• 英语 2017年高三第二次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共45分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

DOGS DRIVE CAR

Auckland, New Zealand

After two months of learning, Monty, and Porter were able to drive an automobile around a racetrack. “We wanted to prove how smart rescue dogs are,” animal behaviorist Mark Vette says. Vette first used voice commands and treats to teach the dogs how to turn a steering wheel and how to change gear(换挡).

$来The dogs’ ride only accelerated up to 7.5 miles an hour, and trainers could stop the auto using a remote control.

GOLDEN ZEBRA

Kailua-Kona, Hawaii

Zoe the zebra’s markings are special. The animal has white and golden stripes. Zoe’s appearance resulted from a rare condition called amelanosis(黑素缺失症). Her body doesn't make enough melanin, the substance in an animal’s skin and hair cells that produces color. “Only 25 other golden zebras are known to exist in the world,”says Ann Goody, who runs the wildlife refuge where Zoe lives. In the wild, life may be difficult for animals with amelanosis because predators(捕猎者) can easily spot them. But Zoe is protected at her refuge.

COCKATOO MAKES TOOLS

Vienna, Austria

When Figaro the cockatoo spots food lying just out of reach from his cage, he builds a tiny wooden tool to sweep the tasty prize in his way.

The bird first revealed his talent when a stone he was playing with rolled out of his cage. The cockatoo couldn’t reach the stone. So he flew away and returned with a small branch, slipping it through the fence to slide the stone toward him.

Wondering if he would do it again, scientists placed a nut exactly where the stone had been. This time, Figaro pulled out a small piece of wood in his cage and dragged the nut toward him.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。主要讲述了三种奇特的动物,分别是搜救犬、金色斑马和风头鹦鹉。

1. If Zoe the zebra is set free in the wild, she will _____ .

Ameet no natural predators

Bnot get along with other zebras

Cmanage to make enough melanin

Dbe easily found for her appearance

2. What’ s special about Figaro the cockatoo?

AHe’ s particular about his food.

BHe’s extremely fond of stones.

CHe’s good at drawing support from outside forces.

DHe can tell the difference between stones and nuts.

3. What is the text mainly about?

AAmazing animals.

BWays to help animals.

CAnimals’ unique talents.

DTips on training animals.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

On a Friday night in May 2015, Oliver and Lone Kleven heard angry shouts coming from their front lawn. Lone, 68, stepped onto the porch and saw two men in dark clothes struggling with something on the ground—right where she and her grandson had planted a flower bed the weekend before.

“Go fight somewhere else!” she shouted, worried her plants would get damaged. At the sound of her voice, the face of a boy appeared from beneath the two men. He looked 13 or 14 or so. “They’re trying to kill me!” the boy screamed. Lone ran toward them and, without hesitation, caught the boy’s arm, pulling him out.

“Leave him alone!” she shouted. When the men stood up, Lone saw what looked like a sharp object in one man’s hand. When she turned back toward the boy, he was moaning in pain and holding his stomach. The attackers began to move in on the boy again when Lone’s husband shouted: “Get lost!” The two men walked quickly and quietly across the street and drove off in a dark car.

“I have to get to the hospital!” the boy cried. He lifted his shirt, and Lone could see a bloody wound on his stomach. Oliver hugged the trembling boy while Lone caught her cell phone and car keys inside the house. She handed the phone to Oliver. “Call 911,” she told him. “I’m going after them.” Lone took off but was unable to find the car.

The Klevens then learned what had happened. Earlier that night, as the boy waited for his parents to pick him up from the high school across the street from the Klevens’ house, two men approached and demanded his wallet. When he refused, one of the men hit him in the face. The boy ran across the street. The men caught up with him, and one hurt him in the back and stomach with a sharp knife. That’s when Lone stepped in.

The boy’s wounds required operations, but he has fully recovered.

“He was alone and outnumbered,” says Lone. “There was no time to do anything except what I did.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者主要讲述了在Kleven家花床附近,Oliver and Lone勇敢地和抢劫者搏斗,最终救下男孩并把他送进医院的故事。文章利用语言和动作描写生动地记录了这个小故事。

4. Why did Lone shout at the man at the beginning of the story?

ATo stop them fighting with each other.

BTo prevent her flowers being ruined.

CTo stop them stealing in the flower bed.

DTo keep the boy from being wounded.

