• 英语 2018年高三北京市第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节:单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,共15分)

(从A B C D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。)

I live next door to a couple ______ children often make a lot of noise.

Awhose

Bwhy

Cwhere

Dwhich

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— Jeff, what’s up? You are not yourself today.

— Oh, mom. I really wish I ______ the chance but I failed.

Ahad got

Bwould get

Cwill get

Dgot

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I think _____ impresses me about his painting is the colors he uses.

Awhat

Bthat

Cwhich

Dwho

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_____ in the poorest area, he had a long, hard road to becoming a football star.

ABeing raised

BRaising

CRaised

DTo raise

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I didn’t know your mobile phone number; otherwise I ______ you the moment I got to Canada.

Awould ring

Bwould have rung

Chad rung

Drang

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The pianist ______ a love for music when he was a little boy.

Awas developed

Bdeveloped

Chad developed

Dhas developed

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The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras _____ to our shop for quality problems.

Areturning

Breturned

Cto return

Dto be returned

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Listening to music at home is one thing, going to hear it _____ live is quite another.

Aperform

Bperforming

Cto perform

Dbeing performed

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— Can I come over in an hour?

— Sorry, I _______ the house.

Awill clean

Bam cleaning

Cclean

Dwill be cleaning

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_____ the past year as an exchange student in Hong Kong, Linda appears more mature than those of her age.

ASpending

BSpent

CHaving spent

DTo spend

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If I ______ the project earlier, I would be enjoying myself on the beach now.

Amight finish

Bfinished

Chad finished

Dwould have finished

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I know little about the accident because not much ______ about it up to now.

Ahas said

Bhas been said

Chad said

Dhad been said

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Remember me to your parents when you _______ them.

Aare calling

Bcall

Cwill call

Dhave called

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_____ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year.

AAs

BWhen

CEven though

DIn case

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The church tower which _____ will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished.

Ahas restored        

Bhas been restored

Cis restoring

Dis being restored

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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A B C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

            AProper Care and Use of a Microscope

    A microscope is a useful instrument for observing small objects. It shows people the details that are undetectable when they observe with their own eyes. Before using the microscope, please read the instruction below. 

Caution: 

Microscopes are both delicate and expensive, and must be handled with care. 

1.Always carry the microscope with two hands—one supporting the base and the other on the arm.

2.Keep the stage clean and always use a glass slide for specimens, the things tested or examined.

3.To avoid pressing the glass slide when focusing, begin with the lens (镜头) close to the specimen and gradually back off to focus.

4.Keep the microscope covered to prevent the buildup of dust while it is being stored.

How to Use the Microscope: 

1. Plug in the lamp.

2.Place a specimen on a slide.

3.Adjust the mirror so it reflects light from the room up into the objective lens.

4.Place your slide with the specimen directly over the center of the glass circle on the stage. If it is a wet slide, be sure the bottom of the slide is dry. 

5.With the LOW POWER objective lens placed over the slide, use the coarse focus knob to lower the lens to the lowest point. 

6.Look through the eyepiece with one eye while closing the other eye. Slowly raise the lens until the focus is relatively clear.

7.Use the fine focus knob to make very small changes to the focus. 

8.Without changing the focus knobs, switch to the HIGH POWER objective lens. Once you haveswitched to HIGH POWER, use only the fine focus knob to make the image sharper.

When using a microscope, you should use a glass slide for specimens to ______.

Akeep the stage clean

Bavoid pressing the lens

Cprevent the buildup of dust

Dsupport the base and the arm

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               AProper Care and Use of a Microscope

A microscope is a useful instrument for observing small objects. It shows people the details that are undetectable when they observe with their own eyes. Before using the microscope, please read the instruction below. 

Caution: 

Microscopes are both delicate and expensive, and must be handled with care. 

1.Always carry the microscope with two hands—one supporting the base and the other on the arm.

2.Keep the stage clean and always use a glass slide for specimens, the things tested or examined.

3.To avoid pressing the glass slide when focusing, begin with the lens (镜头) close to the specimen and gradually back off to focus.

4.Keep the microscope covered to prevent the buildup of dust while it is being stored.

How to Use the Microscope: 

1.Plug in the lamp.

