk on a trail with snow-covered ice?

ABecause it was the shortest route.

BBecause the scenery around was wonderful.

CBecause it was a path advised by his friends.

DBecause it was the only way to his destination.

23.After his feet sank into the water the man had to stop for a while in that .

Ahe had to get some food for physical strength

Bhe had to reevaluate the safety of the path

Cit was too cold to go any further

Dhe had to dry his clothes and boots

24.What can we infer from the last paragraph?

ABuilding a fire in such an extreme condition was not as difficult as expected.

BThe fire successfully guaranteed the man’s safety to his destination at last.

CThe man was proud of his ability to survive in such an extreme condition.

DThe man’s experience proved that the old men in Fairbanks were reliable.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

New Zealand will create one of the largest marine protected areas in the world, spanning an area of 620,000 sq km.

The Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary (保护区) will be one of the world’s most significant fully protected ecosystems, the prime minister of New Zealand, John Key, told the UN General Assembly in New York.

The sanctuary is in the South Pacific Ocean, about 1,000 km north-east of New Zealand, and expands a marine reserve that surrounds some small islands. The area is considered important in terms of biodiversity, featuring nearly 35 species of whales and dolphins, 150 types of fish and three of the world’s seven sea turtle species. It is also geologically significant, including the world’s longest chain of underwater volcanoes and the second deepest ocean trench, into 10 km underwater — deeper than Mount Everest’s height. The scale of the sanctuary will dwarf (矮化) any previous New Zealand’s protected area, spanning twice the size of the country’s mainland. It will cover 15% of New Zealand’s economic zone.

Commercial and recreational fishing will be completely banned, as will oil, gas and mineral prospecting (勘探), exploration and mining. Key’s government aims to pass legislation establishing the sanctuary next year.

"The sanctuary is a world-class, unspoiled marine environment and New Zealand is proud to protect it for future generations," Key said ."New Zealanders value our coasts and oceans, which are an important part of our culture, economy and environment and we are committed to managing them sustainably. Creating protected areas will support not only our own fisheries, but those of our Pacific neighbors, adding to New Zealand’s efforts to help grow Pacific economies through the responsible management of their ocean resources."

Nick Smith, New Zealand’s environment minister, said the sanctuary might impose a cost upon the mining industry but that it is important to protect the ocean before exploration takes place."New Zealand needs to use its vast ocean resources for jobs and exports in industries like fishing, aquaculture, minerals and energy, but we also need to set aside special areas where nature comes first and marine life is fully protected,"Smith said.

New Zealand will monitor the area via its navy and satellite technology. The Kermadec region will join three other key areas in the Pacific protected by the US, the UK and Australia.

Matt Rand, director of the Pew Charitable Trusts’ Global Ocean Legacy (遗产) campaign, welcomed Key’s announcement."New Zealand will create the gold standard of conservation areas in the sanctuary, preserving one of the few ly unspoiled areas of ocean on Earth,"he said."This commitment is an exciting step toward meeting global goals to safeguard at least 30% of the ocean through fully protected marine reserves."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了新西兰将会建立世界上最大的海洋生物保护区(面积为620,000 sq km.,)之一,以及它对于新西兰的矿业的影响和新西兰如何更好的保护她的海洋生物。

25.Why is the Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary important in biodiversity?

AIt has a superior geographical location.

BIt has many different kinds of sea animals.

CIts environment is suitable for the growth of marine life.

DIt is the only unspoiled area of ocean remained on Earth.

26.Which of the following will Key probably agree on?

APeople are allowed to fish for fun in the sanctuary.

BAll Pacific countries should be responsible for ocean resources.

CNew Zealanders attach great importance to protecting the sanctuary.

DNew Zealand has made great achievement in creating protected areas

27.What can we infer from what Nick Smith said?

ANew Zealand should develop its marine industry in special areas.

BThe Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary may affect New Zealand’s mining industry.

CNew Zealand hasn’t figured out how to make full use of its ocean resources.

DMeasures should be taken immediately to protect the ocean after exploration

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

You're not doomed to toss and turn every night. Although you might not be able to control all of the factors that relate to your sleep, you can adopt habits that encourage better sleep. Start with these simple sleep tips.

No. 1: Stick to a sleep schedule

Go to bed and get up at the same time every day, even on weekends, holidays and days off. Being consistent reinforces (加强) your body's sleep-wake cycle and helps promote better sleep at night. If you don't fall asleep within about 15 minutes, get up and do something relaxing. Go back to bed when you're tired.

