1. ---Alice has just lost her husband to heart failure.
--Her __________ smile can’t hide her sorrow.
2. ---Can you give me the right answer?
---Sorry, I ______. Would you repeat that question?
3. How could I lie to her ____ when__ she lived for the truth, whether it was found in music or people?
6. ___toothache, the old man felt very bitter, having no good sleep.
5. While mobile phones are thought to double the risk of developing brain cancer, many businesses have made claims ------the safety of their products.
4. Tony always works out development schemes faster than others. Is it __ he graduated from a top university ___ counts?
7. The doctor suggested that I keep away from oily food, because it ______ easily.
8. Not far from the club, there was a garden, ______owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon.
9. -----When can I use your computer?
---Never! __________ should you touch it.
10. ----Will my daughter be all right soon, doctor?
---Well, she _______ be, if she takes these tables.
12. Present at the historic meeting ____many an official on Nov 7, of course President Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou _________.
11. Recent research has ___the causes of the mysterious disease that has claimed thousands of lives.
13. ____from the Song Dynasty, the Confucian Temple of Nanjing has now developed into a famous scenic spot, __________ sightseeing, shopping and tasty foods.
14.---It seems that people are becoming more and more selfish.
----How much happier life would be if we _______to the values of the past!
15. ---It is said that it was Mark who started the quarrel and David simply defended himself.
---I don’t believe it. Those two hate each other. Anyway, ____________.
We must think anew---and act anew. -----Abraham Lincoln
When Abraham Lincoln wrote these words, he was facing the greatest crisis: the Civil War. He knew that 16 _
measures were not enough. “The dogmas (教条) of the 17 _ past,” he wrote, “are inadequate to the stormy present. We must think anew, and act anew.”
New thought, new action --- how simple it sounds and how 18 it is! Most of us tend to be 19 by old habits of thought. When crisis threatens, it is all too easy to react as we did before.
But great 20 awaits men and women who can change the pattern of their thinking to meet new challenges. I have 21 of this in my own experience. When I first left college, I had no 22 of becoming a psychiatrist(精神病医生). I taught drama in university. But two years later, 23 my life, I decided that, much 24 I enjoyed teaching, what I really wanted to be was a doctor.
The 25 to “act anew” was not easy. I knew I could hardly hope to become a(n) 26 psychiatrist before I was forty. My friends advised strongly against such an extreme step. I took it 27 . I have never regretted it.
Today, many of the people who come to me for help are suffering from a kind of 28 _ caused by blindly sticking to old patterns of thinking and acting. They can’t adapt to 29 conditions. They find it so difficult to 30 _ that sometimes they break.
Quite often, in my 31 to help such people, I quote these words of Lincoln. When problems annoy us, I tell them --- when there is 32 no solution --- we must not act rigidly. We must not 33 our difficulties from old, habitual points of view. We must think anew, and with it will come the 34 and the confidence to act anew.
A great American told us this. We should remember his words and try to live 35 them.
The western obsession (迷恋) with rights makes it difficult to see their limitations. We speak about rights as if they were the only moral value with meaning, ignoring other important moral values like responsibilities or duties. In fact, responsibilities are the counterparts to rights.
Philosopher Carl Cohen writes that, “If animals have any rights, they must have the right not to be killed to advance the interest of others.” Another way of putting this is that those who assert (坚持) the rights of animals are in effect asserting—first and foremost—a right to life for all animals.
But for an animal to realize its right to life, farmers, hunters and researchers must collectively accept a duty not to kill them. Similarly, citizens, consumers and patients must refuse to eat, wear or use food, clothes and medicine that require an animal to die.
But the assertion of an animal right to life makes no sense. It would require us—just as one example—to stop animals from hunting one another, just like we stop humans from killing one another. But more importantly, it is unnecessary to achieve what is required to improve the lot of animals.
