• 英语 2018年高三山西省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节(共15小题1每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列矩文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

             Visitor Code of Conduct

        Please help us maintain a healing environment for our patients. Visiting hours and policies vary throughout the hospital. Please ask a staff member about the policy on the unit you wish to visit

        We ask that you obey the following visitor rules:

        * Do not visit if you are sick (fever, coughs, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting) or have been exposed to chicken pox (水痘) or other infectious illnesses within the past three weeks.

        * Clean your hands each lime you enter and leave the patient’s room.

        * Follow isolation precautions (隔离预防措施) that are posted on the patient’s door.

        * Do not touch patient equipment, patient wounds, or bandages while visiting,

        * You must wear shoes and shirts at all times. Clothing must be clean and neat.

        * Visitors are limited to two per patient each time.

        * Do not use waiting rooms on a unit if you are not visiting a patient in that unit.

        * Waiting rooms are not for overnight stays.

        * Children must have adult supervision at all times and must be respectful of the hospital’s healing environment. Some units do not allow children’s visiting unit you wish to visit.

        You will be asked to leave for breaking any of the above rules or for the following:

        * Your behavior creates a risk to patients, families or staff.

        * You appear to be ill.

        * You refuse to follow isolation precautions.

        * You are not respectful or considerate of others.

        * You fail to supervise children.

        If you believe someone is violating these rules, or you need assistance, please notify security by dialing 7363 on the hospital phones or 813-844-7363 on your mobile phone. Security is available at all times.

        Waiting areas are monitored at all times by a security video camera.

Before you visit a unit in the hospital what should you do?

AYou should make an appointment.

BYou should ask permission from the doctor.

CYou should check the visiting policy.

DYou should have your clothes disinfected.

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                                A

             Visitor Code of Conduct

        Please help us maintain a healing environment for our patients. Visiting hours and policies vary throughout the hospital. Please ask a staff member about the policy on the unit you wish to visit

        We ask that you obey the following visitor rules:

        * Do not visit if you are sick (fever, coughs, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting) or have been exposed to chicken pox (水痘) or other infectious illnesses within the past three weeks.

        * Clean your hands each lime you enter and leave the patient’s room.

        * Follow isolation precautions (隔离预防措施) that are posted on the patient’s door.

        * Do not touch patient equipment, patient wounds, or bandages while visiting,

        * You must wear shoes and shirts at all times. Clothing must be clean and neat.

        * Visitors are limited to two per patient each time.

        * Do not use waiting rooms on a unit if you are not visiting a patient in that unit.

        * Waiting rooms are not for overnight stays.

        * Children must have adult supervision at all times and must be respectful of the hospital’s healing environment. Some units do not allow children’s visiting unit you wish to visit.

        You will be asked to leave for breaking any of the above rules or for the following:

        * Your behavior creates a risk to patients, families or staff.

        * You appear to be ill.

        * You refuse to follow isolation precautions.

        * You are not respectful or considerate of others.

        * You fail to supervise children.

        If you believe someone is violating these rules, or you need assistance, please notify security by dialing 7363 on the hospital phones or 813-844-7363 on your mobile phone. Security is available at all times.

        Waiting areas are monitored at all times by a security video camera.

What are victors allowed to do according to the code?

ATouch patient equipment.

BVisit patients in groups of two.

CStay overnight in the waiting room.

DChange into slippers in the patient room.

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1

                                A

             Visitor Code of Conduct

        Please help us maintain a healing environment for our patients. Visiting hours and policies vary throughout the hospital. Please ask a staff member about the policy on the unit you wish to visit

        We ask that you obey the following visitor rules:

        * Do not visit if you are sick (fever, coughs, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting) or have been exposed to chicken pox (水痘) or other infectious illnesses within the past three weeks.

        * Clean your hands each lime you enter and leave the patient’s room.

        * Follow isolation precautions (隔离预防措施) that are posted on the patient’s door.

        * Do not touch patient equipment, patient wounds, or bandages while visiting,

        * You must wear shoes and shirts at all times. Clothing must be clean and neat.

        * Visitors are limited to two per patient each time.

        * Do not use waiting rooms on a unit if you are not visiting a patient in that unit.

        * Waiting rooms are not for overnight stays.

