- 英语 合肥市2017年高三第一次月考
What is Friendship Force International? Friendship Force International provides opportunities to explore new countries and cultures from the inside by bringing people together at the personal level. Through the signature program of home hospitality, local hosts welcome international visitors into their culture, sharing with them meals, conversation, and the best sights and experiences of their region.
In a typical Friendship Force program, a local club prepares a series of cultural activities, inviting members from clubs in other countries to come and stay with them in their homes for up to a week.
There are many ways to explore the world through Friendship Force. For example, you may:
—Join a group making a cultural exploration of another country or of another region of your own country.
—Bring the world to your doorstep by hosting international visitors in your home.
—Join a cultural travel program formed around common interests such as gardening, hiking, wine and many others.
—Get involved with a Friendship Force club in your city, or organize one yourself.
【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文，本文主要介绍了Friendship Force International所提供的服务。该组织下的俱乐部每年都会组织不同国家的会员互访，以使人们了解不同地域的社会和风土人情。
21. According to the passage above, Friendship Force International will help you .
22. In a typical Friendship Force program, visitors will probably live .
23. The aim of this passage is to .
While studying social insect behavior, researchers from the Agricultural University of Krakow, Poland, discovered a remarkable example of self-sacrifice in a species of ants found in Brazil. They found that the ants sacrifice themselves in order to avoid a possible threat.
When the sun sets, the ants seal up the entrance to their nest, but in doing so a few remain outside to kick sand over the entrance hole until it becomes invisible. These ants then die due to the cold, or get blown away in the wind. This door-sealing activity of these ants represents the first recorded case of insects sacrificing themselves through a preventive procedure. The ants sacrifice their lives every evening even if the nest isn’t under attack by enemies. The task takes about 50 minutes and the technique the ants use to kick sand backward over the hole with their hind legs is unique to the chore, strengthening the evidence that this is a premeditated activity instead of casual action. Once their task is completed, they usually quickly walk away.
In order to learn of the fate of these ants, the researchers placed sheets of thin plywood (胶合板) containing false openings over some real nest entrances. The ants carried on working until they had finished and were then left to wait for the dangers of the night. The researchers found that out of 23 ants working at night, only six survived until morning. The bodies of 10 were recovered, and the other seven were missing, most likely blown away and probably dead. The researchers said that the ants are probably older workers approaching death who are more unimportant than their younger nest mates.
24. This passage is mainly about .
25. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
26. The sheets of plywood are used to .
27. The underlined word "premeditated" is closest in meaning to " ".
Music died here last spring, or rather, it was killed by members of the school committee who ignored the importance of music and drama as part of the high school curriculum.
The committee decided that teaching students how to take a standardized test is more important than a curriculum in which students can explore their interests in the arts as well as academics. Because the school system is running out of funding, it needs to make sure that students pass the mastery test or even more money will be lost. If students fail the state standardized test, it is not the fault of drama and music classes .They are failing because the "academic" classes are not sufficient.
It is painful to think of how many students will be discouraged from singing, acting, and playing instruments because school programs are no longer offered. Many families cannot afford private music lessons, and many potential musicians and artists may not find their calling if they are not exposed to it in school. The fact that the school committee thinks the arts are not worth the investment will certainly make some students believe the arts are not worth their time or support and the cycle will continue.
Teaching for a test does not shape students into complete, well-rounded people. It blocks the natural sense to create and express feelings through art - there is more to life than the analytical thinking that math and English provide. What happens after a test? Sure, a student might graduate, but they will have limited knowledge - certainly not a good preparation for the real world.
28. What does the underlined part mean in the second paragraph?
29. It can be learned that the art can _______.
30. In what way dose the author describe the passage?
31. What’s the best title for the passage?
Nowadays the U.S. Students are sleepy in school because they spend too much time texting, playing video games, watching TV, and using the media in other ways.
“Heavy media use interferes with sleep by reducing sleep duration, making it harder to fall asleep, and lowering sleep quality,” Meilan Zhang, an assistant professor at the University of Texas at El Paso, wrote in her research review in the journal, Sleep Medicine.
But the relationship between youth’s media use and sleep is not so simple, said Michael Gradisar, who authored both that review and the Sleep Medicine meta-analysis. “Technology use is the new evidence when we are trying to answer ‘Why are school-age children sleeping less?’” said Mr. Gradisar, an associate professor of psychology at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia.
There may be safe limits to technology use, Mr. Gradisar stated. For instance, recent research results indicate that using a bright screen for an hour before bed or even playing violent video games for less than that will not necessarily interfere with teenagers’ sleep, he wrote.