2.Place a specimen on a slide.

3.Adjust the mirror so it reflects light from the room up into the objective lens.

4.Place your slide with the specimen directly over the center of the glass circle on the stage. If it is a wet slide, be sure the bottom of the slide is dry. 

5.With the LOW POWER objective lens placed over the slide, use the coarse focus knob to lower the lens to the lowest point. 

6.Look through the eyepiece with one eye while closing the other eye. Slowly raise the lens until the focus is relatively clear.

7.Use the fine focus knob to make very small changes to the focus. 

8.Without changing the focus knobs, switch to the HIGH POWER objective lens. Once you haveswitched to HIGH POWER, use only the fine focus knob to make the image sharper.

When observing onion cells on a slide, which of the following should you do first?

ALower the lens.

BAdjust the mirror.

CTurn the fine focus knob.

DLook through the eyepiece.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                AProper Care and Use of a Microscope

     A microscope is a useful instrument for observing small objects. It shows people the details that are undetectable when they observe with their own eyes. Before using the microscope, please read the instruction below. 

Caution: 

Microscopes are both delicate and expensive, and must be handled with care. 

1Always carry the microscope with two hands—one supporting the base and the other on the arm.

2Keep the stage clean and always use a glass slide for specimens, the things tested or examined.

3To avoid pressing the glass slide when focusing, begin with the lens (镜头) close to the specimen and gradually back off to focus.

4 Keep the microscope covered to prevent the buildup of dust while it is being stored.

How to Use the Microscope: 

1.Plug in the lamp.

2.Place a specimen on a slide.

3.Adjust the mirror so it reflects light from the room up into the objective lens.

4.Place your slide with the specimen directly over the center of the glass circle on the stage. If it is a wet slide, be sure the bottom of the slide is dry. 

5.With the LOW POWER objective lens placed over the slide, use the coarse focus knob to lower the lens to the lowest point. 

6.Look through the eyepiece with one eye while closing the other eye. Slowly raise the lens until the focus is relatively clear.

7.Use the fine focus knob to make very small changes to the focus. 

8.Without changing the focus knobs, switch to the HIGH POWER objective lens. Once you haveswitched to HIGH POWER, use only the fine focus knob to make the image sharper.

What is the main purpose of this passage?

ATo show the reader the various parts of a microscope.

BTo persuade the reader to buy this type of microscope.

CTo instruct the reader how to use a microscope with care.

DTo show the reader some advantages of using a microscope.

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                                       B

                                 Gift Idea

    The other day I was shopping for Grandma when I realized I had no gift ideas at all. It was not a birthday gift or anything like that. It was simply sort of a hello gift. That is how we do things in my family. We don’t really give gifts for special occasions. Instead, we occasionally just give presents to each other to tell other people that we are thinking about them. 

    That was why I wanted a gift for Grandma. But it was like my imagination had dried up. I have gone through all of the gift ideas in previous years, fruits, wines, cheeses, little handmade crafts, and anything else that you can give to a grandmother. I had even given her gift watches, and CDs. What else was there? 

    I have always found gift ideas for men a little bit easier than for women, because for men, you can always get the usual things, such as video games, power tools and things like that. With a woman’s gift idea, however, you have to know more about her. You cannot just get someone a book or a CD. You have to know all about her taste in movies, music, and literature. 

    My grandmother likes to read a lot, but what she likes is always pretty popular. I didn’t want to get her a book that she might not like, but I was running out of time. I needed a gift idea for this weekend and went to visit her. After all, I hadn’t seen her for a long time. I wanted to give her a gift so she would not feel ignored. 

    Finally, I came up with the perfect gift idea. I made a collection of all the stories I had written in the past year. It wasn’t a typical gift idea like a bunch of flowers, but it really worked in the situation. You see, I am a writer and my grandma has always been my fan. Anyway, I had been learning about bookbinding recently, and had pretty much mastered the art. I figured that I would add a little bit of handmade artwork to the stories, bind it altogether, and give it to her. It took hours to complete, but it was well worth the effort. She absolutely loved it.

The writer chose a gift for Grandma to _____.

