• 英语 滁州市2017年高三第二次月考
简答题(综合题) 本大题共45分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Weekend Miracles

Weekend Miracles give children aged 9 and older in the Children’s Center the opportunity to visit a host family who partners the child to find the child a permanent family. The host family arranges activities that the child will enjoy and introduces the child to their circle of friends—in order to develop a lasting connection with someone.

Organization: Kidsave International Location: the United States

Duration: 2 days to 6 weeks

Web Designer Needed

We need the skills of a Web designer to help us redesign our website. The project will be fun and fulfilling, and give much needed visibility (能见性) to our grass-roots projects that are serving children and mothers in every corner of the world.

Organization: Children’s Fund Location: the United States

Duration: 3 weeks to 2 months

Living Miracles

Doctors and dentists are needed as volunteers at Shechen Medical Clinic in Nepal for two months or longer. In Tibet, we need doctors for only 1-2 months. Dentists can come for one month or longer. Please understand that modern conveniences are not available here.

Organization: Dilgo Khyentse Fellowship Location: Nepal

Duration: 21 days to 6 years

Teaching English to Children in India

The Salus Foundation, Inc. needs help from volunteers, teachers, college students or recent college graduates trained in ESL, or who are willing to be trained in ESL to teach English to the students at the Sulaxim School.

Organization: The Salus Foundation, Inc. Location: India

Duration: 6 weeks to 9 months

Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Cameroon

In Defense of Animals in Africa needs help from highly motivated, mature volunteers who care about the conservation of great apes and are willing to live in an isolated, challenging, French-speaking environment for six months to benefit our future generation.

Organization: In Defense of Animals in Africa Location: Cameroon

Duration: 6 months

1. Which of the following fields is NOT mentioned in the passage?( )

AHealth

BEducation

CPolitics

DWildlife conservation

2. Which of the following is suitable for John, an American college student, who wants to learn about the lives of children in other countries? ( )

AWeekend Miracles

BChimpanzee Sanctuary in Cameroon

CWeb Designer Needed

DTeaching English to Children in India

3. The purpose of Weekend Miracles is mainly to help children ( )

Aenlarge their circle of friends

Blearn more about the outside world

Cfind a family who is willing to raise them

Dget chances to communicate with other children

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

Movie Extras

“Would you mind lying in a coffin (棺材)? Would you shave your head? Are you willing to take out your false teeth?”

These are just a few of the questions Anne Marie Stewart and her staff sometimes ask the "talent" who serve as non-speaking "extras" in special films, television series, and made-for-TV movies produced in Toronto.

Of course, the majority of extra calls are for more ordinary people, and Stewart has a list of about 650 registered extras. Crowd scenes, which are common, call for everyday people of all ages, ethnic backgrounds, and sizes.

Over at Movie People, last-minute requests are not unusual. "We got a request once for an entire brass band of 30 people. They wanted it within the hour," said manager Yvonne McCartney. Another time, the company got a last-minute request for a newborn baby. "We found a baby that was three weeks premature," said Jonathan Aiken, an owner of the company.

Then there was the worried call from a casting director whose "Star" got doggone stubborn one day and decided to just lie down and not work. The director needed a replacement dog, fast. "We got them two in one hour." said Aiken. "It was a matter of good connections and fast phone work." The eight phone lines needed to make 350 to 400 calls a day are one of Movie People's major expenses.

Phone lines are the only way to stay in touch with casting directors and extras; but the latter are a group not necessarily interested in a long-term relationship. Most extra jobs pay only $7 an hour (with a six-hour minimum), while most agencies charge an annual $75 registration fee and get 10 to 15 per cent of extras’ earnings. It's no wonder that the turnover rate is fairly high.

Some people who are between jobs do extra work as a temporary measure, said McCartney. But professionals, such as lawyers, also do the work because it's interesting. Others with flexible jobs have a desire to do something different. Some homemakers want to get out of the house and onto a movie set. Money's not the motivating reason.

"One of the first things I say to people who walk in and ask about being an extra is, ‘You have to be available,' "said a person at Karen Clifton Agency. Inc. "The next thing I say is, 'You can't make a living at this.' ”

4. What kind of people are movie extras? ( )

ATV series makers.

BCasting directors.

CNon-professional movie actors.

DAgents for movie stars.

5. According to the passage, movie extras should ( )

Ahave special talents

Bhave a flexible schedule

Cmake good connections

Dmake hundreds of phone calls daily

6. Why do white collar workers most probably like to be movie extras? ( )

AThey want to make more money.

BThey want to start a career in acting.

CThey think their regular job is boring.

DThey think being on the stage is enjoyable.