        * Children must have adult supervision at all times and must be respectful of the hospital’s healing environment. Some units do not allow children’s visiting unit you wish to visit.

        You will be asked to leave for breaking any of the above rules or for the following:

        * Your behavior creates a risk to patients, families or staff.

        * You appear to be ill.

        * You refuse to follow isolation precautions.

        * You are not respectful or considerate of others.

        * You fail to supervise children.

        If you believe someone is violating these rules, or you need assistance, please notify security by dialing 7363 on the hospital phones or 813-844-7363 on your mobile phone. Security is available at all times.

        Waiting areas are monitored at all times by a security video camera.

What can be concluded from the text?

AChildren can go to any unit if they are supervised

BIf seem to be ill, you can still visit unless it is infectious.

CVisitors who break the rules will not allowed to visit again.

DYou can ask for security’s help at any time.

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                                B

        “Oh, my god. Are you serious?”

        That’s a reaction I often get when people hear the tale of my childhood.

        It’s a story I don’t often share. Growing up in a bad home, I learned to protect myself by not speaking up. I’ve seldom said anything about how badly I was treated and hurt as a child.

        I don’t talk about how my name was changed at least three times, what it was like to live in my ran (箱式货车), or how I’ve struggled with anxiety, depression,and wanting to kill myself.

        But I learned to start speaking up for myself. I went on to earn two graduate degrees and I will complete my doctorate this year. I’ve also become a widely published author. So how did I get to where I am today?

        What’s helped me is surrounding myself with caring, loving people. I’ve learned day-to-day skills through research, trial and errors and with the Kelp of skilled professionals.

        They’ve taught me how to slow down, to breathe, to be thankful for what I’ve got. They’re the ones who make my goals possible. They have also taught me to turn my past experiences into strength—to make the negatives into positives.

        My hope is that sharing my story might help others to see what is possible even in the darkest of times and help others to speak out.

        I don’t think I’m in any way special or unique. I’m a common man, no more deserving than anyone else. But for far too long, I’ve been afraid that others think I’m damaged goods. I’ve worried about how I might be treated differently.

        Pain and fear teach us to be silent. It’s time for that to change.

        I don’t know what tomorrow might bring, But one thing I’ve learned is that if we can mold on and find help, if we find ways to get through the day and speak up, we’ll not only survive, but become stronger than before.

        Our very survival can be an inspiration all on its own. And with love of my friends, I look forward to so much more than completing my education; I look forward to the future.

Why do people react the way they do after hearing the author’s story?

ABecause the author made up the story.

BBecause the author had a miserable early life.

CBecause the author learned to protect himself from childhood.

DBecause the author was a shy person who didn’t like to share stories.

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                                B

        “Oh, my god. Are you serious?”

        That’s a reaction I often get when people hear the tale of my childhood.

        It’s a story I don’t often share. Growing up in a bad home, I learned to protect myself by not speaking up. I’ve seldom said anything about how badly I was treated and hurt as a child.

        I don’t talk about how my name was changed at least three times, what it was like to live in my ran (箱式货车), or how I’ve struggled with anxiety, depression,and wanting to kill myself.

        But I learned to start speaking up for myself. I went on to earn two graduate degrees and I will complete my doctorate this year. I’ve also become a widely published author. So how did I get to where I am today?

        What’s helped me is surrounding myself with caring, loving people. I’ve learned day-to-day skills through research, trial and errors and with the Kelp of skilled professionals.

        They’ve taught me how to slow down, to breathe, to be thankful for what I’ve got. They’re the ones who make my goals possible. They have also taught me to turn my past experiences into strength—to make the negatives into positives.

        My hope is that sharing my story might help others to see what is possible even in the darkest of times and help others to speak out.

        I don’t think I’m in any way special or unique. I’m a common man, no more deserving than anyone else. But for far too long, I’ve been afraid that others think I’m damaged goods. I’ve worried about how I might be treated differently.

        Pain and fear teach us to be silent. It’s time for that to change.

        I don’t know what tomorrow might bring, But one thing I’ve learned is that if we can mold on and find help, if we find ways to get through the day and speak up, we’ll not only survive, but become stronger than before.

