• 英语 泰州市2017年高三第一次月考
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. ---Alice has just lost her husband to heart failure.

--Her __________ smile can’t hide her sorrow.

Aarbitrary

Bartificial

Ccompulsory

Dconventional

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2. ---Can you give me the right answer?

---Sorry, I ______. Would you repeat that question?

Ahadn’t listened

Bhaven’t listened

Cdon’t listen

Dwasn’t listening

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3. How could I lie to her ____ when__ she lived for the truth, whether it was found in music or people?

Aunless

Bwhen

Cwhile

Dthough

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6. ___toothache, the old man felt very bitter, having no good sleep.

ANot being rid of

BNot ridding of

CNot rid of

DNot having rid of

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5. While mobile phones are thought to double the risk of developing brain cancer, many businesses have made claims ------the safety of their products.

Ain need of

Bin defense of

Cin search of

Din view of

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4. Tony always works out development schemes faster than others. Is it __ he graduated from a top university ___ counts?

Abecause ,that

Bthat, which

Cthat; that

Dwhy, what

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7. The doctor suggested that I keep away from oily food, because it ______ easily.

Aisn’t digest

Bdoesn’t digest

Cisn’t to digest

Dwon’t be digested

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8. Not far from the club, there was a garden, ______owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon.

Awhose

Bthat

Cwhich

Dits

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9. -----When can I use your computer?

---Never! __________ should you touch it.

AIn no time

BUnder no circumstance

CAt no case

DOn no condition

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10. ----Will my daughter be all right soon, doctor?

---Well, she _______ be, if she takes these tables.

Amust

Bmay

Ccan

Dshould

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12. Present at the historic meeting ____many an official on Nov 7, of course President Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou _________.

Awas; included

Bwas; including

Cwere; included

Dhas been; included

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11. Recent research has ___the causes of the mysterious disease that has claimed thousands of lives.

Acast light on

Bcaught hold of

Cmade sense of

Dlaid stress on

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13. ____from the Song Dynasty, the Confucian Temple of Nanjing has now developed into a famous scenic spot, __________ sightseeing, shopping and tasty foods.

AHaving dated; featured

BDating; featuring

CDating; having featured

DDated; featuring

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14.---It seems that people are becoming more and more selfish.

----How much happier life would be if we _______to the values of the past!

Awould return

Bhad returned

Creturn

Dwere to return

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15. ---It is said that it was Mark who started the quarrel and David simply defended himself.

---I don’t believe it. Those two hate each other. Anyway, ____________.

ATwo wrongs don’t make a right

BIt takes two to tango

CAttack is the best means of defense

DA fox may grow grey, but never good

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
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We must think anew---and act anew. -----Abraham Lincoln

When Abraham Lincoln wrote these words, he was facing the greatest crisis: the Civil War. He knew that 16 _

measures were not enough. “The dogmas (教条) of the  17 _   past,” he wrote, “are inadequate to the stormy present. We must think anew, and act anew.”

New thought, new action --- how simple it sounds and how    18      it is! Most of us tend to be   19    by old habits of thought. When crisis threatens, it is all too easy to react as we did before.

But great   20    awaits men and women who can change the pattern of their thinking to meet new challenges. I have   21    of this in my own experience. When I first left college, I had no  22   of becoming a psychiatrist(精神病医生). I taught drama in university. But two years later,   23     my life, I decided that, much   24    I enjoyed teaching, what I really wanted to be was a doctor.

The   25    to “act anew” was not easy. I knew I could hardly hope to become a(n)   26   psychiatrist before I was forty. My friends advised strongly against such an extreme step. I took it  27   . I have never regretted it.

Today, many of the people who come to me for help are suffering from a kind of  28 _ caused by blindly sticking to old patterns of thinking and acting. They can’t adapt to   29     conditions. They find it so difficult to   30 _  that sometimes they break.

Quite often, in my    31      to help such people, I quote these words of Lincoln. When problems annoy us, I tell them --- when there is    32      no solution --- we must not act rigidly. We must not    33      our difficulties from old, habitual points of view. We must think anew, and with it will come the    34      and the confidence to act anew.

