• 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (江苏卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. Never lie to your friends and, you know, honesty and trust are the ______ of true friendship.

Adistinction

Bacquisition

Cfoundation

Dfunction

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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9. —Mum, my mobile phone is nowhere to be found.

—______ it in the locker room of the gym?

AMay you leave

BCan you have left

CCould you leave

DMust you have left

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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8. —The pain and suffering caused by the war seventy years ago is the old woman’s ______ memory.

—Yes, she often tells us about that disaster.

Apoor

Bcurrent

Cvague

Dpermanent

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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7. Now students have more time for self study ______ teachers talk less in class.

Ain that

Bin case

Ceven if

Dso that

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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6. Don’t worry. When he kept silent, Mr White ______ his approval for our plan.

Awould show

Bis showing

Cwas showing

Dhas shown

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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5. Digital teaching has ______ our way of learning and excited us to focus in class.

Aguaranteed

Btransformed

Cevaluated

Drevealed

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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4. —What did David demand in the meeting just now?

—______ a chance to join the Debating Club.

ABeing offered

BHaving been offered

CTo be offered

DTo have been offered

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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3. We came to the point at the last moment ______ the coach had laid stress on.

Awhere

Bthat

Cwhen

Das

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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2. Jane laughs loudly and laughs a lot, which enables us to know her coming before she ______.

Aturns up

Bturns around

Cturns back

Dturns away

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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15. —Do you mind if I open the window?

—No, ______.

Alook out

Bforget it

Cgo ahead

Dtake it easy

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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14. My parents are talking about their school days as if they ______ back at school.

Aare

Bwere

Chave been

Dhad been

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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13. ______ a girl put her card into a machine outside a bank in London on January 19, 1968 means the world’s first ATM was born.

AWhether

BWhen

CHow

DThat

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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12. _____, the environment of our city has been greatly improved.

APaid attention to

BBeing paid attention to

CPaying attention

DHaving paid attention

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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11. Simon ______ his father for such a long time that he understands almost every gesture of his father’s.

Aattends

Bhad attended

Cwould attend

Dhas attended

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
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10. I like that bookstore because whenever I buy a book there, they will offer me a book cover ______.

Afor good measure

Bat any cost

Cbeyond my reach

Don their own

分值: 1分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共85分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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18.请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Creativity is generally characterised by the ability to observe the world in new ways, to find hidden patterns, to make connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena, and to produce solutions. Creativity involves two processes: thinking, then producing. If you have ideas, but don’t act on them, you are imaginative but not creative.

  Some people say creativity has nothing to do with innovation—that innovation is a discipline, implying that creativity is not. In fact, creativity is also a discipline, and a crucial part of the innovation equation. There is no innovation without creativity.

  A study on creativity shows 8 in 10 people feel that unlocking creativity is critical to economic growth and nearly two-thirds of people feel creativity is valuable to society, yet a striking minority – only 1 in 4 people – believe they are living up to their own creative potential.

  Another study reveals that we are naturally creative and as we grow up we learn to be uncreative.

  Creativity is a skill that can be developed and a process that can be managed. Creativity begins with a basis of knowledge, learning a discipline, and mastering a way of thinking. You learn to be creative by experimenting, exploring, questioning assumptions, using imagination and synthesing (综合) information. Learning to be creative is similar to learning a sport. It requires practice to develop the right muscles.

  Beliefs that only special, talented people are creative weaken our confidence in our creative abilities. The concept that geniuses (天才) such as Shakespeare, Picasso and Mozart were “gifted” is a myth (神话). Researchers examined outstanding performances in the arts, mathematics and sports, to find out if “the widespread belief that to reach high levels of ability a person must possess a born potential called talent.” Few showed early signs of promise prior to parental encouragement. No one reached high levels of achievement in their field without devoting thousands of hours of serious training. Mozart trained for 16 years before he produced an acknowledged master work. Moreover many high performers achieve levels of excellence today that match the abilities of a Mozart, or a Gold Medallist from the turn of the century.

(1)Real creative people must be good at ______.

A. relating various things to each other

B. using their heads whenever possible[来源:Zxxk.Com]

C. looking at things from different angles

D. putting what they think of into practice

(2) Why does the writer refer to learning a sport?

A. To claim that people are not born creative.

B. To illustrate the difficulty of acquiring creativity.

C. To prove that creativity begins with knowledge.

D. To show the relation between creativity and sports.

(3) A conclusion can be drawn from the passage that ______.

A. creative people are equal to gifted people

B. how hard you work decides if you will succeed

C. talent is not as important to creative people as confidence

D. parental encouragement plays a key role in developing creativity

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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17.请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Mr. Peabody & Sherman

  This CGI feature inspired by the classic 1960s cartoon retains (保留) the surface but not the soul of the original. It’s possible that some children may find things to like about the movie. The animated feature has even more than the recommended daily allowance of scatological humor and B.O. jokes for the average 8-year-old. Anyone much older than that is in for a big disappointment.