5. What’s Lone’s first reaction when she got close to the men?

AShe kept them separate.

BShe was shocked at the boy’s wounds.

CShe pulled the boy out.

DShe called her husband for help.

6. What’s the main idea of the passage?

AAn old couple rescued a boy by fighting against two robbers.

BA boy was saved.

CTwo robbers were driven away.

DAn old lady didn’t track the two robbers.

7. What’s the correct order of the following events?

a. Lone stepped in the fight.

b. The two men drove off in a dark car.

c. The boy waited for his parents to pick him up.

d. Lone’s husband boomed from the porch.

e. Two men approached and demanded the boy’s wallet.

f. The boy ran across the street to a flower bed.

Acfeadb

Bcefadb

Cfecabd

DEafcbd

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

It is commonly believed that all over the world, boys and girls attend a mixed school, where they study together. But boys' schools are the perfect place to teach young men to express their emotions and involve them in activities such as art, dance and music.

Always boys at single-sex schools were said to be more likely to get involved in cultural and artistic activities that helped develop their emotional expressiveness, rather than feeling they had to correspond to(和…相符) the "boy code" of hiding their emotions to be a "real man".

Surprisingly, the findings of the study go against received wisdom that boys do better when taught alongside girls.

George Carl, headmaster of Eton, warned that boys were being failed by the British education system because it had become too focused on girls. He criticized teachers for failing to recognize that boys are actually more emotional than girls.

The research argued that boys often perform badly in mixed schools because they become discouraged when girls do better earlier in speaking and reading skills.

But in single-sex schools teachers can adjust lessons to boys' learning style, letting them move around the classroom and getting them to compete in teams to prevent boredom, wrote the study's author, Abigail James, of the University of Virginia.

Teachers could encourage boys to enjoy reading and writing with "boy-focused" approaches such as themes and characters that appeal to them. Because boys generally have more acute vision, learn best through touch, and are physically more active, they need to be given "hands-on" lessons where they are allowed to walk around. "Boys in mixed schools view classical music as feminine(女性的) and prefer the modern genre (类型) in which violence and sexism are major themes," James wrote.

Single-sex education also made it less likely that boys would feel that they had to be "masterful and in charge" in relationships. "In mixed schools, boys feel forced to act like men before they understand themselves well enough to know what that means," the study reported.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇科学研究。文章主要论述了男子学校中男孩子成长的优点,男子学校的男孩子比混合学校的男孩子表现得更好,他们更倾向于自由表达他们的情绪,积极参加文化艺术活动。在男子学校,教师可以根据他们的特点调整课程,以适应他们的发展。

8. The writer argues that a single-sex school would __________.

Aencourage boys to express their emotions more freely

Bhelp boys to be more competitive in schools.

Cforce boys to he their emotions to be "real men"

DD. naturally strengthen boys’ traditional image of a man

9. Traditionally, in a mixed school boys __________.

Abehave more responsibly.

Bperform relatively better.

Cgrow up more healthily.

Dreceive a better education.

10. In Abigail James’ opinion, one of the advantages of single-sex schools is ______.

Aboys can choose to learn whatever they are interested in

Bboys can focus on their lessons without being distracted

Cteaching can be adjusted to suiting the characteristics of boys

Dteaching can be designed to promote boys' team spirit

11. The underlined word “acute” in paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to ______ .

Alovely

Bserious

Csharp

Ddull

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

Often a nickname is a shortened form of a person's name, and it can also be a descriptive name for a place or a thing. Many American cities have nicknames. These can help build up an identity, spread pride among citizens and build their unity. Nicknames can also be funny.
Los Angeles, California is the second largest city in population, after New York City. Los Angeles has several nicknames. One is simply the city's initials, L.A. It is also called the City of Angels because Los Angeles means "the angels" in Spanish.
Los Angeles often has warm, sunny weather. So another nickname is City of Flowers and Sunshine. New York is called The Big Apple. So Los Angeles is sometimes called The Big Orange because of the fruit that grows in that city's warm climate.
The American movie and television industries are based in Los Angeles. So it is not surprising that it is called The Entertainment Capital of the World. Many films are made in the area of Los Angeles called Hollywood. Millions of people visit the area. No trip to Los Angeles is perfect without seeing the word "Hollywood" spelled out in huge letters on a hillside.
Many movie stars live in Los Angeles. The city is sometimes called Tinseltown. This nickname comes from the shiny, bright and often unreal nature of Hollywood and the movie industry.
Another nickname for Los Angeles is La-La Land, using the first letters of Los and Angeles. This means a place that is fun and not serious, and maybe even out of touch with reality.
A good place for watching unusual-looking people is Venice, an area on the west side of Los Angeles. A system of waterways designed after the Italian city of Venice has been built there. Many people love Los Angeles for its warm sunny weather, beautiful mountains and beaches, and movie stars. That includes Randy Newman, who sings about his hometown.

