• 英语 合肥市2017年高三第一次月考
简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

(A)

What is Friendship Force International? Friendship Force International provides opportunities to explore new countries and cultures from the inside by bringing people together at the personal level. Through the signature program of home hospitality, local hosts welcome international visitors into their culture, sharing with them meals, conversation, and the best sights and experiences of their region.

In a typical Friendship Force program, a local club prepares a series of cultural activities, inviting members from clubs in other countries to come and stay with them in their homes for up to a week.

There are many ways to explore the world through Friendship Force. For example, you may:

—Join a group making a cultural exploration of another country or of another region of your own country.

—Bring the world to your doorstep by hosting international visitors in your home.

—Join a cultural travel program formed around common interests such as gardening, hiking, wine and many others.

—Get involved with a Friendship Force club in your city, or organize one yourself.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,本文主要介绍了Friendship Force International所提供的服务。该组织下的俱乐部每年都会组织不同国家的会员互访,以使人们了解不同地域的社会和风土人情。

21. According to the passage above, Friendship Force International will help you    .

Aknow more about the life of the people living in ancient times

Bhave a better knowledge of new countries and cultures

Cbook cheap air tickets and choose hotels online

Dlive and work for a short period of time in other countries

22. In a typical Friendship Force program, visitors will probably live    .

Aon campus

Bin hotels

Cin local hosts’ homes

Don the doorstep

23. The aim of this passage is to    .

Aargue about the future of Friendship Force

Bexplain the reasons for setting up Friendship Force

Cintroduce the history of Friendship Force

Dattract people to take part in Friendship Force programs

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

(B)

While studying social insect behavior, researchers from the Agricultural University of Krakow, Poland, discovered a remarkable example of self-sacrifice in a species of ants found in Brazil. They found that the ants sacrifice themselves in order to avoid a possible threat.

When the sun sets, the ants seal up the entrance to their nest, but in doing so a few remain outside to kick sand over the entrance hole until it becomes invisible. These ants then die due to the cold, or get blown away in the wind. This door-sealing activity of these ants represents the first recorded case of insects sacrificing themselves through a preventive procedure. The ants sacrifice their lives every evening even if the nest isn’t under attack by enemies. The task takes about 50 minutes and the technique the ants use to kick sand backward over the hole with their hind legs is unique to the chore, strengthening the evidence that this is a premeditated activity instead of casual action. Once their task is completed, they usually quickly walk away.

In order to learn of the fate of these ants, the researchers placed sheets of thin plywood (胶合板) containing false openings over some real nest entrances. The ants carried on working until they had finished and were then left to wait for the dangers of the night. The researchers found that out of 23 ants working at night, only six survived until morning. The bodies of 10 were recovered, and the other seven were missing, most likely blown away and probably dead. The researchers said that the ants are probably older workers approaching death who are more unimportant than their younger nest mates.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,研究人员发现,巴西有一种蚂蚁富有牺牲精神,在其他蚂蚁进了蚁穴之后,一部分蚂蚁在洞外用沙封住洞口,以保护洞内伙伴的安全,自己却冒看被冻死或被风刮走的危险。

24. This passage is mainly about    .

Athe unselfish behavior of Brazilian ants

Bhow Brazilian ants find their way

Cwhen Brazilian ants sacrifice themselves

Dthe partnership of the Brazilian ants

25. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

AThe nightly entrance-closing activity of the ants lasts no more than half an hour.

BFor the first time insects are seen sacrificing themselves even when there’s no direct threat.

CThe ants participating in the door-sealing activity are believed to be young and healthy.

DThe ants stuck outside stand a good chance of surviving the dangers of the night

26. The sheets of plywood are used to    .

Asave the lives of the ants left out in the cold

Bstore the bodies of the self-sacrificing ants

Cknow what will happen to the ants remaining outside

Dcover the real nest entrances for protection

27. The underlined word "premeditated" is closest in meaning to "   ".

Aabnormal

Brandom

Cplanned

Dexciting

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

(C)

Music died here last spring, or rather, it was killed by members of the school committee who ignored the importance of music and drama as part of the high school curriculum.

The committee decided that teaching students how to take a standardized test is more important than a curriculum in which students can explore their interests in the arts as well as academics. Because the school system is running out of funding, it needs to make sure that students pass the mastery test or even more money will be lost. If students fail the state standardized test, it is not the fault of drama and music classes .They are failing because the "academic" classes are not sufficient.

It is painful to think of how many students will be discouraged from singing, acting, and playing instruments because school programs are no longer offered. Many families cannot afford private music lessons, and many potential musicians and artists may not find their calling if they are not exposed to it in school. The fact that the school committee thinks the arts are not worth the investment will certainly make some students believe the arts are not worth their time or support and the cycle will continue.

