• 英语 2018年高三云南省第三次模拟试题
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题30分,共150分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从115各题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项。

        There once lived a young man who was always unhappy and complained about his poverty.One day, he went to see a fortune teller to inquire how to become __1__.The fortune teller said, “Young man, you are already wealthy now.”

        “Where is my wealth?” the young man asked __2__.

        “It is with you.Your __3__ is (are) your wealth.You use them to see this world.You use them to see all the __4__ things in this world.You can read, study and learn.Your hands are your wealth.You can use them to work.You can use them to hug your beloved ones.Your __5__ are your wealth.You can go to any places...” the fortune teller said.

        “You call these wealth?Everyone has them,” the young man said.

        “These are wealth.What you have now are not what others can luckily have.Are you __6__ to give your eyes to me? I am willing to give you a lot of money to __7__ for them,” the fortune teller said.

        “No, are you crazy? I am not going to exchange my eyes for money! They are __8__ to me!” the young man __9__.

        “Precisely, these are wealth to you.You will not exchange them for money.Furthermore, although a lot of people have their wealthy things, they do not __10__ them or treasure them.They are not __11__ to Heaven for giving them their wealth.They even complain that Heaven is unfair to them.Do you want to __12__ one of them before you will treasure them?” the fortune teller said.

        Everyone is wealthy.But we should not __13__ it for granted.We need to treasure our wealth, take care of it and use it __14__.We should not overuse it because once it is __15__, it is gone forever.Remember it is our wealth that we do not want to lose.

1.

    A.happy          B.young   

    C.wealthy     D.poor

2.

    A.anxiously     B.sadly    

    C.quietly       D.patiently

3.

    A.knowledge  B.skills    

    C.brain         D.eyes

4.

    A.ugly             B.beautiful       

    C.strange     D.useful

5.

    A.legs              B.cars           

    C.jewels        D.banknotes

6.

    A.lovely           B.optimistic      

    C.angry         D.willing

7.

    A.charge          B.buy      

    C.exchange   D.change

8.

    A.precious       B.useless        

    C.extra          D.special

9.

    A.wept             B.demonstrated    

    C.smiled        D.yelled

10.

    A.see                B.realize          

    C.keep           D.hold

11.

    A.grateful         B.careful    

    C.meaningful   D.faithful

12.

    A.get                B.grasp     

    C.have           D.lose

13.

    A.take               B.make     

    C.set              D.sell

14.

    A.wrongly        B.wisely    

    C.naturally     D.really

15.

    A.old                B.used     

    C.gone          D.dead

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

        In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary.Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear (16)________ spoken.Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation.(17)________, we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it.We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct.

        There is no easy way to success (18)________ language learning.(19)________ good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only (20)________ (memorize) rules from a grammar book.It is no much use learning by heart long lists of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on.We must learn (21)________ using the language.(22)________ we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language.“Learn through use” is a good piece of (23)________ (advise) for those (24)________ are studying a new language.Practice is important.We must practise speaking and (25)________ (write) the language whenever we can.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)

    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。

    首先请阅读下列运动学校、中心或俱乐部的信息:

        ARiding School: You can start horse­riding at any age.Choose private or group lessons any weekday between 9 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. (3:30 p.m. on Saturdays).There are 10 kilometres of tracks and paths for leisurely rides across farmland and open country.You will need a riding hat.

        BSailing Club: Our Young Sailor's Course leads to the Stage 1 Sailing qualification.You'll learn how to sail safely and the course also covers sailing theory and first aid.Have fun with other course members afterwards in the clubroom.There are 10 weekly two­hour lessons (Tuesdays 6 p.m.-8 p.m.).

        CDiving Centre: Our experienced instructors offer one­month courses in deep­sea diving for beginners.There are two evening lessons a week, in which you learn to breathe underwater and use the equipment safely.You only need a swimming costume and towel.Reduced rates for couples.

        DTennis Club: Learn to play tennis in the heart of the city and have fun at our tennis weekends.Arrive on Friday evening, learn the basic rules on Saturday and play in a competition on Sunday.There's also a disco and swimming pool.White tennis clothes and a racket are required.

        EWater sports Club: We use a two­kilometre length of river for speedboat racing, and water­skiing.A beginners' course consists of ten 20­minute lessons.You will learn to handle boats safely and confidently, but must be able to swim.The club is in a convenient central position and is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., with lessons all through the day.

        FGolf Club: After a three­hour introduction with a professional golfer, you can join this golf club.The course is built on beautiful country hills and is open from dawn until dusk daily.There are regular social evenings on Saturdays in the club bar.You will need your own golf equipment.