No. 2: Pay attention to what you eat and drink

Don't go to bed either hungry or stuffed. Your discomfort might keep you up. Also limit how much you drink before bed, to prevent disruptive middle-of-the-night trips to the toilet. Nicotine, caffeine and alcohol deserve caution, too. The stimulating effects of nicotine and caffeine — which take hours to wear off — can ruin quality sleep.

No. 3: Create a bedtime ritual

Do the same things each night to tell your body it's time to wind down. This might include taking a warm bath or shower, reading a book, or listening to light music. Be careful of using the TV or other electronic devices as part of your bedtime ritual. Some research suggests that screen time or other media use before bedtime has impact on sleep.

No. 4: Get comfortable

Create a room that's ideal for sleeping. Often, this means cool, dark and quiet. Consider using room-darkening shades, earplugs, a fan or other devices to create an environment that suits your needs.

Your mattress and pillow can contribute to better sleep, too. Since the features of good bedding are subjective, choose what feels most comfortable to you. If you have children or pets, set limits on how often they sleep with you — or insist on separate sleeping quarters.

No. 5: Limit daytime naps

Long daytime naps can affect nighttime sleep — especially if you're struggling with poor sleep quality at night. If you choose to nap during the day, limit yourself to about 10 to 30 minutes and make it during the mid-afternoon.

If you work nights, you'll need to make an exception to the rules about daytime sleeping. In this case, keep your window coverings closed so that sunlight — which adjusts your internal clock — doesn't interrupt your daytime sleep.

No. 6: Include physical activity in your daily routine

Regular physical activity can promote better sleep, helping you to fall asleep faster and to enjoy deeper sleep. Timing is important, though. If you exercise too close to bedtime, you might be too energized to fall asleep. If this seems to be an issue for you, exercise earlier in the day.

No. 7: Manage stress

When you have too much to do — and too much to think about — your sleep is likely to suffer. To help restore peace to your life, consider healthy ways to manage stress. Start with the basics, such as getting organized, setting priorities and dividing tasks. Give yourself permission to take a break when you need one. Share a good laugh with an old friend.

Nearly everyone has an occasional sleepless night — but if you often have trouble sleeping, contact your doctor. Identifying and treating any underlying causes can help you get the better sleep you deserve.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了失眠这一现象及给出了克服失眠的几条建议。

28. Which of the following is helpful to have quality sleep at night?

Alistening to light music before bed

Bworking out in the gym only in the day time

Cusing expensive pillows that sell well

Ddrinking lots of water instead of coffee before bed

29. Which of the following sleep tips is not mentioned in the passage?

AControl your daytime sleep time.

BAdopt healthy ways to handle stress.

CFollow a flexible sleep timetable.

DSchedule your daily physical activities.

30. According to the passage, in what situation do you need to contact your doctor?

AYou can not nap in the day time.

BYou frequently have trouble sleeping.

CYou do not fall asleep within 15 minutes.

DYou have too much to think about before bed.

31. What’s the purpose of this passage?

ATo provide advice on promoting better sleep at night.

BTo inform readers of different sleep habits before bed.

CTo offer tips on various relaxing activities before bed.

DTo convince readers of the importance of quality sleep at night.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

Greece’s finance minister says his country’s financial situation is “terribly urgent” and the crisis could come to a head in a couple of weeks. Yanis Varoufakis gave the warning after euro zone finance ministers met in Brussels to discuss the final €7.2bn tranche(援助资金) of Greece’s €240bn EU/IMF bailout(紧急援助).

Ministers said Greece had made “progress” but more work was needed.

The Greek government is struggling to meet its payment obligations(责任).Earlier, Greece began the transfer of €750m (£544m, $834m) in debt interest to the International Monetary Fund - a day ahead of a payment deadline.

“The liquidity(资产流动性) issue is a terribly urgent issue. It’s common knowledge, let’s not beat around the bush,” Mr Varoufakis told reporters in Brussels. “From the perspective of timing, we are talking about the next couple of weeks.”

Greece has until the end of June to reach a reform deal with its international creditors. Its finances are running so low that it has had to ask public bodies for help. The crisis has raised the prospect that Greece might default(违约) on its debts and leave the euro.