On the whole, Los Angeles is growing attractive just for its rich nicknames.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。文章首先介绍了昵称的作用,接着介绍了美国的著名城市洛杉矶的众多昵称及其由来,洛杉矶因这些昵称而变得更加吸引人。

12. Choose the one that isn’t the function of a nickname of a place.

AUniting surrounding cities

BEntertainment  

C   C. Bringing pride to the locals

DEstablishing characteristics

13. Which of the following can best replace the underlined sentence?

ASeeing the big letters "Hollywood" on a hillside means you've been really to Los Angeles.

BNot seeing the word "Hollywood" on a hillside means you haven't been to Los Angeles.

C   C. If you visit Los Angeles you should first pay a visit to "Hollywood" s on a hillside.

D   D. Your trip to Los Angeles is not complete if you miss the big letters "Hollywood" on a hillside

14. What’s the number of the nicknames given to Los Angeles?

A5

B4

C7

D6

15. According to the passage, the true statement is ________.

ALos Angeles was built after the Italian city of Venice 

B   B. Hollywood alone adds fame to Los Angeles  

C   C. Los Angeles is most famous for its nicknames  

  

D D. All the nicknames increase the charm of Los Angeles

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

51. 第一节 短文改错
  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The International Volunteer Day approaching, some volunteers of our school are organized to assist the policemen with traffic control in our city. At 8 o’clock on the morning of last Sunday, we gathered at the school gate. One of our teachers was in the charge of this activity but he divided us into four groups. Then we went to different crossings near our school. The police officers told us that we should do and how to protect themselves from danger. We spent the whole morning keep the streams of traffic flowing smooth. With a red banner in our hands, we stopped some road user running the red light. Some citizens praised us our good deeds. Because we were very tired that morning, we were proud to have offered service to our society.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Imagine going to bed not knowing where your next meal is going to come from. _ Today, nearly 11 percent of people on Earth suffer from hunger, according to a recent State of Food Insecurity in the World report published by the United Nations. But it turns out that this number is something to celebrate!

Though the numbers look like a lot, the number of hungry people in the world has actually decreased by about 209 million since 1992. This has been mainly due to the hard work of organizations such as the UN, the FAO and the WFP. According to the WFP, the world produces enough food to feed the entire population of 7 billion people. _ There are many reasons why food does not go from the producers to the consumers.

People living in poverty cannot afford nutritious foods. This makes them weaker and it is harder for them to earn money to escape from poverty and hunger. _ An average person in the US spends just 6.6% of the income on food.

Drought is one of the most common causes of food shortage in the world. _ In many countries, climate change is worsening the situation.

Conflicts around the world can disrupt farming and food production. Fighting forces millions of people to flee their homes. These people don’t have the means to feed themselves.

bd_blank Food that is wasted uses up precious natural resources.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇社科性质的议论文。主要讨论了世界性饥饿问题的现状以及造成饥饿问题的原因,谈到了食物分配、自然灾害、战争等原因。

AHow can we solve the problem?

BEach nation has its own challenges.

COne-third of all food produced is never consumed.

DBut not everybody has access to food when they need it.

EThat is the fate of nearly 805 million people in the world.

FNatural disasters such as flood and tropical storms can impact food output too.

GDo you know in poor countries people spend over 80% of their earnings on food?

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

第三部分: 英语知识运用

第一节 完形填空

“Don’t you want to consider studying business?” It was 2003 and I was in Class 10. Why did Papa ask me that? He knew I wanted to be a   _   .

“If you’re thinking of studying mass media after class 12,” Papa added, “   _   should be more helpful than science.”

“But I    _    to be a cardiologist(心脏病学家), Papa!” I protested.

   _    that’s where your heart really lies, I’m sorry I    _   this up,” he said.