以下是五位运动爱好者的信息。请将他们与适合他们加入的运动学校中心或俱乐部匹配起来。

    46Jack Anderson.Jack works in the city centre and wants to take up a sport that he can do regularly in his lunch hour.He enjoys activities which are fast and a bit dangerous.

    47Margaret Lillian.Margaret already plays golf at weekends.Now she has retired and wants to learn a new activity she can do in the countryside in the mornings.

    48Peter Florian.In six weeks' time, Peter is having a holiday on a Thailand island, where he plans to explore the ocean depths.He has a 9­to­5 job and wants to prepare for this holiday after work.

    49Alice Fingelhamm.Alice is 16.She wants to do an activity one evening a week and get a certificate at the end.She would also like to make new friends.

    50Lynne Nagata.Lynne has a well­paid but stressful job.She would like to take up a sport which she can do outside the city each weekend.She also wants to get to know some new people.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节 基础写作(共1小题,满分15分)

    近年微博(microblog)在中国越来越流行。假设你是校报记者,请根据下列提示为校报写一篇介绍微博的英语短文。

[写作内容]

    1非常方便,人们可以随时利用微博来表达心声,交流想法;

    2给人们提供了一种释放压力的方式;

    3与朋友分享心情,增进他们之间的了解;

    4也有潜在的危险,有可能泄露个人隐私或其他重要信息;

    5综上所述,使用微博要谨慎。

[写作要求]

    1只能用5个句子表达全部内容;

    2短文的开头已给出,不计入总句数。

[评分标准]

    句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

Microblog has become part of our life.

________________________________________________________________________

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)

    阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

        A poor boy had one penny left.He was so hungry that he decided to beg for a meal at the next house.A lovely young woman opened the door.She thought he looked hungry and brought him a large glass of milk.He drank it slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you?” “You don't owe me anything.” She replied.“Mother has taught me never to accept pay for a kindness.” As Howard Kelly left that house, he felt stronger physically and mentally.

        Years later the young woman became critically ill and was sent to a big hospital.Dr.Howard Kelly now famous, was called in for the consultation.He recognized her at once and he was determined to do his best to save her life.

        After a long struggle, the battle was won.Dr.Kelly requested the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval.He looked at it and then wrote something on it.The bill was sent to her room.She opened it, and the note on the side of the bill caught her attention: “Paid in full with a glass of milk, (signed) Dr.Howard Kelly.”

[写作内容]

    1以约30词概括上文的主要内容;

    2以约120词谈谈你阅读了该故事后的感受,内容包括:

    (1)你从这个故事领悟到什么道理?

    (2)当你遇到困难时,你的朋友是怎么做的?

    (3)你是如何报答你朋友的帮助的?

[写作要求]

    1作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

    2作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

[评分标准]

概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题2分,共40分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        In today's Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow.Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia.Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems.Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

        This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea.The country has the world's highest percentage of high­speed Internet services.It also has a high number of online game players and related problems.It was once reported that a young man collapsed (突然晕倒) and died while playing online games.He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet cafe.Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life.A 12­year­old boy stole US $ 16000 from his father and ran away from home.He did this to continue his obsession  (着迷) with online game.Such problems, however, don't just happen in South Korea.They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

        What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction.She discovered some signs of at­risk individuals such as lack friendship and good social skills.Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school and family.They feel the need to spend more and more time online.And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

        How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming.Just in 2004, China has had 13.8 million online game players according to China Daily.Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction.Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

        Make sure to keep control over your online game playing.If you don't control it, it can get control of you.

The underlined word “diversion” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.

Asolution

Bcomfort

Cescape

Dsupport

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        In today's Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow.Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia.Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems.Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

        This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea.The country has the world's highest percentage of high­speed Internet services.It also has a high number of online game players and related problems.It was once reported that a young man collapsed (突然晕倒) and died while playing online games.He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet cafe.Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life.A 12­year­old boy stole US $ 16000 from his father and ran away from home.He did this to continue his obsession  (着迷) with online game.Such problems, however, don't just happen in South Korea.They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

        What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction.She discovered some signs of at­risk individuals such as lack friendship and good social skills.Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school and family.They feel the need to spend more and more time online.And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

        How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming.Just in 2004, China has had 13.8 million online game players according to China Daily.Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction.Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

        Make sure to keep control over your online game playing.If you don't control it, it can get control of you.

The examples in the second paragraph tell us that ________.