Teaching for a test does not shape students into complete, well-rounded people. It blocks the natural sense to create and express feelings through art - there is more to life than the analytical thinking that math and English provide. What happens after a test? Sure, a student might graduate, but they will have limited knowledge - certainly not a good preparation for the real world.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,讲述了因为经费的问题,有些学校取消了音乐课程,引起了人们的讨论。

28. What does the underlined part mean in the second paragraph?

ANot proper

BToo many

CToo boring

DNot enough

29. It can be learned that the art can _______.

Amotivate students in creativity and expression

Bmake students round-shaped people in future

Cprovide students with analytical thinking

Dprevent students graduating from high school

30. In what way dose the author describe the passage?

AExcitedly

B.Bitterly

CHumorously

DMildly

31. What’s the best title for the passage?

ACan the high school curriculum go without music and drama?

BWho killed music and drama

CWhy is music so important?

DHow to prepare for the real world?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

(D)

Nowadays the U.S. Students are sleepy in school because they spend too much time texting, playing video games, watching TV, and using the media in other ways.

“Heavy media use interferes with sleep by reducing sleep duration, making it harder to fall asleep, and lowering sleep quality,” Meilan Zhang, an assistant professor at the University of Texas at El Paso, wrote in her research review in the journal, Sleep Medicine.

But the relationship between youth’s media use and sleep is not so simple, said Michael Gradisar, who authored both that review and the Sleep Medicine meta-analysis“Technology use is the new evidence when we are trying to answer ‘Why are school-age children sleeping less?’” said Mr. Gradisar, an associate professor of psychology at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia.

There may be safe limits to technology use, Mr. Gradisar stated. For instance, recent research results indicate that using a bright screen for an hour before bed or even playing violent video games for less than that will not necessarily interfere with teenagers’ sleep, he wrote.

But longer periods of usage can be harmful to sleep, Mr. Gradisar added. Rather than delaying school start times, he said, the first step should be educating parents about limiting the hours that their children are using technology before bed, and enforcing a consistent bedtime.

Early school start times are also commonly blamed for students’ sleepiness, especially for adolescents. Secondary schools around the nation and the world have been delaying start times, often with positive results.

Mr. Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center hesitated to put blame to any particular factor. But he did think that cost-saving measures to consolidate(合并)bus routes might help explain U.S. students’ sleepiness.

“For those children who board the bus first, they must get up earlier, may end up sleeping on the way to school, and may end up arriving at school sleepy.” he said.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,讲述了很多美国的孩子因为整天花费太多时间在媒体上,而整天困倦的事情。

32. Which of the following may be the best title for the text?

AKids benefit a lot from technology.

BSome tips can help kids sleep well.

CSeveral factors affect kids’ sleep.

DSeveral sleep troubles appear at school.

33. According to Meilan Zhang, __________.

Astudents are good at using the media

Bstudents’ sleep is affected by the media

Cstudents use the media during sleeping

Dstudents suffer from technology badly

34. Which of the following may be the good way to help kids sleep better?

ATheir playing time must be limited.

BTechnology is forbidden at home.

CThey are allowed to go to school early.

DParents should be well educated

35. Who are most likely to be interested in the text?

AThe officials

BThe teachers.

CThe parents..

DThe researchers

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中两项为多余选项。

give students one to two weeks off from school. 36 _

Some families go on vacation, visiting a new state or even a new country. Students can also relax at home, reading books and watching movies.

____37 _ A number of coastal towns put on special musical performances and deals specifically for spring breakers. The Ultra Music Festival on Miami Beach, for instance, started on March 28 this year.

___38 _ Take Japan as an example. Instead of partying, many Japanese students work as interns(实习生)or engage in study related projects during their breaks.

In the UK, students are given a reading week. 39 _

___40 _ Only a few universities, such as Renmin University and Yantai University, offer spring breaks to students. “Spring break in China is meant to push students out of their ivory towers to experience more diversity,” said Qin Jianguo, who works in the student affairs office at Shenzhen University.

A. However, the days off school are not only used for fun

B. What about schools in China?

C. Although classes are paused during this week, students are expected to catch up on their reading assignments.

D. Last year, spring breakers spent about $1 billion in Florida and Texas, said CNN.

E. Some teachers don’t even give assignments, allowing students to simply relax during their breaks.

F. In addition to having fun, volunteering is on many students’ to-do lists

G. A more popular use of the break, however, is a tropical getaway with friends.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇说明文,作者简要的向读者介绍一些国家的春假。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large, tempting(诱人的)apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence. The boy wasn’t much of a fruit-eater, 41 _  a bar of chocolate if given the choice, __42 _   , as they say, the forbidden fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. The more he looked at it, the    43 _    he felt and the more he wanted that apple.