In a statement, the euro zone finance ministers said they “welcomed the progress that has been achieved so far” in the negotiations,” but added: “We acknowledged that more time and effort are needed to bridge the gaps on the remaining open issues.” Euro group chairman Jeroen Dijsselbloem said there had to be a full deal on the bailout(紧急财务援助) before Greece received any further payments. “There are time constraints(限制;约束) and liquidity constraints and hopefully we will reach an agreement before time runs out and before money runs out.” he said.

There had been fears that Greece would default on its IMF debt repayment due on Tuesday. However, a Greek finance ministry official was quoted as saying that the order for repayment had been executed(实施) on Monday. Almost €1bn has been handed over to the IMF in interest payments since the start of May.

It is unclear how the government came up with the funds, but the mayor of Greece’s second city Thessaloniki revealed last week that he had handed over cash reserves in response to an appeal for money.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇时政新闻 。作者介绍了希腊债务危机的相关情况极其希腊和欧元区的财政部长为解决这一危机所采取的一系列措施。

32. What is Yanis Varoufakis?

AHe is Greece’s finance minister.

BHe is an expert in the euro zone.

CAn official of the International Monetary Fund.

DHe is Euro group chairman

33. Which of the following could be the worst result if Greece defaulted on its debts?

AThe International Monetary Fund would cancel the debt of Greece.

BThe EU would help Greece rebuild its financial system.

CGreece might have to leave the euro zone.

DThe euro zone would accept Greece

34.Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

AThe EU Get Challenged.

BThe International Monetary Fund Reform.

CThe EU Face Economic Crisis.

DGreece Two Weeks from Cash Crisis

35. What can we infer from the last two paragraphs?

APeople fear that the International Monetary Fund can’t pay Greece for debt repayment.

BGreece succeeded in paying interest payments to the IMF.

CIt is unclear how the government came up with the funds.

DThe mayor of Greece’s third city handed over cash reserves in response to an appeal for money. 【分值】2

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Dropping into hopelessness completely, Jack wandered on the streets, knowing he came to the end of life. In his mid-fifties, Jack had never been 41_, experienced the joy of having children or spent holidays with his family. On this miserable(悲惨的)rainy night, he felt as if there was 42_ in the entire world who cared whether he lived or died.

Meanwhile, I was sitting in my room watching the rain 43_ my window. When I heard the doorbell ring, I 44_ from my chair and raced out. But my mother was already at the door. Opening it, she found herself face-to-face with a very dirty-looking man with tears streaming down his face. My mother, overcome by 45_ , invited the man inside, and he sat with my parents in our living room.

46_, I walked secretly downstairs so that I could get a better look. I couldn't understand what they were saying, but the sight of the man, 47_ his head in his hands and crying, made my chest ache. I raced back upstairs to my room and 48_ my hand into my money jar. Pulling out my only half-dollar coin, I ran back downstairs.

When I reached the door of the living room, I walked right in. The three 49_ looked at me in 50_ as I quickly made my way over the stranger. I put the half-dollar in his hand and told him that I wanted him to have it. Then I gave him a 51bd_blank, turned and ran as fast as I could out of the room and back upstairs. I felt excited but happy.

Downstairs, Jack sat quietly with his head 52_.Tears streamed down his face as he 53_ held that coin. Finally looking up at my parents, he said, "It’s just that I thought nobody cared. For the last twenty years, I have been so 54_ . That is the first hug I have ever got. It’s hard to believe that somebody 55_

Jack's life changed that night. When he left our house, he was 56_ to live instead of die. Although we never saw Jack again, we received letters from him 57_, letting us know that he was doing fine.

My life changed that night, too, as I 58_ the hug healing (治愈) power of giving, even if it’s only a gift of fifty cents. Before Jack left, my parents asked him why he had knocked on our door. Jack said that 59_ he'd walked along the streets that rainy night, 60_ and ready to die, he had noticed a sticker on the car. It read: SOMEBODY LOVES YOU.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲叙了一个50多岁的从未结婚的单身男人JACK在一个下雨的夜晚因为觉得无人关心他而意欲轻生,后来在作者家里面,由于作者给了他50美分并给了他一个拥抱,让他感受了有人关心,使他重新燃起生活的希望和勇气。文章揭示了:生活当中处处充满了爱,我们要爱己,也要爱他人,这样,这个世界会因为我们的爱的存在而更加温暖。

41.

Aemployed

Bunderstood

Cmanaged

Dmarried

42.

Aanybody

Bsomebody

Cnobody

Deverybody

43.

Aapproach

Bbeat

Cbreak

Dcover

44.

Ajumped

Bran

Clooked

Dsettled

45.