        Our very survival can be an inspiration all on its own. And with love of my friends, I look forward to so much more than completing my education; I look forward to the future.

What has helped the author become who he is now?

    a. Financial help from charities.

    b. Choosing positive and helpful people as friends.

    c. Putting in the effort to learn everyday skills.

    d. Getting special treatment for depression.

Aab.

Bbe.

Cabc.

Dbcd.

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                                B

        “Oh, my god. Are you serious?”

        That’s a reaction I often get when people hear the tale of my childhood.

        It’s a story I don’t often share. Growing up in a bad home, I learned to protect myself by not speaking up. I’ve seldom said anything about how badly I was treated and hurt as a child.

        I don’t talk about how my name was changed at least three times, what it was like to live in my ran (箱式货车), or how I’ve struggled with anxiety, depression,and wanting to kill myself.

        But I learned to start speaking up for myself. I went on to earn two graduate degrees and I will complete my doctorate this year. I’ve also become a widely published author. So how did I get to where I am today?

        What’s helped me is surrounding myself with caring, loving people. I’ve learned day-to-day skills through research, trial and errors and with the Kelp of skilled professionals.

        They’ve taught me how to slow down, to breathe, to be thankful for what I’ve got. They’re the ones who make my goals possible. They have also taught me to turn my past experiences into strength—to make the negatives into positives.

        My hope is that sharing my story might help others to see what is possible even in the darkest of times and help others to speak out.

        I don’t think I’m in any way special or unique. I’m a common man, no more deserving than anyone else. But for far too long, I’ve been afraid that others think I’m damaged goods. I’ve worried about how I might be treated differently.

        Pain and fear teach us to be silent. It’s time for that to change.

        I don’t know what tomorrow might bring, But one thing I’ve learned is that if we can mold on and find help, if we find ways to get through the day and speak up, we’ll not only survive, but become stronger than before.

        Our very survival can be an inspiration all on its own. And with love of my friends, I look forward to so much more than completing my education; I look forward to the future.

What has the author learned from his friends?

ATo forget his past experiences.

BTo find out his goals by trial and error.

CTo see what’s unique about himself.

DTo develop a positive attitude toward life.

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                                B

        “Oh, my god. Are you serious?”

        That’s a reaction I often get when people hear the tale of my childhood.

        It’s a story I don’t often share. Growing up in a bad home, I learned to protect myself by not speaking up. I’ve seldom said anything about how badly I was treated and hurt as a child.

        I don’t talk about how my name was changed at least three times, what it was like to live in my ran (箱式货车), or how I’ve struggled with anxiety, depression,and wanting to kill myself.

        But I learned to start speaking up for myself. I went on to earn two graduate degrees and I will complete my doctorate this year. I’ve also become a widely published author. So how did I get to where I am today?

        What’s helped me is surrounding myself with caring, loving people. I’ve learned day-to-day skills through research, trial and errors and with the Kelp of skilled professionals.

        They’ve taught me how to slow down, to breathe, to be thankful for what I’ve got. They’re the ones who make my goals possible. They have also taught me to turn my past experiences into strength—to make the negatives into positives.

        My hope is that sharing my story might help others to see what is possible even in the darkest of times and help others to speak out.

        I don’t think I’m in any way special or unique. I’m a common man, no more deserving than anyone else. But for far too long, I’ve been afraid that others think I’m damaged goods. I’ve worried about how I might be treated differently.

        Pain and fear teach us to be silent. It’s time for that to change.

        I don’t know what tomorrow might bring, But one thing I’ve learned is that if we can mold on and find help, if we find ways to get through the day and speak up, we’ll not only survive, but become stronger than before.

        Our very survival can be an inspiration all on its own. And with love of my friends, I look forward to so much more than completing my education; I look forward to the future.

What’s the main purpose of the article?

ATo show his pride in his achievements.

BTo share his childhood memories and future expectations.

CTo encourage people who have suffered to speak up and get help.

DTo stress that a painful childhood doesn’t necessarily determine your future.

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                                C

        Beijing’s Forbidden City is a place full of wonder. From its thousands of rooms to its many beautiful artifacts, there’s no wonder it’s one of China’s most popular tourist destinations.