Athe side effects are caused by high­speed Internet services

Bonline game playing can even cause death

Conline games have caused much damage to young people

Dthe teenage boy can't resist the temptation of the online games

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        In today's Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow.Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia.Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems.Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

        This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea.The country has the world's highest percentage of high­speed Internet services.It also has a high number of online game players and related problems.It was once reported that a young man collapsed (突然晕倒) and died while playing online games.He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet cafe.Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life.A 12­year­old boy stole US $ 16000 from his father and ran away from home.He did this to continue his obsession  (着迷) with online game.Such problems, however, don't just happen in South Korea.They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

        What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction.She discovered some signs of at­risk individuals such as lack friendship and good social skills.Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school and family.They feel the need to spend more and more time online.And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

        How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming.Just in 2004, China has had 13.8 million online game players according to China Daily.Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction.Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

        Make sure to keep control over your online game playing.If you don't control it, it can get control of you.

According to Dr SueHuei Chen, what can we do to prevent game addiction?

ALimit the speed of the Internet services.

BSacrifice things such as school and family.

CSpend more and more time online.

DCare much for the young and improve their ability to get along with others.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        In today's Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow.Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia.Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems.Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

        This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea.The country has the world's highest percentage of high­speed Internet services.It also has a high number of online game players and related problems.It was once reported that a young man collapsed (突然晕倒) and died while playing online games.He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet cafe.Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life.A 12­year­old boy stole US $ 16000 from his father and ran away from home.He did this to continue his obsession  (着迷) with online game.Such problems, however, don't just happen in South Korea.They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

        What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction.She discovered some signs of at­risk individuals such as lack friendship and good social skills.Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school and family.They feel the need to spend more and more time online.And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

        How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming.Just in 2004, China has had 13.8 million online game players according to China Daily.Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction.Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

        Make sure to keep control over your online game playing.If you don't control it, it can get control of you.

We can conclude from the passage that ________.

Athe demand for online services continues to grow

BChina is fighting a battle against online games

Cthe problems caused by online games don't just exist in South Korea

Din the year 2004 there were a total of 13.8 million Chinese visiting the Internet

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        In today's Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow.Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia.Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems.Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

        This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea.The country has the world's highest percentage of high­speed Internet services.It also has a high number of online game players and related problems.It was once reported that a young man collapsed (突然晕倒) and died while playing online games.He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet cafe.Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life.A 12­year­old boy stole US $ 16000 from his father and ran away from home.He did this to continue his obsession  (着迷) with online game.Such problems, however, don't just happen in South Korea.They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

        What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction.She discovered some signs of at­risk individuals such as lack friendship and good social skills.Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school and family.They feel the need to spend more and more time online.And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

        How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming.Just in 2004, China has had 13.8 million online game players according to China Daily.Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction.Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

        Make sure to keep control over your online game playing.If you don't control it, it can get control of you.

What's the best title for the passage?

AInternet Problem

BAddiction to online Game

CProblem People in the World

DOnline Game Can Control People

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        I had the meanest mother in the world.While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal, eggs and toast.Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich.As you can guess, my supper was different than the other kids'.But at least I was not alone in my suffering.My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.

        My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times.She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing.We had to wear clean clothes every day.Other kids always wore their clothes for days.We reached the height of disgrace because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.

        The worst is yet to come.We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning.So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law.She made us work.I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us.Through the years, our friends' report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing.My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks.None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout.

        She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults.Using this as a background, I'm now trying to bring up my three children.I'm filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.

From the passage we can learn that the writer's motherwas ________.

Anot generous at all

Bvery strict with her children

Cvery mean with money matters

Dvery cruel to her children

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        I had the meanest mother in the world.While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal, eggs and toast.Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich.As you can guess, my supper was different than the other kids'.But at least I was not alone in my suffering.My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.

        My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times.She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing.We had to wear clean clothes every day.Other kids always wore their clothes for days.We reached the height of disgrace because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.

        The worst is yet to come.We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning.So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law.She made us work.I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us.Through the years, our friends' report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing.My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks.None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout.

        She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults.Using this as a background, I'm now trying to bring up my three children.I'm filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.

Which of the following things did the writer hate to do most?

AEating differently from other kids.

BWearing clean clothes made by mother.

CGoing to bed early and getting up early.

DLetting mother know where they were.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        I had the meanest mother in the world.While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal, eggs and toast.Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich.As you can guess, my supper was different than the other kids'.But at least I was not alone in my suffering.My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.

        My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times.She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing.We had to wear clean clothes every day.Other kids always wore their clothes for days.We reached the height of disgrace because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.

        The worst is yet to come.We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning.So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law.She made us work.I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us.Through the years, our friends' report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing.My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks.None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout.

        She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults.Using this as a background, I'm now trying to bring up my three children.I'm filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.