Afear

Banxiety

Cguilty

Dpity

46.

ACurious

BAnnoyed

CExcited

DWorried

47.

Ashaking

Bnodding

Cholding

Dresting

48.

Aadjusted

Breached

Cpresented

Dpushed

49.

Astrangers

Bneighbors

Cvisitors

Dadults

50.

Aanger

Bdelight

Cfun

Dsurprise

51.

Ahug

Bsmile

Ckiss

Dhandshake

52.

Araised

Bbowed

Cignored

Dturned

53.

Acalmly

Btightly

Cimpatiently

Dprivately

54.

Aanxious

Blonely

Cstressed

Dbored

55.

Amakes

Bfigures

Ccares

Ddeserves

56.

Aflexible

Blikely

Cdisappointed

Dready

57.

Aoccasionally

Bat once

Chardly

Dnever

58.

Ahid

Binformed

Cassisted

Dsaw

59.

Aas

Bbefore

Cuntil

Dunless

60.

Aweak

Bashamed

Chelpless

Dregretful

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

Once a year, a race is held for old cars. A lot of cars entered for this race last year and there was a great deal of 61_ (excite) just before it began. One of the most handsome cars was a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. 62_ most unusual car was a Benz 63_ had only three wheels. 64_ (build) in 1885, it was the oldest car taking part. After a great many loud explosions(轰响), the race began. Many of the cars 65_ (break) down on the way, so some drivers spent 66_ time under their cars than in them! A few cars, 67_ , completed the race. The winning car reached a speed of forty miles an hour ---much faster than any of 68_ (it) rivals. It sped downhill at the end of the race and the driver had a lot of trouble 69_ (try) to stop it. The race gave everyone a great deal of pleasure. It was very different 70_ modern car races but no less exciting.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了一次旧车比赛的惊险情景。尤其提到了一辆劳斯莱斯和一辆奔驰比赛的情形,这次赛车十分不同于现代赛车,但兴奋度丝毫不比现代赛车逊色。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

 71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Mr. Johnson,

  I’ve learned from a newspaper that some clerks are wanting in yourcompany. I am eager to being one of them. So I am writing the letter. My nameis Zhang Hua. I was born in the Hebei Province and I am in good health. I’ve just graduated in the ComputerDepartment of Wuhan University. I did very good in all subjects and I amespecial good at computer studies and English. I can read science books inEnglish and doing some writing in English as well.  Beside, I know a few French. And in my sparetime ,I enjoy playing basketball. As is said that your company is very famousand I’ll very glad if you letme work for it. My telephone number is 027-89276628.I am looking forward to hearing from yousoon.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

A new report says plastics are responsible for $13 billion in damage to the oceans and the undersea environment. The findings were announced recently at a United Nations conference.   36_   .

Plastic thrown away carelessly makes its way into rivers and other waterways.     37_  . After a while, it collects in the sea. And plastic never goes away. Plastic is not biodegradable—destroyed by bacteria or natural processes. Instead, it just breaks up into smaller pieces over time. The oceans contain a lot of chemicals and other pollutants(污染物).   38_   .That means harmful material may get into our food supply.

39_   . Human beings cause pollution and they can take steps to stop it. They can use fewer single use product containers and throw plastics away correctly. Plastic recycling programs also works—where old bottles and other plastics are collected, broken down and used to make new products. We could reuse bottles in our households many times if we wish to, rather than end it after the first use. We could, when we get rid of that plastic, recycle it and reuse it, which replaces the need for raw materials.

The report also calls on companies to improve methods for using plastics.     40_   . And it calls for information about the way plastic is thrown out or removed from use. By putting a new value on plastic, industry has a special reason to clean up the environment.

But all of the companies must join to deal with the problem.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。作者介绍了塑料物品的随意抛弃对于海洋和海洋环境造成了巨大的危害及其为解决这一问题和保护环境所采取的行动。

AThen, fish may eat the plastics.

BBut people can make a big difference.

CPlastics should be gathered together and reused.

D It is convenient to use plastic bags in everyday life.

E It asks for them to better measure and control plastic use.

FThe plastic eventually reaches coastal areas and ocean waters.

G The report tells about harm to sea life and what might be done to improve the situation.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假如你是李华,你的美国笔友David想了解你高中第一学年的情况。请根据下列所提示的信息给他写一封回信。

感叹时间过得快;

学习上的得与失;

学校生活:交友,课外活动等。

注意:

100字左右;信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总数。

可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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