Acelebrate a special family occasion

Bplease her during a weekend visit

Ccongratulate her on her birthday

Dbeg her pardon for ignoring her

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                                       B

                                 Gift Idea

    The other day I was shopping for Grandma when I realized I had no gift ideas at all. It was not a birthday gift or anything like that. It was simply sort of a hello gift. That is how we do things in my family. We don’t really give gifts for special occasions. Instead, we occasionally just give presents to each other to tell other people that we are thinking about them. 

    That was why I wanted a gift for Grandma. But it was like my imagination had dried up. I have gone through all of the gift ideas in previous years, fruits, wines, cheeses, little handmade crafts, and anything else that you can give to a grandmother. I had even given her gift watches, and CDs. What else was there? 

    I have always found gift ideas for men a little bit easier than for women, because for men, you can always get the usual things, such as video games, power tools and things like that. With a woman’s gift idea, however, you have to know more about her. You cannot just get someone a book or a CD. You have to know all about her taste in movies, music, and literature. 

    My grandmother likes to read a lot, but what she likes is always pretty popular. I didn’t want to get her a book that she might not like, but I was running out of time. I needed a gift idea for this weekend and went to visit her. After all, I hadn’t seen her for a long time. I wanted to give her a gift so she would not feel ignored. 

    Finally, I came up with the perfect gift idea. I made a collection of all the stories I had written in the past year. It wasn’t a typical gift idea like a bunch of flowers, but it really worked in the situation. You see, I am a writer and my grandma has always been my fan. Anyway, I had been learning about bookbinding recently, and had pretty much mastered the art. I figured that I would add a little bit of handmade artwork to the stories, bind it altogether, and give it to her. It took hours to complete, but it was well worth the effort. She absolutely loved it.

What gift did the writer finally decide to give his grandma?

AGift watches.

BA bunch of flowers.

CArtwork made by hand.

DStories written by himself.

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                                       B

                                 Gift Idea

    The other day I was shopping for Grandma when I realized I had no gift ideas at all. It was not a birthday gift or anything like that. It was simply sort of a hello gift. That is how we do things in my family. We don’t really give gifts for special occasions. Instead, we occasionally just give presents to each other to tell other people that we are thinking about them. 

    That was why I wanted a gift for Grandma. But it was like my imagination had dried up. I have gone through all of the gift ideas in previous years, fruits, wines, cheeses, little handmade crafts, and anything else that you can give to a grandmother. I had even given her gift watches, and CDs. What else was there? 

    I have always found gift ideas for men a little bit easier than for women, because for men, you can always get the usual things, such as video games, power tools and things like that. With a woman’s gift idea, however, you have to know more about her. You cannot just get someone a book or a CD. You have to know all about her taste in movies, music, and literature. 

    My grandmother likes to read a lot, but what she likes is always pretty popular. I didn’t want to get her a book that she might not like, but I was running out of time. I needed a gift idea for this weekend and went to visit her. After all, I hadn’t seen her for a long time. I wanted to give her a gift so she would not feel ignored. 

    Finally, I came up with the perfect gift idea. I made a collection of all the stories I had written in the past year. It wasn’t a typical gift idea like a bunch of flowers, but it really worked in the situation. You see, I am a writer and my grandma has always been my fan. Anyway, I had been learning about bookbinding recently, and had pretty much mastered the art. I figured that I would add a little bit of handmade artwork to the stories, bind it altogether, and give it to her. It took hours to complete, but it was well worth the effort. She absolutely loved it.

We can learn from the passage that _____.

Athe writer is a successful novelist

Bmost people are particular about gifts

Cthe writer’s grandma has a good taste in art

Dthe writer’s family will give gifts on regular days

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                                       B

                                 Gift Idea

    The other day I was shopping for Grandma when I realized I had no gift ideas at all. It was not a birthday gift or anything like that. It was simply sort of a hello gift. That is how we do things in my family. We don’t really give gifts for special occasions. Instead, we occasionally just give presents to each other to tell other people that we are thinking about them. 

    That was why I wanted a gift for Grandma. But it was like my imagination had dried up. I have gone through all of the gift ideas in previous years, fruits, wines, cheeses, little handmade crafts, and anything else that you can give to a grandmother. I had even given her gift watches, and CDs. What else was there? 