        But even more than 600 years after it was built, it’s still managing to serve up surprises. Since it was built during the Ming Dynasty, it’s estimated that the Forbidden City has survived more than 200 earthquakes. And while most structures aren’t made to survive natural disasters, let alone ones built hundreds of years ago, it seems that the Forbidden City was built to withstand anything.

        A recent television documentary by UK broadcaster Channel 4 explored the skills of the ancient building’s designers. A group of Chinese carpenters and engineers were shown building a scale model (成比例模型) of one of the Forbidden City’s palaces, at one fifth of the size.

        To show how strong ancient Chinese architecture really is, the model was put to the test. It was subjected to a simulated (模拟的) earthquake of 9.5 on the Richter scale – equivalent to the largest ever recorded quake – and survived. Instead of falling apart, the model was just moved gently during the test.

        According to experts, the answer to the Forbidden City’s strength, as well as other ancient Chinese structures’, lies in dougong– a centuries-old building method invented in China. This is the name for special brackets on buildings. Despite being held together without any nails or glue, the brackets are perfect at keeping structures together when the weather gets rough.

        “Dougong design is an important earthquake-resistant feature of classical Chinese structures because the framework changes in shape when under pressure, much like the shock absorbers (减震器) of a car,” according to Chinese National Geography.

        “Ancient Chinese craftsmen created structures that were both enduring and aesthetically (在美学方面) pleasing using dougong, revealing their advanced understanding of mathematics, architecture, materials, and structural science.”

        The Forbidden City draws visitors because of its rich history and cultural significance, but perhaps it should add one more thing to its list of attractions: earthquake shelter.

What is the article mainly about?

AWhat has made the Forbidden City a popular tourist destination.

BWhat has helped the Forbidden City survive so many earthquakes.

CThe characteristics of Chinese architecture during the Ming Dynasty.

DA variety of building methods used in ancient Chinese structures.

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                                C

        Beijing’s Forbidden City is a place full of wonder. From its thousands of rooms to its many beautiful artifacts, there’s no wonder it’s one of China’s most popular tourist destinations.

        But even more than 600 years after it was built, it’s still managing to serve up surprises. Since it was built during the Ming Dynasty, it’s estimated that the Forbidden City has survived more than 200 earthquakes. And while most structures aren’t made to survive natural disasters, let alone ones built hundreds of years ago, it seems that the Forbidden City was built to withstand anything.

        A recent television documentary by UK broadcaster Channel 4 explored the skills of the ancient building’s designers. A group of Chinese carpenters and engineers were shown building a scale model (成比例模型) of one of the Forbidden City’s palaces, at one fifth of the size.

        To show how strong ancient Chinese architecture really is, the model was put to the test. It was subjected to a simulated (模拟的) earthquake of 9.5 on the Richter scale – equivalent to the largest ever recorded quake – and survived. Instead of falling apart, the model was just moved gently during the test.

        According to experts, the answer to the Forbidden City’s strength, as well as other ancient Chinese structures’, lies in dougong– a centuries-old building method invented in China. This is the name for special brackets on buildings. Despite being held together without any nails or glue, the brackets are perfect at keeping structures together when the weather gets rough.

        “Dougong design is an important earthquake-resistant feature of classical Chinese structures because the framework changes in shape when under pressure, much like the shock absorbers (减震器) of a car,” according to Chinese National Geography.

        “Ancient Chinese craftsmen created structures that were both enduring and aesthetically (在美学方面) pleasing using dougong, revealing their advanced understanding of mathematics, architecture, materials, and structural science.”

        The Forbidden City draws visitors because of its rich history and cultural significance, but perhaps it should add one more thing to its list of attractions: earthquake shelter.

Which of the following can best replace the underlined phrase “was subjected to” in Paragraph 4?

Asuffered

Bwas controlled by

Cobeyed

Dwas affected by

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                                C

        Beijing’s Forbidden City is a place full of wonder. From its thousands of rooms to its many beautiful artifacts, there’s no wonder it’s one of China’s most popular tourist destinations.

        But even more than 600 years after it was built, it’s still managing to serve up surprises. Since it was built during the Ming Dynasty, it’s estimated that the Forbidden City has survived more than 200 earthquakes. And while most structures aren’t made to survive natural disasters, let alone ones built hundreds of years ago, it seems that the Forbidden City was built to withstand anything.