But longer periods of usage can be harmful to sleep, Mr. Gradisar added. Rather than delaying school start times, he said, the first step should be educating parents about limiting the hours that their children are using technology before bed, and enforcing a consistent bedtime.
Early school start times are also commonly blamed for students’ sleepiness, especially for adolescents. Secondary schools around the nation and the world have been delaying start times, often with positive results.
Mr. Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center hesitated to put blame to any particular factor. But he did think that cost-saving measures to consolidate（合并）bus routes might help explain U.S. students’ sleepiness.
“For those children who board the bus first, they must get up earlier, may end up sleeping on the way to school, and may end up arriving at school sleepy.” he said.
32. Which of the following may be the best title for the text?
33. According to Meilan Zhang, __________.
34. Which of the following may be the good way to help kids sleep better?
35. Who are most likely to be interested in the text?
give students one to two weeks off from school. 36 _
Some families go on vacation, visiting a new state or even a new country. Students can also relax at home, reading books and watching movies.
____37 _ A number of coastal towns put on special musical performances and deals specifically for spring breakers. The Ultra Music Festival on Miami Beach, for instance, started on March 28 this year.
___38 _ Take Japan as an example. Instead of partying, many Japanese students work as interns(实习生)or engage in study related projects during their breaks.
In the UK, students are given a reading week. 39 _
___40 _ Only a few universities, such as Renmin University and Yantai University, offer spring breaks to students. “Spring break in China is meant to push students out of their ivory towers to experience more diversity,” said Qin Jianguo, who works in the student affairs office at Shenzhen University.
A. However, the days off school are not only used for fun
B. What about schools in China?
C. Although classes are paused during this week, students are expected to catch up on their reading assignments.
D. Last year, spring breakers spent about $1 billion in Florida and Texas, said CNN.
E. Some teachers don’t even give assignments, allowing students to simply relax during their breaks.
F. In addition to having fun, volunteering is on many students’ to-do lists
G. A more popular use of the break, however, is a tropical getaway with friends.
A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large, tempting(诱人的)apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence. The boy wasn’t much of a fruit-eater, 41 _ a bar of chocolate if given the choice, __42 _ , as they say, the forbidden fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. The more he looked at it, the 43 _ he felt and the more he wanted that apple.
He stood on tiptoe(脚尖), __44 _ as high as he could , but even as his tallest 45 _ he was unable to touch It. He began to 46 up and down , as high as he could, at the 47 _ of each jump stretching his arms to get the apple . Still it remained out of 48 _ .
Not giving up , he though , if only he had something to 49 _ on . His school bag wouldn’t give enough height and he didn’t want to 50 _ the things inside , like his lunch box , pencil case , and Gameboy . Looking 51 _ , he hoped he might find an old box , a rock , or , 52 _ luck , even a ladder , but it was a tidy neighborhood and there was nothing he could use .
He had tried everything he could think to do . 53 _ seeing any other choices , he gave up and started to walk 54 _ . At first he felt angry and disappointed thinking about how hungry he had become from his _55 _ , and how he really wanted that apple . The more he 56 _ like this , the more unhappy he became.
__57 _ ,the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn’t always get what get he wanted .He started to say to himself .,This isn’t 58 _ ,I don’t have the apple and I’m feeling miserable as well. There’s 59 _ more I can do to get the apple that is unchangeable-but we are supposed to be able to 60 _ our feelings. If that’s the case, what can I do to feel better?
Is “sorry” the hardest word? Not for the British Education Secretary Michael Gove, 61 _ has apologized recently to his former French teacher 62 _ his bad behaviors in class. It took him 30 years to express regret. In a letter 63 _ (publish) in a magazine, Mr. Gove says: “It may be too late to say Pm sorry. But, as my mom told me, it’s never too late to set the record straight. ”
Researchers argue that people have too high expectations of the power of saying sorry. Some psychologists say in a study that 64 _ (receive) an apology isn’t as 65 _ (help) as people think. Nevertheless, apologies might be an important social tool as they reaffirm (重新确认）the 66 _ (exist) of rules that need to be observed.
The Education Secretary’s apology might have been accepted by his old teacher but he might get 67 _ (he) into trouble. According to the Daily Mail, Mr. Gove’s mother didn’t know her son was causing trouble at school and she 68 _ (say) :“He would have been punished 69 _ I had known he was being so naughty. ” Later, Gove said: “I can never express my apology to him face to face these days—it just goes through to his answering machine. But when I do 70 _ (eventual) speak to him, I will tell him a good sorry. ”