    I have always found gift ideas for men a little bit easier than for women, because for men, you can always get the usual things, such as video games, power tools and things like that. With a woman’s gift idea, however, you have to know more about her. You cannot just get someone a book or a CD. You have to know all about her taste in movies, music, and literature. 

    My grandmother likes to read a lot, but what she likes is always pretty popular. I didn’t want to get her a book that she might not like, but I was running out of time. I needed a gift idea for this weekend and went to visit her. After all, I hadn’t seen her for a long time. I wanted to give her a gift so she would not feel ignored. 

    Finally, I came up with the perfect gift idea. I made a collection of all the stories I had written in the past year. It wasn’t a typical gift idea like a bunch of flowers, but it really worked in the situation. You see, I am a writer and my grandma has always been my fan. Anyway, I had been learning about bookbinding recently, and had pretty much mastered the art. I figured that I would add a little bit of handmade artwork to the stories, bind it altogether, and give it to her. It took hours to complete, but it was well worth the effort. She absolutely loved it.

What does the writer feel about giving gifts to women?

AInteresting.

BChallenging.

CTime-wasting.

DPopular.

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                                           C

    Dogs already guide blind and disabled people and now they are to be trained to help people with dementia. The idea developed by some university students will now be put into practice by Scotland Medical Center. The research is meaningful, for there are 670,000 people in Britain who have dementia and by 2021 this is expected to rise to one million.

    Dementia can make people confuse night and day or forget basic things such as washing or drinking enough water. The dogs would be trained to help to guide them through the day. Joyce Gray from Scotland Medical Center said: “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relatively normal life, and dogs help them to maintain routine.” For example, people with memory loss will tend to forget to take medicine, “but if a dog presents them with a bag with pills in it, there’s a greater chance of them taking it.” Ms. Gray also said dogs were perfectly suited to remind their owners to eat. “Dogs have an ability to say ‘it’s my feeding time’, so there would be a note in the cupboard next to the dog’s food reminding the dog’s owner to eat too.”

    The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks. “It gives a reason for the owner to go out into the community,” Ms. Gray said. “We did a test with an elderly person walking down the high street on his own. Then we gave him a dog on a lead and he did the exact same walk. That time people would come up to him, chatting or smiling and making eye contact. We hope we’d see this with people with dementia too.”

    There is one more advantage of using the pets as companions. Since conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with dementia, dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. Ms. Gray said, “We have found that people may forget familiar faces but not pets. People light up when they see animals. There is a speechless bond between the dog and its owner.”

What’s the common symptom of dementia?

AGoing hungry.

BFeeling lonely.

CForgetting things.

DWaking up at night.

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                                      C

    Dogs already guide blind and disabled people and now they are to be trained to help people with dementia. The idea developed by some university students will now be put into practice by Scotland Medical Center. The research is meaningful, for there are 670,000 people in Britain who have dementia and by 2021 this is expected to rise to one million.

    Dementia can make people confuse night and day or forget basic things such as washing or drinking enough water. The dogs would be trained to help to guide them through the day. Joyce Gray from Scotland Medical Center said: “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relatively normal life, and dogs help them to maintain routine.” For example, people with memory loss will tend to forget to take medicine, “but if a dog presents them with a bag with pills in it, there’s a greater chance of them taking it.” Ms. Gray also said dogs were perfectly suited to remind their owners to eat. “Dogs have an ability to say ‘it’s my feeding time’, so there would be a note in the cupboard next to the dog’s food reminding the dog’s owner to eat too.”

    The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks. “It gives a reason for the owner to go out into the community,” Ms. Gray said. “We did a test with an elderly person walking down the high street on his own. Then we gave him a dog on a lead and he did the exact same walk. That time people would come up to him, chatting or smiling and making eye contact. We hope we’d see this with people with dementia too.”

    There is one more advantage of using the pets as companions. Since conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with dementia, dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. Ms. Gray said, “We have found that people may forget familiar faces but not pets. People light up when they see animals. There is a speechless bond between the dog and its owner.”

Accordingto Ms. Gray, after feeding the pet, the owner may _____. 