        A recent television documentary by UK broadcaster Channel 4 explored the skills of the ancient building’s designers. A group of Chinese carpenters and engineers were shown building a scale model (成比例模型) of one of the Forbidden City’s palaces, at one fifth of the size.

        To show how strong ancient Chinese architecture really is, the model was put to the test. It was subjected to a simulated (模拟的) earthquake of 9.5 on the Richter scale – equivalent to the largest ever recorded quake – and survived. Instead of falling apart, the model was just moved gently during the test.

        According to experts, the answer to the Forbidden City’s strength, as well as other ancient Chinese structures’, lies in dougong– a centuries-old building method invented in China. This is the name for special brackets on buildings. Despite being held together without any nails or glue, the brackets are perfect at keeping structures together when the weather gets rough.

        “Dougong design is an important earthquake-resistant feature of classical Chinese structures because the framework changes in shape when under pressure, much like the shock absorbers (减震器) of a car,” according to Chinese National Geography.

        “Ancient Chinese craftsmen created structures that were both enduring and aesthetically (在美学方面) pleasing using dougong, revealing their advanced understanding of mathematics, architecture, materials, and structural science.”

        The Forbidden City draws visitors because of its rich history and cultural significance, but perhaps it should add one more thing to its list of attractions: earthquake shelter.

What was the aim of the test in the UK documentary?

ATo reproduce a real earthquake from the Ming Dynasty.

BTo discover a long-lost Chinese building method

CTo explain the impact of earthquakes on ancient buildings.

DTo prove the strength of ancient Chinese architecture.

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                                C

        Beijing’s Forbidden City is a place full of wonder. From its thousands of rooms to its many beautiful artifacts, there’s no wonder it’s one of China’s most popular tourist destinations.

        But even more than 600 years after it was built, it’s still managing to serve up surprises. Since it was built during the Ming Dynasty, it’s estimated that the Forbidden City has survived more than 200 earthquakes. And while most structures aren’t made to survive natural disasters, let alone ones built hundreds of years ago, it seems that the Forbidden City was built to withstand anything.

        A recent television documentary by UK broadcaster Channel 4 explored the skills of the ancient building’s designers. A group of Chinese carpenters and engineers were shown building a scale model (成比例模型) of one of the Forbidden City’s palaces, at one fifth of the size.

        To show how strong ancient Chinese architecture really is, the model was put to the test. It was subjected to a simulated (模拟的) earthquake of 9.5 on the Richter scale – equivalent to the largest ever recorded quake – and survived. Instead of falling apart, the model was just moved gently during the test.

        According to experts, the answer to the Forbidden City’s strength, as well as other ancient Chinese structures’, lies in dougong– a centuries-old building method invented in China. This is the name for special brackets on buildings. Despite being held together without any nails or glue, the brackets are perfect at keeping structures together when the weather gets rough.

        “Dougong design is an important earthquake-resistant feature of classical Chinese structures because the framework changes in shape when under pressure, much like the shock absorbers (减震器) of a car,” according to Chinese National Geography.

        “Ancient Chinese craftsmen created structures that were both enduring and aesthetically (在美学方面) pleasing using dougong, revealing their advanced understanding of mathematics, architecture, materials, and structural science.”

        The Forbidden City draws visitors because of its rich history and cultural significance, but perhaps it should add one more thing to its list of attractions: earthquake shelter.

What is “dougong” according to the text?

AA paint that gives Chinese buildings an attractive look.

BA tool used by ancient people to measure earth-quakes.

CSpecial building parts that keep a traditional Chinese building together,

DA building piece located in the center of a traditional Chinese house.

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                                D

        French writer Frantz Fanon once said: “To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture.” Since the world changes every day, so does our language.

        More than 300 new words and phrases have recently made it into the online Oxford Dictionary, and in one way or another they are all reflections of today’s changing world.

        After a year that was politically unstable, it’s not hard to understand the fact that people’s political views are one of the main drives of our expanding vocabulary. One example is “clicktivism”, a compound of “click” and “activism”. It refers to “armchair activists (键盘侠)” — people who support a political or social cause, but only show their support from behind a computer or smartphone. And “otherize” is a verb for “other” that means to keep a distance from people who are different from ourselves – whether that be different skin color, religious belief or sexuality.