He stood on tiptoe(脚尖), __44 _    as high as he could , but even as his tallest 45 _  he was unable to touch It. He began to  46  up and down , as high as he could, at the  47 _  of each jump stretching his arms to get the apple . Still it remained out of  48 _  .

Not giving up , he though , if only he had something to  49 _  on . His school bag wouldn’t give enough height and he didn’t want to  50 _   the things inside , like his lunch box , pencil case , and  Gameboy . Looking  51 _  , he hoped he might find an old box , a rock , or ,   52 _  luck , even a ladder , but it was a tidy neighborhood and there was nothing he could use .

He had tried everything he could think to do .   53 _   seeing any other choices , he gave up and started to walk   54 _  . At first he felt angry and disappointed thinking about how hungry he had become from his  _55 _  , and how he really wanted that apple . The more he  56 _   like this , the more unhappy he became.

__57 _   ,the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn’t always get what get he wanted .He started to say to himself .,This isn’t    58 _     ,I don’t have the apple and I’m feeling miserable as well. There’s  59 _   more I can do to get the apple that is unchangeable-but we are supposed to be able to  60 _   our feelings. If that’s the case, what can I do to feel better?

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,文章讲述了一个男孩企图得到一个苹果,但最终以失败结束。此后心情的转变:很多东西是无法得到的,这是既定不变的事实,我们无法改变,但我们可以改变心情,难道这不是很好吗?

41.

Apreferring

Breferring

Creceiving

Dallowing

42.

Abut

Bthen

Cso

Dor

43.

Asadder

Bangrier

Chungrier

Dtastier

44.

Aexpanding

Bswinging

Cstretching

Dpulling

45.

Aheight

Blength

Crange

Dstrength

46.

Alook

Bjump

Cwalk

Dglance

47.

Atip

Bstage

Ctop

Dlevel

48.

Ahope

Bhand

Creach

Dsight

49.

Aput

Bstand

Cget

Dhold

50.

Atake

Bshake

Cbreak

Dstrike

51.

Aup

Bforward

Caround

Ddown

52.

Afor

Bwith

Con

Dof

53.

AAfter

BThrough

C.Without

DUpon

54.

Aaway

Bback

Cup

Ddown

55.

Awishes

Befforts

Cbeliefs

Dgoals

56.

Atried

Bimagined

Cthought

Dclaimed

57.

ATherefore

BHowever

CMoreover

DOtherwise

58.

Askilful

Bcheerful

Charmful

Dhelpful

59.

Asomething

Bnothing

Ceverything

Danything

60.

Adescribe

Bexpress

Cforget

Dchange

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Is “sorry” the hardest word? Not for the British Education Secretary Michael Gove,  61 _  has apologized recently to his former French teacher  62 _  his bad behaviors in class. It took him 30 years to express regret. In a letter  63 _  (publish) in a magazine, Mr. Gove says: “It may be too late to say Pm sorry. But, as my mom told me, it’s never too late to set the record straight. ”

Researchers argue that people have too high expectations of the power of saying sorry. Some psychologists say in a study that  64 _ (receive) an apology isn’t as  65 _  (help) as people think. Nevertheless, apologies might be an important social tool as they reaffirm (重新确认)the  66 _  (exist) of rules that need to be observed.

The Education Secretary’s apology might have been accepted by his old teacher but he might get  67 _  (he) into trouble. According to the Daily Mail, Mr. Gove’s mother didn’t know her son was causing trouble at school and she  68 _  (say) :“He would have been punished 69 _ I had known he was being so naughty. ” Later, Gove said: “I can never express my apology to him face to face these days—it just goes through to his answering machine. But when I do 70 _ (eventual) speak to him, I will tell him a good sorry. ”

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,讲述了人们做错了事对别人说声道歉是很难的事情。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上英语老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线(______),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:(1)每处错误及其修改均限一词。

(2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

72.书面表达

假定你是中学生李华。高三将是辛苦忙碌的一年,不管自己还是父母都会很辛苦。每个家长都是望子成龙的,处在这一重要的学习阶段,父母会对你的生活、学习倍加关心。现在请你按照以下内容要点给自己的父母写一封感谢信。

内容要点:

(1)感谢父母这么多年来无微不至的关心;

(2)近段时间自己的学习情况及取得的进步,自己会继续努力,希望父母放心;

(2)高三过后一定多帮父母做家务。

注意:

(1)词数100 左右;

(2)可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯;

(3)信的格式已给出。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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