Child’s Pose

  In the movie world, most national new waves don’t last long. An exception is the Romanian renaissance, which has featured first-class movies now for more than a decade. The latest is “Child’s Pose”, an improper title for a marvelous movie. It’s surprising that the Romanian film, starring Luminita Gheorghiu, missed the cut for an Oscar nomination (提名).

Winter’s Tale

  Fairy tales are not only for children and “Winter’s Tale”, the film adaptation of a best-selling book, aims to attract even middle-aged adults into believing in the magic of everlasting love and the power of miracles. This is a movie that is many things—a great work of hubris (傲慢), a misguided attempt at filmmaking, unbelievably boring—and yet it is nothing.

300: Rise of an Empire

  One of the challenges of sequels (续集) is that they often wind up being too little, too late; following up 2006’s “300” some years after the fact, “300: Rise of an Empire” actually offers too much, too late. Within the first minutes of the film, as Leana Headey’s Queen Gorgo gives explanation in a clipped voice, we get to see cruel killings.

(1)What can we infer from the above about the movies mentioned?

A. Mr. Peabody & Sherman reflects the feature of the novel completely.

B. Child’s Pose is worse than other Romanian films made in the past decade.

C. Winter’s Tale is not considered by the writer as interesting as its original.

D. 300: Rise of an Empire succeeds in avoiding common drawbacks of sequels.

(2)The above writing is probably carried in the column “______”.

A. What’s on

B. Brief review

C. New movies

D. Recommended movies

分值: 4分 查看题目解析 >
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36.请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Middle school students today may behave surprisingly. Are you often(1)of them?

  My daughter (12 years old, 7th grade) is on the cross-country team at her middle school. As with any(2), the cross-country team has its “stars” as well as its less (3)athletes. Ethan, Michael (8th grade) and Kenji (7th grade) are the(4)runners for the boys. Yesterday was the first track meet of the season, and when she got home, my daughter told me a story that made me(5).

  According to my daughter, one of the new 6th graders is a boy named Albert. He is apparently “a little short and (6)” and has never played any7races before. The 6th graders ran last, three laps (圈) around the school. (8)in the race, Albert was dead last. All of the other racers were(9)  the race when he was just at the end of his second lap. Albert thought he was (10) near the end. But quickly the poor kid realized that he had another whole lap left to run. He broke down and started (11).

  When Ethan, Michael, and Kenji saw Albert in a (12) mood in the middle of the field, they didn’t even   (13). All three of them immediately went out on the field to run Albert’s last lap   (14) him. Everyone knew that was  (15)   the rules in cross country, yet they all remained   (16)  . Both other teams hung around and waited for Albert to finish. When he managed to   (17)  the finish line, all three schools cheered for him.

  After my daughter told me this sweet story I said, “I hope Albert doesn’t   (18)  the team after this.” She replied, “No! He’ll get better, he just needs some   (19) .”

  And that is why I   (20)  middle school children.

(1) A. tired            B. proud                C. ashamed            D. nervous

(2) A. recreation        B. competition            C. sport              D. course

(3) A. gifted            B. committed            C. ambitious          D. confident

(4) A. energetic        B. clumsy            C. top                D. lazy  

(5) A. moved            B. relaxed            C. confused            D. embarrassed

(6) A. athletic            B. outgoing           C. earnest              D. stout

(7)A. ignored         B. organized            C. sponsored            D. approved

(8) A. Early            B. Finally             C. Exactly            D. Surprisingly

(9)A. undergoing        B. enjoying            C. continuing             D. finishing

(10) A. even           B. also                C. merely                D. hardly

(11)A. rushing            B. complaining        C. hesitating           D. crying

(12) A. black            B. relaxed            C. strange            D. cheerful

(13)A. rest            B. pause                 C. confirm            D. arrange

(14) A. for                B. behind                C. with                D. past

(15) A. within            B. outside            C. under                D. against

(16) A. guilty            B. blank                C. silent                D. worried

(17)A. approach        B. touch                C. break                D. cross

(18) A. join            B. hate                C. quit                D. pick

(19) A. help              B. strength            C. confidence            D. challenge

(20)A. award            B. love                C. teach                D. support

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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19.请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Everyone is familiar with white fat, which serves as an energy warehouse. Many mammals also have brown fat, which has the unique ability to produce heat.

  Brown fat is sometimes mistaken for a type of gland (腺), which it resembles more than white fat. It varies in color from dark red to tan. When the animal is exposed to a cold environment, the color darkens. In contrast to white fat, brown fat has numerous nerves which provide sympathetic stimulation (刺激) to the fat cells.

