第一节(共15 小题; 每小题2分, 满分30分)
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。
Theaters of the Past
The Greek Theater
Theaters developed in many parts of Greece. Ancient Greek theaters were built in natural open air sites on conveniently shaped hills. This allowed a great mass of people to enjoy a show at a time. Due to this, actors placed emphasis on exaggerated(夸张的) action and speech. And, colorful symbolic masks and costumes were used.
The Medieval Theater
The Medieval theater started in churches. That’s why medieval plays were about Bible stories. At first, it became a custom for priests (牧师) to act out brief scenes during Christmas and Easter. These acts attracted large crowds. Finally the church refused to allow priests to participate in any such events again, so ordinary people began these performances outside. Performances were set in the town square, with several stage settings around it.
The Elizabethan Theater
The England’s theater developed rapidly in the years following the defeat of the Spanish Navy. The dominant feature of Elizabethan theater was the stage, It has three parts :The fore stage for outside scenes ;the inner stage for scenes inside a building; an upper stage or balcony for various purposes. The reason for this design is that there were no scene changes, or breaks during the play. Very little scenery was used, so the actors had to create a scene through their voices and dialogues. This led to a more poetic script , and poets became the main source of script writing. The Restoration Theater
Some of the plays told sad stories, but the majority of the plays were really funny. Many specialized machines were used to create the scene. The stage was a very clever idea , in that on the sides of the stage large back shutters(百叶窗) were painted with the scene.
Why were ancient Greek theaters built on hills?
In which theater could actors’ voices and speech help create scenes?
What is special about the Restoration Theater?
Semi-retired advertising agency owner Stephen Thomas, 58 , has been investing on and off for the past 30 years. He made money in the.dotcom boom but got his fingers burned when the bubble burst in March 2000. When he got access to his pension he decided to start investing again, this time with the help of his son Sam.
Now the two meet up most afternoons at Stephen’s home in Sandbach , Cheshire to talk about investments. The day starts at 7 am when Sam looks at company announcements online. These regulatory announcements can include a firm’s accounts , general updates or news of mergers(合并) or acquisitions. Sam flags up companies that he thinks look interesting to his dad who then does some more research.
Each has an ISA (Individual Savings Account) with AJ Bell , which they use to buy individual stocks and shares. It is a risky way to invest but the two like doing their own research on companies and Stephen makes an effort to go to investor presentations and try to meet the CEO and directors of the firms they invest in and to speak to other investors in the companies.
They have invested in oil companies and pet care businesses , to name just a few. But while the investments of the two men are similar, they do have different approaches. While Sam likes to hold shares for the long term as he is saving money for his future retirement , Stephen likes to buy with any profits he makes.
Sam says, “We do not argue because we have separate ISAs. It means finally we make our own decisions about which shares to invest in. The only time we might have a disagreement is when we both want to use the login for the news service at the same time.”
What happened to Stephen in 2000?
What does the underlined words “flags up”in Paragraph 2 mean?
How did Stephen usually conduct his own research?
In what aspect do Sam and his father share in investment?
In today’s society , language plays a key role in defining gender (性别) by vocabulary, and also their non-verbal
(非语言的) vocabulary. Each one of these different types of ways of communicating is obviously different between men and women.
Many different studies show that men tend to talk much more than women. It has also been proven that women tend to speak faster than men; this is due to the fact that women tend to be interrupted more often than men are, and also have the ability to speak more clearly, precisely, and more quickly than men. In one study it was found that women spoke for an average of three minutes describing a painting, as opposed to the thirteen-minute average it took men to describe it.
Men and women also tend to have a very different non-verbal way of communicating, which can also make it very hard for one another to understand what the opposite sex is trying to say. Men’s body language is much more reserved when talking to women. Men tend not to make as much eye contact and they generally stay farther away from women when talking to them. Men avoid other people’s body space while talking, and they also tend to sit back when talking. All of these have given off the impression of disinterest or boredom. Women are by far better listeners and much more enjoyable to talk with and they tend to raise more topics for conversation.