A great American told us this. We should remember his words and try to live   35    them.

16.

Aimmediate

Bordinary

Ceffective

DTemporary

17.

Aquiet

Bdark

Cglorious

Drecent

18.

Aimpossible

Bdifficult

Cexciting

Dinteresting

19.

Aattracted

Bcovered

Cignored

Drestricted

20.

Areward

Bpromotion

Cresponsibility

Dtrouble

21.

Anotice

Benough

Cproof

Dmemory

22.

Asense

Bchance

Cknowledge

Dintention

23.

Aenjoying

Breviewing

Cspending

Drestarting

24.

Aas

Bsince

Cfor

Dunless

25.

Apromise

Bchance

Cdesire

Ddecision

26.

Alittle-known

Bprivileged

Cestablished

Dambitious

27.

Amoreover

Banyway

Cinstead

Dtherefore

28.

Arigidity

Bfoolishness

Csickness

Dgravity

29.

Apressing

Bexisting

Cchanging

Dappealing

30.

Ainsist

Bpass

Cbend

Dflee

31.

Abeliefs

Brequests

Cwishes

Defforts

32.

Aseemingly

Bsurprisingly

Cpartly

Doriginally

33.

Atake on

Blook at

Cdeal with

Dsee to

34.

Ainterest

Breason

Cpassion

Dpower

35.

Ain

Bby

Con

Dfor

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共26分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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B

The western obsession (迷恋) with rights makes it difficult to see their limitations. We speak about rights as if they were the only moral value with meaning, ignoring other important moral values like responsibilities or duties. In fact, responsibilities are the counterparts to rights.

Philosopher Carl Cohen writes that, “If animals have any rights, they must have the right not to be killed to advance the interest of others.” Another way of putting this is that those who assert (坚持) the rights of animals are in effect asserting—first and foremost—a right to life for all animals.

But for an animal to realize its right to life, farmers, hunters and researchers must collectively accept a duty not to kill them. Similarly, citizens, consumers and patients must refuse to eat, wear or use food, clothes and medicine that require an animal to die.

But the assertion of an animal right to life makes no sense. It would require us—just as one example—to stop animals from hunting one another, just like we stop humans from killing one another. But more importantly, it is unnecessary to achieve what is required to improve the lot of animals.

Even Peter Singer, one of the fathers of the animal rights movement, doesn’t believe animals have a right to life. He says we must refuse to contribute to—and act to stop—the unnecessary suffering of animals.

But he does not claim that animals have a right to life or that they suffer by having their life taken from them. Instead, what he claims is that animals farmed on a large scale suffer because of the cruel ways they are made to live and are butchered. We have a duty to do what we can to stop this by boycotting businesses that treat animals cruelly.

We can go without wearing make-up and without eating or wearing animal flesh that required the torture (折磨) of animals, or we can source and buy cruelty-free make-ups and eat and wear ethically-farmed animal products.

In other words, while it might have been true that when Animal Liberation was written in the 1970s, the result of a boycott was a vegetarian lifestyle, this is no longer the case. Today, there is more than one way to achieve our duties to get rid of the unnecessary suffering of animals.

38. We can infer from the first paragraph ( ).

Arights can contribute to responsibilities

Bresponsibilities are contradictory to rights

Cresponsibilities are more important than rights

Drights can’t be secured without responsibilities

39. Carl Cohen might agree that( ).

Aanimals can enjoy a variety of rights for the time being

Banimals have the right to advance the interest of others

Canimals can be conditionally used for clothes or medicine

Danimals have the right to survive by hunting one another

40. Why do some people think it makes no sense to assert an animal right to life()?

APeople may find it possible to stop animals killing each other.

BThe balance of the animal world should not be interfered with.

CIt is hard to assert a right to life for the animals on the earth.

DHumans can’t refuse the contribution to suffering of animals.

41. How can we boycott businesses that treat animals cruelly? ( )

AWe should maintain a vegetarian lifestyle.

BWe should protect animals from suffering.

CWe should turn to cruelty-free animal products.