  Brown fat is most noticeable in newborn animals, wrapped round the central organs to keep them warm. In human infants it occupies up to 5% of body weight, then declines gradually. Certain quantities of brown fat can be discovered in adult humans, especially when they are exposed to cold temperatures. Most of brown fat in adults is located in the lower neck.

  Exposure to cold leads to sympathetic stimulation of brown fat cell. As in white fat, sympathetic stimulation promotes hydrolysis (水解) of triglyceride (甘油三酸脂), with release of fatty acids. In contrast to other cells, including white fat cells, brown fat cells express UCP1, which gives the cell’s mitochondria (线粒体) an ability to produce heat rather than ATP. Within brown fat cells, most fatty acids are immediately combined with oxygen in mitochondria and a large amount of heat is produced.

  There is only about 50g of brown fat in the neck region and it switches on and off throughout the day as it’s exposed to different temperatures or if you exercise or eat. But this capacity is much greater in young children compared with adolescents and adults.

  The challenge is now to use the knowledge to find out what might switch on brown fat. If it is switched on, we can benefit from it. Brown fat produces lots of heat by burning calories. Unlike white fat, brown fat does not expand our ageing waistlines. And that’s why the race is on to find out more about brown fat, and how humans could use it to our advantage, though we would waste energy unnecessarily, and we would sweat a lot and forever be opening windows.

(1) Which is the unique factor of brown fat producing heat?

A. Fatty acids.                                

B. Triglyceride.

C. UCP1.                                    

D. ATP.

(2) We can learn from the passage that brown fat ______.

A. becomes less in amount with age

B. proves less active in low temperatures

C. exists nowhere but in the lower neck

D. has nothing in common with white fat

(3) The underlined word “infants” in Paragraph 3 means “______”.

A. cells                

B. organs                

C. bodies                

D. babies

(4) We take special interest in brown fat mainly because it helps us ______.

A. save energy                                 

B. develop power

C. keep warm                                

D. keep our figure

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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20.请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  I do not know Sybrina Fulton. Nor can I claim to understand the depth of her pain. Yet, we share a deep connection. A common feature experienced by those women who face the challenge of raising a Black male child in a nation that far too often views Black male bodies through fear. You see, Ms. Fulton is living my nightmare (恶梦). A constant worry that has stayed in the back of my mind since the birth of my eldest son, some sixteen years ago.

  Through the years, I have witnessed the world’s reaction to my son evolve as he has grown from a small boy to a young man. In his early years, his easy smile and lovable character were nothing less than magnetic (有磁性的). Complete strangers would approach him in the street, draw him into conversation, and find themselves easily struck by his lively spirit. Even at that time I worried, how would my son react when in the years to come some of those who found themselves so impressed by this cute, intelligent boy, might grasp their purse tighter as he walked by.

  Over the years I have sought to protect his spirit from the hurt that comes from undeserved hatred. I have also sought to arm him with the knowledge that could one day save his life. He knows, for example, that if he is ever pulled over by the police, that he is to keep both hands on the wheel at all times and only reach for his license when the officer is specifically observing his actions. He knows, even in less threatening situations, that rough play and loud interactions with his buddies of any color will be viewed very differently when he does it, than when his white friends display the very same behavior. Still, the truth of the matter is, no amount of advice or voiceless behavior overcomes the physical, immovable fact of the color of his skin. His intelligence, easy smile, and lovable character won’t protect him from unfounded assumptions of criminality.

  What makes the Trayvon Martin travesty (歪曲) of justice so painful to me, personally, is the knowledge that Trayvon’s mother loved her baby no less than I love mine. The various pictures of moments throughout a happy childhood that have now found a home on nationwide newscasts provides clear evidence of that. Yet no amount of love and care, and no words of advice could have saved her son from the cruel killing he faced at the hands of a self-appointed neighborhood watch-dog. And perhaps even worse, nothing could have prepared her for the inhuman way her son has been treated by officials even in death. To think for three long days, his parents searched for him while officials failed to inform them of his fate and instead, performed drug and alcohol tests on his lifeless body, while failing to do the same for his attacker—the only one of the two who indeed had a criminal past is frankly, unforgivable. To know that the words of her son’s killer were given more weight than eye-witnesses and taped evidence of her child’s screams and eventual death must be heartbreaking. But to also have to live with the fact that his attacker still breathes free while her son lays buried underground is certainly more than any sorrowful parent should have to endure (忍受).

  It is this type of pain that is not unfamiliar to the Black experience in America, for this is the Black mothers’ burden. A burden we have endured for centuries. We know the pain of having our newborn babies grabbed from our loving arms to be sold into lifelong servitude (奴役) and to never again experience the warmth of a mother’s loving hug. Yet, there is still the rightful expectation, that in modern-day America, the wheels of justice would not be stopped.