Even Peter Singer, one of the fathers of the animal rights movement, doesn’t believe animals have a right to life. He says we must refuse to contribute to—and act to stop—the unnecessary suffering of animals.
But he does not claim that animals have a right to life or that they suffer by having their life taken from them. Instead, what he claims is that animals farmed on a large scale suffer because of the cruel ways they are made to live and are butchered. We have a duty to do what we can to stop this by boycotting businesses that treat animals cruelly.
We can go without wearing make-up and without eating or wearing animal flesh that required the torture (折磨) of animals, or we can source and buy cruelty-free make-ups and eat and wear ethically-farmed animal products.
In other words, while it might have been true that when Animal Liberation was written in the 1970s, the result of a boycott was a vegetarian lifestyle, this is no longer the case. Today, there is more than one way to achieve our duties to get rid of the unnecessary suffering of animals.
38. We can infer from the first paragraph （ ）.
39. Carl Cohen might agree that（ ）.
40. Why do some people think it makes no sense to assert an animal right to life（）？
41. How can we boycott businesses that treat animals cruelly? （ ）
Before boarding the virtual reality roller coaster, riders put on a VR headset across their face. They won’t see where the steel track is going, or what’s coming up next. As the ride launches into a series of steep drops, banks and loops (环形), riders are involved in high-definition imagery and 360-degree virtual views. There’s even a story lineto follow as they’re screaming their heads off.
In the competitive world of who can go higher, faster and deliver more G-forces (离心力), this new kid on the block is making a splash at amusement parks across North America. Next spring, Six Flags will present nine virtual reality roller coasters at its parks in Texas, California, Maryland, and New York.
“It’s perfect to have this virtual reality technology that gives you the thrilling feeling of being in a different world,” said Thomas Wagner, CEO of VR Coaster, which developed the system for Six Flags, “and to combine it with a coaster that delivers motion (运动), G-forces, zero-gravity moments—it’s a totally new kind of attraction.”
What makes the experience different from 3-D motion simulator (模拟器) rides is that the imagery playing inside the headsets is completely in sync (同步) with what the physical roller coaster is doing on the track. So while riders are flying amid (在...之间) high-rise buildings in the virtual world, they’re barreling through a corkscrew (拔塞钻) in real life.
At Six Flags Magic Mountain outside Los Angeles, VR technology was added to longtime favorite “Revolution” and rebranded as “The New Revolution.” Built in 1976, it was the first looping roller coaster in the world. Today, riders no longer experience a twisting journey through green trees and hills. Instead, they’re knee-deep in a mankind vs. aliens story line.
At Six Flags Fiesta Texas in San Antonio, thrill seekers who board the new “Superman: Krypton Coaster Virtual Reality Coaster” are fully involved in the comic-book world of Metropolis.
Some skeptical park-goers have questioned whether the VR effects cause motion sickness.
“It’s crucial to have the virtual reality ride precisely synced to the real ride,” Wagner said, “because otherwise, you would get dizzy and have motion sickness.”
“The entire VR industry, especially gaming developers, are fighting with this motion sickness problem. If you’re sitting at home in a chair and you’re watching this convincing 3-D movement, you get dizzy. But when you’re on the coaster, and you actually feel the same movements that you are watching and seeing, you don’t.”
Of course, “It’s still a roller coaster, and it’s still kind of fierce.”
So far, Wagner said, the VR roller coasters have attracted every type of daredevil.
“People who are even afraid of coasters like it better in VR, because they feel a little bit safer,” he said, “They don’t think a video game environment can harm them in any way.”
42. Which helps create a special story line? （ ）
43. When you ride a VR roller coaster, you （ ）.
44. What do the underlined words “making a splash” in Paragraph 2 probably mean（ ）
45.People won’t feel motion sickness because（ ）
On a warm November day, as a skydiving instructor, I, Sheldon McFarlane, arrived at Perth’s Jandakot Airport at 7.30am, as I do every morning. I’d been really busy doing tandem (串联) jumps—where the student is attached to me with a harness (安全带)—as well as teaching students to jump by themselves. I hadn’t taken much notice of the 22-year-old Christopher Jones, though this was my first jump with him.