        “We had all the words around Brexit (脱欧) in the last update and we are now starting to see all the words around Trump coming into the dictionary,” Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionaries’ head of content development, told The Guardian.

        Lifestyle is also changing our language. For example, “fitspiration” - a compound of “fit” and “inspiration” - refers to a person or thing that encourages one to exercise and stay fit and healthy. The phrase “climate refugee” - someone who is forced to leave their home due to climate change - reflects people’s concern for the environment.

        According to Stevenson, social media was the main source for the new expressions. “People feel much freer to coin their own words these days,” he said.

        But still, not all newly-invented words get the chance to make their way into a mainstream dictionary. If you want to create your own hit words, Stevenson’s suggestion is that you should not only make sure that they are expressive and meaningful, but also have an attractive sound so that people will enjoy saying them out loud.

Why docs the author mention Brexit and Trump?

ATo inform the reader of the origin of the word “clicktivism”.

BTo show the influences of current affairs on the English language.

CTo highlight two major political events that changed the world.

DTo explain what kind of new words can make it into a dictionary.

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                                D

        French writer Frantz Fanon once said: “To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture.” Since the world changes every day, so does our language.

        More than 300 new words and phrases have recently made it into the online Oxford Dictionary, and in one way or another they are all reflections of today’s changing world.

        After a year that was politically unstable, it’s not hard to understand the fact that people’s political views are one of the main drives of our expanding vocabulary. One example is “clicktivism”, a compound of “click” and “activism”. It refers to “armchair activists (键盘侠)” — people who support a political or social cause, but only show their support from behind a computer or smartphone. And “otherize” is a verb for “other” that means to keep a distance from people who are different from ourselves – whether that be different skin color, religious belief or sexuality.

        “We had all the words around Brexit (脱欧) in the last update and we are now starting to see all the words around Trump coming into the dictionary,” Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionaries’ head of content development, told The Guardian.

        Lifestyle is also changing our language. For example, “fitspiration” - a compound of “fit” and “inspiration” - refers to a person or thing that encourages one to exercise and stay fit and healthy. The phrase “climate refugee” - someone who is forced to leave their home due to climate change - reflects people’s concern for the environment.

        According to Stevenson, social media was the main source for the new expressions. “People feel much freer to coin their own words these days,” he said.

        But still, not all newly-invented words get the chance to make their way into a mainstream dictionary. If you want to create your own hit words, Stevenson’s suggestion is that you should not only make sure that they are expressive and meaningful, but also have an attractive sound so that people will enjoy saying them out loud.

How is the article mainly written?

ABy giving examples.

BBy making comparisons.

CBy following a timeline.

DBy presenting research findings.

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                                D

        French writer Frantz Fanon once said: “To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture.” Since the world changes every day, so does our language.

        More than 300 new words and phrases have recently made it into the online Oxford Dictionary, and in one way or another they are all reflections of today’s changing world.

        After a year that was politically unstable, it’s not hard to understand the fact that people’s political views are one of the main drives of our expanding vocabulary. One example is “clicktivism”, a compound of “click” and “activism”. It refers to “armchair activists (键盘侠)” — people who support a political or social cause, but only show their support from behind a computer or smartphone. And “otherize” is a verb for “other” that means to keep a distance from people who are different from ourselves – whether that be different skin color, religious belief or sexuality.

        “We had all the words around Brexit (脱欧) in the last update and we are now starting to see all the words around Trump coming into the dictionary,” Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionaries’ head of content development, told The Guardian.

        Lifestyle is also changing our language. For example, “fitspiration” - a compound of “fit” and “inspiration” - refers to a person or thing that encourages one to exercise and stay fit and healthy. The phrase “climate refugee” - someone who is forced to leave their home due to climate change - reflects people’s concern for the environment.

        According to Stevenson, social media was the main source for the new expressions. “People feel much freer to coin their own words these days,” he said.

        But still, not all newly-invented words get the chance to make their way into a mainstream dictionary. If you want to create your own hit words, Stevenson’s suggestion is that you should not only make sure that they are expressive and meaningful, but also have an attractive sound so that people will enjoy saying them out loud.