It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

Athe writer worked hard and usually got good grades in studies

Bmother was punished for breaking the Labor Law

Call the other kids studied better than the writer

Dthe writer's family lived a miserable life

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        I had the meanest mother in the world.While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal, eggs and toast.Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich.As you can guess, my supper was different than the other kids'.But at least I was not alone in my suffering.My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.

        My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times.She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing.We had to wear clean clothes every day.Other kids always wore their clothes for days.We reached the height of disgrace because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.

        The worst is yet to come.We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning.So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law.She made us work.I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us.Through the years, our friends' report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing.My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks.None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout.

        She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults.Using this as a background, I'm now trying to bring up my three children.I'm filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.

Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

AMother practised economy in running her home.

BThe writer is very thankful for her mother.

CThe writer is severe with her children when bringing them up.

DThe wrier has a deep hatred for her mother.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        I had the meanest mother in the world.While other kids ate candy for breakfast, I had to have cereal, eggs and toast.Others had cokes and candy for lunch, while we had to eat a sandwich.As you can guess, my supper was different than the other kids'.But at least I was not alone in my suffering.My sister and two brothers had the same mean mother as I did.

        My mother insisted on knowing where we were at all times.She had to know who our friends were and what we were doing.We had to wear clean clothes every day.Other kids always wore their clothes for days.We reached the height of disgrace because she made our clothes herself, just to save money.

        The worst is yet to come.We had to be in bed by 9:00 each night and up at 7:45 the next morning.So while my friends slept, my mother actually had the courage to break Child Labor Law.She made us work.I believed she lay awake all night thinking up mean things to do to us.Through the years, our friends' report cards had beautiful colors on them, black for passing, red for failing.My mother, however, would merely be content with black marks.None of us was allowed the pleasure of being a dropout.

        She forced us to grow up into educated and honest adults.Using this as a background, I'm now trying to bring up my three children.I'm filled with pride when my children think I am mean because now I thank God every day for giving me the meanest mother in the world.

The passage was written in a way of ________ tone.

Ahumorous

Bhateful

Cridiculous

Dcritical

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                                C

        The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem (生态系统).Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big plant­eater, it largely shapes the forest­and­savanna (稀树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting_the_terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat.

        It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant­eaters.

        Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant­eaters to move around and for small plant­eaters to get their food as well.

        What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.

What is the passage mainly about?

ADisappearance of African elephants.

BForests and savannas as habitats for African elephants.

CThe effect of African elephants' search for food.

DThe eating habit of African elephants.

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                                C

        The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem (生态系统).Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big plant­eater, it largely shapes the forest­and­savanna (稀树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting_the_terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat.

        It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant­eaters.

        Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant­eaters to move around and for small plant­eaters to get their food as well.

        What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.

What does the underlined phrase “setting the terms” most probably mean?

AFixing the time.

BWorsening the state.

CImproving the quality.

DDeciding the conditions.

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                                C

        The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem (生态系统).Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big plant­eater, it largely shapes the forest­and­savanna (稀树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting_the_terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat.

        It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant­eaters.

        Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant­eaters to move around and for small plant­eaters to get their food as well.

        What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.

What do we know about the open spaces in the passage?

AThey result from the destruction of rain forests.

BThey provide food mainly for African elephants.

CThey are home to many endangered animals.

DThey are attractive to plant­eating animals of different kinds.

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                                C

        The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem (生态系统).Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big plant­eater, it largely shapes the forest­and­savanna (稀树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting_the_terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat.

        It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant­eaters.

        Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant­eaters to move around and for small plant­eaters to get their food as well.

        What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.

According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

AThe African elephant is the largest animal on earth.

BAfrican elephants have 300 pounds of plants every day, including small trees and under bushes.

CThe African elephant is in a way the builder of the environment like other land animals.

DIf the African elephant disappears, the whole ecosystem won't be affected.

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                                C

        The African elephant, the largest land animal remaining on earth, is of great importance to African ecosystem (生态系统).Unlike other animals, the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big plant­eater, it largely shapes the forest­and­savanna (稀树草原) surroundings in which it lives, therefore setting_the_terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat.

        It is the elephant's great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day, it kills small trees and underbushes, and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other plant­eaters.

        Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state, the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants, elephants make open spaces, allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations, the forests become suitable for large hoofed plant­eaters to move around and for small plant­eaters to get their food as well.

        What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears, scientists say, many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna, greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.

The passage is developed mainly by ________.

Ashowing the effect and then explaining the causes

Bpointing out similarities and differences

Cdescribing the changes in space order

Dgiving examples

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                                D

        When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me.I've lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot­ups all the time.I know kids who have been shot or beaten up.I have friends who ended up in prison.I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr.Clark wouldn't let that happen.