Christopher was lucky to have the opportunity to do three jumps in one day. Students can get stressed when there are long gaps between their jumps. Sometimes they are more nervous on their second jump than their first. I think the more jumps you do in a day the easier it is.
I have been skydiving for 25 years and I still love it. It’s a very dynamic sport and there are a lot of challenges. I still learn something new every day.
Christopher was going to do his fifth jump, which is the first solo jump. He climbed out of the plane fine and did a reasonable exit. Then he over-rotated and became unstable for a second, but he quickly moved himself back into the stable position again. Then when he was stable and level, he turned himself so he was facing me and waited for my signals. He started a left-hand turn—and then he suddenly stopped.
We were 9,000 feet above the ground. Maybe, I thought, he’s misunderstood the technique for doing turns?
I didn’t know what he was up to. It never entered my head that he might have been having a sudden violent attack of an illness.
For the next 30 seconds or so, Christopher was free-falling at speeds up to 200 km an hour.
I dived down but I was moving downwards too fast. I was worried about coming in over the top of him, as he might have pulled the rip cord (开降绳) and then I would be falling into an open parachute (降落伞). So I approached to the side of him to observe how his body was flying. He wasn’t just falling, he was spinning and moving repeatedly at the same time, and his head was pointing downwards.
I realized then that Christopher was completely unresponsive and doing nothing to get himself facing the earth. We were at 5,000 feet and I needed to reach him and get his parachute above his head. Even though our students are fitted with two automatic parachutes, the first wouldn’t have opened until 2,000 feet above the drop zone. That wouldn’t have given him much time to sort himself out before hitting the ground. He could have flown into a tree or a river and hurt himself. It had come to the point where he needed to get under that parachute sooner rather than later.
I quickly moved my arms back and lifted my chin. It takes just a split second—it’s the position you get in when you want to direct your flight. Then I pointed my head down to build up speed and, as I came close, tried to slow down. It’ s possible to be 1,000 feet above somebody and still dive down and join them in a formation (队列). Within seconds, you can match their fall speed.
At 4,500 feet I caught hold of him and pulled on his harness with one hand and rolled him sideways to angle his body so the parachute could open properly. The chute rushed out and swung him round. I believed everything would now be fine.
I reached the ground about two minutes before him. After I picked up my parachute, I went over to Donna, our ground instructor. She then came behind me and said “he’s just had a seizure”. I couldn’t believe it. If I’d realized while we were up there that he was unconscious, I don’t know if I would have been that calm.
A few months later, Christopher uploaded the training video taken from mine helmet camera to YouTube. In December last year, the Royal Life Saving Society, Western Australia, awarded me a Gold Cross for my courage.
46. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean（ ）
47. Which of the following statements about the writer is true（ ）
48. Which is the correct order of the following events（ ）
①I caught hold of Christopher.
②I approached to the side of him.
③Christopher did a reasonable exit.
④The parachute swung him around.
⑤Christopher came down with an illness.
49. What kind of instructor is Sheldon according to the passage（ ）
50. What might be the best title for the passage（ ）
What does your schedule look like? You would not believe mine on some days! I think everyone in the world comes to my office during some weeks! Being productive is important; but did you know that downtime is equally important? When your body has a chance to rest, your productivity, problem solving, and creativity are all strengthened. Work some downtime into your schedule and use it well. Find out more in our article “Using Your Downtime Wisely.” (page 32)
One way to use your downtime is to make a vacation. My favorite kind of vacation usually involves water and the beach; and as many of you know, I love scuba diving! The world under the waves is so beautiful and interesting. Learn more about it in “Diving With Sharks in the Bahamas.”(page 16) You don’t even need to get wet!