Ado some washing

Btake his medicine

Chave something to eat

Dgo out to walk the dog

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                                     C

    Dogs already guide blind and disabled people and now they are to be trained to help people with dementia. The idea developed by some university students will now be put into practice by Scotland Medical Center. The research is meaningful, for there are 670,000 people in Britain who have dementia and by 2021 this is expected to rise to one million.

    Dementia can make people confuse night and day or forget basic things such as washing or drinking enough water. The dogs would be trained to help to guide them through the day. Joyce Gray from Scotland Medical Center said: “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relatively normal life, and dogs help them to maintain routine.” For example, people with memory loss will tend to forget to take medicine, “but if a dog presents them with a bag with pills in it, there’s a greater chance of them taking it.” Ms. Gray also said dogs were perfectly suited to remind their owners to eat. “Dogs have an ability to say ‘it’s my feeding time’, so there would be a note in the cupboard next to the dog’s food reminding the dog’s owner to eat too.”

    The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks. “It gives a reason for the owner to go out into the community,” Ms. Gray said. “We did a test with an elderly person walking down the high street on his own. Then we gave him a dog on a lead and he did the exact same walk. That time people would come up to him, chatting or smiling and making eye contact. We hope we’d see this with people with dementia too.”

    There is one more advantage of using the pets as companions. Since conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with dementia, dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. Ms. Gray said, “We have found that people may forget familiar faces but not pets. People light up when they see animals. There is a speechless bond between the dog and its owner.”

 For people with dementia, pets can _____.

Agive them wordless help

Bcontribute to their recovery

Chelp them to recognize people’s faces

Densure them to gain support from other people

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                                    D

    Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls’ sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. Actually, competitive cheerleading is a sport. 

     A sport is a “physical activity against/with an opponent, governed by rules and conditions under which a winner is declared, and the primary purpose of the competition is a comparison of the relative skills of the participants.” Because cheerleading follows these guidelines, it is a sport.

     Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activities. Like gymnasts, cheerleaders must learn to tumble(翻滚). They perform lifts and tosses. This is where the “fliers” are thrown in the air, held by “bases” in different positions that require strength and cooperation with other teammates. 

     Just as basketball and football have guidelines for competitive play, so does competitive cheerleading. The whole routine has to be completed in less than 3 minutes and 15 seconds and the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area.
        Competitive cheerleaders’ goal is to be the best. Just like gymnasts, they are awarded points for difficulty, creativity and sharpness. The more difficult a mount, the sharper the motions, the better the score. Cheerleading is a team sport so without cooperation, first place is out of reach.
        Cheerleading is the number-one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for cheerleading are five times the number than for any other sport, partially because they do not wear protective gear. While many athletes are equipped with hip pads or helmets, smiling cheerleaders are tossed into the air and spiral down into the arms of trusted teammates. The fliers must remain tight at all times so that their bases can catch them safely. Also, because cheerleading is not yet recognized as a sport by many schools, neither proper matting nor high enough ceilings are provided to ensure safety. Instead, the girls use whatever space is available. More recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport would decrease the number of injuries.
       So why do many Americans not think cheerleading is a sport? Some people argue that cheerleaders are just “flirts in skirts” with their only job to entertain the crowd, but cheerleaders today work just as hard as other athletes.
       Hopefully, cheerleading will become as well-known a sport as football and basketball, and even appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports.

  What does the underlined word “bases” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

AStrength and cooperation.

BLifts and tosses.

CSupporting teammates.

DPhysical activities.

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                                     C

    Dogs already guide blind and disabled people and now they are to be trained to help people with dementia. The idea developed by some university students will now be put into practice by Scotland Medical Center. The research is meaningful, for there are 670,000 people in Britain who have dementia and by 2021 this is expected to rise to one million.

    Dementia can make people confuse night and day or forget basic things such as washing or drinking enough water. The dogs would be trained to help to guide them through the day. Joyce Gray from Scotland Medical Center said: “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relatively normal life, and dogs help them to maintain routine.” For example, people with memory loss will tend to forget to take medicine, “but if a dog presents them with a bag with pills in it, there’s a greater chance of them taking it.” Ms. Gray also said dogs were perfectly suited to remind their owners to eat. “Dogs have an ability to say ‘it’s my feeding time’, so there would be a note in the cupboard next to the dog’s food reminding the dog’s owner to eat too.”