DWe should stop wearing make-ups in daily life.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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C

Before boarding the virtual reality roller coaster, riders put on a VR headset across their face. They won’t see where the steel track is going, or what’s coming up next. As the ride launches into a series of steep drops, banks and loops (环形), riders are involved in high-definition imagery and 360-degree virtual views. There’s even a story lineto follow as they’re screaming their heads off.

In the competitive world of who can go higher, faster and deliver more G-forces (离心力), this new kid on the block is making a splash at amusement parks across North America. Next spring, Six Flags will present nine virtual reality roller coasters at its parks in Texas, California, Maryland, and New York.

“It’s perfect to have this virtual reality technology that gives you the thrilling feeling of being in a different world,” said Thomas Wagner, CEO of VR Coaster, which developed the system for Six Flags, “and to combine it with a coaster that delivers motion (运动), G-forces, zero-gravity moments—it’s a totally new kind of attraction.”

What makes the experience different from 3-D motion simulator (模拟器) rides is that the imagery playing inside the headsets is completely in sync (同步) with what the physical roller coaster is doing on the track. So while riders are flying amid (在...之间) high-rise buildings in the virtual world, they’re barreling through a corkscrew (拔塞钻) in real life.

At Six Flags Magic Mountain outside Los Angeles, VR technology was added to longtime favorite “Revolution” and rebranded as “The New Revolution.” Built in 1976, it was the first looping roller coaster in the world. Today, riders  no longer experience a twisting journey through green trees and hills. Instead, they’re knee-deep in a mankind vs. aliens story line.

At Six Flags Fiesta Texas in San Antonio, thrill seekers who board the new “Superman: Krypton Coaster Virtual Reality Coaster” are fully  involved in the comic-book world of Metropolis.

Some skeptical park-goers have questioned whether the VR effects cause motion sickness.

“It’s crucial to have the virtual reality ride precisely synced to the real ride,” Wagner said, “because otherwise, you would get dizzy and have motion sickness.”

“The entire VR industry, especially gaming developers, are fighting with this motion sickness problem. If you’re sitting at home in a chair and you’re watching this convincing 3-D movement, you get dizzy. But when you’re on the coaster, and you actually feel the same movements that you are watching and seeing, you don’t.”

Of course, “It’s still a roller coaster, and it’s still kind of fierce.”

So far, Wagner said, the VR roller coasters have attracted every type of daredevil.

“People who are even afraid of coasters like it better in VR, because they feel a little bit safer,” he said, “They don’t think a video game environment can harm them in any way.”

42. Which helps create a special story line? ( )

Aroller coaster.

BA VR headset.

CHigh buildings.

DZero-gravity.

43. When you ride a VR roller coaster, you ( ).

Acan clearly see where the steel track is going

Bwill experience a series of story-based views

Cwill suffer from serious motion sickness

Dcan compose a story line of your own

44. What do the underlined words “making a splash” in Paragraph 2 probably mean( )

Aattracting much attention

Btaking the lead

Cfollowing one’s example

Dstruggling to exist

45.People won’t feel motion sickness because( )

Athey know it is safe to ride VR roller coasters

Ba VR ride is not so fierce as a traditional one

Cwhat they feel keeps pace with what they see

Dthey are concentrating on a game environment

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D

On a warm November day, as a skydiving instructor, I, Sheldon McFarlane, arrived at Perth’s Jandakot Airport at 7.30am, as I do every morning.  I’d been really busy doing tandem (串联) jumps—where the student is attached to me with a harness (安全带)—as well as teaching students to jump by themselves. I hadn’t taken much notice of the 22-year-old Christopher Jones, though this was my first jump with him.

Christopher was lucky to have the opportunity to do three jumps in one day. Students can get stressed when there are long gaps between their jumps. Sometimes they are more nervous on their second jump than their first. I think the more jumps you do in a day the easier it is.

I have been skydiving for 25 years and I still love it. It’s a very dynamic sport and there are a lot of challenges. I still learn something new every day.

Christopher was going to do his fifth jump, which is the first solo jump. He climbed out of the plane fine and did a reasonable exit. Then he over-rotated and became unstable for a second, but he quickly moved himself back into the stable position again. Then when he was stable and level, he turned himself so he was facing me and waited for my signals. He started a left-hand turn—and then he suddenly stopped.