Part of your scheduling also involves balancing your life. You need to make time for life. At least one third of workers now leave jobs in a quest for a better work-life balance. You need to make time for your family and downtime for yourself? Read more about that this month in our article “Balancing Act”. (page 12)
We always have so much to talk about in advanced each month. This month is no exception. Learn some tips that could boost your career and how to protect yourself from cyber crooks on page 6. You’ll learn some great words and phrases along the way---in English.
Your Friend for life,
36. If you hope to squeeze some time out of your work schedule for your family, you may be interested in the chapter of （ ）.
37. From the passage, we can identify the author as______.
It doesn’t matter if books are delivered in print or by smart phone; the main thing is to get lost in reading them. Reading books is vital for human development.
Why should we bother reading a book? All children say this occasionally. Many of the 12 million adults in Britain with reading difficulties repeat it to themselves daily. In a world of accelerating technology, increasing time poverty and decreasing attention, should they invest precious time sinking into a good book?
The discovery that our brains are physically changed by the experience of reading is something many of us will understand instinctively(本能地), as we think back to the way an extraordinary book had a transformative effect on the way we viewed the world. This transformation only takes place when we lose ourselves in a book, abandoning the emotional and mental chatter of the real world. That’s why studies have found this kind of deep reading makes us more sensitive to the inner lives of others.
Rationally, we know that reading is the foundation stone of all education, and therefore an essential basis of the knowledge economy. So reading is – or should be – an aspect of public policy. But perhaps even more significant is its emotional role as the starting point for individual voyages of personal development and pleasure. Books can open up emotional, imaginative and historical landscapes that equal and extend the corridors(走廊) of the web. They can help create and strengthen our sense of self. If reading were to decline significantly, it would change the very nature of our species. If we, in the future, are no longer wired for self-reflection and creative thought, we will die out.
However, technology throws up as many solutions as it does challenges: for every door it closes, another opens. So the ability, offered by devices like e-readers, smart phones and tablets, to carry an entire library in your hand is an amazing opportunity. Publishers need to use every new piece of technology to embed (使融入) long-form reading within our culture. We should concentrate on the message, not worry about the medium. We must also get better at using the ability of the Internet to inform readers, and potential readers, about all the extraordinary new books that are published every year, and to renew their acquaintance with the best of rich literary tradition.
The research shows that if we stop reading, we will be different people: less complicated, less considerate, less interesting. There can hardly be a better reason for fighting to protect the future of the book.
Reading books plays a vital role in human development, whether they are 71 _ or electronic.
People are at a 72 _ as to the meaning of reading.
Several factors affect reading including reading difficulty, accelerating technology, 73 _ of time and poor concentration. A good book will transform our world 74 _ when we get lost in it.
Deep reading enables us to better 75 _ others’ inner lives. All education is 76 _ on reading, which will bring economic benefits indirectly. Books can advance personal development and bring us emotional 77 _ as well.
It 78 _ readers to more books, so we should make better 79 _ of the Internet to serve readers.
Reading 80 _ us a lot so it is essential to protect the future of the book.
请阅读下面文字及图表，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。
【写作内容】1用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容。2结合上述信息，简要分析越来越多的人喜欢锻炼的主要原因。3.根据你的分析，从社会和个人两方面谈谈你从这一现象中得到的启示（不少于两点）
Today, more people are playing an active role in various body-building activities, and young people make up a large proportion. People of different ages choose different places for exercise.
There are some reasons contributing to this phenomenon. First of all, our government attaches great importance to body-building activities and encourages people to get involved, It has lunched many campaigns, aimed at promoting body building all over the country. So more and more people are willingly participating in taking exercise. In addition, the value in it is more widely recognized.
This phenomenon set me thinking deeply. At the social level, with more and more people doing exercise, public health can be greatly improved, which will surely benefit the whole country. On a personal level, a healthy body is a powerful guarantee to improve the quality of life. Exercise can surely help you look good, feel good and keep fit.