    The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks. “It gives a reason for the owner to go out into the community,” Ms. Gray said. “We did a test with an elderly person walking down the high street on his own. Then we gave him a dog on a lead and he did the exact same walk. That time people would come up to him, chatting or smiling and making eye contact. We hope we’d see this with people with dementia too.”

    There is one more advantage of using the pets as companions. Since conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with dementia, dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. Ms. Gray said, “We have found that people may forget familiar faces but not pets. People light up when they see animals. There is a speechless bond between the dog and its owner.”

What’s the best title for the passage?

AGuide Dogs for the Mind

BPets, Faithful Companions

CMental Support for the Disabled

DDementia, a Curable Disease

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                    D

    Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls’ sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. Actually, competitive cheerleading is a sport. 

     A sport is a “physical activity against/with an opponent, governed by rules and conditions under which a winner is declared, and the primary purpose of the competition is a comparison of the relative skills of the participants.” Because cheerleading follows these guidelines, it is a sport.

     Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activities. Like gymnasts, cheerleaders must learn to tumble(翻滚). They perform lifts and tosses. This is where the “fliers” are thrown in the air, held by “bases” in different positions that require strength and cooperation with other teammates. 

     Just as basketball and football have guidelines for competitive play, so does competitive cheerleading. The whole routine has to be completed in less than 3 minutes and 15 seconds and the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area.

        Competitive cheerleaders’ goal is to be the best. Just like gymnasts, they are awarded points for difficulty, creativity and sharpness. The more difficult a mount, the sharper the motions, the better the score. Cheerleading is a team sport so without cooperation, first place is out of reach. 

        Cheerleading is the number-one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for cheerleading are five times the number than for any other sport, partially because they do not wear protective gear. While many athletes are equipped with hip pads or helmets, smiling cheerleaders are tossed into the air and spiral down into the arms of trusted teammates. The fliers must remain tight at all times so that their bases can catch them safely. Also, because cheerleading is not yet recognized as a sport by many schools, neither proper matting nor high enough ceilings are provided to ensure safety. Instead, the girls use whatever space is available. More recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport would decrease the number of injuries.

       So why do many Americans not think cheerleading is a sport? Some people argue that cheerleaders are just “flirts in skirts” with their only job to entertain the crowd, but cheerleaders today work just as hard as other athletes. 

       Hopefully, cheerleading will become as well-known a sport as football and basketball, and even appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports.

Gymnasts are mentioned in the passage to __________________.

Aexplain the dangers of cheerleading

Bshow their similarities with cheerleaders

Csuggest cheerleaders learn to do gymnastics

Dpresent the guidelines of gymnastic movements

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                                    D

    Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls’ sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. Actually, competitive cheerleading is a sport. 

     A sport is a “physical activity against/with an opponent, governed by rules and conditions under which a winner is declared, and the primary purpose of the competition is a comparison of the relative skills of the participants.” Because cheerleading follows these guidelines, it is a sport.

     Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activities. Like gymnasts, cheerleaders must learn to tumble(翻滚). They perform lifts and tosses. This is where the “fliers” are thrown in the air, held by “bases” in different positions that require strength and cooperation with other teammates. 

     Just as basketball and football have guidelines for competitive play, so does competitive cheerleading. The whole routine has to be completed in less than 3 minutes and 15 seconds and the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area.

        Competitive cheerleaders’ goal is to be the best. Just like gymnasts, they are awarded points for difficulty, creativity and sharpness. The more difficult a mount, the sharper the motions, the better the score. Cheerleading is a team sport so without cooperation, first place is out of reach. 

        Cheerleading is the number-one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for cheerleading are five times the number than for any other sport, partially because they do not wear protective gear. While many athletes are equipped with hip pads or helmets, smiling cheerleaders are tossed into the air and spiral down into the arms of trusted teammates. The fliers must remain tight at all times so that their bases can catch them safely. Also, because cheerleading is not yet recognized as a sport by many schools, neither proper matting nor high enough ceilings are provided to ensure safety. Instead, the girls use whatever space is available. More recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport would decrease the number of injuries.