We were 9,000 feet above the ground. Maybe, I thought, he’s misunderstood the technique for doing turns?

I didn’t know what he was up to. It never entered my head that he might have been having a sudden violent attack of an illness.

For the next 30 seconds or so, Christopher was free-falling at speeds up to 200 km an hour.

I dived down but I was moving downwards too fast. I was worried about coming in over the top of him, as he might have pulled the rip cord (开降绳) and then I would be falling into an open parachute (降落伞). So I approached to the side of him to observe how his body was flying. He wasn’t just falling, he was spinning and moving repeatedly at the same time, and his head was pointing downwards.

I realized then that Christopher was completely unresponsive and doing nothing to get himself facing the earth. We were at 5,000 feet and  I needed to reach him and get his parachute above his head. Even though our students are fitted with two automatic parachutes, the first wouldn’t have opened until 2,000 feet above the drop zone. That wouldn’t have given him much time to sort himself out before hitting the ground. He could have flown into a tree or a river and hurt himself. It had come to the point where he needed to get under that parachute sooner rather than later.

I quickly moved my arms back and lifted my chin. It takes just a split second—it’s the position you get in when you want to direct your flight. Then I pointed my head down to build up speed and, as I came close, tried to slow down. It’ s possible to be 1,000 feet above somebody and still dive down and join them in a formation (队列). Within seconds, you can match their fall speed.

At 4,500 feet I caught hold of him and pulled on his harness with one hand and rolled him sideways to angle his body so the parachute could open properly. The chute rushed out and swung him round. I believed everything would now be fine.

I reached the ground about two minutes before him. After I picked up my parachute, I went over to Donna, our ground instructor. She then came behind me and said “he’s just had a seizure”. I couldn’t believe it. If I’d realized while we were up there that he was unconscious, I don’t know if I would have been that calm.

A few months later, Christopher uploaded the training video taken from mine helmet camera to YouTube. In December last year, the Royal Life Saving Society, Western Australia, awarded me a Gold Cross for my courage.

46. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean( )

AThe differences in students’ skills will make them nervous.

BA higher altitude of the next dive will make them more worried.

CJumping too frequently will put students under great pressure.

DA wide interval before next attempt will make students stressed.

47. Which of the following statements about the writer is true( )

AHe thinks there is nothing to learn any more from skydiving.

BHe was aware that something was wrong with Christopher.

CHe managed to open the parachute for Christopher at last.

DHe instructed Christopher to correctly open the parachute,

48. Which is the correct order of the following events( )

①I caught hold of Christopher.

②I approached to the side of him.

③Christopher did a reasonable exit.

④The parachute swung him around.

⑤Christopher came down with an illness.

A⑤③④②①

B③⑤④①②

C②③④①⑤

D③⑤②①④

49. What kind of instructor is Sheldon according to the passage( )

ABrave and experienced.

BShy and considerate.

CCasual and easy-going.

DCautious and determined.

50. What might be the best title for the passage( )

AGold Cross for Courage

BRescue at 4,500 Feet

CUnforgettable Sky Diving

DLucky Sky Diver

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共2小题,每小题2分,共4分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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A    

Dear Friends,

What does your schedule look like? You would not believe mine on some days! I think everyone in the world comes to my office during some weeks! Being productive is important; but did you know that downtime is equally important? When your body has a chance to rest, your productivity, problem solving, and creativity are all strengthened. Work some downtime into your schedule and use it well. Find out more in our article “Using Your Downtime Wisely.” (page 32)

One way to use your downtime is to make a vacation. My favorite kind of vacation usually involves water and the beach; and as many of you know, I love scuba diving! The world under the waves is so beautiful and interesting. Learn more about it in “Diving With Sharks in the Bahamas.”(page 16) You don’t even need to get wet!