According to Stevenson, to make the words you invent popular, they should ________.

Abe easy to remember

Bhave unique meanings

Creflect the changing world

Dbe meaningful, expressive and appealing

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        French writer Frantz Fanon once said: “To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture.” Since the world changes every day, so does our language.

        More than 300 new words and phrases have recently made it into the online Oxford Dictionary, and in one way or another they are all reflections of today’s changing world.

        After a year that was politically unstable, it’s not hard to understand the fact that people’s political views are one of the main drives of our expanding vocabulary. One example is “clicktivism”, a compound of “click” and “activism”. It refers to “armchair activists (键盘侠)” — people who support a political or social cause, but only show their support from behind a computer or smartphone. And “otherize” is a verb for “other” that means to keep a distance from people who are different from ourselves – whether that be different skin color, religious belief or sexuality.

        “We had all the words around Brexit (脱欧) in the last update and we are now starting to see all the words around Trump coming into the dictionary,” Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionaries’ head of content development, told The Guardian.

        Lifestyle is also changing our language. For example, “fitspiration” - a compound of “fit” and “inspiration” - refers to a person or thing that encourages one to exercise and stay fit and healthy. The phrase “climate refugee” - someone who is forced to leave their home due to climate change - reflects people’s concern for the environment.

        According to Stevenson, social media was the main source for the new expressions. “People feel much freer to coin their own words these days,” he said.

        But still, not all newly-invented words get the chance to make their way into a mainstream dictionary. If you want to create your own hit words, Stevenson’s suggestion is that you should not only make sure that they are expressive and meaningful, but also have an attractive sound so that people will enjoy saying them out loud.

What is the best title for this passage?

ANew words into the online Oxford Dictionary

BThe application of new words and phrases

CHow a language mirrors the changing world

DThe impact of social media on our language

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

        Self-driving cars are believed to be the future of driving. Companies including Toyota, Uber and Google are all competing to be the first to bring them to the market. However, carmakers need to solve one problem first: _36_.

        Most drivers today use gestures to show their intentions. They wave a car into a lane, or nod at passers-by and cyclists, to let them cross. _37_. So what can they do? US carmaker Ford and its partner Virginia Tech think they have the answer, according to Business Insider.

        _38_. For example, if a driverless car is giving way, it could flash two white lights side to side. A solid white light would tell people nearby that there are no humans in the car. A slow blinking (闪烁的) light would show the car is coming to a stop. _39_. To test the method on real roads, the team designed a special suit that looks exactly like a car seat. When a driver wears it, it looks like the car is driverless.

        The team successfully collected more than 1,500 hours of data after about 2,900 kilometers of “self-driving” through busy cities. _40_. Fond says it plans to share the data with 11 other carmakers, according to DOGO News. Ford hopes that in the future, every carmaker will use the same system of signals.

    A. But self-driving cars don’t havethis ability

    B. It’s a test for the company’sself-driving technology

    C. The data recorded how people interactedwith a driverless vehicle

    D. How driverless cars communicate withpassers-by, bikers and other drivers

    E. A rapidly flashing light would tellpasser-by that a car is about to speed up

    F. More than one-third of them are worriedabout the safety of self-driving cars

    G.The team is testing ft method that uses light signals to show what self-drivingcars are doing

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        Surprisingly, Addison Witulski is only 9 years old. However, it’s evident that she’s a girl who puts _41 _ first.

        Her 7-year-old brother, Kaden Witulski, was born with a heart condition, and now he needs surgery _42_.

        She overheard her grandma and guardian, Kim Allred, _43_ finances with her husband, JC Allred, appeared to be _44_ about being able to afford traveling to Houston, where Kaden’s surgery is set to lake place, so she _45_ hosting a bake sale.

        “We’re a one income family who struggles to make both ends meet,” Allred said, “The fact that she heard me say that and then _46_ ahead and raised money made my heart melt.”

        When Addison _47_ setting up a lemonade stand last Saturday, Allred assumed she was just doing it for _48_, But when the little girl _49_ $54 at the end of the day, her grandma couldn’t believe it.

        “I still cry every time I think about it,” Allred said through her _50_, “To see a 9-year- old want to _51_ her brother like that is incredible.”