       So why do many Americans not think cheerleading is a sport? Some people argue that cheerleaders are just “flirts in skirts” with their only job to entertain the crowd, but cheerleaders today work just as hard as other athletes. 

       Hopefully, cheerleading will become as well-known a sport as football and basketball, and even appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports.

It can be learned from the passage that cheerleading _________________.

Ais a good sport for all people

Blacks necessary guidelines to follow

Cis more than a form of entertainment

Denjoys greater popularity than other sports

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                    D

    Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls’ sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. Actually, competitive cheerleading is a sport. 

     A sport is a “physical activity against/with an opponent, governed by rules and conditions under which a winner is declared, and the primary purpose of the competition is a comparison of the relative skills of the participants.” Because cheerleading follows these guidelines, it is a sport.

     Competitive cheerleading includes lots of physical activities. Like gymnasts, cheerleaders must learn to tumble(翻滚). They perform lifts and tosses. This is where the “fliers” are thrown in the air, held by “bases” in different positions that require strength and cooperation with other teammates. 

     Just as basketball and football have guidelines for competitive play, so does competitive cheerleading. The whole routine has to be completed in less than 3 minutes and 15 seconds and the cheerleaders are required to stay within a certain area.

        Competitive cheerleaders’ goal is to be the best. Just like gymnasts, they are awarded points for difficulty, creativity and sharpness. The more difficult a mount, the sharper the motions, the better the score. Cheerleading is a team sport so without cooperation, first place is out of reach. 

        Cheerleading is the number-one cause of serious sports injuries to women. Emergency room visits for cheerleading are five times the number than for any other sport, partially because they do not wear protective gear. While many athletes are equipped with hip pads or helmets, smiling cheerleaders are tossed into the air and spiral down into the arms of trusted teammates. The fliers must remain tight at all times so that their bases can catch them safely. Also, because cheerleading is not yet recognized as a sport by many schools, neither proper matting nor high enough ceilings are provided to ensure safety. Instead, the girls use whatever space is available. More recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport would decrease the number of injuries.

       So why do many Americans not think cheerleading is a sport? Some people argue that cheerleaders are just “flirts in skirts” with their only job to entertain the crowd, but cheerleaders today work just as hard as other athletes. 

       Hopefully, cheerleading will become as well-known a sport as football and basketball, and even appear in the Olympics since cheerleaders are just as athletic and physically fit as those involved in the more accepted sports.

This passage is written mainly to_______.

Aattract more girls to cheerleading

Bdraw people’s attention to cheerleading

Ccall for more recognition of competitive cheerleading as a sport

Dcriticize some Americans who do not think cheerleading as a sport

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共75分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A B C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

                        Music to My Ears

    Robby was 10 for his first piano lesson in my class. Much as he tried, he __36__ even the basic rhythm.However, he dutifully reviewed the pieces that I required.

    Over the months he tried and tried while I __37__ and encouraged him. At the end of each lesson he'd always say, "My mom's going to hear me play some day." __38__ it seemed hopeless.

    I only knew his mother from a __39__as she waited in her aged car to pick him up. Then one day Robby stopped coming. I was secretly __40__ that he stopped because of his lack of ability.

    Weeks later I informed the students, including Robby, of the coming recital(独奏). To my __41__, Robby asked me if he could be included. I told him he really did not qualify because he had __42__ out. He said his mom had been sick and unable to take him to lessons but he was still __43__ . 

    “I've just got to play!" he __44__. Something inside me let me allow him to.

    Then came the recital night. The gym was __45__ with parents. I put Robby up __46__, thinking that I could save his poor performance through my “curtain closer(谢幕).”

    The recital went off smoothly. Then Robby came up on stage. His clothes were wrinkled and his hair was __47__. "Why didn't his mother at least make him comb his hair for this special night?" I thought.

    Robby pulled out the piano bench and began. I was not __48__ for what I heard next. His fingers were __49__ on the keys. Never had I heard Mozart played so well by people of his age. After he ended, everyone was __50__ their feet in wild applause.

    In __51__ I ran up on stage and put my arms around Robby. "I've never heard you play like that, Robby! How did you __52__ it?"

    Robby explained, "Well, Miss Hondorf…remember I told you my mom was sick? …__53__ she had cancer and passed away yesterday. She was born deaf, so tonight she could hear me play in heaven. I wanted to make it special."