        Mr.Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work.My grades rose.In fact, the scores of our whole class rose.One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem.Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full.We did not want to let him down.

        Mr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year.He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award.But when the time came to draw names, Mr.Clark said, “You're all going.”

        On graduation day, there were a lot of tears.We didn't want his class to end.In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch.He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a best­selling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55, in 2003.

        Mr.Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院).It was the most amazing experience of my life.It's now my dream to one day start a group of women's clubs, helping people from all backgrounds.

Without Mr.Clark, the writer ________.

Amight have been put into prison

Bmight not have won the prize

Cmight have joined a women's club

Dmight not have moved to Atlanta

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                                D

        When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me.I've lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot­ups all the time.I know kids who have been shot or beaten up.I have friends who ended up in prison.I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr.Clark wouldn't let that happen.

        Mr.Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work.My grades rose.In fact, the scores of our whole class rose.One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem.Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full.We did not want to let him down.

        Mr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year.He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award.But when the time came to draw names, Mr.Clark said, “You're all going.”

        On graduation day, there were a lot of tears.We didn't want his class to end.In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch.He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a best­selling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55, in 2003.

        Mr.Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院).It was the most amazing experience of my life.It's now my dream to one day start a group of women's clubs, helping people from all backgrounds.

The Essential 55 is ________.

Aa show

Ba speech

Ca classroom rule

Da book

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                                D

        When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me.I've lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot­ups all the time.I know kids who have been shot or beaten up.I have friends who ended up in prison.I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr.Clark wouldn't let that happen.

        Mr.Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work.My grades rose.In fact, the scores of our whole class rose.One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem.Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full.We did not want to let him down.

        Mr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year.He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award.But when the time came to draw names, Mr.Clark said, “You're all going.”

        On graduation day, there were a lot of tears.We didn't want his class to end.In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch.He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a best­selling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55, in 2003.

        Mr.Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院).It was the most amazing experience of my life.It's now my dream to one day start a group of women's clubs, helping people from all backgrounds.

How many students' names were finally drawn out of a hat by Mr.Clark?

ANone.

BThree.

CFifty­five.

DAll.

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                                D

        When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me.I've lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot­ups all the time.I know kids who have been shot or beaten up.I have friends who ended up in prison.I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr.Clark wouldn't let that happen.

        Mr.Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work.My grades rose.In fact, the scores of our whole class rose.One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem.Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full.We did not want to let him down.

        Mr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year.He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award.But when the time came to draw names, Mr.Clark said, “You're all going.”

        On graduation day, there were a lot of tears.We didn't want his class to end.In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch.He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a best­selling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55, in 2003.

        Mr.Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院).It was the most amazing experience of my life.It's now my dream to one day start a group of women's clubs, helping people from all backgrounds.

What can we learn in the short reading?

AIt was in Harlem that we saw The Phantom of the Opera for the first time.

BMr.Clark taught us not to talk with our mouths full, and we did.

CMr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year in Los Angeles.

DIn 2003, Mr.Clark moved to Atlanta, and he always kept in touch with us.

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                                D

        When I met him, I had a lot of anger inside of me.I've lived my whole life in Spanish Harlem, but in my neighborhood, there are shoot­ups all the time.I know kids who have been shot or beaten up.I have friends who ended up in prison.I could have ended up that way, too, but Mr.Clark wouldn't let that happen.

        Mr.Clark worked long hours, making sure I did my work.My grades rose.In fact, the scores of our whole class rose.One day, he took our class to see The Phantom of the Opera, and it was the first time some kids had ever been out of Harlem.Before the show, he treated us to dinner at a restaurant and taught us not to talk with our mouths full.We did not want to let him down.

        Mr.Clark was selected as Disney's 2000 Teacher of the Year.He said he would draw three names out of a hat; those students would go with him to Los Angeles to get the award.But when the time came to draw names, Mr.Clark said, “You're all going.”

        On graduation day, there were a lot of tears.We didn't want his class to end.In 2001, he moved to Atlanta, but he always kept in touch.He started giving lectures about education, and wrote a best­selling book based on his classroom rules, The Essential 55, in 2003.

        Mr.Clark took some of us on a trip to South Africa to deliver school supplies and visit the orphanages (孤儿院).It was the most amazing experience of my life.It's now my dream to one day start a group of women's clubs, helping people from all backgrounds.

In the passage, the writer intends to tell us that ________.

AMr.Clark went to South Africa because he liked travelling

BMr.Clark helped to set up a group of women's clubs

Ca good teacher can help raise his or her students' scores

Da good teacher has a good influence on his or her students

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