In 2006, after I had spent two difficult years trying to study science, I brought up the   _    again with my father, a teacher who   _  his own training institute in Ujjain, MP. “What made you    _    I’d make a better journalist than a doctor?” I asked Papa.

“You have been my  bd_blank    , too,” he said, smiling.

I was just eight years old when I    _   evening classes at his institute. It was very different from regular school. We shared anecdotes, made presentations, staged plays, listened to and watched tapes from the BBC.

Always thinking about his students, Papa    _  takes leave but when he absolutely has to, he feels guilty. It   _   him when a student doesn’t show the same enthusiasm.

Every year, Teacher’s Day, the 5th of September, is like a  bd_blank in our house. The phone     _    ringing. Papa takes every call    _    it were the only one he got.

It turned out to be journalism and not cardiology for me. In June 2006, when I joined St Xavier’s College, Mumbai, for my  bd_blank degree in mass media, it felt like Papa’s classes. Soon I was writing regularly for the news magazine Outlook. In 2009, it was Papa again who   _   me decide not take a postgraduate degree in mass media.

“You’ll only study the    _    things again,” Papa explained. “Sociology is such a lively subject, and if you want to be a good journalist you    _   know about society and people.”

I got my MA in sociology two years later.

This Father’s Day, June 21, when I called him, I will have completed nearly four fruitful years working as a journalist, thanks to Papa’s   _   .

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者主要讲述了父亲在自己的职业生涯中给自己的指导,使得自己成为了一名出色的记者。此外父亲作为一名老师,对自己的学生爱护有加,高度负责,全篇表达了作者最父亲的感激与敬仰之情。

21.

Ajournalist

Bdoctor

Cbusinessman

DSociologist

22.

Abusiness

Bliterature

Csociology

DCommunication

23.

Ahesitate

Brefuse

Cwant

DAgree

24.

AIf

BSo

CWhen

DBut

25.

Apicked

Bput

Cbrought

DGave

26.

Aconcept

Bproject

Cquestion

DSubject

27.

Asupports

Bruns

Cholds

DD. Shares

28.

Afeel

Bdoubt

Chope

DPrefer

29.

Ason

Bstudent

Cfellow

DFriend

30.

Achose

Btaught

Cattended

DReceived

31.

Asometimes

Balways

Cnever

DHardly

32.

Ahurts

Bdefeats

Cstrikes

DAmuses

33.

Ashow

Blecture

Cmeeting

DFestival

34.

Akeeps

Bbegins

Ccontinues

DStops

35.

Ain case

Bas if

Ceven if

Dnow that

36.

Abachelor’s

Bmaster’s

Cdoctor’s

Dgraduate’s

37.

Asaw

Blet

Cfound

DHelped

38.

Adifferent

Bsame

Cgeneral

DBoring

39.

Amay

Bcould

Cwould

DMust

40.

Apatience

Bpower

Cguidance

DUnderstanding

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 语法填空

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

My husband and I were paying a visit  _ my parents in Tucson. We went to a fast-food restaurant for dinner together. My husband went to the counter  _ (order )dishes and I stood with my parents.

My dad is 90 years old. He can hardly see very well and walks with a stick. I was scanning the restaurant,  _ (wait) to sit at the first table that was  _ (convenient)than others. A woman who was sitting with her son made eye contact with me and asked me to come to her. With a

_ (puzzle) look on my face, I pointed to myself and said , “Me ?” She  _ (nod) and said , “ Yes, you.” I walked to the table and she said , “ Bring your family here. I can finish eating at the counter. My son is in  _ hurry to leave anyway.” My eyes  _ (fill)with tears as she wiped down the table and guided my dad to the seat.

$来I always believe that there are  _ (nature) kind people in this world. This woman has set a good example to her son,  _ is a really lucky guy.

【语篇导读】:本文属于记叙文,作者通过描写自己一家人去饭店吃饭,一位女士主动让桌的行为,表现了自己坚信世界真善美的信念,并对让桌的女士给以了高度评价。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是高中学生李华,你的美国朋友Jim即将升入高中,想让你给他一些学习建议。请你给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括:

· 与老师交流,征求老师意见;

· 2. 上课积极参与讨论,专心听讲,做好笔记;

· 3. 课后积极完成作业,巩固知识。

注意:1.词数100左右;           2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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