Part of your scheduling also involves balancing your life. You need to make time for life. At least one third of workers now leave jobs in a quest for a better work-life balance. You need to make time for your family and downtime for yourself? Read more about that this month in our article “Balancing Act”. (page 12)

We always have so much to talk about in advanced each month. This month is no exception. Learn some tips that could boost your career and how to protect yourself from cyber crooks on page 6. You’ll learn some great words and phrases along the way---in English.

Your Friend for life,

Doris Brougham

36. If you hope to squeeze some time out of your work schedule for your family, you may be interested in the chapter of ( ).

ABalancing Act

BDiving With Sharks in the Bahamas

CUsing Your Downtime Wisely

DProtecting Yourself from Cyber Crooks

37. From the passage, we can identify the author as______.

Aa productive naturalist

Ban expert on family education

Ca professional scuba diver

Dan editor of a monthly magazine

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语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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It doesn’t matter if books are delivered in print or by smart phone; the main thing is to get lost in reading them. Reading books is vital for human development.

Why should we bother reading a book? All children say this occasionally. Many of the 12 million adults in Britain with reading difficulties repeat it to themselves daily. In a world of accelerating technology, increasing time poverty and decreasing attention, should they invest precious time sinking into a good book?

The discovery that our brains are physically changed by the experience of reading is something many of us will understand instinctively(本能地), as we think back to the way an extraordinary book had a transformative effect on the way we viewed the world. This transformation only takes place when we lose ourselves in a book, abandoning the emotional and mental chatter of the real world. That’s why studies have found this kind of deep reading makes us more sensitive to the inner lives of others.

Rationally, we know that reading is the foundation stone of all education, and therefore an essential basis of the knowledge economy. So reading is – or should be – an aspect of public policy. But perhaps even more significant is its emotional role as the starting point for individual voyages of personal development and pleasure. Books can open up emotional, imaginative and historical landscapes that equal and extend the corridors(走廊) of the web. They can help create and strengthen our sense of self. If reading were to decline significantly, it would change the very nature of our species. If we, in the future, are no longer wired for self-reflection and creative thought, we will die out.

However, technology throws up as many solutions as it does challenges: for every door it closes, another opens. So the ability, offered by devices like e-readers, smart phones and tablets, to carry an entire library in your hand is an amazing opportunity. Publishers need to use every new piece of technology to embed (使融入) long-form reading within our culture. We should concentrate on the message, not worry about the medium. We must also get better at using the ability of the Internet to inform readers, and potential readers, about all the extraordinary new books that are published every year, and to renew their acquaintance with the best of rich literary tradition.

The research shows that if we stop reading, we will be different people: less complicated, less considerate, less interesting. There can hardly be a better reason for fighting to protect the future of the book.

根据图示内容填写下题

Reading books plays a vital role in human development, whether they are 71 _ or electronic.

People are at a 72 _ as to the meaning of reading.

Several factors affect reading including reading difficulty, accelerating technology, 73 _ of time and poor concentration. A good book will transform our world 74 _ when we get lost in it.

Deep reading enables us to better 75 _ others’ inner lives. All education is 76 _ on reading, which will bring economic benefits indirectly. Books can advance personal development and bring us emotional 77 _ as well.

It 78 _ readers to more books, so we should make better 79 _ of the Internet to serve readers.

Reading 80 _ us a lot so it is essential to protect the future of the book.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

请阅读下面文字及图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。

【写作内容】1用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容。2结合上述信息,简要分析越来越多的人喜欢锻炼的主要原因。3.根据你的分析,从社会和个人两方面谈谈你从这一现象中得到的启示(不少于两点)

【写作要求】1写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句。2作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

3不必写标题。

Today, more people are playing an active role in various body-building activities, and young people make up a large proportion. People of different ages choose different places for exercise.

There are some reasons contributing to this phenomenon. First of all, our government attaches great importance to body-building activities and encourages people to get involved, It has lunched many campaigns, aimed at promoting body building all over the country. So more and more people are willingly participating in taking exercise. In addition, the value in it is more widely recognized.

This phenomenon set me thinking deeply. At the social level, with more and more people doing exercise, public health can be greatly improved, which will surely benefit the whole country. On a personal level, a healthy body is a powerful guarantee to improve the quality of life. Exercise can surely help you look good, feel good and keep fit.

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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