        Addison’s best friends Erik. Borden. wanted to help too, so they had _52_ lemonade stand the next day. Here, Addison decided to sell her _53_ of butterflies, trees and birds for $1, as _54_ as a small cup of lemonade for 25 cents and a big cup for 50 cents.

        “Halfway through the _55_, she came running into the house saying her butterfly pictures were selling like crazy and she has to _56_ more,” Allred said “It was adorable how _57_ she was taking it.”

        Erika’s mom, Mace Petty, _58_ the lemonade stand on Facebook and within minutest, cars were lining up to cash in. “I wanted people to know this wasn’t just your ordinary lemonade stand; these kids a(n) _59_,” Petty sad. “Seeing the kids take part In such a reallife situation can give the rest of the world such great _60_ for humanity.”

41. 

    A. friendship         B. community              

    C.family                 D. income

42. 

    A. badly                 B. temporarily              

    C.firmly                  D. eventually

43. 

    A. sharing              B. planning                  

    C.earning               D. discussing

44. 

    A. cautious             B. concerned                

    C.convincing          D. curious

45. 

    A. reported            B. enjoyed                   

    C.suggested           D. began

46. 

    A. looked                B. walked                    

    C.raised                   D. went

47. 

    A.finished                B. started                     

    C.continued             D. considered

48. 

    A. practice               B. money                     

    C.fun                        D. love

49. 

    A. handed over        B. picked up                

    C.gave away             D. put aside

50. 

    A. acts                       B.plans                       

    C. ideas                     D.tears

51. 

    A. accompany           B. assist                       

    C.advise                    D. attend

52. 

    A. other                     B. others                      

    C.another                  D. the other

53. 

    A. drawings               B. collections                      

    C.designs                   D. patterns

54. 

    A. long                       B.soon                        

    C. far                          D. well

55. 

    A. campaign              B. day                         

    C. trip                        D.course

56. 

    A. order                     B. show                       

    C. make                     D.gain

57. 

    A. seriously                B. casually                   

    C.eagerly                   D. crazily

58. 

    A. sold                        B.exhibited                 

    C. praised                   D. promoted

59. 

    A. experience             B. purpose                   

    C.lesson                      D. burden

60.

    A. hope                      B. reputation                

    C. success                   D.courage

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Face ID, the new face-scanning security camera introduced in the iPhone X, _61_ (work) pretty most of the time. But there’s one place _62_ Apple’s latest tech may be giving you trouble: in bed.

        It is reported that people were having trouble _63_ (unlock) the new smartphone in bed. One iPhone X owner assumed the issue might be a pillow obscuring (遮挡) their face, but it turns out the _64_ (solve) is even simpler.

        The problem isn’t with the position of your face, it’s how you’re holding your iPhone. That’s because Face ID doesn’t work _65_ the camera is too close to you. It needs to be between 10~20 inches away from your face _66_ (get) an accurate scan.

        _67_ Normally that isn’t an issue, since most people hold their phone out in front of them at about that distance, but using your iPhone in bed is _68_ story. This might be a little _69_ (annoy) to get used to, but it’s probably for _70_ best. After all, holding smartphones too close to your face can strain our eyes and cause headaches sometimes.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        As an old saying goes, “Haste makes waste.” Quite often we are very eager to achieve a goal that we don’t spend enough time preparing it properly. As the result, we fail to reach the goal as expected.

        I can easy remember being in this situation several year ago. I had an important test to study for, but I felt spend time with my friends was much more fun. We ended up staying up all night long to cram for the test. The next day, I was very tired and fall asleep during the test. As you can tell, I failed the test. Ever since then, I have been learned that haste leads to waste but even great loss.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节   书面表达(满分25分)

    假如你是李华,最近你所在的城市设立了“汉字书写日”。你的美国笔友John对此很感兴趣,写信向你询问。请根据以下要点给他回一封信。内容包括:

    1设立原因:人们提笔忘字,写汉字机会减少;

    2日期:9月28日,孔子(Confucius)诞辰;

    3活动:书法(calligraphy)竞赛及展览等。

注意:

    1词数100左右;

    2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear John,

        I’m writing to tell you something about it Chinese Character Writing Day in our city. ____________________________________________________________________________________________

        You are welcome to join US.

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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