7. The underlined word “turnover” in the sixth paragraph probably means( )

Abusiness profit

Bthe loss of staff

Cmarket demand

Doperation expenses

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Given that many people's moods (情绪)are regulated by the chemical action of chocolate, it was probably only a matter of time before somebody made the chocolate shop similar to a drugstore of Chinese medicine. Looking like a setting from the film Charlie& the Chocolate Factory, Singapore's Chocolate Research Facility (CRF) has over 100 varieties of chocolates. Its founder is Chris Lee who grew up at his parents' comer store with one hand almost always in the jar of sweets.

If the CRF seems to be a smart idea, that's because Lee is not merely a seasoned salesperson but also head of a marketing department that has business relations with big names such as Levi's and Sony. That idea surely results in the imagination at work when it comes to making different flavored(味道)chocolates.

The CRF's produce is "green", made within the country and divided into 10 lines, with the Alcohol Series being the most popular. The Exotic Series一with Sichuan pepper, red bean .cheese and other flavors一also does well and is fun to taste. And for chocolate snobs,who think that they have a better knowledge of chocolate than others, the Connoisseur Series uses cocoa beans from Togo, Cuba, Venezuela , and Ghana, among others.

8. What is good about chocolate? ( )

AIt serves as a suitable gift.

BIt helps improve the state of mind.

CIt works as an effective medicine.

DIt strengthens business relations.

9. Why is Chris Lee able to develop his idea of the CRF? ( )

AHe knows the importance of research.

BHe learns form shops of similar types.

CHe has a lot of marketing experience.

DHe has the support of many big names

10. Which line of the CRF produce sells best? ( )

AThe Connoisseur Series.

BThe Exotic Series.

CThe Sichuan Series.

DThe Alcohol Series.

11. The words "chocolate snobs" in Paragraph 3 probably refer to people who ( )

Aare particular about chocolate

Bknow little about cocoa beans

Clook down upon others

Dlike to try new flavors

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

The Republic of Vanuatu is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. It was one of the poorest nations in the region. Within the last five years, however, it has become a hot spot for adventure travelers. In 2006 it was voted the happiest place on Earth. The reason is not that Vanuatu are the richest but that Vanuatu has white-sand islands, clear waters, the world’s most accessible live volcano, great diving and food that grows faster than it can be picked.

With a population of about 221,000, Vanuatu has 113 languages, which is a result of 3,000 years of immigration from many Pacific countries. There are three official languages: English, French, and Bislama. Bislama developed from South Pacific English, a simplified language that traders and other foreigners used it to communicate with speakers of the many local languages.

Most of the islands are mountainous and of volcanic origin. There are several active volcanoes in Vanuatu, including Yasur on the island of Tanna, one of the world’s most accessible volcanoes. If you’ve ever fancied getting close to a volcano, here’s your chance.

Vanuatu Post’s Underwater Post Office has quickly become one of the busiest post offices for postcards in the world! Visitors from around the world want to experience the world’s first underwater post office. The Post Office is only 50 meters offshore and at just three meters below the surface, very appealing to the young and young at heart. Since opening in 2003, the underwater post office has received about 100,000 visitors. They have posted one of the waterproof postcards available in Vanuatu; these cards are collected regularly by one of Vanuatu Post’s four trained divers. The underwater branch is manned daily for usually about an hour, longer with demand.

12. Vanuatu was voted the happiest place on Earth because ( )

Ait’s the poorest nation in the region

Bit’s Vanuatu that are the richest

Cit’s a favorite place for adventurers

Dit’s blessed with abundant nature

13. From the text, _______ led to over one hundred languages spoken in Vanuatu. ( )

Aimmigration

Blocation

Cdialects

Dforeigners

14. Which of the following is true about Vanuatu? ( )

ABislama developed from local Pacific French.

BYasur is one of the live volcanoes in Vanuatu.

CVanuatu has more than 113 official languages.

DUnderwater Post Office has opened for 5 years.

15. Which of the following would be the most proper title for the text? ( )

AWorking at the underwater branch

BGreat diving in amazing Vanuatu

CA hot spot for adventure travelers

DThe busiest post office on Earth

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

By “luxury(奢侈品)”, we mean "a pleasant and often expensive thing that is not necessary". From a historical point of view, things which were a luxury when they first came into being all became necessities later.