    There wasn’t a __54__ eye in the house. That night I felt he was the teacher and I was the pupil, for it was he who taught me the meaning of perseverance and __55__. 

36. 

A. lacked

B. had  

C. showed

D. got

37. 

A. listened

B. learned

C. checked

D. played

38. 

A. And

B. But

C. So

D. Or

39. 

A. conversation

B. performance   

C. distance

D. picture

40. 

A. guilty

B. sad

C. anxious

D. glad

41. 

A. relief

B. surprise

C. pleasure

D. satisfaction

42. 

A. stepped

B. worn

C. run   

D. dropped

43. 

A. acting

B. performing

C. practicing

D. recording

44. 

A. insisted

B. suggested  

C. complained 

D. threatened

45. 

A. lined

B. packed

C. piled

D. covered

46. 

A. least

B. most

C. first      

D. last

47. 

A. messy

B. cool

C. neat

D. dull

48. 

A. eager      

B. concerned

C. prepared       

D. grateful

49. 

A. hesitating

B. dancing

C. touching

D. crawling

50. 

A. over

B. under

C. in

D. on

51. 

A. chaos

B. tears

C. silence

D. return

52. 

A. find    

B. feel

C. make

D. like

53. 

A. Gradually

B. Suddenly

C. Frequently     

D. Actually

54. 

A. dry 

B. curious

C. bright

D. wet

55. 

A. regret

B. talent

C. love

D. courage

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

                Flash Mob: The Pop Culture

    If you see a group of people dancing and singing on the street or in the railway station, you don’t need to feel surprised. They are a flash mob. Who are they? Are they mobs (暴民)?  71  Actually, a flash mob is a group of people who gather suddenly in a public place, do something unusual for a brief period of time, and then quickly separate. 

    Aflash mob is usually organized with the help of the Internet or other digital communications networks.  72  At a predetermined time, they gather and perform some tasks such as exchanging books, coming together to look at the sky, waving their hands and yelling something at the top of their lungs for 30 seconds. Then, they quickly disappear before the police can arrive. 

    Bill Wasik, senior editor of Harper’s Magazine, organized the first flash mob in Manhattan in May 2003 and the first successful flash mob gathered on June 3, 2003  at Macy’s department store. More than one hundred people stepped onto the ninth floor carpet department of Macy’s department store, gathering around an expensive carpet. Following this flash mob, about 200 people flooded the lounge of the Hyatt hotel and applauded for about fifteen seconds.  73  

    Flash mob gatherings can sometimes shock people. Such an activity might seem amusing, but it might also frighten people who are not aware of what is taking place. 74  They also have enormous economic potential, such as using flash mobs to advertise a product.

      75  People use it to do many things. For example, in 2009, Michael Jackson’s fans took part in a flash mob to remember him. Hundreds of his fans gathered outside the railway station in Liverpool. They were singing and dancing Michael’s famous song “Beat It” together. And in another example, some people took part in a flash mob to tell more people not to use negative words. 

    Flash mobs give people from all walks of life an opportunity to come together to create a memory.

A.Don’t be confused by their name.

B.People are attracted by the silly and harmless activities.

C.The flash mob is now becoming more and more popular.

D.Using mobile phones, the flash mob can change their gathering place. 

E.A later mob saw hundreds of people in Central Park making bird noises.

F.The messages may be forwarded to friends, who forward to more people.

G.Undoubtedly, flash mobs can serve as good political tools in any direction.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节 应用文(15分)

    假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你得知故宫正在招聘暑期义务英文讲解员, 请你给相关部负责人写一封申请信,内容包括:

    1.介绍你的基本信息;

    2.说明你的优势;

    3.表示你希望被录用。

注意:(1)词数不少于50;

          (2)开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 

Dear Siror Madam,

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Sincerely,

Li Hua

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 情景作文(20分)

    假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华。为增进师生情谊,最近学校组织了一次师生篮球赛。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,将此活动的全过程记述下来,向校报英语专栏投稿。

注意:1.文章的开头已给出。

         2.词数不少于60。

Recently our school held a basketball game between teachers and students to encourage the relationship between us.__________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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