Women also make it clearer whether or not the conversation is going somewhere or just stuck in neutral. After learning about our styles of communicating with each other, I have decided that although men have not quite mastered communicating, what fun would it be if we all spoke the same “language”? The little games men and women play with each other while conversing would be lost. The question everyone asks himself or herself after talking with someone of the opposite sex, “I wonder if there’s something there?” would no longer exist.
What does the underlined word “this”in Paragraph 2 refer to?
In what way do men and women differ according to the third paragraph?
What is the author’s attitude to the differences between men’s and women’s communication?
What is the best title for the text?
It’s not every day that United States history mixes with microbes (微生物) in the soil. But when the grassland on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. was replaced, it offered scientists the opportunity to study changes in the soil beneath.
The work focused on the bacteria present in the soil. To the researchers’ surprise, the communities of microbes did not change a lot before and after the replacement. These communities in the soil are known as the soil microbiome (微生物群).
“My lab is interested in how microbes can move around in the environment , and how they change and adapt as a result of this movement,” explains Jo Anne Crouch, the lead author of the study. “We thought that the new ‘imported ’turf (草皮) from New Jersey would introduce different communities of bacteria to the National Mall. However, we found that they weren’t significantly different.”
Crouch’s work focused on turf grass ，defined as a large area of green grass. It is made up of the grass, its roots, and the soil and microbes found with them.
Think of the soil microbiome as similar to the collection of microbes found in the human body. When the microbes are out of balance , it can make someone sick. Crouch says it’s the same for the soil microbiome. Many of the worst diseases in crops or other environments are linked with changes in the soil microbiome.
Additionally, Crouch says that even though the changes between the soils were small, scientists are also starting to appreciate that sometimes a really important microbe is a rare one. This means it would be hard to observe but could greatly affect how the groups function as a whole. “Agricultural areas and other natural spaces are highly and easily hurt by negative changes,” she says. “Microbiomes offer an almost entirely new opportunity to influence interactions among plants and microbes to improve plant productivity and health. ”
Why did the researchers feel surprised when they focused on the bacteria in the soil?
By studying the turf grass , what did Crouch and her team find?
Why did the author mention the microbes in the human body?
What does Crouch mean in the last paragraph?
第二节(共5 小题; 每小题2分, 满分10分)
What to Do When Someone Doesn’t Like You
When someone tells me , “I don’t care if people like me,” they are showing me the emotional wall they use to block the hurt of rejection.
As humans are social animals, all of us care if people like us. Based on the need for social connection, your reactions to rejection and negative judgment can range from minor hurt to breakouts of depression. 36
The first step to handle a negative situation is to recognize your reaction. Ask yourself, “What am I feeling?”. 37 Any betrayal (背叛) or embarrassments in your heart? Identify what feeling has shown up in your body? so you can choose what to do next.
38 When you sense yourself shutting down or feeling defensive, ask yourself what the person actually meant to do to you, Did they truly mean to offend you, or make fun of you ? Your brain works very hard to keep you safe , so it will judge a situation as threatening if there is any possibility of social harm.
When our brains sense a possible threat, we react as if we were personally attacked. Take a breath to relieve the stress, 39
Finally, if you believe the person doesn’t like you , ask yourself if this matters. 40 If not, what can you do to release your need to be liked by this person? And, what can you do to stay neutral and not return the dislike? The more you can come to accept others as who they are , the more you can move forward with your goals regardless if someone likes you or not.
A. If you can , look the person in their eyes.
B. Do you feel any fear or anger in your head?
C. Ask yourself what is true about thesituation.
D. Often people do not realize the impact oftheir words.
E. Will the person’s judgment of you impactyour work or life?
F. The ability to let a show of dislike rolloff your back is a learned skill.
G. Thiswill ground you in the present and take you out of your trembling mind.
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分30分)
阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
My mom has been and will always be my biggest inspiration. She is a single parent of eight, and I have no idea how she 41 . Throughout the years, my mom has overcome many hardships which could easily 42 someone with little faith.