Anything, no matter _____ _ ____luxurious it is, will become a necessity, when it is widely used. This is true of many of the present luxuries, among which mobile phones, cars, computers and many other things______ _ _____(include). It is known to all that the purpose of the development of science is _____ _ ______ (make) things easy for the mankind, not for only____ _ ____small number of people. _____ _ ______, the first thing to do after a new invention occurs is to spread it so as to benefit ______ _ ____ many people as possible. In the course of the spread, the luxury becomes decreasingly luxurious until ____ _ _____the end it becomes a necessity. This is an objective law, and nothing can be an _____ _ ______(except).

With the quick____ _ ____ (develop) of science and technology, the process for many things to become a necessity from a luxury will be greatly shortened. Anything that can be imagined will be invented and in no time becomes a necessity _____ _ __ (access) to ordinary people.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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You may have grown up living with sisters and brothers, or this may be your first time sharing your living space with someone else. _ However, it can also be a great part of your college experience. Follow these tips to make sure you and your roommate keep things pleasant and supportive throughout the year.

Be clear from the beginning.

Maybe you hate it when someone interrupts you when you are sleeping every morning. Maybe you need ten minutes to yourself before talking to anyone after you wake up. _ It's not fair to expect him or her to pick up on them right away, and communicating what you need is one of the best ways to get rid of problems before they become problems. _ This may seem simple, but it's probably one of the biggest reasons why roommates experience conflicts. Don't you think he'll mind if you borrow his shoes for a quick soccer game? For all you know, you just stepped over an uncrossable line. Don't borrow, use, or take anything without getting permission first.

Be open to change.

You should expect to learn and grow and change during your time at school. _ As the term progresses, realize things will change for both of you. Be comfortable addressing things that unexpectedly come up, setting new rules, and being flexible to your changing environment.

Follow the Golden Rule.

_ No matter what your relationship is at the end of the year, you can take comfort knowing you acted like an adult and treated your roommate with respect.

ARespect your roommate's things.

BLet your roommate know about your preferences.

CTreat your roommate like you'd like to be treated.

DLiving with a roommate is really a wonderful thing.

EHaving a roommate surely has its challenges.

FYou should correct your bad habits first.

GAnd the same should happen to your roommate, if all goes well.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

The Beginning of Drama

There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the _ that drama evolved from ritual( 宗教仪式). The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings _ the natural forces of the world—even the seasonal changes—as unpredictable, and they sought through various means to _ these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to _ the desired results were then kept and repeated until they changed into _ rituals. _ stories arose which explained or masked the mysteries of the rituals. As times passed, some rituals were _ , but the stories, later called myths, continued to exist and provided material for art and drama.

Those who believed that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rituals contained the _ of theater because music, dance, masks, and _ were almost always used. _ , a suitable site had to be provided for performances and _ the entire community did not participate , a(n) _ division was usually made between the “ area of acting “ and the “ area in which an audience sits ”. Besides, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was _ to avoiding mistakes in the practice of rituals, religious leaders usually _ that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often imitated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed (用哑剧表演出) the _ effect—success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun— _ an actor might. Eventually such dramatic representatives were separated from _ activities.

Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in _ . According to this view , tales about the hunt , war or other things are told and gradually spread. _ through the use of action and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily gymnastic or that are _ of animal movements and sounds.

21.

Abackground

Bassumption

Cevidence

Dtheory

22.

Aviewed

Bemployed

Cimagined

Ddismissed

23.

Atake

Bpossess

Cguarantee

Dcontrol

24.

Astart

Bshow

Cbring

Dcontinue

25.

Ausual

Bdirect

Cconvincing

Dfixed

26.

AApparently

BActually

CEventually

DNaturally

27.

Aspread

Babandoned

Cfollowed

Dcelebrated

28.

Aseed

Bcontent

Cmyth

Dhistory

29.

Acostumes

Broutines

Cinstructions

Dperformances

30.

AAs a result

BIn fact

COn the contrary

DIn addition

31.

Awhen

Balthough

Cunless

Dwhile

32.

Adeep

Bequal

Cclear

Dextra

33.

Aattached

Brelated

Ccommitted

Dtied

34.

Aput up

Btook up

Ctook on

Dput on

35.

Aunexpected

Bunpredicted

Cprepared

Ddesired

36.

Awhenever

Bas

Cwhatever

Dso

37.

Asocial

Bpolitical

Ceconomic

Dreligious

38.

Aaccounts

Bstory-telling

Cdescriptions

Ddrama-writing

39.

Aat that time

Bat a time

Cat first

Dat once

40.

Aimitations

Bcreatures

Cpresentations

Dexhibitions

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题10分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

51.短文改错

Nearly five years before ,and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden. Since then---for all these year---we had been allowing tomatoes to self seed where they please . As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors .Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problem. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost!

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52.

Dear Mr. Hans,

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                 Yours

                                                                 Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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