DOGS DRIVE CAR
Auckland, New Zealand
After two months of learning, Monty, and Porter were able to drive an automobile around a racetrack. “We wanted to prove how smart rescue dogs are,” animal behaviorist Mark Vette says. Vette first used voice commands and treats to teach the dogs how to turn a steering wheel and how to change gear(换挡).
$来The dogs’ ride only accelerated up to 7.5 miles an hour, and trainers could stop the auto using a remote control.
Zoe the zebra’s markings are special. The animal has white and golden stripes. Zoe’s appearance resulted from a rare condition called amelanosis(黑素缺失症). Her body doesn't make enough melanin, the substance in an animal’s skin and hair cells that produces color. “Only 25 other golden zebras are known to exist in the world,”says Ann Goody, who runs the wildlife refuge where Zoe lives. In the wild, life may be difficult for animals with amelanosis because predators(捕猎者) can easily spot them. But Zoe is protected at her refuge.
COCKATOO MAKES TOOLS
When Figaro the cockatoo spots food lying just out of reach from his cage, he builds a tiny wooden tool to sweep the tasty prize in his way.
The bird first revealed his talent when a stone he was playing with rolled out of his cage. The cockatoo couldn’t reach the stone. So he flew away and returned with a small branch, slipping it through the fence to slide the stone toward him.
Wondering if he would do it again, scientists placed a nut exactly where the stone had been. This time, Figaro pulled out a small piece of wood in his cage and dragged the nut toward him.
1. If Zoe the zebra is set free in the wild, she will _____ .
2. What’ s special about Figaro the cockatoo?
3. What is the text mainly about?
On a Friday night in May 2015, Oliver and Lone Kleven heard angry shouts coming from their front lawn. Lone, 68, stepped onto the porch and saw two men in dark clothes struggling with something on the ground—right where she and her grandson had planted a flower bed the weekend before.
“Go fight somewhere else!” she shouted, worried her plants would get damaged. At the sound of her voice, the face of a boy appeared from beneath the two men. He looked 13 or 14 or so. “They’re trying to kill me!” the boy screamed. Lone ran toward them and, without hesitation, caught the boy’s arm, pulling him out.
“Leave him alone!” she shouted. When the men stood up, Lone saw what looked like a sharp object in one man’s hand. When she turned back toward the boy, he was moaning in pain and holding his stomach. The attackers began to move in on the boy again when Lone’s husband shouted: “Get lost!” The two men walked quickly and quietly across the street and drove off in a dark car.
“I have to get to the hospital!” the boy cried. He lifted his shirt, and Lone could see a bloody wound on his stomach. Oliver hugged the trembling boy while Lone caught her cell phone and car keys inside the house. She handed the phone to Oliver. “Call 911,” she told him. “I’m going after them.” Lone took off but was unable to find the car.
The Klevens then learned what had happened. Earlier that night, as the boy waited for his parents to pick him up from the high school across the street from the Klevens’ house, two men approached and demanded his wallet. When he refused, one of the men hit him in the face. The boy ran across the street. The men caught up with him, and one hurt him in the back and stomach with a sharp knife. That’s when Lone stepped in.
The boy’s wounds required operations, but he has fully recovered.
“He was alone and outnumbered,” says Lone. “There was no time to do anything except what I did.”
【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者主要讲述了在Kleven家花床附近，Oliver and Lone勇敢地和抢劫者搏斗，最终救下男孩并把他送进医院的故事。文章利用语言和动作描写生动地记录了这个小故事。
4. Why did Lone shout at the man at the beginning of the story?
5. What’s Lone’s first reaction when she got close to the men?
6. What’s the main idea of the passage?
7. What’s the correct order of the following events?
a. Lone stepped in the fight.
b. The two men drove off in a dark car.
c. The boy waited for his parents to pick him up.
d. Lone’s husband boomed from the porch.
e. Two men approached and demanded the boy’s wallet.
f. The boy ran across the street to a flower bed.
It is commonly believed that all over the world, boys and girls attend a mixed school, where they study together. But boys' schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.
Always boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to correspond to(和…相符) the "boy code" of hiding their emotions to be a "real man".
Surprisingly, the findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.
George Carl, headmaster of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.
The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when girls do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.
But in single-sex schools teachers can adjust lessons to boys' learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study's author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.
Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with "boy-focused" approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given "hands-on" lessons where they are allowed to walk around. "Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine（女性的) and prefer the modern genre (类型) in which violence and sexism are major themes," James wrote.
Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel that they had to be "masterful and in charge" in relationships. "In mixed schools, boys feel forced to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means," the study reported.
8. The writer argues that a single-sex school would __________.
9. Traditionally, in a mixed school boys __________.
10. In Abigail James’ opinion, one of the advantages of single-sex schools is ______.
11. The underlined word “acute” in paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to ______ .
Often a nickname is a shortened form of a person's name, and it can also be a descriptive name for a place or a thing. Many American cities have nicknames. These can help build up an identity, spread pride among citizens and build their unity. Nicknames can also be funny.
Los Angeles, California is the second largest city in population, after New York City. Los Angeles has several nicknames. One is simply the city's initials, L.A. It is also called the City of Angels because Los Angeles means "the angels" in Spanish.
Los Angeles often has warm, sunny weather. So another nickname is City of Flowers and Sunshine. New York is called The Big Apple. So Los Angeles is sometimes called The Big Orange because of the fruit that grows in that city's warm climate.