Even 43 doctors questioned if my little sister Jessica would live to see the age of 1, my mom never lost 44. After countless visits to multiple doctors, my mom 45 to bring her home and make the best of my sister’s life 46 receiving the same results from different hospitals.
Jessica’s numerous hospital visits definitely 47 her, but my mom never showed signs of 48. Her strength helped Jessica through every 49 time. No matter how confused Jessica was, my mom always made her feel as if there was absolutely nothing to 50, which enabled Jessica to live the life of a 51 child. She attended a public school, went to parties to dance around excitedly. We actually 52 that she was even sick.
53, things began to take a turn for the worse. Around her 6th birthday, Jessica lost sight, which was 54 by loss of sensation in her left arm at the age of 5. However, this was it and doctors had no 55. The whole family were heartbroken and 56, at a point of no return. Once again , my mom found a way to 57us all. She made it her job to let us know that she had a strong support system. She decided to 58 her job and attend to her every need. With my mom sleeping by her side every single. night, I noticed their 59 grow stronger than anything. Now Jessica is 20 years old and is enjoying her college life.
My mom gets us to realize that no matter how 60 our trials may appear, we have a support system. We are a family that will always be there for one another.
A. failed B. survived C. graduated D. developed
A. guide B. push C. refresh D. discourage
A. until B. when C. unless D. since
A. hope B. control C. interest D. patience
A. refused B. threatened C. decided D. hesitated
A. far from B. regardless of C. apart from D. instead of
A. upset B. destroyed C. satisfied D. relieved
A. wisdom B. curiosity C. weakness D. sympathy
A. ripe B. tough C. lonely D. precious
A. worry about B. rely on C. learn from D. show off
A. difficult B. super C. gifted D. regular
A. forgot B. declared C. discovered D. sensed
A. Hopefully B. Suddenly. C. Gratefully D. Seriously
A. reduced B. caused C. followed D. removed
A. answer B. doubt C. reason D. mercy
A. guilty B. annoyed C. confused D. innocent
A. blame B. screen C. respect D. favor
A. offer B. finish C. continue D. quit
A. faith B. will C. bond D. conflict
A. completeB. temporary C.unfair D.unbearable
第二节(共10小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分15分)
Xuan paper , known as one of the Four Treasures of Study,first came into 61(exist) in Xuan Prefecture in the Tang dynasty. The traditional skill of making the paper 62 hand has been passed down through generations. The process takes as many as 108 steps , all of 63 require a level of delicacy.
Take papermaking master Zhou Donghong, for example. He uses a fine screen to filter (过滤) a mixture of water and fibers. He lifts it up, and it’s a sheet of paper. It takes him and his partner only 15 seconds 64 (form) and shape it, but they’ve devoted 65 (they) to perfecting the skills for decades.
“There are a lot of tricks of filtering the fibers, and timing is 66 (difficult) part of all. We have only one chance to filter the right amount of fibers , and only the proper weight guarantees the paper is neither too thin nor too thick, and the margin(差额) for error is 67( extreme ) small, ”said Zhou. With just the right degree of thickness, top quality Xuan paper holds ink and tightly.
The skill of papermaking, 68 (recognize) as a national treasure, has also proven to be an international one. We felt 69 great sense of pride as it was listed as a world intangible culture heritage (非物质文化遗产) by UNESCO in 2009. Since then, in Jingxian County, Xuan papermaking 70 (teach) in schools.
第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分，满分10分)
Last Saturday our class went hiking in a countryside. We meet at our school gate and set off at 8:00 am. On the way, we were singing and laughing happily while a girl suddenly fell into a deep hole. She felt so frightening and even burst into tears. One of my classmate found a long rope and we finally got him out. Fortunately , she didn’t suffer seriously injuries, but it seemed that her ankle slightly twisted. We managed to sending her to the nearest hospital. It is an experience we’ll never forget it, though we didn’t enjoy ourselves very much that day.
假定你是李华，你的英国朋友 Tim 很喜欢中央电视台去年首播的《中国诗词大会》(the Chinese Poetry Competition )这档电视节目，并想学习中国古诗词，请给他写封邮件，内容包括：