  So today, it is my hope that Trayvon’s mother, father, family and friends can take some comfort in the fact that millions of Americans of every color stand with them in their fight for justice. This is a burden no family should have to endure alone.

We will not give up.

We will not forget.

We will continue the fight until justice is done.

(1)What do you know about Sybrina Fulton?

A. She was anxious about her son.

B. She was painful to lose her son.

C. She had trouble in raising her son.

D. She had the same dream as the writer.

(2)Who does the writer actually refer to when mentioning “grasp their purse tighter”?

A. Passers-by.            

B. White people.        

C. Teenagers.             

D. Wealthy people.

(3)By “keep both hands on the wheel at all times”, the writer means her son should ______.

A. get ready to resist                     

B. remain where he is

C. show his innocence                     

D. pretend to be scared

(4) From the story of Trayvon Martin, we can infer that ______.

A. he was killed simply because of his color of skin

B. he was accused of taking drug even after his death

C. he kept silent even when he was being attacked

D. the police failed to find strong evidence against the attacker

(5) The article is mainly intended to ______.

A. draw attention to the facts about killings

B. give comfort to the victims’ families

C. appeal for the end to the terrible situation

D. display hatred for terrible phenomena

(6) Which can be the proper title for the passage?

A. The cruel killings

B. The daily sufferings

C. The black son’s fate

D. The black mother’s burden

分值: 12分 查看题目解析 >
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21.请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。

  Ambition is the driving force behind every great accomplishment yet, on the other hand, it’s a constant voice urging you to do more. When ambition bothers you, it feels like no matter how much you accomplish or how hard you work, you haven’t done enough. This kind of fear always stays hidden in you. You fear not because you are unsuccessful but because you are unsatisfied with yourself. If you can’t control ambition, your mind becomes painful. Then how can you manage your ambition? Here are some suggestions for you.

  ● Each year most of us set goals. Most of us also file away those goals until the clock strikes midnight 12 months later. But goals, not unlike objectives that are set by a board (董事会) in a business, are unfixed things. What’s a priority in January seems laughable in December. So hold your personal board meeting each quarter. During this meeting, review your goals, analyze your performance over the period, find what you wish to accomplish and what can wait and then make necessary adjustments to your goals. Breaking yearly goals into quarters allows you to appreciate the progress you’ve made. Day by day it can be hard to miss all the great stuff you’ve been doing.

  ● It’s tough not to get caught up in the success of others. Almost daily, “overnight successes” fill the webs, often with people much younger than you. If this is the benchmark (参照点) that you compare yourself to, it’s tough to feel like you’re doing enough. In reality, with this benchmark, it’s impossible to do enough. When you’re chasing others, you’re chasing a finish line that’s always developing and never ending. Remember, the success of others is not your roadmap or path to happiness.

  ● Complacency (自满) sounds like a bad word, but not if it’s selective. The reality is that certain things take time, regardless of how much you’d like them to move quicker. Other things can move with your help. Seeing the difference between the two is where selective complacency comes into play. Every now and again, you’ll need to select complacency. Some things take patience so you have to focus on the things that need your attention without the distraction of what’s to come.

  Every single person you admire struggles with managing their ambition. We all face feelings of mediocrity (平庸), not doing enough, not making enough, not winning enough. So the mental side of our career is extremely challenging. It reveals that ambition means power, but only if you know how to use it.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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22. 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

  Don’t worry if you have problems! If you’re breathing, you have difficulties. It’s the way of life. And believe it or not, most of your problems may actually be good for you!

  The lagoon (环礁湖) side of the Great Barrier Reef looks pale and lifeless, while the ocean side is lively and colorful. The reason is that the coral (珊瑚) around the lagoon side is in still water, with no challenge for its survival. It dies early. The coral on the ocean side is constantly being tested by wind, waves and storms. It has to fight for survival every day of its life. As it is challenged and tested it changes and adapts. It grows healthy. It grows strong. And it reproduces.

  That’s how it is with people. Challenged and tested, we come alive! Like coral struck by the waves, we grow. Physical demands can cause us to grow stronger. Mental and emotional stress can produce strength and patience. Spiritual testing can produce strength of character and faithfulness.

  So, you have problems—no problem! Just tell yourself, “There I grow again!”

[写作内容]

1. 用约30个单词写出上文概要;

2. 用约120个单词发表你的观点,内容包括:

(1)你在生活中遇到的2-3个问题;

(2)就如何对待或解决你的问题,谈谈你的理解和想法。

[写作要求]

1. 发表观点时必须提供理由或论据;

2. 阐述观点或叙述经历时,不能直接引用原文语句;

3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

4. 不必写标题。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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