The American movie and television industries are based in Los Angeles. So it is not surprising that it is called The Entertainment Capital of the World. Many films are made in the area of Los Angeles called Hollywood. Millions of people visit the area. No trip to Los Angeles is perfect without seeing the word "Hollywood" spelled out in huge letters on a hillside.
Many movie stars live in Los Angeles. The city is sometimes called Tinseltown. This nickname comes from the shiny, bright and often unreal nature of Hollywood and the movie industry.
Another nickname for Los Angeles is La-La Land, using the first letters of Los and Angeles. This means a place that is fun and not serious, and maybe even out of touch with reality.
A good place for watching unusual-looking people is Venice, an area on the west side of Los Angeles. A system of waterways designed after the Italian city of Venice has been built there. Many people love Los Angeles for its warm sunny weather, beautiful mountains and beaches, and movie stars. That includes Randy Newman, who sings about his hometown.
On the whole, Los Angeles is growing attractive just for its rich nicknames.
12. Choose the one that isn’t the function of a nickname of a place.
13. Which of the following can best replace the underlined sentence?
14. What’s the number of the nicknames given to Los Angeles?
15. According to the passage, the true statement is ________.
51. 第一节 短文改错
The International Volunteer Day approaching, some volunteers of our school are organized to assist the policemen with traffic control in our city. At 8 o’clock on the morning of last Sunday, we gathered at the school gate. One of our teachers was in the charge of this activity but he divided us into four groups. Then we went to different crossings near our school. The police officers told us that we should do and how to protect themselves from danger. We spent the whole morning keep the streams of traffic flowing smooth. With a red banner in our hands, we stopped some road user running the red light. Some citizens praised us our good deeds. Because we were very tired that morning, we were proud to have offered service to our society.
Imagine going to bed not knowing where your next meal is going to come from. _ Today, nearly 11 percent of people on Earth suffer from hunger, according to a recent State of Food Insecurity in the World report published by the United Nations. But it turns out that this number is something to celebrate!
Though the numbers look like a lot, the number of hungry people in the world has actually decreased by about 209 million since 1992. This has been mainly due to the hard work of organizations such as the UN, the FAO and the WFP. According to the WFP, the world produces enough food to feed the entire population of 7 billion people. _ There are many reasons why food does not go from the producers to the consumers.
People living in poverty cannot afford nutritious foods. This makes them weaker and it is harder for them to earn money to escape from poverty and hunger. _ An average person in the US spends just 6.6% of the income on food.
Drought is one of the most common causes of food shortage in the world. _ In many countries, climate change is worsening the situation.
Conflicts around the world can disrupt farming and food production. Fighting forces millions of people to flee their homes. These people don’t have the means to feed themselves.
bd_blank Food that is wasted uses up precious natural resources.
“Don’t you want to consider studying business?” It was 2003 and I was in Class 10. Why did Papa ask me that? He knew I wanted to be a _ .
“If you’re thinking of studying mass media after class 12,” Papa added, “ _ should be more helpful than science.”
“But I _ to be a cardiologist（心脏病学家), Papa!” I protested.
“ _ that’s where your heart really lies, I’m sorry I _ this up,” he said.
In 2006, after I had spent two difficult years trying to study science, I brought up the _ again with my father, a teacher who _ his own training institute in Ujjain, MP. “What made you _ I’d make a better journalist than a doctor?” I asked Papa.
“You have been my bd_blank , too,” he said, smiling.
I was just eight years old when I _ evening classes at his institute. It was very different from regular school. We shared anecdotes, made presentations, staged plays, listened to and watched tapes from the BBC.
Always thinking about his students, Papa _ takes leave but when he absolutely has to, he feels guilty. It _ him when a student doesn’t show the same enthusiasm.
Every year, Teacher’s Day, the 5th of September, is like a bd_blank in our house. The phone _ ringing. Papa takes every call _ it were the only one he got.
It turned out to be journalism and not cardiology for me. In June 2006, when I joined St Xavier’s College, Mumbai, for my bd_blank degree in mass media, it felt like Papa’s classes. Soon I was writing regularly for the news magazine Outlook. In 2009, it was Papa again who _ me decide not take a postgraduate degree in mass media.
“You’ll only study the _ things again,” Papa explained. “Sociology is such a lively subject, and if you want to be a good journalist you _ know about society and people.”
I got my MA in sociology two years later.
This Father’s Day, June 21, when I called him, I will have completed nearly four fruitful years working as a journalist, thanks to Papa’s _ .
My husband and I were paying a visit _ my parents in Tucson. We went to a fast-food restaurant for dinner together. My husband went to the counter _ (order )dishes and I stood with my parents.
My dad is 90 years old. He can hardly see very well and walks with a stick. I was scanning the restaurant, _ (wait) to sit at the first table that was _ (convenient)than others. A woman who was sitting with her son made eye contact with me and asked me to come to her. With a
_ (puzzle) look on my face, I pointed to myself and said , “Me ?” She _ (nod) and said , “ Yes, you.” I walked to the table and she said , “ Bring your family here. I can finish eating at the counter. My son is in _ hurry to leave anyway.” My eyes _ (fill)with tears as she wiped down the table and guided my dad to the seat.
$来I always believe that there are _ (nature) kind people in this world. This woman has set a good example to her son, _ is a really lucky guy.